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Prenatal ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331960/pregnancy-loss-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-mexican-women
#1
Sandra A Hartasanchez, Mario Flores-Torres, Adriana Monge, Elsa Yunes, Beatriz Rodriguez, Carlos Cantu-Brito, Daniela Colaci, Hector Lamadrid-Figueroa, Ruy Lopez-Ridaura, Martin Lajous
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease in women often develops without conventional risk factors. Prenatal loss is a common pregnancy outcome that may result in physiological changes can increase the potential future risk of cardiovascular disease. Insufficient information exists regarding the impact of pregnancy loss on early markers of cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cross-sectional analysis of 1767 disease-free women from the MTC (Mexican Teachers' Cohort) who had been pregnant was used to evaluate the relationship between pregnancy loss and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329576/spontaneous-prematurity-in-fetuses-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-retrospective-cohort-study-about-prenatal-predictive-factors
#2
Bruna Maria Lopes Barbosa, Agatha S Rodrigues, Mario Henrique Burlacchini Carvalho, Roberto Eduardo Bittar, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco, Lisandra Stein Bernardes
BACKGROUND: To evaluate possible predictive factors of spontaneous prematurity in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Inclusion criteria were presence of CDH; absence of fetoscopy; absence of karyotype abnormality; maximum of one major malformation associated with diaphragmatic hernia; ultrasound monitoring at the Obstetrics Clinic of Clinicas Hospital at the University of São Paulo School of Medicine, from January 2001 to October 2014...
January 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329527/emotional-and-cognitive-experiences-during-the-time-of-diagnosis-and-decision-making-following-a-prenatal-diagnosis-a-qualitative-study-of-males-presented-with-congenital-heart-defect-in-the-fetus-carried-by-their-pregnant-partner
#3
Tommy Carlsson, Elisabet Mattsson
BACKGROUND: Expectant fathers consider the second-trimester obstetric ultrasound examination as an important step towards parenthood, but are ill prepared for a detection of a fetal anomaly. Inductive research is scarce concerning their experiences and needs for support. Consequently, the aim of this study was to explore the emotional and cognitive experiences, during the time of diagnosis and decision-making, among males presented with congenital heart defect in the fetus carried by their pregnant partner...
January 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327352/ultrasound-findings-provide-clues-to-investigate-founder-mutations-expressed-as-runs-of-homozygosity-in-chromosomal-microarray-studies
#4
Hagit Daum, Israela Lerer, Ayala Frumkin, Daniel Rosenak, Nili Yanai, Shay Porat, Simcha Yagel, Vardiella Meiner
OBJECTIVES: Chromosomal microarray (CMA) analysis is effectively applied prenatally to detect copy number changes. SNP probes included in the microarray platform can detect regions of excessive homozygosity (ROH) and identical-by-descent genomic stretches. The utility of the latter as part of prenatal diagnosis is not well established. Recessive founder mutations are well recognized within distinct ethnic groups. Combining these data with prenatal sonography provides accurate focused molecular diagnoses quickly...
January 11, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324912/diuresis-renography-and-ultrasonography-in-children-with-antenatally-detected-hydronephrosis-can-support-diagnoses-and-suggest-related-surgery-treatment
#5
M Radulović, S Beatović, M Janković, Dragana Šobić-Šaranović, Vera Artiko, Boris Ajdinović
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal ultrasound (US) screening detects the hydronephrosis (HN)-dilatation of fetal renal collecting system in 1%-5% of all pregnancies. In most children, HN is detected by prenatal US screening between 18-20 gestational week. Pelvi- ureteric junction (PUJ) stenosis is the most common etiological factor of prenatal HN and requires postnatal follow-up. Diuresis renography plays important role in the follow-up by complementing morphological information obtained by US with the data about differential renal function (DRF) and drainage...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319590/ultrasound-findings-associated-with-antepartum-viral-infection
#6
Jude P Crino, Rita W Driggers
This article reviews the sonographic manifestations of fetal infection and the role of ultrasound in the evaluation of the fetus at risk for congenital infection. Several ultrasound findings have been associated with in utero fetal infections. For the patient with a known or suspected fetal infection, sonographic identification of characteristic abnormalities can provide useful information for counseling and perinatal management. Demonstration of such findings in the low-risk patient may serve to identify the fetus with a previously unsuspected infection...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316359/whole-exome-sequencing-diagnoses-the-first-fetal-case-of-bainbridge-ropers-syndrome-presenting-as-pontocerebellar-hypoplasia-type-1
#7
Séverine Bacrot, Charlotte Mechler, Naima Talhi, Dominique Martin-Coignard, Philippe Roth, Caroline Michot, Amale Ichkou, Olivier Alibeu, Patrick Nitschke, Sophie Thomas, Michel Vekemans, Férechté Razavi, Lucile Boutaud, Tania Attie-Bitach
BACKGROUND: Bainbridge-Ropers syndrome (BRPS) is a recently identified severe disorder characterized by failure to thrive, facial dysmorphism, and severe developmental delay, caused by de novo dominant loss of function mutation in the ASXL3 gene. CASE: We report here the first case of prenatal BRPS in a fetus presenting with arthrogryposis on ultrasound and for pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 1 (PCH1) following neuropathological examination. The diagnosis was done by whole exome sequencing that identified a novel de novo ASXL3 mutation...
