keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Evidence based practics pediatrics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911597/evidence-based-psychosocial-treatments-for-pediatric-elimination-disorders
#1
Jaclyn A Shepard, Joseph E Poler, Jesse H Grabman
Pediatric elimination disorders are common in childhood, yet psychosocial correlates are generally unclear. Given the physiological concomitants of both enuresis and encopresis, and the fact that many children with elimination disorders are initially brought to their primary care physician for treatment, medical evaluation and management are crucial and may serve as the first-line treatment approach. Scientific investigation on psychological and behavioral interventions has progressed over the past couple of decades, resulting in the identification of effective treatments for enuresis and encopresis...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910751/recent-advances-in-pharmacotherapeutic-paradigm-of-mild-to-recalcitrant-atopic-dermatitis
#2
Zahid Hussain, Shariza Sahudin, Hnin Ei Thu, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Endang Kumolosasi
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic skin inflammatory disorder characterized by perivascular infiltration of immunoglobulin E (IgE), T lymphocytes, and mast cells. The key factors responsible for the pathophysiology of this disease are immunological disorders and defects in epidermal barrier properties. Pruritus, intense itching, psychological stress, deprived physical and mental performance, and sleep disturbance are the hallmark features of this dermatological disorder. Preventive interventions such as educational programs, avoidance of allergens, and exclusive care toward the skin could play a partial role in suppressing the symptoms...
2016: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907271/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis-management-and-treatment-in-the-dsm-5-era
#3
Joel L Young, David W Goodman
Objective: To increase awareness of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the primary care community and to provide guidance for the management of this condition. Despite its increasing prevalence, adult ADHD largely remains underdiagnosed and inappropriately treated in the United States. The publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), has provided more clear diagnostic criteria for adult ADHD, but a solid framework supporting the transition of ADHD management from pediatric to adult primary care is lacking...
November 17, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895813/cow-s-milk-allergy-towards-an-update-of-dracma-guidelines
#4
REVIEW
Alessandro Fiocchi, Lamia Dahda, Christophe Dupont, Cristina Campoy, Vincenzo Fierro, Antonio Nieto
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the diagnosis and treatment of IgE-mediated CMA were systematized in a GRADE guideline. OBJECTIVES & METHODS: After 6 years, the state of the knowledge in diagnosis and treatment of CMA has largely evolved. We summarize here the main advances, and exemplify indicating some specific points: studies aimed at better knowledge of the effects of breastfeeding and the production of new special formulae intended for the treatment of CMA. The literature (PubMed/MEDLINE) was searched using the following algorithms: (1) [milk allergy] AND diagnosis; (2) [milk allergy] AND [formul*] OR [breast*], setting the search engine [6-years] time and [human] limits...
2016: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888411/to-screen-or-not-to-screen-for-vesicoureteral-reflux-in-children-with-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Marcus Weitz, Maria Schmidt
: Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) and vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) are the most common uropathies. The co-occurrence of both anomalies has led to the practice of screening for VUR in children with UPJO to prevent deterioration of kidney function due to renal scarring following urinary tract infections (UTIs). We determined the prevalence of VUR in children with UPJO for a critical assessment of VUR screening by voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). A systematic search strategy in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL was carried out for all articles that included VCUG, and renal scintigraphy or any other appropriate imaging technique for the diagnosis of UPJO...
