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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669785/-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-ppe18-protein-reduces-inflammation-and-increases-survival-in-animal-model-of-sepsis
#1
Asma Ahmed, Komal Dolasia, Sangita Mukhopadhyay
Mycobacterium tuberculosis PPE18 is a member of the PPE family. Previous studies have shown that recombinant PPE18 (rPPE18) protein binds to TLR2 and triggers a signaling cascade which reduces levels of TNF-α and IL-12, and increases IL-10 in macrophages. Because TNF-α is a major mediator of the pathophysiology of sepsis and blocking inflammation is a possible line of therapy in such circumstances, we tested the efficacy of rPPE18 in reducing symptoms of sepsis in a mouse model of Escherichia coli- induced septic peritonitis...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668129/-tuberculosis-in-the-era-of-anti-tnf-alpha-therapy-why-does-the-risk-still-exist
#2
John-Leonardo Torres-Castiblanco, Jorge Alberto Carrillo, Daniel Hincapié-Urrego, Adriana Rojas-Villarraga
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune systemic disease characterized mainly by inflammatory compromise of diarthrodial joints. Multiple drug therapies have been developed to control the activity of rheumatoid arthritis, among them, the first line of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD), and novel drug therapies such as the anti-TNF alpha therapy, with satisfactory clinical outcomes.Despite this positive fact, the use of this therapy implies the risk of producing negative effects due to its mechanism of action, which has been associated with multiple infections, especially tuberculosis, making it necessary to use screen tests before resorting to this kind of drugs...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668128/tuberculosis-associated-with-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-antagonists-case-description-and-analysis-of-reported-cases-in-colombia
#3
Leandro Galvis, Ángel Y Sánchez, Leonardo F Jurado, Martha I Murcia
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is an important fundamental cytokine during the immune response against cancer and infections such as tuberculosis. This molecule also plays a key pathogenic role in complex and difficult-to-treat diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, Crohn's disease, psoriasis and ulcerative colitis. The treatment of these diseases frequently needs TNF-α antagonists, which has been related to an increased risk of developing tuberculosis, mycoses, and other severe infections...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662482/targeting-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-antigens-to-dendritic-cells-via-the-dc-specific-icam3-grabbing-nonintegrin-receptor-induces-strong-t-helper-1-immune-responses
#4
Lis Noelia Velasquez, Philipp Stüve, Maria Virginia Gentilini, Maxine Swallow, Judith Bartel, Nils Yngve Lycke, Daniel Barkan, Mariana Martina, Hugo D Lujan, Hakan Kalay, Yvette van Kooyk, Tim D Sparwasser, Luciana Berod
Tuberculosis remains a major global health problem and efforts to develop a more effective vaccine have been unsuccessful so far. Targeting antigens (Ags) to dendritic cells (DCs) in vivo has emerged as a new promising vaccine strategy. In this approach, Ags are delivered directly to DCs via antibodies that bind to endocytic cell-surface receptors. Here, we explored DC-specific-ICAM3-grabbing-nonintegrin (DC-SIGN) targeting as a potential vaccine against tuberculosis. For this, we made use of the hSIGN mouse model that expresses human DC-SIGN under the control of the murine CD11c promoter...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652321/-cytokines-in-surgery-for-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#5
S A Belov, A A Grigoryuk
AIM: To evaluate the effect of various methods of thoracoplasty on local production of cytokines in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The main group consisted of patients after traditional thoracoplasty. Thoracoplasty was compared with endoprosthesis of polypropylene mesh 'Surgipro - SPMM-149'. TNF-α and IL-10 cytokines in exudate from surgical area were measured by using of solid-phase enzyme immunoassay (OOO 'Vector-Best', Russia). RESULTS: It was revealed that local production of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines is more pronounced after thoracoplasty with polypropylene mesh 'Surgipro - SPMM-149'...
