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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678807/digital-inequalities-in-the-use-of-self-tracking-diet-and-fitness-apps-interview-study-on-the-influence-of-social-economic-and-cultural-factors
#1
Faustine Régnier, Louis Chauvel
BACKGROUND: Digital devices are driving economic and social transformations, but assessing the uses, perceptions, and impact of these new technologies on diet and physical activity remains a major societal challenge. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine under which social, economic, and cultural conditions individuals in France were more likely to be actively invested in the use of self-tracking diet and fitness apps for better health behaviors. METHODS: Existing users of 3 diet and fitness self-tracking apps (Weight Watchers, MyFitnessPal, and sport apps) were recruited from 3 regions of France...
April 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672181/pilates-physical-activity-and-diet-survey-an-italian-self-administered-questionnaire-evaluating-diet-habits-of-gym-goers-validation-process
#2
Vincenza Gianfredi, Daniele Nucci, Francesco Ceccarelli, Milena Villarini, Massimo Moretti
PILATES study aims are to assess the main characteristics related to food habits, diet behaviors, and nutrition knowledge and how and where gym-goers get information on dietary supplementation. We present evidence for the reliability, feasibility, and construct validity of the PILATES questionnaire. Cohen's kappa statistic (k) for dichotomous variables was used to assess the agreement between the two administrations (interrater agreement). The nutrient composition and energy of food were derived from the Food Composition Database for Epidemiological Studies in Italy (Banca Dati di Composizione degli Alimenti per Studi Epidemiologici in Italia - BDA)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669711/an-exercise-intervention-to-unravel-the-mechanisms-underlying-insulin-resistance-in-a-cohort-of-black-south-african-women-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-baseline-characteristics-of-participants
#3
Julia H Goedecke, Amy E Mendham, Louise Clamp, Pamela A Nono Nankam, Melony C Fortuin-de Smidt, Lindokuhle Phiri, Lisa K Micklesfield, Dheshnie Keswell, Nicholas J Woudberg, Sandrine Lecour, Ali Alhamud, Mamadou Kaba, Faith M Lutomia, Paul J van Jaarsveld, Anniza de Villiers, Steven E Kahn, Elin Chorell, Jon Hauksson, Tommy Olsson
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in black African women is complex and differs from that in their white counterparts. However, earlier studies have been cross-sectional and provide little insight into the causal pathways. Exercise training is consistently used as a model to examine the mechanisms underlying insulin resistance and risk for T2D. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the mechanisms underlying the changes in insulin sensitivity and secretion in response to a 12-week exercise intervention in obese black South African (SA) women...
April 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669703/physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-diet-related-ehealth-and-mhealth-research-bibliometric-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Andre Matthias Müller, Carol A Maher, Corneel Vandelanotte, Melanie Hingle, Anouk Middelweerd, Michael L Lopez, Ann DeSmet, Camille E Short, Nicole Nathan, Melinda J Hutchesson, Louise Poppe, Catherine B Woods, Susan L Williams, Petra A Wark
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) approaches to address low physical activity levels, sedentary behavior, and unhealthy diets have received significant research attention. However, attempts to systematically map the entirety of the research field are lacking. This gap can be filled with a bibliometric study, where publication-specific data such as citations, journals, authors, and keywords are used to provide a systematic overview of a specific field...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667132/obesity-and-episodic-memory-function
#5
REVIEW
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith
Obesity-related lifestyle factors, such as physical activity behavior and dietary intake, have been shown to be associated with episodic memory function. From animal work, there is considerable biological plausibility linking obesity with worse memory function. There are no published systematic reviews evaluating the effects of obesity on episodic memory function among humans, and examining whether physical activity and diet influences this obesity-memory link. Thus, the purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the totality of research examining whether obesity is associated with episodic memory function, and whether physical activity and dietary behavior confounds this relationship...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666042/relationship-between-evidence-requirements-user-expectations-and-actual-experiences-usability-evaluation-of-the-twazon-arabic-weight-loss-app
#6
Aroub Alnasser, Janet Kyle, Abdulrahman Alkhalifah, Debbi Marais
BACKGROUND: Saudi Arabia has faced a steady growth in the prevalence of obesity. The concurrent and ubiquitous use of mobile technology, such as smartphones and apps, provides an opportunity for the implementation of mHealth technology, a method for delivering behavioral interventions. Despite their effectiveness in promoting lifestyle and diet modification, culturally adapted weight loss apps and related interventions are lacking in Gulf Cooperation Council countries. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to identify the relationship between adherence to evidence-informed practices, potential user expectations, and actual user experiences in order to enhance the understanding of the overall usability of the Twazon Arabic weight loss app...
