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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894012/depression-in-cancer-the-many-biobehavioral-pathways-driving-tumor-progression
#1
REVIEW
Beatrice Bortolato, Thomas N Hyphantis, Sara Valpione, Giulia Perini, Michael Maes, Gerwyn Morris, Marta Kubera, Cristiano A Köhler, Brisa S Fernandes, Brendon Stubbs, Nicholas Pavlidis, André F Carvalho
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is common among cancer patients, with prevalence rates up to four-times higher than the general population. Depression confers worse outcomes, including non-adherence to treatment and increased mortality in the oncology setting. Advances in the understanding of neurobiological underpinnings of depression have revealed shared biobehavioral mechanisms may contribute to cancer progression. Moreover, psychosocial stressors in cancer promote: (1) inflammation and oxidative/nitrosative stress; (2) a decreased immunosurveillance; and (3) a dysfunctional activation of the autonomic nervous system and of the hypothalamic-pituitaryadrenal axis...
November 16, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847850/predictors-of-upper-extremity-physical-function-in-older-adults
#2
Hugo H Hermanussen, Mariano E Menendez, Neal C Chen, David Ring, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the influence of habitual participation in physical exercise and diet on upper-extremity physical function in older adults. To assess the relationship of general physical exercise and diet to upper-extremity physical function and pain intensity in older adults. METHODS: A cohort of 111 patients 50 or older completed a sociodemographic survey, the Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA), an 11-point ordinal pain intensity scale, a Mediterranean diet questionnaire, and three Patient- Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) based questionnaires: Pain Interference to measure inability to engage in activities due to pain, Upper-Extremity Physical Function, and Depression...
October 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814701/sexual-function-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-associations-with-demographic-disease-and-lifestyle-characteristics-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#3
Claudia H Marck, Pia L Jelinek, Tracey J Weiland, Jane S Hocking, Alysha M De Livera, Keryn L Taylor, Sandra L Neate, Naresh G Pereira, George A Jelinek
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction (SD) is very common in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) and contributes a significant burden of disease, particularly for young people. SD has direct neurological contributions from depression and fatigue, which occur commonly in PwMS. Modifiable factors may represent potential targets for treatment and prevention of SD. We aimed to assess the prevalence of SD and explore associations between SD and demographic and modifiable risk factors, as well as depression and fatigue in a large cohort of PwMS...
November 4, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738232/lifestyle-factors-and-adolescent-depressive-symptomatology-associations-and-effect-sizes-of-diet-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour
#4
Joshua Hayward, Felice N Jacka, Helen Skouteris, Lynne Millar, Claudia Strugnell, Boyd A Swinburn, Steven Allender
OBJECTIVE: Depression affects many Australian adolescents. Research points to the potential of lifestyle improvement for the population-level prevention of mental disorders. However, most studies examine single relationships without considering the combined contribution of lifestyle factors to variance in depression. This study examined associations between adolescent diet, physical activity and screen time behaviours and depressive symptomatology. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of year 8 and 10 students was recruited from 23 participating schools in 18 Victorian communities...
October 12, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733954/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-positive-psychological-intervention-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Christina M DuBois, Rachel A Millstein, Christopher M Celano, Deborah J Wexler, Jeff C Huffman
OBJECTIVE: Positive psychological attributes (eg, optimism) have been associated with a healthier lifestyle and superior medical outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes; however, there has been minimal study of behavioral interventions that target positive psychological constructs in this population. Accordingly, we developed a novel, telephone-based, 12-week positive psychology intervention and assessed its feasibility and short-term impact in adults with type 2 diabetes and suboptimal health behavior adherence...
