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Orbital hemangioma

F Heran Dreyfus, O Galatoire, P Koskas, F Lafitte, E Nau, O Bergès
Orbito-palpebral vascular pathology represents 10% of all the diseases of this area. The lesion may be discovered during a brain CT scan or MRI, or because it causes clinical symptoms such as orbital mass, visual or oculomotor alteration, pain, proptosis, or acute bleeding due to a complication of the lesion (hemorrhage, thrombosis). We present these lesions using an anatomical, clinical, imaging and therapeutic approach. We distinguish four different entities. Vascular tumors have common imaging characteristics (hypersignal on T2 sequence, contrast enhancement, abnormal vascularization well depicted with ultrasound and Doppler, and possible bleeding)...
October 18, 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Y Zhao, H Zhao, J Y Lin, Y Pan, W J Zhai, Y C Wang
Objective: To analyze the clinical features and pathological classification of chlidren's ocular tumors. Methods: Retrospective case series study. Five hundred and four cases (506 eyes) of ocular tumor with biopsy-proven in children below 14 years old between January 2002 and December 2014 from Tianjin Eye Hospital were performed to retrospectively investigated the lesion location, clinical features and histopathologic classification of these lesions. Results: Of 504 cases there were 246 boys (248 eyes) and 258 girls (258 eyes) patients...
October 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Mary Beth Cunnane, Hugh David Curtin
Diseases of the orbit can be categorized in many ways, but in this chapter we shall group them according to etiology. Inflammatory diseases of the orbits may be infectious or noninfectious. Of the infections, orbital cellulitis is the most common and typically arises as a complication of acute sinusitis. Of the noninfectious, inflammatory conditions, thyroid orbitopathy is the most common and results in enlargement of the extraocular muscles and proliferation of the orbital fat. Idiopathic orbital inflammatory syndrome is another cause of inflammation in the orbit, which may mimic thyroid orbitopathy or even neoplasm, but typically presents with pain...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Chih-Ying Wu, Hsiang-Ming Huang, Der-Cherng Chen, Der-Yang Cho, Sung-Tai Wei
A primary intraosseous hemangioma (IOH) of the orbital bone is extremely rare. The preferred method of treatment for IOH is total surgical excision with reconstruction. Herein, the authors describe a patient with an orbital roof IOH and the unexpected complications of ptosis and deteriorated exophthalmos. These findings showed that the total surgical excision and subsequent reconstruction provided adequate decompression and prevented further ocular complications from the orbital wall defect.
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Mazda K Turel, Christopher J Chin, Allan D Vescan, Fred Gentili
With the use and efficacy of the vascularized nasoseptal flap, its indications are also expanding. Due to its relative ease of harvesting and no significant impairment in the long-term sinonasal quality of life, the flap has been used for a number of other purposes apart from its originally proposed use in reconstruction of the anterior cranial fossa, sella, and the clivus. Its use may negate the need of another incision to obtain fat or fascia. The authors describe the case of a 47-year-old lady who underwent endoscopic excision of a medially placed orbital intraconal hemangioma who presented to us with very poor vision in the left eye...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Cheng-Chia Lee, Jason P Sheehan, Hideyuki Kano, Berkcan Akpinar, Roberto Martinez-Alvarez, Nuria Martinez-Moreno, Wan-Yuo Guo, L Dade Lunsford, Kang-Du Liu
OBJECTIVE Cavernous sinus hemangiomas (CSHs) are rare vascular tumors. A direct microsurgical approach usually results in massive hemorrhage and incomplete tumor resection. Although stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has emerged as a therapeutic alternative to microsurgery, outcome studies are few. Authors of the present study evaluated the role of SRS for CSH. METHODS An international multicenter study was conducted to review outcome data in 31 patients with CSH. Eleven patients had initial microsurgery before SRS, and the other 20 patients (64...
