keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pubic symphysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737523/effects-of-osteoarthritis-on-age-at-death-estimates-from-the-human-pelvis
#1
Stephanie E Calce, Helen K Kurki, Darlene A Weston, Lisa Gould
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the degree of error in age-at-death estimates when osteoarthritis (OA) is present in three separate pelvic joint areas: (1) the pubic symphysis, (2) the auricular surface, and (3) the acetabulum from a modern known-age European cemetery sample of adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Age-at-death ranged from 17 to 79 years (x̄ =50.9 years; n = 252). OA in the pelvic joints was evaluated using standard ranked categorical scoring. Composite OA scores were derived through principal component analysis...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678684/psoas-abscess-associated-to-pubic-symphysis-osteomyelitis
#2
F Garcia-Prieto, A Casillas-Villamor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674227/age-estimation-of-adult-human-remains-from-hip-bones-using-advanced-methods
#3
Anežka Kotěrová, David Navega, Michal Štepanovský, Zdeněk Buk, Jaroslav Brůžek, Eugénia Cunha
The assessment of age-at-death is an important and challenging part of investigations of human skeletal remains. The main objective of the present study was to apply different mathematical approaches in order to reach more accurate and reliable results in age estimation. A multi-ethnic dataset (n=941) of evaluated age-related changes on the pubic symphysis and the auricular surface of the hip bone was used. Two research groups examined nine different mathematical approaches. The best results were reached by Multi-linear regression, followed by the Collapsed regression model, with MAE values of 9...
April 4, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658534/the-influence-of-osteoporotic-bone-structures-of-the-pelvic-hip-complex-on-stress-distribution-under-impact-load
#4
Katarzyna Arkusz, Tomasz Klekiel, Niezgoda Niezgoda, Romuald Będziński
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of bone mineral density (BMD) on the stress distribution in pelvic-hip complex (PHC) model which included bone structures and soft tissues. Bone mass changes in osteoporosis and osteopenia were considered in this analysis. In addition, the relations between force direction and stress distribution causing PHC fractures were determined. METHODS: This paper presents the development and validation of a detailed 3D finite element model with high anatomical fidelity of the PHC and BMD changes in trabecular and cortical bones, modelled based on CT scans...
2018: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622016/detection-of-calcium-pyrophosphate-dihydrate-crystals-in-knee-meniscus-by-dual-energy-computed-tomography
#5
Hidenori Tanikawa, Ryo Ogawa, Kazunari Okuma, Kengo Harato, Yasuo Niki, Shu Kobayashi, Takeo Nagura
BACKGROUND: Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystals are commonly observed in osteoarthritic joints. The aim of our study was to investigate the efficacy of a dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) for detecting CPPD crystals in knee meniscus. METHODS: Twenty-six patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty were included in the study. Radiographs of knee joint and synovial fluid specimens were analyzed for the presence of CPPD crystals. Meniscus extracted during surgery was scanned using DECT...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621303/time-dependent-regulation-of-morphological-changes-and-cartilage-differentiation-markers-in-the-mouse-pubic-symphysis-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-recovery
#6
Bianca Gazieri Castelucci, Sílvio Roberto Consonni, Viviane Souza Rosa, Lucimara Aparecida Sensiate, Paula Cristina Rugno Delatti, Lúcia Elvira Alvares, Paulo Pinto Joazeiro
Animal models commonly serve as a bridge between in vitro experiments and clinical applications; however, few physiological processes in adult animals are sufficient to serve as proof-of-concept models for cartilage regeneration. Intriguingly, some rodents, such as young adult mice, undergo physiological connective tissue modifications to birth canal elements such as the pubic symphysis during pregnancy; therefore, we investigated whether the differential expression of cartilage differentiation markers is associated with cartilaginous tissue morphological modifications during these changes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615347/assessing-the-accuracy-of-cranial-and-pelvic-ageing-methods-on-human-skeletal-remains-from-a-modern-greek-assemblage
#7
Panagiota Xanthopoulou, Efstratios Valakos, Dionisios Youlatos, Efthymia Nikita
The present study tests the accuracy of commonly adopted ageing methods based on the morphology of the pubic symphysis, auricular surface and cranial sutures. These methods are examined both in their traditional form as well as in the context of transition analysis using the ADBOU software in a modern Greek documented collection consisting of 140 individuals who lived mainly in the second half of the twentieth century and come from cemeteries in the area of Athens. The auricular surface overall produced the most accurate age estimates in our material, with different methods based on this anatomical area showing varying degrees of success for different age groups...
