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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719494/hockey-fans-in-training-a-pilot-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Robert J Petrella, Dawn P Gill, Guangyong Zou, Ashleigh De Cruz, Brendan Riggin, Cassandra Bartol, Karen Danylchuk, Kate Hunt, Sally Wyke, Cindy M Gray, Christopher Bunn, Merrick Zwarenstein
INTRODUCTION: Hockey Fans in Training (Hockey FIT) is a gender-sensitized weight loss and healthy lifestyle program. We investigated: 1) feasibility of recruiting and retaining overweight and obese men into a pilot pragmatic randomized controlled trial; and 2) potential for Hockey FIT to lead to weight loss and improvements in other outcomes at 12 weeks and 12 months. METHODS: Male fans of 2 ice hockey teams (35-65 years; body-mass index ≥28 kg/m) located in Ontario (Canada) were randomized to intervention (Hockey FIT) or comparator (Wait-list Control)...
July 17, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717922/healthy-living-behaviors-among-chinese-american-preschool-aged-children-results-of-a-parent-survey
#2
Virginia Rall Chomitz, Alison Brown, Victoria Lee, Aviva Must, Kenneth Kwan Ho Chui
Associations between diet, physical activity, parenting, and acculturation among Chinese-American children are understudied. Parents/caregivers of children attending child-care programs in Boston Chinatown completed a self-administered survey on demographics, child's diet, physical activities, anthropometrics, and parenting practices. Associations were evaluated in multivariable regression analysis, stratified by survey language preference, a proxy for acculturation. Responding Asian families = 132; 86...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714404/current-and-emerging-strategies-in-osteoporosis-management
#3
Stefka Ivanova, Liliya Vasileva
The abnormal loss of bone tissue is defined as osteoporosis. Increased risk of fractures, low bone mineral density (BMD) and loss of the structural and biomechanical properties of the bone tissue characterize this pathological condition. Physiologically bone undergoes a continuous remodeling process involving balance between the activity of osteoblast and osteoclast. Disruption in this balanced condition increases the risk of osteoporosis. Both sexes are affected, but with higher prevalence in women after menopause...
July 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714273/%C3%AE-catenin-regulation-of-farnesoid-x-receptor-signaling-and-bile-acid-metabolism-during-murine-cholestasis
#4
Michael D Thompson, Akshata Moghe, Pamela Cornuet, Rebecca Marino, Jianmin Tian, Pengcheng Wang, Xiaochao Ma, Marc Abrams, Joseph Locker, Satdarshan P S Monga, Kari Nejak-Bowen
Cholestatic liver diseases result from impaired bile flow and are characterized by inflammation, atypical ductular proliferation (ADP), and fibrosis. The Wnt/β-catenin pathway plays a role in bile duct development, yet its role in cholestatic injury remains indeterminate. Liver-specific β-catenin knockout (KO) mice and wild-type (WT) littermates were subjected to cholestatic injury via bile duct ligation or short-term exposure to 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine (DDC) diet. Intriguingly, KO exhibit a dramatic protection from liver injury, fibrosis, and ADP, which coincided with significantly decreased total hepatic bile acids (BA)...
July 17, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713583/effects-of-supervised-and-unsupervised-physical-activity-programmes-for-weight-loss
#5
S A Creasy, R J Rogers, K K Davis, B B Gibbs, E E Kershaw, J M Jakicic
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity is important for weight management. However, it remains unclear what type of physical activity prescription/programme is optimal for increasing physical activity during a standard behavioural weight loss intervention. This study examined changes in physical activity after a 12-week supervised programme prescribed in minutes per week (SUP-PA), an unsupervised programme prescribed in minutes per week (UNSUP-PA) and an unsupervised programme prescribed in steps per day (STEP)...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712165/effectiveness-of-a-school-based-multicomponent-intervention-on-nutritional-status-among-primary-school-children-in-bangkok-thailand
#6
Nattapon Chawla, Alessio Panza, Chutima Sirikulchayanonta, Ramesh Kumar, Surasak Taneepanichskul
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a major public health issue today. The prevalence of obesity and overweight is increasing in both adults and children. Childhood obesity in Thailand has more than doubled since the 1960s and a recent study reported that overweight and obesity in Thais is the 5th highest in Asia. The present study objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a life-skills, multicomponent, school-based intervention on child nutritional status. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was conducted in two-groups (control and intervention schools) on 453 students attending grade levels 4-5 in Bangkok...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712161/a-health-behavior-score-is-associated-with-hypertension-and-obesity-among-australian-adults
#7
Katherine M Livingstone, Sarah A McNaughton
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between a health behavior score and prevalence of hypertension and overweight/obesity. METHODS: Adults (n = 4,609; 19-85 years) were included from the cross-sectional Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. A health behavior score was derived based on individuals meeting recommendations for diet quality, smoking, physical activity, sedentary time, and sleep. Poisson regression estimated the prevalence ratio (PR) of hypertension and overweight/obesity by health behavior score...
