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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742992/utilizing-secondary-agricultural-education-programs-to-deliver-evidence-based-grain-safety-training-for-young-and-beginning-workers
#1
Yuan-Hsin Cheng, William E Field, Roger L Tormoehlen, Brian F French
Purdue University's Agricultural Safety and Health Program (PUASHP) has collaborated with secondary agricultural education programs, including FFA Chapters, for over 70 years to deliver and promote agricultural safety and health programming. With support from a U.S. Department of Labor Susan Harwood Program grant, PUASHP utilized a Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process to develop, implement, and evaluate an evidence-based curriculum for use with young and beginning workers, ages 16-20, exposed to hazards associated with grain storage and handling...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741747/defending-the-scientific-integrity-of-conservation-policy-processes
#2
Carlos Carroll, Brett Hartl, Gretchen T Goldman, Daniel J Rohlf, Adrian Treves, Jeremy T Kerr, Euan G Ritchie, Richard T Kingsford, Katherine E Gibbs, Martine Maron, James E M Watson
Government agencies faced with politically controversial decisions often discount or ignore scientific information, whether from agency staff or nongovernmental scientists. Recent developments in scientific integrity (the ability to perform, use, communicate, and publish science free from censorship or political interference) in Canada, Australia, and the United States demonstrate a similar trajectory. A perceived increase in scientific-integrity abuses provokes concerted pressure by the scientific community, leading to efforts to improve scientific-integrity protections under a new administration...
July 25, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741153/recovery-of-acl-function-after-dynamic-intraligamentary-stabilization-is-resultant-to-restoration-of-acl-integrity-and-scar-tissue-formation
#3
Atesch Ateschrang, Sufian S Ahmad, Ulrich Stöckle, Steffen Schroeter, Willem Schenk, Marc Daniel Ahrend
PURPOSE: Dynamic intraligamentary stabilization (DIS) is recognized as a ligament preserving technique for the treatment of acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. The aim of this study was to assess the integrity and morphology of the recovered ACL after DIS repair. METHODS: The cohort comprised 47 patients with an acute proximal ACL rupture undergoing DIS repair. All patients underwent diagnostic arthroscopy after a minimum postoperative interval of 6 months for semi-quantitative evaluation of ACL integrity, function and scar tissue formation...
July 24, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740499/multi-omics-and-integrated-network-analyses-reveal-new-insights-into-the-systems-relationships-between-metabolites-structural-genes-and-transcriptional-regulators-in-developing-grape-berries-vitis-vinifera-l-exposed-to-water-deficit
#4
Stefania Savoi, Darren C J Wong, Asfaw Degu, Jose C Herrera, Barbara Bucchetti, Enrico Peterlunger, Aaron Fait, Fulvio Mattivi, Simone D Castellarin
Grapes are one of the major fruit crops and they are cultivated in many dry environments. This study comprehensively characterizes the metabolic response of grape berries exposed to water deficit at different developmental stages. Increases of proline, branched-chain amino acids, phenylpropanoids, anthocyanins, and free volatile organic compounds have been previously observed in grape berries exposed to water deficit. Integrating RNA-sequencing analysis of the transcriptome with large-scale analysis of central and specialized metabolites, we reveal that these increases occur via a coordinated regulation of key structural pathway genes...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739148/food-insecurity-and-adult-overweight-obesity-gender-and-race-ethnic-disparities
#5
Daphne C Hernandez, Layton M Reesor, Rosenda Murillo
The majority of the food insecurity-obesity research has indicated a positive association among women, especially minority women. Less research has been conducted on men, and the findings are inconsistent. The aim was to assess whether gender and race/ethnic disparities exists between the food insecurity and overweight/obesity relationship among adults ages 18-59. We used the cross-sectional 2011 and 2012 National Health Interview Survey data (N = 19,990). Three or more affirmative responses on the 10-item USDA Food Security Scale indicated food insecure experiences...
