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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793052/title-lhp1-interacts-with-atrx-through-plant-specific-domains-at-specific-loci-targeted-by-prc2
#1
Haifeng Wang, Danhua Jiang, Elin Axelsson, Zdravko J Lorković, Sean Montgomery, Sarah Holec, Bas J G E Pieters, Abbas H K Al Temimi, Jasmin Mecinović, Frédéric Berger
Heterochromatin Protein 1 (HP1) is a major regulator of chromatin structure and function. In animals, the network of proteins interacting with HP1 is mainly associated with constitutive heterochromatin marked by H3K9me3. HP1 physically interacts with the putative orthologue of the SNF2 chromatin remodeler ATRX, which controls deposition of the histone variant H3.3 in mammals. In Arabidopsis thaliana, we show that the orthologue of ATRX participates in H3.3 deposition and characterize the function of conserved domains of plant ATRX...
May 21, 2018: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792332/ligation-enhanced-%C3%AF-hole%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%AF-interactions-involving-isocyanides-effect-of-%C3%AF-hole%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%AF-noncovalent-bonding-on-conformational-stabilization-of-acyclic-diaminocarbene-ligands
#2
Alexander S Mikherdov, Mikhail A Kinzhalov, Alexander S Novikov, Vadim P Boyarskiy, Irina A Boyarskaya, Margarita S Avdontceva, Vadim Yu Kukushkin
The reaction of cis-[PdCl2 (CNXyl)2 ] (Xyl = 2,6-Me2 C6 H3 ) with the aminoazoles [1 H-imidazol-2-amine (1), 4 H-1,2,4-triazol-3-amine (2), 1 H-tetrazol-5-amine (3), 1 H-benzimidazol-2-amine (4), 1-alkyl-1 H-benzimidazol-2-amines, where alkyl = Me (5), Et (6)] in a 2:1 ratio in the presence of a base in CHCl3 at RT proceeds regioselectively and leads to the binuclear diaminocarbene complexes [(ClPdCNXyl)2 {μ-C(N-azolyl)N(Xyl)C═NXyl}] (7-12; 73-91%). Compounds 7-12 were characterized by C, H, N elemental analyses, high-resolution ESI+ -MS, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, 1D (1 H, 13 C) and 2D (1 H,1 H-COSY, 1 H,1 H-NOESY, 1 H,13 C-HSQC, 1 H,13 C-HMBC) NMR spectroscopies, and X-ray diffraction (XRDn)...
May 24, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784424/sensitive-determination-of-seven-triazine-herbicide-in-honey-tomato-and-environmental-water-samples-by-hollow-fiber-based-liquid-liquid-liquid-microextraction-combined-with-sweeping-micellar-electrokinetic-capillary-chromatography
#3
Qing Yang, Beibei Chen, Man He, Bin Hu
A rapid, simple, and effective method has been developed for the determination of seven triazine herbicides (terbutryn, prometryn, ametryn, prometon, propazine, atrazine, simazine) by coupling off-line hollow fiber liquid liquid liquid microextraction (HF-LLLME) with on-line sweeping micellar electrokinetic chromatography (sweeping-MEKC). In HF-LLLME, seven target triazines in hydrophobic form were extracted from the sample solution into decane impregnated in the pores of the hollow fiber, and then back-extracted into 1 mol L-1 H3 PO4 inside the hollow fiber lumen...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780563/chemical-structure-and-bonding-in-a-thorium-iii-aluminum-heterobimetallic-complex
#4
Alison B Altman, Alexandra C Brown, Guodong Rao, Trevor D Lohrey, R David Britt, Laurent Maron, Stefan G Minasian, David K Shuh, John Arnold
Thorium sits at a unique position on the periodic table. On one hand, there is little evidence that its 5f orbitals engage in bonding as they do in other early actinides; on the other hand, its chemistry is distinct from Lewis acidic transition metals. To gain insight into the underlying electronic structure of Th and develop trends across the actinide series, it is useful to study Th(iii) and Th(ii) systems with valence electrons that may engage in non-electrostatic metal-ligand interactions, although only a handful of such systems are known...
