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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918425/the-influence-of-health-behaviours-in-childhood-on-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adolescence
#1
Xiuyun Wu, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul J Veugelers
Attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents is a global public health burden. Identification of health-related behavioral risk factors including diet quality and physical and sedentary activities for ADHD is important for prioritizing behavioral intervention strategies to improve mental health. This study aimed to examine the association of diet quality, physical activity, and sedentary behaviours in childhood with ADHD throughout adolescence. We linked data from grade five students aged primarily 10 and 11 years old who participated in a population-based lifestyle survey in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia with their administrative health care data...
December 2, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913809/a-minimal-contact-diet-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-white-collar-workers
#2
Kimberlee A Gretebeck, Tatiana Bailey, Randall J Gretebeck
Minimal contact lifestyle interventions with multiple components coupled with health screening have the potential to improve worker health. The purpose of this study was to test a minimal contact multiple component lifestyle diet and exercise intervention. The multiple components that were included in this project included a worksite health screening, brief counseling session, emailed newsletter, and a pedometer. In response to the intervention, participants reported an increase in green salad, fruit, and vegetable consumption as well as an increase in self-efficacy for consuming three servings of fruits and vegetables a day...
December 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908845/design-response-rates-and-population-characteristics-of-a-cross-sectional-study-in-zanzibar-tanzania
#3
Maria Adam Nyangasa, Soerge Kelm, Mohammed Ali Sheikh, Antje Hebestreit
BACKGROUND: Data on nutritional status and correlates of noncommunicable diseases are scarce for resource-poor settings in sub-Saharan countries. With the scope of a project, "Access to Food and Nutrition Status of the Zanzibari Population," data for investigating public health questions were collected using proven measurement and laboratory standards. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims at providing a descriptive overview of recruitment approaches, standardization, quality control measures, and data collection, with special attention to the design, responses, and participant characteristics of the overall project...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903376/-the-prevalence-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-metrics-in-southeast-chinese-middle-aged-men
#4
S W Shen, Y Lu, H J Qi, C J Yang, Y P Wang, F Li, K D Shui, Z H Shen
Objective: To observe the prevalence and distribution of ideal cardiovascular health metrics in middle-aged men living in Su-Xi-Chang region and explore the relationship between health behavior and health factors. Methods: A total of 27 824 middle-aged men, who took part in health examination in the Center for Healthcare Management, Taihu Rehabilitation Hospital of Jiangsu Province from January 2014 to June 2015, were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The ideal cardiovascular health metrics were defined by the American Heart Association criteria with minor modification in that the amount of vegetable intake was replaced by salt intake...
October 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903153/management-of-obesity
#5
Naji Alamuddin, Zayna Bakizada, Thomas A Wadden
This review examines weight loss and accompanying improvements in obesity-related comorbidities produced by intensive lifestyle intervention, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. Obese individuals lose approximately 6 to 8 kg (approximately 6% to 8% of initial weight) with 6 months of participation in a high-intensity lifestyle intervention (≥ 14 treatment visits) consisting of diet, physical activity, and behavior therapy. Such losses reduce progression to type 2 diabetes in at-risk people and decrease blood pressure and triglyceride levels...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898672/lifestyle-advice-combined-with-personalized-estimates-of-genetic-or-phenotypic-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Job G Godino, Esther M F van Sluijs, Theresa M Marteau, Stephen Sutton, Stephen J Sharp, Simon J Griffin
BACKGROUND: Information about genetic and phenotypic risk of type 2 diabetes is now widely available and is being incorporated into disease prevention programs. Whether such information motivates behavior change or has adverse effects is uncertain. We examined the effect of communicating an estimate of genetic or phenotypic risk of type 2 diabetes in a parallel group, open, randomized controlled trial. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We recruited 569 healthy middle-aged adults from the Fenland Study, an ongoing population-based, observational study in the east of England (Cambridgeshire, UK)...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898495/frequency-of-e-cigarette-use-health-status-and-risk-and-protective-health-behaviors-in-adolescents
#7
Michael S Dunbar, Joan S Tucker, Brett A Ewing, Eric R Pedersen, Jeremy N V Miles, Regina A Shih, Elizabeth J D'Amico
