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Gastric lymphoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211282/signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-of-the-jejunum-an-uncommon-finding-within-the-reach-of-capsule-endoscopy
#1
José Francisco Juanmartiñena, Marta Montes, Ignacio Fernández-Urién
An 80 year-old female presented with ductal breast carcinoma (stage II) three years ago, complained of asthenia and iron-deficiency anemia. No diagnosis was obtained after conventional endoscopy and iron supplements were indicated. Ten months later visible digestive hemorrhage was presented. Upper and lower endoscopy was repeated but non-diagnosis was obtained. Thus, video capsule endoscopy was indicated identifying a stenotic lesion arising in the mucosa of distal jejunum. Histopathological examination revealed a poorly mucinous differentiated signet-ring cell adenocarcinoma with an intense peri-tumoral lymphoid (Crohn´s-like lymphoid reaction) and lympho-vascular infiltration with no nodal metastases (pT3N0;7ª edition TNM classification)...
February 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203570/multifocal-gastric-ulcers-caused-by-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-a-patient-with-significant-weight-loss
#2
Mark A Gromski, Jennifer L Peng, Jiehao Zhou, Howard C Masuoka, Attaya Suvannasankha, Suthat Liangpunsakul
Primary gastrointestinal (GI) lymphoma is a heterogeneous disease with varied clinical presentations. The stomach is the most common GI site and accounts for 70% to 75% of GI lymphomas. We present a patient with gastric diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who presented with significant weight loss, early satiety, and multifocal ulcerated gastric lesions. Esophagoduodenoscopy should be performed in patients presenting with warning symptoms as in our case. Diagnosis is usually made by endoscopic biopsies. Multiple treatment modalities including surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy have been used...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190393/significance-of-cholinergic-and-peptidergic-nerves-in-stress-induced-ulcer-and-malt-lymphoma-formation
#3
Masahiko Nakamura, Anders Øverby, Akina Uehara, Masaya Oda, Shinichi Takahashi, Somay Y Murayama, Hidenori Matsui
: Backgound: The role of enteric nerves has previously been demonstrated in the formation of several gastric diseases. In the present review, the significance of the cholinergic nerves in stress-induced ulcer formation as well as the importance of substance P in the formation of gastric MALT lymphoma is discussed. METHODS: The stress-induced ulcer was induced by the plaster bandage methods in rats. The gastric MALT lymphoma was formed by the peroral infection of gastric mucosal homogenate of the infected mouse in C57BL/6 mice...
February 10, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183161/radiotherapy-for-gastric-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-dosimetric-comparison-and-risk-assessment-of-solid-secondary-cancer
#4
Sun Hyun Bae, Dong Wook Kim, Mi-Sook Kim, Myung-Hee Shin, Hee Chul Park, Do Hoon Lim
Purpose: To determine the optimal radiotherapy technique for gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALToma), we compared the dosimetric parameters and the risk of solid secondary cancer from scattered doses among anterior-posterior/ posterior-anterior parallel-opposed fields (AP/PA), anterior, posterior, right, and left lateral fields (4_field), 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) using noncoplanar beams, and intensity-modulated radiotherapy composed of 7 coplanar beams (IMRT_co) and 7 coplanar and noncoplanar beams (IMRT_non)...
February 13, 2017: Radiation Oncology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179335/addition-of-rituximab-to-chemotherapy-reduced-the-rate-of-surgery-for-gastric-dlbcl-without-increasing-early-mortality
#5
Philippe Prouet, Smith Giri, Eric Wiedower, Andrew Fintel, George Yaghmour, Elena Paulus Lamb, Jeremiah Deneve, Martin Fleming, Paxton Dickson, Jason C Chandler, Mike G Martin
BACKGROUND: We evaluated surgical trends for gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (gDLBCL) before and after the approval of rituximab and whether an association of early mortality existed in patients treated after approval of rituximab. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We utilized the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) 18 database to extract data on patients with gDLBCL diagnosed between 1983-2012. Primary site-specific cancer-directed surgery using SEER site-specific surgical codes and annual trends were analyzed...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176910/apatinib-as-post-second-line-therapy-in-egfr-wild-type-and-alk-negative-advanced-lung-adenocarcinoma
#6
Shen-Cun Fang, Hai-Tao Zhang, Ying-Ming Zhang, Wei-Ping Xie
In the absence of a driver mutation, chemotherapy is the standard treatment option as first- and second-line therapy for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Though a large number of patients are suitable for post second-line therapies, the quality and quantity of the available drugs in this setting is poor. Apatinib, a small molecule vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is a first-generation oral antiangiogenesis drug approved in the People's Republic of China for use as a subsequent line of treatment for advanced gastric cancer...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167693/primary-gastric-plasmacytoma-a-rare-entity
#7
Rui Caetano Oliveira, Pedro Amaro, Maria José Julião, Maria Augusta Cipriano
Extramedullary plasmacytomas (EP) are tumours composed by a monoclonal population of plasma cells that arise in extraosseus tissues, comprising <5% of all plasma cell neoplasms. Usually, EP arise in the head and neck region, and the stomach is the second most common location-gastric plasmacytoma (GP). Clinical and radiological manifestations are unspecific and may mimic other tumours like gastric adenocarcinomas, gastric stromal tumours and lymphomas, mainly marginal cell lymphoma (MALT lymphoma) and usually definitive diagnosis is provided by pathological evaluation...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151409/helicobacter-pylori-induced-gastric-pathology-insights-from-in-vivo-and-ex-vivo-models
#8
REVIEW
Michael D Burkitt, Carrie A Duckworth, Jonathan M Williams, D Mark Pritchard
Gastric colonization with Helicobacter pylori induces diverse human pathological conditions, including superficial gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, and gastric adenocarcinoma and its precursors. The treatment of these conditions often relies on the eradication of H. pylori, an intervention that is increasingly difficult to achieve and that does not prevent disease progression in some contexts. There is, therefore, a pressing need to develop new experimental models of H...
