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Total thyroidectomy

Q A Yu, D K Ma, K P Liu, P Wang, C M Xie, Y H Wu, W J Dai, H C Jiang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate risk factors associated with right paraesophageal lymph node (RPELN) metastasis in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and to determine the indications for right lymph node dissection. METHODS: Clinicopathologic data from 829 patients (104 men and 725 women) with PTC, operated on by the same thyroid surgery team at the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from January 2013 to May 2017, were analyzed. Overall, 309 patients underwent total thyroidectomy with bilateral lymph node dissection, 488 underwent right thyroid lobe and isthmic resection with right central compartment lymph node dissection, and 32 underwent near-total thyroidectomy (ipsilateral thyroid lobectomy with contralateral near-total lobectomy) with bilateral lymph node dissection...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
G L Canu, J S Bulla, M L Lai, F Medas, G Baghino, E Erdas, S Mariotti, P G Calò
Primary thyroid leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is an extremely rare tumor. We report a case of a 47-year-old male with a rapidly growing neck mass and disfagia. Preoperative investigations were diagnostic of anaplastic carcinoma. Total thyroidectomy with partial esophagectomy and dissection of right infrahyoid muscles was performed. Through histolological and immunohistochemical evaluations a primary thyroid high-grade LMS was diagnosed. At 2 months of follow-up a local recurrence was detected and consequently the patient was submitted to chemotherapy with partial response...
January 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Chien-Ling Hung, Chih-Ching Yeh, Pi-Shan Sung, Chung-Jye Hung, Chih-Hsin Muo, Fung-Chang Sung, I-Ming Jou, Kuen-Jer Tsai
BACKGROUND: Whether thyroidectomy contributes to osteoporosis (OP) and osteoporotic fracture (OF) is a subject of debate. This study aimed to determine the effect of thyroidectomy on the risk of OP and OF. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study is based on patient data between January 2000 to December 2005 from the National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients who underwent thyroidectomy were enrolled in the thyroidectomy cohort, and the control cohort was selected by propensity score matching at a ratio of 1:4...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Hideki Maeda, Goro Kutomi, Fukino Satomi, Hiroaki Shima, Mitsuru Mori, Ichiro Takemasa
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential advantages of the ultrasonic scalpel compared with the conventional technique in thyroid surgery. Patients with resectable thyroid cancer and Basedow's disease were assigned to ultrasonic scalpel or conventional technique (knot-tying and electrocoagulation). The present study used the Harmonic FOCUS® (HF) as an ultrasonic scalpel. Between February 2013 and May 2016, 45 patients were enrolled into the study. Duration of the surgery was significantly decreased in the HF group compared with the conventional surgery (CS) group (median 142 vs...
April 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Moncef Sellami, Sarhan Feki, Zied Triki, Jamil Zghal, Imen Zouche, Boutheina Hammami, Ilhem Charfeddine, Mohamed Chaari, Abdelmonem Ghorbel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We conducted a prospective double-blind randomized study assessing bupivacaine end-of-surgery wound infiltration for pain relief in thyroid surgery. METHODS: Patients were randomly divided into two groups: Group S, local wound infiltration with saline solution; Group B, bupivacaine 0.5% was administered. Pain perception was measured using visual analogue scale (VAS) during post-anaesthetic care unit (PACU) stay every 10 min and during the 24 postoperative hours admission at 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 h after surgery...
March 13, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Xiao-Chun Mao, Chao Chen, Ke-Jing Wang
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety profiles of LigaSure™ small jaw instrument (LSJI) versus conventional technique in patients undergoing open thyroidectomy. METHODS: This single-center, prospective, observational study conducted in Zhejiang Provincial Cancer Hospital enrolled patients who underwent thyroidectomy between September 2013 and September 2014. The primary study outcomes included determination of blood loss, operative duration, length of hospital stay, and drainage volume...