March 12, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602669/displaced-anterior-pelvic-fracture-on-initial-pelvic-radiography-predicts-massive-hemorrhage
#8
Shinsuke Tanizaki, Shigenobu Maeda, Makoto Sera, Hideya Nagai, Taizo Nakanishi, Minoru Hayashi, Hiroyuki Azuma, Ken-Ichi Kano, Hiroki Watanabe, Hiroshi Ishida
INTRODUCTION: Massive hemorrhage is often associated with unstable pelvic fractures with posterior ring injury. Initial pelvic radiography alone may not detect these posterior lesions. We examined whether the presence of an anterior pelvic fracture on initial pelvic radiography alone may identify patients who are at a high risk of major hemorrhage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 288 patients with pelvic fractures were admitted to the Fukui Prefectural Hospital during an 11-year period...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593924/subacute-urinary-retention-due-to-a-subpubic-cartilaginous-cyst-treated-with-surgical-resection-and-internal-fixation-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Yu Taniguchi, Hiroshi Kamada, Hisashi Sugaya, Tomofumi Nishino, Hajime Mishima, Naoyuki Ochiai, Masashi Yamazaki
A subpubic cartilaginous cyst is a rare mass lesion derived from the pubic symphysis, which can cause acute or subacute urinary retention. We report a case of a subpubic cartilaginous cyst in a 62-year-old woman that caused lower abdominal pain and subacute urinary retention, requiring surgical resection. On physical examination, a hard, flexible, nontender mass, 4 cm in diameter, was palpable along the lower border of the pubic bone, extending to the perineum. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a clearly distinct (3...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577219/-curative-resection-with-minilaparotomy-approach-in-the-treatment-of-rectal-cancer
#10
Wei Wang, Zhengchun Kang, Chenglong Wang, Junjie Xing, Xiaodong Xu, Enda Yu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical safety and short-term efficacy of minilaparotomy and laparoscopic approach for curative resection of rectal cancer. METHODS: The retrospective cohort study was adopted. A review of patients scheduled to undergo a curative resection of rectal cancer via minilaparotomy or laparoscopic approach at Department of Colorectal Surgery of Changhai Hospital from June 2016 to May 2017 was carried out. All the patients were confirmed as rectal cancer by postoperative pathology...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549038/athletic-pubalgia-return-to-play-after-targeted-surgery
#11
C Kajetanek, O Benoît, B Granger, F Menegaux, N Chereau, H Pascal-Mousselard, F Khiami
BACKGROUND: Surgery for athletic pubalgia usually consists in abdominal wall repair combined with routine bilateral adductor tenotomy. We currently confine the surgical procedure to the injured structure(s) (abdominal wall only, adductor tendon only, or both) to limit morbidity and expedite recovery. Outcomes of this à la carte approach are unclear. The objectives of this retrospective study were to determine the return to play (RTP) time, evaluate the potential influence of injury location, and assess the frequency of recurrence or contralateral involvement...
March 13, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536245/quantitative-mdct-assessment-of-binder-effects-after-pelvic-ring-disruptions-using-segmented-pelvic-haematoma-volumes-and-multiplanar-caliper-measurements
#12
David Dreizin, Uttam Bodanapally, Daniel Mascarenhas, Robert V O'Toole, Nikki Tirada, Ghada Issa, Jason Nascone
OBJECTIVE: To assess effects of pelvic binders for different instability grades using quantitative multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) parameters including segmented pelvic haematoma volumes and multiplanar caliper measurements. METHODS: CT examinations of 49 patients with binders and 49 controls performed from January 2008-June 2016, and matched 1:1 for Tile instability grade and Pennal/Young-Burgess force vector, were compared for differences in pubic symphysis and sacroiliac displacement using caliper measurements in three orthogonal planes...