OBJECTIVES: E-cigarettes (ECs) are increasingly popular among adolescents, who perceive them as "safer" than cigarettes. Although research has examined risk factors for adolescent EC use, little is known about how EC use correlates with health status and protective health behaviors. METHODS: In all, 2488 adolescents (mean age = 17.31 years, SD = 0.67; 46% male) completed a survey on EC and cigarette use, physical and mental health, physical activity, diet, sleep, and alcohol and other drug (AOD) use...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894316/dietary-patterns-in-obese-pregnant-women-influence-of-a-behavioral-intervention-of-diet-and-physical-activity-in-the-upbeat-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Angela C Flynn, Paul T Seed, Nashita Patel, Suzanne Barr, Ruth Bell, Annette L Briley, Keith M Godfrey, Scott M Nelson, Eugene Oteng-Ntim, Sian M Robinson, Thomas A Sanders, Naveed Sattar, Jane Wardle, Lucilla Poston, Louise M Goff
BACKGROUND: Understanding dietary patterns in obese pregnant women will inform future intervention strategies to improve pregnancy outcomes and the health of the child. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a behavioral intervention of diet and physical activity advice on dietary patterns in obese pregnant woman participating in the UPBEAT study, and to explore associations of dietary patterns with pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: In the UPBEAT randomized controlled trial, pregnant obese women from eight UK multi-ethnic, inner-city populations were randomly assigned to receive a diet/physical activity intervention or standard antenatal care...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894012/depression-in-cancer-the-many-biobehavioral-pathways-driving-tumor-progression
#9
REVIEW
Beatrice Bortolato, Thomas N Hyphantis, Sara Valpione, Giulia Perini, Michael Maes, Gerwyn Morris, Marta Kubera, Cristiano A Köhler, Brisa S Fernandes, Brendon Stubbs, Nicholas Pavlidis, André F Carvalho
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is common among cancer patients, with prevalence rates up to four-times higher than the general population. Depression confers worse outcomes, including non-adherence to treatment and increased mortality in the oncology setting. Advances in the understanding of neurobiological underpinnings of depression have revealed shared biobehavioral mechanisms may contribute to cancer progression. Moreover, psychosocial stressors in cancer promote: (1) inflammation and oxidative/nitrosative stress; (2) a decreased immunosurveillance; and (3) a dysfunctional activation of the autonomic nervous system and of the hypothalamic-pituitaryadrenal axis...
November 16, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889314/dietary-patterns-during-adulthood-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-women-in-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#10
Nicole A VanKim, S Bryn Austin, Hee-Jin Jun, Frank B Hu, Heather L Corliss
BACKGROUND: Lesbian and bisexual women are at greater risk of being obese than heterosexual women; however, there is little research on dietary intake among lesbian and bisexual women. OBJECTIVE: This study estimated differences in dietary quality and intake during adulthood comparing heterosexual women to lesbian and bisexual women. DESIGN: Biennial mailed questionnaires were used to collect data from a cohort between 1991 and 2011. Heterosexual-identified women were the reference group...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887654/proportion-of-children-meeting-recommendations-for-24-hour-movement-guidelines-and-associations-with-adiposity-in-a-12-country-study
#11
Blanca Roman-Viñas, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mikael Fogelholm, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: The Canadian 24-h movement guidelines were developed with the hope of improving health and future health outcomes in children and youth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate adherence to the 3 recommendations most strongly associated with health outcomes in new 24-h movement guidelines and their relationship with adiposity (obesity and body mass index z-score) across countries participating in the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE)...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866600/maintaining-a-healthy-bmi-data-from-a-16-year-study-of-young-australian-women
#12
Wendy J Brown, Enamul Kabir, Bronwyn K Clark, Sjaan R Gomersall
INTRODUCTION: The aims of this prospective cohort study were to examine 16-year trajectories of weight and BMI in young adult women who had a healthy BMI in 1996 and determinants of remaining in the healthy BMI category. METHODS: A total of 4,881 women with healthy BMI at baseline and either healthy, overweight, or obese BMI at 16-year follow-up reported their weight, height, health, and health behaviors in six surveys of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health between 1996 (aged 18-23 years) and 2012 (aged 34-39 years)...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865642/attention-to-physical-activity-equivalent-calorie-information-on-nutrition-facts-labels-an%C3%A2-eye-tracking-investigation
#13
Julia A Wolfson, Dan J Graham, Sara N Bleich
OBJECTIVE: Investigate attention to Nutrition Facts Labels (NFLs) with numeric only vs both numeric and activity-equivalent calorie information, and attitudes toward activity-equivalent calories. DESIGN: An eye-tracking camera monitored participants' viewing of NFLs for 64 packaged foods with either standard NFLs or modified NFLs. Participants self-reported demographic information and diet-related attitudes and behaviors. SETTING: Participants came to the Behavioral Medicine Lab at Colorado State University in spring, 2015...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863357/cardiovascular-health-among-two-ethnic-groups-living-in-the-same-region-a-population-based-study