January 8, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313307/prenatal-and-postnatal-diagnosis-of-rhabdomyomas-and-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-by-ultrafast-and-standard-mri
#8
Ying Zhou, Su-Zhen Dong, Yu-Min Zhong, Ai-Min Sun
OBJECTIVE: To examine the features of cardiac rhabdomyomas and tuberous sclerosis in fetuses and infants using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to determine whether MRI is an effective tool to facilitate early detection of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). METHODS: Fifteen patients with TSC were evaluated by ultrafast or standard MRI between June 2005 and September 2016. Fifteen patients were divided into two groups. Group A included five cases in utero and followed in infancy with gestational ages from 26 + 1 to 38 + 2 wk...
January 9, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306932/clinical-study-of-fetal-neurobehavior-by-the-kanet-test
#9
REVIEW
Raul Moreira Neto, Selma Porovic
Fetal neurology is evolving as an area of great interest in prenatal diagnosis and fetal medicine. The identification and diagnosis of brain damage prenatally has been a great challenge in obstetrics for many years. Investigations of fetal behavior in comparison with morphological studies led to the conclusion that fetal behavioral patterns directly reflect developmental and maturational processes of the fetal central nervous system (CNS). Four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound has greatly improved the assessment of the quality of the fetal spontaneous movements, and enabled a better evaluation of fetal behavior...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304545/prenatal-diagnosis-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-does-laterality-predict-perinatal-outcomes
#10
Jeffrey D Sperling, Teresa N Sparks, Victoria K Berger, Jody A Farrell, Kristen Gosnell, Roberta L Keller, Mary E Norton, Juan M Gonzalez
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to examine laterality as a predictor of outcomes among fetuses with prenatally diagnosed congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS:  This is a retrospective cohort study of pregnancies with CDH evaluated at our center from 2008 to 2016 compared cases with right-sided CDH (RCDH) versus left-sided CDH (LCDH). The primary outcome was survival to discharge. Secondary outcomes included ultrasound predictors of poor prognosis (liver herniation, stomach herniation, lung area-to-head circumference ratio [LHR]), concurrent anomalies, hydrops, stillbirth, preterm birth, mode of delivery, small for gestational age, use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and length of stay...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301452/ultrasound-characteristics-and-outcome-of-prenatally-diagnosed-fetal-cholelithiasis
#11
Assaad Kesrouani, Nadine Nassif, Bernard Nasr, Elie Choueiry, M D Gihad Chalouhi
We report a small case series of prenatally diagnosed fetal cholelithiasis. After a review of the literature, we discuss ultrasound features, workup and prognosis of prenatally diagnosed fetal gallstones.
January 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284336/prenatal-diagnosis-of-seckel-syndrome-at-21-weeks-gestation-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Mehmet Ozgur Akkurt, Kaan Pakay, Iltac Akkurt, Muzaffer Temur, Engin Korkmazer
BACKGROUND: The Seckel syndrome is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder that characterized severe pre- and post-natal growth restriction, microcephaly and a bird-like fetal head appearance. A few clinical reports revealed prenatal sonographic findings in the literature. CASE: A 29-year-old, Turkish, gravid 3, para 2, woman was referred to our center for further evaluation of a suspicion of microcephaly at 21 weeks' gestation. The couple was third degree consanguineous...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283090/prenatally-detected-unilateral-high-grade-hydronephrosis-can-we-predict-the-natural-history
#13
Osama M Sarhan, Ahmed El Helaly, Abdul Hakim Al Otay, Mustafa Al Ghanbar, Ziad Nakshabandi
INTRODUCTION: Fetal hydronephrosis (HN) occurs in around 5% of pregnancies and its prognosis depends mainly on the grade of the dilation. We attempted to determine the fate of isolated, unilateral, high-grade HN in children with antenatal diagnosis, emphasizing the risk factors for progression. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 424 children (690 kidney units) with antenatal HN in the period between 2010 and 2014. We included only those patients with isolated showed SFU Grade 3 HN in 24 (54%) and SFU Grade 4 HN in 20 (46%)...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278735/expanding-the-fanco-rad51c-associated-phenotype-cleft-lip-and-palate-and-lobar-holoprosencephaly-two-rare-findings-in-fanconi-anemia
#14
Adeline Jacquinet, Lindsay Brown, Jessica Sawkins, Pengfei Liu, Denise Pugash, Margot I Van Allen, Millan S Patel
Fanconi anemia is a rare chromosome instability disorder with a highly variable phenotype. In the antenatal and neonatal periods, the diagnosis is usually suggested by the presence of typical congenital abnormalities such as intrauterine growth retardation, microcephaly and radial ray defects. We report a newborn female with a prenatal diagnosis of Fanconi anemia, complementation group O (FANCO). Antenatal ultrasounds identified symmetrical intrauterine growth retardation, complex heart defect as well as brain anomalies, overlapping fingers and cleft lip and palate...
