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Gastric lymphoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439064/immunotherapy-of-dual-function-vector-with-both-immunostimulatory-and-b-cell-lymphoma-2-bcl-2-silencing-effects-on-gastric-carcinoma
#1
Lanying Ma, Mei Han, Zumureti Keyoumu, Hua Wang, Saifuding Keyoumu
BACKGROUND Tumorigenesis is a kind of pathology marked by infinite proliferation and restrained apoptosis compared with normal cells. The abnormal expression of some proto-oncogenes and apoptosis inhibition are essential for tumor growth, which has been confirmed by molecular biologic and immunologic studies. The hypofunction of the host immune system also drives the development and metastasis of malignant tumors. Bcl-2, which has a critical role in regulating apoptosis, is overexpressed in several cancers...
April 25, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438623/ezh2-overexpression-in-primary-gastrointestinal-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-and-its-association-with-the-clinicopathological-features
#2
Yang Liu, Kangjie Yu, Mingyang Li, Kaixuan Zeng, Jie Wei, Xia Li, Yixiong Liu, Danhui Zhao, Linni Fan, Zhou Yu, Yingmei Wang, Zengshan Li, Wei Zhang, Qingxian Bai, Qingguo Yan, Ying Guo, Zhe Wang, Shuangping Guo
Gastrointestinal diffuse large B cell lymphoma (GI DLBCL) is the most common gastrointestinal lymphoma, Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of several cancers. However, EZH2 has not been studied in GI DLBCL. Thus, we investigated EZH2 expression and EZH2 Y641 mutation in 100 GI DLBCL specimens by immunohistochemistry and sequencing. In addition, trimethylated H3K27 (H3K27me3), BCL2, c-MYC, and Ki-67 expression and Helicobacter pylori infection were detected, and BCL2 and c-MYC gene translocation were assessed...
April 21, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432224/a-bacterial-cause-of-cancer-an-historical-essay
#3
Marshall A Lichtman
This article reviews the history of the discovery of microbes that increase the risk of cancer of some tissues with a special emphasis on the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and the role played by two Australian physicians, neither schooled in research, who had open minds about the shibboleth that mycobacteria (acid-fast organisms) can survive the acid environment of the stomach, but that other pathogenic bacteria cannot. They discovered one of the most important human pathogens, Helicobacter pylori, and showed it capable of inducing severe gastric inflammatory disease...
April 21, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428516/-long-term-survival-of-a-gastric-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-patient-with-extra-regional-lymph-node-metastases
#4
Yosuke Ozawa, Naokazu Chiba, Kosuke Hikita, Masaaki Okihara, Toru Sano, Koichi Tomita, Kiminori Takano, Shigeyuki Kawachi
A 56-year-old man with advanced gastric tumor in the pyloric antrum had multiple lymph node metastases(lymph nodes #5, 6, 8, and 13), as revealed by abdominal computed tomography(CT).The patient was diagnosed with coexisting clinical Stage III A gastric cancer(cT2[SS], cN2, cM0)with concomitant malignant lymphoma.Distal gastrectomy, D2 lymph node dissection, and resection of lymph node #13 were performed.Histopathological findings indicated that both the primary tumor and lymph node metastases were neuroendocrine carcinomas...
April 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421773/exploring-jolkinol-d-derivatives-to-overcome-multidrug-resistance-in-cancer
#5
Mariana A Reis, Omar B Ahmed, Gabriella Spengler, Joseph Molnár, Hermann Lage, Maria-José U Ferreira
Macrocyclic monoacyl lathyrane derivatives bearing a benzoyl moiety were previously found to be strong ABCB1 modulators. To explore the effects of different substituents of the aromatic moiety, 14 new compounds (1.1-1.7, 1.10, and 2.1-2.4) were prepared from jolkinol D (1), obtained from Euphorbia piscatoria, and from jolkinodiol (2), its hydrolysis derivative. Compounds 1.8 and 1.9, having aliphatic moieties, were also obtained. The reversal of ABCB1-mediated MDR was evaluated through functional and chemosensitivity assays on the human ABCB1-gene-transfected L5178Y mouse T-lymphoma cell line...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421114/status-of-epstein-barr-virus-coinfection-with-helicobacter-pylori-in-gastric-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Shyam Singh, Hem Chandra Jha
Epstein-Barr virus is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus whose primary infection causes mononucleosis, Burkett's lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, autoimmune diseases, and gastric cancer (GC). The persistent infection causes malignancies in lymph and epithelial cells. Helicobacter pylori causes gastritis in human with chronic inflammation. This chronic inflammation is thought to be the cause of genomic instability. About 45%-word population have a probability of having both pathogens, namely, H. pylori and EBV...
