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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048455/improving-knowledge-and-behaviors-on-diet-and-physical-activity-in-children-results-of-a-pilot-randomized-field-trial
#1
G La Torre, A Mannocci, R Saulle, A Sinopoli, V D'Egidio, C Sestili, R Manfuso, D Masala
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to increase the knowledge of healthy eating, to encourage change in nutritional behavior in accordance with the Mediterranean diet and to promote physical activity in children aged 7 to 9 years and their parents in a school setting through the use of cards and board games of the project Giochiamo (Let us play). METHODS: This experimental randomized field trial enrolled children in a school setting. The trial consisted of two phases...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037501/lifestyles-and-health-related-outcomes-of-u-s-hospital-nurses-a-systematic-review
#2
Susan M Priano, Oi Saeng Hong, Jyu-Lin Chen
BACKGROUND: Nurses' modifiable lifestyles have important health-related consequences. PURPOSE: To examine the literature on U.S. hospital nurses' activity, diet, and health outcomes of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHOD: A systematic review using of the literature from June 2006 to June 2016 resulted in 13 studies on U.S. hospital nurses' diet, physical activity and CVD and HRQOL outcomes...
September 5, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035603/competition-level-not-associated-with-diet-quality-in-marching-artists
#3
Colleen R McConnell, Alyssa McPherson, Kathleen Woolf
Marching artists are a unique group of athletes whose performance can be influenced by nutrition. Because physical demands are thought to be moderate to high, adequate energy and a variety of nutrient-dense foods are needed. The purpose of this study was to examine diet quality, physical activity, and eating behavior of marching artists across elite and non-elite competition levels. This cross-sectional analysis used the validated National Cancer Institute Diet History Questionnaire II, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025698/college-freshmen-students-perspectives-on-weight-gain-prevention-in-the-digital-age-web-based-survey
#4
Courtney M Monroe, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Chelsea A Larsen, Karen Magradey, Heather M Brandt, Sara Wilcox, Beth Sundstrom, Delia Smith West
BACKGROUND: College freshmen are highly vulnerable to experiencing weight gain, and this phenomenon is associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases and mortality in older adulthood. Technology offers an attractive and scalable way to deliver behavioral weight gain prevention interventions for this population. Weight gain prevention programs that harness the appeal and widespread reach of Web-based technologies (electronic health or eHealth) are increasingly being evaluated in college students...
October 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023255/adolescent-perceptions-of-peer-responses-to-diabetes-self-management-a-qualitative-study
#5
Pei-Yun Yang, Meei-Fang Lou, Angela Shin-Yu Lien, Bih-Shya Gau
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is more prevalent in adolescents than in adults, and the self-management of insulin-dependent diabetes is complex. T1D requires injections of insulin, self-management of blood testing, regular physical activity, and diet monitoring, which are challenging for growing and developing adolescents. Adolescents are often more concerned with how they are perceived by their peers than how they perceive themselves. Positive peer responses influence the self-care management of adolescents with T1D in school settings...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020206/concordance-with-prevention-guidelines-and-subsequent-cancer-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-a-longitudinal-study-of-older-adults
#6
Heather Greenlee, Garrett Strizich, Gina S Lovasi, Robert C Kaplan, Mary L Biggs, Christopher I Li, John Richardson, Gregory L Burke, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Amanda M Fretts, Bruce M Psaty, Linda P Fried
Reports on the association between multiple clinical and behavioral health indicators and major health outcomes among older adults are scarce. We prospectively examined concordance with American Cancer Society and American Heart Association disease prevention guidelines in relation to cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality among Cardiovascular Health Study enrollees age 65-98 years who at baseline assessment in 1989-1996 (n = 3,491) were free of CVD and cancer. Total and cause-specific mortality, as well as incidence of cancer and CVD, were lower with increased guideline concordance...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993302/user-participation-and-engagement-with-the-see-me-smoke-free-mhealth-app-prospective-feasibility-trial
#7
Chris A Schmidt, James K Romine, Melanie L Bell, Julie Armin, Judith S Gordon
BACKGROUND: The See Me Smoke-Free (SMSF) mobile health (mHealth) app was developed to help women quit smoking by targeting concerns about body weight, body image, and self-efficacy through cognitive behavioral techniques and guided imagery audio files addressing smoking, diet, and physical activity. A feasibility trial found associations between SMSF usage and positive treatment outcomes. This paper reports a detailed exploration of program use among eligible individuals consenting to study participation and completing the baseline survey (participants) and ineligible or nonconsenting app installers (nonparticipants), as well as the relationship between program use and treatment outcomes...
