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Heamatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652017/effect-of-different-levels-of-lepidium-sativum-l-on-growth-performance-carcass-characteristics-hematology-and-serum-biochemical-parameters-of-broilers
#1
Kassa Shawle, Mengistu Urge, Getachew Animut
BACKGROUND: Frequent use of antibiotics to stimulate growth and health of animals leads to the development of antibiotic-resistant populations of microorganisms. In this context, alternatives like herbs and spices to antibiotics are of importance, as they are natural products. Therefore, the present experiment was designed to evaluate the performance, carcass traits, hematology and serum biochemical parameters of broilers fed ration containing varying levels of Lepidium satvium (Garden cress) seed powder as feed additive up to the age of 42 days...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042478/biliary-cystadenoma-a-case-report
#2
Johnsy Merla Joel, Suresh Durai Jeyasingh, Shantaraman Kalyanaraman
Biliary cystadenoma is a rare cystic neoplasms of liver that usually occurs in middle-aged women characterized by multiloculated cysts with internal septae and mural nodules. Unilocular biliary cystadenomas are rare and are difficult to differentiate from other cysts by radiology. Biliary cystadenomas are slow growing benign lesions that are easily resectable with a reported recurrence rate of 90% when the resection is incomplete. We present a case of 65-year-old male with unilocular biliary cystadenoma with mesenchymal stroma who presented with abdominal pain and distension...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26245328/physiological-and-condition-related-traits-in-the-gynogenetic-sexual-carassius-auratus-complex-different-investments-promoting-the-coexistence-of-two-reproductive-forms
#3
Andrea Šimková, Pavel Hyršl, Karel Halačka, Lukáš Vetešník
BACKGROUND: Carassius auratus complex is an extraordinary species complex including the diploid and polyploid forms exhibiting asexual and sexual reproduction modes. The coexistence of both forms in the same habitats is currently reported. The stable coexistence of asexual and sexual forms assumes some disadvantages for asexuals that balance the costs of sex. In our study, we hypothesized and tested the differences in physiological (including heamatological and immunological), growth-related, condition-related, and fitness-related traits between gynogenetic females and sexuals...
2015: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25339853/dietary-iron-intervention-using-a-staple-food-product-for-improvement-of-iron-status-in-female-runners
#4
Ieva Alaunyte, Valentina Stojceska, Andrew Plunkett, Emma Derbyshire
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrient intake is critically important for achieving optimal sports performance. Like all athletes, female runners require a nutritionally balanced diet to maintain daily activities and a successful training regime. This study investigates the effects of cereal product based dietary iron intervention on iron status of recreational female runners (n = 11; 32 ± 7yr; 239 ± 153 minutes exercise/week, of which 161 ± 150 minutes running activity/week; VO2max 38 ± 4 ml/kg/min)...
2014: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24940320/synergistic-effect-of-aqueous-extract-of-telfaria-occidentalis-on-the-biological-activities-of-artesunate-in-plasmodium-berghei-infected-mice
#5
O M Adegbolagun, B O Emikpe, I O Woranola, Y Ogunremi
BACKGROUND: Resistance to most antimalarial drugs has encouraged the use of herbal preparations along with prescribed orthodox drugs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate effect of co-administration of aqueous extract of T. occidentalis leaves; commonly used as antimalarial and haematinic agent in Nigeria and artesunate using P. berghei animal model. METHODS: In vivo curative antiplasmodial effect of T. occidentalis (200mg/kg) alone and combination with artesunate (2mg/kg) were evaluated using albino mice infected with 10(6) parasitized erythrocytes of P...
December 2013: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24431717/titanium-dioxide-as-an-osteoconductive-material-an-animal-study
#6
Karunakaran Harshakumar, K Chandrasekharan Nair, N George Paulose, Vivek V Nair, V Prasanth, Aswathi Krishnan
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the biocompatibility and osteoconductive potential of pure and pigment forms of titanium dioxide. Pure and pigment forms of titanium dioxide were incorporated into prepared bur holes in the femur bone of rabbits. Implantation was done on six Albino rabbits which were sacrificed at the end of 3rd, 4th and 5th months after implantation. Radiographic, histologic and scanning electron microscopic evaluations of the implanted sites were performed. Heamatologic and soft tissue response to these materials were also evaluated...
June 2013: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23310940/serum-biochemistry-and-heamatological-changes-associated-with-graded-doses-of-experimental-arcobacter-infection-in-rats
#7
Y O Adesiji, E Seibu, B O Emikpe, B T Moriyonu, J K Oloke, A O Coker
UNLABELLED: BACKGROUND; Arcobacters have unusually wide range of habitats, and some species can be human and animal pathogens OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the haematological and biochemical changes associated with experimental Arcobacter infection in adult albino rat. METHODS: The pathogenicity of Arcobacterbutzleri and A.cryerophilus, isolated from the caecal content of healthy chicken and confirmed by multiplex PCR was tested in albino rats (Rattusnovegicus)...
