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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349583/enhanced-production-of-phenolic-acids-in-cell-suspension-culture-of-salvia-leriifolia-benth-using-growth-regulators-and-sucrose
#1
Masoomeh Modarres, Sedigheh Esmaeilzadeh Bahabadi, Mohammad Ehsan Taghavizadeh Yazdi
Salvia leriifolia Benth. (Lamiaceae) is an endangered medicinal plant with hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Many of the beneficial effects of Salvia spp. are attributed to the phenolic compounds. In the present study, an efficient procedure has been developed for establishment of cell suspension culture of S. leriifolia as a strategy to obtain an in vitro phenolic acids producing cell line for the first time. The effect of growth regulators and various concentrations of sucrose have been analyzed, to optimize biomass growth and phenolic acids production...
January 18, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331369/equisetum-telmateia-extracts-chemical-compositions-antioxidant-activity-and-antimicrobial-effect-on-the-growth-of-some-pathogenic-strain-causing-poisoning-and-infection
#2
Marzie Yeganegi, Farideh Tabatabaei Yazdi, Seyed Ali Mortazavi, Javad Asili, Behrooz Alizadeh Behbahani, Adel Beig Babaei
The aerial parts of Equisetum telmateia have been used as a source of biologically active compounds to treat inflammatory, diarrhea, stomach-ache, eczema and mouth infections in traditional medicine. The aim of this work is to evaluate the extraction yield, chemical compositions, antioxidant activity and antimicrobial activity of E. telmateia extracts on Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi and Candida albicans. Chemical compositions E. telmateia was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using a C18 column...
January 10, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318465/fabrication-of-semiconducting-methylammonium-lead-halide-perovskite-particles-by-spray-technology
#3
Mohammad-Reza Ahmadian-Yazdi, Morteza Eslamian
In this "nano idea" paper, three concepts for the preparation of methylammonium lead halide perovskite particles are proposed, discussed, and tested. The first idea is based on the wet chemistry preparation of the perovskite particles, through the addition of the perovskite precursor solution to an anti-solvent to facilitate the precipitation of the perovskite particles in the solution. The second idea is based on the milling of a blend of the perovskite precursors in the dry form, in order to allow for the conversion of the precursors to the perovskite particles...
January 10, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308622/epigenetic-aberration-of-fmr1-gene-in-infertile-women-with-diminished-ovarian-reserve
#4
Hossein Eslami, Ali Eslami, Raha Favaedi, Ummolbanin Asadpour, Shabnam Zari Moradi, Poopak Eftekhari-Yazdi, Tahereh Madani, Maryam Shahhoseini, Anahita Mohseni Meybodi
OBJECTIVES: The diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) is a condition characterized by a reduction in the number and/or quality of oocytes. This primary infertility disorder is usually accompanied with an increase in the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels and regular menses. Although there are many factors contributing to the DOR situation, it is likely that many of idiopathic cases have genetic/epigenetic bases. The association between the FMR1 premutation (50-200 CGG repeats) and the premature ovarian failure (POF) suggests that epigenetic disorders of FMR1 can act as a risk factor for the DOR as well...
April 2018: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308621/the-rs1127354-polymorphism-in-itpa-is-associated-with-susceptibility-to-infertility
#5
Fahimeh Mollaahmadi, Ashraf Moini, Reza Salman Yazdi, Mehrdad Behmanesh
OBJECTIVES: Infertility is a common human disorder which is defined as the failure to conceive for a period of 12 months without contraception. Many studies have shown that the outcome of fertility could be affected by DNA damage. We attempted to examine the association of two SNPs (rs1127354 and rs7270101) in ITPA, a gene encoding a key factor in the repair system, with susceptibility to infertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study of individuals with established infertility...
April 2018: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308379/cloning-of-k26-hydrophilic-antigen-from-iranian-strain-of-leishmania-infantum
#6
Bibi Razieh Hosseini Farash, Mehdi Mohebali, Bahram Kazemi, Homa Hajjaran, Behnaz Akhoundi, Reza Raoofian, Abdolmajid Fata, Majid Mojarrad, Mohammad Kazem Sharifi-Yazdi
Background: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) caused by Leishmania infantum is the most severe form of leishmaniasis in Iran, which causes a high mortality rate in the case of inaccurate diagnosis and treatment. This study aimed to clone of K26 gene from Iranian strain of L. infantum and register the sequencing results in Genbank to facilitate the preparation a new K26 antigen for the detection of L. infantum infection. Methods: L. infantum was obtained from an infected domestic dog in Meshkin-Shahr area from northwestern Iran in 2015...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299489/association-of-esr%C3%AE-gene-pvu-ii-t-c-xbai-a-g-and-btgi-g-a-polymorphisms-with-knee-osteoarthritis-susceptibility-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-based-on-22-case-control-studies
#7
REVIEW
Masoud Mahdinezhad Yazdi, Mohamad H Jamalaldini, Mohammad R Sobhan, Mohammadali Jafari, Mahta Mazaheri, Masoud Zare-Shehneh, Hossein Neamatzadeh
Background: Many studies have reported the association of estrogen receptor α gene (ESRα) ESRα PvuII T>C, XbaI A>G and BtgI G>A polymorphisms with Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) risk, but the results remained controversial. In order to drive a more precise estimation, the present systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to investigate the association between ESRα polymorphisms and KOA susceptibility. Methods: Eligible articles were identified by search of databases including PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge and Google scholar up to March 1, 2017...