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693201/dietary-choline-deficiency-and-excess-induced-intestinal-inflammation-and-alteration-of-intestinal-tight-junction-protein-transcription-potentially-by-modulating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-stat-and-p38-mapk-signaling-molecules-in-juvenile-jian-carp
#6
Pei Wu, Wei-Dan Jiang, Jun Jiang, Juan Zhao, Yang Liu, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Lin Feng
This study investigated the effects of choline on intestinal mucosal immune and the possible mechanisms in fish by feeding juvenile Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian) with graded levels of dietary choline (165-1820 mg/kg diet) for 65 days. The results firstly showed that choline deficiency induced inflammatory infiltration in the proximal intestine (PI), mid intestine (MI) and distal intestine (DI) of fish. Meanwhile, compared with the optimal choline group, choline deficiency decreased the activities of lysozyme and acid phosphatase, contents of complement 3 and IgM in the intestine, downregulated the mRNA levels of antimicrobial peptides (liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide (LEAP) 2A and defensin-3 in the PI and MI, LEAP-2B and hepcidin in the PI, MI and DI), anti-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin (IL) 10 and transforming growth factor β2 in the PI, MI and DI), and signaling molecule IκB in the PI, MI and DI; while upregulated the mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6a and tumor necrosis factor α in the MI and DI, interferon γ2b in the PI and MI, IL-1β and IL-6b in the PI, MI and DI), and signaling molecules (Toll-like receptor 4 in the MI, myeloid differentiation primary response 88 in the PI and MI, Janus kinase 3 and tyrosine kinase 2 in the MI and DI, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) 4 and STAT5 in the PI, MI and DI) of juvenile Jian carp, further indicating that choline deficiency caused inflammation and immunity depression in the intestine of fish...
September 28, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681572/stepwise-structured-lifestyle-education-for-people-with-schizophrenia-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Rebecca Gossage-Worrall, Richard I G Holt, Katharine Barnard, Marian E Carey, Melanie J Davies, Chris Dickens, Yvonne Doherty, Charlotte Edwardson, Paul French, Fiona Gaughran, Kathryn Greenwood, Sridevi Kalidindi, Daniel Hind, Kamlesh Khunti, Paul McCrone, Jonathan Mitchell, John Pendlebury, Shanaya Rathod, David Shiers, Najma Siddiqi, Lizzie Swaby, Stephen Wright
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia are two to three times more likely to be overweight than the general population. The UK National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends an annual physical health review with signposting to, or provision of, a lifestyle programme to address weight concerns and obesity. The purpose of this randomised controlled trial is to assess whether a group-based structured education programme can help people with schizophrenia to lose weight...
September 29, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646264/depression-daily-stressors-and-inflammatory-responses-to-high-fat-meals-when-stress-overrides-healthier-food-choices
#8
J K Kiecolt-Glaser, C P Fagundes, R Andridge, J Peng, W B Malarkey, D Habash, M A Belury
Depression, stress and diet can all alter inflammation. This double-blind, randomized crossover study addressed the impact of daily stressors and a history of major depressive disorder (MDD) on inflammatory responses to high-fat meals. During two separate 9.5 h admissions, 58 healthy women (38 breast cancer survivors and 20 demographically similar controls), mean age 53.1 years, received either a high saturated fat meal or a high oleic sunflower oil meal. The Daily Inventory of Stressful Events assessed prior day stressors and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV evaluated MDD...
September 20, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640333/dietary-vitamin-c-deficiency-depressed-the-gill-physical-barriers-and-immune-barriers-referring-to-nrf2-apoptosis-mlck-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-tor-signaling-in-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella-under-infection-of-flavobacterium-columnare
#9
Hui-Jun Xu, Wei-Dan Jiang, Lin Feng, Yang Liu, Pei Wu, Jun Jiang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou
This study explored the effects of vitamin C on the physical barriers and immune barriers, and relative mRNA levels of signaling molecules in the gill of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) under infection of Flavobacterium columnare. The results indicated that compared with optimal vitamin C supplementation, vitamin C deficiency (2.9 mg/kg diet) (1) increased reactive oxygen species, malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl (PC) contents (P < 0.05), decreased the copper/zinc superoxide dismutase, manganese superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase activities and mRNA levels (P < 0...
