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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528504/assessment-of-trace-metal-accumulation-in-native-mussels-brachidontes-rodriguezii-from-a-south-american-temperate-estuary
#1
Natalia Sol Buzzi, Ana Laura Oliva, Andrés Hugo Arias, Jorge Eduardo Marcovecchio
The present work provides the first results in heavy metal bioaccumulation in the autochthonous mussel Brachidontes rodriguezii from the Bahía Blanca Estuary (Argentina), one of the most important coastal environments of South America, subjected to different anthropogenic pressure. The study is based on the detection of Cd, Cu, Pb, Mn, and Fe in mussels' soft tissue and sediments' fine fraction by means of inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), in order to analyze the potential relationship between both components of the aquatic system...
May 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528426/building-a-bio-based-industry-in-the-middle-east-through-harnessing-the-potential-of-the-red-sea-biodiversity
#2
REVIEW
Jens Nielsen, John Archer, Magbubah Essack, Vladimir B Bajic, Takashi Gojobori, Ivan Mijakovic
The incentive for developing microbial cell factories for production of fuels and chemicals comes from the ability of microbes to deliver these valuable compounds at a reduced cost and with a smaller environmental impact compared to the analogous chemical synthesis. Another crucial advantage of microbes is their great biological diversity, which offers a much larger "catalog" of molecules than the one obtainable by chemical synthesis. Adaptation to different environments is one of the important drives behind microbial diversity...
May 20, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528425/neet-adolescents-grown-up-eight-year-longitudinal-follow-up-of-education-employment-and-mental-health-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-in-mexico-city
#3
Raúl A Gutiérrez-García, Corina Benjet, Guilherme Borges, Enrique Méndez Ríos, María Elena Medina-Mora
The purpose is to examine the socio-demographic and mental health outcomes in early adulthood of those who as adolescents were not in education, employment or training, termed NEET, compared to their counterparts who studied, worked, or both. One thousand and seventy-one youth residing in Mexico City participated in a representative, prospective, longitudinal 8-year two-Wave cohort study. At Wave I the participants were aged 12-17 and at Wave II aged 19 and 26. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed psychiatric disorders, substance use and abuse, suicidal behavior, interpersonal relationships, employment and education...
May 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528419/a-risk-based-characterization-of-sediment-contamination-by-legacy-and-emergent-contaminants-of-concern-in-coastal-british-columbia-canada
#4
Carmen Morales-Caselles, Jean-Pierre W Desforges, Neil Dangerfield, Peter S Ross
Sediments have long been used to help describe pollution sources, contaminated sites, trends over time, and habitat quality for marine life. We collected surficial sediments from 12 sites at an average seawater depth of 25 m in three near-urban areas of the Salish Sea (British Columbia, Canada) to investigate habitat quality for marine life, including heavily contaminated killer whales. Samples were analyzed using high-resolution instrumentation for a wide variety of congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD), polybrominated biphenyls, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans, organochlorine pesticides, and polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs)...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528351/the-influence-of-critical-shoulder-angle-on-secondary-rotator-cuff-insufficiency-following-shoulder-arthroplasty
#5
Simone Cerciello, Andrew Paul Monk, Enrico Visonà, Stefano Carbone, Thomas Bradley Edwards, Nicola Maffulli, Gilles Walch
INTRODUCTION: Secondary cuff failure after shoulder replacement is disabling and often requires additional surgery. Increased critical shoulder angle (CSA) has been found in patients with cuff tear compared to normal subjects. The interobserver reliability of the CSA and the relationship between CSA and symptomatic secondary cuff failure after shoulder replacement were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients with symptomatic cuff failure after anatomic shoulder replacement (mean FU 45 months) were compared to a control group of 29 patients showing no signs of symptomatic cuff failure (mean FU 105...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528315/bisphenol-a-and-replacements-in-thermal-paper-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Maria K Björnsdotter, Jacob de Boer, Ana Ballesteros-Gómez
Thermal paper contains potentially toxic compounds such as bisphenol A (BPA), which is used as a color developer. BPA has been reported in thermal paper in concentrations up to 42,600 μg g(-1). The exposure to BPA via dermal transfer has been recently discussed as a significant contribution to the overall human exposure and the estimated daily intake (EDI) has been reported up to 218 μg d(-1). BPA has been also detected in recycled paper with concentrations up to 46 μg g(-1). Due to the fact that BPA is a known endocrine disruptor and migrates from materials, regulatory restrictions have been established to prevent risks for the human health...
