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Xuemei Ding, Yang Yu, Zhuowei Su, Keying Zhang
The study was conducted to investigate the effect of essential oils on performance, egg quality, nutrient digestibility and yolk fatty acid profile in laying hens. A total of 960 Lohmann laying hens aged 53 weeks were enrolled, under 4 different treatment diets supplemented with 0, 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg essential oils (Enviva EO, Dupont Nutrition Biosciences ApS, Denmark), respectively. Each treatment was replicated 8 times with 30 birds each. Birds were fed dietary treatment diets for 12 weeks (54 to 65 weeks)...
June 2017: Animal nutrition
Xavier Escoté, Elisa Félix-Soriano, Lucía Gayoso, Ana Elsa Huerta, María Antonella Alvarado, Diana Ansorena, Iciar Astiasarán, J Alfredo Martínez, María Jesús Moreno-Aliaga
FGF21 has emerged as a key metabolism and energy homeostasis regulator. Dietary supplementation with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and/or α-lipoic acid (LIP) has shown beneficial effects on obesity. In this study, we evaluated EPA and/or LIP effects on plasma FGF21 and the fatty acid (FA) profile in overweight/obese women following hypocaloric diets. At the baseline, FGF21 levels were negatively related to the AST/ALT ratio and HMW adiponectin. The weight loss did not cause any significant changes in FGF21 levels, but after the intervention FGF21 increased in EPA-supplemented groups compared to non-EPA-supplemented groups...
May 16, 2018: Food & Function
Y Akter, S Greenhalgh, M R Islam, C Hutchison, C J O'Shea
The shelf-life of eggs which contain elevated levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) is compromised due to the relative instability and therefore greater potential for lipid peroxidation of unsaturated fatty acids (FA). Poultry that are highly feed efficient (HFE) exhibit higher systemic levels of antioxidant enzymes, and therefore may produce eggs with improved albumen quality and favorable FA profiles that are stable over time. We tested the hypothesis that HFE laying hens produce eggs with improved internal egg quality and a favorable yolk FA profile prior to and following storage...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Monika Sobol, Stanisława Raj, Grzegorz Skiba
Consumption of a high-fat diet, rich in SFA, causes deterioration of bone properties. Some studies suggest that feeding inulin to animals may increase mineral absorption and positively affect bone quality; however, these studies have been carried out only on rodents fed a standard diet. The primary objective of this study was to determine the effect of inulin on bone health of pigs (using it as an animal model for humans) fed a high-fat diet rich in SFA, having an unbalanced ratio of lysine:metabolisable energy...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Linn K L Øyri, Patrik Hansson, Martin P Bogsrud, Ingunn Narverud, Geir Florholmen, Lena Leder, Marte G Byfuglien, Marit B Veierød, Stine M Ulven, Kirsten B Holven
Postprandial hypertriacylglycerolaemia is associated with an increased risk of developing CVD. How fat quality influences postprandial lipid response is scarcely explored in subjects with familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH). The aim of this study was to investigate the postprandial response of TAG and lipid sub-classes after consumption of high-fat meals with different fat quality in subjects with FH compared with normolipidaemic controls. A randomised controlled double-blind cross-over study with two meals and two groups was performed...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Michael Y Appel, Liat Nachshon, Arnon Elizur, Michael B Levy, Yitzhak Katz, Michael R Goldberg
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sesame food allergy (SFA) has increased over recent years, with the potential of anaphylactic reactions upon exposure. Oral food challenge (OFC) remains the diagnostic standard, yet its implementation may be risky. Commercial skin prick tests (SPT) have a low sensitivity. Investigation of alternate diagnostic methods is warranted. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of SPT and the basophil activation test (BAT) for SFA diagnosis. METHODS: Eighty-two patients with suspected SFA completed an open OFC to sesame or reported a recent confirmed reaction...