2018: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642903/functional-domains-of-sp110-that-modulate-its-transcriptional-regulatory-function-and-cellular-translocation
#6
Jia-Shiun Leu, So-Yi Chang, Chia-Yu Mu, Mei-Ling Chen, Bo-Shiun Yan
BACKGROUND: SP110, an interferon-induced nuclear protein, belongs to the SP100/SP140 protein family. Very recently, we showed that SP110b, an SP110 isoform, controls host innate immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection by regulating nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activity. However, it remains unclear how the structure of SP110 relates to its cellular functions. In this study, we provide experimental data illustrating the protein domains that are responsible for its functions. METHODS: We examined the effects of SP110 isoforms and a series of deletion mutants of SP110 on transcriptional regulation by luciferase reporter assays...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627232/protective-efficacy-of-recombinant-bcg-over-expressing-protective-stage-specific-antigens-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#7
Claudio Counoupas, Rachel Pinto, Gayathri Nagalingam, Warwick J Britton, James A Triccas
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide, yet current control strategies, including the existing BCG vaccine, have had little impact on disease control. CysVac2, a fusion protein comprising stage-specific Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens, provided superior protective efficacy against chronic M. tuberculosis infection in mice, compared to BCG. To determine if the delivery of CysVac2 in the context of BCG could improve BCG-induced immunity and protection, we generated a recombinant strain of BCG overexpressing CysVac2 (rBCG:CysVac2)...
April 4, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602704/sequential-pulmonary-immunization-with-heterologous-recombinant-influenza-a-virus-tuberculosis-vaccines-protects-against-murine-m-tuberculosis-infection
#8
H Muflihah, M Flórido, L C W Lin, Y Xia, J A Triccas, J Stambas, W J Britton
Tuberculosis (TB) infection affects a quarter of the global population resulting in a large burden of TB disease and mortality. The long-term control of TB requires vaccines with greater efficacy and durability than the current Mycobacterium bovis Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG). Pulmonary immunization may increase and prolong immunity at the site of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. We have investigated recombinant influenza A viruses (rIAVs) expressing the p25 CD4+ T cell epitope of M. tuberculosis Ag85B240-254 for single and sequential immunization against M...
March 27, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599838/assessment-of-recombinant-plasmid-expressing-fusion-antigen-ag85b-rv3425-in-management-of-acute-tuberculosis-infection-in-mice
#9
Huichang Huang, Feifei Wang, Enzhuo Yang, Honghai Wang, Peng Gao, Hongbo Shen
The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) and HIV-TB co-infection fuels an urgent need to develop novel therapeutic approaches, including therapeutic vaccines. Therapeutic vaccines have been proven to be a good strategy by inducing antigen specific immune responses against TB infection. In the present study, a recombinant plasmid based on lentiviral vector expressing fusion antigen Ag85B-Rv3425 (A3), and was constructed the immunogenicity and treatment effects in TB mice were assessed. The results showed that A3 delivered by the plasmid could be expressed appropriately in vivo and induced higher production of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-2 compared with A3 recombinant protein in mice...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572547/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-mce2e-suppresses-the-macrophage-innate-immune-response-and-promotes-epithelial-cell-proliferation
#10
Lihua Qiang, Jing Wang, Yong Zhang, Pupu Ge, Qiyao Chai, Bingxi Li, Yi Shi, Lingqiang Zhang, George Fu Gao, Cui Hua Liu
The intracellular pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) can survive in the host and cause disease by interfering with a variety of cellular functions. The mammalian cell entry 2 (mce2) operon of Mtb has been shown to contribute to tuberculosis pathogenicity. However, little is known about the regulatory roles of Mtb Mce2 family proteins towards host cellular functions. Here we show that the Mce2 family protein Mce2E suppressed the macrophage innate immune response and promoted epithelial cell proliferation...
March 23, 2018: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568875/expression-of-rv2031c-rv2626c-fusion-protein-in-mycobacterium-smegmatis-enhances-bacillary-survival-and-modulates-innate-immunity-in-macrophages
#11
Hong Jiang, Tai-Lai Luo, Jian Kang, Zhi-Kai Xu, Li-Mei Wang
Dormancy-associated antigens encoded by the dormancy survival regulon (DosR) genes are required for survival of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) in macrophages. However, mechanisms underlying survival of Mtb in macrophages remains to be elucidated. A recombinant Mycobacterium smegmatis strain (rMs) expressing a fusion protein of two dormancy‑associated antigens Rv2031c and Rv2626c from Mtb was constructed in the present study. In an in vitro culture, growth rate of rMs was lower compared with Ms. A total of 24 h following infection of murine macrophages with rMs or Ms, percentage of viable cells decreased and the number of bacteria in viable cells increased compared with Ms, demonstrating that virulence and intracellular survival of rMs were enhanced...