February 1, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147473/endoscopic-findings-of-gastric-extranodal-marginal-zone-b-cell-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma
#9
Sang Kil Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143501/safe-and-successful-birth-following-pelvic-radiotherapy-for-rectal-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-a-case-report
#10
Yoshiomi Hatayama, Masahiko Aoki, Hideo Kawaguchi, Katsumi Hirose, Mariko Sato, Hiroyoshi Akimoto, Mitsuki Tanaka, Ichitaro Fujioka, Shuichi Ono, Yoshihiro Takai
BACKGROUND: Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas can occur in various parts of the body, and half of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas occur in the gastrointestinal tract. Gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma is the most common lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract and primary rectal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma is very rare. Because of the high radiosensitivity of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas, this condition can be controlled with radiotherapy of approximately 30 Gy alone...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140708/second-primary-malignancies-in-patients-treated-for-gastric-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma
#11
Aurelien Amiot, Valerie Jooste, Charlotte Gagniere, Michaël Lévy, Christiane Copie-Bergman, Jehan Dupuis, Yann Le Baleur, Karim Belhadj, Iradj Sobhani, Corinne Haioun, Anne-Marie Bouvier, Jean-Charles Delchier
To assess the risk of second primary malignancy (SPM) in patients with gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) Lymphoma (GML), we included 175 patients with GML in the present study. The incidence of SPM in the general population, used for reference, was determined from the French network of cancer registries. During the 1442.9 patient-years of follow-up, 29 patients were diagnosed with incident SPM, including five patients diagnosed with gastric cancer (20.1/1000 patient-years). An increased incidence of SPM was observed in patients with GML (standardized incidence ratios [SIR]: 1...
January 31, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133333/-a-case-report-of-difficult-esophagojejunal-anastomosis-for-multiple-primary-cancer-of-malignant-lymphoma-and-gastric-cancer
#12
Masanori Yamada, Koji Nakai, Kentaro Inoue, Takeshi Hijikawa, Hiroaki Kitade, Kazuyoshi Ishii, Kazuhiko Yoshioka, Masanori Kon
A 54-year-old man presented with cervical lymph node swelling and exhibited high levels of sIL-2R. Enhanced cervical, chest, and abdominal CT scanning demonstrated swelling of the cervical, hilar, axilla, and abdominal lymph nodes. The patient was diagnosed with malignant, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, B-cell, follicular lymphoma using biopsy of the cervical lymph nodes. Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed II c like advanced tumor in the upper gastric body and post-wall area. He was diagnosed with primary multiple cancer comprising malignant lymphoma and gastric cancer...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133159/-a-case-of-collision-tumor-of-gastric-malignant-lymphoma-and-gastric-cancer
#13
Keisuke Inoue, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara, Shuhei Kogata, Hirofumi Kanaizumi, Shuichi Fukuda, Hiroshi Takeyama, Kotaro Kitani, Masanori Tsujie, Masao Yukawa, Tomoko Wakasa, Yoshio Ohta, Masatoshi Inoue
A 71-year-old man with anemia, weight loss, and loss of appetite was admitted. Ultrasound examination found thickening of the wall of the stomach. A type 3 gastric tumor was detected in the greater curvature of the gastric corpus via upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Total gastrectomy, transverse colon resection, and Roux-en-Y anastomosis reconstruction was performed. In the postoperative pathological results, adenocarcinoma, tub2, and diffuse large B cell lymphoma collision was found. The patient underwent chemotherapy for malignant lymphoma and although it was a relatively advanced neoplasia, he is alive without a recurrence...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123591/isoimperatorin-induces-apoptosis-of-the-sgc-7901-human-gastric-cancer-cell-line-via-the-mitochondria-mediated-pathway
#14
Kehui Tong, Chang Xin, Wenzhong Chen
The present study was designed to investigate the antiproliferative activity of isoimperatorin against SGC-7901 cells and to examine the possible mechanisms. The antiproliferative activity of isoimperatorin against SGC-7901 cells was evaluated using an MTT assay, and the mechanisms were investigated using flow cytometry and western blot assays, which were used to determine the apoptotic rate and expression levels of mitochondria-mediated apoptosis-associated proteins, including Survivin, myeloid leukemia cell-1 (Mcl-1), B cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xl), B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), second mitochondria-derived activator of caspase (Smac), Bcl-2-associated X factor (Bax), cleaved (c)-caspase-3 and c-caspase-9 in SGC-7901 cells...
