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Physical activity nutrition

Bernardo Costa-Pinel, Santiago Mestre-Miravet, Francisco Barrio-Torrell, Joan-Josep Cabré-Vila, Xavier Cos-Claramunt, Sofía Aguilar-Sanz, Claustre Solé-Brichs, Conxa Castell-Abat, Victoria Arija-Val, Jaana Lindström
BACKGROUND: The DE-PLAN-CAT project (Diabetes in Europe-Prevention using lifestyle, physical activity and nutritional intervention-Catalonia) has shown that an intensive lifestyle intervention is feasible in the primary care setting and substantially reduces the incidence of diabetes among high-risk Mediterranean participants. The DP-TRANSFERS project (Diabetes Prevention-Transferring findings from European research to society) is a large-scale national programme aimed at implementing this intervention in primary care centres whenever feasible...
2018: PloS One
L Vincze, M E Rollo, M J Hutchesson, R Callister, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: A tailored approach to nutrition and physical activity advice can support women following childbirth in managing barriers (i.e. time and childcare) to making healthy lifestyle changes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the implementation, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a personally tailored nutrition and exercise programme for postpartum women delivered via video-consultations by an accredited practising dietitian (APD) and accredited exercise physiologist (AEP)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Heather Hayes Betz, Joey C Eisenmann, Kelly R Laurson, Katrina D DuBose, Mathew J Reeves, Joseph J Carlson, Karin A Pfeiffer
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the independent and combined association of physical activity and body mass index (BMI) with blood pressure in youth. METHODS: Youth aged 8-18 years from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) with BMI, blood pressure, and physical activity (accelerometer) were included in the analyses. A total of 2585 subjects (1303 males; 47% of all 8- to 18-year-olds) met these criteria. RESULTS: Obese youth had a systolic blood pressure that was 8 mm Hg higher than normal weight youth...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
Jeffrey W Jordan, Carolyn A Stalgaitis, John Charles, Patrick A Madden, Anjana G Radhakrishnan, Daniel Saggese
PURPOSE: Peer crowds are macro-level subcultures that share similarities across geographic areas. Over the past decade, dozens of studies have explored the association between adolescent peer crowds and risk behaviors, and how they can inform public health efforts. However, despite the interest, researchers have not yet reported on crowd size and risk levels from a representative sample, making it difficult for practitioners to apply peer crowd science to interventions. The current study reports findings from the first statewide representative sample of adolescent peer crowd identification and health behaviors...
February 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Bente T Jensen, Susanne V Lauridsen, Jørgen B Jensen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Whether prehabilitation in radical cystectomy adds to the effort of reducing postoperative morbidity and impairments in the survivorship phase has until recently received limited attention. This narrative review aims to summarize the current evidence base on prehabilitaion interventions focusing on the efficacy of procedure-specific interventions and the influence on postoperative outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Given the oncological risk, there is a relative short window to intervene and proactively optimize the patient before radical cystectomy...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
Alberto Raggi, Licia Grazzi, Stefania Bianchi Marzoli, Paola Ciasca, Luisa Chiapparini, Alessandra Erbetta, Giuseppe Faragò, Matilde Leonardi, Domenico D'Amico
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is associated with obesity, and weight loss is important to reduce intracranial pressure and improve visual function. A 38-year-old woman with IIH followed an extreme diet, which resulted in 30% weight loss (BMI moved from 34.9 to 24.6). Weight loss resulted in a significant reduction of papilloedema, normalization of intracranial pressure and improvement in headache pattern, but also induced a state of initial malnutrition, relevant depression and disability. She was discharged with the indication to start a controlled diet and improve physical activity: clinical situation get back to stability, with the patient loosing further weight (BMI=21...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
P Cordero, J Li, J A Oben
Obesity is the pandemic of the 21st century. Obesity comorbidities, including hypertension, dyslipidaemia and glucose intolerance define metabolic syndrome, which increases mortality risk and decreases the quality of life. Compared with lifestyles (diet and physical activity) and pharmacological interventions, bariatric surgery is by far the most effective treatment for obesity and its comorbidities. This minimally invasive surgical treatment is based on an increase of satiety (by hormonal regulation and decreasing stomach volume) or a decrease in nutrient retention (gastric and/or intestinal resection)...
December 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Deborah S Fetter, Rachel Erin Scherr, Jessica D Linnell, Madan Dharmar, Sara E Schaefer, Sheri Zidenberg-Cherr
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity has been shown to have a wide range of beneficial health effects, yet few youth meet the United States physical activity recommendation of 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) everyday. The objective of this study was to determine whether physical activity patterns improved in a subsample of fourth-graders participating in the multicomponent intervention, the Shaping Healthy Choices Program (SHCP). METHODS: At pre- and post-intervention assessments, youth at the control and intervention schools wore a Polar Active monitor on their nondominant wrist 24 h/d for at least 2 consecutive days...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Julianne Payne, Laurie Cluff, Jason Lang, Dyann Matson-Koffman, Antonio Morgan-Lopez
PURPOSE: We investigated the impact of elements of a workplace culture of health (COH) on employees' perceptions of employer support for health and lifestyle risk. DESIGN: We used 2013 and 2015 survey data from the National Healthy Worksite Program, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-led initiative to help workplaces implement health-promoting interventions. SETTING: Forty-one employers completed the CDC Worksite Health Scorecard to document organizational changes...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Rui Zhang, Changwei Li, Tingting Liu, Liqiang Zheng, Shengxu Li
Background: Previous studies have reported that handgrip strength, a measure of muscular fitness, is associated with cardiovascular risk factors. However, the association of handgrip strength with blood pressure in children has been inconsistent. We tested the association of handgrip strength with systolic and diastolic blood pressure in children and adolescents from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014. Methods: The study included 3,929 participants aged 8-19 years who underwent a handgrip test...
