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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158009/effect-of-carbamazepine-on-expression-of-udp-glucuronosyltransferase-1a6-and-1a7-in-rat-brain
#1
Yuki Asai, Yukiko Sakakibara, Masayuki Nadai, Miki Katoh
Because UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (Ugt) 1a6 and Ugt1a7 are highly expressed in the rat brain, changes in Ugt1a6 and Ugt1a7 expression may affect the pharmacokinetics of drugs and endogenous compounds in the brain. The present study aimed to elucidate the effect of carbamazepine (CBZ), a typical UGT inducer, on Ugt1a6 and Ugt1a7 expression in the rat brain. Sprague-Dawley rats were treated intraperitoneally for 7 d with CBZ (100 mg/kg/d). Ugt1a6 and Ugt1a7 mRNAs were induced by CBZ in the cerebellum, piriform cortex, and hippocampus (Ugt1a6: 3...
October 5, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157192/neonatal-and-juvenile-ocular-development-in-sprague-dawley-rats-a-histomorphological-and-immunohistochemical-study
#2
Vanessa Vrolyk, Julius Haruna, Marie-Odile Benoit-Biancamano
As in many altricial species, rats are born with fused eyelids and markedly underdeveloped eyes. While the normal histology of the eyes of mature rats is known, the histomorphological changes occurring during postnatal eye development in this species remain incompletely characterized. This study was conducted to describe the postnatal development of ocular structures in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats during the first month of age using histology and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Both eyes were collected from 51 SD rats at 13 time points between postnatal day (PND)1 and PND30...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141557/halilectin-3-a-lectin-from-the-marine-sponge-haliclona-caerulea-induces-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-human-breast-cancer-mcf7-cells-through-caspase-9-pathway-and-lc3-ii-protein-expression
#3
Luiz Gonzaga do Nascimento-Neto, Maria Guadalupe Cabral, Romulo Farias Carneiro, Zelia Silva, Francisco Vassiliepe Sousa Arruda, Celso Shiniti Nagano, Alexandra R Fernandes, Alexandre Holanda Sampaio, Edson Holanda Teixeira, Paula A Videira
BACKGROUND: An ideal strategy for cancer treatment is the specific induction of tumor cell death, sparing normal cells. Marine sponges are rich biological reservoirs of biomolecules, especially lectins, which have attracted considerable attention due to potential biological effect on human cells. Lectins are proteins that bind specific carbohydrate signatures and some gained further interest for their capacity to bind tumor associated carbohydrates antigens and induce tumor cell apoptosis...
November 13, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141373/-a-concentration-response-observation-of-hydromorphone-combined-with-ropivacaine-in-labor-analgesia
#4
Y Y Lu, H Huang, W L Mao, R H Liu, M J Hu, L X Shao, M P Hu, J Li
Objective: To investigate the median effective dose (ED(50)) of hydromorphone and the appropriate concentration of ropivacaine combined with hydromorphone in epidural labor analgesia. Methods: One hundred and forty nulliparous women undergoing labor selected for delivery with epidural analgesia were enrolled in our hospital from January to June 2016. The first of top 50 women received 0.12% ropivacaine plus 20 μg/ml hydromorphone complex solution, then sequential women were used the modified sequential method to determine the ED(50) and ED(95) of hydromorphone...
November 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138512/proteome-wide-identification-of-lysine-2-hydroxyisobutyrylation-reveals-conserved-and-novel-histone-modifications-in-physcomitrella-patens
#5
Zhiming Yu, Jun Ni, Wei Sheng, Zhikun Wang, Yuhuan Wu
Protein lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation (Khib) is a newly identified post-translational modification found in animal and yeast cells. Previous research suggested that histone Khib is involved in male cell differentiation and plays a critical role in the regulation of chromatin functions in animals. However, information regarding protein Khib in plants is still limited. In this study, using a specific antibody and LC-MS/MS methods, we identified 11,976 Khib sites in 3,001 proteins in Physcomitrella patens. The bioinformatics analysis indicated that these Khib-modified proteins were involved in a wide range of molecular functions and cellular processes, and showed diverse subcellular localizations...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136592/human-sirtuin-3-sirt3-deacetylates-histone-h3-lysine-56-to-promote-nonhomologous-end-joining-repair
#6
Amrita Sengupta, Devyani Haldar
Human sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) is a conserved NAD(+) dependent deacetylase, which functions in important cellular processes including transcription, metabolism, oxidative stress response. It is a robust mitochondrial deacetylase; however, few studies have indicated its nuclear functions. Here we report interaction of SIRT3 with core histones and identified acetylated histone H3 lysine 56 (H3K56ac) as its novel substrate, in addition to known substrates acetylated H4K16 and H3K9. Further, we showed in response to DNA damage SIRT3 localizes to the repair foci colocalizing with γH2AX and nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) marker p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1)...
