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Endometrial receptivity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227245/clearance-of-senescent-decidual-cells-by-uterine-natural-killer-cells-in-cycling-human-endometrium
#1
Paul J Brighton, Yojiro Maruyama, Katherine Fishwick, Pavle Vrljicak, Shreeya Tewary, Risa Fujihara, Joanne Muter, Emma S Lucas, Taihei Yamada, Laura Woods, Raffaella Lucciola, Yie Hou Lee, Satoru Takeda, Sascha Ott, Myriam Hemberger, Siobhan Quenby, Jan Joris Brosens
In cycling human endometrium, menstruation is followed by rapid estrogen-dependent growth. Upon ovulation, progesterone and rising cellular cAMP levels activate the transcription factor Forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) in endometrial stromal cells (EnSCs), leading to cell cycle exit and differentiation into decidual cells that control embryo implantation. Here we show that FOXO1 also causes acute senescence of a subpopulation of decidualizing EnSCs in an IL-8 dependent manner. Selective depletion or enrichment of this subpopulation revealed that decidual senescence drives the transient inflammatory response associated with endometrial receptivity...
December 11, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206294/hormone-regulates-endometrial-function-via-cooperation-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-mtor-autophagy
#2
Diqi Yang, Tingting Jiang, Jianguo Liu, Jin Hong, Pengfei Lin, Huatao Chen, Dong Zhou, Keqiong Tang, Aihua Wang, Yaping Jin
In ruminant, the receptive endometrium and the elongation of the hatched blastocyst are required to complete the process of implantation. However, the mechanisms regulating goat endometrial function during the peri-implantation period of pregnancy are still unclear. In this study, EECs were treated with progesterone, estradiol and interferon-tau (IFNT). We have found that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress were activated under hormones treatment. To identify the cellular mechanism of regulation of endometrial function, we investigated the effect of ER stress activator thapsigargin (TG) and inhibitor 4 phenyl butyric acid (4-PBA) on EECs...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202468/polycomb-subunit-bmi1-determines-uterine-progesterone-responsiveness-essential-for-normal-embryo-implantation
#3
Qiliang Xin, Shuangbo Kong, Junhao Yan, Jingtao Qiu, Bo He, Chan Zhou, Zhangli Ni, Haili Bao, Lin Huang, Jinhua Lu, Guoliang Xia, Xicheng Liu, Zi-Jiang Chen, Chao Wang, Haibin Wang
Natural and synthetic progestogens have been commonly used to prevent recurrent pregnancy loss in women with inadequate progesterone secretion or reduced progesterone sensitivity. However, the clinical efficacy of progesterone and its analogs for maintaining pregnancy is variable. Additionally, the underlying cause of impaired endometrial progesterone responsiveness during early pregnancy remains unknown. Here, we demonstrated that uterine-selective depletion of BMI1, a key component of the polycomb repressive complex-1 (PRC1), hampers uterine progesterone responsiveness and derails normal uterine receptivity, resulting in implantation failure in mice...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190387/chronic-hyperandrogenemia-in-the-presence-and-absence-of-a-western-style-diet-impairs-ovarian-and-uterine-structure-function-in-young-adult-rhesus-monkeys
#4
Cecily V Bishop, Emily C Mishler, Diana L Takahashi, Taylor E Reiter, Kise R Bond, Cadence A True, Ov D Slayden, Richard L Stouffer
STUDY QUESTION: Does chronic hyperandrogenemia beginning at menarche, in the absence and presence of a western-style diet (WSD), alter ovarian and uterine structure-function in young adult rhesus monkeys? SUMMARY ANSWER: Phenotypic alterations in ovarian and uterine structure/function were induced by exogenous testosterone (T), and compounded in the presence of a WSD (T+WSD). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Hyperandrogenemia is a well-established component of PCOS and is observed in adolescent girls, indicating a potential pubertal onset of disease symptoms...