April 17, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665478/developing-an-obesity-intervention-in-micronesia-from-needs-assessment-to-planning
#7
Ann Futterman Collier, Suzanne Daiss, Everlynn Temengil, Samantha Cody Russell, Julia Caroline Miller, Fumiana M Renguul
Evidence-based obesity reduction programs in the Pacific are scarce to nonexistent. Using a community-based participatory research model (CBPR) we developed a collaboration between our university and a small Pacific Island nation. We established an advisory council of local stakeholders and then conducted an extensive needs assessment with youth, parents, professionals, and lay public. Only 9% of participants had tried a weight loss program. There was a strong tendency to engage in binge-eating cycles; difficulty eating healthy during frequent community celebrations with few healthy food options available in general; and limited traditions that involved physical activity...
April 5, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661088/perceived-versus-actual-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-by-race-and-ethnicity
#8
Kyeongra Yang, Lynn M Baniak, Christopher C Imes, JiYeon Choi, Eileen R Chasens
Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine associations between perceived risk and actual risk of type 2 diabetes by race and/or ethnicity. Methods The study sample included 10 999 adults from the 2011 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Sociodemographic, clinical, and behavioral data were collected using interviews and physical examinations. Participants were asked if they felt at risk for diabetes or prediabetes and then asked the reasons why. Data analyses were conducted with SAS to properly analyze complex survey data...
April 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659926/evidence-based-cancer-prevention-recommendations-for-japanese
#9
S Sasazuki, M Inoue, T Shimazu, K Wakai, M Naito, C Nagata, K Tanaka, I Tsuji, Y Sugawara, T Mizoue, K Matsuo, H Ito, A Tamakoshi, N Sawada, T Nakayama, Y Kitamura, A Sadakane, S Tsugane
A comprehensive evidence-based cancer prevention recommendation for Japanese was developed. We evaluated the magnitude of the associations of lifestyle factors and infection with cancer through a systematic review of the literature, meta-analysis of published data, and pooled analysis of cohort studies in Japan. Then, we judged the strength of evidence based on the consistency of the associations between exposure and cancer and biological plausibility. Important factors were extracted and summarized as an evidence-based, current cancer prevention recommendation: 'Cancer Prevention Recommendation for Japanese'...
April 12, 2018: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653225/self-regulation-of-the-peruvian-food-industry-health-message-cues-in-the-context-of-food-and-beverage-advertisements
#10
P Busse, A Bernabé-Ortiz
OBJECTIVES: One strategy to prevent the onset of non-communicable diseases is to motivate healthy lifestyles through health media messages. In Peru, the food industry is currently implementing such strategy with health message cues, in the form of a small icon of a walking person or a healthy dish, appearing on televised food and beverage advertisements. Yet the extent of this practice is unknown. Thus, the objective of this study was three-fold: to identify (1) the food and beverage advertisements showing health cues, (2) the types of health cues, and (3) their length in time...
April 10, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651647/an-estrogen-related-lifestyle-score-is-associated-with-risk-of-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-in-the-plco-cohort
#11
Mark A Guinter, Alexander C McLain, Anwar T Merchant, Dale P Sandler, Susan E Steck
PURPOSE: Healthy or unhealthy lifestyle behaviors are often adopted together. We aimed to investigate the combined effect of estrogen-related lifestyle factors on postmenopausal breast cancer risk. METHODS: Data from 27,153 women enrolled in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial were used. We created an estrogen-related lifestyle score (ERLS) by incorporating a previously developed measure of estrogenic diet, alcohol intake, body mass index (BMI), and physical activity...
April 12, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651314/health-behavior-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-a-high-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#12
Davorina Petek, Marija Petek-Ster, Ksenija Tusek-Bunc
Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is measuring a patient's experience of his health status and represents an outcome of medical interventions. Existing data proves that a healthy lifestyle is positively associated with HRQoL in all age groups. Patients with a high risk for cardiovascular disease typically led an unhealthy lifestyle combined with risk diseases. We aimed to analyse these characteristics and their reflection in HRQoL. Methods: A cross-sectional study in 36 family practices, stratified by location and size...
March 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650630/is-optimism-associated-with-healthier-cardiovascular-related-behavior-meta-analyses-of-3-health-behaviors
#13
REVIEW
Julia K Boehm, Ying Chen, Hayami Koga, Maya B Mathur, Loryana L Vie, Laura D Kubzansky
Optimistic people have reduced risk for cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular-related mortality compared with their less optimistic peers. One explanation for this is that optimistic people may be more likely to engage in healthy behavior like exercising frequently, eating fruits and vegetables, and avoiding cigarette smoking. However, researchers have not formally determined the extent or direction of optimism's association with health behaviors. Moreover, it is unclear whether optimism temporally precedes health behaviors or whether the relationship is because of shared common causes...
