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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646878/achieving-sustainability-in-health-information-systems-a-field-tested-measure-of-country-ownership
#1
Stephanie Watson-Grant, Khou Xiong, James C Thomas
BACKGROUND: A country will trust, value, and use, its health information system (HIS) to the extent it has had a role in its creation and maintenance. A sense of ownership contributes in turn to the long-term sustainability of the HIS, and thus the country's ability to monitor and evaluate population health and health services. To facilitate progress toward greater ownership, we developed and tested a tool to measure the country's ownership of its monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system...
June 24, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645212/google-searches-for-cheap-cigarettes-spike-at-tax-increases-evidence-from-an-algorithm-to-detect-spikes-in-time-series-data
#2
Theodore L Caputi
Introduction: Online cigarette dealers have lower prices than brick-and-mortar retailers and advertise tax-free status 1-8. Previous studies show smokers search out these online alternatives at the time of a cigarette tax increase 9-10. However, these studies rely upon researchers' decision to consider a specific date and preclude the possibility that researchers focus on the wrong date. The purpose of this study is to introduce an unbiased methodology to the field of observing search patterns and to use this methodology to determine whether smokers search Google for "cheap cigarettes" at cigarette tax increases and, if so, whether the increased level of searches persists...
June 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644755/a-contemporary-examination-of-first-and-second-permanent-molar-emergence
#3
B T Pahel, W F Vann, K Divaris, R G Rozier
The emergence of first permanent molars (FPMs) and second permanent molars (SPMs) is an important developmental milestone influencing caries risk and the timing of sealant placement. Emergence times have been shown to vary by sex and race/ethnicity, while recent reports suggest a positive association with adiposity. Amid the changing demographics of the US population and the rising rates of pediatric overweight/obesity, we sought to examine the association of body mass index (BMI) with FPM/SPM emergence in a representative sample of US children and adolescents...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643448/post-conditioning-with-metformin-attenuates-apoptotic-events-in-cardiomyoblasts-associated-with-ischemic-reperfusion-injury
#4
Rajesh Ramachandran, Mini S
Ischemic post-conditioning is considered as a potent method to combat ischemic reperfusion injury than pre-conditioning since the latter is non predictive and risky. Rapid initiation of reperfusion with potent anti oxidant compound can be one of the most effective treatments to reduce the infract size and behavioural deficits as a result of ischemic insult. Apoptosis/Necrotic events undisputedly hold significant role in determining the fate of cardiomyocytes post ischemic injury but current studies are speculative regrading the role of post-conditioning in maintaining cellular homeostasis...
June 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643087/antioxidant-and-antiapoptotic-actions-of-selegiline-protect-against-3-np-induced-neurotoxicity-in-rats
#5
Sara A Wahdan, Mariane G Tadros, Amani E Khalifa
The present study was designed to investigate the neuroprotective effect of selegiline on 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP)-induced neurotoxicity. Selegiline was intraperitoneally injected at doses 2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg, 3 days prior to and continued daily, 30 min before 3-NP administration. 3-NP (20 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered for four consecutive days. 3-NP-treated rats exhibited PPI deficits, locomotor hypoactivity, increased striatal and cortical lipid peroxidation, and reduced respective glutathione (GSH) levels as well as catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities...
June 23, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639871/an-innovative-streaming-video-system-with-a-point-of-view-head-camera-transmission-of-surgeries-to-smartphones-and-tablets-an-educational-utility
#6
Rafael Oliveira Chaves, Pedro Armando Valente de Oliveira, Luciano Chaves Rocha, Joacy Pedro Franco David, Sanmari Costa Ferreira, Alex de Assis Santos Dos Santos, Rômulo Müller Dos Santos Melo, Edson Yuzur Yasojima, Marcus Vinicius Henriques Brito
PURPOSE: In order to engage medical students and residents from public health centers to utilize the telemedicine features of surgery on their own smartphones and tablets as an educational tool, an innovative streaming system was developed with the purpose of streaming live footage from open surgeries to smartphones and tablets, allowing the visualization of the surgical field from the surgeon's perspective. The current study aims to describe the results of an evaluation on level 1 of Kirkpatrick's Model for Evaluation of the streaming system usage during gynecological surgeries, based on the perception of medical students and gynecology residents...
June 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639486/estimated-prevalence-of-the-target-population-for-brain-computer-interface-neurotechnology-in-the-netherlands
#7
Elmar G M Pels, Erik J Aarnoutse, Nick F Ramsey, Mariska J Vansteensel
BACKGROUND: People who suffer from paralysis have difficulties participating in society. Particularly burdensome is the locked-in syndrome (LIS). LIS patients are not able to move and speak but are cognitively healthy. They rely on assistive technology to interact with the world and may benefit from neurotechnological advances. Optimal research and design of such aids requires a well-defined target population. However, the LIS population is poorly characterized and the number of patients in this condition is unknown...