October 9, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991907/effects-of-the-healthy-start-randomized-intervention-trial-on-physical-activity-among-normal-weight-preschool-children-predisposed-to-overweight-and-obesity
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mina Nicole Händel, Sofus Christian Larsen, Jeanett Friis Rohde, Maria Stougaard, Nanna Julie Olsen, Berit Lilienthal Heitmann
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence to support the effectiveness of primary interventions aiming to prevent excess weight gain among young children. Evaluating behavioral changes, such as physical activity (PA), may add to future development of efficient interventions. The objective was to evaluate the effect on PA outcomes of the 15 month Healthy Start intervention that focused on changing diet, PA, sleep and stress management among normal weight but obesity-prone preschool children...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987583/physically-adjusted-neutral-detergent-fiber-system-for-lactating-dairy-cow-rations-ii-development-of-feeding-recommendations
#9
Robin R White, Mary Beth Hall, Jeffrey L Firkins, Paul J Kononoff
The objective of this work was to leverage equations derived in a meta-analysis into an ensemble modeling system for estimating dietary physical and chemical characteristics required to maintain desired rumen conditions in lactating dairy cattle. Given the availability of data, responsiveness of ruminal pH to animal behaviors, and the chemical composition and physical form of the diet, mean ruminal pH was chosen as the primary rumen environment indicator. Physically effective fiber (peNDF) is defined as the fraction of neutral detergent fiber (NDF) that stimulates chewing activity and contributes to the floating mat of large particles in the rumen...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980137/lifestyle-medicine-and-the-management-of-cardiovascular-disease
#10
REVIEW
Kimberly N Doughty, Nelson X Del Pilar, Amanda Audette, David L Katz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Evidence has clearly demonstrated the importance of lifestyle factors (e.g., diet, physical activity, smoking) in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Interventions targeting these behaviors may improve outcomes for CVD patients. The aim of this review is to summarize the effects of lifestyle interventions in individuals with established CVD. RECENT FINDINGS: Most recent trials focused on diet, physical activity, stress reduction, or a combination of these...
October 4, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978872/the-impact-of-menstrual-cycle-phases-on-cardiac-autonomic-nervous-system-activity-an-observational-study-considering-lifestyle-diet-physical-activity-and-sleep-among-female-college-students
#11
Yuki Tada, Takahiro Yoshizaki, Yasutake Tomata, Yuri Yokoyama, Ayaka Sunami, Azumi Hida, Yukari Kawano
Studies examining the impact of menstrual cycle phases on the cardiac autonomic nervous system have produced inconsistent results. This study aimed to investigate this relationship, controlling for the confounding effects of diet, physical activity, and sleep, which can be affected by the menstrual cycle. Fifteen female college students with regular menses were enrolled. Data regarding 24-h heart rate variability (HRV), dietary intake, eating behavior, menstrual distress, and sleep and activity parameters were obtained during the follicular and luteal phases...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964720/the-24-month-metabolic-benefits-of-the-healthy-living-partnerships-to-prevent-diabetes-a-community-based-translational-study
#12
Carolyn F Pedley, L Douglas Case, Caroline S Blackwell, Jeffrey A Katula, Mara Z Vitolins
AIMS: Large-scale clinical trials and translational studies have demonstrated that weight loss achieved through diet and physical activity reduced the development of diabetes in overweight individuals with prediabetes. These interventions also reduced the occurrence of metabolic syndrome and risk factors linked to other chronic conditions including obesity-driven cancers and cardiovascular disease. The Healthy Living Partnerships to Prevent Diabetes (HELP PD) was a clinical trial in which participants were randomized to receive a community-based lifestyle intervention translated from the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) or an enhanced usual care condition...
September 23, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957372/social-network-composition-of-vascular-patients-and-its-associations-with-health-behavior-and-clinical-risk-factors
#13
Naomi Heijmans, Jan van Lieshout, Michel Wensing
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore linkages of patients' social network composition with health behaviors and clinical risk factors. METHODS/DESIGN: This observational study was embedded in a project aimed at improving cardiovascular risk management (CRVM) in primary care. 657 vascular patients (227 with cardiovascular disease, 380 at high vascular risk), mean age 72.4 (SD 9.4) years, were recruited as were individuals patients considered important for dealing with their disease, so called alters (n = 487)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957032/the-influence-of-parental-health-literacy-status-on-reach-attendance-retention-and-outcomes-in-a-family-based-childhood-obesity-treatment-program-virginia-2013-2015
#14
Jamie M Zoellner, Jennie Hill, Wen You, Donna Brock, Madlyn Frisard, Ramine Alexander, Fabiana Silva, Bryan Price, Ruby Marshall, Paul A Estabrooks
INTRODUCTION: Few interventions have evaluated the influence of parent health literacy (HL) status on weight-related child outcomes. This study explores how parent HL affects the reach, attendance, and retention of and outcomes in a 3-month multicomponent family-based program to treat childhood obesity (iChoose). METHODS: This pre-post, quasiexperimental trial occurred in the Dan River Region, a federally designated medically underserved area. iChoose research protocol and intervention strategies were designed using an HL universal precautions approach...