November 25, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887664/translating-sickle-cell-guidelines-into-practice-for-primary-care-providers-with-project-echo
#6
Lisa M Shook, Christina B Farrell, Karen A Kalinyak, Stephen C Nelson, Brandon M Hardesty, Angeli G Rampersad, Kay L Saving, Wanda J Whitten-Shurney, Julie A Panepinto, Russell E Ware, Lori E Crosby
BACKGROUND: Approximately 100,000 persons with sickle cell disease (SCD) live in the United States, including 15,000 in the Midwest. Unfortunately, many patients experience poor health outcomes due to limited access to primary care providers (PCPs) who are prepared to deliver evidence-based SCD care. Sickle Treatment and Outcomes Research in the Midwest (STORM) is a regional network established to improve care and outcomes for individuals with SCD living in Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885978/factors-affecting-daily-cochlear-implant-use-in-children-datalogging-evidence
#7
Vijayalakshmi Easwar, Joseph Sanfilippo, Blake Papsin, Karen Gordon
BACKGROUND: Children with profound hearing loss can gain access to sound through cochlear implants (CIs), but these devices must be worn consistently to promote auditory development. Although subjective parent reports have identified several factors limiting long-term CI use in children, it is also important to understand the day-to-day issues which may preclude consistent device use. In the present study, objective measures gathered through datalogging software were used to quantify the following in children: (1) number of hours of CI use per day, (2) practical concerns including repeated disconnections between the external transmission coil and the internal device (termed "coil-offs"), and (3) listening environments experienced during daily use...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872179/anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-a-survey-of-treatment-progress-and-prospects-from-pediatric-neurologists
#8
Ilana Kahn, Guy Helman, Adeline Vanderver, Elizabeth Wells
Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis has been shown to be a treatable form of autoimmune encephalitis, but there remains no standardized approach to immunotherapy. We designed an anonymous survey sent to members of the Child Neurology Society to identify the current practices among child neurologists. A total of 151 pediatric neurologists responded to the survey. With these responses we were able to highlight areas of practice uniformity, including first-line treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin and intravenous methylprednisone and initiation of disease-modifying therapy with rituximab alone...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868435/a-touchy-topic-tactile-assessment-among-pediatric-therapists
#9
Megan Louise Auld, Leanne Marie Johnston
PURPOSE: Tactile impairments affect over 77% of children with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). This study aimed to examine the current practices of pediatric therapists in relation to tactile assessment and the barriers to carrying out tactile assessment in children with CP. METHOD: The study was in two parts. In part one, pediatric therapists (n = 35) completed a questionnaire detailing their current knowledge and the use of tactile assessments in children. In part two, therapists (n = 12) completed a questionnaire based on the Theoretical Domains Framework examining the barriers and facilitators to completing tactile assessments in clinical practice...
November 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864566/using-practice-based-evidence-to-improve-supportive-care-practices-to-reduce-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-a-pediatric-oncology-unit
#10
Lauri A Linder, Cheryl Gerdy, Rouett Abouzelof, Andrew Wilson
Children with cancer are a subset of patients with central lines with distinct risk factors for infection including periods of prolonged neutropenia and compromised mucous membrane integrity. This article relates the implementation of principles of practice-based evidence to identify interventions in addition to best practice maintenance care bundles to reduce central line-associated bloodstream infections involving viridans group streptococci and coagulase-negative staphylococci on an inpatient pediatric oncology unit...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846065/an-evidence-based-approach-to-training-pediatric-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-trainers
#11
Catharine M Walsh, John T Anderson, Douglas S Fishman
Endoscopy training has evolved in recent years from the traditional model of "learning by doing" to the current skillful application of evidence-based educational principles. Endoscopy training should ideally be provided by individuals with the requisite skills and behaviors to teach endoscopy effectively and efficiently, including an awareness of principles of adult education, best practices in procedural skills education and appropriate use of beneficial educational strategies such as feedback. The aim of this article is to outline principles that underlie successful endoscopy training and describe the "Preparation - Training - Wrap-up" framework that can be used by pediatric endoscopy trainers to help guide an effective endoscopy training session...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830247/computerized-clinical-decision-support-contributions-from-2015
#12
V Koutkias, J Bouaud
OBJECTIVE: To summarize recent research and select the best papers published in 2015 in the field of computerized clinical decision support for the Decision Support section of the IMIA yearbook. METHOD: A literature review was performed by searching two bibliographic databases for papers related to clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) and computerized provider order entry (CPOE) systems. The aim was to identify a list of candidate best papers from the retrieved papers that were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829652/pediatric-gastroenterology-in-cuba-evolution-and-challenges
#13
Carlos Castañeda-Guillot
