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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638324/stochastic-signatures-of-involuntary-head-micro-movements-can-be-used-to-classify-females-of-abide-into-different-subtypes-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#1
Elizabeth B Torres, Sejal Mistry, Carla Caballero, Caroline P Whyatt
Background: The approximate 5:1 male to female ratio in clinical detection of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) prevents research from characterizing the female phenotype. Current open access repositories [such as those in the Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange (ABIDE I-II)] contain large numbers of females to help begin providing a new characterization of females on the autistic spectrum. Here we introduce new methods to integrate data in a scale-free manner from continuous biophysical rhythms of the nervous systems and discrete (ordinal) observational scores...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620892/a-prospective-study-of-the-concordance-of-dsm-iv-and-dsm-5-diagnostic-criteria-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Micah O Mazurek, Frances Lu, Heather Symecko, Eric Butter, Nicole M Bing, Rachel J Hundley, Marie Poulsen, Stephen M Kanne, Eric A Macklin, Benjamin L Handen
The transition from DSM-IV to DSM-5 criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) sparked considerable concern about the potential implications of these changes. This study was designed to address limitations of prior studies by prospectively examining the concordance of DSM-IV and final DSM-5 criteria on a consecutive sample of 439 children referred for autism diagnostic evaluations. Concordance and discordance were assessed using a consistent diagnostic battery. DSM-5 criteria demonstrated excellent overall specificity and good sensitivity relative to DSM-IV criteria...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618130/benefits-of-an-individualized-perioperative-plan-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Jo S Swartz, Karen E Amos, Mirna Brindas, Linda G Girling, M Ruth Graham
BACKGROUND: Perioperative care for children with autism spectrum disorder may be challenging. Previous investigators recommend development of an individualized perioperative management plan with caregiver involvement. AIM: The primary goal was to determine the usefulness of an individualized plan based on the decision to provide preoperative sedation stratified by autism spectrum severity level. Secondary goals were to assess the effectiveness of the plan based on subjective assessment of patient behavior at induction of anesthesia and caregiver satisfaction...
June 15, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560650/effects-of-learning-strategy-training-on-the-writing-performance-of-college-students-with-asperger-s-syndrome
#4
Lynn G Jackson, Mary Lou Duffy, Michael P Brady, Jazarae McCormick
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are increasingly entering institutions of higher education. However, many are not prepared for the academic and social demands of postsecondary environments. Although studies have evaluated academic and social interventions for children and adolescents with ASD, little research exists on the college population. The current study utilized a multiple baseline across participants design to evaluate the effectiveness of a writing learning strategy on the writing performance of three college students with ASD...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553246/role-of-two-types-of-syntactic-embedding-in-belief-attribution-in-adults-with-or-without-asperger-syndrome
#5
Morgane Clémentine Burnel, Marcela Perrone-Bertolotti, Stephanie Durrleman, Anne C Reboul, Monica Baciu
The role of syntax in belief attribution (BA) is not completely understood in healthy adults and understudied in adults with autism spectrum disorder. Embedded syntax could be useful either for the development of Theory of Mind (ToM) (Emergence account) or more generally over the lifespan (Reasoning account). Two hypotheses have been explored, one suggesting that embedding itself (Relatives and Complement sentences and Metarepresentation account) is important for ToM and another one considering that the embedding of a false proposition into a true one (Complement sentences and Misrepresentation account) is important...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547882/re-adjusting-the-cut-off-score-of-the-korean-version-of-the-childhood-autism-rating-scale-for-high-functioning-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Hyuk-Jin Kwon, Hee-Jeong Yoo, Joo-Hyun Kim, Dong-Hyun Noh, Hyun-Jung Sunwoo, Ye Seul Jeon, Sang-Youn Lee, Ye-Ul Jo, Gui-Young Bong
AIM: The current cut-off score of the Korean version of the Childhood Autism Rating Scale(K-CARS) does not seem sensitive enough to precisely diagnose high-functioning autism. The aim of this study was to identify the optimal cut-off score of K-CARS for diagnosing high-functioning individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders(ASD). METHODS: A total of 329 participants were assessed by the Korean versions of the Autism Diagnostic Interview - Revised (K-ADI-R), Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (K-ADOS), and K-CARS...
