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Difficult airways

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929236/-criteria-for-treating-mrsa-in-sputum
#1
REVIEW
J Lorenz, M Unnewehr, B Schaaf, S Gatermann
Methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are of particular significance for the management of patients with airway infections, since the disease course is often complicated and treatment rendered difficult by multiple resistance. Their prevalence is now slowly declining, but still alarmingly high. Hospital-acquired infections are predominant, but hospital-associated and community-acquired infections do occur, as do rare infections with livestock-acquired strains. Non-nosocomial strains are characterized by different pathogenic factors and a different spectrum of antibacterial resistance; they often have a threatening disease course...
September 19, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928595/a-novel-use-of-gum-elastic-bougie-to-manage-an-unanticipated-difficult-airway-due-to-vallecular-cyst
#2
Mohd Rameez Riaz, Vansh Priya, Avinash Patro, Sandeep Sahu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928590/arteriovenous-malformation-of-face-a-challenge-to-anesthesiologists
#3
S Neeta, Rammoorthi Rao, Madhusudan Upadya, P Keerthi
Arteriovenous (AV) malformations of the face are rare presentations. Endovascular coiling is one of the treatment modalities. We report a case of a 65-year-old lady who presented with a large AV malformation of the face located around the nasal bride and alae nasae posted for coiling under general anesthesia. Anesthetic management of the case was a challenge as it was an anticipated difficult airway situation. Furthermore, any pressure on the swelling can lead to rupture and hemorrhage as the skin above swelling was unhealthy...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928561/periprocedural-management-of-vein-of-galen-aneurysmal-malformation-patients-an-11-year-experience
#4
Ajay Prasad Hrishi, Karen Ruby Lionel
CONTEXT: The vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) is a rare arteriovenous malformation where a dilated median prosencephalic vein provides a low-resistance conduit for intracerebral blood flow resulting in high-output cardiac failure, severe pulmonary hypertension, with or without central nervous system symptoms secondary to hydrocephalus, in the neonatal and pediatric population. AIM: This study aims to analysis of the anesthetic management of this unique subset of patients with VGAM...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928551/a-survey-of-current-practice-of-supraglottic-airway-devices-in-pediatric-anesthesia-from-india
#5
Suvarna Kaniyil, P B Smithamol, Elizabeth Joseph, A Krishnadas, K T Ramadas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Supraglottic airway devices (SADs) have revolutionized the pediatric anesthetic practice and got a key role in difficult airway (DA) management. Several modifications of SADs design had come up to improve their safety. AIM: The aim of this survey was to determine the current usage of SADs in pediatric anesthetic practice, their availability, and to know any difficulties noted in practice. METHODS: It was a questionnaire survey among the anesthesiologists who attended the National Pediatric Anesthesia Conference-2016...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920633/noninvasive-ventilation-in-difficult-endotracheal-intubation-systematic-and-review-analysis
#6
Igor Barjaktarevic, Antonio M Esquinas, Frances Mae West, Jeffrey Albores, David Berlin
Noninvasive ventilation has been widely used in the management of acute respiratory failure in appropriate clinical settings. In addition to known benefit of alleviating the need for invasive mechanical ventilation, recent literature suggested its beneficial use in the process of endotracheal intubation. Search of the PubMed database and manual review of selected articles investigating the methods and outcomes of endotracheal intubation in difficult airway due to hypoxemic respiratory failure and the role of noninvasive ventilation in this process...
September 18, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918615/predicting-difficult-laryngoscopy-and-intubation-with-laryngoscopic-exam-test-a-new-method
#7
Mahmood Akhlaghi, Mohammadreza Abedinzadeh, Ali Ahmadi, Zohre Heidari
Airway assessment is fundamental skill for anesthesiologists and failure to maintain a patient's airway is the tremendous cause of anesthesia-related morbidity and mortality. None of the tests which have recommended for predicting difficult intubation stands out to be the best clinical test or have high diagnostic accuracy. Our study aimed to determine the utility of a new test as "laryngoscopic exam test (LET)" in predicting difficult intubation. Three hundred and eleven patients aged 16-60 years participated and completed the study...
