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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820080/diet-quality-and-its-implications-on-the-cardio-metabolic-physical-and-general-health-of-older-men-the-concord-health-and-ageing-in-men-project-champ
#1
Rosilene V Ribeiro, Vasant Hirani, Alistair M Senior, Alison K Gosby, Robert G Cumming, Fiona M Blyth, Vasi Naganathan, Louise M Waite, David J Handelsman, Hal Kendig, Markus J Seibel, Stephen J Simpson, Fiona Stanaway, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, David G Le Couteur
The revised Dietary Guideline Index (DGI-2013) scores individuals' diets according to their compliance with the Australian Dietary Guideline (ADG). This cross-sectional study assesses the diet quality of 794 community-dwelling men aged 74 years and older, living in Sydney, Australia participating in the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project; it also examines sociodemographic and lifestyle factors associated with DGI-2013 scores; it studies associations between DGI-2103 scores and the following measures: homoeostasis model assessment - insulin resistance, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, TAG, blood pressure, waist:hip ratio, BMI, number of co-morbidities and medications and frailty status while also accounting for the effect of ethnicity in these relationships...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815169/technical-efficiency-of-rural-primary-health-care-system-for-diabetes-treatment-in-iran-a-stochastic-frontier-analysis
#2
Mostafa Qorbani, Farshad Farzadfar, Reza Majdzadeh, Kazem Mohammad, Abbas Motevalian
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to explore the technical efficiency (TE) of the Iranian rural primary healthcare (PHC) system for diabetes treatment coverage rate using the stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) as well as to examine the strength and significance of the effect of human resources density on diabetes treatment. METHODS: In the SFA model diabetes treatment coverage rate, as a output, is a function of health system inputs (Behvarz worker density, physician density, and rural health center density) and non-health system inputs (urbanization rate, median age of population, and wealth index) as a set of covariates...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805916/the-reduction-of-starch-in-finishing-diets-supplemented-with-oil-does-not-prevent-the-accumulation-of-trans-10-18-1-in-lamb-meat
#3
M Costa, S P Alves, A Francisco, J Almeida, C M Alfaia, S V Martins, J A M Prates, J Santos-Silva, O Doran, R J B Bessa
The experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that the replacement of cereal with low-starch feed ingredients in lambs' finishing diets supplemented with oils could prevent the accumulation of -10-18:1 in meat. Forty lambs were fed 1 of 4 diets supplemented with soybean oil (5.9%) and fish oil (1%) for 6 wk before slaughter. The control (CON) diet contained 43% barley, and in the other diets, barley was completely replaced by dehydrated citrus pulp (DCP), dehydrated sugar beet pulp (DBP), or soybean hulls (SH)...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805896/the-composition-of-dietary-fat-alters-the-transcriptional-profile-of-pathways-associated-with-lipid-metabolism-in-the-liver-and-adipose-tissue-in-the-pig
#4
T A Kellner, N K Gabler, J F Patience
The objective was to investigate the of effect chemical composition of dietary fat on transcription of genes involved in lipid metabolism in adipose tissue and the liver via transcriptional profiling in growing pigs. A total of 48 Genetiporc 6.0 × Genetiporc F25 (PIC, Inc., Hendersonville, TN) barrows (initial BW of 44.1 ± 1.2 kg) were randomly allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments. Each experimental diet included 95% of a corn-soybean meal basal diet and 5% cornstarch (control; CNTR), animal-vegetable blend (AV), coconut oil (COCO), corn oil (COIL), fish oil (FO), or tallow (TAL)...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805886/effects-of-sunflower-soap-stocks-on-light-lamb-meat-quality
#5
C Blanco, J F Giráldez, L Morán, J Mateo, L H Villalobos-Delgado, S Andrés, R Bodas
Thirty-two lambs were used to study the effect of sunflower soap stocks (SS), a by-product from the vegetable oil refinery industry, on meat chemical composition, fatty acid profile, volatile compounds, and consumer acceptability. Lambs were finished (average length of fattening period 35 ± 7.3 d, 26.8 ± 0.09 kg final BW) on a pelleted total mixed ration (TMR) with no SS (00SS) or including 15, 30 or 60 g SS/kg (15SS, 30SS, and 60SS, respectively). Sunflower soap stocks decreased the percentage of SFA, increased the proportion of -MUFA ( < 0...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803596/associations-of-baltic-sea-and-mediterranean-dietary-patterns-with-bone-mineral-density-in-elderly-women
