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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549978/gestational-weight-gain
#1
REVIEW
Michelle A Kominiarek, Alan M Peaceman
Prenatal care providers are advised to evaluate maternal weight at each regularly scheduled prenatal visit, monitor progress toward meeting weight gain goals, and provide individualized counseling if significant deviations from a woman's goals occur. Today, nearly 50% of women exceed their weight gain goals with overweight and obese women having the highest prevalence of excessive weight gain. Risks of inadequate weight gain include low birth weight and failure to initiate breastfeeding whereas the risks of excessive weight gain include cesarean deliveries and post-partum weight retention for the mother and large for gestational age infants, macrosomia, and childhood overweight or obesity for the offspring...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540101/health-status-and-lifestyle-habits-of-us-medical-students-a-longitudinal-study
#2
B J Brehm, S S Summer, J C Khoury, A T Filak, M A Lieberman, J E Heubi
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows that physicians and medical students who engage in healthy lifestyle habits are more likely to counsel patients about such behaviors. Yet medical school is a challenging time that may bring about undesired changes to health and lifestyle habits. AIMS: This study assessed changes in students' health and lifestyle behaviors during medical school. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In a longitudinal study, students were assessed at both the beginning and end of medical school...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533568/leveraging-geotagged-twitter-data-to-examine-neighborhood-happiness-diet-and-physical-activity
#3
Quynh C Nguyen, Suraj Kath, Hsien-Wen Meng, Dapeng Li, Ken Robert Smith, James A VanDerslice, Ming Wen, Feifei Li
OBJECTIVES: Using publicly available, geotagged Twitter data, we created neighborhood indicators for happiness, food and physical activity for three large counties: Salt Lake, San Francisco and New York. METHODS: We utilize 2.8 million tweets collected between February-August 2015 in our analysis. Geo-coordinates of where tweets were sent allow us to spatially join them to 2010 census tract locations. We implemented quality control checks and tested associations between Twitter-derived variables and sociodemographic characteristics...
August 2016: Applied Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532431/high-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-peruvian-adolescents-living-in-a-peri-urban-shantytown-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Elizabeth S Abbs, José Viñoles, Jorge O Alarcón, Heather M Johnson, Joseph R Zunt
BACKGROUND: Adults of the peri-urban Peruvian shantytown of Lomas de Zapallal have a high prevalence of risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD)-likely due to behavioral choices established during childhood and adolescence. To guide the development of community-based risk reduction programs, we assessed the prevalence of risk factors for developing CVD among adolescents. METHODS: We collected cross sectional data from adolescents of Peruvian peri-urban shantytown to evaluate four domains of CVD risk factors: (1) clinical (blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and blood lipids), (2) anthropometric (height, weight, and waist circumference), (3) behavioral (physical activity, diet, and substance abuse), and (4) psychosocial (mental health and violence)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526361/recruitment-enrollment-and-response-of-parent-adolescent-dyads-in-the-flashe-study
#5
April Y Oh, Terisa Davis, Laura A Dwyer, Erin Hennessy, Tiandong Li, Amy L Yaroch, Linda C Nebeling
INTRODUCTION: In 2014, the National Cancer Institute conducted the Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study (FLASHE). This parent and adolescent survey examines psychosocial; generational (parent-adolescent); and environmental (home and neighborhood) correlates of cancer-preventive behaviors, with a particular emphasis on diet and physical activity. This paper describes the FLASHE data collection methods and enrollment and response rates. METHODS: FLASHE data collection methods included web-based surveys delivered to dyads of parents and their adolescent children, and deployment of accelerometers to a subset of adolescents, to achieve study goals in a nationwide study sample...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526360/the-flashe-study-survey-development-dyadic-perspectives-and-participant-characteristics
#6
Linda C Nebeling, Erin Hennessy, April Y Oh, Laura A Dwyer, Heather Patrick, Heidi M Blanck, Frank M Perna, Rebecca A Ferrer, Amy L Yaroch
The National Cancer Institute developed the Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study to examine multiple cancer preventive behaviors within parent-adolescent dyads. The purpose of creating FLASHE was to enable the examination of physical activity, diet, and other cancer preventive behaviors and potential correlates among parent-adolescent dyads. FLASHE surveys were developed from a process involving literature reviews, scientific input from experts in the field, cognitive testing, and usability testing...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525445/priorities-and-preferences-for-weight-management-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-in-primary-care
#7
Lynne S Nemeth, LaShanta J Rice, Maryellen Potts, Cathy Melvin, Melanie Jefferson, Chanita Hughes-Halbert