July 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711517/prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Safa Anwar, Nigar Shikalgar
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is recognized as one of the most common endocrinopathies in women of reproductive age, associated with metabolic sequelae which includes increased risk factors for impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The adverse effects of DM2 affects a woman throughout her lifespan. Health care expenditure of DM2 highlights the need for prevention through appropriate screening, diagnosis and intervention. Lifestyle modification (LSM) programs that include diet and/or physical activity are suggested for patients characterized as prediabetic to delay the onset of adult DM2...
July 8, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709856/developing-smartphone-apps-for-behavioural-studies-the-alcorisk-app-case-study
#9
Anthony Smith, Kristy de Salas, Ian Lewis, Benjamin Schüz
Advances in mobile technology and significantly increasing utilization of mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets have resulted in a paradigm shift from PC-centric computing to mobile computing. The results of careful analysis conducted of this mobile landscape indicate that there is a growing demand for smart, user-centric, situation-aware mobile software. Invariably, concomitant with this demand is the need for methodologies that can provide support the development of this type of software. In this paper, we propose a semantic framework, called the mobile situation-aware framework, which supports efficient modeling, construction, processing, management, and inference of mobile situation information...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709772/physical-health-promotion-in-patients-with-functional-psychoses-receiving-community-psychiatric-services-results-of-the-physico-dsm-vr-study
#10
Elena Bonfioli, Maria Angela Mazzi, Loretta Berti, Lorenzo Burti
OBJECTIVES: Psychotic patients have poorer health behaviours, including poor diets and sedentary lifestyles increasing their risk for obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidaemia, and tend to have a shorter life expectancy as compared to nonpsychiatric populations. Lifestyle intervention programmes that target modifiable risk factors in such patients have produced uneven results. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a package of health promotion strategies to improve diet and physical exercise in psychotic patients...
July 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708083/ten-year-trends-1999-2010-of-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-among-the-balearic-islands-adult-population
#11
Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Mónica González, Alicia Julibert, Isabel Llompart, Antoni Pons, Josep A Tur
The aim of this work was to assess ten-year trends (1999-2010) of adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) among the Balearic Islands' adult population. Two independent cross-sectional dietary surveys (1999-2000, n = 1200 and 2009-2010 n = 1388, including participants aged 16-65 years) were carried out in the Balearic Islands, Spain. Dietary habits were assessed by means of two 24 h diet recalls and a validated semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire that covers 145 food items. Adherence to the MDP was defined according to a score constructed considering the consumption of nine MDP characteristic components: high monounsaturated fatty acids:saturated fatty acids (MUFA:SFA) ratio, moderate ethanol consumption, high legumes, cereals and roots, fruits, vegetables, and fish consumption, and low consumption of meat and milk...
July 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707567/the-impact-of-a-social-network-based-intervention-on-self-management-behaviours-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-living-in-socioeconomically-deprived-neighbourhoods-a-mixed-methods-approach
#12
Charlotte Vissenberg, Vera Nierkens, Irene van Valkengoed, Giel Nijpels, Paul Uitewaal, Barend Middelkoop, Karien Stronks
AIMS: This paper aims to explore the effect of the social network based intervention Powerful Together with Diabetes on diabetes self-management among socioeconomically deprived patients. This 10-month group intervention targeting patients and significant others aimed to improve self-management by stimulating social support and diminishing social influences that hinder self-management. METHODS: This intervention was evaluated in a quasi-experimental study using a mixed methods approach...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707359/the-feasibility-of-using-pedometers-for-self-report-of-steps-and-accelerometers-for-measuring-physical-activity-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-across-an-18-month-intervention
#13
L T Ptomey, E A Willis, J Lee, R A Washburn, C A Gibson, J J Honas, J E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Improving physical activity in adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) is recommended to improve weight loss and general health. However, in order to determine the success of physical activity interventions, identification of feasible methods for assessment of physical activities is necessary. The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of adults with IDD to track daily steps and wear an accelerometer. METHODS: Overweight/obese adults with mild to moderate IDD followed a diet and physical activity program for 18 months...
August 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707102/perceptions-and-practices-related-to-obesity-in-adolescent-students-and-their-programmatic-implications-qualitative-evidence-from-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam
#14
Ngoc-Minh Nguyen, Michael J Dibley, Hong K Tang, Ashraful Alam
Background Prevalence of obesity in children in Ho Chi Minh City is rising in the last 10 years. We conducted a formative study to explore the perceptions and practices related to obesity, diet and physical activity among the students in two junior high schools in two suburbs in Ho Chi Minh City to aid in the design of an intervention in preventing obesity among adolescent school children. Method We conducted in-depth interviews with twenty participants including students, their parents, physical education teachers and a representative of the Department of Education...
