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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629899/high-adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-and-lower-risk-of-frailty-among-french-older-adults-community-dwellers-results-from-the-three-city-bordeaux-study
#1
Berna Rahi, Soufiane Ajana, Maturin Tabue-Teguo, Jean-François Dartigues, Karine Peres, Catherine Feart
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mediterranean diet (MeDi) is considered as a key component for healthy aging, including prevention of age-related disability, while its association with frailty, independent of disability has never been assessed. Our objective was to investigate the relation between MeDi adherence and frailty incidence among persons aged ≥75 years participating at the prospective population-based French Three-City Study. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 560 initially non-frail participants of the Three-City-Bordeaux center, seen at the 2009-2010 follow-up, and re-examined two years later...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617837/risk-factors-and-protective-factors-associated-with-incident-or-increase-of-frailty-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#2
Zeyun Feng, Marjolein Lugtenberg, Carmen Franse, Xinye Fang, Shanlian Hu, Chunlin Jin, Hein Raat
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is one of the greatest challenges facing our aging population, as it can lead to adverse outcomes such as institutionalization, hospitalization, and mortality. However, the factors that are associated with frailty are poorly understood. We performed a systematic review of longitudinal studies in order to identify the sociodemographic, physical, biological, lifestyle-related, and psychological risk or protective factors that are associated with frailty among community-dwelling older adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616819/-safe-foods-or-fear-foods-the-implications-of-food-avoidance-in-college-students-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
C James, A Harrison, A Seixas, M Powell, S Pengpid, K Peltzer
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to explore if self-reported food avoidance (fats, carbohydrates and protein) exists among college students in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and its relationship with body mass index (BMI), dieting, mood/anxiety symptoms, physical activities and general health knowledge. METHODS: This study is a subset (N = 6096) of a larger 26 LMICs cross-sectional survey, which consisted of 21,007 college students. We ascertained socio-demographic information, food avoidance, physical activities, dieting behaviours, depressive and PTSD symptoms, and recorded anthropometric measurements...
June 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610482/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-among-smokers-with-psychotic-disorders-outcomes-to-36%C3%A2-months
#4
Amanda L Baker, Robyn Richmond, Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Sacha L Filia, David Castle, Jill M Williams, Terry J Lewin, Vanessa Clark, Robin Callister, Kerrin Palazzi
OBJECTIVE: People living with psychotic disorders (schizophrenia spectrum and bipolar disorders) have high rates of cardiovascular disease risk behaviours, including smoking, physical inactivity and poor diet. We report cardiovascular disease risk, smoking cessation and other risk behaviour outcomes over 36 months following recruitment into a two-arm randomised controlled trial among smokers with psychotic disorders. METHODS: Participants ( N = 235) drawn from three sites were randomised to receive nicotine replacement therapy plus (1) a Healthy Lifestyles intervention delivered over approximately 9 months or (2) a largely telephone-delivered intervention (designed to control for nicotine replacement therapy provision, session frequency and other monitoring)...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603586/sleep-health-behaviors-and-behavioral-interventions-reducing-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-adults
#5
REVIEW
Jill L Kaar, Christina M Luberto, Kirsti A Campbell, Jeff C Huffman
Numerous health behaviors, including physical activity, diet, smoking, and sleep, play a major role in preventing the development and progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Among these behaviors, sleep may play a pivotal role, yet it has been studied somewhat less than other behaviors and there have been few well-designed sleep intervention studies targeting CVD. Furthermore, despite the fact that these behaviors are often interrelated, interventions tend to focus on changing one health behavior rather than concurrently intervening on multiple behaviors...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583376/depression-and-health-behaviors-in-women-with-peripartum-cardiomyopathy
#6
Lindsey Rosman, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, John Cahill, Karl L Wuensch, Samuel F Sears
BACKGROUND: Depression and health behavior engagement are a critical issue for recovery and secondary prevention in heart failure patients. No prior studies have examined these important clinical outcomes in young women diagnosed with Peripartum Cardiomyopathy (PPCM). We sought to characterize the prevalence of depression and health behaviors in PPCM patients and examine whether depression is associated with reduced engagement in health behaviors. METHODS: A nation-wide, cohort of 177 PPCM patients (mean age of 34...