Implementing behavioral interventions for cardiovascular risk reduction and weight management is challenging in primary care. Primary care patients and providers were recruited for qualitative interviews to identify priorities and preferences for addressing weight management. Thematic analysis was used to identify relevant resources, barriers to lifestyle modification, health behavior change, and implementation of weight management strategies into care. Patients and providers prioritized increasing physical activity and healthy diets when managing chronic disease; and reported decreased patient motivation, knowledge, and limited organizational capacity and time among providers to deliver intensive interventions...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523941/lifestyle-as-medicine-the-case-for-a-true-health-initiative
#8
David L Katz, Elizabeth P Frates, Jonathan P Bonnet, Sanjay K Gupta, Erkki Vartiainen, Richard H Carmona
The power of lifestyle as medicine was perceived thousands of years ago. There is now consistent and compelling science to support the important influence of lifestyle on health. Approximately 80% of chronic disease and premature death could be prevented by not smoking, being physically active, and adhering to a healthful dietary pattern. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, dementia, and cancer are all influenced by lifestyle choices. Despite the ample evidence about what behaviors promote health, confusion still prevails among the general population...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511962/interventions-for-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-in-relatives-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Elena Dimcheva Dimova, Andrea Rene Mary Mohan, Vivien Swanson, Josie M M Evans
The relatives and partners of people with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. This systematic review examines randomized controlled trials, written in English that tested an intervention, which aimed to modify behaviors known to delay or prevent type 2 diabetes, among the relatives or partners of people with type 2 diabetes. Study quality was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias. Seven studies met the inclusion criteria. The majority of studies were at low risk of bias...
May 13, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508013/self-reported-diagnosis-of-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-and-lifestyle-change-among-uninsured-primary-care-patients
#10
Shannon Weaver, Jeanie Ashby, Akiko Kamimura
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to examine self-reported diagnosis of type 1 and type 2 diabetes and lifestyle change among uninsured primary care patients utilizing a free clinic. METHODS: Free clinic patients participated in a self-administered survey in May and June 2016. Patients with the following self-reported diagnoses were analyzed: type 2 diabetes only (n = 84), and type 1 diabetes only or both (n = 43). RESULTS: Participants who reported having type 2 diabetes only and/or were patients of the diabetes clinic were less likely to have modified diet and/or physical activity to manage diabetes compared to those with type 1 diabetes and/or those who were not patients of the diabetes clinic...
January 2017: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507516/body-brain-connections-the-effects-of-obesity-and-behavioral-interventions-on-neurocognitive-aging
#11
REVIEW
Chelsea M Stillman, Andrea M Weinstein, Anna L Marsland, Peter J Gianaros, Kirk I Erickson
Obesity is a growing public health problem in the United States, particularly in middle-aged and older adults. Although the key factors leading to a population increase in body weight are still under investigation, there is evidence that certain behavioral interventions can mitigate the negative cognitive and brain ("neurocognitive") health consequences of obesity. The two primary behaviors most often targeted for weight loss are caloric intake and physical activity. These behaviors might have independent, as well as overlapping/synergistic effects on neurocognitive health...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506221/the-association-between-urbanization-and-reduced-renal-function-findings-from-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#12
Yosuke Inoue, Annie Green Howard, Amanda L Thompson, Michelle A Mendez, Amy H Herring, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: While chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing public health concern in low- and middle-income countries, such as China, few studies have investigated the association between urbanization and the occurrence of CKD in those countries. METHODS: We investigated the association between urbanization and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), an important CKD risk marker. Data came from the China Health and Nutrition Survey wave 2009, in which we collected fasting serum, individual and household data along with community level urbanization data, which was used to derive a study-specific urbanization measure, in 218 communities across nine provinces...
May 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495039/emotional-symptoms-and-dietary-patterns-in-early-adolescence-a-school-based-follow-up-study
#13
Estefania Aparicio, Josefa Canals, Núria Voltas, Anna Valenzano, Victoria Arija
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between early emotional symptoms and dietary patterns over 3 years in a school-based sample. DESIGN: Three-year longitudinal prospective study. SETTING: Thirteen schools in Reus, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: From a sample of 562 preadolescents with and without emotional symptoms, 165 were observed and were classified as either showing (n = 100) or not showing emotional symptoms (n = 65)...