May 14, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780553/reactivity-enhancement-of-a-diphosphene-by-reversible-n-heterocyclic-carbene-coordination
#5
Debabrata Dhara, Pankaj Kalita, Subhadip Mondal, Ramakirushnan Suriya Narayanan, Kaustubh R Mote, Volker Huch, Michael Zimmer, Cem B Yildiz, David Scheschkewitz, Vadapalli Chandrasekhar, Anukul Jana
Diphosphene TerMes P = PTerMes ( 1 ; TerMes = 2,6-Mes2 C6 H3 ; Mes = 2,4,6-Me3 C6 H2 ) and NHCMe4 2 (NHCMe4 = 1,3,4,5-tetramethylimidazol-2-ylidene) exist in an equilibrium mixture with the NHCMe4 -coordinated diphosphene 3 . While uncoordinated 1 is inert to hydrolysis, the NHC adduct 3 readily undergoes hydrolysis to afford a phosphino-substituted phosphine oxide with the liberation of NHCMe4 . On this basis, conditions suitable for the catalytic use of NHCMe4 were identified. Similarly, while the hydrogenation of free diphosphene 1 with H3 N·BH3 is very slow, 3 reacts instantaneously with H3 N·BH3 at room temperature to afford a dihydrodiphosphane...
May 14, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780520/a-redox-active-diborane-platform-performs-c-sp-3-h-activation-and-nucleophilic-substitution-reactions
#6
Thomas Kaese, Timo Trageser, Hendrik Budy, Michael Bolte, Hans-Wolfram Lerner, Matthias Wagner
Organoboranes are among the most versatile and widely used reagents in synthetic chemistry. A significant further expansion of their application spectrum would be achievable if boron-containing reactive intermediates capable of inserting into C-H bonds or performing nucleophilic substitution reactions were readily available. However, current progress in the field is still hampered by a lack of universal design concepts and mechanistic understanding. Herein we report that the doubly arylene-bridged diborane(6) 1 H2 and its B 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 1111111111111111111111111111111111 1111111111111111111111111111111111 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 1111111111111111111111111111111111 1111111111111111111111111111111111 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 B-bonded formal deprotonation product Li2 [ 1 ] can activate the particularly inert C(sp3 )-H bonds of added H3 CLi and H3 CCl, respectively...
April 21, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778197/genetic-analysis-and-biological-characteristics-of-different-internal-gene-origin-h5n6-reassortment-avian-influenza-virus-in-china-in-2016
#7
Wenqiang Sun, Jiaxin Li, Jiao Hu, Daxiu Jiang, Chaonan Xing, Tiansong Zhan, Xiufan Liu
Clade 2.3.4.4 of H5N6 subtype Avian Influenza Viruses (AIVs) has become dominant clade in South-East Asia. So far, a total of 16 cases of human infection, including 6 deaths, have been confirmed since 2014. In this study, we systematically investigated the genetic evolution and biological characteristics of these viruses. We first carried out phylogenetic and statistical analysis of all H5N6 viruses that were downloaded from Influenza Research Database, GISAID and isolates from our lab. We found that H5N6 AIVs continued to reassort with other AIVs subtypes since 2014...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775417/targeting-histone-methyltransferase-enhancer-of-zeste-homolog-2-inhibits-renal-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-attenuates-renal-fibrosis
#8
Xiaoxu Zhou, Chongxiang Xiong, Evelyn Tolbert, Ting C Zhao, George Bayliss, Shougang Zhuang
Enhancer of zeste homolog-2 (EZH2) is a methyltransferase that induces histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) and functions as an oncogenic factor in many cancer types. Its role in renal epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) remains unknown. In this study, we found that EZH2 and H3K27me3 were highly expressed in mouse kidney with unilateral ureteral obstruction and cultured mouse kidney proximal tubular (TKPT) cells undergoing EMT. Inhibition of EZH2 with 3-deazaneplanocin A (3-DZNeP) attenuated renal fibrosis, which was associated with preserving E-cadherin expression and inhibiting Vimentin up-regulation in the obstructed kidney...
