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Lijuan Sun, Kevin Wei Jie Tan, Joseph Zhien Lim, Faidon Magkos, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
PURPOSE: The magnitude of postprandial lipemia is influenced not only by the amount but also the type of fat and carbohydrate consumed. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in postprandial glucose and lipid responses after a mixed meal containing low- or high-glycemic-index (GI) carbohydrate and three different types of fat varying in the degree of saturation in healthy subjects. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, single-blinded crossover study was conducted in 20 healthy Chinese men...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Taulant Muka, Lauren C Blekkenhorst, Joshua R Lewis, Richar L Prince, Nicole S Erler, Albert Hofman, Oscar H Franco, Fernando Rivadeneira, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study whether dietary fat composition (n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids ratio (PUFAs) and PUFAs and saturated fatty acids (SFAs) ratio) is associated with total body fat (TF) and body fat distribution and whether this association was modified by the presence of chronic disease in middle-aged and elderly women in two population-based cohorts in the Netherlands and Australia. METHODS: The study was performed in the Rotterdam Study (RS), a prospective cohort study among subjects aged 55 years and older (N = 1182 women) and the Calcium Intake Fracture Outcome Study (CAIFOS), a 5-year randomized controlled trial among women age 70+ (N = 891)...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Amelia S Cook, Rochelle McCook, Peter Petocz, Fiona O'Leary, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
A single question (SQ) and a twenty-eight-item FFQ to measure takeaway meal intake were compared with two 7-d estimated food records (EFR; reference method). Test methods were completed after the reference period and repeated 6-8 d later for repeatability. The SQ asked about intake of high-SFA takeaway meals. FFQ items included low- and high-SFA meals. Test methods were compared with EFR for sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values, using a goal of ≤1 high-SFA weekly takeaway meals...
October 21, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Semra Kaçar, Mehmet Başhan, Seyit Ahmet Oymak
Fatty acid (FA) compositions of total lipid, phospholipid (PL) and triacylglycerol (TAG) fractions have been determined in muscle tissues of Silurus triostegus. The distributions of saturated fatty acid (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) proportions were found to be different among total lipid, PL and TAG fractions from lipids in muscle tissues of the male and female S. triostegus in all seasons. Triacylglycerol contained a lower proportion of PUFA and a higher proportion of MUFA and SFA than PL while PL contained higher proportion of PUFA than proportion of MUFA and SFA compared to TAG...
July 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Louis M Day, Subaraman Ramchandran, Cyrus M Jalai, Bassel G Diebo, Barthelemy Liabaud, Renaud Lafage, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Peter G Passias, Frank J Schwab, Shay Bess, Thomas J Errico, Virginie Lafage, Aaron J Buckland
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical and radiographic single-center study OBJECTIVE.: Assess simultaneous cervical spine and lower extremity compensatory changes with changes in thoracolumbar spinal alignment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Full-body stereoradiographic imaging allows better understanding of reciprocal changes in cervical and lower extremity alignment in the setting of thoracolumbar malalignment. Few studies describe the simultaneous effect of alignment correction on these mechanisms...