July 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913492/incorporating-airway-examination-photography-into-the-electronic-record
#8
Joshua W Sappenfield, Nik Gravenstein, Judith M Wishin, Chukwudi Obiora Chiaghana, David Smyth, Brenda G Fahy, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Laurie Davies, F Kayser Enneking
BACKGROUND: Photography of the airway has been used in research to validate preoperative airway assessment and the likelihood of identifying the difficult-to-mask ventilate and/or intubate patient. Up till now, no study has demonstrated the perceived utility of incorporation of airway photographs into the anesthesia preassessment. METHODS: The University of Florida Health Presurgical Clinic routinely incorporates three photographs of all adult patients during their preanesthesia visit...
April 2017: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905374/heat-and-moisture-exchangers-versus-heated-humidifiers-for-mechanically-ventilated-adults-and-children
#9
REVIEW
Donna Gillies, David A Todd, Jann P Foster, Bisanth T Batuwitage
BACKGROUND: Invasive ventilation is used to assist or replace breathing when a person is unable to breathe adequately on their own. Because the upper airway is bypassed during mechanical ventilation, the respiratory system is no longer able to warm and moisten inhaled gases, potentially causing additional breathing problems in people who already require assisted breathing. To prevent these problems, gases are artificially warmed and humidified. There are two main forms of humidification, heat and moisture exchangers (HME) or heated humidifiers (HH)...
September 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905252/human-and-equipment-resources-for-difficult-airway-management-airway-education-programs-and-capnometry-use-in-japanese-emergency-departments-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#10
Yuko Ono, Koichi Tanigawa, Kazuaki Shinohara, Tetsuhiro Yano, Kotaro Sorimachi, Ryota Inokuchi, Jiro Shimada
BACKGROUND: Although human and equipment resources, proper training, and the verification of endotracheal intubation are vital elements of difficult airway management (DAM), their availability in Japanese emergency departments (EDs) has not been determined. How ED type and patient volume affect DAM preparation is also unclear. We conducted the present survey to address this knowledge gaps. METHODS: This nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted from April to September 2016...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894942/first-steps-towards-development-of-an-instrument-for-the-reproducible-quantification-of-oropharyngeal-swallow-physiology-in-bottle-fed-children
#11
Maureen A Lefton-Greif, Katlyn Elizabeth McGrattan, Kathryn A Carson, Jeanne M Pinto, Jennifer M Wright, Bonnie Martin-Harris
The incidence of feeding/swallowing impairments (deglutition disorders) in young children is rising and poses serious acute and long-term health consequences. Accurate detection and prompt intervention can lessen the impact of dysphagia-induced sequelae. Videofluoroscopic Swallow Studies (VFSSs) are used to make critical decisions for medically fragile children despite procedural variability and the lack of agreed upon measures for interpreting and reporting results. This investigation represents the first steps in the development of a novel tool for the quantification of oropharyngeal swallow physiology from full-length VFSS examinations in bottle-fed children...
September 11, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893016/comparison-of-intubating-conditions-using-fentanyl-plus-propofol-versus-fentanyl-plus-midazolam-during-fiberoptic-laryngoscopy
#12
Parmod Kumar, Tripat Kaur, Gurpreet Kaur Atwal, Jatinderpaul Singh Bhupal, Ajay Kumar Basra
INTRODUCTION: Awake nasal or oral flexible fiberoptic intubation is the airway management technique of choice in known or anticipated difficult airway, unstable cervical fracture, limited mouth opening (as in temporomandibular joint disease), mandibular-maxillary fixation and severe facial burns. Both optimal intubating condition and patient comfort are important for fiberoptic intubation. Optimal intubating conditions provided by an ideal sedation regimen would ensure haemodynamic stability, patient comfort, attenuation of airway reflexes and amnesia...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890562/efficacy-of-atomised-local-anaesthetic-versus-transtracheal-topical-anaesthesia-for-awake-fibreoptic-intubation
#13
Bindu K Vasu, Sunil Rajan, Jerry Paul, Lakshmi Kumar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Successful awake fibreoptic intubation (AFOI) depends on adequate topical anaesthesia of the airway. We aimed to compare efficacy of atomised local anaesthetic versus transtracheal topical anaesthesia for AFOI. METHODS: It was a prospective, randomised controlled study of 33 patients with the American Society of Anesthesiologists' physical status 1-3 with anticipated difficult airway requiring AFOI. The primary objective was to compare the patient comfort after topical anaesthesia of the airway using atomiser with transtracheal injection of the local anaesthetic agent for AFOI in patients with anticipated difficult airway...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890557/are-cardiac-surgical-patients-at-increased-risk-of-difficult-intubation