November 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261030/an-extension-of-fuzzy-improved-risk-graph-firg-and-fuzzy-analytical-hierarchy-process-fahp-for-determination-of-chemical-complex-safety-integrity-levels-sils
#8
Mohammad Yazdi
Risk graph (RG) is the widely used method to evaluate the safety integrity level (SIL) of safety instrumented systems (SIS). However, the subjective opinion based conventional RGs cannot provide successful results in the problems of risk parameters, such as shortages or lack of data, hence, the output of a conventional approach lacks enough reliability. In this paper, we introduced fuzzy improved risk graph (FIRG), an extension of the fuzzy set theory, to deal with the possible ambiguities during the SIL study and increase the reliability of conventional RGs...
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251680/iranian-women-s-breast-health-seeking-behaviors-husband-s-role
#9
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad, Mahsa Khodayarian, Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Minoor Lamyian, Hossein Tavangar
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has become the most common cancer among Yazdi women in Iran. Thus, it is necessary to encourage these women to participate in breast health-seeking behaviors. In this regard, husbands can play an effective role. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore women's perceptions about the effect of their husband's role on breast health-seeking protection motivation. METHODS: This study used a directed qualitative content analysis approach based on the Protection Motivation Theory...
December 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248175/calvarium-mass-as-the-first-presentation-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-a-very-rare-manifestation-of-high-grade-glioma
#10
S Taghipour Zahir, M Mortaz, M Baghi Yazdi, N Sefidrokh Sharahjin, M Shabani
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a high grade glial tumor, primarily located in cerebral hemispheres. The most common clinical presentations are slowly progressive neurological deficit such as motor weakness, seizure, and headaches that last less than three months. Calvarium and extra-axial invasion are very rare and generally occur after a brain biopsy or surgery, or secondary to radiotherapy of primary intra-axial glial tumors. We report a case of GBM with calvarium involvement in a 60-year-old man who presented with a frontal bump and left-sided clumsiness...
December 13, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241765/oliveria-decumbens-essential-oil-chemical-compositions-and-antimicrobial-activity-against-the-growth-of-some-clinical-and-standard-strains-causing-infection
#11
Behrooz Alizadeh Behbahani, Farideh Tabatabaei Yazdi, Alireza Vasiee, Seyed Ali Mortazavi
Oliveria decumbens as a valuable medicinal plant is extensively used in traditional medicine. clinical and standard strains causing infection resistance to antimicrobial agents, is one of the important problems in medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate the antibacterial activities and phytochemical analysis of Oliveria decumbens essential oil on the growth of some clinical and standard strains causing infection (Pseudomonas aerogenes, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus epidermidis)...
December 11, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239973/involvement-of-adenosine-triphosphate-sensitive-potassium-channels-in-the-neuroprotective-activity-of-hydrogen-sulfide-in-the-6-hydroxydopamine-induced-animal-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Mohammad Reza Sarookhani, Hashem Haghdoost-Yazdi, Ali Sarbazi-Golezari, Arvin Babayan-Tazehkand, Nafiseh Rastgoo
Studies have shown that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) exerts a neuroprotective effect and may have a therapeutic value for treating neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective activity of H2S in vivo. Here, we evaluated the effect of glibenclamide, an ATP-sensitive potassium channel blocker, on the neuroprotective activity of H2S in the 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) animal model of Parkinson's disease. 6-OHDA was administered by stereotaxic surgery into the medial forebrain bundle...
December 12, 2017: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233949/association-between-sult1a1-arg213his-rs9282861-polymorphism-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Mohammad Forat-Yazdi, Mohammadali Jafari, Saeed Kargar, Seyed Mojtaba Abolbaghaei, Rezvan Nasiri, Soudabeh Farahnak, Elnaz Foroughi, Hossein Neamatzadeh
BACKGROUND: The Arg213His (rs9282861) polymorphism of Sulfotransferase Family 1A Member 1 (SULT1A1) gene has been associated with risk of breast cancer in some epidemiological studies. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the association of SULT1A1 Arg213His (rs9282861) polymorphism with susceptibility to breast cancer. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search for eligible studies was conducted in PubMed, Elsevier, Science Direct, Scopus and Google Scholar databases up to Oct 5, 2017...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229660/rationale-and-design-of-geneius-a-prospective-observational-study-on-the-genetic-and-environmental-determinants-of-body-mass-index-evolution-in-canadian-undergraduate-students
#14
Rita E Morassut, Christine Langlois, Akram Alyass, Adeola F Ishola, Fereshteh T Yazdi, Alexandra J Mayhew, Hudson Reddon, James MacKillop, Marie Pigeyre, David Meyre
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a global epidemic and is a risk factor for developing other comorbidities. Young adulthood is a critical period for body weight change and establishing healthy lifestyle behaviours. The 'Freshman 15' suggests that undergraduate students gain 15 lbs (6.8 kg) during their first year of university, although evidence estimates a more modest weight gain of approximately 3-5 lbs (1.4-2.3 kg). Previous studies have only investigated weight change in the first year and do not study potential risk factors...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208540/phytochemical-analysis-and-antibacterial-activities-extracts-of-mangrove-leaf-against-the-growth-of-some-pathogenic-bacteria
#15
Behrooz Alizadeh Behbahani, Farideh Tabatabaei Yazdi, Fakhri Shahidi, Hamid Noorbakhsh, Alireza Vasiee, Ali Alghooneh
In this study, the effects of water, ethanol, methanol and glycerin at five levels (0, 31.25, 83.33, 125 and 250 ml) were investigated on the efficiency of mangrove leaf extraction using mixture optimal design. The antimicrobial effect of the extracts on Streptococcus pneumoniae, Enterococcus faecium and Klebsiella pneumoniae was evaluated using disk diffusion, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) methods. The mangrove leaf extraction components were identified through gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS)...
