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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731496/prognostic-factors-for-survival-in-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-patients-with-brain-metastases-receiving-targeted-therapy
#1
Ibrahim Yildiz, Ahmet Bilici, Nuri Karadurmuş, Leyla Ozer, Deniz Tural, Mehmet A Kaplan, Tülay Akman, Ibrahim V Bayoglu, Mükremin Uysal, Yaşar Yildiz, Özgür Tanriverdi, Ozan Yazici, Zeki Sürmeli, Nazim Serdar Turhal, Sevil Bavbek, Fatih Selçukbiricik, Doğan Koca, Mert Basaran
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of our study was to examine the clinical outcomes and prognosis of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) with brain metastases (BMs) receiving targeted therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients from 16 oncology centers for whom complete clinical data were available were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The median age was 57 years (range 30-80). Most patients underwent a nephrectomy (n = 41; 70...
July 14, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730233/assessment-of-t-and-b-lymphocytes-and-vegf-a-in-acute-pancreatitis
#2
Elena Irina Căluianu, Dragoş Ovidiu Alexandru, Elena Anca Târtea, Marius Georgescu, Dorin MercuŢ, Emil Tiberius Traşcă, Maria Iancău
AIM: Highlighting certain characteristics of T- and B-lymphocytes, as well as of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) as a prognosis factors for patients suffering from acute pancreatitis, with the scope of establishing diagnosis and therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pancreatic tissue samples were analyzed, originating from 21 patients deceased due to acute pancreatitis, between the years 2015 and 2016. The study group was subdivided into two subgroups by pathology duration...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719352/determination-of-il-6-tnf-%C3%AE-and-vegf-levels-in-the-serums-of-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#3
Ö Coşkun, Ö Öztopuz, Ö F Özkan
Cytokines are multifunctional polypeptides synthesized by different body cells. They have clinical significance in terms of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention. Cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 play an important role in the growth and differentiation of cells.Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) is excessively produced in epithelial, mesenchymal, and particularly in tumor cells. Studies have shown that the increased serum concentrations of IL-6, TNF-α, VEGF are strongly associated with colorectal cancer  and directly with the clinical stage of the disease...
May 20, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715613/isolation-and-characterization-of-canine-placenta-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-for-the-treatment-of-neurological-disorders-in-dogs
#4
Connor Long, Lee Lankford, Priyadarsini Kumar, Robert Grahn, Dori L Borjesson, Diana Farmer, Aijun Wang
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating disorder that affects humans and dogs. The prognosis of SCI depends on the severity of the injury and can include varying levels of motor and sensory deficits including devastating paraplegia and quadriplegia. Placental mesenchymal stromal cells (PMSCs) have been shown to improve wound healing and possess neuroprotective and immunomodulatory capabilities, but have not yet been clinically tested for the treatment of SCI. This study established a protocol to isolate fetal PMSCs from canine placentas and characterized their paracrine secretion profile and ability to stimulate neurons in vitro to assess their potential as a treatment option for neurological disorders in dogs...
July 17, 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715585/retinoic-acid-engineered-amniotic-membrane-used-as-graft-or-homogenate-positive-effects-on-corneal-alkali-burns
#5
Romain Joubert, Estelle Daniel, Nicolas Bonnin, Aurélie Comptour, Christelle Gross, Corinne Belville, Frédéric Chiambaretta, Loïc Blanchon, Vincent Sapin
Purpose: Alkali burns are the most common, severe chemical ocular injuries, their functional prognosis depending on corneal wound healing efficiency. The purpose of our study was to compare the benefits of amniotic membrane (AM) grafts and homogenates for wound healing in the presence or absence of previous all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) treatment. Methods: Fifty male CD1 mice with reproducible corneal chemical burn were divided into five groups, as follows: group 1 was treated with saline solution; groups 2 and 3 received untreated AM grafts or grafts treated with atRA, respectively; and groups 4 and 5 received untreated AM homogenates or homogenates treated with atRA, respectively...
