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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725542/self-reported-health-and-behavioral-factors-are-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-americans-aged-40-and-over
#1
Ying Liu, Ifeoma D Ozodiegwu, Jeffrey C Nickel, Kesheng Wang, Laura R Iwasaki
To determine whether behavioral factors differ among metabolic conditions and self-reported health, and to determine whether self-reported health is a valid predictor of metabolic syndrome (MetS). A total of 2997 individuals (≥ 40 years old) were selected from four biennial U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2007-2014). A set of weighted logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)Individuals with light physical activity are more likely to have MetS and report poor health than those with vigorous physical activity with OR = 3...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717922/healthy-living-behaviors-among-chinese-american-preschool-aged-children-results-of-a-parent-survey
#2
Virginia Rall Chomitz, Alison Brown, Victoria Lee, Aviva Must, Kenneth Kwan Ho Chui
Associations between diet, physical activity, parenting, and acculturation among Chinese-American children are understudied. Parents/caregivers of children attending child-care programs in Boston Chinatown completed a self-administered survey on demographics, child's diet, physical activities, anthropometrics, and parenting practices. Associations were evaluated in multivariable regression analysis, stratified by survey language preference, a proxy for acculturation. Responding Asian families = 132; 86...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712161/a-health-behavior-score-is-associated-with-hypertension-and-obesity-among-australian-adults
#3
Katherine M Livingstone, Sarah A McNaughton
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between a health behavior score and prevalence of hypertension and overweight/obesity. METHODS: Adults (n = 4,609; 19-85 years) were included from the cross-sectional Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. A health behavior score was derived based on individuals meeting recommendations for diet quality, smoking, physical activity, sedentary time, and sleep. Poisson regression estimated the prevalence ratio (PR) of hypertension and overweight/obesity by health behavior score...
July 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697971/methodology-for-developing-a-new-efnep-food-and-physical-activity-behaviors-questionnaire
#4
Erin K Murray, Garry Auld, Susan S Baker, Karen Barale, Karen Franck, Tarana Khan, Debra Palmer-Keenan, Jennifer Walsh
OBJECTIVE: Research methods are described for developing a food and physical activity behaviors questionnaire for the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP), a US Department of Agriculture nutrition education program serving low-income families. DESIGN: Mixed-methods observational study. The questionnaire will include 5 domains: (1) diet quality, (2) physical activity, (3) food safety, (4) food security, and (5) food resource management. A 5-stage process will be used to assess the questionnaire's test-retest reliability and content, face, and construct validity...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697260/behavioral-counseling-to-promote-a-healthful-diet-and-physical-activity-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-adults-without-cardiovascular-risk-factors-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#5
David C Grossman, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Adults who adhere to national guidelines for a healthful diet and physical activity have lower rates of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than those who do not. All persons, regardless of their risk status for cardiovascular disease (CVD), can gain health benefits from healthy eating behaviors and appropriate physical activity. Objective: To update the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for cardiovascular disease prevention among adults without obesity who do not have cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, abnormal blood glucose levels, or diabetes)...
July 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697259/behavioral-counseling-to-promote-a-healthful-diet-and-physical-activity-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-adults-without-known-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#6
REVIEW
Carrie D Patnode, Corrine V Evans, Caitlyn A Senger, Nadia Redmond, Jennifer S Lin
Importance: Unhealthful dietary patterns, low levels of physical activity, and high sedentary time increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Objective: To systematically review the evidence on the benefits and harms of behavioral counseling for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in adults without known cardiovascular risk factors to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PsycINFO for studies published in the English language between January 1, 2013, and May 25, 2016, and ongoing surveillance in targeted publications through March 24, 2017...
