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Physical activity nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814401/effects-of-protein-supplementation-combined-with-resistance-exercise-on-body-composition-and-physical-function-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Chun-De Liao, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Yen-Tzu Wu, Chin-Pao Cheng, Hui-Chuen Chen, Yi-Ching Huang, Hung-Chou Chen, Tsan-Hon Liou
Background: Overweight and obese older people face a high risk of muscle loss and impaired physical function, which may contribute to sarcopenic obesity. Resistance exercise training (RET) has a beneficial effect on muscle protein synthesis and can be augmented by protein supplementation (PS). However, whether body weight affects the augmentation of muscular and functional performance in response to PS in older people undergoing RET remains unclear.Objective: This study was conducted to identify the effects of PS on the body composition and physical function of older people undergoing RET...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814392/temporal-eating-patterns-associations-with-nutrient-intakes-diet-quality-and-measures-of-adiposity
#2
Rebecca M Leech, Anna Timperio, Katherine M Livingstone, Anthony Worsley, Sarah A McNaughton
Background: Some evidence suggests that higher energy intake (EI) later in the day is associated with poor diet quality and obesity. However, EI at one eating occasion (EO) is also dependent on EI at surrounding EOs. Studies that examine the distribution of EOs across the day are rare.Objective: The aim of this study was to examine associations between temporal eating patterns, nutrient intakes, diet quality, and measures of adiposity in a representative sample of Australian adults.Design: Dietary data from two 24-h recalls collected during the cross-sectional 2011-2012 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were analyzed (n = 4544 adults, aged ≥19 y)...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814133/behavioral-and-psychosocial-characteristics-among-head-start-childcare-providers
#3
Jiying Ling
The aim of the study was twofold: (a) describe behavioral and psychosocial characteristics of Head Start childcare providers including technology use, physical activity, nutrition, depression, and quality of life and (b) examine associations among these characteristics. Using a cross-sectional design, a nonrandom sample of 80 Head Start childcare providers completed an online survey via SurveyMonkey. About 80.1% were overweight or obese. Nearly all had a computer or smartphone. About 55% met the national physical activity recommendation of 150 min/week...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809663/promoting-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-people-with-stroke
#4
Ryan R Bailey
The prevalence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity is high in people with stroke. Risk factors for these conditions include hypertension, high cholesterol, and physical inactivity. These risk factors are common in people with stroke and often go unmanaged. Engagement in healthy behaviors is important for managing and preventing these risk factors and comorbid conditions. More specifically, physical activity and nutrition are key health behaviors for the management and maintenance of health in people with stroke...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808093/are-disagreements-in-caregiver-and-patient-assessment-of-patient-health-associated-with-increased-caregiver-burden-in-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-cancer
#5
Tina Hsu, Matthew Loscalzo, Rupal Ramani, Stephen Forman, Leslie Popplewell, Karen Clark, Vani Katheria, Rex Strowbridge, Redmond Rinehart, Dan Smith, Keith Matthews, Jeff Dillehunt, Tao Feng, David Smith, Canlan Sun, Arti Hurria
BACKGROUND: As patients age, caregivers increasingly provide essential support and patient information. We sought to determine if patient-caregiver assessments of patient health differ and if differences contribute to burden in caregivers of older adults with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients, aged ≥65, and their caregivers independently assessed patient function, comorbidity, nutrition, social activity, social support, and mental health. Caregivers completed the Caregiver Strain Index (CSI)...