November 28, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175063/status-of-nucleolar-channel-systems-in-uterine-secretions-accurately-reflects-their-prevalence-a-marker-for-the-window-of-implantation-in-simultaneously-obtained-endometrial-biopsies
#5
Fangyin Meng, Gregory Zapantis, Samuel Z Williams, Harry J Lieman, Erkan Buyuk, U Thomas Meier
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether nucleolar channel systems (NCSs) can be detected in exfoliated endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) of uterine secretions and whether such noninvasively determined NCS status is associated with significant NCS prevalence in simultaneously obtained endometrial biopsies. DESIGN: Prospective study (December 2015-February 2017). SETTING: University-affiliated and private fertility clinics. PATIENT(S): Luteal-phase patients of reproductive age requiring endometrial biopsy for medical indications...
November 23, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162091/role-of-micrornas-in-embryo-implantation
#6
REVIEW
Jingjie Liang, Shaoyu Wang, Zhengguang Wang
Failure of embryo implantation is a major limiting factor in early pregnancy and assisted reproduction. Determinants of implantation include the embryo viability, the endometrial receptivity, and embryo-maternal interactions. Multiple molecules are involved in the regulation of implantation, but their specific regulatory mechanisms remain unclear. MicroRNA (miRNA), functioning as the transcriptional regulator of gene expression, has been widely reported to be involved in embryo implantation. Recent studies reveal that miRNAs not only act inside the cells, but also can be released by cells into the extracellular environment through multiple packaging forms, facilitating intercellular communication and providing indicative information associated with physiological and pathological conditions...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115668/mir-26a-promoted-endometrial-epithelium-cells-eecs-proliferation-and-induced-stromal-cells-escs-apoptosis-via-the-pten-pi3k-akt-pathway-in-dairy-goats
#7
Lei Zhang, Xiaorui Liu, Junze Liu, Xingna Ma, Zhanqin Zhou, Yuxuan Song, Binyun Cao
Changes in endometrial cell morphology and function are absolutely necessary for successful embryo implantation. In this study, miR-26a was widely expressed in dairy goats, and was found to be regulated by β-estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) in endometrial epithelium cells (EECs) as well as stromal cells (ESCs). Furthermore, miR-26a played a role in the regulation of cells proliferation and apoptosis by directly regulating PTEN and indirectly regulating the PI3K/AKT pathway in EECs but not in ESCs of dairy goats in vitro...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115598/effects-of-hypoxia%C3%A2-inducible-factor%C3%A2-1%C3%AE-on-endometrial-receptivity-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#8
Dongmei Zhao, Qinglan Qu, Huangguan Dai, Yueyang Liu, Lei Jiang, Xin Huang, Cuifang Hao
Embryo implantation is associated with an hypoxic endometrial microenvironment. Hypoxia‑inducible factor‑1α (HIF‑1α) is activated under hypoxic conditions. In the present study, the expression pattern of HIF‑1α in endometrial tissue was investigated and its effects on endometrial receptivity in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) were examined. A total of 81 patients were enrolled for in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer. They were divided into PCOS (n=40) and Control groups (n=41); both groups were further divided based on body weight (overweight and normal weight subgroups)...
October 26, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113583/aberrant-akt-activation-during-implantation-window-in-infertile-women-with-intramural-uterine-fibroids
#9
Annu Makker, Madhu Mati Goel, Dipti Nigam, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Vinita Das, Anjoo Agarwal, Amita Pandey, Abnish Gautam
The objective of the study was to examine the expression and cellular distribution of key signaling components of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Phosphatase and Tensin Homolog Deleted on Chromosome Ten (PTEN)/Protein Kinase B (PKB/Akt) pathway during the window of implantation in infertile women with noncavity-distorting intramural uterine fibroids (n = 21) as compared to fertile controls (n = 15). Relative gene expression analysis of PIK3CA, PTEN, Akt1, and Akt2 genes in midluteal endometrial biopsies was performed by real-time polymerase chain reaction...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080967/is-mitochondrial-dna-quantitation-in-blastocyst-trophectoderm-cells-predictive-of-developmental-competence-and-outcome-in-clinical-ivf
#10
REVIEW
Manuel Viotti, Andrea R Victor, Christo G Zouves, Frank L Barnes
Behind every successful IVF embryo transfer, there is a great game of chance. Methods seeking to tilt the balance and increase the likelihood of implantation have been proposed and implemented with varying results, including embryo morphology, FISH-PGS, comprehensive chromosomal screening (CCS), morphokinetics, endometrial receptivity testing. It has been suggested that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number could serve as a biomarker for embryo viability, but this concept was recently challenged. The world of IVF is left with unanswered questions: Why are there discrepancies in the reports? Should mtDNA copy number be considered to rank embryos for transfer? And in a broader sense, how well must a technique be validated before its implementation in the IVF clinic? Here, we explore these questions attempting to piece together the published data and suggest future directions to help unravel the subject matter...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073617/preimplantation-factor-pif-promotes-hla-g-e-f-c-expression-in-jeg-3-choriocarcinoma-cells-and-endogenous-progesterone-activity
#11
Miya Soukaina Hakam, Jose Maria Miranda-Sayago, Soren Hayrabedyan, Krassimira Todorova, Patrick Simon Spencer, Asma Jabeen, Eytan R Barnea, Nelson Fernandez
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pregnancy success requires mandatory maternal tolerance of the semi/ allogeneic embryo involving embryo-derived signals. Expression levels of PreImplantation Factor (PIF), a novel peptide secreted by viable embryos, correlate with embryo development, and its early detection in circulation correlates with a favourable pregnancy outcome. PIF enhances endometrial receptivity to promote embryo implantation. Via the p53 pathway, it increases trophoblast invasion, improving cell survival / immune privilege...
