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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213631/destroying-god-s-temple-physical-inactivity-poor-diet-obesity-and-other-sin-behaviors
#1
Mark D Faries, Megan McClendon, Eric J Jones
On average, our participants (N = 112), who self-proclaimed to be Christians, believed that physically inactive lifestyles, unhealthy eating, overeating, and being obese destroy the body, God's temple. However, these beliefs were less definitive, than those of other common "sin" behaviors, such as drug use, smoking, and excessive drinking of alcohol. In addition, destroying the body with physical inactivity or poor diet was not necessarily viewed as sinful. Subsequently, these beliefs did not relate to self-reported physical activity, dietary behavior, or body mass index...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210884/energy-balance-and-obesity-what-are-the-main-drivers
#2
Isabelle Romieu, Laure Dossus, Simón Barquera, Hervé M Blottière, Paul W Franks, Marc Gunter, Nahla Hwalla, Stephen D Hursting, Michael Leitzmann, Barrie Margetts, Chizuru Nishida, Nancy Potischman, Jacob Seidell, Magdalena Stepien, Youfa Wang, Klaas Westerterp, Pattanee Winichagoon, Martin Wiseman, Walter C Willett
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to review the evidence of the association between energy balance and obesity. METHODS: In December 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France convened a Working Group of international experts to review the evidence regarding energy balance and obesity, with a focus on Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC). RESULTS: The global epidemic of obesity and the double burden, in LMICs, of malnutrition (coexistence of undernutrition and overnutrition) are both related to poor quality diet and unbalanced energy intake...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210013/the-relation-between-depressive-symptoms-and-self-care-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-in-kosovo
#3
Idriz Sopjani, Shemsedin Vehapi, Daut Gorani, Miradije Imeri, Sidita Vitoja, Shqipe Tahiri
BACKGROUND: The depression is a significant problem in patients with diabetes. This research is the first of it's kind conducted in the Republic of Kosovo to determine the prevalence of depression diagnosed in people with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2) and interrelation between depressive symptoms and behavior of diabetes self-care (glucose monitoring, exercise, diet, and self- health care). METHODS: Research was conducted in the University Clinical Center of Kosovo (UCCK), in Pristine...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198702/epigenetic-clock-analysis-of-diet-exercise-education-and-lifestyle-factors
#4
Austin Quach, Morgan E Levine, Toshiko Tanaka, Ake T Lu, Brian H Chen, Luigi Ferrucci, Beate Ritz, Stefania Bandinelli, Marian L Neuhouser, Jeannette M Beasley, Linda Snetselaar, Robert B Wallace, Philip S Tsao, Devin Absher, Themistocles L Assimes, James D Stewart, Yun Li, Lifang Hou, Andrea A Baccarelli, Eric A Whitsel, Steve Horvath
Behavioral and lifestyle factors have been shown to relate to a number of health-related outcomes, yet there is a need for studies that examine their relationship to molecular aging rates. Toward this end, we use recent epigenetic biomarkers of age that have previously been shown to predict all-cause mortality, chronic conditions, and age-related functional decline. We analyze cross-sectional data from 4,173 postmenopausal female participants from the Women's Health Initiative, as well as 402 male and female participants from the Italian cohort study, Invecchiare nel Chianti...
February 14, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192109/intensive-lifestyle-intervention-for-obesity-principles-practices-and-results
#5
Victoria L Webb, Thomas A Wadden
Using the Guidelines for the Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults as a framework, this article reviews intensive lifestyle interventions for weight loss. The Guidelines recommend a minimum of 6 months of high-intensity, comprehensive lifestyle intervention, consisting of a reduced-calorie diet, increased physical activity, and behavior therapy. Persons with obesity typically lose about 8 kg (approximately 8% of initial weight) with this approach, accompanied by improvements in health and quality of life...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188570/recruiting-endometrial-cancer-survivors-to-studies-examining-lifestyle-behaviors-and-quality-of-life-challenges-faced-and-lessons-learned
#6
Alexander R Lucas, Brian C Focht, David E Cohn, Maryanna D Klatt, Janet Buckworth
There are a growing number of cancer survivors in the USA. Despite lifestyle behaviors being strongly associated with morbidity and mortality following primary treatment, recruitment to clinical research studies that aim to improve such behaviors remains a significant challenge. Furthermore, pilot and feasibility studies are critical for the refinement of research methods and form an important training opportunity for early career scientists. This report details the challenges faced and lessons learned in the process of recruiting a population of overweight/obese endometrial cancer survivors (ECS) to two separate studies focused on lifestyle behaviors: a survey study and a randomized behavioral intervention study that aimed to improve diet, physical activity, and quality of life...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180933/voluntary-exercise-improves-murine-dermal-connective-tissue-status-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity
#7
Kende Lőrincz, Dóra Haluszka, Norbert Kiss, Nóra Gyöngyösi, András Bánvölgyi, Róbert Szipőcs, Norbert M Wikonkál
Obesity is a risk factor for several cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Its influence on the skin is less obvious, yet certain negative effects of adipose tissue inflammation on the dermis have been suggested. Excess weight is closely associated with sedentary behavior, so any increase in physical activity is considered beneficial against obesity. To investigate the effects of obesity and physical exercise on the skin, we established a mouse model in which mice were kept either on a high-fat diet or received standard chow...