May 15, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528272/glycosylation-is-important-for-legumain-localization-and-processing-to-active-forms-but-not-for-cystatin-e-m-inhibitory-functions
#7
Ngoc Nguyen Lunde, Mads Haugland Haugen, Kristina Broe Bodin Larsen, Ingrid Damgaard, Solveig J Pettersen, Roya Kasem, Wioletta Rut, Marcin Drag, Marcin Poreba, Harald Thidemann Johansen, Rigmor Solberg
The asparaginyl endopeptidase legumain and its inhibitor cystatin E/M are endogenously glycosylated. However, little is known about the nature of the carbohydrate groups and whether they affect the functions of these proteins. In this study both glycosylated and unglycosylated forms of legumain and cystatin E/M were studied. HEK293 cell lines stably over-expressing legumain or cystatin E/M, and HCT116 cells were used as cell models, and mature legumain was purified from bovine kidneys. To obtain unglycosylated proteins, cells were treated with tunicamycin, an inhibitor of N-linked glycosylation, whereas PNGase F and Endo H were used to characterize the glycosylation types...
May 17, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528253/pressure-induced-transformations-in-sorbic-acid
#8
G D Saraiva, J R Maia, J A Lima, C E S Nogueira, P T C Freire, F F de Sousa, A M R Teixeira, J Mendes Filho
This research reports a pressure dependent Raman study of the sorbic acid between 0.0 and 10.0GPa. The unpolarized Raman spectra were measured in the spectral range of 20-3000cm(-1). The high-pressure Raman scattering study of the sorbic acid showed that it underwent a gradual, disordering process. At the room temperature and at the ambient pressure conditions, the crystal structure of the sorbic acid belongs to the monoclinic system with a C2/c (C2h(6)) space group. The pressure increase induced a higher disorder in the monoclinic unit cell, since a single bending mode, and only very broad stretching Raman modes are present at pressure of ~10GPa...
May 10, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528235/mapping-natural-radioactivity-of-soil-samples-in-different-regions-of-punjab-india
#9
Komal Saini, B S Bajwa
Thallium activated sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) detector and multi channel analyzer has been utilized to measure gamma rays emitted by radio nuclides found in soil samples of south-west (SW) region of Punjab state, India where elevated level of uranium of around value of 700µg/l in groundwater has been reported. For comparative study, soil samples were also collected and analyzed from west (W) and north east (NE) regions of the state. Uranium and potassium has been found to be comparatively higher in SW region whereas thorium level is higher in W and NE part of Punjab state...
May 13, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528231/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-problem-gamblers-with-co-occurring-antisocial-personality-disorder
#10
Austin W Blum, Eric W Leppink, Jon E Grant
OBJECTIVES: Problem gamblers with symptoms of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) may represent a distinct problem gambling subtype, but the neurocognitive profile of individuals affected by both disorders is poorly characterized. METHOD: Non-treatment-seeking young adults (18-29years) who gambled ≥5 times in the preceding year were recruited from the general community. Problem gamblers (defined as those meeting ≥1 DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for gambling disorder) with a lifetime history of ASPD (N=26) were identified using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and compared with controls (N=266) using questionnaire-based impulsivity scales and objective computerized neuropsychological tasks...
May 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528186/the-pouch-of-the-douglas-s-pouch
#11
I Sall, E Diémé, M Diallo, E Bénadji, M Diouf, B Ndiaye, O Fall, A Sow, I C Diakhaté, M Ogougbémy
Hernia is described as the protrusion of an organ into the wall of its normal containing cavity. Internal hernia (IH) involves protrusion of viscera through: a peritoneal or mesentery defect, a normal or abnormal compartment of the peritoneal cavity. Hernias occurring in the pelvis cavity are usually classified according to the fascial margins breached and include sciatic, obturator and those through the rectouterin pouch: elytrocele and enterocele. Those hernias are defined by the protrusion of a viscus through the wall of the pelvis due to weakness of the pelvic fascia and/or muscles...
May 17, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528134/enhancing-tumor-cell-response-to-multidrug-resistance-with-ph-sensitive-quercetin-and-doxorubicin-conjugated-multifunctional-nanoparticles
#12
Cenk Daglioglu
Classical chemotherapy uses chemotherapeutic agents as a mainstay of anticancer treatment. However, the development of multidrug resistance to chemotherapy limits the effectiveness of current cancer treatment. Nanosized bioconjugates combining a chemotherapeutic agent with a pharmacological approach may improve the curative effect of chemotherapeutic agents. Herein I addressed this issue by describing the synthesis, and testing of, pH-responsive Fe3O4@SiO2(FITC)-BTN/QUR/DOX multifunctional nanoparticles. The particles were designed to modulate resistance-mediating factors and to potentiate the efficacy of DOX against chemoresistance...
