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Kaichi Yamamoto, Yusuke Kanematsu, Umpei Nagashima, Akira Ueda, Hatsumi Mori, Masanori Tachikawa
κ-H3(Cat-EDT-TTF)2 (H-TTF) is a hydrogen-bonded π-electron system which was found to reveal C2/c symmetry at 50-293 K, while its isotopologue, κ-D3(Cat-EDT-TTF)2 (D-TTF), showed the phase transition at 185 K from C2/c to P1[combining macron]. To elucidate the origin of such a difference, we calculated the potential energy curves (PECs) for the hydrogen transfer along the H-bonds in these conductors. We found that both the π-stacking and the hydrogen nuclear quantum effect drastically affected the hydrogen transfer energy...
October 24, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Chao Ding, Shaopeng Chen, Cunlong Zhang, Guangnan Hu, Wei Zhang, Lulu Li, Yu Zong Chen, Chunyan Tan, Yuyang Jiang
By merging the critical pharmacophore of EGFR/HER2 and HDAC inhibitors into one compound, a novel series of EGFR, HER-2, and HDAC multitarget inhibitors were synthesized. Compounds 9a-l contained 4-anilinoquinazolines with C-6 triazole-linked long alkyl chains of hydroxamic acid and displayed excellent inhibition against these enzymes (compound 9d exhibited the best inhibitory potency on wild-type EGFR, HDAC1, and HDAC6 with IC50 values 0.12nM, 0.72nM and 3.2nM individually). Furthermore, compounds 9b and 9d potently inhibited proliferation of five human cancer cell lines (with IC50 values between 0...
October 10, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Cortney L Lawrence, Albert S Baldwin
Enhancer of zeste homology 2 (EZH2) is the methyltransferase component of the polycomb repressive complex (PRC2) which represses gene transcription via histone H3 trimethylation at lysine 23 (H3K27me3). EZH2 activity has been linked with oncogenesis where it is thought to block expression of certain tumor suppressors. Relative to a role in cancer, EZH2 functions to promote self-renewal and has been shown to be important for the tumor-initiating cell (TIC) phenotype in breast cancer. Recently a non-canonical role for EZH2 has been identified where it promotes transcriptional activation of certain genes...
2016: PloS One
Cédric Boulho, Harmen S Zijlstra, Alexander Hofmann, Peter H M Budzelaar, Sjoerd Harder
Reaction of (TBBP)AlMe⋅THF with [Cp*2 Zr(Me)OH] gave [(TBBP)Al(THF)-O-Zr(Me)Cp*2 ] (TBBP=3,3',5,5'-tetra-tBu-2,2'-biphenolato). Reaction of [DIPPnacnacAl(Me)-O-Zr(Me)Cp2 ] with [PhMe2 NH](+) [B(C6 F5 )4 ](-) gave a cationic Al/Zr complex that could be structurally characterized as its THF adduct [(DIPPnacnac)Al(Me)-O-Zr(THF)Cp2 ](+) [B(C6 F5 )4 ](-) (DIPPnacnac=HC[(Me)C=N(2,6-iPr2 -C6 H3 )]2 ). The first complex polymerizes ethene in the presence of an alkylaluminum scavenger but in the absence of methylalumoxane (MAO)...
October 20, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Jianbo Li, Huixia Jia, Xiaojiao Han, Jin Zhang, Pei Sun, Mengzhu Lu, Jianjun Hu
Salix psammophila is a desert shrub willow that has extraordinary adaptation to abiotic stresses and plays an important role in maintaining local ecosystems. Moreover, S. psammophila is regarded as a promising biomass feedstock because of its high biomass yields and short rotation coppice cycle. However, few suitable reference genes (RGs) for quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) constrain the study on normalization of gene expression in S. psammophila until now. Here, we investigated the expression stabilities of 14 candidate RGs across tissue types and under four abiotic stress treatments, including heat, cold, salt, and drought treatments...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Pradyut K Paul, Mary E Rabaglia, Chen-Yu Wang, Donald S Stapleton, Ning Leng, Christina Kendziorski, Peter W Lewis, Mark P Keller, Alan D Attie
Anti-silencing function 1 (ASF1) is a histone H3-H4 chaperone involved in DNA replication and repair, and transcriptional regulation. Here, we identify ASF1B, the mammalian paralog to ASF1, as a proliferation-inducing histone chaperone in human β-cells. Overexpression of ASF1B led to distinct transcriptional signatures consistent with increased cellular proliferation and reduced cellular death. Using multiple methods of monitoring proliferation and mitotic progression, we show that overexpression of ASF1B is sufficient to induce human β-cell proliferation...