July 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706104/use-of-a-mobile-social-networking-intervention-for-weight-management-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#15
Liliana Laranjo, Annie Y S Lau, Paige Martin, Huong Ly Tong, Enrico Coiera
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and physical inactivity are major societal challenges and significant contributors to the global burden of disease and healthcare costs. Information and communication technologies are increasingly being used in interventions to promote behaviour change in diet and physical activity. In particular, social networking platforms seem promising for the delivery of weight control interventions.We intend to pilot test an intervention involving the use of a social networking mobile application and tracking devices (Fitbit Flex 2 and Fitbit Aria scale) to promote the social comparison of weight and physical activity, in order to evaluate whether mechanisms of social influence lead to changes in those outcomes over the course of the study...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704534/short-term-variation-in-ntprobnp-after-lifestyle-intervention-in-severe-obesity
#16
Debora Fedele, Virginia Bicchiega, Alessandro Collo, Federica Barutta, Erika Pistone, Gabriella Gruden, Graziella Bruno
AIM: Natriuretic peptides are not only involved in cardiovascular adaption to various conditions, but also in metabolic diseases. We performed this study to assess the effect of a very short time of lifestyle inpatient intervention on NTproBNP values in normotensive subjects with severe obesity and normal cardiac function. METHODS: We recruited 14 consecutive obese normotensive subjects with normal cardiac function who were aged 30 years and more and were referred to inpatient rehabilitation in an academic clinic over a two months period...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704508/lifestyle-behaviours-of-lebanese-australians-cross-sectional-findings-from-the-45-and-up-study
#17
Aymen El Masri, Gregory S Kolt, Thomas Astell-Burt, Emma S George
Little is known regarding the health and lifestyle behaviours of Australians of Lebanese ethnicity. The available evidence suggests that Australians of Lebanese ethnicity who were born in Lebanon reportedly have higher rates of cardiovascular disease-related and type 2 diabetes-related complications when compared with the wider Australian population. The aim of this study is to compare lifestyle behaviours of middle-aged to older adults of Lebanese ethnicity born in Lebanon, Australia, and elsewhere to those of Australian ethnicity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702941/an-application-of-partial-least-squares-for-identifying-dietary-patterns-in-bone-health
#18
Tiffany C Yang, Lorna S Aucott, Garry G Duthie, Helen M Macdonald
In a large cohort of older women, a mechanism-driven statistical technique for assessing dietary patterns that considers a potential nutrient pathway found two dietary patterns associated with lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density. A "healthy" dietary pattern was observed to be beneficial for bone mineral density. INTRODUCTION: Dietary patterns represent a broader, more realistic representation of how foods are consumed, compared to individual food or nutrient analyses. Partial least-squares (PLS) is a data-reduction technique for identifying dietary patterns that maximizes correlation between foods and nutrients hypothesized to be on the path to disease, is more hypothesis-driven than previous methods, and has not been applied to the study of dietary patterns in relation to bone health...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702872/dietary-supplementation-of-selenium-enriched-probiotics-enhances-meat-quality-of-broiler-chickens-gallus-gallus-domesticus-raised-under-high-ambient-temperature
#19
Alam Zeb Khan, Shahnawaz Kumbhar, Yunhuan Liu, Mohammad Hamid, Cuiling Pan, Sonia Agostinho Nido, Fahmida Parveen, Kehe Huang
We investigated the effects of selenium-enriched probiotics (SP) on broiler meat quality under high ambient temperature and explore their underlying mechanisms. A total of 200 1-day-old male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly allotted to four treatment groups, each with five replicates, in groups of ten birds. These birds were fed a corn-soybean basal diet (C), a basal diet plus probiotics supplementation (P), a basal diet plus Se supplementation in the form of sodium selenite (SS, 0.30 mg Se/kg), and a basal diet with the addition of selenium-enriched probiotics (SP, 0...
July 12, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701338/lifestyle-in-progression-from-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-to-chronic-hypertension-in-nurses-health-study-ii-observational-cohort-study
#20
Simon Timpka, Jennifer J Stuart, Lauren J Tanz, Eric B Rimm, Paul W Franks, Janet W Rich-Edwards
Objectives To study the association between lifestyle risk factors and chronic hypertension by history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP: gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia) and investigate the extent to which these risk factors modify the association between HDP and chronic hypertension.Design Prospective cohort study.Setting Nurses' Health Study II (1991-2013).Participants 54 588 parous women aged 32 to 59 years with data on reproductive history and without previous chronic hypertension, stroke, or myocardial infarction...
July 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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