November 8, 2017: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133298/functional-redundancy-of-variant-and-canonical-histone-h3-lysine-9-modification-in-drosophila
#7
Taylor J R Penke, Daniel J McKay, Brian D Strahl, A Gregory Matera, Robert J Duronio
Histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) and differential incorporation of variant and canonical histones into chromatin are central modes of epigenetic regulation. Despite similar protein sequences, histone variants are enriched for different suites of PTMs compared to their canonical counterparts. For example, variant histone H3.3 occurs primarily in transcribed regions and is enriched for "active" histone PTMs like Lys9 acetylation (H3.3K9ac), whereas the canonical histone H3 is enriched for Lys9 methylation (H3K9me), which is found in transcriptionally silent heterochromatin...
November 13, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126418/an-image-cytometric-technique-is-a-concise-method-to-detect-adenoviruses-and-host-cell-proteins-and-to-monitor-the-infection-and-cellular-responses-induced
#8
Takao Morinaga, Thảo Thi Thanh Nguyễn, Boya Zhong, Michiko Hanazono, Masato Shingyoji, Ikuo Sekine, Yuji Tada, Koichiro Tatsumi, Hideaki Shimada, Kenzo Hiroshima, Masatoshi Tagawa
BACKGROUND: Genetically modified adenoviruses (Ad) with preferential replications in tumor cells have been examined for a possible clinical applicability as an anti-cancer agent. A simple method to detect viral and cellular proteins is valuable to monitor the viral infections and to predict the Ad-mediated cytotoxicity. METHODS: We used type 5 Ad in which the expression of E1A gene was activated by 5'-regulatory sequences of genes that were augmented in the expression in human tumors...
November 10, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113455/hdac1-governs-iron-homeostasis-independent-of-histone-deacetylation-in-iron-overload-murine-models
#9
Xiangju Yin, Qian Wu, Jitender Monga, Enjun Xie, Hao Wang, Shufen Wang, Huizhen Zhang, Zhan-You Wang, Tianhua Zhou, Yunjun Shi, Jack Rogers, Hening Lin, Junxia Min, Fudi Wang
AIMS: Iron overload disorders are common and could lead to significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Due to limited treatment options, there is a great need to develop novel strategies to remove the excess body iron. To discover potential epigenetic modulator in hepcidin upregulation and subsequently decreasing iron burden, we performed an epigenetic screen. The in vivo effects of the identified compounds were further tested in iron-overload mouse models, including Hfe-/-, Hjv-/- and hepatocyte-specific Smad4 knockout (Smad4fl/fl;Alb-Cre+) mice...
