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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092060/parenting-self-efficacy-parent-depression-and-healthy-childhood-behaviors-in-a-low-income-minority-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#1
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089611/government-s-role-in-promoting-healthy-lifestyle
#2
REVIEW
Laurie Whitsel
Worldwide, poor lifestyle behaviors, including obesity, physical inactivity, and low diet quality, are creating an unstainable burden of chronic disease with disparities across geography, race, income, education, and sex. Government plays an important role in addressing lifestyle behaviors and population health, reducing health disparities and chronic disease. Areas for government involvement include surveillance, research, programming, access to health care, quality assurance and guidelines for diet and physical activity(PA)...
January 13, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078657/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-dietary-intake-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index-bmi-among-cancer-survivors-2005-and-2010-national-health-interview-surveys-nhis
#3
Doratha A Byrd, Tanya Agurs-Collins, David Berrigan, Richard Lee, Frances E Thompson
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports racial/ethnic differences in mean dietary and alcohol intake, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI) among cancer survivors and examines adherence to the American Cancer Society and the US Dietary Guidelines for Americans. METHODS: Data are from the cross-sectional 2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS). The total sample of cancer survivors (N = 3367) included non-Hispanic Whites (NHW; N = 2698), non-Hispanic Blacks (NHBs; N = 379), and Hispanics (N = 290)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072926/relationship-between-marital-transitions-health-behaviors-and-health-indicators-of-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#4
Randa M Kutob, Nicole P Yuan, Betsy C Wertheim, David A Sbarra, Eric B Loucks, Rami Nassir, Gihan Bareh, Mimi M Kim, Linda G Snetselaar, Cynthia A Thomson
BACKGROUND: Historically, marital status has been associated with lower mortality and transitions into marriage were generally accompanied by improved health status. Conversely, divorce has been associated with increased mortality, possibly mediated by changes in health behaviors. METHODS: This study uses data from a prospective cohort of 79,094 postmenopausal women participating in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS) to examine the relationship between marital transition and health indicators (blood pressure, waist circumference, body mass index [BMI]) as well as health behaviors (diet pattern, alcohol use, physical activity, and smoking) in a sample of relatively healthy and employed women...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067891/an-interactive-web-based-intervention-on-nutritional-status-physical-activity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patient-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial-the-red-ruby-study
#5
L Jahangiry, A Montazeri, M Najafi, M Yaseri, M A Farhangi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy nutritional behaviors are recognized as the key factors in the cause and management of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The effectiveness of interactive web-based interventions on dietary intakes, physical activity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among people with MetS is currently unknown. METHODS: The two-arm randomized-controlled trial was conducted for patients with MetS from June through December 2012 in Tehran, Iran...
January 9, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065391/-cancer-prevention-in-france-implication-of-health-professionals
#6
REVIEW
Andrea Lasserre, Julie Gaillot, Antoine Deutsch, Claire Chauvet, Dominique Bessette, Raphaëlle Ancellin
Almost 40% of cancers are attributable to preventable cancer risk factors related to behavior. Health professionals must take into account the respective weight of the different causes of cancer to enforce effective cancer prevention. Their involvement is needed on several levels. In primary prevention, not only for vaccinations, detection and support the withdrawal of addiction, but also by a greater consideration in their patients of all cancer risk behavioral factors. This involvement is essential in the care and monitoring of patients with cancer...
January 5, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064525/healthy-children-strong-families-2-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-american-indian-families-designed-using-community-based-approaches
#7
Emily J Tomayko, Ronald J Prince, Kate A Cronin, Tassy Parker, Kyungmann Kim, Vernon M Grant, Judith N Sheche, Alexandra K Adams
Background/Aims Few obesity prevention trials have focused on young children and their families in the home environment, particularly in underserved communities. Healthy Children, Strong Families 2 is a randomized controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle intervention for American Indian children and their families, a group at very high risk of obesity. The study design resulted from our long-standing engagement with American Indian communities, and few collaborations of this type resulting in the development and implementation of a randomized clinical trial have been described...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063876/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-study-the-effects-of-breakfast-on-energy-intake-physical-activity-and-body-fat-in-women-who-are-nonhabitual-breakfast-eaters
#8
Gabrielle Marie LeCheminant, James D LeCheminant, Larry A Tucker, Bruce W Bailey
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of eating breakfast on energy intake, physical activity, body weight, and body fat in women who are nonhabitual breakfast eaters over a four-week period. METHODS: Forty-nine women who were nonhabitual breakfast-eaters were randomized to one of two conditions: breakfast or no breakfast. Breakfast eaters were required to eat at least 15% of their daily energy requirement before 8:30 a.m. Non-breakfast eaters did not consume any energy until after 11:30 a...