September 15, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621237/reducing-depression-during-the-menopausal-transition-with-health-coaching-results-from-the-healthy-menopausal-transition-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Osvaldo P Almeida, Kylie Marsh, Karen Murray, Martha Hickey, Moira Sim, Andrew Ford, Leon Flicker
OBJECTIVE: To determine if health coaching (HC) decreases the incidence of depression, reduces the severity of symptoms, and increases quality of life during the menopausal transition (MT). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Parallel, single-blinded, randomised controlled trial of 6 sessions of phone-delivered HC compared with usual care. Participants were 351 community-dwelling women free of major depression going through the MT, of whom 180 were assigned the intervention and 171 usual care...
October 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612362/fatty-acid-blood-levels-vitamin-d-status-physical-performance-activity-and-resiliency-a-novel-potential-screening-tool-for-depressed-mood-in-active-duty-soldiers
#11
Nicholas D Barringer, Russ S Kotwal, Michael D Lewis, Leslee K Funderburk, Timothy R Elliott, Stephen F Crouse, Stephen B Smith, Michael Greenwood, Richard B Kreider
This study examined whether blood fatty acid levels, vitamin D status, and/or physical activity are associated with physical fitness scores; a measure of mood, Patient Health Questionnaire-9; and a measure of resiliency, Dispositional Resiliency Scale-15 in active duty Soldiers. 100 active duty males at Fort Hood, Texas, underwent a battery of psychometric tests, anthropometric measurements, and fitness tests, and they also provided fasting blood samples for fatty acid and vitamin D analysis. Pearson bivariate correlation analysis revealed significant correlations among psychometric tests, anthropometric measurements, physical performance, reported physical inactivity (sitting time), and fatty acid and vitamin D blood levels...
September 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582679/the-effectiveness-of-a-weight-loss-diet-in-a-group-of-overweight-and-obese-women-with-recurrent-depressive-disorders
#12
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Beata Konarzewska, Lucyna Ostrowska
INTRODUCTION: The research conducted among patients with depression shows that such patients commit a range of nutritional mistakes which may predispose them to the development of many diseases including obesity and its complications. AIM OF THE STUDY: Aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of a balanced weight loss diet in a group of women with recurrent depressive disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 60 women suffering from depression, aged 41-64 (mean 52 ±5...
June 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560960/the-cross-sectional-association-between-diet-quality-and-depressive-symptomology-amongst-fijian-adolescents
#13
Rachael Sinclair, Lynne Millar, Steven Allender, Wendy Snowdon, Gade Waqa, Felice Jacka, Marj Moodie, Solveig Petersen, Boyd Swinburn
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between diet quality and depressive symptomology amongst a community-based sample of Fijian adolescents. METHODS: Participants included 7,237 adolescents (52.6% girls; mean age 15.6 years) at baseline (2005) and 2,948 (56% girls; mean age 17.4 years) at follow-up (2007/2008), from the Pacific Obesity Prevention in Communities Project. Intervention schools (n = 7) were selected from Nasinu, near Suva on the main Fijian island Viti Levu, and comparison schools (n = 11) were chosen from towns on the opposite, west side of the island...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554525/use-and-appreciation-of-a-tailored-self-management-ehealth-intervention-for-early-cancer-survivors-process-evaluation-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Iris Maria Kanera, Roy A Willems, Catherine A W Bolman, Ilse Mesters, Victor Zambon, Brigitte Cm Gijsen, Lilian Lechner
BACKGROUND: A fully automated computer-tailored Web-based self-management intervention, Kanker Nazorg Wijzer (KNW [Cancer Aftercare Guide]), was developed to support early cancer survivors to adequately cope with psychosocial complaints and to promote a healthy lifestyle. The KNW self-management training modules target the following topics: return to work, fatigue, anxiety and depression, relationships, physical activity, diet, and smoking cessation. Participants were guided to relevant modules by personalized module referral advice that was based on participants’ current complaints and identified needs...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543830/impact-of-major-depressive-disorder-distinct-subtypes-and-symptom-severity-on-lifestyle-in-the-bidirect-study
