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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211551/eating-habits-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-recurrent-depressive-disorders
#1
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Urszula Cwalina, Beata Konarzewska, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Lucyna Ostrowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the research was to assess the fatty acid content and atherogenicity of daily food rations in patients with recurrent depressive disorders in the aspect of risk of developing cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The study included 126 persons (62 persons with diagnosed recurrent depressive disorders and 64 healthy volunteers). A 24-hour recall was used in the quantitative assessment of the diet. Anthropometric and chemical measurements as well as body composition analysis were used to assess the nutritional status...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209162/fatty-acid-and-cholesterol-profiles-hypocholesterolemic-atherogenic-and-thrombogenic-indices-of-broiler-meat-in-the-retail-market
#2
Youssef A Attia, Mohammed A Al-Harthi, Mohamed A Korish, Mohamed M Shiboob
BACKGROUND: Broiler meat is an essential source of food due to its favourable effects on human health derived from its protein, fats, minerals, vitamins and its bioactive components. METHODS: A total of 90 carcasses were collected from the retail market in Jeddah city, Saudi Arabia during April, May and June 2014 to determine the effects of meat type (frozen vs. fresh) and sources within fresh types (A, B, C) vs. frozen types (D, E and F) on their fatty acid profiles, cholesterol, their hypocholesterolemic, atherogenic and thrombogenic indices, and on their antioxidants' status...
February 16, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208667/dietary-fatty-acids-and-changes-in-blood-lipids-during-adolescence-the-role-of-substituting-nutrient-intakes
#3
Carla Harris, Anette Buyken, Sibylle Koletzko, Andrea von Berg, Dietrich Berdel, Tamara Schikowski, Berthold Koletzko, Joachim Heinrich, Marie Standl
The relevance of dietary fatty acids (FA) for blood lipids should be assessed in the context of substituting nutrients. Such evidence is lacking for adolescents. This study describes prospective associations of dietary FA with changes in serum lipids during adolescence, and considers the theoretical isocaloric replacements of saturated FA (SFA) with other FA or carbohydrates (CHO). Children from the GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohorts, with data on FA intakes (at age 10 years) and serum lipids (at age 10 and 15 years), were included (n = 1398)...
February 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203023/-randomized-controlled-trial-to-superficial-femoral-artery-recanalization-for-lower-extremity-arteriosclerosis-obliterans
#4
J M Zhuang, X Li, T R Li, J Zhao, J Y Luan, C M Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of neglecting superficial femoral artery (SFA) recanalization for chronic lower extremity arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO). METHODS: Thirty-six cases treated for severe stenosis or occlusion of superficial femoral artery resulted from ASO were randomly divided into 2 groups. Twenty of them were treated by endovascular reconstruction of superficial femoral artery and the other 16 cases were not treated with their superficial femoral artery, but were only treated with the accompanied iliac and/or profunda femoral artery lesion...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198164/influence-of-maternal-and-socioeconomic-factors-on-breast-milk-fatty-acid-composition-in-urban-low-income-families
#5
Uma Nayak, Suman Kanungo, Dadong Zhang, E Ross Colgate, Marya P Carmolli, Ayan Dey, Masud Alam, Byomkesh Manna, Ranjan Kumar Nandy, Deok Ryun Kim, Dilip Kumar Paul, Saugato Choudhury, Sushama Sahoo, William S Harris, Thomas F Wierzba, Tahmeed Ahmed, Beth D Kirkpatrick, Rashidul Haque, William A Petri, Josyf C Mychaleckyj
The lipid composition of breast milk may have a significant impact on early infant growth and cognitive development. Comprehensive breast milk data is lacking from low-income populations in the Indian subcontinent impeding assessment of deficiencies and limiting development of maternal nutritional interventions. A single breast milk specimen was collected within 6 weeks postpartum from two low-income maternal cohorts of exclusively breastfed infants, from Dhaka, Bangladesh (n = 683) and Kolkata, India (n = 372) and assayed for percentage composition of 26 fatty acids...
