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Radial artery graft

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713704/the-anterior-interosseus-artery-perforator-flap-anatomical-dissections-and-clinical-study
#1
Nikhil S Panse, Sheetal B Joshi, Parag B Sahasrabudhe, B Bahetee, Pradnya Gurude, Ajay Chandanwale
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of upper extremity deformities continues to be a challenge to the reconstructive surgeon. Various loco regional, distant and free flaps are available for reconstruction. However, each has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Of the commonly performed local flaps, radial artery forearm flap, and the posterior interosseus artery flap stand out prominently. Recently, perforator propeller flaps have been used for resurfacing the upper extremity. The anterior interosseus artery perforator flap is an uncommonly used and described flap...
May 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683990/how-safe-is-it-to-train-residents-to-perform-coronary-surgery-with-multiple-arterial-grafting-nineteen-years-of-training-at-a-single-institution
#2
Umberto Benedetto, Massimo Caputo, Mario Gaudino, Hunaid Vohra, Pierpaolo Chivasso, Alan Bryan, Gianni D Angelini
The learning curve of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with multiple arterial grafting (MAG) is perceived to be associated with increased surgical morbidity and potentially poorer long-term outcomes. We compared short-term outcomes and long-term survival in patients who underwent CABG with MAG performed by attending surgeons or resident trainees at a single institution over a period of 19 years. Using our institutional database, we identified 3039 patients undergoing MAG from 1996-2015. Of those, 958 (32%) were operated on by residents and 2081 (68%) by attending surgeons...
April 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678142/ultrastructural-and-histomorphologic-properties-of-the-internal-thoracic-artery-implications-for-coronary-revascularization
#3
Diogo A Fonseca, Pedro E Antunes, Maria D Cotrim
Coronary artery disease represents a major health problem worldwide for which coronary artery bypass surgery remains a standard of care. Among the several grafts that are available, the internal thoracic artery (ITA) has long been considered the best as several advantages have been described compared with other vessels (e.g. saphenous vein or radial artery), namely, an absent to minor atherosclerotic development. In fact, several studies showed the presence of preatherosclerotic lesions, such as intimal and/or medial thickening, medial fibrosis, among others, in the presence of certain cardiovascular risk factors as well as established atherosclerotic lesions (i...
July 3, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664690/plasma-magnesium-concentration-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#4
Edyta Kotlinska-Hasiec, Marta Makara-Studzinska, Marek Czajkowski, Ziemowit Rzecki, Krzysztof Olszewski, Adam Stadnik, Jacek Pilat, Beata Rybojad, Wojciech Dabrowski
[b]Introduction[/b]. Magnesium (Mg) plays a crucial role in cell physiology and its deficiency may cause many disorders which often require intensive treatment. The aim of this study was to analyse some factors affecting preoperative plasma Mg concentration in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). [b]Materials and method[/b]. Adult patients scheduled for elective CABG with cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB) under general anaesthesia were studied. Plasma Mg concentration was analysed before surgery in accordance with age, domicile, profession, tobacco smoking and preoperative Mg supplementation...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637292/ten-year-real-life-effectiveness-of-coronary-artery-bypass-using-radial-artery-or-great-saphenous-vein-grafts-in-a-single-centre-chinese-hospital
#5
Yunpeng Zhu, Anqing Chen, Zhe Wang, Jun Liu, Junfeng Cai, Mi Zhou, Qiang Zhao
OBJECTIVES: Long-term effectiveness of coronary artery bypass grafting using radial artery (RA) or great saphenous vein (SVG) grafts as a second conduit was compared. METHODS: Patients received simple elective off-pump coronary artery bypass involving both the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) and the left anterior descending artery between January 1999 and December 2005 at Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, China. RA graft patients ( n  = 147 LITA + RA and n  = 61 LITA + RA + SVG) were matched with SVG graft patients ( n  = 208 LITA + SVG)...
June 16, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619499/results-of-early-high-flow-bypass-and-trapping-for-ruptured-blood-blister-like-aneurysms-of-the-internal-carotid-artery
#6
Yuichiro Kikkawa, Toshiki Ikeda, Ririko Takeda, Hiroyuki Nakajima, Takeshi Ogura, Hidetoshi Ooigawa, Hiroki Kurita
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to clarify the efficacy and safety of early surgery using trapping of the affected internal carotid artery (ICA) and high-flow bypass between second portion of the middle cerebral artery and cervical external carotid artery with radial artery graft for ruptured blood blister-like aneurysms (BBAs) arising from anterior wall of the ICA. METHODS: Medical chart of consecutive 16 patients (M:F=7:9, mean 59 years) with subarachnoid hemorrhage (WFNS grade I:2, II:5, III:2, IV:4, V:3) due to ruptured BBA surgically treated between July 2010 and October 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610970/internal-maxillary-artery-bypass-with-radial-artery-graft-treatment-of-giant-intracranial-aneurysms
#7
Long Wang, Shuaibin Lu, Hai Qian, Xiang'en Shi
BACKGROUND: Giant intracranial aneurysms (GIAs) can be approached via microsurgical and endovascular techniques. Utilization of flow diversion devices (FDDs) has yielded favorable outcomes, and indications for cerebral revascularization have dramatically decreased. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and validity of using internal maxillary artery (IMA) bypass with an interposed graft to treat GIAs. METHODS: During a 6-year period, high-flow IMA bypass procedures were performed in 32 patients with GIAs at our institute...
