keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Move

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922902/from-directed-donation-to-kidney-sale-does-the-argument-hold-up
#1
James Stacey Taylor
The UCLA Medical Center has initiated a "voucher program" under which a person who donated a kidney would receive a voucher that she could provide to someone of her choosing who could then use it to move to the top of the renal transplantation waiting list. If the use of such vouchers as incentives for donors is morally permissible, then cash payments for kidneys are also morally permissible. But, that argument faces five objections. First, there are some goods whose nature allows them to be exchanged for similar goods but renders them monetarily inalienable...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922825/catholic-understandings-of-female-sexuality-in-1960s-britain
#2
David Geiringer
Recent interpretations of religious change in modern Britain have stressed the importance of a sudden and abrupt 'sexual revolution' during the 1960s. The role the Churches played in bringing about their own demise remains a point of debate, particularly in the case of the Catholic Church. This article attempts to move beyond existing historical disputes over a 'religious crisis' and whether it was rooted in 'internal' causes (problems within the Church) or 'external', secular developments. It explores the way sexual knowledge was discussed and disseminated by Catholic authorities during this decade of perceived cultural transition, drawing on the previously unpublished papers of the Papal Commission for Birth Control 1963-5 and the training manuals of the Catholic Marriage Advisory Council (CMAC)...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922669/a-critical-commentary-on-the-2017-agnp-consensus-guidelines-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-neuropsychopharmacology
#3
Jose de Leon
In 2004, 2011, and 2017, the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Neuropsychopharmakologie und Pharmakopsychiatrie (AGNP), a group of German-speaking psychiatric researchers and psychiatrists, published successive versions of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) expert group consensus guidelines. The 2017 version has as a major strength its encyclopedic nature, including 1358 references. The guideline has 3 major sections: 1) theoretical aspects of TDM, 2) drug concentration levels in blood to guide neuropsychopharmacotherapy, and 3) practical aspects of TDM in psychiatry and neurology...
September 18, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922581/the-crisis-of-patient-physician-trust-and-bioethics-lessons-and-inspirations-from-china
#4
Jing-Bao Nie, Lun Li, Grant Gillett, Joseph D Tucker, Arthur Kleinman
Trust is indispensable not only for interpersonal relationships and social life, but for good quality healthcare. As manifested in the increasing violence and tension in patient-physician relationships, China has been experiencing a widespread and profound crisis of patient-physician trust. And globally, the crisis of trust is an issue that every society, either developing or developed, has to face in one way or another. Yet, in spite of some pioneering works, the subject of patient-physician trust and mistrust - a crucial matter in healthcare especially because there are numerous ethical implications - has largely been marginalized in bioethics as a global discourse...
September 18, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922538/women-s-experiences-of-more-than-one-termination-of-pregnancy-within-two-years-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Carrie Purcell, Julie Riddell, Audrey Brown, Sharon Cameron, Catriona Melville, Gillian Flett, Yeshi Bhushan, Lisa McDaid
OBJECTIVE: To examine the experiences of women seeking more than one termination of pregnancy (TOP) within two years. DESIGN: Mixed methods study. SETTING: Six TOP services across Scotland. SAMPLE: Women presenting for TOP between July and December 2015. METHODS: Descriptive and inferential analysis of quantitative survey data, thematic analysis of qualitative interview data and integrative analysis...
September 18, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922423/proprioception-in-patients-with-posterior-cruciate-ligament-tears-a-meta-analysis-comparison-of-reconstructed-and-contralateral-normal-knees
#6
Jung-Ro Yoon, Dae-Hee Lee, Seung-Nam Ko, Young-Soo Shin
Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction for patients with PCL insufficiency has been associated with postoperative improvements in proprioceptive function due to mechanoreceptor regeneration. However, it is unclear whether reconstructed PCL or contralateral normal knees have better proprioceptive function outcomes. This meta-analysis was designed to compare the proprioceptive function of reconstructed PCL or contralateral normal knees in patients with PCL insufficiency. All studies that compared proprioceptive function, as assessed with threshold to detect passive movement (TTDPM) or joint position sense (JPS) in PCL reconstructed or contralateral normal knees were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922248/maxillary-corticotomies-with-bone-to-bone-retraction-and-mandibular-segmental-osteotomy-for-correcting-an-anterior-double-protrusion
#7
Kyung A Kim, Baek-Soo Lee, Ayse Selenge Akbulut, Seong-Hun Kim, Gerald Nelson
BACKGROUNDS: This article presents maxillary corticotomies with bone-to-bone retraction and anterior segmental osteotomy (ASO) as an alternative to 2-jaw orthognathics in the bimaxilary protrusion patient with partially anchylosed maxillary anterior tooth. METHODS: The 18-year-old male, complaining of anterior protrusion, with a trauma history to the maxillary central incisor, and requesting rapid treatment, was treated with maxillary corticotomies in 2 stages and ASO in the mandible...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922080/factors-associated-with-residential-mobility-during-pregnancy
#8
Doris K Amoah, Vikki Nolan, George Relyea, James G Gurney, Xinhua Yu, Frances A Tylavsky, Fawaz Mzayek