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712408/-dectection-of-g3bp-and-cd44v6-in-the-tissues-of-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-their-clinical-significance
#6
Dahu Luo, Weihua Lou
Objective To study the expressions of RNA-binding Ras-GAP SH3 binding protein (G3BP) and tumor stem cell marker CD44v6 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma and their correlations with angiogenesis. Methods We collected the cancer tissues and corresponding paracancerous tissues from 56 patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. The expressions of G3BP and CD44v6 proteins were detected by Western blotting in cancer tissues and corresponding paracancerous tissues; the expressions of G3BP, CD44v6 and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) were tested by immunohistochemistry...
July 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688608/down-regulated-microrna-375-expression-as-a-predictive-biomarker-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-brain-metastasis-and-its-prognostic-significance
#7
Li-Juan Chen, Xing-Ya Li, Yan-Qiu Zhao, Wen-Jing Liu, Hui-Juan Wu, Jie Liu, Xiao-Qian Mu, Hong-Bo Wu
Brain metastases (BM) are common among patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and have been associated with significant morbidity and limited survival. Early and sensitive detection of BM is essential for improving prognosis. Recently, microRNA-375(miR-375) which is specifically expressed in the brain has been found significantly dysregulated in many human cancers. However, there is still no data whether miR-375 is associated with higher risk of BM development in NSCLC. In this study, we detected the miR-375 expression using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and assessed its predictive and prognostic significance...
July 1, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686003/the-finnish-national-guideline-for-diagnosis-treatment-and-follow-up-of-patients-with-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration
#8
Raimo Tuuminen, Hannele Uusitalo-Järvinen, Vesa Aaltonen, Nina Hautala, Sulevi Kaipiainen, Nina Laitamäki, Marko Ollila, Jari Rantanen, Satu Välimäki, Raija Sipilä, Tanja Laukkala, Jorma Komulainen, Petri Tommila, Ilkka Immonen, Anja Tuulonen, Kai Kaarniranta
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the main cause of visual impairment in developed countries. Several improvements in the visualization of posterior segment of the eye together with the introduction of intravitreal anti-VEGF treatment have revolutionized the prognosis of the wet form of AMD (wAMD). Increasing incidence of wAMD together with the limited resources of society and of the healthcare system poses challenges for the provision and development of care. In context of these current aspects, we aimed to set evidence-based medical guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of patients with wAMD...
July 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683891/postoperative-serum-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-is-an-independent-prognostic-factor-of-disease-free-survival-an-overall-survival-in-patients-with-non-metastatic-colon-cancer
#9
M Pascual, S Alonso, S Salvans, X Mayol, S Mojal, M J Gil, L Grande, M Pera
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth and formation of metastasis. VEGF is the most potent agiogenic citokine. The aim was to investigate the predictive value of postoperative VEGF serum concentration in patients undergoing surgery for colon cancer. METHODS: Consecutive patients with colon cancer undergoing surgery with curative intent were included. VEGF was measured in serum at 48 h and postoperative day 4. Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate its contribution with prognosis...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683470/integrating-cytokines-and-angiogenic-factors-and-tumour-bulk-with-selected-clinical-criteria-improves-determination-of-prognosis-in-advanced-renal-cell-carcinoma
#10
A J Zurita, R C Gagnon, Y Liu, H T Tran, R A Figlin, T E Hutson, A M D'Amelio, C N Sternberg, L N Pandite, J V Heymach
BACKGROUND: In two clinical trials of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor inhibitor pazopanib in advanced renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), we found interleukin-6 as predictive of pazopanib benefit. We evaluated the prognostic significance of candidate cytokines and angiogenic factors (CAFs) identified in that work relative to accepted clinical parameters. METHODS: Seven preselected plasma CAFs (interleukin-6, interleukin-8, osteopontin, VEGF, hepatocyte growth factor, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1), and E-selectin) were measured using multiplex ELISA in plasma collected pretreatment from 343 mRCC patients participating in the phase 3 registration trial of pazopanib vs placebo (NCT00334282)...