May 18, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774080/microrna-193b-3p-regulates-chondrogenesis-and-chondrocyte-metabolism-by-targeting-hdac3
#9
Fangang Meng, Zhiwen Li, Zhiqi Zhang, Zibo Yang, Yan Kang, Xiaoyi Zhao, Dianbo Long, Shu Hu, Minghui Gu, Suiwen He, Peihui Wu, Zongkun Chang, Aishan He, Weiming Liao
Histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) plays a pivotal role in the repression of cartilage-specific gene expression in human chondrocytes. The aim of this study was to determine whether microRNA-193b-3p (miR-193b-3p) regulates the expression of HDAC3 during chondrogenesis and chondrocyte metabolism. Methods: miR-193b-3p expression was assessed in a human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) model of chondrogenesis, in interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-treated primary human chondrocytes (PHCs), and in non-degraded and degraded cartilage...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771114/controlled-polymerization-in-polar-solvents-to-ultrahigh-molecular-weight-polyethylene
#10
Philip Kenyon, Melissa Wörner, Stefan Mecking
Novel complexes based on 2,4,8-triarylnaphthylamine [[(2,4-{3,5-(CF3 )2 C6 H3 }2 -8-(3,5-R2 C6 H3 )-C10 H4 )-N═C(H)-{3-(9-anthryl)-2-O-C6 H3 }-κ2 -N,O]Ni(CH3 )(pyridine)] (4-Py, R = Me; 5-Py, R = CF3 ) were synthesized from 8-arylnaphthylamines which can be generated via selective lithiation, borylation, and coupling in a one-pot procedure. Due to their living characteristics in ethylene polymerization and the particularly low propensity of 5-Py for β-H elimination as reflected by a high linearity even at elevated polymerization temperatures of 60 °C, ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is formed in polar organic solvents (THF, diethyl ether) as a reaction medium in a controlled polymerization ( Mw / Mn = 1...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771107/design-and-synthesis-of-a-biocompatible-1d-coordination-polymer-as-anti-breast-cancer-drug-carrier-5-fu-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#11
Mahsa Rezaei, Alireza Abbasi, Rassoul Dinarvand, Mahmood Jeddi-Tehrani, Jan Janczak
Designable coordination polymers with suitable chemical diversities and biocompatible structures have been proposed as a promising class of vehicles for drug delivery systems. Here, we hydrothermally synthesized a novel one-dimensional (1D) coordination polymer, [Zn(H2 O)6 K2 (H2 BTC)2 (H2 O)4 ](H2 BTC)2 ·2H2 O, where H3 BTC = benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid (trimesic acid), cp.1. As the hydrogen bonds stabilized 1D chains in three dimensions, the cp.1 could be a good candidate for delivering small-molecule chemotherapeutics such as 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu)...