August 14, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806904/a-falls-prevention-programme-to-improve-quality-of-life-physical-function-and-falls-efficacy-in-older-people-receiving-home-help-services-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Maria Bjerk, Therese Brovold, Dawn A Skelton, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: Falls and fall-related injuries in older adults are associated with great burdens, both for the individuals, the health care system and the society. Previous research has shown evidence for the efficiency of exercise as falls prevention. An understudied group are older adults receiving home help services, and the effect of a falls prevention programme on health-related quality of life is unclear. The primary aim of this randomised controlled trial is to examine the effect of a falls prevention programme on quality of life, physical function and falls efficacy in older adults receiving home help services...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806753/accelerometer-derived-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-by-cancer-type-in-the-united-states
#7
Keith M Thraen-Borowski, Keith P Gennuso, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
The 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were among the first population-level studies to incorporate objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior, allowing for greater understanding of these behaviors. However, there has yet to be a comprehensive examination of these data in cancer survivors, including short- and long-term survivors of all cancer types. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis was to use these data to describe activity behaviors in short- and long-term cancer survivors of various types...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803581/nutrition-facts-panel-use-is-associated-with-diet-quality-and-dietary-patterns-among-latinos-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Grace Kollannoor-Samuel, Sofia Segura-Pérez, Fatma M Shebl, Nicola L Hawley, Grace Damio, Jyoti Chhabra, Sonia Vega-López, Maria Luz Fernandez, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: The study aims were to (i) identify determinants of Nutrition Facts Panel (NFP) use and (ii) describe the association between NFP use and dietary intake among Latinos with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Baseline cross-sectional data from a clinical trial were used to assess the association between NFP use and dietary intake. Diet was measured using two methods: (i) a diet quality score (the Healthy Eating Index-2010) derived from a single 24 h recall and (ii) dietary pattern (exploratory factor analyses) from an FFQ...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802724/juvenile-body-mass-estimation-a-methodological-evaluation
#9
Libby Cowgill
Two attempts have been made to develop body mass prediction formulae specifically for immature remains: Ruff (Ruff, C.C., 2007, Body size prediction from juvenile skeletal remains. American Journal Physical Anthropology 133, 698-716) and Robbins et al. (Robbins, G., Sciulli, P.W., Blatt, S.H., 2010. Estimating body mass in subadult human skeletons. American Journal Physical Anthropology 143, 146-150). While both were developed from the same reference population, they differ in their independent variable selection: Ruff (2008) used measures of metaphyseal and articular surface size to predict body mass in immature remains, whereas Robbins et al...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802301/sleep-duration-s-association-with-diet-physical-activity-mental-status-and-weight-among-korean-high-school-students
#10
Jounghee Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sleep deprivation is a critical public health problem, especially in Korean adolescents. This study aimed to identify the association between sleep duration and dietary behaviors, physical activity, mental status, and nutritional status among high school students in South Korea. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Based on the data collected from the 2014 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, 31,407 high school students who met the inclusion criteria were selected and the association between sleep duration and selected health risk factors was identified using multivariable logistic regression models...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799790/review-comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-decontaminating-strategies-for-fresh-fruits-and-vegetables-and-related-limitations
#11
Jae-Hyun Yoon, Sun-Young Lee
Given that it should be aware of the nutritional benefits, resulting from the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed raw and/or minimally processed, comparing the efficacy of different individual sanitizing methods against the major food-borne pathogens localized in fresh commodities is of much importance; these products are easily vulnerable to the microbial contamination. In this review, the current propensity of alternative sanitizing methods was introduced, as well as principal elements for deteriorating the cleaning effects were also discussed...
August 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795218/atopy-and-prostate-cancer-is-there-a-link-between-circulating-levels-of-ige-and-psa-in-humans
#12
Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Sophia N Karagiannis, Sabine Rohrmann
BACKGROUND: Atopy has been investigated as a potential risk factor for prostate cancer. IgE antibodies may be major players in protective responses against tumours, through engendering antigen presentation and enhancing adaptive immune responses targeted towards a specific allergen, but potentially also against tumour-associated antigens such as prostate-specific antigen (PSA). We therefore cross-sectionally investigated associations between circulating levels of PSA and IgE in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006...
August 9, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794802/healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-adult-clinic-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Steven S Coughlin, Christos Hatzigeorgiou, Judith Anglin, Ding Xie, Gina M Besenyi, Gianluca De Leo, Jessica Stewart, Thad Wilkins
BACKGROUND: Diet and exercise therapy have been reported to be effective in improving blood glucose control and are an important part of treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to examine the efficacy of a healthy lifestyle intervention for adult clinic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, as measured by Hgb-A1c, cardiovascular indicators, physical activity, weight, and BMI. Also of interest are optimal strategies for subject recruitment, the number of intervention sessions attended, and participant use of the Fitbit watch to monitor their physical activity and track food and beverage consumption...
2017: Diabetes Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793946/training-primary-care-providers-in-the-use-of-motivational-interviewing-for-youth-behavior-change
#14
Monique K Vallabhan, Alberta S Kong, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Linda C Summers, Conni J DeBlieck, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adolescent obesity is a global epidemic. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a promising strategy to address adolescent obesity risk behaviors. However, primary care providers (PCPs) tend to express discomfort with learning and adopting MI practices and with addressing patient weight issues. PCP proficiency in using MI to discuss body mass index, health screening results, and nutrition and physical activity behaviors after receiving training and coaching from an MI expert and practicing the technique was evaluated...