July 6, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680264/pro-and-antiangiogenic-vegf-and-its-receptor-status-for-the-severity-of-diabetic-retinopathy
#11
Suman K Paine, Lakshmi K Mondal, Prasanta K Borah, Chandra K Bhattacharya, Jagadish Mahanta
PURPOSE: Alteration of pro- and antiangiogenic homeostasis of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) isoforms in patients with hyperglycemia seems crucial but substantially unexplored at least quantitatively for diabetic retinopathy (DR). Therefore, in the present study we aimed to estimate the difference between the pro- (VEGF165a) and antiangiogenic (VEGF165b) VEGF isoforms and its soluble receptors for severity of DR. METHODS: The study included 123 participants (diabetic retinopathy: 81, diabetic control: 20, non-diabetic control: 22) from the Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Kolkata...
2017: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678326/expression-levels-of-pten-hif-1%C3%AE-and-vegf-as-prognostic-factors-in-ovarian-cancer
#12
W Shen, H-L Li, L Liu, J-X Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Epithelial ovarian cancer is associated with high mortality, mostly because of delayed diagnosis, necessitating the search for novel diagnostic and prognostic markers. Here we evaluated the association between expression levels of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and ovarian cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Expressions of these proteins were assessed by immunohistochemistry in 21 specimens of normal ovary tissues and 76 specimens of ovarian cancer tissues...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677228/vegf-and-twist1-in-a-16-biomarker-immunoprofile-useful-for-prognosis-of-breast-cancer-patients
#13
Laura Schirosi, Simona De Summa, Stefania Tommasi, Angelo Paradiso, Giampietro Gasparini, Ondina Popescu, Giovanni Simone, Anita Mangia
This study concerns the expression of biomarkers involved in diverse pathways, such as progression, DNA repair mechanisms and angiogenesis, in order to establish an immunoprofile capable of characterizing sporadic versus familial breast cancers (BCs). The aim was to identify a patient subgroup with a different clinical outcome, which could then be directed towards new targeted therapies. Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) was carried out using the immunohistochemical score from tissue microarray sections of an initial cohort of 183 (88 sporadic and 95 familial) patients with invasive BC...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671087/the-effect-analysis-of-cyp2d6-gene-polymorphism-in-the-toremifene-and-tamoxifen-treatment-in-patient-with-breast-cancer
#14
Yi Zeng, Kai Huang, Weiwei Huang
The purpose of the present research work was to study the CYP2D6 gene polymorphism survival outcome after breast cancer patient received the toremifene and tamoxifen treatment. Seventy-eight patients who received radical mastectomy and toremifene and tamoxifen treatment after operation were divided into three groups: CYP2D6*1/*1 group (13 cases), CYP2D6*1/*10 group (28cases) and CYP2D6*10/*10 group (35 cases), according to the gene polymorphism of blood serum CYP2D6. The results of treatment of three groups were compared...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668888/efficacy-of-combination-therapy-with-met-and-vegf-inhibitors-for-met-overexpressing-glioblastoma
#15
Takeshi Okuda, Takayuki Tasaki, Susumu Nakata, Kimihiro Yamashita, Hiromasa Yoshioka, Shuichi Izumoto, Amami Kato, Mitsugu Fujita
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a malignant brain tumor with an extremely poor prognosis. GBM tissues frequently express mesenchymal-epithelial transition factor (MET), which induces cell division, growth and migration. In addition, angiogenesis is a significant feature of GBM, attributable to the overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Although the VEGF inhibitor bevacizumab was recently highlighted as the second-line drug for GBM treatment, GBMs often recur even with bevacizumab therapy...