June 2, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577427/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-physical-activity-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-african-american-health-aah-study
#7
Sandra M L Ribeiro, Theodore K Malmstrom, John E Morley, Douglas K Miller
BACKGROUND: Healthy diet and physical activity (PA) have been associated with reduced depressive symptoms, but few studies have examined them simultaneously in African Americans. AIMS: To investigate fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) and PA as predictors of clinically-relevant levels of depressive symptoms (CRLDS) in African Americans. METHODS: African American Health (AAH) is a population-based longitudinal study of African Americans in St...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556687/effects-of-adolescent-sport-practice-on-health-outcomes-of-adult-amateur-endurance-cyclists-adulthood-is-not-too-late-to-start
#8
Diego Munguia-Izquierdo, Carmen Mayolas-Pi, Carlos Peñarrubia-Lozano, Federico Paris-Garcia, Javier Bueno-Antequera, Miguel Angel Oviedo-Caro, Alejandro Legaz-Arrese
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effects of adolescent sport practice on the training, performance, and health outcomes of adult amateur endurance cyclists and compared health outcomes of 3 adult groups: amateur endurance cyclists who practiced sports during adolescence, amateur endurance cyclists who did not practice sports during adolescence, and inactive individuals. METHODS: In 859 (751 men, 108 women) adult cyclists and 718 inactive subjects (307 men, 411 women), we examined adolescent sport practice, current training status, quality of life, quality of sleep, anxiety and depression and cardiometabolic risk: body mass index, physical activity, physical fitness, adherence to Mediterranean diet, and alcohol and tobacco consumption...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532431/high-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-peruvian-adolescents-living-in-a-peri-urban-shantytown-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Elizabeth S Abbs, José Viñoles, Jorge O Alarcón, Heather M Johnson, Joseph R Zunt
BACKGROUND: Adults of the peri-urban Peruvian shantytown of Lomas de Zapallal have a high prevalence of risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD)-likely due to behavioral choices established during childhood and adolescence. To guide the development of community-based risk reduction programs, we assessed the prevalence of risk factors for developing CVD among adolescents. METHODS: We collected cross sectional data from adolescents of Peruvian peri-urban shantytown to evaluate four domains of CVD risk factors: (1) clinical (blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and blood lipids), (2) anthropometric (height, weight, and waist circumference), (3) behavioral (physical activity, diet, and substance abuse), and (4) psychosocial (mental health and violence)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529921/mediterranean-lifestyle-and-cardiovascular-disease-prevention
#10
Ekavi N Georgousopoulou, Duane D Mellor, Nenad Naumovski, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Akis Zeimbekis, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Dimitra Tyrovola, Alexandra Foscolou, Josep-Antoni Tur, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Labros Sidossis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern is a well-established protective factor against cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, diet quality is only one aspect of the overall healthy lifestyle adopted by Mediterranean populations. The latter has never been evaluated as a multi-factorial composite lifestyle. Thus, the aim of the present study was to provide a broader picture of the Mediterranean lifestyle and its effects on CVD risk, among elderly individuals. METHODS: During 2005-2015, 2,749 older (aged 65-100 years) from 21 Mediterranean islands (MEDIS) and the rural Mani region (Peloponnesus) of Greece were voluntarily enrolled onto the study...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525822/the-interplay-between-diabetes-depression-and-affective-temperaments-a-structural-equation-model
#11
Martino Belvederi Murri, Sara Mamberto, Lucia Briatore, Chiara Mazzucchelli, Mario Amore, Renzo Cordera
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and depression are reciprocally linked, but few studies modeled their interplay considering the influence of affective temperaments (AT) and demographic factors. METHODS: Participants with type 1 and type 2 diabetes (T1DM and T2DM, n=279) recruited from Diabetes Units were assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-autoquestionnaire version (TEMPS-A), Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS), Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS) and Cumulative Illness Rating Scales (CIRS)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472859/lifestyle-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#12
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Nisreen A Alwan, Jane West, Stephen Brown, Christopher Jd McKinlay, Diane Farrar, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is glucose intolerance, first recognised in pregnancy and usually resolving after birth. GDM is associated with both short- and long-term adverse effects for the mother and her infant. Lifestyle interventions are the primary therapeutic strategy for many women with GDM. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined lifestyle interventions with or without pharmacotherapy in treating women with gestational diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (14 May 2016), ClinicalTrials...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462727/a-prospective-evaluation-of-the-depression-nutrient-intake-reverse-causality-hypothesis-in-a-cohort-of-community-dwelling-older-canadians
#13
Laura Gougeon, Hélène Payette, José A Morais, Pierrette Gaudreau, Bryna Shatenstein, Katherine Gray-Donald
Studies have investigated the potential protective effects that diet may have on late-life depression incidence. This disorder can, however, affect the person's food intake, widely known as the reverse causality hypothesis of depression. To test this hypothesis, we compared mean nutrient intakes from three 24-h recalls during the year depression was detected (Geriatric Depression Scale ≥11 or antidepressant medication) with intakes from 1 year earlier among community-dwelling older adults (67-83 years) followed up annually in the 4-year Québec Longitudinal Study on Nutrition and Aging, who were free of depression and cognitive impairment at baseline...