October 27, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063651/area-under-the-curve-of-temporal-estrogen-and-progesterone-measurements-during-assisted-reproductive-technology-which-hormone-is-the-main-determinant-of-cycle-outcome
#12
Enis Ozkaya, Tayfun Kutlu, Cigdem Abide Yayla, Semra Kayatas Eser, Ilhan Sanverdi, Belgin Devranoglu
AIM: Is there any relationship between estrogen and progesterone concentrations during assisted reproductive technology (ART)? Which hormone is the main determinant of impaired endometrial receptivity? METHODS: This study was conducted from July to December 2016 at the in vitro Fertilization/Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection unit at Zeynep Kamil Women and Children's Health Training and Research Hospital. A total of 289 women who underwent ART were prospectively screened and areas under the curve of temporal estrogen (AUCEM) and progesterone measurements (AUCPM) were calculated for each participant...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040606/pinopode-score-around-the-time-of-implantation-is-predictive-of-successful-implantation-following-frozen-embryo-transfer-in-hormone-replacement-cycles
#13
X Y Jin, L J Zhao, D H Luo, L Liu, Y D Dai, X X Hu, Y Y Wang, X Lin, F Hong, T C Li, S Y Zhang
STUDY QUESTION: Is pinopode measurement of any prognostic value? SUMMARY ANSWER: Pinopode expression was significantly associated with the occurrence of pregnancy after frozen embryo transfer. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Pinopodes are expressed in the endometrium during the implantation period. Pinopode measurement has been proposed as a marker of endometrial receptivity. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A prospective cohort study was conducted at the Center of Reproductive Medicine, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, between 2014 and 2016, recruiting 172 women with infertility and undergoing frozen embryo transfer following IVF treatment...
October 13, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039177/-the-involvement-of-galectin-1-in-implantation-and-pregnancy-maintenance-at-the-maternal-fetal-interface
#14
Minyue Tang, Yimin Zhu
As a member of galectins family, galectin-1(Gal-1)is widely expressed in tissues and cells, and participates in a variety of physiological and pathological processes, such as cell adhesion, proliferation, apoptosis and inflammatory reaction. Recently, it has been found that Gal-1 is highly expressed at the maternal-fetal interface and plays important roles in trophoblast cell proliferation, differentiation and invasion, endometrial receptivity, placental angiogenesis and maternal-fetal immune tolerance. In this review, we outline the expression of Gal-1 at the maternal-fetal interface and the involvement of Gal-1 in embryo implantation and pregnancy maintenance, to provide novel insights for the early diagnosis, prognostic assessment and treatment of early pregnancy loss and pregnancy-related diseases...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037105/the-role-of-female-obesity-on-in-vitro-fertilization-outcomes
#15
Miro Kasum, Slavko Orešković, Ermin Čehić, Albert Lila, Emina Ejubović, Dragan Soldo
The aim of this review is to analyze the role of obesity on fertility outcome in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) with respect to clinical or live birth rates and pregnancy loss rates. Despite findings from several earlier and newer studies that obesity does not adversely affect pregnancy outcome in women attempting conception, numerous reports from mostly recent studies suggest that obesity undoubtedly impairs IVF outcomes. Obesity impairs ovarian responsiveness to gonadotrophin stimulation, requiring higher doses of medication, increased risk of cycle cancelation, pre-term delivery, low birth weight or miscarriage, and decreases implantation, clinical pregnancy or live birth rates compared to women of normal weight...