#6
Arja T Erkkilä, Homa Sadeghi, Masoud Isanejad, Jaakko Mursu, Marjo Tuppurainen, Heikki Kröger
OBJECTIVE: Dietary quality in relation to bone health has been analysed in relatively few studies. The current study aimed to assess the association of the Baltic Sea diet (BSD) and the Mediterranean diet (MD) with bone mineral density (BMD) among elderly women. DESIGN: Lumbar, femoral and total body BMD were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline and year 3. Dietary intake was measured by 3 d food record at baseline. BSD and MD scores were calculated from food and alcohol consumption and nutrient intake...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803023/consumer-acceptance-of-dairy-products-with-a-saturated-fatty-acid-reduced-monounsaturated-fatty-acid-enriched-content
#7
Oonagh Markey, Kallis Souroullas, Colette C Fagan, Kirsty E Kliem, Dafni Vasilopoulou, Kim G Jackson, David J Humphries, Alistair S Grandison, David I Givens, Julie A Lovegrove, Lisa Methven
Agriculture-based reformulation initiatives, including oleic acid-rich lipid supplementation of the dairy cow diet, provide a novel means for reducing intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA) at a population level. In a blinded manner, this study evaluated the consumer acceptance of SFA-reduced, monounsaturated fatty acid-enriched (modified) milk, Cheddar cheese, and butter when compared with control and commercially available comparative samples. The effect of providing nutritional information about the modified cheese was also evaluated...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795638/short-term-results-of-the-rapid-randomized-trial-of-the-legflow-paclitaxel-eluting-balloon-with-supera-stenting-vs-supera-stenting-alone-for-the-treatment-of-intermediate-and-long-superficial-femoral-artery-lesions
#8
Sanne W de Boer, Daniel A F van den Heuvel, Debbie A B de Vries-Werson, Jan Albert Vos, Bram Fioole, Damnis Vroegindeweij, Otto E Elgersma, Rudolph P Tutein Nolthenius, Jan M M Heyligers, Gerlof P T Bosma, Bernart de Leeuw, Lee H Bouwman, Dittmar Böckler, Dmitriy I Dovzhanskiy, Floris W F Vos, Ted W F Vink, Pieter G A Hooijboer, Rutger J Hissink, Jean-Paul P M de Vries
PURPOSE: To report a randomized trial comparing the Legflow paclitaxel-eluting balloon (PEB) + Supera stenting to Supera stenting alone in patients with intermediate to long superficial femoral artery (SFA) lesions. METHODS: The multicenter RAPID trial ( controlled-trials.com ; identifier ISRCTN47846578) randomized (1:1) 160 patients (mean age 67 years; 102 men) with Rutherford category 2-6 ischemia to treatment with Legflow PEB + Supera stent or Supera stent alone in intermediate to long SFA lesions (mean lesion length 15...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794461/non-uniform-self-assembly-on-the-anisotropic-architecture-of-%C3%AE-synuclein-supra-fibrillar-aggregates
#9
Slav A Semerdzhiev, Volodymyr V Shvadchak, Vinod Subramaniam, Mireille M A E Claessens
Although the function of biopolymer hydrogels in nature depends on structural anisotropy at mesoscopic length scales, the self-assembly of such anisotropic structures in vitro is challenging. Here we show that fibrils of the protein α-synuclein spontaneously self-assemble into structurally anisotropic hydrogel particles. While the fibrils in the interior of these supra-fibrillar aggregates (SFAs) are randomly oriented, the fibrils in the periphery prefer to cross neighboring fibrils at high angles. This difference in organization coincides with a significant difference in polarity of the environment in the central and peripheral parts of the SFA...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793941/estimates-of-genetic-parameters-for-fatty-acid-compositions-in-the-longissimus-dorsi-muscle-of-hanwoo-cattle
#10
M S A Bhuiyan, D H Lee, H J Kim, S H Lee, S H Cho, B S Yang, S D Kim
We estimated the heritabilities (h 2) and genetic and phenotypic correlations among individual and groups of fatty acids, as well as their correlations with six important carcass and meat-quality traits in Korean Hanwoo cattle. Meat samples were collected from the longissimus dorsi muscles of 1000 Hanwoo steers that were 30-month-old (progeny of 85 proven Hanwoo bulls) to determine intramuscular fatty acid profiles. Phenotypic data on carcass weight (CWT), eye muscle area (EMA), back fat thickness (BFT), marbling score (MS), Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) and intramuscular fat content (IMF) were also investigated using this half-sib population...