January 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063785/effect-of-socioeconomic-status-on-propensity-to-change-risk-behaviors-following-myocardial-infarction-implications-for-healthy-lifestyle-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Diann E Gaalema, Rebecca J Elliott, Zachary H Morford, Stephen T Higgins, Philip A Ades
INTRODUCTION: Failure to change risk behaviors following myocardial infarction (MI) increases the likelihood of recurrent MI and death. Lower-socioeconomic status (SES) patients are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviors prior to MI. Less well known is whether propensity to change risk behaviors after MI also varies inversely with SES. METHODS: We performed a systematized literature review addressing changes in risk behaviors following MI as a function of SES...
January 4, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063670/alarming-trends-in-ideal-cardiovascular-health-among-children-and-adolescents-in-beijing-china-2004-to-2014
#10
Hongbo Dong, Yinkun Yan, Junting Liu, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Hong Cheng, Dongqing Hou, Guimin Huang, Shengxu Li, Youfa Wang, Jie Mi
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association's 2020 Strategic Goals have defined a new concept of cardiovascular health for adults and children, emphasizing the importance of primordial prevention of cardiovascular diseases. However, detailed data on the trends of ideal cardiovascular health in Chinese children and adolescents are sparse. METHODS: A total of 5596 children and adolescents (aged 6-18years) were selected from two cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2004 and 2014, respectively...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063097/ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-liver-enzyme-levels-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#11
Idoia Labayen, Jonatan R Ruiz, Inge Huybrechts, Francisco B Ortega, Manuel Castillo, Michael Sjöstrom, Marcela González-Gross, Yannis Manios, Kurt Widhalm, Anthony Kafatos, Christina Breidenassel, Gerardo Rodríguez, Jean Dallongeville, Frédéric Gottrand, Luis A Moreno
There is an increasing interest for the role of liver enzymes as predictors of non-liver-related morbidity and mortality. The American Heart Association (AHA) described the ideal cardiovascular health concept as a score of seven cardiovascular health behaviors and factors that can be used to monitor and predict ideal cardiovascular health over time. This study aimed to examine the association of the ideal cardiovascular health (ICH), as defined by the AHA, with liver enzyme levels in European adolescents. A total of 637 adolescents (54...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056539/mothers-perspectives-on-the-development-of-their-preschoolers-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviors-and-parent-child-relationship
#12
Keeley J Pratt, Catherine Van Fossen, Jennifer Cotto-Maisonet, Elizabeth N Palmer, Ihuoma Eneli
The study explores female caregivers' reflections on their relationship with their child (2-5 years old) and the development of their child's dietary and physical activity behaviors. Five, 90-minute semistructured focus groups were conducted to inquire about children's growth, eating behaviors and routines, physical activity, personality, and the parent-child relationship. Nineteen female caregivers diverse in race/ethnicity, age, and educational attainment participated. Participants reported that they maintained a schedule, but needed to be flexible to accommodate daily responsibilities...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051263/psychological-factors-associated-with-nafld-nash-a-systematic-review
#13
B Macavei, A Baban, D L Dumitrascu
OBJECTIVE: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents one of the most common chronic liver diseases worldwide. So far, the pathogenesis of NAFLD and its more severe variant nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is yet unclear, with many mechanisms being proposed as possible causes. This article aims to review the psychological factors associated with NAFLD/NASH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three main categories of factors have been investigated: emotional, cognitive and behavioral...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049752/behavioral-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-implications-for-mexico
#14
Elissa Jelalian, E Whitney Evans
Pediatric obesity is a worldwide health epidemic affecting both developed and developing countries. Mexico ranks second to the United States in rates of pediatric obesity. Obesity among youth has immediate and long-term consequences on physical and psychosocial development, including cardiovascular, respiratory, and health-related quality of life. Eventual amelioration of this epidemic will require change at the level of the family and community, along with policy initiatives to support healthier eating and activity habits...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045193/support-and-sabotage-a-qualitative-study-of-social-influences-on-health-behaviors-among-rural-adults
#15
Urshila Sriram, Emily H Morgan, Meredith L Graham, Sara C Folta, Rebecca A Seguin