January 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123545/increased-expression-of-s100a6-promotes-cell-proliferation-in-gastric-cancer-cells
#15
Xiao-Hong Wang, Hong Du, Lin Li, Duan-Fang Shao, Xi-Yao Zhong, Ying Hu, Yi-Qiang Liu, Xiao-Fang Xing, Xiao-Jing Cheng, Ting Guo, Shen Li, Zi-Yu Li, Zhao-De Bu, Xian-Zi Wen, Lian-Hai Zhang, Jia-Fu Ji
S100A6 is involved in regulating the progression of cancer. S100A6 can regulate the dynamics of cytoskeletal constituents, cell growth and differentiation by interacting with binding or target proteins. The present study investigated whether S100A6 affects cell proliferation in gastric cancer cells by stimulating several downstream factors. Firstly, the expression and localization of S100A6 were investigated using immunohistochemical staining, an immunoelectron microscopy and laser confocal scanning. A ChIP-Chip assay was performed to determine the downstream factors of S100A6 using promoter Chip analysis, including approximately the -800 to +200 regions around the transcription starting point...
January 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119270/distribution-of-gastric-carcinoma-in-an-area-with-a-high-prevalence-of-helicobacter-pylori
#16
Javed Yakoob, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Zaigham Abbas, Syed Farrukh Mustafa, Hamza Abdur Rahim Khan, Muhammad Faraz Raghib, Safia Awan, Zubair Ahmad
BACKGROUND/AIMS: South Asia is an enigma for gastric cancer (GC) because it is a low risk region with a high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections. We evaluated the trend of GC clinical presentation and risk factors in patients with dyspeptic symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients, coded by the international classification of diseases (ICD-10-CM, 2015, Diagnosis Code C16.9) for malignancies of stomach diagnosed by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and histopathology, were studied...
January 25, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115360/saccharomyces-boulardii-administration-can-inhibit-the-formation-of-gastric-lymphoid-follicles-induced-by-helicobacter-suis-infection
#17
Lin Yang, Zi-Bin Tian, Ya-Nan Yu, Cui-Ping Zhang, Xiao-Yu Li, Tao Mao, Xue Jing, Wen-Jun Zhao, Xue-Li Ding, Ruo-Ming Yang, Shuai-Qing Zhang
Helicobacter suis has a greater tendency to induce gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma compared with other Helicobacter species in humans and animals. Saccharomyces (S.) boulardii has been established as an adjunct to Helicobacter pylori eradication treatment, but the effect of S. boulardii administration alone on Helicobacter infection remains unclear. Here, we found that S. boulardii administration effectively decreased the bacterial load of Helicobacter suis and inhibited the formation of lymphoid follicles in the stomach post-infection...
January 22, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105222/curcumin-suppresses-the-proliferation-of-gastric-cancer-cells-by-downregulating-h19
#18
Gao Liu, Tian Xiang, Quan-Feng Wu, Wei-Xing Wang
Curcumin, a major phytochemical in turmeric, inhibits the proliferation of many types of solid cancer cells by enhancing p53 expression. However, the long non-coding RNA H19 directly inhibits p53 activation and thus promotes gastric cancer progression. The aim of this study was to assess the role of H19 in curcumin-induced proliferative inhibition of gastric cancer. The gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 was treated with curcumin at different concentrations and time points. The effect of curcumin on proliferation was assessed using cell counting kit-8 assays and flow cytometry with Ki67 staining...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101357/treatment-of-synchronous-adenocarcinoma-and-lymphoma-of-the-stomach-a-case-report
#19
Chien-Hsiang Weng, Ren-Ching Wang, Cheng-Chung Wu, Tseng-Hsi Lin
Gastric cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The majority of gastric cancers are diagnosed at an advanced or metastatic stage, with a 5-year survival rate of ~5-20% and a median overall survival of <1 year. Synchronous occurrence of gastric adenocarcinoma and lymphoma is rare, and thus far there is no consensus regarding their management. We herein describe a case of synchronous gastric adenocarcinoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in a patient with chronic hepatitis B and the treatment strategy...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101222/frat1-expression-regulates-proliferation-in-colon-cancer-cells
#20
Kongxi Zhu, Jianqiang Guo, Hongjuan Wang, Weihua Yu
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common gastric malignancies worldwide. However, the underlying mechanism of colon cancer development and valuable indicators of the disease remain unclear. In this study, the expression of frequently rearranged in advanced T-cell lymphomas 1 (FRAT1) in colon cancer was investigated and the association between FRAT1 expression and biological properties of tumors was analyzed. A total of 147 colon cancer tissue samples and adjacent normal tissues were collected between January 2013 and June 2014...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
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