August 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792485/operational-details-of-the-five-domains-model-and-its-key-applications-to-the-assessment-and-management-of-animal-welfare
#15
REVIEW
David J Mellor
In accord with contemporary animal welfare science understanding, the Five Domains Model has a significant focus on subjective experiences, known as affects, which collectively contribute to an animal's overall welfare state. Operationally, the focus of the Model is on the presence or absence of various internal physical/functional states and external circumstances that give rise to welfare-relevant negative and/or positive mental experiences, i.e., affects. The internal states and external circumstances of animals are evaluated systematically by referring to each of the first four domains of the Model, designated "Nutrition", "Environment", "Health" and "Behaviour"...
August 9, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792413/human-reproduction-and-health-an-evolutionary-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Grazyna Jasienska, Richard G Bribiescas, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Samuli Helle, Alejandra Núñez-de la Mora
According to life history theory, increased investment in reproductive function (physiology and behaviour) at different times throughout the life course affects the risk of many diseases and, ultimately, longevity. Although genetic factors contribute to interindividual and interpopulation variation in reproductive traits, the dominant source of variability is phenotypic plasticity during development and adult life. Reproductive traits in both sexes evolved sensitivity to ecological conditions, as reflected in contemporary associations of hormone concentrations with geographical setting, nutritional status, and physical activity level...
July 29, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791978/comparison-of-obesity-overweight-and-elevated-blood-pressure-in-children-attending-public-and-private-primary-schools-in-benin-city-nigeria
#17
W E Sadoh, Y T Israel-Aina, A E Sadoh, J E Uduebor, M Shaibu, E Ogonor, F C Enugwuna
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in children, and adolescents is on the rise globally. Affected children are prone to cardio-metabolic problems later in life, especially hypertension. The prevalence of obesity/overweight may differ depending on school type. Private schools are attended mostly by children of the affluent, while public schools are attended predominantly by those in the low and middle socio-economic classes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of overweight, obesity and elevated blood pressure (BP) in pupils attending public and private primary schools in an urban community in Nigeria...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783384/clinical-physical-physiological-and-dietary-patterns-of-obese-and-sedentary-adults-with-primary-hypertension-characterized-by-sex-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-exerdiet-hta-study
#18
Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Pablo Corres, Borja Jurio-Iriarte, Aitor Martínez-Aguirre, Javier Pérez-Asenjo, Gualberto R Aispuru, Lide Arenaza, Estibaliz Romaratezabala, Iñaki Arratibel-Imaz, Iñigo Mujika, Silvia Francisco-Terreros, Sara Maldonado-Martín
The main purpose of this study was to determine some key physical, physiological, clinical, and nutritional markers of health status in obese and sedentary adults (54.0 ± 8.1 years, 141 men and 68 women) with primary hypertension (HTN) characterized by sex and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) level. The studied population showed a high cardiovascular risk (CVR) profile including metabolically abnormal obese, with poor CRF level (22.5 ± 5.6 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)), exercise-induced HTN (Systolic Blood Pressure>210 mmHg in men and >190 mmHg in women at the end of the exercise test) and with non-healthy adherence to dietary pattern (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, 46...
August 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781939/factors-affecting-sarcopenia-in-korean-adults-by-age-groups
#19
Eun-Jung Bae, Yun-Hee Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate factors affecting sarcopenia in different age groups among Korean adults aged 20 years or older. METHODS: In this secondary analysis, data were collected from records for 17,968, participants who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 2008-2011. Data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression to determine the associated factors of sarcopenia by age groups. RESULTS: The prevalence of sarcopenia increased significantly with age...
June 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780476/health-behaviour-information-provided-to-clients-during-midwife-led-prenatal-booking-visits-findings-from-video-analyses
#20
Ruth Baron, Linda Martin, Janneke T Gitsels-van der Wal, Janneke Noordman, Martijn W Heymans, Evelien R Spelten, Johannes Brug, Eileen K Hutton
OBJECTIVE: to quantify to what extent evidence-based health behaviour topics relevant for pregnancy are discussed with clients during midwife-led prenatal booking visits and to assess the association of client characteristics with the extent of information provided. DESIGN: quantitative video analyses. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 173 video recordings of prenatal booking visits with primary care midwives and clients in the Netherlands taking place between August 2010 and April 2011...
July 10, 2017: Midwifery
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