July 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667418/diabetic-nephropathy-serum-mir-9-confers-a-poor-prognosis-in-and-is-associated-with-level-changes-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-and-pigment-epithelium-derived-factor
#16
Yanxin Xiao, Shuqin Guo, Yunliang Zhang, Zhiying Bian, Liyan Jia, Yanyun Hu, Jie Chen, Chao Yin, Ning Li, Dongxun Zhang, Xincui Zhao, Jun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the serum level of miR-9 and the progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN) and related molecular mechanisms. RESULTS: Thirty-five healthy subjects and 140 DN patients were divided into five groups: control, DN I-II, DN III, DN IV and DN V. Serum level of miR-9 was measured by real-time qPCR. Serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) lipids, fasting glucose, insulin, hemoglobin A1c (HBA1c), creatinine, fibrinogen and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were also measured...
June 30, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655539/myopic-choroidal-neovascularization-review-guidance-and-consensus-statement-on-management
#17
Chui Ming Gemmy Cheung, Jennifer J Arnold, Frank G Holz, Kyu Hyung Park, Timothy Y Y Lai, Michael Larsen, Paul Mitchell, Kyoko Ohno-Matsui, Shih-Jen Chen, Sebastian Wolf, Tien Yin Wong
TOPIC: The aim of this article is to review and compile available information on the classification, pathophysiology, and clinical features of myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV); to describe the latest data on the management of this disease; and to present guidance. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: In the United States, myopia affects approximately 34 million people (2010), and similar figures have been reported in Europe. Pathologic myopia (PM), a possible consequence of myopia, is estimated to affect up to 3% of the global population...
June 24, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647850/wound-healing-protein-profiles-in-the-postoperative-exudate-of-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-mandible
#18
Soung Min Kim, Mi Young Eo, Yun Ju Cho, Yeon Sook Kim, Suk Keun Lee
Recurrent bacterial infections in cases of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of jaw (BRONJ) frequently occur. Therefore, BRONJ are usually treated by radical saucerization followed by intensive antibiotic medications without bisphosphonate therapy. The postoperative exudate (POE) from BRONJ lesions may directly indicate the inflammatory status of osteomyelitis in patients, but so far, the POE has rarely been examined for its expression of various cytokines and wound healing proteins. A total of 27 cases of BRONJ, which involved the mandible, were selected and their individual POE collected 6 h, 1 day, and 2 days after surgical intervention was analyzed by immunoprecipitation high performance liquid chromatography (IP-HPLC)...
June 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647210/high-expression-levels-of-cyr61-and-vegf-are-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-osteosarcoma
#19
Yanming Liu, Feiyue Zhang, Zhaobo Zhang, Daoqing Wang, Baojuan Cui, Fanshuo Zeng, Laigang Huang, Qi Zhang, Qiangsan Sun
Cysteine Rich Angiogenic Inducer 61 (Cyr61) and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) are signaling proteins involved in the regulation of tumor angiogenesis and progression. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological and prognostic significance of Cyr61 and VEGF expressions in osteosarcoma. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to evaluate the expression of both the proteins in 84 osteosarcoma samples. Correlation between Cyr61/VEGF expressions and clinicopathological parameters was determined using Rank sum test and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient...
June 6, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625320/expression-of-jagged1-notch3-signaling-pathway-and-their-relationship-with-the-tumor-angiogenesis-in-tnbc
#20
Siliang Xue, Lang He, Xiao Zhang, Jin Zhou, Fanghua Li, Xiaoshan Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Jagged1/Notch3 signaling pathway plays a key role in angiogenesis of breast cancer, but little is known in TNBC. This study was designed to investigate the expression of Jagged1/Notch3 mRNA and protein in TNBC, analyze their correlations with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis. Moreover, the interrelationship among Jagged1/Notch3 and VEGF was initially evaluated. METHODS: Jagged1/Notch3 mRNA and protein expression levels were determined by Q-RT-PCR and Western blotting...
February 2017: Archives of Medical Research
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