August 10, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789722/trends-in-dietary-fat-and-fatty-acid-intakes-and-related-food-sources-among-chinese-adults-a-longitudinal-study-from-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey-1997-2011
#11
Xin Shen, Aiping Fang, Jingjing He, Ziqi Liu, Meihan Guo, Rong Gao, Keji Li
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have evaluated the intake trends of fatty acids in China. The present study aimed to describe the profile of longitudinal dietary fat and fatty acid intakes and their related food sources in Chinese adults. DESIGN: A longitudinal study using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (1997-2011) was conducted. Dietary intake was estimated using 24 h recalls combined with a food inventory for three consecutive days. Linear mixed models were used to calculate the adjusted mean intake values...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782485/a-low-concentration-of-tacrolimus-semifluorinated-alkane-sfa-eyedrop-suppresses-intraocular-inflammation-in-experimental-models-of-uveitis
#12
S De Majumdar, M Subinya, J Korward, A Pettigrew, D Scherer, H Xu
PURPOSE: Corticosteroids remain the mainstay therapy for uveitis, a major cause of blindness in the working age population. However, a substantial number of patients cannot benefit from the therapy due to steroids resistance or intolerance. Tacrolimus has been used to treat refractory uveitis through systemic administration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic potential of 0.03% tacrolimus eyedrop in mouse models of uveitis. METHODS: 0.03% tacrolimus in perfluorobutylpentane (F4H5) (0...
August 7, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780095/short-communication-effect-of-fatty-acid-supplements-on-apparent-ruminal-synthesis-of-b-vitamins-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#13
D S Castagnino, K J Harvatine, M S Allen, R Gervais, P Y Chouinard, C L Girard
The effect of fat supplements (FS) providing different proportions of saturated (SFA) and unsaturated (UFA) fatty acids on supply, apparent ruminal synthesis (ARS), and duodenal flow (DF) of some B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folates, and vitamin B12) were evaluated in an experiment using 8 ruminally and duodenally cannulated lactating Holstein cows. The experiment was a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design with 21-d treatment periods. The 4 treatments were a control diet without fatty acid supplement and 3 diets with 2...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780030/the-24-month-results-of-the-lutonix%C3%A2-global-sfa-registry-worldwide-experience-with%C3%A2-lutonix%C3%A2-drug-coated-balloon
#14
Marcus Thieme, Peter Von Bilderling, Christian Paetzel, Dimitrios Karnabatidis, Julio Perez Delgado, Michael Lichtenberg
OBJECTIVES: The Global SFA Registry sought to assess safety, clinical benefit, and outcomes of the Lutonix 035 drug-coated balloon (DCB) in a heterogeneous, real-world patient population at 12 and 24 months. BACKGROUND: Numerous clinical studies have evaluated the use of angioplasty for revascularization of femoropopliteal arteries in peripheral arterial disease with restenosis rates of 40% to 60% at 6 to 12 months. Data from recent studies document decreased restenosis rates and improvement in patency in patients receiving angioplasty of femoropopliteal arteries with DCBs...
July 27, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768248/clinical-outcomes-of-dietary-replacement-of-saturated-fatty-acids-with-unsaturated-fat-sources-in-adults-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#15
Bridget A Hannon, Sharon V Thompson, Ruopeng An, Margarita Teran-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Obesity and dyslipidemia are frequently treated with dietary interventions before pharmacotherapy is given. Diets high in unsaturated fat have proven advantageous to disease treatment. AIMS: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the evidence of the effect of saturated fatty acids (SFA) replacement with unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) in metabolically healthy adults with overweight and obesity on markers of dyslipidemia and body composition...