April 13, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650395/changing-diet-and-physical-activity-in-nurses-a-pilot-study-and-process-evaluation-highlighting-challenges-in-workplace-health-promotion
#14
Luciana Torquati, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Toby Pavey, Michael Leveritt
OBJECTIVE: To use the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance framework to evaluate and understand key implementation and context factors of a diet and physical activity (PA) workplace intervention for nurses. METHODS: A 3-month pilot intervention was developed to promote diet and PA behavior through self-monitoring, goal setting, and social support using pedometers, a smartphone app, and a dedicated Facebook group. Measures included diet quality, daily PA, adoption, and implementation (including qualitative data)...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650018/health-conditions-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-adults-living-in-puerto-rico-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Josiemer Mattei, Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Rui S Xiao, Katherine L Tucker, José F Rodríguez-Orengo
BACKGROUND: Puerto Rico is experiencing an economic and healthcare crisis, yet there are scarce recent and comprehensive reports on the population's health profile. We aimed to describe prevalent risk factors and health conditions of adults living in Puerto Rico and assess their interrelationship. METHODS: Participants (n = 380) aged 30-75y recruited from a 2015 convenience sample in primary care clinics in the San Juan, Puerto Rico metropolitan area answered cross-sectional interviewer-administered questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors, self-reported medically-diagnosed diseases, health services, and psychosocial factors...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645327/exploring-cancer-survivors-views-of-health-behavior-change-where-do-you-start-where-do-you-stop-with-everything
#16
Teresa Corbett, Tara Cheetham, Andre Matthias Müller, Joanna Slodkowska-Barabasz, Laura Wilde, Adele Krusche, Alison Richardson, Claire Foster, Eila Watson, Paul Little, Lucy Yardley, Katherine Bradbury
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) and a healthy diet can improve the well-being of cancer survivors. However, cancer survivors often do not engage in these behaviours. This study aimed to explore barriers and facilitators to engaging in these behaviours following cancer treatment. METHODS: During the development of a web-based intervention to enhance health-related quality of life in cancer survivors, 32 people who had completed treatment for breast, colon or prostate cancer were presented with an intervention for PA and healthy eating...
April 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644576/the-state-of-the-summer-a-review-of-child-summer-weight-gain-and-efforts-to-prevent-it
#17
REVIEW
Lindsay A Tanskey, Jeanne Goldberg, Kenneth Chui, Aviva Must, Jennifer Sacheck
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Accumulating evidence shows that children in the USA gain weight more rapidly during the summer, when school is not in session. This narrative review spanning 2007 to 2017 summarizes efforts to characterize the problem, identify key determinants, and intervene to prevent excess summer weight gain. RECENT FINDINGS: Summer weight gain remains a concern for elementary-age youth. Few studies have examined its determinants, but unfavorable summertime shifts in diet, physical activity, sedentary time, screen media use, and sleep have been reported...
April 11, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617926/translational-science-matters-forging-partnerships-between-biomedical-and-behavioral-science-to-advance-the-public-s-health
#18
George A Mensah, Susan M Czajkowski
The prevention and effective treatment of many chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes are dependent on behaviors such as not smoking, adopting a physically-active lifestyle, eating a healthy diet, and adhering to prescribed medical and behavioral regimens. Yet adoption and maintenance of these behaviors pose major challenges for individuals, their families and communities, as well as clinicians and health care systems. These challenges can best be met through the integration of the biomedical and behavioral sciences that is achieved by the formation of strategic partnerships between researchers and practitioners in these disciplines to address pressing clinical and public health problems...
March 29, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616916/effects-of-treatment-associated-increases-in-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-on-the-consumption-of-other-food-groups-and-weight-through-self-regulatory-processes
#19
James J Annesi
CONTEXT: Increased intake of fruits and vegetables (FV) may be useful for weight loss. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of changes in FV intake on the overall diet and to determine if self-regulation affects the association between changes in FV intake and weight. METHODS: Women with obesity (N = 74, mean age = 47.7 years) participating in a year-long behavioral weight-loss treatment were assessed regarding changes in consumption of various food groups, physical activity, and eating self-regulation over 6, 12, and 24 months...
March 30, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616469/racial-disparities-in-obesity-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Angel S Byrd, Alexander T Toth, Fatima Cody Stanford
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity rates in the USA have reached pandemic levels with one third of the population with obesity in 2015-2016 (39.8% of adults and 18.5% of youth). It is a major public health concern, and it is prudent to understand the factors which contribute. Racial and ethnic disparities are pronounced in both the prevalence and treatment of obesity and must be addressed in the efforts to combat obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: Disparities in prevalence of obesity in racial/ethnic minorities are apparent as early as the preschool years and factors including genetics, diet, physical activity, psychological factors, stress, income, and discrimination, among others, must be taken into consideration...
April 3, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
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