PURPOSE: Social environments exert an important influence on health behaviors, yet evidence from rural-specific contexts is limited. This study explored how social relationships influence health-related behaviors among midlife and older rural adults at increased risk of chronic disease. METHODS: Seventeen focus groups were conducted with 125 sedentary, overweight/obese adults (aged 40-91 years) residing in "medically underserved" rural Montana towns in 2014. Groups were stratified by age (40-64 and ≥65) and gender...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029178/exercise-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-preterm-birth-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Elena Rita Magro-Malosso, Gabriele Saccone, Daniele Di Mascio, Mariarosaria Di Tommaso, Vincenzo Berghella
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of overweight and obesity in pregnancy has risen significantly in the last decades. Overweight and obesity have been shown to increase the risk for some adverse obstetric outcome. Lifestyle interventions, such as diet, physical activity and behavior changes, may reduce these risks promoting weight loss and/or preventing excessive weight gain. The possible impact of exercise on the risk of preterm birth (PTB) in overweight or obese women is controversial. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of exercise on the risk of PTB in overweight or obese pregnant women...
December 28, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026711/sedentary-behaviours-among-adults-across-canada
#17
Katya M Herman, Travis J Saunders
 OBJECTIVES: While cross-Canada variations in physical activity and weight status have been illustrated, less is known about sedentary behaviour (SB). The aim of this study was to describe various SBs and their correlates among Canadian adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the 2011-2012 Canadian Community Health Survey included 92,918 respondents aged 20-75+ years, representative of >22 million Canadian adults. TV/video viewing, computer, video game playing and reading time were self-reported. Associations with socio-demographic, health and health behaviour variables were examined...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024417/neighborhood-and-parental-influences-on-diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-in-young-low-income-pediatric-patients
#18
Nakiya N Showell, Katie Washington Cole, Katherine Johnson, Lisa Ross DeCamp, Megan Bair-Merritt, Rachel L J Thornton
This study explores the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and caregiver preferences for establishing diet and physical activity behaviors among low-income African American and Hispanic young children (2-5 years). Primary caregivers of young children were recruited from 2 urban pediatric clinics to participate in focus groups (n = 33). Thematic analysis of transcripts identified 3 themes: neighborhood constraints on desired behaviors, caregivers' strategies in response to neighborhoods, and caregivers' sense of agency in the face of neighborhood constraints...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011388/dietary-intervention-for-glucose-tolerance-in-teens-dig-it-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-using-health-coaching-to-prevent-youth-onset-type-2-diabetes
#19
Kelly A Wagner, Ethan Braun, Seth M Armah, Diarmuid Horan, Lisa G Smith, Julie Pike, Wanzhu Tu, Marc T Hamilton, Edward J Delp, Wayne W Campbell, Carol J Boushey, Tamara S Hannon, Nana Gletsu-Miller
BACKGROUND: Youth-onset type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a disease that is newly emerging and behavioral strategies for its prevention are limited. Interventions that target the lifestyle behaviors of adolescents, to improve poor dietary quality and reduce excessive sedentariness, promise to reduce the risk of developing T2D. Health coaching is effective for promoting healthy behaviors in patients who have chronic disease, but few experimental studies are in adolescents. This randomized controlled trial, in adolescents with prediabetes, will determine the effectiveness of a health coaching intervention to facilitate adoption of healthy diet and activity behaviors that delay or prevent development of T2D...
December 21, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005241/home-environmental-influences-on-childhood-obesity-in-the-latino-population-a-decade-review-of-literature
#20
REVIEW
Alejandra Ochoa, Jerica M Berge
Latinos are the largest and fastest-growing ethnically diverse group in the United States. Latino children are also among the most overweight and obese ethnic groups of children in the United States. Research over the last decade has identified the home environment as a key influence on the diet and physical activity of children. To summarize cross-sectional and longitudinal research that has identified factors within the home environment of Latino families that are associated with childhood obesity and to provide recommendations for future research and intervention development with Latino families...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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