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Clémence Granier, Emeline Vinatier, Elia Colin, Marion Mandavit, Charles Dariane, Virginie Verkarre, Lucie Biard, Rami El Zein, Corinne Lesaffre, Isabelle Galy-Fauroux, Hélène Roussel, Eléonore De Guillebon, Charlotte Blanc, Antonin Saldmann, Cécile Badoual, Alain Gey, Éric Tartour
Immune cells are important components of the tumor microenvironment and influence tumor growth and evolution at all stages of carcinogenesis. Notably, it is now well established that the immune infiltrate in human tumors can correlate with prognosis and response to therapy. The analysis of the immune infiltrate in the tumor microenvironment has become a major challenge for the classification of patients and the response to treatment. The co-expression of inhibitory receptors such as Program Cell Death Protein 1 (PD1; also known as CD279), Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Associated Protein 4 (CTLA-4), T-Cell Immunoglobulin and Mucin Containing Protein-3 (Tim-3; also known as CD366), and Lymphocyte Activation Gene 3 (Lag-3; also known as CD223), is a hallmark of T cell exhaustion...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Chang-Gu Lee, Hassan Javed, Danning Zhang, Jae-Hong Kim, Paul Westerhoff, Qilin Li, Pedro J J Alvarez
Using a bi-polymer system consisting of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF), P25-TiO2 was immobilized into thin film mats of porous electrospun fibers. Pores were introduced by dissolving sacrificial PVP to increase surface area and enhance access to TiO2. The highest photocatalytic activity was achieved using a PVDF:PVP weight ratio of 2:1. Methylene blue (MB) was used to visualize contaminant removal, assess the sorption capacity (5.93 ± 0.23 mg/g) and demonstrate stable removal kinetics (kMB > 0...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Chi Zhang, Huaigao Liu, Shangwu Chen, Yongkang Luo
Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) is a serine exo-peptidase that can inactivate incretins by removing N-terminal dipeptides. Currently, inhibiting the DPP-IV activity is a common treatment for type 2 diabetes (T2D). The goal of this study is to investigate whether IADHFL, a novel DPP-IV inhibitory peptide identified from bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis), has the potential to modulate T2D. IADHFL remained stable after simulated gastrointestinal digestion and significantly decreased the activity and expression of both soluble and membrane-bound DPP-IV after 24 h and 48 h of treatment...
March 19, 2018: Food & Function
Kirstin Harling, Ernest Adankwah, Alptekin Güler, Anthony Afum-Adjei Awuah, Louis Adu-Amoah, Ertan Mayatepek, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Norman Nausch, Marc Jacobsen
T-cells critically contribute to protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, and impaired T-cell responses can lead to disease progression. Pro-inflammatory and immunosuppressive cytokines affect T-cells, and fine-tuned regulation of cytokine signaling via the Jak/STAT signaling pathways is crucial for appropriate T-cell function. Constitutive STAT3 phosphorylation as a consequence of aberrant cytokine signaling has been described to occur in pathognomonic T-cell responses in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases...
March 19, 2018: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
Qun Dai, Yu-Qing Ge
Platycodin D(PD) has a significantly inhibitory effect on multiple malignant tumors, and can inhibit the proliferation of leukemia cells K562 and induce apoptosis. However, its effect in improving the sensitivity of drug-resistant cells to imatinib and their molecular mechanism remained unclear. To investigate the effect and mechanism of PD alone or combined with imatinib (IM) in inhibiting CML imatinib resistant cell line K562/R, the cell proliferation was examined by CCK8 assay to reveal the effect of PD on the inhibitory function of imatinib...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Ya Bian, Meng-Sheng Liu, Li-Yuan Zhang, Guo-Chuan Li, Jian-Ming Feng, Xia Liang, Yu-Guang Zheng, Jing Wang
In order to explore the anti-inflammatory activity and active ingredient basis from the leaves of the Belamcanda chinensis and Iris tectorum, we established an HPLC method for simultaneous determination of six anti-inflammatory active ingredient contents in the root of the B. chinensis and I. tectorum as well as their leaves with different dry methods, and the anti-inflammatory effects of the extract were studied by the mouse ear swelling experiment. The HPLC analysis was performed on an Agilent WondaSil© C₁₈-WR(4...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Ersilia Alexa, Corina Danciu, Isidora Radulov, Diana Obistioiu, Renata Maria Sumalan, Adriana Morar, Cristina Adriana Dehelean
The present study aimed to investigate the phytochemical composition of Mentha  ×  piperita L. (MP) and Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (LA) extracts in terms of hydroxycinnamic acid (HCAs) content, in particular, caffeic (CA), p-cumaric (CU), ferulic (FE), and rosmarinic (RS) acids using LC-MS. Also, the in vitro antimicrobial effect against Staphylococcus aureus and the antiproliferative activity against two cancerous cell lines (A375 and MDA-MB-231) using the MTT assay were tested. The extracts were prepared using aromatic water which resulted from the extraction of oils from plants as extraction medium, with/without acid...