October 16, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029020/the-endometrial-polarity-paradox-differential-regulation-of-polarity-within-secretory-phase-human-endometrium
#16
Sarah Whitby, Lois A Salamonsen, Jemma Evans
A major cause of infertility in normal and assisted reproduction cycles is failure of the endometrium to undergo appropriate changes during the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle as it acquires receptivity for an implanting blastocyst. Current dogma states that loss of epithelial polarity in the luminal epithelial cells, the point of first contact between maternal endometrium and blastocyst, may facilitate embryo implantation. Loss of polarity is likely an important change during the secretory phase to overcome mutual repulsion between otherwise polarised epithelial surfaces...
September 29, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026527/recent-advances-in-in-vitro-fertilization
#17
REVIEW
Robert Casper, Jigal Haas, Tzu-Bou Hsieh, Rawad Bassil, Chaula Mehta
The field of assisted reproductive technology is rapidly progressing with many new advances in the last decade. The present review discusses methods to improve oocyte quality in older women and new stimulation protocols that may improve the number of mature oocytes retrieved during an in vitro fertilization cycle. We will discuss the present use of pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS) and finally focus on some new methods to determine endometrial receptivity. The focus of this review is to point out areas of technology that may be controversial or are new enough to require proper controlled studies for validation...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025102/effects-of-noncavity-distorting-fibroids-on-endometrial-gene-expression-and-function
#18
Lusine Aghajanova, Sahar Houshdaran, Juan C Irwin, Linda C Giudice
Uterine fibroids are a common finding in infertility patients. Impaired implantation and decidualization have been proposed to contribute to compromised fertility. Data are limited on the endometrial transcriptome from subjects with uterine fibroids, as well as endometrial receptivity and decidualization potential of endometrial stromal fibroblasts (eSF) from women with fibroids. Our objective was to investigate the endometrial transcriptome of women with noncavity-distorting intramural fibroids and compare them to control subjects with no uterine pathology throughout the menstrual cycle...
October 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025060/adrenomedullin-improves-fertility-and-promotes-pinopodes-and-cell-junctions-in-the-peri-implantation-endometrium
#19
Brooke C Matson, Stephanie L Pierce, Scott T Espenschied, Eric Holle, Imani H Sweatt, Eric S Davis, Robert Tarran, Steven L Young, Trudy A Kohout, Marcel van Duin, Kathleen M Caron
Implantation is a complex event demanding contributions from both embryo and endometrium. Despite advances in assisted reproduction, endometrial receptivity defects persist as a barrier to successful implantation in women with infertility. We previously demonstrated that maternal haploinsufficiency for the endocrine peptide adrenomedullin (AM) in mice confers a subfertility phenotype characterized by defective uterine receptivity and sparse epithelial pinopode coverage. The strong link between AM and implantation suggested the compelling hypothesis that administration of AM prior to implantation may improve fertility, protect against pregnancy complications, and ultimately lead to better maternal and fetal outcomes...
September 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023770/c-c-motif-chemokine-ligand-23-abolishes-er-stress-and-lps-induced-reduction-in-proliferation-of-bovine-endometrial-epithelial-cells
#20
Whasun Lim, Hyocheol Bae, Fuller W Bazer, Gwonhwa Song
To reduce embryonic losses in domestic animals for economic production of livestock meat and milk, chemokines and their receptors are required for proper implantation and placentation during early pregnancy. In this study, we investigated the effects of C-C-motif chemokine ligand 23 (CCL23) on the proliferation of bovine endometrial (BEND) epithelial cells. CCL23 treatment improved BEND cell proliferation by enhancing PCNA and cyclin D1 expression via activation of the PI3K/AKT and MAPK signaling pathways. In addition, a combination of CCL23 and tunicamycin reversed the ER stress-induced reduction in cell proliferation and the decreased expression of UPR-mediated signaling proteins, including IRE1α, PERK, and ATF6α...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
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