May 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Yu-Han Chiu, Kimberly A Bertrand, Shumin Zhang, Francine Laden, Mara M Epstein, Bernard A Rosner, Stephanie Chiuve, Hannia Campos, Edward L Giovannucci, Jorge E Chavarro, Brenda M Birmann
Circulating saturated (SFA) and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), which are predominantly derived from endogenous metabolism, may influence non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) risk by modulating inflammation or lymphocyte membrane stability. However, few biomarker studies have evaluated NHL risk associated with these fats. We conducted a prospective study of 583 incident NHL cases and 583 individually matched controls with archived pre-diagnosis red blood cell (RBC) specimens in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS)...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi, Leila Azadbakht, Noushin Mohammadifard, Maryam Maghroun, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: The present study aimed to assess the usual distribution of energy and macronutrient intake among a large representative sample of Iranian healthy middle-aged and elderly people. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a second follow-up survey of the Isfahan Cohort Study (ICS) was carried out; 1922 people aged 40 years and older were investigated. Dietary intakes were collected using 24-hour recall and two or more consecutive food records. Distribution of energy and macronutrient intake was estimated using traditional and National Cancer Institute (NCI) methods...
May 10, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
Donato Gerardi, Arturo Alfani, Tullio Tesorio, Angelo Cioppa, Giovanni Esposito, Eugenio Stabile
The femoropopliteal artery is one of the commonest sites of involvement in peripheral artery disease (PAD) leading to intermittent claudication and/or critical limb ischemia. Endovascular therapy for superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease has been recognized as a safe and efficient therapy and is recommended by current guidelines as the first-line approach. Although the widespread use of new-generation, self-expanding, nitinol stents in SFA stenosis has reduced the shortcomings associated with plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA), lumen renarrowing at the stented (in-stent restenosis - ISR) level still represents a relevant clinical problem, because of higher risk of recurrent ISR, occlusion and surgical revascularization compared to de-novo lesions...
2018: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
Mohsen Mazidi, Hong-Kai Gao, Andre Pascal Kengne
In the present study, we aimed to examine the association between lipid accumulation product (LAP) and visceral adiposity index (VAI) with dietary pattern (DP) in the US adults. Participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) with data available on dietary intake from 2005 to 2010 were included. DPs were derived by principal component analysis. We applied analysis of covariance and multivariable-adjusted linear regressions accounting for the masked variance and utilizing the proposed weighting methodology...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Michelle Weech, Hana Altowaijri, Jordi Mayneris-Perxachs, Katerina Vafeiadou, Jacqueline Madden, Susan Todd, Kim G Jackson, Julie A Lovegrove, Parveen Yaqoob
Background: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and microparticles are emerging as novel markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, which could potentially be modified by dietary fat. We have previously shown that replacing dietary saturated fatty acids (SFAs) with monounsaturated or n-6 (ω-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs or PUFAs, respectively) improved lipid biomarkers, blood pressure, and markers of endothelial activation, but their effects on circulating EPCs and microparticles are unclear...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Laura Trijsburg, Jeanne Hm de Vries, Peter Ch Hollman, Paul Jm Hulshof, Pieter van 't Veer, Hendriek C Boshuizen, Anouk Geelen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of the commonly used 24 h recall (24hR) with the more distinct duplicate portion (DP) as reference method for validation of fatty acid intake estimated with an FFQ. DESIGN: Intakes of SFA, MUFA, n-3 fatty acids and linoleic acid (LA) were estimated by chemical analysis of two DP and by on average five 24hR and two FFQ. Plasma n-3 fatty acids and LA were used to objectively compare ranking of individuals based on DP and 24hR...
May 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Sabine Steiner, Andrea Willfort-Ehringer, Horst Sievert, Volker Geist, Michael Lichtenberg, Costantino Del Giudice, Antoine Sauguet, Juan Diaz-Cartelle, Claudia Marx, Armin Ströbel, Ingolf Schult, Dierk Scheinert
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to evaluate the performance of the Ranger paclitaxel-coated balloon versus uncoated balloon angioplasty for femoropopliteal lesions at 12 months. BACKGROUND: Drug-coated balloons (DCBs) are a promising endovascular treatment option for peripheral artery disease of the femoropopliteal segment, and each unique device requires dedicated clinical study. METHODS: The prospective, randomized RANGER SFA (Comparison of the Ranger™ Paclitaxel-Coated PTA Balloon Catheter and Uncoated PTA Balloons in Femoropopliteal Arteries) study (NCT02013193) enrolled 105 patients with symptomatic lower limb ischemia (Rutherford category 2 to 4) and stenotic lesions in the nonstented femoropopliteal segment at 10 European centers...