October 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
Cheng-Hua Zhou, Ming-Xing Zhang, Sha-Sha Zhou, Huan Li, Jian Gao, Lei Du, Xiao-Xing Yin
Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that epigenetic modification-mediated changes in pain-related gene expressions play an important role in the development and maintenance of neuropathic pain. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), anicotinamide adenosine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylase, is involved in the development of chronic pain. Moreover, SIRT1 may be a novel therapeutic target for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). But the role of SIRT1 in T2DM-induced neuropathic pain remains unknown. In this study, we found that spinal SIRT1 expression and activity were down-regulated significantly in high-fat-fed/low-dose STZ-induced neuropathic pain rats...
September 29, 2016: Pain
Ai-Shun Guo, Yi-Qun Huang, Xu-Dong Ma, Rui-Sheng Lin
The present study aimed to investigate the differential expression and clinical significance of histone methyltransferase G9a, histone H3K9me2 and histone H3K9me1 in human brain glioma and adjacent tissue samples. It also aimed to observe the effect and mechanism of BIX‑01294, as an inhibitor of methyltransferase G9a, on the proliferation, apoptosis, methylation of H3K9 and H3K27, and the acetylation in U251 glioma cells in vitro. The differential expression of methyltransferase G9a, histone H3K9me2 and histone H3K9me1 in in human brain glioma and adjacent tissues were analyzed by immunohistochemistry, a growth curve of U251 cells following treatment with BIX‑01294 was determined using the MTT assay...
October 6, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Saeed Izadi, Ramu Anandakrishnan, Alexey V Onufriev
Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations based on the implicit solvent generalized Born (GB) models can provide significant computational advantages over the traditional explicit solvent simulations. However, the standard GB becomes prohibitively expensive for all-atom simulations of large structures; the model scales poorly, ~n^2, with the number of solute atoms. Here we combine our recently developed Optimal Point Charge Approximation (OPCA) with the Hierarchical Charge Partitioning (HCP) approximation to present an ~n log n multi-scale, yet fully atomistic, GB model (GB-HCPO)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Jianjun Yang, Donghong Yuan, Tongchao Xing, Hongli Su, Shengjun Zhang, Jiansheng Wen, Qiqiang Bai, Dongmei Dang
BACKGROUND: Ginsenoside Rh2 (GRh2) is the main bioactive component in American ginseng, a commonly used herb, and its antitumor activity had been studied in previous studies. PDZ-binding kinase/T-LAK cell-originated protein kinase (PBK/TOPK), a serine/threonine protein kinase, is highly expressed in HCT116 colorectal cancer cells. METHODS: We examined the effect of GRh2 on HCT116 cells ex vivo. Next, we performed in vitro binding assay and in vitro kinase assay to search for the target of GRh2...
October 2016: Journal of Ginseng Research
Nayeli Rivera-Ramírez, Wilber Montejo-López, María-Cristina López-Méndez, Agustín Guerrero-Hernández, Anayansi Molina-Hernández, Ubaldo García-Hernández, José-Antonio Arias-Montaño
The histamine H3 receptor (H3R) is abundantly expressed in the Central Nervous System where it regulates several functions pre and postsynaptically. H3Rs couple to Gαi/o proteins and trigger or modulate several intracellular signaling pathways, including the cAMP/PKA pathway and the opening of N- and P/Q-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels. In transfected cells, activation of the human H3R of 445 amino acids (hH3R445) results in phospholipase C (PLC) stimulation and release of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores...
October 12, 2016: Neurochemistry International
Long Jin, Hai-Ying Zhu, Qing Guo, Xiao-Chen Li, Yu-Chen Zhang, Cheng-Du Cui, Wen-Xue Li, Zheng-Yun Cui, Xi-Jun Yin, Jin-Dan Kang
Cloning remains as an important technique to enhance the reconstitution and distribution of animal population with high-genetic merit. One of the major detrimental factors of this technique is the abnormal epigenetic modifications. MGCD0103 is known as a histone deacetylase inhibitor. In this study, we investigated the effect of MGCD0103 on the in vitro blastocyst formation rate in porcine somatic cell nuclear transferred (SCNT) embryos and expression in acetylation of the histone H3 lysine 9 and histone H4 lysine 12...
September 13, 2016: Theriogenology
Rima Matsuyama, Noriko Yamano, Namiko Kawamura, Takeshi Omasa
The establishment process of high-producing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells for therapeutic protein production is usually laborious and time consuming because of the low probability of obtaining stable, high-producing clones over a long term. Thus, development of an efficient approach is required to establish stable, high-producing cells. This study presents a novel method that can efficiently establish sustainably high-producing cell lines by acceleration of transgene amplification and suppression of transgene silencing...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Eon Jeong Nam, Jin Hee Kang, Keum Hee Sa, Shijin Sung, Jae Yong Park, Dong-Gyu Jo, Jae Hyung Park, In San Kim, Young Mo Kang
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic agents that are transformable via introducing cleavable linkage by locally enriched MMP-2 within inflamed synovium would enhance therapeutic efficacy on chronic inflammatory arthritis. Transforming growth factor-β-inducible gene-h3 (βig-h3), which consists of four fas-1 domains and an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) motif, intensifies inflammatory processes by facilitating adhesion and migration of fibroblast-like synoviocyte in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
2016: PloS One
Gen Suzuki, Rebeccah F Young, Merced M Leiker, Takayuki Suzuki
A major problem in translating stem cell therapeutics is the difficulty of producing stable, long-term severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in a large animal model. For that purpose, extensive infarction was created in sinclair miniswine by injecting microspheres (1.5 × 10(6) microspheres, 45 μm diameter) in LAD. At 2 months after embolization, animals (n = 11) were randomized to receive allogeneic cardiosphere-derived cells derived from atrium (CDCs: 20 × 10(6), n = 5) or saline (untreated, n = 6)...