#15
Corinna Rahe, Laura Khil, Jürgen Wellmann, Bernhard T Baune, Volker Arolt, Klaus Berger
The aim of this study was to examine associations of major depressive disorder (MDD), its distinct subtypes, and symptom severity with the individual lifestyle factors smoking, diet quality, physical activity, and body mass index as well as with a combined lifestyle index measuring the co-occurrence of these lifestyle factors. A sample of 823 patients with MDD and 597 non-depressed controls was examined. The psychiatric assessment was based on a clinical interview including the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543008/fatigue-is-associated-with-excess-mortality-in-the-general-population-results-from-the-epic-norfolk-study
#16
Neil Basu, Xingzi Yang, Robert N Luben, Daniel Whibley, Gary J Macfarlane, Nicholas J Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Phyo Kyaw Myint
BACKGROUND: Significant fatigue is a frequent reason for seeking medical advice in the general population. Patients, however, commonly feel their complaint is ignored. This situation may be because clinicians perceive fatigue to be benign, unrelated to traditional biomedical outcomes such as premature mortality. The present study aimed to investigate whether an association between significant fatigue and mortality actually exists, and, if so, to identify potential mechanisms of this association...
August 20, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527192/depression-anxiety-and-symptoms-of-stress-among-baccalaureate-nursing-students-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Teris Cheung, Siu Yi Wong, Kit Yi Wong, Lap Yan Law, Karen Ng, Man Tik Tong, Ka Yu Wong, Man Ying Ng, Paul S F Yip
This study examines the prevalence of depression, anxiety and symptoms of stress among baccalaureate nursing students in Hong Kong. Recent epidemiological data suggest that the prevalence of mild to severe depression, anxiety and stress among qualified nurses in Hong Kong stands at 35.8%, 37.3% and 41.1%, respectively. A total of 661 nursing students were recruited to participate in our cross-sectional mental health survey using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale 21. Multiple logistic regression was used to determine significant relationships between variables...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498949/association-between-inflammatory-potential-of-diet-and-risk-of-depression-in-middle-aged-women-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#18
Nitin Shivappa, Danielle A J M Schoenaker, James R Hebert, Gita D Mishra
Dietary factors and inflammation markers have been shown to play a role in the development of depression. However, there are very few studies that have explored the association between inflammatory potential of diet and risk of depression. In this study, we examined the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII), which was developed specifically to measure the inflammatory potential of diet, and risk of depression in the middle-aged cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health...
September 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470179/missed-opportunities-for-postpartum-behavioral-and-psychosocial-health-care-and-acceptability-of-screening-options
#19
Lorraine O Walker, Christina L Murphey, Bo Xie
OBJECTIVE: To examine occurrence of health care provider discussion of postpartum women's behavioral and psychosocial health, acceptability of screening, and access to a provider with whom to comfortably discuss sensitive topics. DESIGN: Mail survey during the first postpartum year. SETTING: Community dwelling. PARTICIPANTS: Postpartum women (N = 168) from diverse backgrounds. METHODS: Using vital records, we drew a random sample that was stratified on race/ethnicity and income from a Southwestern U...
September 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456374/experiences-with-a-low-iodine-diet-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-with-thyroid-cancer-receiving-radioactive-iodine-therapy
#20
Kyem Ju Lee, Sung Ok Chang, Kwang Yoon Jung
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe hormone interruption experiences related to not only physical problems, but also psychological, social, and spiritual problems, in patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy. METHODS: In-depth interviews were performed with five participants, four women and one man, aged between 28 and 58. The participants were subjected to high-dose radiation of 100-150 mCi and had experienced abrupt hormonal interruptions after undergoing total thyroidectomy...
August 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
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