June 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638803/peptide-nucleic-acid-knockdown-and-intra-host-cell-complementation-of-ehrlichia-type-iv-secretion-system-effector
#8
Pratibha Sharma, Omid Teymournejad, Yasuko Rikihisa
Survival of Ehrlichia chaffeensis depends on obligatory intracellular infection. One of the barriers to E. chaffeensis research progress has been the inability, using conventional techniques, to generate knock-out mutants for genes essential for intracellular infection. This study examined the use of Peptide Nucleic Acids (PNAs) technology to interrupt type IV secretion system (T4SS) effector protein expression in E. chaffeensis followed by intracellular complementation of the effector to determine its requirement for infection...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637610/an-exploration-of-how-positive-emotions-are-expressed-by-older-people-and-nurse-assistants-in-homecare-visits
#9
Lena Heyn, Lee Ellington, Hilde Eide
OBJECTIVE: We don´t know how positive emotions are being expressed by patients and health care providers in consultations. The aim of this study is to identify positive emotions expressed by older people and nurse assistants to discuss the function of these in the visits. METHOD: This paper presents secondary analysis of consultations in the COMHOME project. In this pilot study, six transcribed consultations between nurse assistants and older people in home health care were analysed using a coding system for positive emotions with seven categories capturing both content and emotional intensity of positive affect...
May 23, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637048/use-of-light-therapy-by-office-based-physicians
#10
Edda Winkler-Pjrek, Marie Spies, Pia Baldinger-Melich, Lisa Perkmann, Siegfried Kasper, Dietmar Winkler
BACKGROUND: Light therapy (LT) is a non-pharmacological biological treatment that has been used in psychiatry since the 1980s. Previous research has investigated the usage of LT in hospitals. The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of use of LT by office-based physicians. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent by mail to 400 randomly selected doctors in Austria. We made sure that the sample was equally representative of general practitioners (GPs) and psychiatrists, public health service doctors and private doctors, physicians in cities and in the country as well as male and female doctors...
June 22, 2017: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633820/green-synthesis-of-ag-cr-ac-nanocomposites-by-azadirachta-indica-and-its-application-for-the-simultaneous-removal-of-binary-mixture-of-dyes-by-ultrasonicated-assisted-adsorption-process-using-response-surface-methodology
#11
Muhammad Saad, Hajira Tahir, Duaa Ali
In the present studies the Ag-Cr-AC nanocomposites were synthesized by Azadirachta indica leaves extract. They were inoculated on the amorphous surface of activated carbon. The surface morphology and structural identification was determined by SEM, FTIR and XRD techniques. The simultaneous removal of binary dye system of Reactive Red and Crystal Violet were performed by ultrasonicated assisted adsorption process utilizing Ag-Cr-AC nanocomposites. Central Composite Design (CCD) having 5 factors of time, pH, amount of Ag-Cr-AC (adsorbent), concentrations of Reactive Red (RR) and Crystal Violet (CV) was employed...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632412/not-practicing-what-you-preach-religion-and-incongruence-between-pornography-beliefs-and-usage
#12
Samuel L Perry
Religious Americans, and conservative Protestants in particular, have historically been the most ardent opponents of pornography's production, dissemination, and use. Yet while religiously committed and theologically conservative Americans are generally less likely to view pornography than others, the difference is often not as great or consistent as one might suppose given their strong moral stance. Drawing on insights from religious incongruence theory, this study considered whether religious commitment and theological conservatism predicted a greater incongruence between what Americans say they believe about pornography morally and whether they actually watch it...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632195/towards-a-long-term-strategy-for-voluntary-based-internal-radiation-contamination-monitoring-representativeness-of-the-monitoring-results-in-fukushima-japan
#13
Shuhei Nomura, Masaharu Tsubokura, Michio Murakami, Kyoko Ono, Yoshitaka Nishikawa, Tomoyoshi Oikawa
Following Japan's 2011 Fukushima nuclear incident, voluntary participation, rather than mandatory, was adopted as the default scenario for individual radiation monitoring. We evaluated the representativeness of the internal monitoring results from voluntary participants in Minamisoma City, which is located 10-40 km from the Fukushima nuclear plant. Of approximately 70,000 individuals who were residing in Minamisoma City before the incident, a total of 19,263 residents (aged ≥21 years) participated in the monitoring from 1 October 2011 to 31 March 2015...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630877/male-partnered-sexual-minority-women-sexual-identity-disclosure-to-health-care-providers-during-the-perinatal-period
#14
Abbie E Goldberg, Lori E Ross, Melissa H Manley, Jonathan J Mohr
Male-partnered sexual minority women (SMW) have received little research attention, despite the fact that they represent a large proportion of SMW - particularly child-bearing SMW. Male-partnered SMW are less "out" than female-partnered SMW and will likely be "read" as heterosexual by perinatal providers. Given this, and evidence that pregnant women have unique mental health care needs, the current study focuses on male-partnered SMW (n = 28) during the perinatal period, recruited from Toronto, Canada and Massachusetts, USA, in an effort to understand disclosure and concealment processes in general and to perinatal heath care providers specifically...