Our objective was to determine the factors associated with residential moving during pregnancy, as it may increase stress during pregnancy and affect birth outcomes. Data were obtained from the Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early Childhood (CANDLE) study. Participants were recruited from December 2006 to June 2011 and included 1,448 pregnant women. The average gestational age at enrollment was 23 weeks. The primary outcome of residential mobility was defined as any change in address during pregnancy...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922074/breast-cancer-survivors-perceptions-of-participating-in-a-supervised-exercise-intervention-an-exploratory-review-of-the-literature
#9
Leanne Livsey, Kiara Lewis
BACKGROUND: Despite the reported beneficial effects of physical activity (PA) during and after cancer diagnosis, current research data suggest that the percentages of breast cancer survivors who adhere to PA recommendations are low. The aim of the present systematic, critical review was to identify, analyze and provide a summary of qualitative literature findings, which have explored breast cancer survivors' experiences of participating in an exercise/PA intervention after cancer treatment...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921849/effects-of-pre-surgical-nasoalveolar-moulding-on-maxillary-arch-and-nasal-form-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-before-lip-surgery
#10
T Fuchigami, N Kimura, T Kibe, M Tezuka, M S Amir, H Suga, Y Takemoto, M Hashiguchi, A Maeda-Iino, N Nakamura
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of pre-surgical nasoalveolar moulding (PNAM) on the maxillary arch and nasal form in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: This is a retrospective case series study. The subjects were infants with complete UCLP who were treated with PNAM (n = 18) at Kagoshima University Medical and Dental Hospital (Japan) between 2006 and 2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Maxillary dental casts and facial photographs were taken at the time of the first visit and immediately prior to lip surgery to evaluate the maxillary arch and nasal form changes...
September 18, 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921776/transcriptional-responses-to-short-term-and-long-term-host-plant-experience-and-parasite-load-in-an-oligophagous-beetle
#11
Caroline Müller, Heiko Vogel, David G Heckel
Oligophagous herbivores must adjust their enzymatic machinery to the different host plant species they consume. If different hosts are used from one generation to the next, adaptation may be highly plastic, while if a single host is used over several generations there may be a longer-term response due to natural selection. Using an experimental evolutionary approach, we investigated effects of long-term experience versus short-term responses to different host plants in the oligophagous mustard leaf beetle Phaedon cochleariae...
September 16, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921731/inter-observer-agreement-in-pediatric-cervical-spine-injury-assessment-between-prehospital-and-emergency-department-providers
#12
Lorin R Browne, Hamilton Schwartz, Fahd A Ahmad, Michael Wallendorf, Nathan Kuppermann, E Brooke Lerner, Julie C Leonard
BACKGROUND: Investigators have derived cervical spine injury (CSI) decision support tools from physician observations. There is a need to demonstrate that prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) providers can use these tools to appropriately determine the need for spinal motion restrictions and make field disposition decisions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the inter-observer agreement between EMS and emergency department (ED) providers for CSI risk assessment variables and overall gestalt for CSI in children after blunt trauma...
September 18, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921642/clinical-pharmacology-tools-and-evaluations-to-facilitate-comprehensive-dose-finding-in-oncology-a-continuous-risk-benefit-approach
#13
Julie M Bullock, Tiffany Lin, Sanela Bilic
Targeted therapies are now considered an integral component in the treatment armamentarium for many malignancies, and the approach to developing these drugs needs to be refined from the previous cytotoxic paradigm of toxicity-guided dose finding and identification of maximum tolerated dose to a paradigm driven by target activity. Moving away from the toxicity-driven dose finding and justification model requires an integrated approach in order to adequately characterize the risk-benefit of a drug. This approach starts with understanding the importance of collecting samples for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic assessments in all phases of clinical development to fully characterize the pharmacokinetics and identify covariates and then correlating exposure to key markers of safety and efficacy in pharmacometric analyses to perform a robust risk-benefit assessment and establish the right dose...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921256/relation-between-different-measures-of-glycemic-exposure-and-microvascular-and-macrovascular-complications-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-an-observational-cohort-study
#14
Rients P T van Wijngaarden, Jetty A Overbeek, Edith M Heintjes, Agata Schubert, Joris Diels, Huub Straatman, Ewout W Steyerberg, Ron M C Herings
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective cohort study investigated the relation between different measures of glycemic exposure and micro- and macrovascular complications among patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The analysis included patients receiving oral antihyperglycemic agents between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2014 from the General Practitioner Database from the PHARMO Database Network. All recorded HbA1c levels during follow-up were used to express glycemic exposure in four ways: index HbA1c, time-dependent HbA1c, exponential moving average (EMA) and glycemic burden...