December 2, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205792/magnetotaxis-enables-magnetotactic-bacteria-to-navigate-in-flow
#16
Saeed Rismani Yazdi, Reza Nosrati, Corey A Stevens, David Vogel, Peter L Davies, Carlos Escobedo
Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) play an important role in Earth's biogeochemical cycles by transporting minerals in aquatic ecosystems, and have shown promise for controlled transport of microscale objects in flow conditions. However, how MTB traverse complex flow environments is not clear. Here, using microfluidics and high-speed imaging, it is revealed that magnetotaxis enables directed motion of Magnetospirillum magneticum over long distances in flow velocities ranging from 2 to 1260 µm s-1 , corresponding to shear rates ranging from 0...
December 4, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203419/flaws-in-the-application-and-interpretation-of-statistical-analyses-in-systematic-reviews-of-therapeutic-interventions-were-common-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#17
Matthew J Page, Douglas G Altman, Joanne E McKenzie, Larissa Shamseer, Nadera Ahmadzai, Dianna Wolfe, Fatemeh Yazdi, Ferrán Catalá-López, Andrea C Tricco, David Moher
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the application and interpretation of statistical analyses in a cross-section of systematic reviews (SRs) of therapeutic interventions, without restriction by journal, clinical condition, or specialty. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We evaluated a random sample of SRs assembled previously, which were indexed in MEDLINE® during February 2014, focused on a treatment or prevention question, and reported at least one meta-analysis. The reported statistical methods used in each SR were extracted from articles and online appendices by one author, with a 20% random sample extracted in duplicate...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195030/accuracy-of-birth-certificate-head-circumference-measurements-massachusetts-2012-2013
#18
Nicholas J Somerville, Xiaoli Chen, Dominique Heinke, Sarah L Stone, Cathleen Higgins, Susan E Manning, Sharon Pagnano, Mahsa M Yazdy, Marlene Anderka
BACKGROUND: Zika virus has recently emerged as a novel cause of microcephaly. CDC has asked states to rapidly ascertain and report cases of Zika-linked birth defects, including microcephaly. Massachusetts added head circumference to its birth certificate (BC) in 2011. The accuracy of head circumference measurements from state vital records data has not been reported. METHODS: We sought to assess the accuracy of Massachusetts BC head circumference measurements by comparing them to measurements for 2,217 infants born during 2012-2013 captured in the Massachusetts Birth Defects Monitoring Program (BDMP) data system...
December 1, 2017: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185405/effect-of-lidocaine-2-on-bacterial-culture-of-bronchial-fluid
#19
Mohammad Samet, Fatemeh Alsadat Aghaei Meybodi, Tayebe Mokarianpour, Tahere Fallah, Fatemeh Dehghan Mongabadi, Jamshid Ayatollahi, Seyed Hossein Shahcheraghi, Mohammad Hossein Ahmadia Yazdi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the action of 2% lidocaine on the culture results of bronchial fluid in patients suspected of having lower respiratory tract infections. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Shahid Sadoughi Hospital, Yazd, Iran, from November 2014 to November 2015. METHODOLOGY: Patients suspected of lower respiratory tract infections referred to bronchoscopy unit of the Hospital were included...
December 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150651/comprehensive-functional-enrichment-analysis-of-male-infertility
#20
Seyed Morteza Razavi, Marjan Sabbaghian, Mahdi Jalili, Adeleh Divsalar, Olaf Wolkenhauer, Ali Salehzadeh-Yazdi
Spermatogenesis is a multifactorial process that forms differentiated sperm cells in a complex microenvironment. This process involves the genome, epigenome, transcriptome, and proteome to ensure the stability of the spermatogonia and supporting cells. The identification of signaling pathways linked to infertility has been hampered by the inherent complexity and multifactorial aspects of spermatogenesis. Systems biology is a promising approach to unveil underlying signaling pathways and genes and identify putative biomarkers...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
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