July 2012: West African Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23272441/audit-of-splenectomy-at-jinnah-postgraduate-medical-centre-karachi
#8
Mohammad Shahzad Arshed, Shamim Qureshi, Asghar Channa, Mumtaz Maher
OBJECTIVE: Splenectomy is often performed in patients with heamatalogical diseases or trauma who are at high risk of complications. Our aim is to perform an audit on splenectomy in order to determine the reasons for the operation, its complication and compliance with the recent recommendations for post-splenectomy patients at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre. DESIGN: It is a Descriptive study conducted in surgical ward 2 at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre from June 2003 to June 2008...
July 2011: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22825296/-in-process-citation
#9
Paolo Chiari, Marco Poli, Claudia Magli, Emanuele Bascelli, Roberto Rocchi, Silvia Bolognini, Piero Tartari, Roberta Armuzzi, Gianna Rossi, Angela Peghetti, Catia Biavati, Mirella Fontana, Domenica Gazineo, Simona Cordella, Emanuela Tiozzo, Gaetano Ciliento, Giovanna Carta, Patrizia Taddia
. Multicenter prospective cohort study, to validate the Italian version of the Braden Q scale for the risk of pressure sores in newborns and up to 8 years old children. Introduction. Children admitted to Intensive care Units (ICU), oncology and neurology/neurosurgery wards are at risk of developing pressure sores. Aim. To validate the Italian version of the Braden Q scale for the assessment of the risk of developing pressure sores in children. Methods. Children from 21 days to 8 years, admitted to intensive and sub intensive units were recruited...
April 2012: Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca: AIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21902066/phytochemistry-and-heamatological-potential-of-ethanol-seed-leaf-and-pulp-extracts-of-carica-papaya-linn
#10
E V Ikpeme, U B Ekaluo, M E Kooffreh, O Udensi
This study was aimed at qualitative evaluation of the ethanol seed, leaf and pulp extracts of C. papaya for bioactive compounds and also to investigate their effect on the haematology in male albino rats. A 3 x 4 factorial experimental layout using randomized complete design was adopted. Results show that the phytochemicals found in seed, leaf and pulp were almost the same but however, in varying proportions. Present result also revealed that there were significant effects (p < 0.05) of the extracts on the heamatology of the treated rats, which was blamed on the varying and different variants ofbioactive compounds found in the extracts they were administered with...
March 15, 2011: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21787642/anti-allergic-effects-and-mechanisms-of-action-of-the-ethanolic-extract-of-angelica-gigas-in-dinitrofluorobenzene-induced-inflammation-models
#11
Seong Soo Joo, Dongsun Park, Sunhee Shin, Jeong Hee Jeon, Tae Kyun Kim, Young Jin Choi, Sun Hee Lee, Jeong Seon Kim, Sung Kyeong Park, Bang Yeon Hwang, Do Ik Lee, Yun-Bae Kim
To confirm the anti-allergic effects of the ethanolic extract of Angelica gigas (EAG), the levels of ear erythema, ear weight, vascular leakage, heamatology, tumor-necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6 and immunoglobulin E from mice sensitized with 2,4-dinitroflurorobenzene were examined. The results showed that EAG reduced ear erythema and ear weight; we also found that Evan's blue leakage decreased. Furthermore, the levels of interleukin-6 and immunoglobulin E in the serum were significantly inhibited. In RAW264...
September 2010: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21452117/-invasive-candidiasis-in-selected-heamatology-departments-in-the-czech-republic-and-slovakia-microbiological-results-of-the-can-cell-project
#12
I Kocmanová, L Drgoňa, Z Ráčil, V Chrenková, P Olišarová, N Mallátová, J Haber, M Lisolová, E Bendová, R Dobiáš, S Dobiášová
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to analyze the spectrum and characteristic of invasive candidiasis in selected haematological departments in the Czech and Slovak Republics, and to compare minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of some antifungal agents for isolates obtained. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 1 March 2009 and 31 October 2010, Candida strains from clinically important material obtained from patients with haematological malignancies were collected...
February 2011: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21085099/comprehensive-cost-effective-laboratory-monitoring-of-hiv-aids-an-african-role-model
#13
Denise Lawrie, George Janossy, Maarten Roos, Deborah K Glencross
We present the video about assisting anti-retroviral therapy (ART) by an apt laboratory service - representing a South-African role model for economical large scale diagnostic testing. In the low-income countries inexpensive ART has transformed the prospects for the survival of HIV seropositive patients but there are doubts whether there is a need for the laboratory monitoring of ART and at what costs - in situations when the overall quality of pathology services can still be very low. The appropriate answer is to establish economically sound services with better coordination and stricter internal quality assessment than seen in western countries...