March 13, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
P F Alesina, B Meier, J Hinrichs, W Mohmand, M K Walz
PURPOSE: Visualization and precise dissection of the parathyroid glands are a crucial step of thyroidectomy. Moreover, identification of parathyroid adenoma in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism can be challenging due to the possible abnormal location of the enlarged parathyroid. Near-infrared fluorescence (NIR) can be adopted during video-assisted neck surgery in addition to standard endoscopic magnification to enhance the visualization of the parathyroid tissue. METHODS: Between July and August 2017, five patients (one male, four females) underwent video-assisted neck surgery at our hospital...
March 13, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
R Schneider, A Machens, C Sekulla, K Lorenz, F Weber, H Dralle
BACKGROUND: There are few data on intermittent and continuous intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) during thyroidectomy in children. METHODS: All children aged 18 years or younger who had standard thyroid operations using intermittent or continuous IONM between January 1998 and December 2016 were included in the study. The impact of age and type of IONM on basal amplitude, latency and complications after thyroidectomy were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 504 children were included in the study...
March 13, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
Yang Guang, Yu-Kun Luo, Yan Zhang, Ming-Bo Zhang, Nan Li, Ying Zhang, Jie Tang
Objective To assess the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for nonsurgical treatment of metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) in the neck from papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods Totally 45 PTC patients who had been treated with total thyroidectomy and radioiodine therapy were enrolled in this retrospective study. A total of 71 metastatic LNs in the neck from PTC were confirmed by percutaneous biopsy. Follow-up consisted of conventional ultrasound,contrast-enhanced ultrasound,and thyroglobulin (Tg) measurement 1,3 and 6 months after RFA and then every 6 months...
February 28, 2018: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Harry H Ching, Jacob B Kahane, Megan J Foggia, Annabel E Barber, Robert C Wang
BACKGROUND: Resection of massive goiters with suprahyoid, retropharyngeal, and substernal extension may not be amenable to standard approaches. This study evaluates a surgical approach allowing resection of massive goiters with minimal substernal and deep neck dissection. METHODS: Cases of thyroidectomy for goiters with substernal, retropharyngeal, or suprahyoid extension at a single institution from 2006 to 2017 were reviewed. The technique involves initial complete division of the medial thyroid tracheal attachments after identification of the RLN medial-inferiorly or superiorly...
March 12, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
S Muthukumar, K Ravikumar, S Dhalapathy, T Gomathy, S Umadevi, D Maruthupandian
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular dysfunction (CVD) is a well-recognized complication in patients with hyperthyroidism and is the major cause of mortality. Very few studies have compared the outcome of CVD following different treatment modalities. In this study we intended to compare treatment modalities (antithyroid drugs vs surgery) for reversal of CVD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with newly detected hyperthyroidism were grouped into, Group I [n = 123, age <60 years, undergoing total thyroidectomy], Group II [n = 42, age <60 years, treated with antithyroid medications] were evaluated with 2D echocardiography, serum N terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) at the time of diagnosis (Point A), after achieving euthyroidism (Point B) with antithyroid drugs and 6 months after surgery/continuation of antithyroid medications (Point C)...
March 12, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
W L Craig, L Smart, S Fielding, C Ramsay, Z H Krukowski
OBJECTIVE: To establish the long term outcomes of risk stratified management of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). BACKGROUND: Guidelines for management of DTC lack a strong evidence base and expose patients to overtreatment. This prospective study of patients diagnosed with DTC between 1977 and 2012 describes the long term outcomes of a conservative risk stratified (AMES) management policy. METHODS: Outcomes were analysed around patient and tumour characteristics, primary intervention (surgery ± radioiodine (RAI)), in terms of mortality, recurrence and reintervention...
March 8, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Brittany N Krekeler, Elizabeth Wendt, Cameron Macdonald, Jason Orne, David O Francis, Rebecca Sippel, Nadine P Connor
Importance: It is important that clinicians understand consequences of thyoridectomy on swallowing from the patient perspective to better care for this population. Objective: Using rigorous qualitative methodology, this study set out to characterize the effect of swallowing-related symptoms after thyroidectomy on patient quality of life and swallowing-related outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective, grounded theory analysis of interviews with 26 patients at 3 time points after thyroidectomy (2 weeks, 6 weeks, and 6 months) Data were collected from an ongoing clinical trial (NCT02138214), and outpatient interviews were conducted at the University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics...