November 7, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113264/cancer-cell-expressed-b7-h3-regulates-the-differentiation-of-tumor-associated-macrophages-in-human-colorectal-carcinoma
#10
Yong Mao, Lujun Chen, Fengming Wang, Dawei Zhu, Xiaosong Ge, Dong Hua, Jing Sun
Co-stimulatory molecule B7 homolog 3 protein (B7-H3) has been described as an important tumor antigen in various human tumors. The exact role of B7-H3 in tumor progression and its receptor are still ambiguous. The phenotype and the function of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in human solid tumors are complicated and could contribute to the shaping of the tumor microenvironment. In the present study, B7-H3 expression and lymphocyte infiltration were investigated by immunohistochemistry in 117 colorectal carcinoma (CRC) patients...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113254/epigenetic-analysis-of-fhl1-tumor-suppressor-gene-in-human-liver-cancer
#11
Jun Wang, Fang Huang, Jian Huang, Jindan Kong, Shenglan Liu, Jun Jin
Liver cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among human malignancies. Four and a half LIM domains 1 (FHL1), as a tumor suppressor gene, is frequently downregulated in multiple types of human cancer. However, the role and specific mechanisms of FHL1 as a tumor suppressor in liver cancer are poorly understood. The present study aimed to investigate the role and associated mechanisms of FHL1 in human liver cancer. The level of FHL1 mRNA in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissue specimens and cell lines derived from the human liver was determined using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108308/a-phase-2-study-of-the-first-imipridone-onc201-a-selective-drd2-antagonist-for-oncology-administered-every-three-weeks-in-recurrent-glioblastoma
#12
Isabel Arrillaga-Romany, Andrew S Chi, Joshua E Allen, Wolfgang Oster, Patrick Y Wen, Tracy T Batchelor
ONC201 is an oral, small molecule selective antagonist of the G protein-coupled receptor DRD2 that causes p53-independent apoptosis in tumor cells via integrated stress response activation and Akt/ERK inactivation. We performed a Phase II study that enrolled 17 patients with recurrent, bevacizumab-naïve, IDH1/2 WT glioblastoma who received 625mg ONC201 every three weeks. Median OS was 41.6 weeks with OS6 of 71% and OS9 of 53%. Seven of 17 patients are alive. PFS6 was 11.8% with two patients remaining on study who continue to receive ONC201 for >12 months...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108280/trimethylation-of-h3k27-during-human-cerebellar-development-in-relation-to-medulloblastoma
#13
Shahryar E Mir, Michiel Smits, Dennis Biesmans, Machteld Julsing, Marianna Bugiani, Eleonora Aronica, Gertjan J L Kaspers, Jacqueline Cloos, Thomas Würdinger, Esther Hulleman
Medulloblastoma (MB), the most common malignant childhood brain tumor, encompasses a collection of four clinically and molecularly distinct tumor subgroups, i.e. WNT, SHH, Group 3 and Group 4. These tumors are believed to originate from precursor cells during cerebellar development. Although the exact etiology of these brain tumors is not yet known, histone modifications are increasingly recognized as key events during cerebellum development and MB tumorigenesis. Recent studies show that key components involved in post-translational modifications of histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27) are commonly deregulated in MB...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108192/-protective-effect-of-the-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-acy1215-against-brain-edema-in-mice-with-acute-liver-failure
#14
F Z Jiao, H Y Zhang, F Yang, L W Wang, Z J Gong
Objective: To investigate the protective effect of ACY1215 (Rocilinostat), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, against brain edema in mice with acute liver failure. Methods: Lipopolysaccharide combined with D-galactosamine was used to establish a mouse model of acute liver failure, and ACY1215 was used for intervention. The effect of ACY1215 on histopathological changes of the liver was observed after 24 hours, as well as the changes in alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), blood ammonia, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), brain water content, blood-brain barrier structure, NF-κB-p65, histone, acetylated histone, and TNF-α mRNA in brain tissue...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108067/rapid-communication-the-correlation-between-histone-modifications-and-expression-of-key-genes-involved-in-accumulation-of-adipose-tissue-in-the-pig
#15
B Kociucka, J Stachecka, M Szydlowski, I Szczerbal
Histone modification is a well-known epigenetic mechanism involved in regulation of gene expression; however, it has been poorly studied in adipose tissues of the pig. Understanding the molecular background of adipose tissue development and function is essential for improving production efficiency and meat quality. The objective of this study was to identify the association between histone modification and the transcript level of genes important for lipid droplet formation and metabolism. Histone modifications at the promoter regions of 6 genes (, , , , , and ) were analyzed using a chromatin immunoprecipitation assay...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107533/h3-3-k27m-cooperates-with-trp53-loss-and-pdgfra-gain-in-mouse-embryonic-neural-progenitor-cells-to-induce-invasive-high-grade-gliomas
#16
Manav Pathania, Nicolas De Jay, Nicola Maestro, Ashot S Harutyunyan, Justyna Nitarska, Pirasteh Pahlavan, Stephen Henderson, Leonie G Mikael, Angela Richard-Londt, Ying Zhang, Joana R Costa, Steven Hébert, Sima Khazaei, Nisreen Samir Ibrahim, Javier Herrero, Antonella Riccio, Steffen Albrecht, Robin Ketteler, Sebastian Brandner, Claudia L Kleinman, Nada Jabado, Paolo Salomoni
Gain-of-function mutations in histone 3 (H3) variants are found in a substantial proportion of pediatric high-grade gliomas (pHGG), often in association with TP53 loss and platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) amplification. Here, we describe a somatic mouse model wherein H3.3(K27M) and Trp53 loss alone are sufficient for neoplastic transformation if introduced in utero. H3.3(K27M)-driven lesions are clonal, H3K27me3 depleted, Olig2 positive, highly proliferative, and diffusely spreading, thus recapitulating hallmark molecular and histopathological features of pHGG...
