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Cholelithiasis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331004/cholecystectomy-for-gall-stones-in-26-months-old-child
#1
Junaid Zeb, Shawana Asad, Irfanud Din Khattak, Mubashir Hussain
Cholelithiasis is a major cause of morbidity worldwide. The incidence of gall stone in children in Pakistan has not been sufficiently studied and is increasingly being detected: the reason may be a true rise in the incidence or an improvement in diagnosis due to liberal use of diagnostic facilities and thus the increased opportunity to detect disease. A healthy 2 years and 2 months old male child presented to outpatient with history of recurrent attacks of pain abdomen and anorexia. Ultrasonography showed a 0...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320323/multimodality-imaging-including-dual-energy-ct-in-the-evaluation-of-gallbladder-disease
#2
Lisa Ratanaprasatporn, Jennifer W Uyeda, Jeremy R Wortman, Ian Richardson, Aaron D Sodickson
Imaging of the gallbladder has a key role in the examination of patients with abdominal pain-especially pain localized to the right upper quadrant. Pathologic conditions that affect the gallbladder include cholelithiasis and associated complications such as acute and chronic cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis, gallstone pancreatitis, and cancer. Modalities used to image the gallbladder include ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and nuclear scintigraphy. US is the primary imaging modality used to evaluate entities suspected of being gallbladder disease, as it is both sensitive and specific for demonstrating gallstones, biliary duct dilatation, and inflammatory features...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317947/esophageal-granular-cell-tumor-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Emmanuel Ofori, Daryl Ramai, Ying X Lui, Madhavi Reddy
Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are rare and benign tumors that can occur at any anatomical site. GCTs are thought to originate from nerve cells, particularly Schwann cells. Their name derives from the fact that an accumulation of cytoplasmic lysosomes imparts the tumor with a granular appearance. They are most commonly observed in the oral cavity, skin and subcutaneous tissue, breast, and respiratory tract. GCTs rarely affect the gastrointestinal tract. We report a 56-year-old female with a medical history of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C, and cholelithiasis, who presented with abdominal pain...
December 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301452/ultrasound-characteristics-and-outcome-of-prenatally-diagnosed-fetal-cholelithiasis
#4
Assaad Kesrouani, Nadine Nassif, Bernard Nasr, Elie Choueiry, M D Gihad Chalouhi
We report a small case series of prenatally diagnosed fetal cholelithiasis. After a review of the literature, we discuss ultrasound features, workup and prognosis of prenatally diagnosed fetal gallstones.
January 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242416/etiology-and-outcome-of-cholelithiasis-in-turkish-children
#5
Maşallah Baran, Yeliz Çağan Appak, Gökhan Tümgör, Miray Karakoyun, Tunç Özdemir, Gökhan Köylüoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the etiology of gallstones in children and responses to ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) treatment. METHODS: 74 children with cholelithiasis were recruited, and underwent ultrasonography to detect gallstones. All relevant clinical information was recorded in a structured proforma. RESULTS: The commonest risk factor was a family history of gallstones. Most children responded to UDCA treatment in the first six months; children with hemolytic diseases showed no response to UDCA...
December 14, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225990/cholecystectomy-of-an-intrahepatic-gallbladder-in-an-ectopic-pelvic-liver-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Rachel Mathis, Joshua Stodghill, Timothy Shaver, George Younan
Introduction: Ectopic pelvic liver is an exceedingly rare condition usually resulting after repair of congenital abdominal wall defects. Intrahepatic gallbladder is another rare condition predisposing patients to cholelithiasis and its sequelae. We describe a cholecystectomy in a patient with an intrahepatic gallbladder in a pelvic ectopic liver. Presentation of Case: A 33-year-old woman with a history of omphalocele repair as an infant presented with signs and symptoms of symptomatic cholelithiasis and chronic cholecystitis, however, in an unusual location...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225328/gallbladder-hypoplasia-a-congenital-abnormality-of-the-gallbladder-a-case-report
#7
Christophoros S Kosmidis, Georgios D Koimtzis, Maria S Kosmidou, Fotini Ieridou, Triantafyllia Koletsa, Katerina T Zarampouka, Eleni Georgakoudi, Isaac Kesisoglou
BACKGROUND There are different variations in the anatomy of the gallbladder. Congenital abnormalities of the gallbladder such as agenesis and hypoplasia are rare conditions and difficult to diagnose with imaging studies. Patients are usually asymptomatic or have symptoms that mimic gallstone disease. The diagnosis is often made intraoperatively and is established by histopathological examination. CASE REPORT We report a case of a 62-year-old male who had cholelithiasis symptoms and was falsely diagnosed with gallstone disease by abdominal ultrasound scan...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224843/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-preoperative-education-in-ambulatory-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-trial
#8
Helena Subirana Magdaleno, Aleidis Caro Tarragó, Carles Olona Casas, Alba Díaz Padillo, Mario Franco Chacón, Jordi Vadillo Bargalló, Judit Saludes Serra, Rosa Jorba Martín
INTRODUCTION: Outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe procedure and provides a better use of health resources and perceived satisfaction without affecting quality of care. Preoperative education has shown less postoperative stress, pain and nausea in some interventions. The principal objective of this study is to assess the impact of preoperative education on postoperative pain in patients undergoing ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Secondary objectives were: to evaluate presence of nausea, morbidity, hospital admissions, readmissions rate, quality of life and satisfaction...