February 15, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194404/a-note-on-fatty-acids-profile-of-meat-from-broiler-chickens-supplemented-with-inorganic-or-organic-selenium
#6
Marta Del Puerto, M Cristina Cabrera, Ali Saadoun
This investigation evaluated, in broiler chickens Pectoralis and Gastrocnemius muscles, the effect of the dietary supplementation with sodium selenite (0.3 ppm) versus selenomethionine (0.3 ppm), on the fatty acids composition, lipids indices, and enzymes indexes for desaturase, elongase, and thioesterase. The selenium reduced, in both muscles, the content of atherogenic fatty acids, C14:0 and C16:0, while it increased the C18:1 level. On the other hand, selenium increased, in both muscles, the content of C18:3n3 and EPA, but not DPA and DHA...
2017: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183443/improvement-of-the-omega-3-index-of-healthy-subjects-does-not-alter-the-effects-of-dietary-saturated-fats-or-n-6pufa-on-ldl-profiles
#7
Cintia B Dias, Núria Amigó, Lisa G Wood, Roger Mallol, Xavier Correig, Manohar L Garg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dietary fat composition is known to modulate circulating lipid and lipoprotein levels. Although supplementation with long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn-3PUFA) has been shown to reduce plasma triglyceride levels, the effect of the interactions between LCn-3PUFA and the major dietary fats consumed has not been previously investigated. METHODS: In a randomized controlled parallel design clinical intervention, we examined the effect of diets rich in either saturated fatty acids (SFA) or omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6PUFA) on plasma lipid levels and lipoprotein profiles (lipoprotein size, concentration and distribution in subclasses) in subjects with an adequate omega 3 index...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183305/controlling-of-growth-performance-lipid-deposits-and-fatty-acid-composition-of-chicken-meat-through-a-probiotic-lactobacillus-johnsonii-during-subclinical-clostridium-perfringens-infection
#8
Hesong Wang, Xueqin Ni, Lei Liu, Dong Zeng, Jing Lai, Xiaodan Qing, Guangyao Li, Kangcheng Pan, Bo Jing
BACKGROUND: Meat is considered as a major source of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) which is essential for humans, therefore its lipid level and fatty acid composition have drawn great attention. As no clinical sign can be found in chicks subclinically infected by Clostridium perfringens (CP), the meat may be purchased and eaten. The objective of the present study was to determine whether Lactobacillus johnsonii (LJ) can control the CP-caused impact on growth, lipid levels, fatty acid composition and other flavor or nutritional quality in the meat...
February 10, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178417/surface-forces-and-interaction-mechanisms-of-emulsion-drops-and-gas-bubbles-in-complex-fluids
#9
Lei Xie, Chen Shi, Xin Cui, Hongbo Zeng
The interactions of emulsion drops and gas bubbles in complex fluids play important roles in a wide range of biological and technological applications, such as programmable drug and gene delivery, formation of emulsions and foams, and froth flotation of mineral particles. In this feature article, we have reviewed our recent progress on the quantification of surface forces and interaction mechanisms of gas bubbles and emulsion drops in different material systems by using several complementary techniques, including drop/bubble probe atomic force microscope (AFM), surface forces apparatus (SFA) and four-roll mill fluidic device...