February 8, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178152/the-association-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-left-ventricle-hypertrophy-in-rural-population-of-northeast-china-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#8
Ye Chang, Yuan Li, Xiaofan Guo, Tan Li, Yintao Chen, Dongxue Dai, Yingxian Sun
In 2010, the American Heart Association (AHA) published a new concept "ideal cardiovascular health" (CVH), which consisted of 4 behaviors (smoking, body mass index [BMI], physical activity, and diet score) and 3 health factors (total cholesterol [TC], blood pressure [BP], and fasting plasma glucose [FPG]). This study was aimed to investigate the association between CVH with left ventricle hypertrophy (LVH) in a rural general population.From January 2012 to August 2013, we conducted this cross-sectional study using a multi-stage cluster sampling method...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165844/the-health-behavior-information-needs-and-preferences-of-teenage-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#9
Gemma Pugh, Rachael E Hough, Helen L Gravestock, Sarah E Jackson, Abigail Fisher
PURPOSE: This study aimed to establish teenage and young adult cancer survivors (TYACS') specific interest in receiving information on physical activity, diet, smoking, and alcohol consumption and their preferences regarding the delivery, format, and timing of such health behaviour information. METHODS: TYACS aged 13-25 years were invited to complete a questionnaire assessing the advice they had received in the past and their preferences on when and how health behavior information should be delivered...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155107/development-and-evaluation-of-the-see-me-smoke-free-multi-behavioral-mhealth-app-for-women-smokers
#10
Judith S Gordon, Julie Armin, Melanie D Hingle, Peter Giacobbi, James K Cunningham, Thienne Johnson, Kristopher Abbate, Carol L Howe, Denise J Roe
Women face particular challenges when quitting smoking, especially those with weight concerns. A multi-behavioral smoking cessation intervention addressing these concerns and incorporating guided imagery may assist women to engage in healthy lifestyle behaviors. An mHealth app can easily disseminate such an intervention. The goals of this pilot study were to develop and test the feasibility and potential of the See Me Smoke-Free(™) mHealth app to address smoking, diet, and physical activity among women smokers...
February 2, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154734/nutritional-and-lifestyle-interventions-for-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Ângela Carneiro, José Paulo Andrade
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the developed world. In this narrative review, we will summarize the nutritional interventions evaluated in numerous observational studies and a few randomized clinical trials. The AREDS and AREDS2 studies demonstrated that supplements including vitamins C and E, beta-carotene, and zinc may reduce the progression to advanced AMD, in some patients, by 25% in five years. This is one of the few nutritional supplements known to have beneficial effects in any eye disease...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145422/proximate-causes-for-diet-induced-obesity-in-laboratory-mice-a-case-study
#12
REVIEW
C Kless, N Rink, J Rozman, M Klingenspor
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Detailed protocols and recommendations for the assessment of energy balance have been provided to address the problems associated with different body mass and body composition as apparent for mouse models in obesity research. Here, we applied these guidelines to investigate energy balance in two inbred mouse strains with contrasting susceptibilities for diet-induced obesity (DIO). Mice of the AKR/J strain are highly susceptible, whereas the SWR/J mice are almost completely resistant...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143708/dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-adults-with-developmental-disabilities-and-their-direct-support-professional-providers
#13
Kendall A Leser, Phyllis L Pirie, Amy K Ferketich, Susan M Havercamp, Mary Ellen Wewers
BACKGROUND: People with developmental disabilities lead more sedentary lifestyles, consume poorer diets, as well as have higher rates of chronic conditions such as diabetes and heart disease when compared to members of the general population. Direct support professionals play a large social role in the lives of their clients with developmental disabilities, and thus have the ability to influence the health behaviors of their clients. OBJECTIVES: The overall purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the dietary and physical activity behaviors of direct support professionals and their clients with developmental disabilities, as well as to assess how direct support professionals facilitate the health behaviors of their clients...