2017: Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405535/signet-cell-in-the-brain-a-case-report-of-leptomeningeal-carcinomatosis-as-the-presenting-feature-of-gastric-signet-cell-cancer
#7
Saeed Ali, Muhammad Talha Khan, Evgeny A Idrisov, Aadil Maqsood, Fnu Asad-Ur-Rahman, Khalid Abusaada
Malignant infiltration of pia and arachnoid mater, referred to as leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC), is a rare complication of gastric carcinoma. The most common underlying malignancy in patients with LMC are leukemia, breast cancer, lymphoma, and lung cancer. We report a case of gastric adenocarcinoma that presented with LMC in the absence of overt gastrointestinal signs or symptoms. A 56-year-old Hispanic woman presented to the hospital with a three-week history of intermittent headaches and visual blurring...
March 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400819/the-role-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-primary-gastric-lymphoma
#8
REVIEW
Dimitrios Schizas, Ioannis Ntanasis-Stathopoulos, Diamantis I Tsilimigras, Athanasios D Sioulas, Demetrios Moris, Eleftherios Spartalis, Ilias Scotiniotis, Ioannis S Papanikolaou
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is considered a valuable diagnostic tool during the workup of malignant gastric lesions, including primary gastric lymphomas (PGL). Although endoscopy combined with multiple biopsies remains essential in the establishment of PGL diagnosis, EUS utilization in locoregional disease staging has been well documented in the literature. Data also support the possible role of EUS in prediction of response to first-line treatment, that is, Helicobacter pylori eradication. However, its application in the posttreatment setting remains problematic, since concordance rates between endosonography and histology findings during follow-up seem to vary substantially...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398251/proteolysis-in-helicobacter-pylori-induced-gastric-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Gernot Posselt, Jean E Crabtree, Silja Wessler
Persistent infections with the human pathogen and class-I carcinogen Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) are closely associated with the development of acute and chronic gastritis, ulceration, gastric adenocarcinoma and lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) system. Disruption and depolarization of the epithelium is a hallmark of H. pylori-associated disorders and requires extensive modulation of epithelial cell surface structures. Hence, the complex network of controlled proteolysis which facilitates tissue homeostasis in healthy individuals is deregulated and crucially contributes to the induction and progression of gastric cancer through processing of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, cell surface receptors, membrane-bound cytokines, and lateral adhesion molecules...
April 11, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397767/helicobacter-pylori-strains-and-gastric-malt-lymphoma
#10
REVIEW
Pauline Floch, Francis Mégraud, Philippe Lehours
This article summarizes the main findings concerning Helicobacter pylori associated with gastric MALT lymphoma (GML). Considered together, GML strains based on their virulence factor profile appear to be less virulent than those associated with peptic ulcers or gastric adenocarcinoma. A particular Lewis antigen profile has been identified in GML strains and could represent an alternative adaptive mechanism to escape the host immune response thereby allowing continuous antigenic stimulation of infiltrating lymphocytes...
April 8, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381144/varicella-zoster-virus-gastritis
#11
Erik W Nohr, Doha M Itani, Christopher N Andrews, Margaret M Kelly
We report varicella-zoster virus (VZV) gastritis in a 70-year-old woman postchemotherapy for lymphoma, presenting with abdominal pain, vomiting, and delirium without rash. A gastric biopsy demonstrated viral inclusions but posed a diagnostic challenge as immunohistochemistry for cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus were negative, and VZV immunohistochemistry was not available. The patient developed a vesicular rash 7 days after her symptoms began. Molecular testing of the gastric biopsy and a skin swab both confirmed VZV infection...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377138/daily-ct-guidance-improves-target-coverage-during-definitive-radiation-therapy-for-gastric-malt-lymphoma
#12
He Wang, Sarah A Milgrom, Bouthaina S Dabaja, Grace L Smith, Mary Martel, Chelsea C Pinnix
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy (RT) for gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is challenging because of variation in the stomach's position, size, and shape. We investigated the interfractional changes in stomach location, consequent dosimetric effects, and impact of daily computed tomography image guidance RT (CT-IGRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twelve patients treated for gastric MALT lymphoma with intensity modulated radiation therapy, using a breath-hold technique and restriction of oral intake, were studied retrospectively...
March 6, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373448/defining-new-colorectal-cancer-syndromes-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-the-disease
#13
Anna Forsberg, Anne Keränen, Susanna VON Holst, Simone Picelli, Nikos Papadogiannakis, Sam Ghazi, Annika Lindblom
BACKGROUND/AIM: Most known cancer syndromes confer an increased risk of more than one tumour types, and families with more than one colorectal cancer often segregate other cancers as well. The aim of this study was to examine if there is a general increased risk of other cancers in colorectal cancer families, which are defined as having two or more cases of colorectal cancer in close relatives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study used a detailed family history of cancer diagnoses in a cohort of more than 3,000 consecutive colorectal cancer cases...