September 28, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939713/trends-in-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-cardiovascular-health-among-us-adults-from-1999-2012
#15
Lindsay R Pool, Hongyan Ning, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Norrina B Allen
BACKGROUND: In the United States, there are persistent racial and ethnic disparities in cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. National efforts have focused on reducing these disparities; however, little is known about the long-term trends in racial/ethnic disparities in cardiovascular health (CVH). METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 11 285 adults aged ≥20 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys survey cycles 1999/2000 through 2011/2012...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928713/pain-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-associations-with-modifiable-lifestyle-factors-fatigue-depression-anxiety-and-mental-health-quality-of-life
#16
Claudia H Marck, Alysha M De Livera, Tracey J Weiland, Pia L Jelinek, Sandra L Neate, Chelsea R Brown, Keryn L Taylor, Fary Khan, George A Jelinek
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) often experience pain, which can interfere with mobility, employment, and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study explored associations between pain, demographic, disease, and modifiable lifestyle factors in an international sample of people with MS recruited online. RESULTS: Substantial pain, of moderate/severe intensity and interfering at least moderately with work/household or enjoyment of life in the past 4 weeks, was reported by 682/2,362 (28...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928111/personalized-hypertension-management-using-patient-generated-health-data-integrated-with-electronic-health-records-empower-h-six-month-pre-post-study
#17
Nan Lv, Lan Xiao, Martha L Simmons, Lisa G Rosas, Albert Chan, Martin Entwistle
BACKGROUND: EMPOWER-H (Engaging and Motivating Patients Online With Enhanced Resources-Hypertension) is a personalized-care model facilitating engagement in hypertension self-management utilizing an interactive Web-based disease management system integrated with the electronic health record. The model is designed to support timely patient-provider interaction by incorporating decision support technology to individualize care and provide personalized feedback for patients with chronic disease...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926856/positive-effects-of-promoting-physical-activity-and-balanced-diets-in-a-primary-school-setting-with-a-high-proportion-of-migrant-school-children
#18
Katharina S Weber, Olaf Spörkel, Melina Mertens, Alem Freese, Klaus Strassburger, Boris Kemper, Clemens Bachmann, Knut Diehlmann, Theodor Stemper, Anette E Buyken, Kerstin Ketelhut, Karsten Müssig
Background Children with migration background are at particular risk for overweight. We assessed the effects of a primary school-based initiative targeted at enhancing physical activity and dietary education among children with a high proportion of migration background. Methods Four 3(rd) and 4(th) grade classes (n=70 children, 77% with migration background) participated in a 10-months intervention comprising 2 additional exercise lessons weekly and 10 nutrition lessons per school year. 6 school classes (n=125 children, 65% with migration background) served as control...
September 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919371/perinatal-deficiency-in-dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-potentiates-sucrose-reward-and-diet-induced-obesity-in-mice
#19
Stéphanie Auguste, Sandeep Sharma, Alexandre Fisette, Maria F Fernandes, Caroline Daneault, Christine Des Rosiers, Stephanie Fulton
Insufficient dietary intake of essential omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (N-3), especially during critical stages of development, is well-associated with negative neurological and metabolic consequences. The increased availability and intake of foods rich in saturated fat coincides with reduced N-3 consumption, yet how N-3 dietary deficiency during perinatal development modulates motivation for palatable food and interacts with a high-fat diet to affect body weight and emotional states is not clear. Pregnant C57Bl6 mice and pups were subjected to diets either deficient or adequate (control) in N-3 until postnatal day 21...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918581/concurrent-improvement-in-both-binge-eating-and-depressive-symptoms-with-naltrexone-bupropion-therapy-in-overweight-or-obese-subjects-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-an-open-label-uncontrolled-study
#20
Anna I Guerdjikova, Brandon Walsh, Kevin Shan, Amy E Halseth, Eduardo Dunayevich, Susan L McElroy
INTRODUCTION: Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with obesity and major depressive disorder (MDD). Naltrexone extended-release (ER)/bupropion ER (NB) is approved as an adjunct to diet and physical activity for chronic weight management. In a prospectively designed 24-week open-label, single-arm, single-site trial of 25 women with MDD and overweight/obesity, NB reduced weight and depressive symptoms. METHODS: This post hoc analysis investigated the relationship between change in self-reported binge eating behavior (evaluated with the Binge Eating Scale [BES]) and changes in weight, control of eating, and depressive symptoms...
September 16, 2017: Advances in Therapy
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