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Vegf prognosis

Matthew T Cook
Metastatic breast cancer is typically an extremely aggressive cancer with poor prognosis. Metastasis requires the orchestration of homeostatic factors and cellular programs, many of which are potential therapeutic targets. Luteolin (2-[3,4-dihydroxyphenyl]-5,7-dihydroxy-4-chromenone), is a naturally occurring flavonoid found in fruits and vegetables that exhibits many anticancer properties. Luteolin obstructs metastasis through both direct and indirect mechanisms. For instance, luteolin may suppress breast cancer invasion by acting as an antiangiogenic therapeutic inhibiting VEGF production and its receptor's activity...
2018: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
H Xu, Y-J Ren, K Liu, X-L Min, L Yang, Y Zhou, J Zheng, C Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlations of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) levels with colorectal liver metastasis (CLM) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), and determine the effects of transhepatic arterial chemoembolization (TACE) on their expressions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 110 CRC patients treated in the department of interventional radiology of our hospital from May 2013 to May 2016 were randomly enrolled...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Dengxiang Liu, Na Wang, Yawei Sun, Ting Guo, Xiaoyan Zhu, Jun Guo
OBJECTIVE: To analysis the expression of VEGF in gastric carcinoma cell and tumor tissue, our study determined the relationship between the expression of VEGF and tumor incidence, metastasis and prognosis in human gastric carcinoma. METHODS: Treatment of ZD6474 at dose of 30 μmol/L was performed in gastric carcinoma cell BGC823. qPCR and Western-blot were used to analysis the mRNA and protein expression of VEGF. MTT, wound healing and Transwell experiments were conducted to study the effect of VEGF on tumor incidence, metastasis and prognosis...
June 4, 2018: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Wen-Yu Cheng, Chiung-Chyi Shen, Ming-Tsang Chiao, Yea-Jiuan Liang, Tsuo-Fei Mao, Bai-Shuan Liu, Jun-Peng Chen
INTRODUCTION: A previous study confirmed that a novel splicing variant of large vascular endothelial growth factor (L-VEGF) termed L-VEGF144, a nucleolus protein, is found in glioblastoma cells and specimens, but the actual biological function and clinical significance of L-VEGF144 remain unclear. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed the expression of L-VEGF144 in 68 glioblastoma multiforme specimens using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Pohchoo Seow, Jeannie Hsiu Ding Wong, Azlina Ahmad Annuar, Abhishek Mahajan, Nor Aniza Abdullah, Norlisah Ramli
  The diversity of tumour characteristics among glioma patients, even within same tumour grade, is a big challenge for disease outcome prediction. A possible approach for improved radiological imaging could come from combining information obtained at molecular level. This review assembles recent evidence highlighting the value of using radiogenomic biomarkers to infer underlying biology of gliomas and correlation with imaging features.  Methods:  Literature search was done for articles published between 2002 and 2017 on Medline electronic databases...
June 14, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Hong-Wei Lei, Jie Cai, Cheng-Ming Li, Fang Yang, Wan-Qing Shi, Wan-Qing Shi, Li-Ping Wang, You-Ying Feng
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: To investigate the effect of mTOR inhibitor Rapamycin combined with transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) on the growth, metastasis, and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in rat model. MATERIAL AND METHOD: McARH7777 cells were used to construct rat models of HCC, which were randomly divided into Model, Rapamycin, TAE, and Rapamycin + TAE groups. Quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western Blot were used to detect the expression of Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT)-related molecules, and immunohistochemical staining to determine the expression of EMTrelated proteins, angiogenic factors as well as microvessel density (MVD)-CD34...
July 2018: Annals of Hepatology
Kátia Ladeira, Filipa Macedo, Adhemar Longatto-Filho, Sandra F Martins
Esophageal cancer has an aggressive behavior with rapid tumor mass growth and frequently poor prognosis; it is known as one of the most fatal types of cancer worldwide. The identification of potential molecular markers that can predict the response to treatment and the prognosis of this cancer has been subject of a vast investigation in the recent years. Among several molecules, various angiogenic factors that are linked to the tumor development, growth, and invasion, such as VEGF, HGF, angiopoietin-2, IL-6, and TGF-B1, were investigated...