2018: Analytical Cellular Pathology (Amsterdam)
Fangfang Tao, Xinxin Tian, Zhiqian Zhang
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be of great importance in the formation and progression of a wide range of human carcinomas including prostate cancer (PCa). Among them, PCAT3 and PCAT9 have been identified as two prostate tissue-specific lncRNAs and are up-regulated in PCa. However, their roles in the biological characteristics of PCa have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, our data revealed that knockdown of PCAT3 and PCAT9 suppressed cellular proliferation, invasion, migration, angiogenesis and stemness in androgen-dependent LNCaP and 22Rv1 cells...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
QiangYue Jiang, Lingyan Ma, RuiChao Li, JianHai Sun
The occurrence and development of colon cancer is closely related to inflammation. Therefore, this study was conducted a current retrospective research to study the effect of IL-35 (interleukin 35), a newly identified anti-infective factor, on colon cancer development. The expression of IL-35 in colon cancer samples and their adjacent normal mucosa by real-time PCR, ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). The effect of IL-35 on patient survival, colon cancer progression, and its effect on Wnt/β-catenine signaling pathway was also assessed...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Xuelian Xiao, Daheng Yang, Xue Gong, Dongping Mo, Shiyang Pan, Jian Xu
miRNAs play important roles in lung adenocarcioma (LADC) progression. We previously found that miR-1290 expression was upregulated in LADC tissue and serum samples from patients with LADC, and correlated with prognosis. However, the biological role of miR-1290 in LADC and mechanism of such role are poorly understood. Here, we found that miR-1290 overexpression promoted LADC cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and invasion, while suppressing cell apoptosis in vitro . Furthermore, miR-1290 promoted tumor growth, invasion and metastasis in vivo ...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Chiawen Hsieh, Yun-Wei Lin, Ching-Hsein Chen, Wenjun Ku, Fuching Ma, Hanming Yu, Chishih Chu
Natural compounds have been candidates for anticancer medicine over the last 20 years. During the process of isolating seed oil from Calophyllum inophyllum L., yellow and green pigments containing multiple compounds with an aromatic structure were identified. High-performance liquid chromatography and nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of these pigments revealed that the compounds present were identical, but the concentration of the compounds was different. Treatment with the pigments was able to induce the death of DLD-1 human colon cancer cells and increase the percentage of the cells in the sub-G1 and sub-G2 /M phases in a dose-dependent manner...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Xuan Wang, Xiangli Yao, Shiming Fan, Chenshuang Xiang, Runjiao Liu, Juan Feng, Jing Huang, Shouxin Liu
Melanoma is highly resistant to most traditional treatments; therefore, its incidence and mortality rates are rapidly increasing. The effect of a novel sansalvamide A analogue named LY-15 on the growth and induction of apoptosis in B16 cancer cells was investigated in vitro . The inhibitory effects of LY-15 on B16 cells occurred in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. The B16 cells were cultured in various concentrations of LY-15 (5, 15 and 25 µM), and the ameliorating effect of LY-15 was evaluated using apoptotic protein markers B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), caspase-3 and caspase-9...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Hua Zhang, Yumei Cao, Yuru Chen, Guangxi Li, Hanshu Yu
The present study investigated the inhibitory effects of apatinib on the proliferation of the SMMC-7721 hepatocellular carcinoma cell line to explore the possible mechanism. The MTT assay was used to detect the inhibitory effects of the different concentrations of apatinib on the proliferation of SMMC-7721 cells. Annexin V/PI double staining was performed to investigate the effects of apatinib on the apoptosis of SMMC-7721 cells. Expression of the apoptosis-related genes Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-9 after apatinib treatment was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and western blot analysis...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Shuo Tu, Xia-Li Zhang, Hui-Fang Wan, Yan-Qin Xia, Zhuo-Qi Liu, Xiao-Hong Yang, Fu-Sheng Wan