2010: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20606781/the-effect-of-aqueous-extracts-of-hibiscus-sabdariffa-sorrel-calyces-on-heamatological-profile-and-organ-pathological-changes-in-trypanasoma-congolense-infected-rats
#14
Ismaila A Umar, Nelson G Maryoms, Emmanuel Daikwo, Abubakar Gidado, Lawan B Buratai, Ikechukwu O Igbokwe, Mohammed A Ibrahim
The effects of aqueous extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa calyces on haematology and pathological changes in some selected organs during experimental Trypanosoma congolense infection of rats were investigated. Three groups of rats were intraperitoneally infected with T. congolense (Karu stock). One group was administered with the aqueous extract and another given a solution of vitamin C in drinking water; the remaining infected group was left untreated. Data from these groups were compared with those of two groups of healthy rats, one of which was similarly treated with the aqueous extract...
July 3, 2009: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20416068/comparison-of-haematological-parameters-determined-by-the-sysmex-kx-2in-automated-haematology-analyzer-and-the-manual-counts
#15
Samuel O Ike, Thomas Nubila, Ernest O Ukaejiofo, Imelda N Nubila, Elvis N Shu, Ifeyinwa Ezema
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine the correlation between heamatological parameters by Sysmex KX-21N automated hematology analyzer with the manual methods. METHOD: Sixty (60) subjects were randomly selected from both apparently healthy subjects and those who have different blood disorders from the University of Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria. Three (3)mls of venous blood sample was collected aseptically from each subject into tri-potassium ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (K3EDTA) for the analysis of haematological parameters using the automated and the manual methods...
2010: BMC Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19690548/a-randomised-phase-iii-trial-comparing-gemcitabine-with-surgery-only-in-patients-with-resected-pancreatic-cancer-japanese-study-group-of-adjuvant-therapy-for-pancreatic-cancer
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
H Ueno, T Kosuge, Y Matsuyama, J Yamamoto, A Nakao, S Egawa, R Doi, M Monden, T Hatori, M Tanaka, M Shimada, K Kanemitsu
BACKGROUND: This multicentre randomised phase III trial was designed to determine whether adjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine improves the outcomes of patients with resected pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Eligibility criteria included macroscopically curative resection of invasive ductal carcinoma of the pancreas and no earlier radiation or chemotherapy. Patients were randomly assigned at a 1 : 1 ratio to either the gemcitabine group or the surgery-only group. Patients assigned to the gemcitabine group received gemcitabine at a dose of 1000 mg m(-2) over 30 min on days 1, 8 and 15, every 4 weeks for 3 cycles...
September 15, 2009: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19689244/tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-a-review-on-pharmacology-metabolism-and-side-effects
#17
REVIEW
Jörg Thomas Hartmann, Michael Haap, Hans-Georg Kopp, Hans-Peter Lipp
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) are effective in the targeted treatment of various malignancies. Imatinib was the first to be introduced into clinical oncology, and it was followed by drugs such as gefitinib, erlotinib, sorafenib, sunitinib, and dasatinib. Although they share the same mechanism of action, namely competitive ATP inhibition at the catalytic binding site of tyrosine kinase, they differ from each other in the spectrum of targeted kinases, their pharmacokinetics as well as substance-specific adverse effects...
June 2009: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19469399/low-bone-mass-due-to-sickle-cell-anemia-is-it-becoming-a-real-issue
#18
M Sadat-Ali, A H Al-Elq, O Sultan, H Al-Turki, R Bukhari, E Al-Mulhim
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sickle cell anemia in Saudi population was reported to be between 0-5.27%. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in patients with sickle cell anemia and to correlate its severity with the hematological parameters. METHODS: A cross-sectional study which included consecutive adult patients with sickle cell anemia attending the outpatient clinics or were admitted with uncomplicated vaso-occlusive crisis to King Fahd University Hospital, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia, between August 2006 and March 2007 was undertaken...
October 2008: West African Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18831385/impact-of-copper-on-haematological-profile-of-freshwater-fish-channa-punctatus
#19
Dharam Singh, Kamlesh Nath, S P Trivedi, Y K Sharma
The present study was to evaluate heavy metal toxicity stress symptoms in fish blood during long-term exposure of sublethal concentration of copper sulphate (CuSO4). The effects of copper on various heamatological parameters were evaluated exposing Indian fresh water fish, Channa punctatus to a sub-lethal concentration of copper sulphate (0.36 mg l(-1)) for different periods. Exposure of fish to copper showed a significant decrease in the haemoglobin (Hb) content from 10.73 to 6.60%, red blood cells (RBC) from 2...
March 2008: Journal of Environmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16572842/-acute-toxicity-and-immunoprotection-of-recombinant-apxi-toxin-of-actinobacillus-pleuropneumoniae-in-mice
#20
Ke-Xia Yan, Jian-Jie Liu, Rui Zhou, Bin Wu, Wei-Hong Liu, Huan-Chun Chen
Acute toxicity and immunoprotection of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (APP) ApxI toxin recombinant proteins (include crude inclusion bodies and refolded recombinant protein) were evaluated in mice, and compared with the natural ApxI extracted from culture supernatant of APP serotype 10. In the acute toxicity experiment, the three proteins were intraperitoneally injected into Kunming mice in a dose of 200microg per mouse. The body and organ weight, heamatological and biochemical indexes were examined at 24h, 7 days and 14 days post administration...
January 2006: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
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