#14
Michal Benderly, Angela Chetrit, Havi Murad, Kathleen Abu-Saad, Michal Gillon-Keren, Ori Rogowski, Ben-Ami Sela, Hannah Kanety, Dror Harats, Ahmed Atamna, Gershon Alpert, Uri Goldbourt, Ofra Kalter-Leibovici
BACKGROUND: Poor cardiovascular health (CVH) among ethnic/racial minorities, studied primarily in the USA, may reflect lower access to healthcare. We examined factors associated with minority CVH in a setting of universal access to healthcare. METHODS AND RESULTS: CVH behaviors and factors were evaluated in a random population sample (551 Arabs, 553 Jews) stratified by sex, ethnicity and age. More Jews (10%) than Arabs (3%) had 3 ideal health behaviors. Only one participant had all four...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862055/reducing-stroke-risk-among-young-adult-african-americans-a-feasibility-study
#15
Dawn M Aycock, Patricia C Clark, Matthew J Hayat
African Americans are disproportionately affected by stroke and its modifiable risk factors, and strategies are needed to help African Americans adopt healthy lifestyles early in life. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of the Stroke Counseling for Risk Reduction (SCORRE) intervention, a tailored, theory-based intervention consisting of a motivational video of young African American stroke survivors, the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7® (LS7) risk assessment and education tool, and a 6-week behavioral risk reduction diary...
November 16, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848731/results-from-scotland-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#16
John J Reilly, Avril Johnstone, Geraldine McNeill, Adrienne R Hughes
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card aims to improve surveillance of physical activity (PA), facilitate international comparisons, and encourage evidence-informed PA and health policy. METHODS: Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card methodology was used: a search for data on child and adolescent PA and health published after the 2013 Scottish Report Card was carried out. Data sources were considered for grading if based on representative samples with prevalence estimates made using methods with low bias...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848721/results-from-malaysia-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-adolescents
#17
Razinah Sharif, Kar Hau Chong, Nur Hadiyani Zakaria, Min Li Ong, John J Reilly, Jyh Eiin Wong, Hazizi Abu Saad, Bee Koon Poh
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Malaysia Active Healthy Kids Report Card aims to collect, assess, and grade current and comprehensive data on physical activity (PA) and associated factors in Malaysian children and adolescents aged 5 to 17 years. METHODS: This report card was developed following the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card protocol. The Research Working Group identified the core matrices, assessed the key data sources, and evaluated the evidence gathered for grade assignments...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848718/results-from-sweden-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#18
Christine Delisle Nyström, Christel Larsson, Bettina Ehrenblad, Hanna Eneroth, Ulf Eriksson, Marita Friberg, Maria Hagströmer, Anna Karin Lindroos, John J Reilly, Marie Löf
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Swedish Report Card on Physical Activity (PA) for Children and Youth is a unique compilation of the existing physical and health related data in Sweden. The aim of this article is to summarize the procedure and results from the report card. METHODS: Nationally representative surveys and individual studies published between 2005-2015 were included. Eleven PA and health indicators were graded using the Active Healthy Kids Canada grading system...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845482/-giochiamo-the-protocol-of-a-school-based-intervention-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-nutrition-among-children
#19
G La Torre, A Mannocci, R Saulle, A Sinopoli, V D'Egidio, C Sestili, R Manfuso, D Masala
BACKGROUND: It is necessary to increase knowledge of healthy eating in children aged 5 to 9 years and their parents and to promote physical activity in order to tackle obesity and overweight in children. METHODS: This paper describes the research protocol of a field intervention that aims to: a) increase knowledge of food pyramid; b) change nutritional behavior according to the Mediterranean diet, particularly increasing fruit and vegetable consumption; c) promote physical activity...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835960/parent-child-associations-for-changes-in-diet-screen-time-and-physical-activity-across-two-decades-in-modernizing-china-china-health-and-nutrition-survey-1991-2009
#20
Fei Dong, Annie Green Howard, Amy H Herring, Amanda L Thompson, Linda S Adair, Barry M Popkin, Allison E Aiello, Bing Zhang, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: While the household context is important for lifestyle behavior interventions, few studies have examined parent-child associations for diet and physical activity (PA) changes over time in a rapidly urbanizing country. We aimed to investigate changes in diet, screen time, and PA behaviors over time in children and their parents living in the same household, and examine the parent-child association for these behaviors. METHODS: We studied dietary, screen time, and PA behaviors in 5,201 parent-child pairs (children aged 7-17y) using longitudinal data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, and 2009)...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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