July 29, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766321/flavored-milk-consumers-drank-more-milk-and-had-a-higher-prevalence-of-meeting-calcium-recommendation-than-nonconsumers
#16
Theresa A Nicklas, Carol O'Neil, Victor Fulgoni
BACKGROUND: Some schools are removing flavored milk because of the perception that it negatively impacts children's overall diet. This study assessed the contribution of flavored milk to their diets. METHODS: Individual usual intakes (IUI) were calculated from 24-hour dietary recalls of children 2-18 years (N = 20,329) participating in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2012. IUI of >0.25 cup equivalent of flavored dairy milk defined consumers (N = 3564; 56% boys)...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758916/effect-of-a-particulate-and-a-putty-like-tricalcium-phosphate-based-bone-grafting-material-on-bone-formation-volume-stability-and-osteogenic-marker-expression-after-bilateral-sinus-floor-augmentation-in-humans
#17
Christine Knabe, Doaa Adel Khattab, Esther Kluk, Rainer Struck, Michael Stiller
This study examines the effect of a hyaluronic acid (HyAc) containing tricalcium phosphate putty scaffold material (TCP-P) and of a particulate tricalcium phosphate (TCP-G) graft on bone formation, volume stability and osteogenic marker expression in biopsies sampled 6 months after bilateral sinus floor augmentation (SFA) in 7 patients applying a split-mouth design. 10% autogenous bone chips were added to the grafting material during surgery. The grain size of the TCP granules was 700 to 1400 µm for TCP-G and 125 to 250 µm and 500 to 700 µm (ratio 1:1) for TCP-P...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755267/effect-of-mixed-feeds-containing-different-levels-of-olive-cake-on-fattening-performance-carcass-meat-quality-and-fatty-acids-of-lambs
#18
M Ozdogan, A O Ustundag, E Yarali
In this study, the effects of diet including different levels of olive cake were investigated on the fattening performance, blood parameters, certain slaughtering traits, and carcass quality of lambs. Thirty-six male lambs were used in the experiment. The lambs were randomly assigned to three groups with 12 lambs each. Groups included control, 12.5 and 25% olive cake (OC). The mixed feeds were offered ad libitum. All lambs were also allowed to consume alfalfa hay (83.8 g DM/animal/day). The experiment lasted for a period of 56 days...
July 28, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743787/isar-pebis-paclitaxel-eluting-balloon-versus-conventional-balloon-angioplasty-for-in-stent-restenosis-of-superficial-femoral-artery-a%C3%A2-randomized-trial
#19
Ilka Ott, Salvatore Cassese, Philipp Groha, Birgit Steppich, Felix Voll, Martin Hadamitzky, Tareq Ibrahim, Sebastian Kufner, Karl Dewitz, Theresa Wittmann, Albert Markus Kasel, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati, Massimiliano Fusaro
BACKGROUND: Paclitaxel-eluting balloon (PEB) angioplasty has superior efficacy compared with conventional balloon angioplasty (BA) for de novo lesions of superficial femoral artery (SFA). Studies investigating the angiographic and clinical performance of PEB angioplasty versus BA for in-stent restenosis of SFA are limited. We performed a randomized trial to investigate angiographic and clinical performance of PEB versus BA for in-stent restenosis of SFA. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with symptomatic in-stent restenosis of SFA were randomly assigned to either PEB or BA at 2 centers in Munich, Germany...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740349/functional-lipidomics-in-patients-on-home-parenteral-nutrition-effect-of-lipid-emulsions
#20
Loris Pironi, Mariacristina Guidetti, Ornella Verrastro, Claudia Iacona, Federica Agostini, Caterina Pazzeschi, Anna Simona Sasdelli, Michele Melchiorre, Carla Ferreri
AIM: To investigate the fatty acid-based functional lipidomics of patients on long-term home parenteral nutrition receiving different intravenous lipid emulsions. METHODS: A cross-sectional comparative study was carried out on 3 groups of adults on home parenteral nutrition (HPN), receiving an HPN admixture containing an olive-soybean oil-based intravenous lipid emulsion (IVLE) (OO-IVLE; n = 15), a soybean- medium-chain triacylglycerol-olive-fish oil-based IVLE (SMOF-IVLE; n = 8) or HPN without IVLE (No-IVLE; n = 8) and 42 healthy controls (HCs)...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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