February 26, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Çiğdem Çetin, Fatma Cebeci
Information technology and the Internet are rapidly becoming effective tools for teaching. Selfmanagement skills are important for adaptation and long-term survival in kidney recipients. Web-based training may help patients develop self-management skills through information access. This literature review aimed to determine the effects of Web-based educational intervention on self-management in kidney recipients. The Internet supports effective health education intervention strategies by providing a learning environment that is always available...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Noriko Ishii, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction and purpose: Patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) have long been known to have high rates of depression. Depression in patients with PC can be linked to sleep disturbance. The American College of Sports Medicine notes that physical exercise is safe for most patients with cancer and physical inactivity should be avoided. However, clinical impacts of exercise interventions (EIs) on patients with PC have been poorly investigated. We aim to prospectively examine the effect of EIs on sleep disturbance in patients with PC using actigraphy, which is an objective measurement of motor activity and sleep...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Noriko Ishii, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction and purpose: Sarcopenia is defined as a decrease in muscle mass and muscle strength, and it has been demonstrated to be an adverse predictor in numerous types of cancers. Exercise therapy (ET) carries multiple health benefits in several diseases. Despite these clinical benefits, there are limited data available regarding patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) undergoing ET. We aim to prospectively examine the effect of ET on sarcopenia in patients with PC. Methods and analysis: All clinical stages of PC can be included...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Noriko Ishii, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction: In most chronic pancreatitis (CP) cases, malabsorption, pain, and weight loss are the leading clinical symptoms, which significantly worsen the quality of life (QOL) and decreased QOL in patients with CP can cause sleep disorder. There is a growing body of evidence that recognises the favourable effects of physical exercise (PE), however, there are limited data currently available concerning patients with CP undergoing PE. Actigram is a device for gathering objective sleep/awake data in the natural sleeping surroundings over an extended time period...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Rachel L Vollmer
OBJECTIVE: To understand how fathers of preschool-aged children define overweight and obesity in children, investigate how fathers influence or attempt to influence their child's nutrition and physical activity behavior, and explore the father's perceived role in making decisions regarding his child's weight status. METHODS: Explorative study using an online survey, with 9 open-ended questions. Content analysis using constant comparative method was applied to data...
March 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
S Yuan, H J Yu, M W Liu, Y Huang, X H Yang, B W Tang, Y Song, Z K Cao, H J Wu, Q Q He, D Gasevic
OBJECTIVES: Findings regarding the benefits of fruit and vegetables (FV) on weight control are inconsistent and little is known among Chinese populations. Therefore, we examined the relationship between change in FV consumption, weight, and change in body mass index (BMI) among Chinese adults, participants of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. METHODS: Two waves of CHNS conducted in 2006 and 2011 were used...
March 7, 2018: Public Health
Beáta Gavurová, Matúš Kubák, Michal Šoltés, Miroslav Barták, Tatiana Vagašová
AIM: To describe the time trends, age and sex distribution of death from diabetes mellitus (E10-E14) as a significant part of endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E90), during 1996-2014 in the Slovak regions, and to estimate the influence of social characteristics on mortality. METHODS: Secondary data on deaths during 1996-2014 were gathered from the National Health Information Center in the Slovak Republic. The total crude death rate per 100,000 of the standard Slovak population and age-standardized death rate per 100,000 of the standard European population were calculated by direct standardization...
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Joanna Zapolska, Katarzyna Witczak-Sawczuk, Maryna Krawczuk-Rybak, Małgorzata Sawicka-Żukowska, Joanna Smarkusz, Lucyna Ostrowska
Background: Properly balanced diet and exercise are an essential element of healthy living for children and adolescents. Particular attention should be paid to nutrition and physical activity among juniors after cancer treatment, which is one of the most important elements of the convalescence period. Objective: The aim of the study was a comparative analysis of diet, physical activity of healthy children and adolescents with patients after cancer treatment. Material and methods: The study involved 60 children and adolescents; 30 healthy juniors and 30 patients after treatment for cancer...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Juliano Soares Rabello Moreira, Tatiana Pedroso de Paula, Luiza Ferreira Sperb, Maria Elisa Peinado Miller, Mirela Jobim de Azevedo, Luciana Verçoza Viana
AIMS: To evaluate nutritional and metabolic parameters associated with vitamin D status and blood pressure (BP) in type 2 diabetes and hypertensive patients. METHODS: BP evaluated by office and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). Physical activity was evaluated by daily step count, body composition by DXA, and diet by a food frequency questionnaire. RESULTS: 116 patients were evaluated and median 25-hydroxyvitamin D level was 21 (16-27) ng/ml; 43% deficient (<20 ng/ml)...
March 5, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
S A Darfour-Oduro, J E Andrade, D S Grigsby-Toussaint
Background: Inadequate physical activity (PA) and consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) are known risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Consequently, the World Health Organization (WHO) encourages the development of policies to increase PA and FV consumption. We reviewed available policies between 2004 and 2013 to increase FV consumption and PA from a convenience sample of 49 LMICs. Method: Information on national policies were obtained from government ministries involved with the formulation of nutrition and PA policies, WHO databases and from PubMed and Scopus...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Public Health
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