To investigate the effects of taurine on cell proliferation and apoptosis, the human lung cancer A549 cell line and xenograft tumors in nude mice were used. The effects of taurine on cell proliferation and apoptosis were observed at time points of 24, 48 and 72 h after treatment using an MTT assay to detect the survival rate, and flow cytometry to detect the apoptotic rate. Western blot analysis was performed to examine the levels of p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA), BCL2, apoptosis regulator (Bcl-2) and BCL2-associated X, apoptosis regulator (Bax) in A549 cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Zhenlei Li, Xiaoping Zou, Hao Zhu, Min Chen, Yan Zhao
Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive disease with a particularly poor prognosis contributing to a substantial percentage of cancer-associated mortality rates. In the present study, the combination treatment of baicalein (BAI) and gemcitabine (GEM) was investigated to examine whether it inhibited the growth of the human CFPAC-1 pancreatic cancer cell line in vitro and in vivo . The cytotoxic interactions between BAI and GEM in human pancreatic cancer cell lines were determined using MTT assays, and the effect of the two agents on apoptosis was detected using Hoechst 33258 staining and annexin V/7-AAD...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Yanhong Yang, Wenwen Zhou, Jiandong Wu, Lixin Yao, Lei Xue, Qianyi Zhang, Zhenzhen Wang, Xiaoyu Wang, Shu Dong, Jiangman Zhao, Duanduan Yin
Nimotuzumab, a humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody against epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), increases radiosensitivity in lung cancer. Cisplatin is an effective antitumor agent in lung cancer. In the present study, the antitumor activity of nimotuzumab combined with cisplatin was investigated in A549 lung cancer cells. Viability, cell cycle distribution and cyclin D1 expression were assessed following treatment with nimotuzumab alone, cisplatin alone, nimotuzumab in combination with cisplatin, and nimotuzumab followed sequentially by cisplatin...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Jun-Ming Chen, Jue Zhang, Yong-Mei Xia, Xiao-Xia Wang, Jian Li
Steviol is the colonic metabolite of the natural sweetener steviol glycosides. It does not diffuse to the blood and the half maximal inhibitory concentration of steviol is longer compared with that of current chemotherapy agents, including 5-fluorouracil and doxorubicin. The present study demonstrated that steviol inhibits the proliferation of the human osteosarcoma U2OS cell line in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and that the inhibition rate is comparative with that of doxorubicin and 5-fluorouracil. The mechanism of this anticancer activity is also investigated...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Taisuke Matsuo, Aki Fujiwara, Kazuhiro Nakamura, Yasuyuki Sadzuka
B16F10 murine melanoma cells are frequently used for the study of cancer and melanogenesis. The cells are usually cultured in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium, with the addition of 20 µM pyridoxal (PL) or pyridoxine (PN) for vitamin B6 . The difference between these vitamin B6 compounds is thought not to affect cell proliferation, whereas their influence on other physiological effects is poorly understood. In the present study, the effects of PL and PN on cell proliferation and melanogenesis in B16F10 cells were compared...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Yi Cao, Shengxing Tan, Yi Tu, Guoyang Zhang, Yi Liu, Daojiang Li, Shan Xu, Zhibiao Le, Jianbo Xiong, Wenyu Zou, Peitao Gong, Zhengrong Li, Zhigang Jie
Accumulating studies have demonstrated microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) have an important role in multiple processes of human malignant tumor development and progression. Decreased expression of miR-125a-5p has been observed in several types of cancer, including gastric cancer (GC). However, the mechanism and exact function of miR-125a-5p in GC have not been largely elucidated. In the present study, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction indicated that the expression of miR-125a-5p was downregulated in GC tissues and cell lines compared with matched normal tissues (P<0...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Yingkun Pan, Yi Mei Zheng, Wing Shing Ho
The present study investigated the effects of quercetin glucosides, which were isolated from the Chinese onion ( Allium chinense ), garlic ( Allium sativum ), onion ( Allium cepa L.) and the Welsh onion ( Allium fistulosum L.) in HepG2, HT-29 and PC-3 cancer cell lines. Quercetin-3,4'-di-O-glucoside (3,4'-Qdg) and quercetin-4'-O-glucoside (4'-Qmg) comprise ~98% of the flavonoids in the methanol extract of onion. A small amount of 3,4'-Qdg is present in the Welsh onion and Chinese onion, whereas 4'-Qmg is also present in the Welsh onion...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
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