December 23, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275822/screening-for-fetal-growth-restriction-using-fetal-biometry-combined-with-maternal-biomarkers
#15
REVIEW
Francesca Gaccioli, Irving L M H Aye, Ulla Sovio, D Stephen Charnock-Jones, Gordon C S Smith
Fetal growth restriction is a major determinant of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Screening for fetal growth restriction is a key element of prenatal care but it is recognized to be problematic. Screening using clinical risk assessment and targeting ultrasound to high-risk women is the standard of care in the United States and United Kingdom, but the approach is known to have low sensitivity. Systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials do not demonstrate any benefit from universal ultrasound screening for fetal growth restriction in the third trimester, but the evidence base is not strong...
December 22, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274932/adverse-perinatal-conditions-associated-with-prenatally-detected-fetal-echogenic-bowel-in-nova-scotia
#16
Rachelle Findley, Victoria M Allen, Jo-Ann K Brock
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to estimate the association of adverse perinatal outcomes with pregnancies complicated by fetal echogenic bowel. METHODS: Data for pregnancies complicated with echogenic bowel identified in the second trimester were derived from the tertiary referral IWK Health Centre (Halifax, NS) Viewpoint Ultrasound Database augmented by medical chart review. The study was undertaken between 2003 and 2014. Rates of positive cytomegalovirus and toxoplasmosis infection were determined using maternal serology and amniocentesis results...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251180/maternal-steroid-therapy-for-fetuses-with-immune-mediated-complete-atrioventricular-block-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Andrea Ciardulli, Francesco D'Antonio, Elena Rita Magro-Malosso, Gabriele Saccone, Lamberto Manzoli, Mackenzy Radolec, Vincenzo Berghella
INTRODUCTION: To explore the effect of maternal fluorinated steroid therapy on fetuses affected by immune-mediated complete atrio-ventricular block (CAVB) in utero. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, Cinahl and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched. Only studies reporting the outcome of fetuses with immune CAVB diagnosed on prenatal ultrasound without any cardiac malformations and treated with fluorinated steroids compared to those not treated were included...
December 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250692/esophageal-atresia-with-distal-fistula-unusual-case-series-considerations-related-to-epidemiological-aspects-malformative-associations-and-prenatal-diagnosis
#18
Maria Livia Ognean, Laura Corina Zgârcea, Laura Bălănescu, Oana Boantă, Raluca Elena Dumitra, Florin Grosu, Dan Georgian Bratu, Adrian Gheorghe Boicean, Liliana Coldea, Radu Chicea
BACKGROUND: Esophageal atresia (EA) is the most frequent and severe congenital anomaly of the esophagus, occurring in 1:2500-1:4500 live births. Five types of EA have been described, EA with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) being the most frequent. AIM: The aim of this paper is to evaluate epidemiological aspects, malformative associations, and prenatal diagnosis in an unusual case series of EA with distal TEF. CASE PRESENTATIONS: The authors are analyzing a series of seven cases of EA with distal TEF...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246670/dural-sinus-malformation-imaging-in-the-fetus-based-on-4-cases-and-literature-review
#19
Wei Xia, Daoyu Hu, Peng Xiao, Wenzhong Yang, Xinlin Chen
BACKGROUND: This study aims to describe the imaging characteristic of dural sinus malformation in 4 fetuses with different locations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report a series of 4 fetuses with dural sinus malformation in Hubei Maternal and Children's Hospital from July 2013 to February 2016. All the mothers undertook the prenatal magnetic resonance (MRI) imaging because of the intracranial space-occupying lesions discovered by prenatal ultrasound. RESULTS: Two of the 4 cases demonstrated typical MRI of dural sinus malformation with thrombosis in the vicinity of torcular herophili (also known as sinus confluence), whereas the other 2 cases showed lesions in the superior sagittal sinus and transverse sinus separately...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245039/prenatal-arsenic-exposure-child-marriage-and-pregnancy-weight-gain-associations-with-preterm-birth-in-bangladesh
#20
Mohammad L Rahman, Molly L Kile, Ema G Rodrigues, Linda Valeri, Anita Raj, Maitreyi Mazumdar, Golam Mostofa, Quazi Quamruzzaman, Mahmudur Rahman, Russ Hauser, Andrea Baccarelli, Liming Liang, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a disease of multifactorial etiologies that has environmental, social, and maternal health components. Individual studies have shown that exposure to arsenic contaminated drinking water, child marriage, and low maternal weight gain during pregnancy contribute to preterm birth. These factors are highly prevalent and often co-exist in Bangladesh, a country in South Asia with one of the world's highest prevalences of preterm birth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the individual and interactive effects of prenatal arsenic exposure, child marriage, and pregnancy weight gain on preterm birth in a prospective birth cohort in Bangladesh...
December 12, 2017: Environment International
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