April 2018: Esophagus: Official Journal of the Japan Esophageal Society
Mónika Ecsedy, Béla Csákány, Illés Kovács, Miklós Resch, Zoltán Nagy, Zsuzsa Récsán
We present cases of blinding spontaneous suprachoroidal haemorrhage in anticoagulant taking wet-AMD patients. A retrospective study has been performed to present the clinical course, management and final outcome of spontaneous suprachoroidal haemorrhage in 7 eyes of six age-related macular degeneration patients seen in our clinic from January 2016 to April 2017. All patients were on chronic oral anticoagulant therapy because of cardiovascular disorder. In one patient, haematological disorder was also present modifying significantly the haemostasis...
June 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Yu Fei, Jianhua Hou, Wei Xuan, Chenghua Zhang, Xiuping Meng
OBJECTIVE: Although angiogenesis plays an important role in coronary collateral circulation (CCC) formation and there are many determinants of coronary angiogenesis, they cannot fully explain the mechanism of CCC formation or as potent biomarker for CCC status. Therefore, there is of great clinical significance to identify the novel molecules associated with CCC. Previously, miR-503 exerts anti-angiogenesis effect via inhibition of VEGF-A and its expression is associated with many angiogenesis-related factors...
June 2, 2018: Life Sciences
Gagandeep Choudhary, Karl-Josef Langen, Norbert Galldiks, Jonathan Mcconathy
High-grade gliomas (HGGs) are the most common primary malignant tumors of the brain, with glioblastoma (GBM) constituting over 50% of all the gliomas in adults. The disease carries very high mortality, and even with optimal treatment, the median survival is 2-5 years for anaplastic tumors and 1-2 years for GBMs. Neuroimaging is critical to managing patients with HGG for diagnosis, treatment planning, response assessment, and detecting recurrent disease. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the cornerstone of imaging in neuro-oncology, but molecular imaging with positron emission tomography (PET) can overcome some of the inherent limitations of MRI...
June 4, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Ziling Zhao, Shuna Yang, Yan Cheng, Xiuhua Zhao
In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) have been shown to be deregulated in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Their deregulation has been suggested to be involved in EOC formation and progression through the regulation of the expression of numerous cancer‑related genes. Hence, it is of great importance to further determine the detailed roles and underlying mechanisms of miRNAs involved in EOC and to identify novel targets for diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of patients with EOC. In this study, the expression of miR‑655‑3p (miR‑655) was significantly downregulated in EOC tissues and four EOC cell lines...
May 29, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yuqiao Diao, Ping Zhang, Ruoheng Dai, Jianfa Xu, Helin Feng
PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown a correlation between the expression of H3K27me3 and pathological characteristics of malignant tumors. This study aimed to investigate the association of H3K27me3 and VEGF expression with clinical outcomes of synovial sarcoma patients. METHODS: This study included 48 patients with synovial sarcoma. H3K27me3 and VEGF levels were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining, and their correlation with clinical parameters was analyzed by Spearman's and Pearson's test...
May 20, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Shotaro Asano, Kosuke Nakajima, Kana Kure, Keiko Azuma, Kimiko Shimizu, Hiroshi Murata, Tatsuya Inoue, Ryo Obata, Ryo Asaoka
The aim of the current study is to investigate corneal biomechanical properties in detail using Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) and Corvis ST (CST) tonometry and to analyze the association between corneal biomechanical properties and the frequency of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections (FIV ) in AS eyes with choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Twenty-eight eyes of 15 patients with AS were enrolled. Mean age of AS patients was 67.9 ± 9.8 years. ORA and CST measurements were carried out, in addition to comprehensive ophthalmic examinations...
May 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
Malgorzata Krzystek-Korpacka, Marek Zawadzki, Bartosz Kapturkiewicz, Paulina Lewandowska, Iwona Bednarz-Misa, Sabina Gorska, Wojciech Witkiewicz, Andrzej Gamian
Colorectal cancers (CRCs) are treated as one entity but are in fact a heterogeneous group of diseases. If not addressed, subsite-associated variability may interfere with mechanism-targeted therapies and accuracy of potential CRC biomarkers. Little is known about the contribution of systemic inflammatory and immune mediators to subsite heterogeneity in CRC. Our purpose was to compare the profiles of key cytokines between right and left colonic and rectal CRCs. Using Luminex xMAP® technology, serum concentrations of eotaxin, IL-1β, IL-1ra, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12(p70), IL-13, IL-15, IL-17, IFNγ, IP-10, FGF-2, G-CSF, GM-CSF, MCP-1, MIP-1α and β, PDGF-BB, RANTES, TNFα, and VEGF-A were determined in 104 CRC patients...