May 17, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765534/bi2536-induces-mitotic-catastrophe-and-radiosensitization-in-human-oral-cancer-cells
#12
Chieh-Yuan Cheng, Chung-Ji Liu, Yu-Chuen Huang, Shu-Hua Wu, Hsu-Wei Fang, Yu-Jen Chen
BI2536 has been developed as a potential therapeutic agent for various cancers but not in oral cancer cells. Since BI2536 exhibits mitosis-regulating activity which are the most radiosensitive, we hypothesized that BI2536 might modulate the radiosensitivity of oral cancer cells. Human normal fibroblasts, oral cancer SAS, and OECM1 cells were treated with BI2536 (0-50 nM) and/or radiation (0-4 Gy). MTT assay, Liu's staining, flow cytometry, clonogenic assay, Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) staining, western blot analysis, and small interfering RNA knockdown experiments were used to assess cell viability, morphology, cell cycle progression, radiation survival, and expression of regulatory proteins in vitro ...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765262/a-new-notomastus-annelida-capitellidae-species-from-korean-waters-with-genetic-comparison-based-on-three-gene-markers
#13
Man-Ki Jeong, Ho Young Soh, Jin Hee Wi, Hae-Lip Suh
Notomastus koreanus sp. n. , collected from the sublittoral muddy bottom of Korean waters, is described as a new species. The Korean new species closely resembles N. torquatus Hutchings & Rainer, 1979 in the chaetal arrangement and the details of abdominal segments, but differs in the position of genital pores and the absence of eyes. DNA sequences (mtCOI, 16S rRNA, and histone H3) of the new species were compared with all the available sequences of Notomastus species in the GenBank database. Three genes showed significant genetic differences between the new species and its congeners (COI: 51...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763912/-a-succinate-ether-derivative-of-tocotrienol-enhances-dickkopf-1-gene-expression-through-epigenetic-alterations-in-malignant-mesothelioma-cells
#14
Ayami Sato, Haruka Ueno, Momoka Fusegi, Saki Kaneko, Kakeru Kohno, Nantiga Virgona, Akira Ando, Yuko Sekine, Tomohiro Yano
BACKGROUND: Wnt signaling plays an essential role in tumor cell growth, including the development of malignant mesothelioma (MM). Epigenetic silencing of negative Wnt regulators leading to constitutive Wnt signaling has been observed in various cancers and warrants further attention. We have reported that a succinate ether derivative of α-tocotrienol (T3E) has potent cytotoxic effects in MM cells. Thus, in this study, we investigated whether the anti-MM effect of T3E could be mediated via the epigenetic alteration of the Wnt antagonist gene, Dickkopf-1 (DKK1)...
May 15, 2018: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763623/molecular-pathological-radiological-and-immune-profiling-of-non-brainstem-pediatric-high-grade-glioma-from-the-herby-phase-ii-randomized-trial
#15
Alan Mackay, Anna Burford, Valeria Molinari, David T W Jones, Elisa Izquierdo, Jurriaan Brouwer-Visser, Felice Giangaspero, Christine Haberler, Torsten Pietsch, Thomas S Jacques, Dominique Figarella-Branger, Daniel Rodriguez, Paul S Morgan, Pichai Raman, Angela J Waanders, Adam C Resnick, Maura Massimino, Maria Luisa Garrè, Helen Smith, David Capper, Stefan M Pfister, Thomas Würdinger, Rachel Tam, Josep Garcia, Meghna Das Thakur, Gilles Vassal, Jacques Grill, Tim Jaspan, Pascale Varlet, Chris Jones
The HERBY trial was a phase II open-label, randomized, multicenter trial evaluating bevacizumab (BEV) in addition to temozolomide/radiotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed non-brainstem high-grade glioma (HGG) between the ages of 3 and 18 years. We carried out comprehensive molecular analysis integrated with pathology, radiology, and immune profiling. In post-hoc subgroup analysis, hypermutator tumors (mismatch repair deficiency and somatic POLE/POLD1 mutations) and those biologically resembling pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma ([PXA]-like, driven by BRAF_V600E or NF1 mutation) had significantly more CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, and longer survival with the addition of BEV...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760279/histone-h3k27-methylation-is-required-for-nhej-and-genome-stability-by-modulating-the-dynamics-of-fancd2-on-chromatin
#16
Ye Zhang, Jian-Feng Chang, Jin Sun, Lu Chen, Xiao-Mei Yang, Huan-Yin Tang, Yuan-Ya Jing, Xuan Kang, Zhi-Min He, Jun-Yu Wu, Hui-Min Wei, Da-Liang Wang, Rong-Gang Xu, Rui-Bao Zhu, Ying Shen, Shi-Yang Zeng, Chen Wang, Kui-Nan Liu, Yong Zhang, Zhi-Ying Mao, Ci-Zhong Jiang, Fang-Lin Sun