January 24, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130968/the-association-between-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-spanish-adolescents
#14
José J Muros, Federico Salvador Pérez, Félix Zurita Ortega, Vanesa M Gámez Sánchez, Emily Knox
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to examine the association between body mass index, physical activity, adherence to the Mediterranean diet, and health-related quality of life in a sample of Spanish adolescents. METHOD: The study involved 456 adolescents aged between 11 and 14 years. They completed questionnaires on the Mediterranean diet (KIDMED), physical activity (Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children [PAQ-C]), and quality of life (KIDSCREEN-27)...
January 25, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125393/surveillance-systems-to-track-and-evaluate-obesity-prevention-efforts
#15
Deanna M Hoelscher, Nalini Ranjit, Adriana Pérez
To address the obesity epidemic, the public health community must develop surveillance systems that capture data at levels through which obesity prevention efforts are conducted. Current systems assess body mass index (BMI), diet, and physical activity behaviors at the individual level, but environmental and policy-related data are often lacking. The goal of this review is to describe US surveillance systems that evaluate obesity prevention efforts within the context of international trends in obesity monitoring, to identify potential data gaps, and to present recommendations to improve the evaluation of population-level initiatives...
January 11, 2017: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122033/combined-impact-of-traditional-and-non-traditional-healthy-behaviors-on-health-related-quality-of-life-a-prospective-study-in-older-adults
#16
Ana Bayán-Bravo, Raúl F Pérez-Tasigchana, Carmen Sayón-Orea, David Martínez-Gómez, Esther López-García, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Pilar Guallar-Castillón
Combined exposure to several healthy behaviors (HB) is associated with reduced mortality in older adults but its impact on health-related quality of life (HRQL) is uncertain. This is a cohort study of 2,388 individuals aged ≥60 recruited in 2000-2001, whose data were updated in 2003 and 2009. At baseline, participants reported both traditional HB (non-smoking, being very or moderately active, healthy diet) and non-traditional HB (sleeping 7-8 h/d, being seated <8 h/d, and seeing friends every day). HRQL was measured with the SF-36 questionnaire at baseline, in 2003 (short-term) and in 2009 (long-term); a higher score on the SF-36 represents better HRQL...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121240/development-of-a-multi-behavioral-mhealth-app-for-women-smokers
#17
Julie Armin, Thienne Johnson, Melanie Hingle, Peter Giacobbi, Judith S Gordon
This article describes the development of the See Me Smoke-Free™ (SMSF) mobile health application, which uses guided imagery to support women in smoking cessation, eating a healthy diet, and increasing physical activity. Focus group discussions, with member checks, were conducted to refine the intervention content and app user interface. Data related to the context of app deployment were collected via user testing sessions and internal quality control testing, which identified and addressed functionality issues, content problems, and bugs...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120527/does-diet-mediate-associations-of-volume-and-bouts-of-sedentary-time-with-cardiometabolic-health-indicators-in-adolescents
#18
Elly A Fletcher, Valerie Carson, Sarah A McNaughton, David W Dunstan, Genevieve N Healy, Jo Salmon
OBJECTIVE: Examine the mediating role of diet in the relationship between volume and duration of sedentary time with cardiometabolic health in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents (12-19 years) participating in the 2003/04 and 2005/06 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were examined. Cardiometabolic health indicators were body mass index z-scores (zBMI) (n = 1,797) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) (n = 812). An ActiGraph hip-worn accelerometer was used to derive total sedentary time and usual sedentary bout duration...
January 25, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103207/determination-of-factors-affecting-physical-activity-status-of-university-students-on-a-health-sciences-campus
#19
Ayfer Dayi, Ayla Acikgoz, Guven Guvendi, Levent Bayrak, Burcu Ersoy, Cagri Gur, Omer Ozmen
Upon graduation, students studying in departments related to health will work in the health sector and will guide and enlighten people with their knowledge and behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors affecting the physical activity (PA) conditions of university students on a health sciences campus. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 706 students in a Turkish university. The data was obtained from a survey prepared by the researchers. The 26-question survey aimed to discover the students' socio-demographic characteristics and their awareness and practices concerning PA...
January 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092060/parenting-self-efficacy-parent-depression-and-healthy-childhood-behaviors-in-a-low-income-minority-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#20
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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