March 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630338/self-affirmation-facilitates-minority-middle-schoolers-progress-along-college-trajectories
#15
J Parker Goyer, Julio Garcia, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns, Kevin R Binning, Jonathan E Cook, Stephanie L Reeves, Nancy Apfel, Suzanne Taborsky-Barba, David K Sherman, Geoffrey L Cohen
Small but timely experiences can have long-term benefits when their psychological effects interact with institutional processes. In a follow-up of two randomized field experiments, a brief values affirmation intervention designed to buffer minority middle schoolers against the threat of negative stereotypes had long-term benefits on college-relevant outcomes. In study 1, conducted in the Mountain West, the intervention increased Latino Americans' probability of entering a college readiness track rather than a remedial one near the transition to high school 2 y later...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629056/antimicrobial-and-antioxidant-potentials-of-biosynthesized-colloidal-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-for-a-fortified-cold-cream-formulation-a-potent-nanocosmeceutical-application
#16
Sonia S, Linda Jeeva Kumari H, Ruckmani K, Sivakumar M
Nanocosmeceuticals are promising applications of nanotechnology in personal care industries. Zinc oxide is an inorganic material that is non-toxic and skin compatible with self-cleansing and microbicidal properties. Herein, exploitation of colloidal zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONps) as potent biomaterial for a topical formulation of cosmetic and dermatological significance is employed. ZnONps were green synthesized using environmentally benign Adhatoda vasica leaf extract and characterized by UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), dynamic light scattering (DLS), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX)...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628959/shifting-between-alternative-modes-of-cognition-can-free-association-in-and-of-itself-prove-therapeutic
#17
Richard Tuch
From early on in his career, at the time of his treatment of Frau Emmy von N., Freud (Breuer and Freud 1895) recognized the value of listening to the patient's material without attempting to steer it along a particular course. His focus on the method of freie Einfalle (free association), to be presented to the patient as the fundamental rule of analytic treatment, led to his recommendation that the analyst listen with evenly suspended attention (Freud ). But is free association therapeutic in and of itself? The author proposes an affirmative reply to this question based on the contribution of free association to the patient's nascent ability to shift between active and passive modes of cognition...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623855/authentic-feminist-authenticity-and-feminist-identity-in-teenage-feminists-talk
#18
Octavia Calder-Dawe, Nicola Gavey
This article explores how young people's feminist identities take shape in conjunction with a contemporary ideal of personal authenticity: to know and to express the 'real me'. Drawing from interviews with 18 teenagers living in Auckland, New Zealand, we examine a novel convergence of authenticity and feminism in participants' identity talk. For social psychologists interested in identity and politics, this convergence is intriguing: individualizing values such as authenticity are generally associated with disengagement with structural critique and with a repudiation of politicized and activist identities...
June 17, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623552/pioglitazone-and-the-risk-of-bladder-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Elena Filipova, Katya Uzunova, Krassimir Kalinov, Toni Vekov
People with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of bladder cancer. Pioglitazone is said to increase it further, although published evidence is mixed. We conducted a meta-analysis to determine if any link between the use of pioglitazone and an increased risk of bladder cancer can be found. A comprehensive literature search was conducted through electronic databases as well as registries for data of clinical trials to identify studies that investigate the effect of pioglitazone on bladder cancer in diabetic patients...
June 16, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622609/the-strategic-defense-of-physician-autonomy-state-public-health-agencies-as-countervailing-powers
#20
Laura Senier, Rachael Lee, Lauren Nicoll
Advances in genetic testing and the aggressive marketing of genetic tests by commercial diagnostic laboratories have driven both consumer demand and the need for unbiased information about how tests should guide healthcare delivery. This paper uses the countervailing powers framework to explore the role of state public health agencies as arbiters of quality and safety, specifically through their efforts to encourage physicians to follow evidence-based recommendations for screening for hereditary cancers. Social scientists have often viewed actions by the state to regulate cost, quality, or safety as a threat to physician autonomy...
June 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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