May 22, 2018: Cytokine
Rita Haldar, Lee Shaashua, Hagar Lavon, Yasmin A Lyons, Oded Zmora, Eran Sharon, Yehudit Birnbaum, Tanir Allweis, Anil K Sood, Iris Barshack, Steve Cole, Shamgar Ben-Eliyahu
Catecholamines and prostaglandins are secreted abundantly during the perioperative period in response to stress and surgery, and were shown by translational studies to promote tumor metastasis. Here, in a phase-II biomarker clinical trial in breast cancer patients (n=38), we tested the combined perioperative use of the β-blocker, propranolol, and the COX2-inhibitor, etodolac, scheduled for 11 consecutive perioperative days, starting 5 days before surgery. Blood samples were taken before treatment (T1), on the mornings before and after surgery (T2&T3), and after treatment cessation (T4)...
May 22, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Rossana Berardi, Mariangela Torniai, Stefano Partelli, Corrado Rubini, Silvia Pagliaretta, Agnese Savini, Vanessa Polenta, Matteo Santoni, Riccardo Giampieri, Sofia Onorati, Federica Barucca, Alberto Murrone, Francesca Bianchi, Massimo Falconi
Angiogenesis represents a key event in cancer development, leading to local invasion e metastatization, and might be considered a basic feature in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs) with a high expression of angiogenic molecules. We aimed to analyze the prognostic and predictive role of angiogenic factors in GEP-NENs through the analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of VEGF-A, VEGFR2 and VEGFR3. The genomic DNA of 58 consecutive patients with GEP-NENs treated at our Institution was extracted from peripheral blood...
2018: PloS One
Vittore Cereda, Vincenzo Formica, Mario Roselli
There is general agreement that increased angiogenesis is an important factor in determining prostate cancer development and prognosis. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) is thought to play a primary role in the molecular events that lead to prostate cancer progression, from androgen-dependency to castration-resistance until dissemination to the skeleton. Bevacizumab is a recombinant anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody that has exhibited clinical activity in different cancer types. Areas covered: In this review we summarize the data of clinical trials, investigating the effects of bevacizumab in prostate cancer patients...
May 21, 2018: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
Q Yu, L Li, N Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between three-dimensional echocardiography and the expressions of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in patients with myocardial infarction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with three-dimensional echocardiography and 40 patients receiving normal physical examination were selected. According to whether the disease occurred, they were divided into the myocardial infarction group and the normal group...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Xiaoyu Yu, Yan Wang, Huilei Qiu, Hongtao Song, Di Feng, Yang Jiang, Shuzhe Deng, Hongxue Meng, Jingshu Geng
Objective: Ovarian carcinoma represents one of the deadliest malignancies among female cancer patients. Astrocyte-elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) participates in the ontogenesis of multiple human malignant diseases. Here we evaluated AEG-1, hypoxia-inducible factor- (HIF-) 1 α , nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF- κ B), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) amounts in hypoxia induced ovarian carcinoma cells. This study aimed to explore the mechanism by which AEG-1 regulates metastasis in hypoxia induced ovarian carcinoma...
2018: BioMed Research International
Yanzhen Lai, Xueping Wang, Tao Zeng, Shan Xing, Shuqin Dai, Junye Wang, Shulin Chen, Xiaohui Li, Ying Xie, Yuanying Zhu, Wanli Liu
Background: Effective biomarkers are essential to the differential diagnosis and severity assessment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study explored the use of the serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels as a biomarker with the aim of achieving better management of NSCLC. Methods: Serum VEGF levels were assayed via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 180 patients with NSCLC, 136 patients with benign pulmonary nodules, and 119 healthy controls. We additionally detected the serum concentration of three traditional biomarkers-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cancer antigen (CA)-125, and cytokeratin 19 fragments (Cyfra 21-1)-to comparatively evaluate the efficiency and diagnostic value of VEGF in patients with NSCLC...
2018: Journal of Cancer
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