October 17, 2016: Spine
Hiroshi Hirose, Michiyo Takayama, Ryoko Shimizu-Hirota, Yasushi Iwao, Hiroshi Kawabe
OBJECTIVE: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) or metabolic syndrome have a larger visceral fat area (VFA) and a higher homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index; however, the associations of VFA and HOMA-IR with hypertension (HT) remains unclear. We investigated the relationships of blood pressure (BP) status with various metabolic parameters, including VFA, subcutaneous fat area (SFA) and HOMA-IR, in participants in our health checkup program. DESIGN AND METHOD: A total of 3,854 male and 2,545 female Japanese subjects, aged 16-93 years (median: 60 years), who participated in our comprehensive health checkup program between August 2012 and March 2015, were enrolled in this study...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Aslaug Drotningsvik, Svein A Mjøs, Daniela M Pampanin, Rasa Slizyte, Ana Carvajal, Tore Remman, Ingmar Høgøy, Oddrun A Gudbrandsen
The world's fisheries and aquaculture industries produce vast amounts of protein-containing by-products that can be enzymatically hydrolysed to smaller peptides and possibly be used as additives to functional foods and nutraceuticals targeted for patients with obesity-related metabolic disorders. To investigate the effects of fish protein hydrolysates on markers of metabolic disorders, obese Zucker fa/fa rats consumed diets with 75 % of protein from casein/whey (CAS) and 25 % from herring (HER) or salmon (SAL) protein hydrolysate from rest raw material, or 100 % protein from CAS for 4 weeks...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Daisuke Ueno, Takashi Kurokawa, Katsuichiro Maruo, Tsuneaki Watanabe, Jayanetti Asiri Jayawardena
INTRODUCTION: Perforation of the Schneiderian membrane is the most common complication in sinus floor augmentation (SFA). When volume of grafting is qualified to prevent enlargement of the membrane perforation, lack of bone volume may occur in optimal site. CASE PRESENTATION: SFA was performed in sites #24 to 26 in a 63-year-old male. However, a 10-mm size perforation of the Schneiderian membrane occurred in site #26. Although the sinus cavity was grafted with deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) after repair of membrane perforation, insufficient bone formation was observed on palatal and distal aspects of site #26 at 5 months after SFA...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Helen A Hamilton, Eva Brod, Ola Hanserud, Daniel B Müller, Helge Brattebø, Trond K Haraldsen
The plant-availability of phosphorus (P) plays a central role in the ability of secondary P resources to replace mineral fertilizer. This is because secondary P plant-availability varies, often with large fractions of residual P that has no immediate fertilization effect. Therefore, if low quality secondary P fertilizers are applied, they will accumulate in soils that, in the long run, may increase the risk of P runoff and eutrophication. Substance flow analyses (SFA), used to identify potentials for improved P management, have not considered this well-known quality barrier...
October 13, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Xueyi Guo, Kang Yan
Rapid development of electronic technique has led to decreasing lifespan of electronic products. Meanwhile, the amount of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is rapidly growing in recent years especially in China. The generation amount of WEEE is one of the basic information for waste management. In our study, the generation of obsolete cellular phones and metals containing of cellular phones were estimated from 1997 to 2025. The future average possession in per 100 inhabitants of cellular phones was predicted using logistic model...
October 12, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Amir Reza Radmard, Mohammad Sadegh Rahmanian, Alireza Abrishami, Ali Yoonessi, Soheil Kooraki, Mehrdad Dadgostar, Amir Pejman Hashemi Taheri, Marjan Gerami Seresht, Hossein Poustchi, Elham Jafari, Reza Malekzadeh, Shahin Merat
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and quantitative measures of central adiposity in the general population using a semi-automated method on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. METHODS: Subjects were recruited from Golestan Cohort Study. Two groups of 120 individuals with and without fatty liver were randomly selected based on findings of ultrasound. Non-invasive diagnosis of NAFLD was made by combination of ultrasound and MRI...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Han Lu, Li Xiang, Xin Cui, Jing Liu, Yinan Wang, Ravin Narain, Hongbo Zeng
In this study, poly(2-lactobionamidoethyl methacrylamide) (PLAEMA) with various molecular weights (MW) were synthesized by conventional free-radical polymerization. The effect of molecular weight and polymer dosage on the settling rate of kaolin particles, the turbidity of supernatant, mud-line position, and solid content were investigated to determine the flocculation performance. The interaction forces, polymer conformation, particle sizes and molecular weights were determined by several techniques, including surface forces apparatus (SFA), atomic force microscopy (AFM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and gel permeation chromatography (GPC)...