Dysregulation of homeostatic balance in di- and tri-methyl H3K27 levels or that caused by mis-sense mutations of histone H3 (H3K27M) was reported to be associated with various types of cancers. In this study, we found that reduction in H3K27me2/3 caused by H3.1K27M, a mutation of H3 variants found in DIPG patients, dramatically attenuated the presence of 53BP1 foci and NHEJ repair capability in HDF cells. H3.1K27M cells showed increased rates of genomic insertions/deletions (In/Dels) and copy number variations (CNVs), as well as augmented p53-dependent apoptotic cells...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759229/evaluation-of-polar-organic-chemical-integrative-and-hollow-fibre-samplers-for-the-determination-of-a-wide-variety-of-organic-polar-compounds-in-seawater
#17
Leire Mijangos, Haizea Ziarrusta, Ailette Prieto, Oihane Zugazua, Olatz Zuloaga, Maitane Olivares, Aresatz Usobiaga, Albrecht Paschke, Nestor Etxebarria
The calibration of two passive samplers for the determination of 20 emerging organic compounds in seawater is described in this work: i) a new version of polar organic chemical integrative sampler (POCIS) containing 100 mg of mixed-mode anion exchanger (Strata X-AW) and 100 mg of polymeric HLB (Plexa) sorbent materials and using a highly porous Nylon membrane (30-μm pore size) and ii) polyethersulfone (PES) hollow fibre. Among the studied contaminants, herbicides, hormones, life style products (stimulants and artificial sweeteners), industrial chemicals (corrosion inhibitor and fluorinated compounds), personal care products and several pharmaceuticals were included...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758465/an-experimental-and-dft-study-of-the-packing-and-structure-of-dithenoylmethane-monocarbonylphosphine-rhodium-i-complex-rh-c-4-h-3-s-cochco-c-4-h-3-s-co-pph-3
#18
Marrigje Marianne Conradie, Petrus H van Rooyen
[Rh((C4 H3 S)COCHCO(C4 H3 S))(CO)(PPh3 )] crystals stack in one dimensional linear chains in the solid state, with slightly slipped π-stacking of the thienyl groups of one molecule and the β-diketonato backbone of a neighbouring molecule. The observed stacking is possible due to the near planar orientation of the two aromatic thienyl groups and the β-diketonato backbone. The experimentally observed stacking and close intermolecular contacts are in agreement with theoretical QTAIM calculated intermolecular bond paths and intermolecular hydrogen bonds between neighbouring molecules...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757500/immunohistochemistry-for-histone-h3g34w-and-h3k36m-is-highly-specific-for-giant-cell-tumor-of-bone-and-chondroblastoma-respectively-in-fna-and-core-needle-biopsy
#19
Inga-Marie Schaefer, Jonathan A Fletcher, G Petur Nielsen, Angela R Shih, Marco L Ferrone, Jason L Hornick, Xiaohua Qian
BACKGROUND: Diagnosing giant cell-rich bone tumors can be challenging on limited biopsies. H3 histone family member 3A (H3F3A) (G34W/V/R/L) mutations are present in the majority of giant cell tumors (GCTs) of bone and H3 histone family member 3B (H3F3B) (K36M) mutations are present in nearly all chondroblastomas, but are absent in histologic mimics. Mutation-specific immunohistochemistry (IHC) is highly specific for GCT and chondroblastoma in surgical excisions. The objective of the current study was to validate H3G34W and H3K36M IHC in the diagnosis of giant cell-rich bone tumors on fine-needle aspiration and core needle biopsy specimens...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752148/malignant-primary-diffuse-leptomeningeal-gliomatosis-with-histone-h3-3-k27m-mutation
#20
C Champeaux, A Drier, B Devaux, A Tauziède-Espariat
INTRODUCTION: Malignant primary diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis (MPDLG) are rare central nervous system neoplasms associated with a poor outcome. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 40-year-old woman who presented with unusual worsening of bilateral sciatica, headaches, diplopia and a left proptosis. MRI of the head and spine showed multiple leptomeningeal lesions with no intra parenchymal involvement. The search for a primary tumor was negative. An open surgical biopsy of the prominent intradural lumbar tumor was performed within a week...
May 8, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
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