INTRODUCTION The professional practice of pediatric gastroenterology arose in Cuba as an expression of the specialty's development internationally and Cuba's new strategies in public health, and in response to national needs for health care expertise in digestive diseases of infants, older children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES Describe the history of pediatric gastroenterology's development in Cuba since its inception at the National Gastroenterology Institute in the early 1970s, its contributions, and efforts to extend it to pediatric hospitals throughout Cuba...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823773/surgical-management-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-gerd-in-children-a-systematic-review
#14
Tim Jancelewicz, Monica E Lopez, Cynthia D Downard, Saleem Islam, Robert Baird, Shawn J Rangel, Regan F Williams, Meghan A Arnold, Dave Lal, Elizabeth Renaud, Julia Grabowski, Roshni Dasgupta, Mary Austin, Julia Shelton, Danielle Cameron, Adam B Goldin
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this systematic review by the American Pediatric Surgical Association Outcomes and Evidence-Based Practice Committee was to derive recommendations from the medical literature regarding the surgical treatment of pediatric gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: Five questions were addressed by searching the MEDLINE, Cochrane, Embase, Central, and National Guideline Clearinghouse databases using relevant search terms. Consensus recommendations were derived for each question based on the best available evidence...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818085/school-based-sleep-education-programs-a-knowledge-to-action-perspective-regarding-barriers-proposed-solutions-and-future-directions
#15
REVIEW
Reut Gruber
Sleep is associated with an array of physical and mental health outcomes that are essential for healthy adjustment in children. Unfortunately, transfer of this knowledge into action has been slow and largely ineffective. There are only 15 published school-based sleep health promotion programs, and findings are mixed in terms of their impact on sleep behavior, knowledge and health outcomes. This paper applies a knowledge-to-action (KTA) framework to assess the strengths and weaknesses of such programs and to identify strategies that can be used to enhance the translation of empirical evidence in pediatric sleep to effective action...
October 11, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815834/preventing-emergence-agitation-using-ancillary-drugs-with-sevoflurane-for-pediatric-anesthesia-a-network-meta-analysis
#16
Xin Wang, Qi Deng, Bin Liu, Xiangdi Yu
Using sevoflurane for pediatric anesthesia plays a pivotal role in surgeries. Emergence agitation (EA) is a major adverse event accompanied with pediatric anesthesia. Other anesthetic adjuvants can be combined with sevoflurane in clinical practices for different purposes. However, it is uncertain that such a practice may have substantial influence on the risk of EA. We conducted a literature search in online databases, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Clinical Trials. Key data were extracted from eligible randomized control trials (RCTs)...
November 4, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814333/best-clinical-practice-and-evidence-based-assessment-in-pediatric-ventilation-support
#17
Giuseppe A Marraro, Rongrong Yu, Yaqin Liang, Umberto Genovese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813670/results-from-a-pragmatic-prospective-cohort-study-shared-decision-making-improves-outcomes-for-children-with-asthma
#18
Hazel Tapp, Lindsay Shade, Rohan Mahabaleshwarkar, Yhenneko J Taylor, Thomas Ludden, Michael F Dulin
OBJECTIVE: Patient/provider shared decision making (SDM) improves asthma control in a pragmatic clinical trial setting. This study evaluated the impact of an evidence-based SDM toolkit on outcomes for patients with asthma implemented by providers in a real world setting. We hypothesized that these patients with asthma would demonstrate improved outcomes such as reduced emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and oral steroid use in the 12 months following a SDM visit compared to those who did not receive the intervention...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812509/type-1-diabetes-addressing-the-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-oriented-health-care
#19
Maureen Monaghan, Katherine Baumann
Adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes are at risk for poor health outcomes, including poor glycemic control, acute and chronic complications, and emergency department admissions. During this developmental period, adolescent and young adult patients also experience significant changes in living situation, education, and/or health care delivery, including transferring from pediatric to adult health care. In recent years, professional and advocacy organizations have proposed expert guidelines to improve the process of preparation for and transition to adult-oriented health care...
2016: Research and Reports in Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801973/scai-ccas-spa-expert-consensus-statement-for-anesthesia-and-sedation-practice-recommendations-for-patients-undergoing-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-procedures-in-the-pediatric-and-congenital-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory
#20
Kirsten C Odegard, Robert Vincent, Rahul Baijal, SuAnne Daves, Robert Gray, Alex Javois, Barry Love, Phil Moore, David Nykanen, Lori Riegger, Scott G Walker, Elizabeth C Wilson
Current practice of sedation and anesthesia for patients undergoing pediatric congenital cardiac catheterization laboratory (PCCCL) procedures is known to vary among institutions, a multi-society expert panel with representatives from the Congenital Heart Disease Council of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI), the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia (SPA) and the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society (CCAS) was convened to evaluate the types of sedation and personnel necessary for procedures performed in the PCCCL...
November 1, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
keyword
keyword
19079
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"