May 26, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538871/what-do-cochrane-systematic-reviews-say-about-interventions-for-autism-spectrum-disorders
#7
Larissa Lyra, Luiz Eduardo Rizzo, Camila Sá Sunahara, Daniela Vianna Pachito, Carolina de Oliveira Cruz Latorraca, Ana Luiza Cabrera Martimbianco, Rachel Riera
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) include autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder and pervasive developmental disorder. The manifestations of ASDs can have an important impact on learning and social functioning that may persist during adulthood. The aim here was to summarize the evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews on interventions for ASDs. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of systematic reviews, conducted within the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493861/maternal-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-neuropsychological-development-in-pre-school-children-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Maribel Casas, Joan Forns, David Martínez, Mònica Guxens, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Jesus Ibarluzea, Nerea Lertxundi, Mario Murcia, Marisa Rebagliato, Adonina Tardon, Jordi Sunyer, Martine Vrijheid
BackgroundMaternal pre-pregnancy obesity may impair infant neuropsychological development, but it is unclear whether intrauterine or confounding factors drive this association.MethodsWe assessed whether maternal pre-pregnancy obesity was associated with neuropsychological development in 1,827 Spanish children. At 5 years, cognitive and psychomotor development was assessed using McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms using the Criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, and autism spectrum disorder symptoms using the Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test...
June 7, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482824/novel-missense-mutation-in-the-bzip-transcription-factor-maf-associated-with-congenital-cataract-developmental-delay-seizures-and-hearing-loss-aym%C3%A3-gripp-syndrome
#9
Shari Javadiyan, Jamie E Craig, Shiwani Sharma, Karen M Lower, Theresa Casey, Eric Haan, Emmanuelle Souzeau, Kathryn P Burdon
BACKGROUND: Cataract is a major cause of severe visual impairment in childhood. The purpose of this study was to determine the genetic cause of syndromic congenital cataract in an Australian mother and son. METHOD: Fifty-one genes associated with congenital cataract were sequenced in the proband using a custom Ampliseq library on the Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine (PGM). Reads were aligned against the human genome (hg19) and variants were annotated. Variants were prioritised for validation by Sanger sequencing if they were novel, rare or previously reported to be associated with paediatric cataract and were predicted to be protein changing...
May 8, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414876/are-extremely-preterm-born-children-with-autism-the-victims-of-too-much-isolation-in-the-incubator
#10
Hugo Lagercrantz
When autism was first identified by Leo Kanner in 1943, he thought it was partially due to "genuine lack of maternal warmth". This "refrigerator mother theory" has been completely discarded and there is now a consensus that there is a connection between genetic heritability and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although Kanner was the first to publish a work on autism, the disease had already been observed by Hans Asperger in Vienna. The history of the discovery and recognition of autism is described in the interesting book: Neurotribes by Steve Silberman (1), This article is protected by copyright...
April 17, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410037/meeting-the-healthcare-needs-of-adults-on-the-autism-spectrum
#11
Christopher Barber
People with Asperger's syndrome/high functioning autism (AS/HFA) are just as likely to experience the full range of health conditions and needs as 'neurotypicals', people who do not have AS/HFA. However, many people with AS/HFA fall between the cracks of health service design and provision as they do not receive support from learning disabilities or mental health services. This article highlights the need for a comprehensive review of healthcare provision, led by people on the autism spectrum.
April 13, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368900/the-effect-of-methylphenidate-on-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-in-patients-with-asperger-syndrome-and-comorbid-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
Pavel Golubchik, Michal Rapaport, Abraham Weizman
The objective of this study was to assess the response of anxiety and depression symptoms to methylphenidate (MPH) treatment in patients with Asperger syndrome (AS) combined with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A group of 12 patients with AS/ADHD, aged 8-18 years, received 12 weeks of MPH treatment. The severities of ADHD, anxiety, and depression symptoms were assessed by means of the ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS), Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders, and the Children's Depression Inventory...