July 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737914/dft-study-on-the-complexation-of-nota-as-a-bifunctional-chelator-with-radiometal-ions
#6
Fatima Y Adeowo, Bahareh Honarparvar, Adam A Skelton
1,4,7 triazacyclononane-1,4,7 triacetic acid (NOTA) is a key bifunctional chelator utilized for the complexation of metal ions in radiopharmaceutical applications; the ability of these chelators depends on the strength of their binding with ions. The focus of the present work is to evaluate the complexation of Cu2+, Ga3+, Sc3+ and In3+ radiometal ions with NOTA using density functional theory (B3LYP functional) and 6-311+G(2d,2p)/DGDZVP basis sets. The significant role of ion-water interactions in the chelation interaction energies in solution reflects the competition between ion-water and NOTA-ion interaction in the chelation process...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736892/anger-can-help-a-transactional-model-and-three-pathways-of-the-experience-and-expression-of-anger
#7
Mark H Butler, Kierea C Meloy-Miller, Ryan B Seedall, J Logan Dicus
Anger is a significant human emotion with far-reaching implications for individuals and relationships. We propose a transactional model of anger that highlights its relational relevance and potentially positive function, in addition to problematic malformations. By evolutionary design, physical, self-concept, or attachment threats all similarly trigger diffuse physiological arousal, psychologically experienced as anger-emotion. Anger is first a signaling and motivational system. Anger is then formed to affirming, productive use or malformed to destructive ends...
July 23, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735645/psychiatric-consultation-in-the-collaborative-care-model-the-bipolar-sieve-effect
#8
James R Phelps, James James
Around the world, psychiatrists are in exceptionally short supply. The majority of mental health treatment is delivered in primary care. In the United States, the Collaborative Care Model (CCM) addresses the shortfall of psychiatrists by providing indirect consultation in primary care. A Cochrane meta-analysis affirms the efficacy this model for depression and anxiety. However, our experience with the CCM suggests that most patients referred for consultation have problems far more complex than simple depression and anxiety...
August 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734838/expression-purification-and-characterization-of-sll1981-protein-from-cyanobacterium-synechocystis-sp-pcc6803
#9
Xiaoqin Wang, Guofeng Lei, Xiaoyu Wu, Fei Wang, Chongde Lai, Zhimin Li
The sll1981 protein from cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 had been reported to exhibit acetolactate synthase (ALS) and L-myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase (MIPS) activities previously. Based on amino acids sequences alignment, sll1981 protein was postulated to function as α-ketoglutarate decarboxylase (α-KGD), which played important role in completing cyanobacterial tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. However the detailed enzymatic kinetics of sll1981 as ALS, MIPS and α-KGD were not determined yet. In this study, the recombinant sll1981 protein was purified from supernatant of E...
July 19, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734112/fused-multivariate-empirical-mode-decomposition-memd-and-inverse-solution-method-for-eeg-source-localization
#10
Pegah Khosropanah, Abdul Rahman Ramli, Kheng Seang Lim, Mohammad Hamiruce Marhaban, Anvarjon Ahmedov
EEG source localization is determining possible cortical sources of brain activities with scalp EEG. Generally, every step of the data processing sequence affects the accuracy of EEG source localization. In this paper, we introduce a fused multivariate empirical mode decomposing (MEMD) and inverse solution algorithm with an embedded unsupervised eye blink remover in order to localize the epileptogenic zone accurately. For this purpose, we constructed realistic forward models using MRI and boundary element method (BEM) for each patient to obtain results that are more realistic...
July 22, 2017: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733011/rapid-preparation-of-high-electrochemical-performance-lifepo4-c-composite-cathode-material-with-an-ultrasonic-intensified-micro-impinging-jetting-reactor
#11
Bin Dong, Xiani Huang, Xiaogang Yang, Guang Li, Lan Xia, George Chen
A joint chemical reactor system referred to as an ultrasonic-intensified micro-impinging jetting reactor (UIJR), which possesses the feature of fast micro-mixing, was proposed and has been employed for rapid preparation of FePO4 particles that are amalgamated by nanoscale primary crystals. As one of the important precursors for the fabrication of lithium iron phosphate cathode, the properties of FePO4 nano particles significantly affect the performance of the lithium iron phosphate cathode. Thus, the effects of joint use of impinging stream and ultrasonic irradiation on the formation of mesoporous structure of FePO4 nano precursor particles and the electrochemical properties of amalgamated LiFePO4/C have been investigated...