June 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600020/trans-ulnar-recanalization-of-a-chronic-radial-artery-occlusion
#8
Orazio Valsecchi, Matteo Nardin, Angelina Vassileva, Chiara Bernelli
Trans-ulnar access is a viable alternative approach by experienced operators when the radial and femoral arteries cannot be accessed or used to preserve the contralateral radial artery as possible vascular graft for coronary bypass surgery, hemodynamic monitoring, or shunt creation for hemodialysis. We report a challenging case of ipsilateral trans-ulnar recanalization of a chronic radial artery occlusion, which allowed us to perform a complex trans-ulnar PCI.
April 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594659/repeat-revascularization-after-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-is-it-a-problem
#9
Maria L Rodriguez, Harry R Lapierre, Benjamin F Sohmer, Marc A Ruel
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (MICS CABG) via a small left thoracotomy is a novel technique for coronary revascularization that is increasingly used around the world. However, multivessel MICS CABG is difficult, and concerns about repeat revascularization (RR) have been raised. This longitudinal study describes the rates of RR among patients who have undergone MICS CABG and identifies targets for improvement. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed on the 306 MICS CABG patients operated on by a single surgeon from 2005 to 2015...
June 7, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592080/-complete-revascularization-for-multi-vessel-coronary-diseases-through-lower-ministernotomy-on-beating-heart-off-pump-surgery
#10
Z B Xiao, Y Zhang, J Z Guo, Y Y Li, Y P Zhang
Objective: To discuss a novel method of complete revascularization for multi-vessel coronary diseases on beating heart off-pump surgery through lower ministernotomy. Methods: Clinical data of 79 patients underwent ministernotomy off-pump coronary artery bypass from January 2015 to May 2016 at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Heart Center, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. There were 62 male and 17 female patients, with an average age of (65±9) years. All the patients were multi-vessel coronary diseases and planned to receive coronary artery bypass grafting...
June 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567356/radial-artery-occlusion-after-transradial-coronary-catheterization
#11
REVIEW
Grigorios Avdikos, Aris Karatasakis, Andreas Tsoumeleas, Efstathios Lazaris, Antonios Ziakas, Michael Koutouzis
The transradial approach (TRA) for coronary angiography and interventions is increasingly utilized around the world. Radial artery occlusion (RAO) is the most common significant complication after transradial catheterization, with incidence varying between 1% and 10%. Although RAO is rarely accompanied by hand ischemia, it is an important complication because it prohibits future transradial access and radial artery utilization as a conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting or arteriovenous fistula formation...
June 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566338/associations-between-adding-a-radial-artery-graft-to-single-and-bilateral-internal-thoracic-artery-grafts-and-outcomes-insights-from-the-arterial-revascularization-trial
#12
David P Taggart, Douglas G Altman, Marcus D Flather, Stephen Gerry, Alastair M Gray, Belinda Lees, Umberto Benedetto
Background -Whether the use of the radial artery (RA) can improve clinical outcomes in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery remains unclear. The Arterial Revascularization Trial (ART) was designed to compare survival after bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) over single left internal thoracic artery (SITA). In the ART, a large proportion of patients (~20%) also received a RA graft instead of a saphenous vein graft (SVG). We aimed to investigate the associations between using the RA instead of SVG to supplement SITA or BITA grafts and outcomes by performing a post-hoc analysis of the ART...
May 31, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556192/microsurgical-anatomy-of-the-maxillary-artery-for-extracranial-intracranial-bypass-in-the-pterygopalatine-segment-of-the-maxillary-artery
#13
O Akiyama, A Güngör, E H Middlebrooks, A Kondo, H Arai
The extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass using the maxillary artery (MA) has been successfully completed using a radial artery graft but the complicated anatomy and narrow exposure make it difficult. The purpose of this article is to define the microsurgical exposure of the MA through the middle fossa and describe the branches, diameter, and length of the MA available for the EC-IC bypass in the sphenopalatine fossa and anterior part of the infratemporal fossa. 5 cadaveric specimens were dissected bilaterally (10 MA dissections) to define the microsurgical anatomy of the MA through an intracranial approach...