March 31, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261045/a-statistical-method-to-distinguish-functional-brain-networks
#13
André Fujita, Maciel C Vidal, Daniel Y Takahashi
One major problem in neuroscience is the comparison of functional brain networks of different populations, e.g., distinguishing the networks of controls and patients. Traditional algorithms are based on search for isomorphism between networks, assuming that they are deterministic. However, biological networks present randomness that cannot be well modeled by those algorithms. For instance, functional brain networks of distinct subjects of the same population can be different due to individual characteristics...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256681/-deconstructing-kanner
#14
J Artigas-Pallares, I Paula-Perez
Kanner, in 1943, and Asperger, in 1944, published papers that have been considered the first descriptions of autism. Kanner is acknowledged as having been the first to recognise this condition, while Asperger is attributed with the identification of a milder form of autism which has been denominated Asperger's syndrome. Kanner's paper played an important role in the development of the conceptualisation of autism due to its being published in the United States, where it became popular in the field of child psychiatry...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251031/olanzapine-induced-priapism-in-a-child-with-asperger-s-syndrome
#15
Hasan Bozkurt, Serkan Şahin
BACKGROUND: Priapism is a potentially painful and prolonged erection that occurs in the absence of any stimulation. Olanzapine has been reported to induce priapism in several adult cases with schizophrenia and/or mood disorders but very rarely reported in children. CASE REPORT: 9-year-old male with Asperger's Syndrome (AS) referred to our clinic with the complaints of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. He was diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and given methylphenidate treatment which ameliorated his ADHD symptoms...
January 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230711/asperger-syndrome-and-early-onset-schizophrenia-associated-with-a-novel-mecp2-deleterious-missense-variant
#16
Aurore Curie, Gaëtan Lesca, Gérald Bussy, Sabine Manificat, Valérie Arnaud, Sibylle Gonzalez, Olivier Revol, Alain Calender, Daniel Gérard, Vincent des Portes
Methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) deleterious variants, which are responsible for Rett syndrome in girls, are involved in a wide spectrum of developmental disabilities in males. A neuropsychiatric phenotype without intellectual disability is uncommon in patients with MECP2 deleterious variants. We report on two dizygotic twins with an MECP2-related psychiatric disorder without intellectual disability. Neuropsychological and psychiatric phenotype assessments were performed, and a genetic analysis was carried out...
June 2017: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208982/delusional-disorder-in-a-patient-with-corpus-callosum-agenesis
#17
M S Bhatia, Rashmita Saha, Nimisha Doval
Agenesis of corpus callosum is rare and associated neuropsychiatric abnormalities reported are epilepsy, Asperger's syndrome, learning problems, depression, schizophrenia, conduct disorder and conversion symptoms. Schizophrenia is the most common psychiatric disorder reported among corpus callosum agenesis. We report a rare case of delusional disorder with corpus callosum agenesis and seizure disorder. The patient presented with delusions of persecution towards younger brother and mother, disturbed sleep and reduced appetite...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141706/attached-to-a-diagnosis-the-quandary-of-social-deficits-and-reactive-attachment-disorder
#18
Randall Phelps, Debra Eisert, Susan Schulz, Marilyn Augustyn
Alex is a 9-year-old boy brought to you, his primary care provider, for a "fifth opinion." You have cared for Alex since he was adopted from a Romanian orphanage at 3 years of age. He has been physically healthy with normal growth parameters and no evidence of fetal alcohol syndrome. Alex has long-standing history of social difficulties, impulsivity, lying, controlling, manipulative behaviors, violent outbursts at home with subsequent lack of remorse, and excessive chatter. You referred Alex to an interdisciplinary child development clinic 2 years ago, where he was diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075089/autism-spectrum-disorder-primary-care-principles
#19
REVIEW
Kristian E Sanchack, Craig A Thomas
Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by difficulty with social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, or activities. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed., created an umbrella diagnosis that includes several previously separate conditions: autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. There is insufficient evidence to recommend screening for autism spectrum disorder in children 18 to 30 months of age in whom the disorder is not suspected; however, there is a growing body of evidence that early intensive behavioral intervention based on applied behavior analysis improves cognitive ability, language, and adaptive skills...
December 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060873/assessment-of-anterior-cingulate-cortex-acc-and-left-cerebellar-metabolism-in-asperger-s-syndrome-with-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-mrs
#20
Aya Goji, Hiromichi Ito, Kenji Mori, Masafumi Harada, Sonoka Hisaoka, Yoshihiro Toda, Tatsuo Mori, Yoko Abe, Masahito Miyazaki, Shoji Kagami
PURPOSE: Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) is a noninvasive neuroimaging method to quantify biochemical metabolites in vivo and it can serve as a powerful tool to monitor neurobiochemical profiles in the brain. Asperger's syndrome (AS) is a type of autism spectrum disorder, which is characterized by impaired social skills and restrictive, repetitive patterns of interest and activities, while intellectual levels and language skills are relatively preserved. Despite clinical aspects have been well-characterized, neurometabolic profiling in the brain of AS remains to be clear...
2017: PloS One
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