September 18, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920903/brain-control-of-an-external-device-by-extracting-the-highest-force-related-contents-of-local-field-potentials-in-freely-moving-rats
#15
Abed Khorasani, Reza Foodeh, Vahid Shalchyan, Mohammad Reza Daliri
A local field potential (LFP) signal is an alternative source to neural action potentials for decoding kinematic and kinetic information from the brain. Here we demonstrate that better extraction of force-related features from multichannel LFPs improves the accuracy of force decoding. We propose that applying canonical correlation analysis (CCA) filter on the envelopes of separate frequency bands (band-specific CCA) seperates non- task related information from the LFPs. The decoding accuracy of the continuous force signal based on the proposed method were compared with three feature reduction methods: 1) Band-specific principal component analysis (bandspecific PCA) method that extract the components which leads to maximum variance from envelopes of different frequency bands, 2) Correlation coefficient-based (CC-based) feature reduction that selects the best features from the envelopes sorted based on the absolute correlation coefficient between each envelope and the target force signal and 3) Mutual information -based (MI-based) feature reduction that selects the best features from the envelopes sorted based on the mutual information between each envelope and output force signal...
September 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920810/newly-described-toxoplasma-gondii-strain-causes-high-mortality-in-red-necked-wallabies-macropus-rufogriseus-in-a-zoo
#16
Amanda Guthrie, Leah Rooker, Rommel Tan, Richard Gerhold, Karen Trainor, Tiantian Jiang, Chunlei Su
This manuscript describes an outbreak of fatal toxoplasmosis in wallabies. Ten adult red necked wallabies (Macropus rufogriseus) were imported from New Zealand to the Virginia Zoo. Agglutination testing upon admission into quarantine showed all animals to be negative for antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii. Nine of these wallabies died from acute toxoplasmosis within 59-565 (average 224) days after being moved onto exhibit. Clinical signs included lethargy, diarrhea, tachypnea, and ataxia that progressed rapidly; death without premonitory signs occurred in one case...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920752/treatment-of-synthetic-refinery-wastewater-in-anoxic-aerobic-sequential-moving-bed-reactors-and-sulphur-recovery
#17
Subrat Kumar Mallick, Saswati Chakraborty
Objective of the present study was to simultaneously biodegrade synthetic petroleum refinery wastewater containing phenol (750 mg/L), sulphide (750 mg/L), hydrocarbon (as emulsified diesel of 300 mg/L), ammonia-nitrogen (350 mg/L) at pH >9 in anoxic-aerobic sequential moving bed reactors. The optimum mixing speed of anoxic reactor was observed at 20 rpm and beyond that, removal rate remained constant. In anoxic reactor the minimum hydraulic retention time was observed to be 2 days for complete removal of sulphide, 40-50% removal of phenol and total hydrocarbons and 52% of sulphur recovery...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920716/transposons-moving-forward-from-preclinical-studies-to-clinical-trials
#18
Jaitip Tipanee, Thierry VandenDriessche, Marinee K Chuah
Transposons have emerged as promising vectors for gene therapy that can potentially overcome some of the limitations of commonly used viral vectors. Transposons stably integrate into the target cell genome, enabling persistent expression of therapeutic genes. Transposons have evolved from being used as basic tools in biomedical research to bona fide therapeutics. Currently, the most promising transposons for gene therapy applications are derived from Sleeping Beauty (SB) or piggyBac (PB). Stable transposition requires co-delivery of the transposon DNA with the corresponding transposase gene, mRNA, or protein...
August 22, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920611/an-efficient-algorithm-for-extracting-the-magnitude-of-the-measurement-error-for-fractional-dynamics
#19
G Sikora, E Kepten, A Weron, M Balcerek, K Burnecki
Modern live-imaging fluorescent microscopy techniques following the stochastic motion of labeled tracer particles, i.e. single particle tracking (SPT) experiments, have uncovered significant deviations from the laws of Brownian motion in a variety of biological systems. Accurately characterizing the anomalous diffusion for SPT experiments has become a central issue in biophysics. However, measurement errors raise difficulty in the analysis of single trajectories. In this paper, we introduce a novel surface calibration method based on a fractionally integrated moving average (FIMA) process as an effective tool for extracting both the magnitude of the measurement error and the anomalous exponent for autocorrelated processes of various origins...
September 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920545/median-nerve-movement-in-the-carpal-tunnel-before-and-after-carpal-tunnel-release-using-transverse-ultrasound
#20
Mitsuhiko Nanno, Norie Kodera, Yuji Tomori, Yusuke Hagiwara, Shinro Takai
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the movement of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel during wrist and finger motions between before and after carpal tunnel release (CTR) using transverse ultrasound in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patients and to evaluate the biomechanical efficacy of CTR for CTS. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with CTS were examined by transverse ultrasound. The location of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel was examined quantitatively as a coordinate at varied wrist positions with finger extension and flexion, respectively, before and after CTR...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
keyword
keyword
19071
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"