October 14, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Stine M Ulven, Lena Leder, Elisabeth Elind, Inger Ottestad, Jacob J Christensen, Vibeke H Telle-Hansen, Anne J Skjetne, Ellen Raael, Navida A Sheikh, Marianne Holck, Kristin Torvik, Amandine Lamglait, Kari Thyholt, Marte G Byfuglien, Linda Granlund, Lene F Andersen, Kirsten B Holven
The healthy Nordic diet has been previously shown to have health beneficial effects among subjects at risk of CVD. However, the extent of food changes needed to achieve these effects is less explored. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of exchanging a few commercially available, regularly consumed key food items (e.g. spread on bread, fat for cooking, cheese, bread and cereals) with improved fat quality on total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and inflammatory markers in a double-blind randomised, controlled trial...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Sunderajhan Sekar, Ross Crawford, Yin Xiao, Indira Prasadam
Osteoarthritis is a progressive, age-related disease characterized by the degradation of the cartilage, abnormal bone remodelling, and joint pain eventually leading to disability. The occurrence of clinically diagnosed OA and the incidence of disability show geographic variations, which suggests that lifestyle and factors such as diet play a vital role in the formation and progression of OA. Obesity is associated with a state of low-grade inflammation and increased plasma concentrations of fatty acids such as the saturated fatty acids (SFA)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Juraj Koska, Marlies K Ozias, James Deer, Julie Kurtz, Arline D Salbe, S Mitchell Harman, Peter D Reaven
BACKGROUND: Increased consumption of high-fat diets is associated with the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Current models to study the mechanisms of high-fat diet-induced IR in humans are limited by their long duration or low efficacy. In the present study we developed and characterized an acute dietary model of saturated fatty acid-enriched diet induced insulin resistance. METHODS: High caloric diets enriched with saturated fatty acids (SFA) or carbohydrates (CARB) were evaluated in subjects with normal and impaired glucose tolerance (NGT or IGT)...
November 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Chelsea Anderson, Ginger L Milne, Dale P Sandler, Hazel B Nichols
Higher levels of oxidative stress, as measured by F2-isoprostanes, have been associated with chronic diseases such as CVD and some cancers. Improvements in diet and physical activity may help reduce oxidative stress; however, previous studies regarding associations between lifestyle factors and F2-isoprostane concentrations have been inconsistent. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether physical activity and intakes of fruits/vegetables, antioxidant nutrients, dietary fat subgroups and alcohol are associated with concentrations of F2-isoprostane and the major F2-isoprostane metabolite...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Amy Botta, Sanjoy Ghosh
Anecdotal evidence suggests that the incorporation of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-6 PUFA) containing oilseeds in dairy feeds deplete saturated fatty acids (SFA) in dairy fats like butter. However, due to the lack of chemical evidence, the current status of n-6 PUFA or SFA in butter is unknown. We hypothesized that n-6 PUFA levels in commercial butter were inversely proportional to its SFA content and directly proportional to the extent of n-6 PUFA-rich oilseed production of its country of origin. We analyzed grass-fed and commercial butters from Australia, Belarus, Canada, China, England, France, Germany, Iceland, India, Israel, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Russia and the USA via gas chromatography...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Guoyuan Xiong, Xueqin Gao, Haibo Zheng, Xin Li, Xinglian Xu, Guanghong Zhou
This study evaluated the differences of physico-chemical and nutritional qualities between abnormal colored chicken livers (ANCCLs) and normal colored chicken livers (NCCLs) and the safety of the both livers. Compared with NCCLs, ANCCLs were lower in protein, water contents (P < 0.01), pH and pigment contents (P < 0.05). NCCLs contained higher polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and saturated fatty acids (SFA) (P < 0.05). The PUFA/SFA ratio of NCCLs was 0.453, higher (P < 0.05) than that of ANCCLs...
October 10, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Agata Kornek, Alicja Kucharska, Katarzyna Kamela
INTRODUCTION: Research increasingly provide evidence that vegetarian diet can have a positive impact on health. The aim of this study was to analyze the fatty acid profile of vegetarian and non-vegetarian diet and prove which of them is more optimal in the context of some diet-related diseases prevention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 83 women (47 vegetarians and 36 non-vegetarians). Estimates of the supply of individual fatty acids in the diet was based on analysis of 3-day dietary records (calculations in a computer program DIETA 5)...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
F P Campion, F M McGovern, S Lott, A G Fahey, P Creighton, T M Boland
The objectives of this study were 1) to compare the effects of a ME () or a NE () system for rationing ewes during late gestation on ewe and progeny performance and 2) to investigate incremental increases in NE allocation above 100% of recommendation during late gestation on ewe and progeny performance. Fifty-two twin-bearing ewes ( = 13 per treatment) were rationed to either 100% of recommended ME requirements (100% ME) or 100, 110, or 120% of recommended NE requirements (100% NE, 110% NE, and 120% NE) from d 112 of gestation to parturition...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
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