June 24, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Jonathan Theodore Gondi, Suhasini Gazula, A Rajasekhar, G Usharani
Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are common, benign vascular tumors of infancy, with more than half affecting the head and neck region. IHs involving the lips and oral cavity can often present to the oral surgeon and the pedodontist. Till date, several doubts exist among clinicians regarding the use of propranolol to treat infantile hemangiomas in neonates and small infants, appropriate dose, treatment duration, side effects, response, and long-term follow-up. We present a 2-month-old male infant with extensive hemangioma involving the face, orbit, buccal mucosa and palate with feeding difficulties, and risk of life-threatening complications such as airway compromise, aspiration, and visual loss which showed excellent response with high-dose propranolol and had no side effects...
April 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Gary M Heir, Richard Chan Park, Steven R Singer
Pain is among the most common reasons for patient visits to healthcare providers, especially to dental practitioners. This case illustrates the obligation of the general dentist and specialist to recognize facial pain disorders of nonodontogenic origin, and outlines a paradigm for treatment of this unusual case. A 59-year-old man presented with chronic, progressive right periorbital pain since 2006, of 7 years duration. The initial diagnosis was a fracture of the right outer rim of the orbit secondary to trauma...
2016: Quintessence International
Giant C Lin, Suzanne K Freitag, Armine Kocharyan, Michael K Yoon, Daniel R Lefebvre, Benjamin S Bleier
OBJECTIVE: The medial rectus muscle (MRM) is the medial boundary to the intraconal space of the orbit, and retraction of the MRM is oftentimes necessary for endoscopic removal of intraconal tumors, e.g., orbital hemangioma. We evaluated each of the reported methods of MRM retraction for endoscopic orbital surgery and quantified the degree of intraconal exposure conferred by each method. METHODS: Eight orbits from four cadaver heads were dissected. In each orbit, medial orbital decompression was performed and the MRM was retracted by using four previously described techniques: (1) external MRM retraction at the globe insertion point by using vessel loop (external group), (2) transseptal MRM retraction by using vessel loop (transseptal group), (3) transchoanal retraction of the MRM by using vessel loop (choanal group), and (4) transseptal four-handed technique by using double ball retraction by a second surgeon (transseptal double ball group)...
May 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Wei-Hsin Yuan, Tai-Chi Lin, Jiing-Feng Lirng, Wan-You Guo, Fu-Pang Chang, Donald Ming-Tak Ho
BACKGROUND: Granular cell tumors are rare neoplasms which can occur in any part of the body. Granular cell tumors of the orbit account for only 3 % of all granular cell tumor cases. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the orbit have proven useful for diagnosing orbital tumors. However, the rarity of intraorbital granular cell tumors poses a significant diagnostic challenge for both clinicians and radiologists. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 37-year-old Chinese woman with a rare intraocular granular cell tumor of her right eye presenting with diplopia, proptosis, and restriction of ocular movement...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Tun Hang Yeo, Bernard C S Ho, Eugenie W Poh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Ophthalmology
A Ducasse, J C Merol, F Bonnet, F Litré, C Arndt, I Larré
Orbital tumors are a rather frequent pathology. Their diagnosis and treatment may be difficult. They can be benign or malignant. All the tissues of the orbit can give rise to a tumor, resulting in their large number. Among the benign tumors, we have meningiomas and cavernous hemangiomas, and for the malignant tumors, lymphomas, metastasis, ENT tumors and lacrimal gland tumors in the adult. Usually the signs are nonspecific, with proptosis, oculomotor disturbance, inflammatory signs, pain and sometimes a mass...
April 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Olalere Omoyosola Gbolahan, Oluyemi Fasina, Akinyele Olumuyiwa Adisa, Olubayo A Fasola
Spindle cell hemangioma (SCH) is an uncommon tumor that usually presents as subcutaneous or deep dermal nodule affecting the extremities and is typically <2 cm in size. A few cases have been reported in the head and neck region. To the best of the authors' knowledge, there are no previous reports of SCH occurring in the orbit in the English literature. We, therefore, report the case of a large SCH involving the right orbit of a healthy 9-year-old Nigerian girl.
September 2015: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Vishal Vohra, Pulkit Gupta, Praveen K Malik, Ashok Pathak
Capillary hemangioma is one the most common tumors of eyelid and orbit reported in pediatric age group. Oral propranolol therapy is latest addition to the armamentarium of treatment options available to ophthalmologists in treating capillary hemangiomas. We report the successful response to propranolol therapy to a 5-year-old child with capillary hemangioma involving lids, orbit, and the paranasal sinuses. A long-term follow-up is necessary for the prognostic efficacy of the therapy.