November 13, 2017: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106658/investigating-the-generalizability-of-the-multiflow%C3%A2-dna-damage-assay-and-several-companion-machine-learning-models-with-a-set-of-103-diverse-test-chemicals
#17
Steven M Bryce, Derek T Bernacki, Stephanie L Smith-Roe, Kristine L Witt, Jeffrey C Bemis, Stephen D Dertinger
The in vitro MultiFlow® DNA Damage assay multiplexes p53, γH2AX, phospho-histone H3, and polyploidization biomarkers into one flow cytometric analysis (Bryce et al., 2016). The work reported herein evaluated the generalizability of the method, as well as several data analytics strategies, to a range of chemical classes not studied previously. TK6 cells were exposed to each of 103 diverse chemicals, 86 of which were supplied by the National Toxicology Program (NTP) and selected based upon responses in genetic damage assays conducted under the Tox21 program...
November 2, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106411/extrachromosomal-telomere-repeat-dna-is-linked-to-alt-development-via-cgas-sting-dna-sensing-pathway
#18
Yi-An Chen, Yi-Ling Shen, Hsuan-Yu Hsia, Yee-Peng Tiang, Tzu-Ling Sung, Liuh-Yow Chen
Extrachromosomal telomere repeat (ECTR) DNA is unique to cancer cells that maintain telomeres through the alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) pathway, but the role of ECTRs in ALT development remains elusive. We found that induction of ECTRs in normal human fibroblasts activated the cGAS-STING-TBK1-IRF3 signaling axis to trigger IFNβ production and a type I interferon response, resulting in cell-proliferation defects. In contrast, ALT cancer cells are commonly defective in sensing cytosolic DNA. We found that STING expression was inhibited in ALT cancer cell lines and transformed ALT cells...
November 6, 2017: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104538/chronic-treatment-with-fluoxetine-induces-sex-dependent-analgesic-effects-and-modulates-hdac2-and-mglu2-expression-in-female-mice
#19
Magda Zammataro, Sara Merlo, Massimo Barresi, Carmela Parenti, Huijuan Hu, Maria A Sortino, Santina Chiechio
Gender and sex differences in pain recognition and drug responses have been reported in clinical trials and experimental models of pain. Among antidepressants, contradictory results have been observed in patients treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). This study evaluated sex differences in response to the SSRI fluoxetine after chronic administration in the mouse formalin test. Adult male and female CD1 mice were intraperitoneally injected with fluoxetine (10 mg/kg) for 21 days and subjected to pain assessment...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103100/surface-and-adsorptive-properties-of-moringa-oleifera-bark-for-removal-of-v-v-from-aqueous-solutions
#20
Robert Londi Mnisi, Peter Papoh Ndibewu
The bark of Moringa oleifera, a cheap and readily available natural biopolymeric resource material, found to significantly reduce coliform load and turbidity in contaminated water is investigated in this paper. Its surface and adsorptive properties are investigated to explore its adsorptive potential in removing V(V) from aqueous solutions. Surface properties were investigated using FTIR, HRSEM/EDS, IC, and BET-N2 adsorption techniques. Adsorptive properties were investigated by optimizing adsorption parameters such as pH, temperature, initial metal concentration, and adsorbent dosage, using V(V) as an adsorbate...
November 4, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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