December 7, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217907/synchronous-breast-cancer-and-gallbladder-diseases-a-chromosomal-analysis-a-pilot-study-at-a-tertiary-care-centre
#9
Devendra Chaudhary, Rahul Ahluwalia, Arvind Rai
Out of a total of 50 study-eligible patients, 15 patients were found to have synchronous breast cancer and gallbladder diseases. Fourteen such patients had breast cancer and cholelithiasis while 1 patient had breast cancer with gallbladder cancer. Amongst these 15 patients, 7 patients tested positive for chromosomal aberrations on karyotyping. Aberrations in these patients were seen on chromosomes 13 and 17 with 2 patients having deletion 13q, 2 having deletion 17q, and 2 having deletions on 17p while one patient had multiple deletions on chromosomes 13q and 17p...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207761/foreign-body-aspiration-an-unusual-presentation-and-outcome
#10
Surabhi Jaggi, Anuj Kumar, Kranti Garg, Deepak Aggarwal, Reetu Kundu
Foreign body aspiration mostly presents as acute emergency with cough, choking and dyspnoea. Rarely aspiration of foreign body may be the underlying cause in patients presenting with long term symptomatologies. Here is a case of 60-year-old male who came for surgical management of cholelithiasis. During his workup, X-ray chest revealed right paracardiac opacity. Fibre-optic bronchoscopy showed a mass lesion in right main bronchus. It was taken out of the airways by flexible bronchoscope but could not be retrieved...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203989/strategies-for-differentiating-gallbladder-carcinoma-from-xanthogranulomatous-cholecystitis-a-tertiary-care-centre-experience
#11
Rajaguru Kishore, Samiran Nundy, Siddharth Mehrotra, Naimish Metha, Vivek Mangla, Shailendra Lalwani
Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) is an uncommon variant of chronic cholecystitis, characterized by focal or diffuse destructive inflammatory process. The importance of XGC is that it mimics gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) both preoperatively and intra-operatively, since it can present with pericholecystic infiltration, hepatic involvement and lymphadenopathy. As a result of this misdiagnosis which is not infrequent, the patient may need to undergo an unnecessary radical cholecystectomy rather than only a cholecystectomy which is associated with greater morbidity and mortality...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192546/drip-infusion-cholangiography-with-ct-in-cats
#12
Toshiyuki Tanaka, Hideo Akiyoshi, Keiichiro Mie, Hitoshi Shimazaki, Fumihito Ohashi
Objectives Ultrasonography can detect extrahepatic biliary obstructions. However, visualisation of part of the bile duct using ultrasonography can be technically difficult if there is overlying bowel gas. This study investigated the safety and value of drip infusion cholangiography with computed tomography (DIC-CT) in the visualisation of the bile duct in healthy cats and extrahepatic biliary obstruction in cats with cholelithiasis. Methods DIC-CT was performed in three healthy cats and two cats with cholelithiasis...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183918/factors-associated-with-documentation-of-obesity-in-the-inpatient-setting
#13
Michelle Katzow, Peter Homel, Kyung Rhee
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is rarely identified in hospitalized pediatric patients despite the high prevalence of obesity and potential for associated morbidity. The purpose of this study was to identify specific patient characteristics associated with the documentation of obesity and related weight management recommendations in the inpatient setting. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was conducted on all pediatric patients ages 2 to 18 years old and discharged between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2014, to determine the following: (1) if obesity was noted in the clinical documentation of those with a BMI ≥95th percentile; and (2) if those with documented obesity had evidence of an obesity-specific management plan...