March 16, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562270/low-indeterminate-rates-associated-with-use-of-the-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-test-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-on-long-term-infliximab
#12
Eugene Vortia, Victor E Uko, Belinda Yen-Lieberman, Jill Frawley, Sarah E Worley, Lara Danziger-Isakov, Barbara Kaplan, Lori Mahajan
Background: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors are linked with increased risk of reactivation of active tuberculosis. The QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test is approved for screening latent tuberculosis infection in children and adults. There are limited data on the test performance in children on long-term treatment with TNF-α inhibitors. The objective of this study was to assess the proportion of indeterminate results for the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on long-term infliximab treatment and to evaluate the range of interferon-γ responses to mitogen...
March 19, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560355/limitations-of-using-il-17a-and-ifn-%C3%AE-induced-protein-10-to-detect-bovine-tuberculosis
#13
Ting Xin, Xintao Gao, Hongjun Yang, Pingjun Li, Qianqian Liang, Shaohua Hou, Xiukun Sui, Xiaoyu Guo, Weifeng Yuan, Hongfei Zhu, Jiabo Ding, Hong Jia
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is primarily caused by infection with Mycobacterium bovis , which belongs to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. The airborne route is considered the most common for transmission of M. bovis , and more than 15% of cattle with bTB shed the Mycobacterium , which can be detect by nested PCR to amplify mycobacterial mpb 70 from a nasal swab from a cow. To screen for cytokines fostering early and accurate detection of bTB, peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from naturally M...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559126/biophysical-and-immunological-characterization-of-the-esx-4-system-esat-6-family-proteins-rv3444c-and-rv3445c-from-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-h37rv
#14
Himanshu Pandey, Farheen Fatma, Shivraj M Yabaji, Meera Kumari, Sarita Tripathi, Kanchan Srivastava, Dinesh K Tripathi, Surya Kant, Kishore K Srivastava, Ashish Arora
The ESAT-6 family proteins of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are regarded as the key mediators in mycobacterial virulence and are largely considered as antigens that can improve TB vaccines and diagnostics. We have characterized Rv3444c and Rv3445c proteins of the ESX-4 system of ESAT-6 family of M. tuberculosis H37Rv, and have experimentally established that these two proteins interact to form a heterodimeric complex. Complex formation resulted in induction of α-helical conformation and stability against chemical denaturation...
March 2018: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559123/inhibiting-hla-g-restores-ifn-%C3%AE-and-tnf-%C3%AE-producing-t-cell-in-pleural-tuberculosis
#15
Abhinav Saurabh, Sushmita Chakraborty, Prabin Kumar, Anant Mohan, Anuj K Bhatnagar, Narayan Rishi, Dipendra Kumar Mitra
Human Leukocyte Antigen-G (HLA-G), a non-classical, class Ib molecule, has been shown to mediate immunoregulatory functions by inducing apoptosis, inhibits cytotoxicity and differentiation by modulating cytokine secretion. Due to its immune-suppressive function, it facilitates tolerance in feto-maternal interface and transplantation. In contrary, it favours immune evasion of microbes and tumors by inhibiting immune and inflammatory responses. In Tuberculosis (TB), we previously reported differential expression of HLA-G and its receptor Ig-like transcript -2 (ILT-2) in disseminated vs...
March 2018: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550192/immune-response-elicited-by-two-rbcg-strains-devoid-of-genes-involved-in-c-di-gmp-metabolism-affect-protection-versus-challenge-with-m-tuberculosis-strains-of-different-virulence
#16
Cristian Alfredo Segura-Cerda, Michel de Jesús Aceves-Sánchez, Brenda Marquina-Castillo, Dulce Mata-Espinoza, Jorge Barrios-Payán, Perla Jazmín Vega-Domínguez, César Pedroza-Roldán, Jorge Bravo-Madrigal, Alba Adriana Vallejo-Cardona, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, Mario Alberto Flores-Valdez
Pellicles, a type of biofilm, have gathered a renewed interest in the field of tuberculosis as a structure that mimics some characteristics occurring during M. tuberculosis infection, such as antibiotic recalcitrance and chronicity of infection, and as a source of antigens for humoral response in infected guinea pigs. In other bacteria, it has been well documented that the second messenger c-di-GMP modulates the transition from planktonic cells to biofilm formation. In this work, we used the live vaccine Mycobacterium bovis BCG to determine whether deletion of genes involved in c-di-GMP metabolism would affect interaction with macrophages, capacity to induce immune response in a murine cell line and mice, and how the protein profile was modified when grown as surface pellicles...