July 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697229/healthful-diet-and-physical-activity-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-adults-without-known-risk-factors-is-behavioral-counselling-necessary
#7
Simon Capewell, Christopher Dowrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690065/effects-of-replacing-maize-silage-with-lucerne-silage-and-lucerne-silage-chop-length-on-rumen-function-and-milk-fatty-acid-composition
#8
A L Thomson, D J Humphries, K E Kliem, M T Dittmann, C K Reynolds
The objective of this study was to investigate whether higher lucerne (Medicago sativa; alfalfa) silage inclusion rate and longer lucerne chop length improves rumen function through increased provision of physically effective fiber, when included in a maize and lucerne silage-based total mixed ration. Diets were formulated to contain a 50:50 forage:concentrate ratio [dry matter (DM) basis] and be isonitrogenous and contain equal levels of neutral detergent fiber (320 g/kg). The forage portion of the offered diets was composed of maize and lucerne silage DM in proportions (wt/wt) of either 25:75 (high lucerne; HL) or 75:25 (low lucerne; LL)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688728/community-policies-and-programs-to-prevent-obesity-and-child-adiposity
#9
Edward A Frongillo, Stephen B Fawcett, Lorrene D Ritchie, S Sonia Arteaga, Catherine M Loria, Russell R Pate, Lisa V John, Warren J Strauss, Maria Gregoriou, Vicki L Collie-Akers, Jerry A Schultz, Andrew J Landgraf, Jyothi Nagaraja
INTRODUCTION: Evidence regarding impact of community policies and programs (CPPs) to prevent child obesity is limited, and which combinations of strategies and components are most important is not understood. The Healthy Communities Study was an observational study to assess relationships of characteristics and intensity of CPPs with adiposity, diet, and physical activity in children, taking advantage of variation across the U.S. in community actions to prevent child obesity. The study examined the association of CPPs to prevent child obesity with measured BMI and waist circumference, hypothesizing that communities with more-comprehensive CPPs would have children with lower adiposity...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670906/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-mediterranean-style-diet-intervention-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-for-low-income-hispanic-american-women
#10
Yaniré Estrada Del Campo, Laura Cubillos, Maihan B Vu, Aurelia Aguirre, Daniel S Reuland, Thomas C Keyserling
OBJECTIVE: Evidence for the cardioprotective effects of a Mediterranean-style (Med-style) diet is strong, however few Med-style dietary interventions have been developed for and tested among Hispanic Americans (HAs), especially younger HAs of reproductive age whose dietary habits may strongly influence dietary intake for all family members. DESIGN: We adapted a previously tested and evidence-informed lifestyle intervention to reduce CVD risk and evaluated its feasibility, acceptability, and effects on self-reported lifestyle behaviors in this study enrolling low-income HA women attending a Title X family planning clinic in eastern North Carolina...
July 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664624/adherence-to-a-lifestyle-program-for-youth-with-type-2-diabetes-and-its-association-with-treatment-outcome-in-the-today-clinical-trial
#11
Robert I Berkowitz, Marsha D Marcus, Barbara J Anderson, Linda Delahanty, Nisha Grover, Andrea Kriska, Lori Laffel, Amy Syme, Elizabeth Venditti, Dorothy J Van Buren, Denise E Wilfley, Patrice Yasuda, Kathryn Hirst
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of proxies of behavioral adherence to the Treatment Options for type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TODAY) lifestyle program with changes in glycemic control and obesity in a multi-ethnic sample of youth with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The TODAY clinical trial included an intensive lifestyle intervention to promote weight reduction. Adherence was assessed with measures of attendance at intervention sessions and rates of self-monitoring of diet and physical activity by participants and their caregivers...
June 30, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662555/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-after-an-employer-based-risk-reduction-program-an-observational-cohort-study
#12
David H Holben, Chelsea Rambo, Cheryl Howe, Deborah H Murray, Jay H Shubrook
Context: The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be a public health concern. Workplace interventions that focus on modifying lifestyle habits may reduce CVD risk factors in people at risk. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention program that integrated dietary modification, physical activity, stress management, and behavior modification counseling to reduce the risk of CVD in at-risk adults. Methods: Twelve 1-year cohorts who participated in a comprehensive employer-sponsored lifestyle intervention program targeting diet, exercise, behavior modification, and stress management between 2006 and 2010 at a rural university in Appalachian Ohio were studied...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652461/cardiovascular-health-and-incident-hypertension-in-blacks-jhs-the-jackson-heart-study
#13
John N Booth, Marwah Abdalla, Rikki M Tanner, Keith M Diaz, Samantha G Bromfield, Gabriel S Tajeu, Adolfo Correa, Mario Sims, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Adam P Bress, Tanya M Spruill, Daichi Shimbo, Paul Muntner
Several modifiable health behaviors and health factors that comprise the Life's Simple 7-a cardiovascular health metric-have been associated with hypertension risk. We determined the association between cardiovascular health and incident hypertension in JHS (the Jackson Heart Study)-a cohort of blacks. We analyzed participants without hypertension or cardiovascular disease at baseline (2000-2004) who attended ≥1 follow-up visit in 2005 to 2008 or 2009 to 2012 (n=1878). Body mass index, physical activity, diet, cigarette smoking, blood pressure (BP), total cholesterol, and fasting glucose were assessed at baseline and categorized as ideal, intermediate, or poor using the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 definitions...