November 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732963/ultrasonic-assisted-synthesis-of-znte-nanostructures-and-their-structural-electrochemical-and-photoelectrical-properties
#12
P Ilanchezhiyan, G Mohan Kumar, Fu Xiao, S Poongothai, A Madhan Kumar, C Siva, Sh U Yuldashev, D J Lee, Y H Kwon, T W Kang
Colloidal zinc telluride (ZnTe) nanostructures were successfully processed through a simple and facile ultrasonic (sonochemical) treatment for photoelectronic applications. The particle-like morphological features, phase and nature of valence state of various metal ions existing in ZnTe were examined using electron and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic tools. Raman spectroscopic measurements revealed the dominance of exciton-phonon coupling and occurrence of TeO2 traces in ZnTe through the corresponding vibrations...
November 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731749/computational-power-of-symmetry-protected-topological-phases
#13
David T Stephen, Dong-Sheng Wang, Abhishodh Prakash, Tzu-Chieh Wei, Robert Raussendorf
We consider ground states of quantum spin chains with symmetry-protected topological (SPT) order as resources for measurement-based quantum computation (MBQC). We show that, for a wide range of SPT phases, the computational power of ground states is uniform throughout each phase. This computational power, defined as the Lie group of executable gates in MBQC, is determined by the same algebraic information that labels the SPT phase itself. We prove that these Lie groups always contain a full set of single-qubit gates, thereby affirming the long-standing conjecture that general SPT phases can serve as computationally useful phases of matter...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731043/gastroblastoma-harbors-a-recurrent-somatic-malat1-gli1-fusion-gene
#14
Rondell P Graham, Asha A Nair, Jaime I Davila, Long Jin, Jin Jen, William R Sukov, Tsung-Teh Wu, Henry D Appelman, Jorge Torres-Mora, Kyle D Perry, Lizhi Zhang, Sara M Kloft-Nelson, Ryan A Knudson, Patricia T Greipp, Andrew L Folpe
Gastroblastoma is a rare distinctive biphasic tumor of the stomach. The molecular biology of gastroblastoma has not been studied, and no affirmative diagnostic markers have been developed. We retrieved two gastroblastomas from the consultation practices of the authors and performed transcriptome sequencing on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue. Recurrent predicted fusion genes were validated at genomic and RNA levels. The presence of the fusion gene was confirmed on two additional paraffin-embedded cases of gastroblastoma...
July 21, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727818/prep-in-italy-the-time-may-be-ripe-but-who-s-paying-the-bill-a-nationwide-survey-on-physicians-attitudes-towards-using-antiretrovirals-to-prevent-hiv-infection
#15
Antonio Di Biagio, Niccolò Riccardi, Alessio Signori, Renato Maserati, Silvia Nozza, Andrea Gori, Stefano Bonora, Marco Borderi, Diego Ripamonti, Maria Cristina Rossi, Giancarlo Orofino, Tiziana Quirino, Giuseppe Nunnari, Benedetto Maurizio Celesia, Salvatore Martini, Caterina Sagnelli, Giovanni Mazzola, Pietro Colletti, Dario Bartolozzi, Teresa Bini, Nicoletta Ladisa, Filippo Castelnuovo, Annalisa Saracino, Sergio Lo Caputo
Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of the oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with tenofovir (with or without emtricitabine) on preventing HIV-negative partners of HIV infected patients to become infected through sexual contacts. PrEP is already available in the United States and now is approved by European Medicine Agency. In this setting we would like to gauge physicians' knowledge, acquaintance with and attitude to include PrEP in their clinical practice. A cross sectional survey was conducted among Italian physicians expert on antiretroviral therapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727508/collective-stories-of-exercise-making-sense-of-gym-experiences-with-disabled-peers
#16
Emma V Richardson, Brett Smith, Anthony Papathomas
Using a dialogical narrative approach, we explored how disabled people made sense of their gym experiences as part of a peer group. Interviews were conducted with 18 disabled people (10 men and 8 women, aged 23-60) who had experience exercising in the gym as part of a group. Data were rigorously analyzed using a dialogical narrative analysis. Within their peer group, participants crafted a collective story that they used to resist disablism in the gym. The dialogical components of the collective story functioned to (a) validate participants' experiences of oppression in the gym, (b) forge an unspoken understanding with peers, (c) craft a more affirmative identity, and (d) instill a sense of empowerment in participants so that they can tell their own story...