April 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369849/hepatitis-b-virus-infection-is-associated-with-younger-median-age-at-diagnosis-and-death-in-cancers
#14
Xiao-Li Wei, Hui-Yan Luo, Chao-Feng Li, Ying Jin, Zhao-Lei Zeng, Huai-Qiang Ju, Qi-Nian Wu, Yun Wang, Min-Jie Mao, Wan-Li Liu, Wei-Hua Jia, Hui-Zhong Zhang, Yu-Hong Li, Feng Wang, Rui-Hua Xu
Several non-hepatocellular cancers were linked with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. This study was aimed to quantify the potential associations between HBV infection and multiple non-hepatocellular cancers. Continuous cases, including 5,715 non-cancer and 40,963 cancer cases diagnosed from 2008 to 2014 in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were analyzed. HBV DNA and hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg) were examed in gastric cancer tissues by polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical staining. After adjusting for age, sex, year of diagnosis, smoking, drinking and family history of cancer, significant associations were found between serum HBsAg and frequently reported HBV-related non-hepatocellular cancers, including non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, cholangiocarcinoma and pancreatic cancer [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) and 95% confidence interval (CI): 1...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356987/pro-apoptotic-and-anti-proliferative-effects-of-corn-silk-extract-on-human-colon-cancer-cell-lines
#15
Hao Guo, Hong Guan, Wenqin Yang, Han Liu, Huiling Hou, Xue Chen, Zhenyan Liu, Chuangang Zang, Yuchao Liu, Jicheng Liu
Corn silk is an economically and nutritionally significant natural product as it represents a staple food for a large proportion of the world population. This study investigated the anticancer activity of corn silk extract in human colon cancer cells and human gastric cancer cells. Following treatment with corn silk extract, certain apoptosis-related events were observed, including inhibition of cell proliferation, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), release of Ca2+ and release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria into the cytosol...
February 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356967/trametes-robiniophila-may-induce-apoptosis-and-inhibit-mmps-expression-in-the-human-gastric-carcinoma-cell-line-mkn-45
#16
Xuening Ji, Chunxia Pan, Xiaowen Li, Yunbin Gao, Lu Xia, Xiulian Quan, Jinyan Lv, Ruoyu Wang
Gastric carcinoma (GC) is one of the most common malignant tumors and is mainly treated by invasive surgeries. The present study aimed to investigate the treatment potential of Trametes robiniophila on GC using the human GC cell line MKN-45. Cells were incubated with Trametes robiniophila at a concentration of 0, 5 and 10 mg/ml for 24 h. The apoptosis of the cell line was examined with acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining and flow cytometry. The expression of B-cell lymphoma (Bcl)-2, Fas, caspase-3, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 was analyzed using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blotting...
February 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351796/endoscopic-appearance-of-multi-focal-primary-gastric-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#17
Judy A Trieu, Mohammad Bilal, Ali Hashmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345829/high-fluoroquinolone-resistant-strains-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-the-golden-triangle
#18
Ratha Korn Vilaichone, Thawee Ratanachu ek, Pornpen Gamnarai, Phawinee Subsomwong, Tomahisa Uchida, Yoshio Yamaoka, Varocha Mahachai
Background and aims: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections, associated with fatal GI diseases such as gastric cancer and MALT lymphoma, remain a major health problem in ASEAN countries. The Golden triangle has long been known as one of Asia’s main opium-producing areas. There have been no prior studies of H. pylori infection in this area. The major objectives of this project were therefore to establish prevalence, antibiotic resistance patterns and associated predictive in the Golden triangle. Methods: We recruited dyspeptic patients in Chiang khong and Chiang saen districts, Chiangrai province of Thailand...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325194/multimodality-treatment-of-gastric-lymphoma
#19
REVIEW
Naruhiko Ikoma, Brian D Badgwell, Paul F Mansfield
Gastric lymphoma is rare, accounting for 3% of gastric neoplasms and 10% of lymphomas. Treatment should be stratified based on histologic type, stage, Helicobacter pylori infection, and t(11;18) translocation status. Surgery is no longer a mainstay for treatment and should be reserved for rare situations such as perforation, fistula formation, and severe bleeding. Multimodal treatment, including H pylori eradication, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy, should be provided as appropriate and can result in excellent outcomes...
April 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325057/-multiple-organ-resection-for-extensive-lymphoma-in-the-abdominal-cavity
#20
L Hlaváčová, R Vrba, M Gregořík, Č Neoral
Extranodal lymphomas are quite rare, and they usually present as non-Hodgkin lymphomas. The most common localization is the gastrointestinal tract, mainly the stomach - primary gastric lymphoma; histologically, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most frequent type. The diagnosis is established based on endoscopic examination with biopsy of the tumor. It is an aggressive tumor, highly chemosensitive, which is why primary systemic chemotherapy is indicated in early, as well as late, stages of the disease...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
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