May 2, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460137/association-between-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-at-midlife-and-healthy-aging-in-a-cohort-of-french-adults
#14
Karen E Assmann, Moufidath Adjibade, Valentina A Andreeva, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Background: The Mediterranean diet has been suggested as a key element for the prevention of age-related chronic diseases. However, very few studies have examined its relation with multidimensional concepts of healthy aging (HA). Our objective was thus to investigate the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet at midlife and HA. Methods: We analyzed data from 3,012 participants of the French SUpplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU...
April 29, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421787/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-pattern-cognitive-status-and-depressive-symptoms-in-an-elderly-non-institutionalized-population
#15
Ana Hernández-Galiot, Isabel Goñi
INTRODUCTION: Scientific evidence indicates that adherence to the Mediterranean diet protects against the deterioration of cognitive status and depressive symptoms during aging. However, few studies have been conducted in elderly non-institutionalized subjects. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the relation between the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and cognitive status and depressive symptoms in an elderly population over 75 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a Mediterranean city (Garrucha, Spain) in 79 elderly people over 75 (36 men and 41 women)...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412644/an-association-of-health-behaviors-with-depression-and-metabolic-risks-data-from-2007-to-2014-u-s-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#16
Ying Liu, Ifeoma D Ozodiegwu, Yang Yu, Rick Hess, Ronghai Bie
BACKGROUND: Both depression and metabolic syndrome (MetS) confer an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. Accumulating evidence suggests healthy behaviors are crucial to maintain, improve and manage chronical disease and mental health; and unhealthy diet and sedentary behavior were found two major risk factors of MetS. The objective of this study was to investigate whether health behaviors (alcohol consumption, smoking, diet and recreational physical activity) are associated with depression and metabolic syndrome simultaneously...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407040/experiences-of-discrimination-and-incident-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#17
Kara M Whitaker, Susan A Everson-Rose, James S Pankow, Carlos J Rodriguez, Tené T Lewis, Kiarri N Kershaw, Ana V Diez Roux, Pamela L Lutsey
Experiences of discrimination are associated with increased risk of adverse health outcomes; however, it is unknown whether discrimination is related to incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (diabetes). We investigated the associations of major experiences of discrimination (unfair treatment in 6 situations) and everyday discrimination (frequency of day-to-day experiences of unfair treatment) with incident diabetes among 5,310 participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, enrolled in 2000-2002. Using Cox proportional hazards models, we estimated hazard ratios and confidence intervals, adjusting for demographic factors, depressive symptoms, stress, smoking, alcohol, physical activity, diet, waist circumference, and body mass index...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358644/exercise-addiction-risk-and-health-in-male-and-female-amateur-endurance-cyclists
#18
Carmen Mayolas-Pi, Javier Simón-Grima, Carlos Peñarrubia-Lozano, Diego Munguía-Izquierdo, Diego Moliner-Urdiales, Alejandro Legaz-Arrese
Background and aims To determine the relationship between the risk of exercise addiction (REA) and health status in amateur endurance cyclists. Methods In 859 (751 men and 108 women) cyclists and 718 inactive subjects (307 men and 411 women), we examined the REA (Exercise Addiction Inventory), training status (volume, frequency, experience, and performance), socioeconomic status, quality of life (QoL) (SF-12), quality of sleep (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), and cardiometabolic risk: body mass index, physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), physical condition (International Fitness Scale), adherence to the Mediterranean diet (Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener), alcohol and tobacco consumption...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356432/the-inflammatory-potential-of-the-diet-is-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-in-different-subgroups-of-the-general-population
#19
Moufidath Adjibade, Valentina A Andreeva, Cédric Lemogne, Mathilde Touvier, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Michael D Wirth, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Chantal Julia, Karen E Assmann, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Background: Low-grade chronic inflammation, which can be modulated by diet, has been suggested as an important risk factor for depression, but few studies have investigated the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet and depression.Objective: We investigated the prospective association between the inflammatory potential of the diet, measured by the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), and incident depressive symptoms and tested the potential modulating effect of sex, age, physical activity, and smoking status...
May 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345527/prevalence-and-factors-promoting-the-occurrence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-the-elderly
#20
Magdalena Wyskida, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Jerzy Chudek
Vitamin D deficiency affects a large part of the population of elderly people, especially women, who live in moderate climate countries due to a reduced amount of vitamin D in the diet (small sea fish consumption) and reduced content of 7-dehydrocholesterol, which causes decreased skin synthesis. The lowest seasonal concentration of 25(OH)D3 is usually observed during winter and spring. Sun exposure influences 25(OH)D3 concentration more strongly in men than in women. Sociodemographic factors that increase the risk of vitamin D deficiency in the elderly include poor environmental conditions, low economic status, lower educational level, drug exposure (smoking), reduced physical activity, overall poor health and obesity, which causes reduced skin exposure to sunlight...
March 13, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
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