June 26, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645040/longitudinal-effects-of-religious-involvement-on-religious-coping-and-health-behaviors-in-a-national-sample-of-african-americans
#14
Cheryl L Holt, David L Roth, Jin Huang, Crystal L Park, Eddie M Clark
Many studies have examined associations between religious involvement and health, linking various dimensions of religion with a range of physical health outcomes and often hypothesizing influences on health behaviors. However, far fewer studies have examined explanatory mechanisms of the religion-health connection, and most have overwhelmingly relied on cross-sectional analyses. Given the relatively high levels of religious involvement among African Americans and the important role that religious coping styles may play in health, the present study tested a longitudinal model of religious coping as a potential mediator of a multidimensional religious involvement construct (beliefs; behaviors) on multiple health behaviors (e...
June 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641072/overweight-obesity-and-extreme-obesity-among-mississippi-adults-2001-2010-and-2011-2015
#15
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Gerri Cannon-Smith, Marinelle Payton
INTRODUCTION: In 2015, about 1.5 million adults in Mississippi were overweight or obese. Obesity is associated with increased risk for diabetes and cardiovascular problems. We examined trends in the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity from 2001 through 2010 and 2011 through 2015. METHODS: We used data from the Mississippi Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to analyze trends in the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity among adults from 2001 through 2010 and 2011 through 2015...
June 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632175/physical-fitness-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-or-diet-what-are-the-correlates-of-obesity-in-polish-school-children
#16
Stanisław H Czyż, Abel L Toriola, Wojciech Starościak, Marek Lewandowski, Yvonne Paul, Adewale L Oyeyemi
There is substantial evidence of rising prevalence of overweight and obesity and its co-morbidities among children in western-high income developed countries. In the European Union, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing fastest among Polish children. Yet, there is paucity of evidence on the relationship of behavioral factors with body weight status of children in Poland. This study examined the association of obesity with physical fitness, physical activity, sedentary behavior and diet among Polish children...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632162/beyond-food-access-the-impact-of-parent-home-and-neighborhood-level-factors-on-children-s-diets
#17
Lauren Futrell Dunaway, Thomas Carton, Ping Ma, Adrienne R Mundorf, Kelsey Keel, Katherine P Theall
Despite the growth in empirical research on neighborhood environmental characteristics and their influence on children's diets, physical activity, and obesity, much remains to be learned, as few have examined the relationship between neighborhood food availability on dietary behavior in children, specifically. This analysis utilized data from a community-based, cross-sectional sample of children (n = 199) that was collected in New Orleans, Louisiana, in 2010. This dataset was linked to food environment data to assess the impact of neighborhood food access as well as household and parent factors on children's diets...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631241/improving-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-overweight-and-inactive-patients-through-an-educational-and-motivational-intervention-addressing-diet-and-physical-activity-a-prospective-study-in-naples-south-italy
#18
Francesca Gallé, Valeria Di Onofrio, Assunta Cirella, Mirella Di Dio, Alessandra Miele, Tiziana Spinosa, Giorgio Liguori
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition and physical activity are key elements in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. A community-based, multidisciplinary educational intervention aimed to improve quality of life and disease self-management in sedentary, overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients was implemented in Naples, South Italy. METHODS: The 9-month intervention included a motivational program, a nutrition program, and an exercise program. Satisfaction, worry, and embarrassment regarding their condition, together with disease-related behaviors and propensity towards physical activity, were evaluated through a validated questionnaire before and after the intervention; health status perception was evaluated through the short-form 12 questionnaire...
June 19, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629411/prevalence-and-predictors-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-people-with-coronary-heart-disease-or-at-risk-for-this-in-the-sixth-troms%C3%A3-study-a-comparative-analysis-using-protection-motivation-theory
#19
Agnete E Kristoffersen, Fuschia M Sirois, Trine Stub, Anne Helen Hansen
BACKGROUND: Engagement in healthy lifestyle behaviors, such as healthy diet and regular physical activity, are known to reduce the risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD). Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is known to be associated with having a healthy lifestyle. The primary aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and predictors of CAM use in CHD patients, and in those without CHD but at risk for developing CHD, using Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) as a guiding conceptual framework...
June 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629222/associations-of-parental-self-efficacy-with-diet-physical-activity-body-composition-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-swedish-preschoolers-results-from-the-ministop-trial
#20
Niyati Parekh, Pontus Henriksson, Christine Delisle Nyström, Kristin Silfvernagel, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Jeremy Pomeroy, Marie Löf
BACKGROUND: High parental self-efficacy (PSE) has been associated with healthy diets and higher levels of physical activity (PA) in children; however, data on PSE in relation to body weight and body composition are scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of PSE with measures of diet, PA, body composition, and physical fitness in early childhood. METHOD: We used baseline data from the MINISTOP trial in healthy Swedish children ( n = 301; 4...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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