May 27, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549885/the-radial-approach-to-the-wrist-with-styloidectomy-a-cadaver-study
#14
F-A Lecoq, A Sébilo, P Bellemère
The radial approach to the wrist is already used in several surgical techniques such as radial styloidectomy and Zaidemberg's vascularized radial graft. The aim of our work was to describe the surgical anatomy of that approach and to determine the acceptable limits of radial oblique styloidectomy that does not damage the anterior and posterior radiocarpal ligaments. This radial approach was performed on 11 cadaver specimens. The superficial branches of the radial nerve and the antebrachial cephalic vein were carefully located in the superficial plane...
May 23, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541541/intraoperative-chlorpromazine-treatment-for-prevention-of-radial-artery-spasm-in-aortocoronary-bypass-grafting
#15
Vladimir Shipulin, Boris Kozlov, Georgiy Nasrashvili, Vasiliy Zatolokin, Mikhael Kuznetsov, Dmitry Panfilov, Sergey Afanas'ev
A detailed description of intraoperative prevention of radial artery graft spasm using a solution of the calmodulin inhibitor chlorpromazine is presented. This method is used in direct myocardial revascularization and can reliably prevent perioperative spasm of radial artery grafts, as confirmed by intraoperative flow measurement, bypass angiography in the postoperative period, and in vitro experimental data.
May 25, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527820/adventitial-cystic-disease-of-radial-artery-apropos-of-a-case-and-review-of-literature
#16
Álvaro Torres-Blanco, Luis Ariel Pepén-Moquete, Vicente Molina-Nácher, Francisco Gómez-Palonés
Adventitial cystic disease is an uncommon condition that is characterized by the collection of mucinous material that accumulates in the adventitial layer of the artery. Predominantly, this entity affects the popliteal artery, whereas it is extremely rare in the radial artery. We report a 72-year-old female patient that underwent surgical treatment of an adventitial cyst of the right radial artery. The involved arterial segment was resected, and reconstruction by means of the interposition of a saphenous vein graft was performed...
May 11, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516670/endoscopic-versus-open-radial-artery-harvesting-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-and-propensity-matched-studies
#17
Mohamed Rahouma, Mohamed Kamel, Umberto Benedetto, Lucas B Ohmes, Antonino Di Franco, Christopher Lau, Leonard N Girardi, Robert F Tranbaugh, Fabio Barili, Mario Gaudino
BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the impact of radial artery harvesting techniques on clinical outcomes using a meta-analytic approach limited to randomized controlled trials and propensity-matched studies for clinical outcomes, in which graft patency was analyzed. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted using PubMed and MEDLINE to identify publications containing comparisons between endoscopic radial artery harvesting (ERAH) and open harvesting (ORAH)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511568/flexor-tendon-ruptures-after-distal-scaphoid-excision-for-scaphotrapeziotrapezoid-osteoarthritis
#18
Matthew E Deren, Charles H Mitchell, Arnold-Peter C Weiss
BACKGROUND: Distal scaphoid excision is one treatment option for osteoarthritis of the scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) joint following failure of conservative measures. Potential complications of this procedure include injury to the carpal ligaments, cartilage, and radial artery. METHODS: A single case was identified by the senior author, and the medical record was reviewed for surgical notes, progress notes, and radiographs. RESULTS: A 68-year-old male sustained ruptures of the flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) and flexor digitorum profundus to the index finger 3 years following a distal scaphoid excision for symptomatic STT osteoarthritis...
May 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506479/the-spectrum-and-management-of-noniatrogenic-vascular-trauma-in-the-pediatric-population
#19
Ahmed Kayssi, Maged Metias, Jacob C Langer, Graham Roche-Nagle, Augusto Zani, Thomas L Forbes, Paul Wales, Sebastian K King
BACKGROUND: To describe the spectrum of noniatrogenic pediatric vascular injuries and their outcomes at a large tertiary pediatric hospital. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospectively-maintained trauma database, identifying children with noniatrogenic vascular injuries managed between 1994 and 2014. RESULTS: A total of 198 patients were identified. Those patients with a digital or intracerebral vascular injury (92/198) were excluded from further analysis...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495430/patient-versus-physician-variation-in-use-of-transradial-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#20
Shariq Shamim, Fengming Tang, David Safley, Philip Jones, John A Spertus, Dmitri Baklanov
The prevalence of radial access for transradial catheterization remains low in the United States, occurring in only 28% of cases in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) CathPCI. It is unknown whether the low adoption rate has been influenced by patient characteristics or is more operator dependent. In a 10-center study, we compared clinical and demographic characteristics among 323 radial and 1,506 femoral access percutaneous coronary intervention (PCIs) performed by 65 interventionists capable of radial PCI...
March 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
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