March 14, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546381/human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-impairs-th1-and-th17-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-specific-t-cell-responses
#17
Lyle W Murray, Iman Satti, Jodi Meyerowitz, Matthew Jones, Christian B Willberg, James E Ussher, Dominique Goedhals, Jacob Hurst, Rodney E Phillips, Helen McShane, Cloete van Vuuren, John Frater
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals have a higher risk of developing active tuberculosis (TB) than HIV-uninfected individuals, but the mechanisms underpinning this are unclear. We hypothesized that depletion of specific components of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses contributed to this increased risk. Methods: Mtb-specific T-cell responses in 147 HIV-infected and 44 HIV-uninfected control subjects in a TB-endemic setting in Bloemfontein, South Africa, were evaluated...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545791/functional-antigen-specific-stem-cell-memory-t-scm-cd4-t-cells-are-induced-by-human-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection
#18
Cheleka A M Mpande, One B Dintwe, Munyaradzi Musvosvi, Simbarashe Mabwe, Nicole Bilek, Mark Hatherill, Elisa Nemes, Thomas J Scriba
Background: Maintenance of long-lasting immunity is thought to depend on stem cell memory T cells (TSCM ), which have superior self-renewing capacity, longevity and proliferative potential compared with central memory (TCM ) or effector (TEFF ) T cells. Our knowledge of TSCM derives primarily from studies of virus-specific CD8+ TSCM . We aimed to determine if infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis ( M. tb ), the etiological agent of tuberculosis, generates antigen-specific CD4+ TSCM and to characterize their functional ontology...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543912/tnf-%C3%AE-blockade-impairs-in-vitro-tuberculous-granuloma-formation-and-down-modulate-th1-th17-and-treg-cytokines
#19
Djalma A Alves da Silva, Marcos V da Silva, Cleyson C Oliveira Barros, Patrícia B Dias Alexandre, Rodolfo P Timóteo, Jonatas S Catarino, Helioswilton Sales-Campos, Juliana R Machado, Denise B R Rodrigues, Carlo J Oliveira, Virmondes Rodrigues
Tuberculosis (TB) is a granulomatous disease that has affected humanity for thousands of years. The production of cytokines, such as IFN-γ and TNF-α, is fundamental in the formation and maintenance of granulomas and in the control of the disease. Recently, the introduction of TNF-α-blocking monoclonal antibodies, such as Infliximab, has brought improvements in the treatment of patients with chronic inflammatory diseases, but this treatment also increases the risk of reactivation of latent tuberculosis. Our objective was to analyze, in an in vitro model, the influence of Infliximab on the granulomatous reactions and on the production of antigen-specific cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-12p40, IL-10 and IL-17) from beads sensitized with soluble Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) antigens cultured in the presence of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from TB patients...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543810/identification-of-plasma-biomarkers-for-discrimination-between-tuberculosis-infection-disease-and-pulmonary-non-tuberculosis-disease
#20
Marco Pio La Manna, Valentina Orlando, Paolo Li Donni, Guido Sireci, Paola Di Carlo, Antonio Cascio, Francesco Dieli, Nadia Caccamo
We used the Luminex Bead Array Multiplex Immunoassay to measure cytokines, chemokines and growth factors responses to the same antigens used for RD1-based Interferon γ Release Assay (IGRA) test. Seventy-nine individuals, 27 active TB, 32 latent infection subsets, 20 individuals derivative purified protein (PPD) negative (subjects that do not have any indurative cutaneous reaction after 72 hrs of intradermal injection of PPD) and with other pulmonary disease were retrospectively studied. Forty-eight analytes were evaluated by Luminex Assay in plasma obtained from whole blood stimulated cells...
2018: PloS One
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