2016: Stem Cells International
Nicolás Herranz, Natàlia Dave, Alba Millanes-Romero, Laura Pascual, Lluis Morey, Víctor M Díaz, Víctor Lórenz-Fonfría, Ricardo Gutierrez-Gallego, Celia Jerónimo, Ane Iturbide, Luciano Di Croce, Antonio García de Herreros, Sandra Peiró
Methylation of histone H3 lysine 4 is linked to active transcription and can be removed by LSD1 or the JmjC domain-containing proteins by amino-oxidation or hydroxylation, respectively. Here we describe that its deamination can be catalyzed by lysyl oxidase-like 2 protein (LOXL2), presenting an unconventional chemical mechanism for H3K4 modification. Infrared spectroscopy and mass spectrometry analyses demonstrated that recombinant LOXL2 specifically deaminates trimethylated H3K4. Moreover, by regulating H3K4me3 deamination, LOXL2 activity is linked with the transcriptional control of the CDH1 gene...
October 13, 2016: FEBS Journal
Alison C McQuilken, Quang Minh Dao, Allan Jay P Cardenas, Jeffery A Bertke, Stefan Grimme, Timothy H Warren
We report a new class of frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs) by the hydroboration of bulky isocyanates (iPr2) ArNCO ((iPr2) Ar=2,6-iPr2 C6 H3 ) and (Ph2tBu) ArNCO ((Ph2tBu) Ar=2,6-Ph2 -4-tBuC6 H2 ) with Piers' borane (HB(C6 F5 )2 ). While hydroboration of smaller isocyanates such as (iPr2) ArNCO leads to isocyanate-N/B FLP adducts, hydroboration of the bulkier (Ph2tBu) ArNCO allows isolation of the substrate-free aminoborane with a short, covalent N-B bond. This confused FLP reversibly binds unsaturated substrates such as isocyanates and isocyanides, suggesting the intermediacy of a "normal" FLP along the reaction pathway, supported by high-level DFT studies and variable-temperature NMR spectroscopy...
October 13, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Tongtong Li, Baosheng Liu, Shaotong Duan, Mengmeng Cui
In this study, the fluorescence spectra of sarafloxacin (SAR) under different pH conditions were investigated to determine the structural changes due to protonation that result from change in pH. At pH < 1.02, SAR exists in the H3 L(2)(+) form for which the maximum fluorescence emission wavelength was about 455 nm. At pH 1.87-4.94, SAR exists in the H2 L(+) form in which H3 L(2)(+) loses one proton in the nitrogen molecule at the 1-position in the quinoline ring. Fluorescence intensity was strong and steady and the maximum emission wavelength was 458 nm...
October 10, 2016: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Kentaro Inamura, Yusuke Yokouchi, Maki Kobayashi, Rie Sakakibara, Hironori Ninomiya, Sophia Subat, Hiroko Nagano, Kimie Nomura, Sakae Okumura, Tomoko Shibutani, Yuichi Ishikawa
OBJECTIVES: Compared with non-smoking counterparts, smoking-associated lung cancers have a higher mutational load, resulting in the creation of more tumor neoantigens and increased immunogenicity. B7-H3 (also known as CD276) belongs to a family of immune modulators that includes PD-1 and PD-L1 (also known as B7-H1 or CD274). Considering the evidence that PD-L1 inhibitors have been shown to be more effective against lung cancer in smokers, we herein examined the prognostic interaction of tumor B7-H3 expression level with smoking history in lung adenocarcinoma patients...
October 1, 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Yan-Jiun Lee, M J Schmidt, Jeffery M Tharp, Annemarie Weber, Amber L Koenig, Hong Zheng, Jianmin Gao, Marcey L Waters, Daniel Summerer, Wenshe R Liu
Fluorophenylalanines bearing 2-5 fluorine atoms at the phenyl ring have been genetically encoded by amber codon. Replacement of F59, a phenylalanine residue that is directly involved in interactions with trimethylated K9 of histone H3, in the Mpp8 chromodomain recombinantly with fluorophenylalanines significantly impairs the binding to a K9-trimethylated H3 peptide.
October 18, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
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