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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632523/frontotemporal-dementia-presenting-as-gambling-disorder-when-a-psychiatric-condition-is-the-clue-to-a-neurodegenerative-disease
#1
Giacomo Tondo, Fabiola De Marchi, Emanuela Terazzi, Marta Sacchetti, Roberto Cantello
Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia, the most common form of frontotemporal dementia, is characterized by executive dysfunction and changes in personality and behavior, sometimes with associated psychiatric disorders. We report a man who suddenly developed a gambling disorder when he was 55 years old. A year later he developed personality changes of agitation, euphoria, and disinhibition, along with binge eating and dysthymia. He did not improve on paroxetine 40 mg/day. Two years after the onset of his symptoms, he came to our clinic for evaluation...
June 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626944/food-insecurity-and-eating-disorder-pathology
#2
Carolyn Black Becker, Keesha Middlemass, Brigitte Taylor, Clara Johnson, Francesca Gomez
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to investigate eating disorder (ED) pathology in those living with food insecurity. A secondary aim was to investigate whether any-reason dietary restraint, weight self-stigma, and worry increased as level of food insecurity increased. METHOD: Participants (N = 503) seeking food from food pantries completed questionnaires assessing level of food insecurity, demographics, ED pathology, dietary restraint, weight self-stigma, and worry...
June 18, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623853/the-validity-of-dsm-5-severity-specifiers-for-anorexia-nervosa-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder
#3
Kathryn E Smith, Jo M Ellison, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson, Daniel Le Grange, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: The DSM-5 includes severity specifiers (i.e., mild, moderate, severe, extreme) for anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge-eating disorder (BED), which are determined by weight status (AN) and frequencies of binge-eating episodes (BED) or inappropriate compensatory behaviors (BN). Given limited data regarding the validity of eating disorder (ED) severity specifiers, this study examined the concurrent and predictive validity of severity specifiers in AN, BN, and BED...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615960/personalized-multistep-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-obesity
#4
EDITORIAL
Riccardo Dalle Grave, Massimiliano Sartirana, Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi
Multistep cognitive behavioral therapy for obesity (CBT-OB) is a treatment that may be delivered at three levels of care (outpatient, day hospital, and residential). In a stepped-care approach, CBT-OB associates the traditional procedures of weight-loss lifestyle modification, ie, physical activity and dietary recommendations, with specific cognitive behavioral strategies that have been indicated by recent research to influence weight loss and maintenance by addressing specific cognitive processes. The treatment program as a whole is delivered in six modules...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615144/obstructive-acute-renal-failure-by-severe-gastric-distension-after-binge
#5
Julie Dumouchel, Virginie Lvovschi, Luc-Marie Joly
Binge eating occurs in patients with eating disorders and can result in metabolic complications, leading to gastric rupture or necrosis. However, organ failure as acute renal failure is rarely observed. We report the case of an overeating episode resulting in massive gastric dilatation and acute renal failure with abdominal pressure and bilateral ureteral obstruction. The outcome was favorable with gastric aspiration and fasting.
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612453/compassionate-attention-and-regulation-of-eating-behaviour-a-pilot-study-of-a-brief-low-intensity-intervention-for-binge-eating
#6
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia, R James Stubbs
A low-intensity 4-week intervention that included components of compassion, mindfulness, and acceptance was delivered to women diagnosed with binge eating disorder. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: intervention (n = 11) or waiting list control (n = 9). Participants in the intervention condition were invited to practise mindfulness, soothing rhythm breathing, and compassionate imagery practices with a focus on awareness and acceptance of emotional states and triggers to binge eating and engagement in helpful actions...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593630/investigating-the-dsm-5-severity-specifiers-based-on-thinness-for-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#7
Deborah Lynn Reas, Øyvind Rø
OBJECTIVE: The DSM-5 severity classification scheme for adults with anorexia nervosa (AN) is based upon current body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2) ). This study examined the utility of the DSM-5 severity specifiers for adults with AN in relation to core cognitive and behavioral features of eating pathology and associated psychosocial impairment. METHODS: A clinical sample of 146 adult AN patients (140 women, 6 men) were categorized using DSM-5 current BMI severity specifiers and assessed with the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA)...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589469/examining-a-momentary-mediation-model-of-appearance-related-stress-anxiety-and-eating-disorder-behaviors-in-adult-anorexia-nervosa
#8
Tyler B Mason, Jason M Lavender, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Daniel Le Grange, Carol B Peterson
PURPOSE: Appearance-related stress may result from appearance-focused events such as seeing one's reflection, seeing media images, and shopping for clothes. The purpose of this study was to examine the prospective association between momentary appearance-related stress and eating disorder (ED) behaviors (i.e., binge eating and vomiting) among women with anorexia nervosa (AN) using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). We hypothesized that appearance-related stress at Time 1 would predict binge eating and vomiting at Time 2, and that this prospective association would be mediated by momentary anxiety at Time 2 (controlling for anxiety at Time 1)...