March 8, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Yeon-Hee Han, Hwan-Jeong Jeong, Myung-Hee Sohn, Sun Y Lee, Seok T Lim
BACKGROUND: An elevated thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level is essential for the uptake of radioiodine into thyroid remnants and residual thyroid cancer in patients undergoing high-dose radioiodine therapy (HD-RIT). Recently, the use of recombinant human thyroid stimulating hormone (rh- TSH) has increased in preference over the conventional method of thyroid hormone withdrawal (THW). However, the clinical influences of the two methods, aside from the therapeutic effects, have not been widely evaluated...
March 8, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Trevor E Angell, Chirag M Vyas, Justine A Barletta, Edmund S Cibas, Nancy L Cho, Gerard M Doherty, Atul A Gawande, Brooke E Howitt, Jeffrey F Krane, Ellen Marqusee, Kyle C Strickland, Erik K Alexander, Francis D Moore, Matthew A Nehs
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic hemithyroidectomy (HT) is the most widely recommended surgical procedure for a nodule with indeterminate cytology; however, additional details may make initial total thyroidectomy (TT) preferable. We sought to identify patient-specific factors (PSFs) associated with initial TT in patients with indeterminate thyroid nodules. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients with a thyroid nodule ≥ 1 cm and initial cytology of atypia of undetermined significance or suspicious for follicular neoplasm between 2012 and 2015 who underwent thyroidectomy...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Mohamed A Adam, Samantha Thomas, Linda Youngwirth, Terry Hyslop, Shelby D Reed, Randall P Scheri, Sanziana A Roman, Julie A Sosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of Surgery
Hui Jin, Huanhuan Yan, Huamei Tang, Miao Zheng, Chaojie Wu, Jun Liu
An 18-year-old female diagnosed finally as PTC with intrathyroid spread was reported, and the diagnosis and surgical treatment of internal spreading of PTC were discussed. One lump was found on the thyroid isthmus by physical examination and B ultrasound, and multiple nodular shadows were found by CT. This patient finally underwent total thyroidectomy with bilateral central node dissection due to multifocal papillary thyroid carcinoma except PTC in the isthmus found in right lobe by intraoperative frozen section...
2018: Case Reports in Endocrinology
Reiko Kimura-Tsuchiya, Eisaku Sasaki, Izumi Nakamura, Satoshi Suzuki, Satoshi Kawana, Chiyo Okouchi, Toshihiko Fukushima, Yuko Hashimoto, Shinichi Suzuki, Shigehira Saji
Lenvatinib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1, 2, and 3, fibroblast growth factor receptors 1 through 4, as well as platelet-derived growth factor receptor α, RET, and KIT. At present, lenvatinib is used in the treatment of thyroid cancer and renal cell carcinoma. We herein report a case of a 67-year-old patient with squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary who was effectively treated with lenvatinib. The patient was initially diagnosed as having undifferentiated thyroid cancer, and after total thyroidectomy and bilateral lymph node dissection, lenvatinib was administered for the treatment of residual lymph node metastasis...
January 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
Jonathan W Serpell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Fatema Alzahraa Almohamad, Tareq Ahmad, Basel Ahmad, Khalid Hussain, Lama Hadid, Majdi Zein, Mohamad Ahmad
Iodine has always been connected to thyroid gland, and the fact that thyroid tissue traps, organificates and stores iodine more than other tissues is well known, hence the use of radioiodine as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool for thyroid disorders. However, false-positive cases do occur. We present a case of a 34-year-old patient who underwent total thyroidectomy for papillary carcinoma. Results of follow up TSH, thyroglobulin and thyroglobulin antibody tests after surgery lead to two rounds of radioactive iodine...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
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