July 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726178/being-of-two-minds-assessing-vacillating-and-simultaneous-ambivalence-with-the-density-matrix
#17
James Camparo, Lorinda B Camparo
Ambivalence is a common experience that permeates a broad range of research. Unfortunately, quantifying ambivalence has proven a daunting task, with researchers limited to studying vacillating ambivalence, VA (i.e., temporal oscillations between favor/disfavor evaluations of an attitude object). Here, we demonstrate the use of the density matrix to measure both VA and what we term "simultaneous ambivalence" (SA): ambivalence that manifests itself as "in the moment" concurrent favor/disfavor evaluations. In a methodological study we gave participants the option of either single-responding or double-responding to questionnaire items regarding a controversial topic (i...
July 19, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725144/comparative-study-of-antioxidant-activity-and-validated-rp-hptlc-analysis-of-rutin-in-the-leaves-of-different-acacia-species-grown-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Perwez Alam, Mohamed F Alajmi, Ahmed H Arbab, Mohammad K Parvez, Nasir A Siddiqui, Saleh I Alqasoumi, Adnan J Al-Rehaily, Mohammed S Al-Dosari, Omer A Basudan
The present study assessed the comparative antioxidant potential of the ethanol extract (EE) of leaves of four Acacia species (Acacia salicina, AS; Acacia laeta, AL; Acacia hamulosa AH; and Acacia tortilis, AT) grown in Saudi Arabia, including RP-HPTLC quantification of antioxidant biomarker rutin. In vitro DPPH radical scavenging and β-carotene-linoleic acid bleaching assays showed the promising antioxidant activities of Acacia extracts: ASEE (IC50: 60.39 and 324.65 μg/ml) >ALEE (IC50: 217.06 and 423...
July 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724429/the-noncoding-rna-hoxd-as1-is-a-critical-regulator-of-the-metastasis-and-apoptosis-phenotype-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Shan Lu, Jiansheng Zhou, Yimin Sun, Nan Li, Mingyong Miao, Binghua Jiao, Huan Chen
BACKGROUND: Despite accumulating evidence that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are associated with cancer development in multiple types of cancer, the biological roles of many lncRNAs in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasis have not been well characterized. METHODS: A lncRNA+ mRNA human gene expression microarray analysis was used to identify differentially expressed lncRNAs in metastatic HCC tissues compared to non-metastatic tissue. RESULTS: We observed remarkable overexpression of HOXD-AS1 in metastatic cancer tissues...
July 19, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724009/the-dialog-between-health-and-foreign-policy-in-brazilian-cooperation-in-human-milk-banks
#20
Tiago Mocellin Pittas, Clarissa Franzoi Dri
Mother's milk is the primary source of nourishment in early infancy. When this source is unavailable, secondary sources may be used, such as human milk banks. The first milk bank in Brazil was created in 1943, and they have been used ever since. A national model was developed through a number of phases, culminating in the Brazilian Network of Human Milk Banks. This gave rise to a number of international cooperation projects, with the Brazilian model particularly relevant for developing nations. The main objective of this analysis is to understand what drives Brazil to promote milk banks internationally...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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