December 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173873/preoperative-factors-associated-with-technical-difficulties-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-acute-cholecystitis
#14
Y E Izquierdo, N E Díaz Díaz, N Muñoz, O E Guzmán, I Contreras Bustos, J S Gutiérrez
OBJECTIVE: To identify preoperative factors associated with surgical time and conversion of the laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) to open surgery in subjects with acute cholecystitis (AC). METHOD: We developed a cross-sectional study that included 99 subjects older than 17 years with definitive diagnosis of AC who had undergone to LC. Preoperative variables such as clinical data, laboratory markers and ultrasound findings as wall thickness, the size of the major calculus and the presence of: perivesicular fluid, multiple cholelithiasis, biliary mud or microlithiasis were registered...
November 21, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162442/utility-of-common-bile-duct-measurement-in-emergency-department-point-of-care-ultrasound-a-prospective-study
#15
Shadi Lahham, Brent A Becker, Abdulatif Gari, Steven Bunch, Maili Alvarado, Craig L Anderson, Eric Viquez, Sophia C Spann, John C Fox
BACKGROUND: Measurement of the common bile duct (CBD) is considered a fundamental component of biliary point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS), but can be technically challenging. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine whether CBD diameter contributes to the diagnosis of complicated biliary pathology in emergency department (ED) patients with normal laboratory values and no abnormal biliary POCUS findings aside from cholelithiasis. METHODS: We performed a prospective, observational study of adult ED patients undergoing POCUS of the right upper quadrant (RUQ) and serum laboratory studies for suspected biliary pathology...
November 18, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160375/comparative-study-of-respiratory-muscle-strength-in-women-undergoing-conventional-and-single-port-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#16
Marisa de Carvalho Borges, Tharsus Dias Takeuti, Júverson Alves Terra, Alex Augusto da Silva, Eduardo Crema
PURPOSE: To evaluate respiratory muscle strength (PImax and PEmax) before and 24 and 48 h after conventional and single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Forty women with symptomatic cholelithiasis (18 to 70 years) participated in the study. The patients were divided into two groups: 21 patients undergoing conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 19 patients undergoing single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Differences were considered to be significant when p<0...
October 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133302/don-t-put-off-until-tomorrow-what-you-can-do-today-early-cholecystectomy-is-cost-effective-in-symptomatic-cholelithiasis-requiring-hospitalization
#17
REVIEW
Charles de Mestral
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132116/the-outcome-of-laparoscopic-subtotal-cholecystectomy-in-difficult-cases-a-case-series
#18
Caroline Supit, Tommy Supit, Yarman Mazni, Ibrahim Basir
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (LSC) is a widely used technique for managing cholelithiasis with severe cholecystitis. The increasing popularity its utilization is due to the good safety profile and acceptable results. This case series evaluates the short- and long-term results of Indonesian patients who underwent LSC with an objective to determine whether the procedure can be a standard approach for difficult cholecystectomy in our institution. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Thirty-four Indonesian patients (26 men, 8 women) with the mean age of 54...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117662/acute-gallbladder-torsion-with-gangrene-and-cholelithiasis-%C3%A2-a-rare-condition
#19
Leon Kunišek, Miodrag Gudelj, Marko Zelić, Dorian Kršul, Juraj Kunišek
We report a case of a 75-year-old female with acute torsion of the gallbladder with gangrene and cholelithiasis. On admission, the patient underwent physical examination, laboratory blood analysis, abdominal ultrasound and plain abdominal x-ray. Due to the signs of acute abdomen and poor general condition of the patient, urgent surgical procedure was indicated. Intraoperatively, the gallbladder was found to be greatly enlarged, gangrenous and greatly distended with 360° clockwise torsion around its mesentery...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116540/long-term-safety-of-long-acting-octreotide-in-patients-with-diabetic-retinopathy-results-of-pooled-data-from-2-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-3-studies
#20
Rosario Pivonello, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Geoffrey Holder, Michaela Paul, Severine Sarp, Anastasia Lesogor, Pierre Jordaan, Johannes Eisinger, Annamaria Colao
PURPOSE: Octreotide (OCT) has been successfully used for treatment of acromegaly and neuroendocrine tumors for more than 30 years. However, long-term safety of OCT has not been documented in placebo-controlled setting. This present analysis pooled safety data from two similarly-designed, randomized, and placebo-controlled studies to evaluate long-term safety of long-acting OCT (20, 30 mg); targeted post-hoc analyzes focused on cardiac, hepatic, and renal safety. METHODS: Two studies (NCT00131144, NCT001308450) were conducted in patients with diabetic retinopathy (OCT20 = 191, OCT30 = 348, placebo = 347)...
November 7, 2017: Endocrine
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