February 8, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177375/production-composition-fatty-acid-profile-and-sensory-analysis-of-goat-milk-in-goats-fed-buriti-oil
#10
J S Morais, L R Bezerra, A M A Silva, M J Araújo, R L Oliveira, R L Edvan, J N C Torreão, D P D Lanna
This study evaluated the effects of replacing ground corn with buriti oil ( L.) on feed intake and digestibility and on the production, composition, fatty acid profile and sensory characteristics of goat milk. A double Latin square (4 × 4) was used; eight goats were distributed in a completely randomized design. The square comprised four periods and four buriti oil concentration (0.00; 1.50; 3.00 and 4.50% of total DM) replacing corn. Intakes of DM, CP, NDF, ADF, non-fibrous carboydrates (NFC) and TDN were not affected by the replacement of corn with oil in the diet...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162108/nutrient-intake-variability-and-the-number-of-days-needed-to-estimate-usual-intake-in-children-aged-13-32-months
#11
Luana L Padilha, Ana Karina T D C França, Sueli I O da Conceição, Wyllyane Rayana C Carvalho, Mônica A Batalha, Antônio A M da Silva
The number of days of data required to accurately estimate usual nutrient intake of children is not well established. This study aims to calculate the variability and the number of days required to estimate usual nutrient intake in children aged 13-32 months. This cross-sectional study, which is part of the BRISA Project in São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil, involved 231 children from April 2011 to January 2013. Socio-economic and demographic data were collected using a questionnaire, and 3 non-consecutive days of food consumption were collected using a 24-h dietary recall (24HDR) survey...
February 6, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160669/effect-of-sex-hormone-levels-sex-body-mass-index-and-other-host-factors-on-human-craniofacial-bone-regeneration-with-bioactive-tricalcium-phosphate-grafts
#12
Christine Knabe, Aynur Mele, Peter Herbert Kann, Barbara Peleska, Doaa Adel-Khattab, Harald Renz, Alexander Reuss, Marc Bohner, Michael Stiller
Little is known regarding the associations between sex-hormone levels, sex, body mass index (BMI), age, other host factors and biomaterial stimulated bone regeneration in the human craniofacial skeleton. The aim of this study was to elucidate the associations between these factors and bone formation after sinus floor augmentation procedures (SFA) utilizing a bioactive tricalcium phosphate (TCP) bone grafting material. We conducted a prospective study in a human population in which 60 male and 60 female participants underwent SFA and dental implant placement using a staged approach...
January 28, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160266/investigation-of-stent-implant-mechanics-using-linear-analytical-and-computational-approach
#13
Hua Yang, Aleksandra Fortier, Kyle Horne, Atif Mohammad, Subhash Banerjee, Hai-Chao Han
Stent implants are essential in restoring normal blood flow in atherosclerotic arteries. Recent studies have shown high failure rates of stent implants in superficial femoral artery (SFA) as a result of dynamic loading environment imposed on the stent implants by the diseased arterial wall and turbulent blood flow. There are variety of stent designs and materials currently on the market however, there is no clear understanding if specific stent design is suitable with the material that is manufactured from and if this combination can sustain the life-cycle that the stent implants need to undergo once inside the artery...
February 3, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155247/flow-mediated-dilation-assessment-in-the-superficial-femoral-artery-using-a-sustained-shear-stress-stimulus-via-calf-plantar-flexion-exercise
#14
T J King, S M Schmitter, K E Pyke
: The superficial femoral artery (SFA) is susceptible to vascular disease, and a technique to assess flow mediated dilation (FMD) in this vessel in response to a sustained shear stress stimulus could provide important information about endothelial function. PURPOSE: To establish the ability of a newly designed SFA leg exercise-FMD (LEX-FMD) technique to produce sustained elevations in shear rate which stimulate FMD, and to determine the repeat trial stability of the FMD response...
February 2, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145068/interorgan-cross-talk-between-fatty-acid-metabolism-tissue-inflammation-and-fads2-genotype-in-humans-with-obesity
#15
Maija Vaittinen, Ville Männistö, Pirjo Käkelä, Jyrki Ågren, Mika Tiainen, Ursula Schwab, Jussi Pihlajamäki
OBJECTIVE: Fatty acid (FA) composition affects obesity-associated low-grade inflammation. It has been shown that the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) 2 gene polymorphism associates with FA metabolism and adipose tissue (AT) inflammation. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between FA metabolism and inflammation in different tissues and the possible interorgan cross talk. METHODS: Cross-sectional baseline data from 155 individuals with obesity (both male and female) participating in the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass operation in the ongoing Kuopio Obesity Surgery Study were used...