May 10, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528132/the-perceived-medical-condition-self-management-scale-can-be-applied-to-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
Marcus G Wild, Kenneth A Wallston, Jamie A Green, Lauren B Beach, Ebele Umeukeje, Julie A Wright Nunes, T Alp Ikizler, Julia Steed, Kerri L Cavanaugh
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a major burden on patients and the health care system. Treatment of CKD requires dedicated involvement from both caretakers and patients. Self-efficacy, also known as perceived competence, contributes to successful maintenance of patient's CKD self-management behaviors such as medication adherence and dietary regulations. Despite a clear association between self-efficacy and improved CKD outcomes, there remains a lack of validated self-report measures of CKD self-efficacy. To address this gap, the Perceived Kidney/Dialysis Self-Management Scale (PKDSMS) was adapted from the previously validated Perceived Medical Condition Self-Management Scale...
May 18, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528124/validation-of-the-security-needs-assessment-profile-for-measuring-the-profiles-of-security-needs-of-chinese-forensic-psychiatric-inpatients
#14
B W M Siu, C C Y Au-Yeung, A W L Chan, L S Y Chan, K K Yuen, H W Leung, C K Yan, K K Ng, A C H Lai, S Davies, M Collins
Mapping forensic psychiatric services with the security needs of patients is a salient step in service planning, audit and review. A valid and reliable instrument for measuring the security needs of Chinese forensic psychiatric inpatients was not yet available. This study aimed to develop and validate the Chinese version of the Security Needs Assessment Profile for measuring the profiles of security needs of Chinese forensic psychiatric inpatients. The Security Needs Assessment Profile by Davis was translated into Chinese...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528100/testing-the-abbreviated-food-technology-neophobia-scale-and-its-relation-to-satisfaction-with-food-related-life-in-university-students
#15
Berta Schnettler, Klaus G Grunert, Edgardo Miranda-Zapata, Ligia Orellana, José Sepúlveda, Germán Lobos, Clementina Hueche, Yesli Höger
The aims of this study were to test the relationships between food neophobia, satisfaction with food-related life and food technology neophobia, distinguishing consumer segments according to these variables and characterizing them according to willingness to purchase food produced with novel technologies. A survey was conducted with 372 university students (mean aged=20.4years, SD=2.4). The questionnaire included the Abbreviated version of the Food Technology Neophobia Scale (AFTNS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), and a 6-item version of the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS)...
June 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528032/a-surprising-alliance-two-giants-of-the-20th-century
#16
Robert M Sade
Alexis Carrel and Charles Lindbergh were among the most famous international figures in the 20th century: Carrel, the surgeon-scientist who won a Nobel prize as a young surgeon, and Lindbergh, the aviator-engineer who pioneered aviation and promoted commercial flight throughout his life. Surprisingly, these two amazing individuals came together to collaborate on the early development of extracorporeal circulation. Their work was interrupted by the onset of World War II, which destroyed one of them and nearly destroyed the other...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528025/international-participation-in-the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-adult-cardiac-surgery-database-from-institutional-to-national
#17
EDITORIAL
Oz M Shapira, Orit Blumenfeld, Gil Bolotin, Frederick L Grover, David M Shahian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527870/blumenthal-receives-international-ethnopharmacologist-of-the-year-award
#18
Bonnie Horrigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527805/effects-of-replacement-of-late-harvested-grass-silage-and-barley-with-early-harvested-silage-on-milk-production-and-methane-emissions
#19
E H Cabezas-Garcia, S J Krizsan, K J Shingfield, P Huhtanen
This study evaluated the effects of gradual replacement of a mixture of late-cut grass silage (LS) and barley with early-cut grass silage (ES) on milk production, CH4 emissions, and N utilization in Swedish Red cows. Two grass silages were prepared from the same primary growth of timothy grass sward but harvested 2 wk apart [11.0 and 9.7 MJ of metabolizable energy/kg of dry matter (DM)]. Four diets, fed as a total mixed ration, were formulated to meet the metabolizable energy and protein requirements of 35 kg of energy-corrected milk (ECM) by gradually replacing a mixture of LS and barley with ES (0, 33, 67, and 100% of the forage component of the diet), whereas the proportion of barley decreased from 47...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527763/aluminium-resistant-plant-growth-promoting-bacteria-induce-overexpression-of-aluminium-stress-related-genes-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-and-increase-the-ginseng-tolerance-against-aluminium-stress
#20
Mohamed El-Agamy Farh, Yeon-Ju Kim, Johan Sukweenadhi, Priyanka Singh, Deok-Chun Yang
Panax ginseng is an important cash crop in the Asian countries due to its pharmaceutical effects, however the plant is exposed to various abiotic stresses, lead to reduction of its quality. One of them is the Aluminum (Al) accumulation. Plant growth promoting bacteria which able to tolerate heavy metals has been considered as a new trend for supporting the growth of many crops in heavy metal occupied areas. In this study, twelve bacteria strains were isolated from rhizosphere of diseased Korean ginseng roots located in Gochang province, Republic of Korea and tested for their ability to grow in Al-embedded broth media...
July 2017: Microbiological Research
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