September 2015: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Wilfredo-Alejandro González-Arriagada, Márcio-Américo Dias, Pedro-de Souza Dias, Marisol Martínez-Martínez, Marcondes Sena-Filho, Oslei-Paes de Almeida
UNLABELLED: Vascular lesions have been classified in two broad categories, hemangiomas and malformations. Encapsulated vascular lesions have not been reported in the oral cavity, but they were described in other sites, mainly in the orbit. Herein, we present a case of an oral encapsulated vascular lesion located in the right buccal mucosa of a 69-year-old male, including histological and immunohistochemical description and a literature review. KEY WORDS: Buccal mucosa, hemangioma, vascular malformation, oral cavity...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Jing Li, Xin Ge, Xiaona Wang, Xiao Liu, Jianmin Ma
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the potential involvement of local complement system gene expression in the pathogenesis of benign lymphoepithelial lesions (BLEL) of the lacrimal gland. METHODS: We collected data from 9 consecutive pathologically confirmed patients with BLEL of the lacrimal gland and 9 cases with orbital cavernous hemangioma as a control group, and adopted whole genome microarray to screen complement system-related differential genes, followed by RT-PCR verification and in-depth enrichment analysis (Gene Ontology analysis) of the gene sets...
2016: PloS One
David Meyer, Caroline Gooding
To present our recent experience with intralesional bleomycin (IBI) in nonmelanoma extraocular tumors, and present previous experience on periocular capillary hemangiomas and orbital lymphangiomas in a tertiary referral hospital. This was a retrospective descriptive study of patients with eyelid and extraocular malignancies where conventional therapies failed, or surgery was contraindicated or refused and were offered IBI as an alternate therapy. All patients were recruited from the Oculoplastics Clinic at Tygerberg Academic Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa...
October 2015: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Benjamin S Bleier, Paolo Castelnuovo, Paolo Battaglia, Mario Turri-Zanoni, Iacopo Dallan, Ralph Metson, Ahmad R Sedaghat, S Tonya Stefko, Paul A Gardner, Carl H Snyderman, Joao Flavio Nogueira, Vijay R Ramakrishnan, Luca Muscatello, Riccardo Lenzi, Suzanne Freitag
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic orbital surgery represents the next frontier in endonasal surgery. The current literature is largely composed of small, heterogeneous, case series with little consensus regarding optimal techniques. The purpose of this study was to combine the experience of multiple international centers to create a composite of the global experience on the endoscopic management of a single type of tumor, the orbital cavernous hemangioma (OCH). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of techniques for endoscopic OCH resection from 6 centers on 3 continents...
February 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Nina K Antonov, Allyson Spence-Shishido, Kalyani S Marathe, Brook Tlougan, Michael Kazim, Sally Sultan, Christopher P Hess, Kimberly D Morel, Ilona J Frieden, Maria C Garzon
We present two cases of infants with a similar constellation of clinical findings: retro-orbital infantile hemangioma (IH), internal carotid artery (ICA) arteriopathy, and intracranial IH. In both cases, intracranial vascular anomalies and hemangiomas were found incidentally during evaluation of unilateral proptosis. Neither infant had evidence of cutaneous segmental IH of the face or neck, which might have provided a clue to the diagnosis of PHACE syndrome or of intracranial hemangiomas. In one case, intracranial involvement was particularly extensive and function threatening, with mass effect on the brain parenchyma...
November 2015: Pediatric Dermatology
Jian-Min Ma, Yi-Xin Cui, Xin Ge, Jing Li, Jin-Ru Li, Xiao-Na Wang
AIM: To identify the association of the T cell receptor (TCR) signaling with the development of benign lymphoepithelial lesions (BLEL) of the lacrimal gland. METHODS: We collected affected lacrimal gland tissues from 9 patients who underwent dacryoadenectomy in the Capital Medical University Beijing Tongren Hospital Eye Center between August 2010 and March 2013 and were confirmed to have lacrimal gland BLEL by histopathological analysis. Tumor tissues from 9 patients with orbital cavernous hemangioma were also collected and used as control...
2015: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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