May 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481961/healthy-lifestyle-during-early-pregnancy-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Sylvia E Badon, Daniel A Enquobahrie, Paige D Wartko, Raymond S Miller, Chunfang Qiu, Bizu Gelaye, Tanya K Sorensen, Michelle A Williams
Previous studies have found associations between individual healthy behaviors and reduced risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); however, the association of composite healthy lifestyle during pregnancy with GDM has not been examined. Participants (n = 3,005) in the Omega study, a pregnancy cohort in Washington State (1996-2008), reported diet, physical activity, smoking, and stress during early pregnancy. Lifestyle components were dichotomized into healthy/unhealthy, then combined into a total lifestyle score (0-4)...
May 6, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480225/diet-and-physical-activity-intervention-strategies-for-college-students
#15
Yannica Theda S Martinez, Brook E Harmon, Claudio R Nigg, Erin O Bantum, Shaila Strayhorn
OBJECTIVES: To understand perceived barriers of a diverse sample of college students and their suggestions for interventions aimed at healthy eating, cooking, and physical activity. METHODS: Forty students (33% Asian American, 30% mixed ethnicity) were recruited. Six focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed, and coded. Coding began with a priori codes, but allowed for additional codes to emerge. Analysis of questionnaires on participants' dietary and physical activity practices and behaviors provided context for qualitative findings...
July 2016: Health Behavior and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479881/a-systematic-review-of-factors-affecting-energy-intake-of-adolescent-girls
#16
Bibi Mushirah Jodhun, Dhandevi Pem, Rajesh Jeewon
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is considered a critical period marked by an increase in energy intake to meet the body's physiological needs especially during puberty. This study reviews existing literature and critically analyses factors associated with eating habits and energy intake of adolescent girls. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted to identify at least 200 peer reviewed articles which dealt with the factors affecting energy intake (EI) and eating habits of adolescent girls...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471699/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-examining-the-effectiveness-of-mobile-health-technologies-in-using-self-monitoring-for-pediatric-weight-management
#17
Katherine E Darling, Amy F Sato
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is a public health concern related to multiple negative physical and psychosocial problems. While behavioral weight control (BWC) interventions are generally effective in decreasing pediatric weight status, these interventions are not able to reach the third of U.S. children currently classified as overweight or obese. METHOD: This review and meta-analysis examined the overall effectiveness of mobile health (mHealth) technologies employing self-monitoring, a central component of change within BWC, to decrease pediatric weight status...
May 4, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470368/breast-cancer-survivors-preferences-for-technology-supported-exercise-interventions
#18
Siobhan M Phillips, David E Conroy, Sarah Kozey Keadle, Christine A Pellegrini, Gillian R Lloyd, Frank J Penedo, Bonnie Spring
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore breast cancer survivors' interest in and preferences for technology-supported exercise interventions. METHODS: Post-treatment survivors [n = 279; M age = 60.7 (SD = 9.7)] completed a battery of online questionnaires in August 2015. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all data. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine relationships between survivors' interest in a technology-supported exercise interventions and demographic, disease, and behavioral factors...
May 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464958/behavioral-determinants-of-physical-activity-across-the-life-course-a-determinants-of-diet-and-physical-activity-dedipac-umbrella-systematic-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Giancarlo Condello, Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Chantal Simon, Donatella Ciarapica, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D'Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Aileen Kennedy, Fiona Chun Man Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Caterina Pesce, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Walter Ricciardi, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, Stefania Boccia
BACKGROUND: Low levels of physical activity (PA) are a global concern and increasing PA engagement is becoming a priority in current public health policies. Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the behavioral determinants of PA is still inconclusive. Thus, the aim of this umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) was to summarize the evidence on the behavioral determinants of PA across the life course. METHODS: A systematic online search was conducted on MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus databases...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464587/-the-joint-effects-of-major-lifestyle-factors-on-stomach-cancer-risk-among-chinese-men-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Q L Zhang, W Zheng, H L Li, J Gao, J Fang, L F Gao, D K Liu, X O Shu, Y B Xiang
Objective: To investigate the combined impact of lifestyle factors on stomach cancer risk. Methods: We analyzed the data from the Shanghai Men's Health Study (SMHS) (2002-2013). The SMHS was conducted in eight neighborhood communities of urban Shanghai. From 2002 through June 2006, 61 480 residents aged 40 to 74 years old with no history of cancer were recruited. Failure time was the date of stomach cancer incidence, death or date of the last follow-up (December 31, 2013). The first two in-person follow-up surveys were conducted in 2004-2008, and 2008-2011, respectively...
May 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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