April 27, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Zahra Raziei, Danial Kahrizi, Hosein Rostami-Ahmadvandi
Due to the importance of Camelina for low expectation (water and other inputs) and as an oil crop, Soheil cultivar was cultivated in Ardebil, Hamedan, Rasht, Ilam, Kermanshah, Karaj, Mashhad, Ahvaz and Bushehr Provinces. Fatty acids were measured with MG-Mass. Results showed that morphological traits were not very dependent on the climate, but the profile of the fatty acids was dependent. ANOVA of the effects of climate on the saturated fatty acid showed that there were significant differences between climates for all studied SFAs (P<0...
April 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Yu Jie Zhou, Ya Jie Guo, Xiao Li Yang, Zhou Luo Ou
Background: Cervical cancer is one of the leading severe malignancies throughout the world. Sophra flavescens alkaloid (SFA) gels, a compound Traditional Chinese Medicine, has been clinically used in China for many years. Its individual active ingredients are matrine and oxymatrine, which has been showed that they can restrain primary tumorigenesis, while the underlying molecular mechanisms of SFA gels in cervical cancer cells remain unclear. Methods: To detect the effect of SFA gels and its active ingredients, CCK-8 assay and colony assay were used on cervical cancer cells proliferation...
2018: Journal of Cancer
Xuhong Hou, Peizhu Chen, Gang Hu, Li Wei, Lei Jiao, Hongmei Wang, Yebei Liang, Yuqian Bao, Weiping Jia
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the associations of abdominal visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue with blood glucose and beta-cell function. METHODS: In this study, 11,223 participants without known diabetes were selected for this cross-sectional analysis. Visceral and subcutaneous fat area (VFA and SFA) were measured by magnetic resonance imaging. An oral glucose tolerance test was conducted, and beta-cell function was evaluated. RESULTS: Men had significantly larger VFA but smaller SFA than women...
May 2, 2018: Obesity
Kang Hong Lee, Bo-Kyeong Kang, Byung Kyu Ahn
PURPOSE: Obesity is thought to influence postoperative complications and recurrence of mid and low rectal cancer (MLRC) because of intraoperative technical difficulties. However, few reports have described the relationship between obesity indices and the clinical outcomes of MLRC. This study aimed to investigate the association between visceral obesity on computed tomography (CT) and oncolofical outcomes after surgery for MLRC and identify the obesity index that most accurately reflects clinical outcomes...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Evangelia Antonia Efstratiadou, Ilias Papathanasiou, Rachel Holland, Anastasia Archonti, Katerina Hilari
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review treatment studies of semantic feature analysis (SFA) for persons with aphasia. The review documents how SFA is used, appraises the quality of the included studies, and evaluates the efficacy of SFA. Method: The following electronic databases were systematically searched (last search February 2017): Academic Search Complete, CINAHL Plus, E-journals, Health Policy Reference Centre, MEDLINE, PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO, and SocINDEX...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
S A Papoian, A A Shchegolev, A N Radchenko, D G Gromov, M M Mutaev, M Iu Sazonov, A G Ishevskiĭ
The article reflects the experience in and efficacy of endovascular interventions in patients presenting with type C and D lesions of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) according to the TASC II classification. The study included a total of 89 patients with the pathology involved. The obtained findings demonstrated encouraging immediate and remote results of the interventions performed, thus making it possible to recommend the use of angioplasty and stenting of long occlusions of the SFA, yielding satisfactory results in the majority of cases, both immediately after the operation and in the remote period...
2018: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
Victor Moutinho, Mara Madaleno, Pedro Macedo, Margarita Robaina, Carlos Marques
This article intends to compute agriculture technical efficiency scores of 27 European countries during the period 2005-2012, using both data envelopment analysis (DEA) and stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) with a generalized cross-entropy (GCE) approach, for comparison purposes. Afterwards, by using the scores as dependent variable, we apply quantile regressions using a set of possible influencing variables within the agricultural sector able to explain technical efficiency scores. Results allow us to conclude that although DEA and SFA are quite distinguishable methodologies, and despite attained results are different in terms of technical efficiency scores, both are able to identify analogously the worst and better countries...
April 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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