#14
Deepak Prakash Borde, Savani Sameer Futane, Vijay Daunde, Sujata Zine, Nayana Joshi, Sumit Jaiswal, Sadhana Chinchole, Prasannakumar Kulkarni, Amit Hiwarkar, Priti Bhagyawant, Dilip Deshmukh, Manisha Takalkar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Safe airway management is the cornerstone of contemporary anaesthesia practice, and difficult intubation (DI) remains a major cause of anaesthetic morbidity and mortality. The surgical category, particularly cardiac surgery as a risk factor for DI has not been studied extensively. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis whether cardiac surgical patients are at increased risk of DI. METHODS: During the study, 627 patients (329 cardiac and 298 non-cardiac surgical) were enrolled...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890556/ethnicity-and-upper-airway-measurements-a-study-in-south-indian-population
#15
Kalpana P Balakrishnan, Punitha A Chockalingam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Most studies on upper airway are conducted based on airway measurements in the western population. We set out to find the normal values of upper airway measurements in South Indian population. The aim of this study was to perform various upper airway examinations and to set standards for normal measurements in the South Indian population as well as to analyse the data for predictors of difficult intubation. METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary cancer hospital in Southern India...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890554/difficult-airway-challenges-phobias-and-options
#16
EDITORIAL
Goneppanavar Umesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890532/diffuse-idiopathic-pulmonary-neuroendocrine-cell-hyperplasia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Evangelos Koliakos, Theodoros Thomopoulos, Ziad Abbassi, Christophe Duc, Michel Christodoulou
BACKGROUND Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) is a rare pulmonary disorder that is characterized by diffuse hyperplasia of bronchiolar and bronchial pulmonary neuroendocrine cells. In this condition, when no other pathological pulmonary condition is detected, DIPNECH is considered to be an idiopathic lung disease. DIPNECH is a rare condition that can be difficult to distinguish from other forms of reactive pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (NECH). We present a case of DIPNECH and describe the approach to diagnosis of this rare condition...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885520/caring-for-trauma-patients-with-coexisting-heart-failure
#18
Karen Bergman Schieman, Kelley Pattison, Conor Early
The coexisting conditions of traumatic injury coupled with a comorbid condition such as heart failure create a complex scenario for the trauma nurse to manage. Initial care of the trauma patient includes following the Advanced Trauma Life Support guidelines and managing the airway, breathing, and circulation (ABC) of the patient. Once the airway is secure and breathing is managed, the team addresses circulation. At this point in the patient's care, the team typically does not know which, if any, comorbid conditions exist...
September 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882637/successful-retrograde-intubation-after-failed-fiberoptic-intubation-and-percutaneous-cricothyrotomy
#19
Stephanie Brenman, Sachin Gupta, Stephanie Tseeng
BACKGROUND: An obstructive neck lesion presents an airway challenge for any emergency physician. Retrograde intubation is an infrequently used airway alternative that can be employed in the difficult airway algorithm that requires little training and is less invasive than surgical cricothyrotomy. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 31-year-old male patient who presented with respiratory distress progressing to respiratory failure from upper airway obstruction. The patient had significant tracheal thickening at the level of the thyroid gland based on a computed tomography report from 3 weeks prior to his presentation...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879330/flexible-laryngeal-mask-airway-management-for-dental-treatment-cases-associated-with-difficult-intubation
#20
Masanori Tsukamoto, Takashi Hitosugi, Takeshi Yokoyama
Nasotracheal intubation is generally a useful maxillofacial surgery that provides good surgical access for intraoral procedures. When nasotracheal intubation is difficult, laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion can be performed, and the flexible LMA™ (FLMA) is also useful for anesthetic management. However, the FLMA provides limited access to the mouth, which restricts the insertion of instrumentation and confines the surgical field available. Here, we present our experience using the FLMA airway management for dental treatment cases involving difficulty with intubation...
March 2017: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
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