February 1, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137585/saturation-of-serca-s-lipid-annulus-may-protect-against-its-thermal-inactivation
#16
Val Andrew Fajardo, Natalie Trojanowski, Laura M Castelli, Paula M Miotto, Foyinsola Amoye, Wendy E Ward, A Russell Tupling, Paul J LeBlanc
The sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) pumps are integral membrane proteins that catalyze the active transport of Ca(2+) into the sarcoplasmic reticulum, thereby eliciting muscle relaxation. SERCA pumps are highly susceptible to oxidative damage, and cytoprotection of SERCA dampens thermal inactivation and is a viable therapeutic strategy in combating diseases where SERCA activity is impaired, such as muscular dystrophy. Here, we sought to determine whether increasing the percent of saturated fatty acids (SFA) within SERCA's lipid annulus through diet could protect SERCA pumps from thermal inactivation...
January 27, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137328/impact-of-dietary-fat-composition-on-prediabetes-a-12-year-follow-up-study
#17
Sridevi Krishnan, Lyn M Steffen, Chad M Paton, Jamie A Cooper
OBJECTIVE: Dietary fatty acid composition likely affects prediabetic conditions such as isolated impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT); however, this risk has not been evaluated in a large population nor has it been followed prospectively. DESIGN: Diet, physical activity, anthropometric, socio-economic and blood glucose data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study were obtained from BioLINCC. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to evaluate associations of dietary SFA, MUFA, PUFA, n-3 fatty acid (FA) and n-6 FA intakes with incidence of one (isolated IFG) or two (IFG with IGT) prediabetic conditions at the end of 12-year follow-up...
January 31, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133820/dietary-inclusion-of-tomato-pomace-improves-meat-oxidative-stability-of-young-pigs
#18
C S Correia, C M Alfaia, M S Madeira, P A Lopes, T J S Matos, L F Cunha, J A M Prates, J P B Freire
The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional effect of tomato pomace, in combination with two distinct fat sources (lard or soya bean oil), on longissimus lumborum muscle, subcutaneous fat and liver of young pigs. Forty male pigs of 4 weeks old were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments using two fibre sources (wheat bran or 5.0% tomato pomace) and two fat sources (lard or soya bean oil), in a 2 × 2 factorial design for a 5-week trial. Tomato pomace did not improve colour, fatty acid profile, cholesterol content or lipid oxidation, nor did it yield detectable levels in lycopene or β-carotene in the meat (p > 0...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133815/comparison-of-nutritional-and-antinutritional-traits-among-different-species-lupinus-albus-l-lupinus-luteus-l-lupinus-angustifolius-l-and-varieties-of-lupin-seeds
#19
N Musco, M I Cutrignelli, S Calabrò, R Tudisco, F Infascelli, R Grazioli, V Lo Presti, F Gresta, B Chiofalo
In order to promote the use of lupin in pig nutrition, in this research the nutritional characteristics (i.e. dietary fibre, alkaloid and fatty acid profile) and the in vitro gas production of 12 lupin varieties grown in the Mediterranean basin and belonging to three lupin species (Lupinus albus, Lupinus angustifolius and Lupinus luteus) were assessed. Four varieties of L. albus (Asfer, Lublanc, Lutteur and Multitalia) were grown in South Campania. Three varieties of L. luteus (Dukat, Mister and Taper), three of L...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129448/differential-regulation-of-sphingolipid-metabolism-in-plasma-hippocampus-and-cerebral-cortex-of-mice-administered-sphingolipid-modulating-agents
#20
Corey Giles, Ryusuke Takechi, Natalie A Mellett, Peter J Meikle, Satvinder Dhaliwal, John C Mamo
Accumulation of ceramide is implicated in mediating the cellular responses to stress and aberrant sphingolipid metabolism is frequently associated with metabolic and neurodegenerative diseases. It is often assumed that (1) peripheral disturbances in sphingolipid concentrations are reflective of processes occurring in the brain, or (2) circulating sphingolipids directly influence cerebral sphingolipid abundance. In order to address these assumptions, this study explores, in a physiological system, the metabolic pathways regulating sphingolipid metabolism in the brain and plasma of mice...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
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