March 13, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504860/surgical-and-endoscopic-treatment-of-bladder-exstrophy-epispadias-complex-in-a-female-dog
#13
Brittani Jones, Allyson C Berent, Chick W Weisse, Robert Hart, Leilani Alvarez, Anthony Fischetti, B David Horn, Douglas Canning
CASE DESCRIPTION A 14-week-old 7.7-kg (16.9-lb) sexually intact female Golden Retriever was evaluated because of urine dripping from the caudoventral aspect of the abdomen. CLINICAL FINDINGS Ultrasonography, radiography, excretory CT urography, and vaginocystourethroscopy were performed. Results indicated eversion of the bladder through the ventral abdominal wall with exposure of the ureterovesicular junctions, pubic diastasis, and an open vulva and clitoral fossa. Clinical findings were suggestive of bladder exstrophy, a rare congenital anomaly...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500087/the-use-of-fluoroscopy-during-direct-anterior-hip-arthroplasty-powerful-or-misleading
#14
Christopher R James, Blake E Peterson, Julia R Crim, James L Cook, Brett D Crist
BACKGROUND: Direct anterior approach total hip arthroplasty (THA) with fluoroscopic assistance is growing in popularity. Variables such as pelvic tilt, c-arm technique, and patient positioning can affect the perceived fluoroscopic view. This study evaluates the effect of these variables on the position of the acetabular component. METHODS: Forty-one hips in 40 patients undergoing direct anterior arthroplasty THA with fluoroscopic assistance underwent routine postoperative radiographs and postoperative pelvic computed tomography scan...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485191/pelvis-morphology-suggests-that-early-mesozoic-birds-were-too-heavy-to-contact-incubate-their-eggs
#15
D Charles Deeming, Gerald Mayr
Numerous new fossils have driven an interest in reproduction of early birds, but direct evidence remains elusive. No Mesozoic avian eggs can be unambiguously assigned to a species, which hampers our understanding of the evolution of contact incubation, which is a defining feature of extant birds. Compared to living species, eggs of Mesozoic birds are relatively small, but whether the eggs of Mesozoic birds could actually have borne the weight of a breeding adult has not yet been investigated. We estimated maximal egg breadth for a range of Mesozoic avian taxa from the width of the pelvic canal defined by the pubic symphysis...
May 2018: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481980/biomechanical-evaluation-of-sacroiliac-joint-fixation-with-decortication
#16
Yushane C Shih, Brian P Beaubien, Qingshan Chen, Jonathan N Sembrano
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Fusion typically consists of joint preparation, grafting, and rigid fixation. Fusion has been successfully used to treat symptomatic disruptions of the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) and degenerative sacroiliitis using purpose-specific, threaded implants. The biomechanical performance of these systems is important but has not been studied. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare two techniques for placing primary (12.5 mm) and secondary (8...
February 23, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424159/-minimally-invasive-internal-fixation-of-pelvic-ring-for-type-c-pelvic-fracture
#17
Chun-Hui Tang, Gao-Wen Yao, Lin Wang, Hong-Liang Tu, Wei Luo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of minimally invasive internal fixation of pelvic anterior and posterior ring for the treatment of type C pelvic fracture, and to explore its operative techniques and therapeutic efficacy. METHODS: From December 2010 to December 2015, 18 patients with type C pelvic fracture were treated by reconstructive plates fixation through minimally invasive ilioinguinal approach for pelvic anterior ring injuries, and by invasive percutaneous sacroiliac joint screw fixation for pelvic posterior ring injuries...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417352/urokin-a-software-to-enhance-our-understanding-of-urogenital-motion
#18
Catriona S Czyrnyj, Michel R Labrosse, Ryan B Graham, Linda McLean
Transperineal ultrasound (TPUS) allows for objective quantification of mid-sagittal urogenital mechanics, yet current practice omits dynamic motion information in favor of analyzing only a rest and a peak motion frame. This work details the development of UROKIN, a semi-automated software which calculates kinematic curves of urogenital landmark motion. A proof of concept analysis, performed using UROKIN on TPUS video recorded from 20 women with and 10 women without stress urinary incontinence (SUI) performing maximum voluntary contraction of the pelvic floor muscles...
May 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417208/novel-pathomorphologic-classification-of-capsulo-articular-lesions-of-the-pubic-symphysis-in-athletes-to-predict-treatment-and-outcome
#19
Sascha Hopp, Ishaq Ojodu, Atul Jain, Tobias Fritz, Tim Pohlemann, Jens Kelm
INTRODUCTION: Radiographic abnormalities of the symphysis as well as the formation of accessory clefts, indicating injury at the rectus-adductor aponeurosis, reportedly relate to longstanding groin pain in athletes. However, yet, no systematic classification for clinical and scientific purposes exists. We aimed to (1) create a radiographic classification based on symphysography; (2) test intra- and interobserver reliability; (3) characterise clinical significance of the morphologic patterns by evaluating success of injection therapy...
May 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398996/scaling-marker-position-determines-the-accuracy-of-digital-templating-for-total-hip-arthroplasty
#20
Austin J Ramme, Nina D Fisher, Jonathan Egol, Gregory Chang, Jonathan M Vigdorchik
Background: Digital templating systems foster patient-specific measurements for preoperative planning. Questions/Purposes: We aim (1) to verify the accuracy of a templating system, (2) to describe the effects of scaling marker position on the accuracy of digital templating of the hip, and (3) to provide a practical guide for scaling marker position using patient body mass index (BMI). Methods: A scaling sphere was placed in five positions along the anterior-posterior axis of an acetabular implant and pelvis phantom, and x-rays were obtained...
February 2018: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
keyword
keyword
19121
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"