June 6, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581535/differential-criteria-for-binge-eating-disorder-and-food-addiction-in-the-context-of-causes-and-treatment-of-obesity
#9
REVIEW
Monika Bąk-Sosnowska
OBJECTIVES: To establish the differential criteria for Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Food Addiction (FA). METHODS: We performed a detailed analysis of comparative diagnostic criteria for BED and Substance use disorder contained in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-V. We applied the diagnostic criteria for both disorders to scientific publications on the issue of excessive eating in obese people, during the years 2005-2016, available on PubMed...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580647/diagnosis-specific-self-image-predicts-longitudinal-suicidal-ideation-in-adult-eating-disorders
#10
Mikael Andersén, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent, serious illnesses with elevated mortality, mainly attributable to suicide. Predictors of suicidality include binge/purge symptomatology, impulsivity, and psychiatric comorbidity, as well as personality factors. Recent research has also shown self-image (the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior, SASB, model) to predict manifest suicide attempts in ED, and the study explored suicide risk prediction to increase knowledge of warning signs and intervention targets...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578734/genetic-and-environmental-aspects-in-the-association-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-binge-eating-behavior-in-adults-a-twin-study
#11
A J Capusan, S Yao, R Kuja-Halkola, C M Bulik, L M Thornton, P Bendtsen, I Marteinsdottir, A Thorsell, H Larsson
BACKGROUND: Prior research demonstrated that attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with binge-eating behavior, binge-eating disorder (BED), and bulimia nervosa (BN). The aim of this study was to investigate these associations in an adult twin population, and to determine the extent to which ADHD symptoms and binge-eating behavior share genetic and environmental factors. METHODS: We used self-reports of current ADHD symptoms and lifetime binge-eating behavior and associated characteristics from a sample of over 18 000 adult twins aged 20-46 years, from the population-based Swedish Twin Registry...
June 5, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576418/a-methyl-balanced-diet-prevents-crf-induced-prenatal-stress-triggered-predisposition-to-binge-eating-like-phenotype
#12
Mariana Schroeder, Mira Jakovcevski, Tamar Polacheck, Maya Lebow, Yonat Drori, Mareen Engel, Shifra Ben-Dor, Alon Chen
Binge eating (BE) is a common aberrant form of eating behavior, characterized by overconsumption of food in a brief period of time. Recurrent episodes of BE constitute the BE disorder, which mostly affects females and is associated with early-life adversities. Here, we show that corticotropin releasing factor (CRF)-induced prenatal stress (PNS) in late gestation predisposes female offspring to BE-like behavior that coincides with hypomethylation of hypothalamic miR-1a and downstream dysregulation of the melanocortin system through Pax7/Pax3...
June 6, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569520/rapid-response-to-intensive-treatment-for-bulimia-nervosa-and-purging-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cbt-intervention-to-facilitate-early-behavior-change
#13
Danielle E MacDonald, Traci L McFarlane, Michelle M Dionne, Lauren David, Marion P Olmsted
OBJECTIVE: Rapid response to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for eating disorders (i.e., rapid and substantial change to key eating disorder behaviors in the initial weeks of treatment) robustly predicts good outcome at end-of-treatment and in follow up. The objective of this study was to determine whether rapid response to day hospital (DH) eating disorder treatment could be facilitated using a brief adjunctive CBT intervention focused on early change. METHOD: 44 women (average age 27...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560852/the-significant-effects-of-puberty-on-the-genetic-diathesis-of-binge-eating-in-girls
#14
Kelly L Klump, Kristen M Culbert, Shannon O'Connor, Natasha Fowler, S Alexandra Burt
OBJECTIVE: Recent data show significant phenotypic and genetic associations between ovarian hormones and binge eating in adulthood. Theories of hormonal risk focus on puberty and the possibility that hormone activation induces changes in genetic effects that then lead to differential risk for binge eating in postpuberty and adulthood. Although this theory is difficult to test in humans, an indirect test is to examine whether genetic influences on binge eating increase during the pubertal period in girls...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549761/positive-and-negative-emotional-eating-have-different-associations-with-overeating-and-binge-eating-construction-and-validation-of-the-positive-negative-emotional-eating-scale
#15
Hedvig Sultson, Katrin Kukk, Kirsti Akkermann
Research on emotional eating mostly focuses on negative emotions. Much less is known about how positive emotions relate to overeating and binge eating (BE). The aim of the current study was to construct a scale for positive and negative emotional eating and to assess its predictive validity. In study 1, the Positive-Negative Emotional Eating Scale (PNEES) was constructed and tested on 531 women, who also completed Eating Disorders Assessment Scale (EDAS). Results showed that a two-factor model constituting Positive emotional eating (PNEES-P) and Negative emotional eating (PNEES-N) fit the data well...
May 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547702/emerging-treatments-in-eating-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Michael Lutter
Eating disorders (EDs), including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder, constitute a class of common and deadly psychiatric disorders. While numerous studies in humans highlight the important role of neurobiological alterations in the development of ED-related behaviors, the precise neural substrate that mediates this risk is unknown. Historically, pharmacological interventions have played a limited role in the treatment of eating disorders, typically providing symptomatic relief of comorbid psychiatric issues, like depression and anxiety, in support of the standard nutritional and psychological treatments...
May 25, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536692/wistar-kyoto-female-rats-are-more-susceptible-to-develop-sugar-binging-a-comparison-with-wistar-rats
#17
Helena Papacostas-Quintanilla, Víctor Manuel Ortiz-Ortega, Carolina López-Rubalcava
The hedonic component of the feeding behavior involves the mesolimbic reward system and resembles addictions. Nowadays, the excessive consumption of sucrose is considered addictive. The Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rat strain is prone to develop anxiety and addiction-like behavior; nevertheless, a lack of information regarding their vulnerability to develop sugar binging-like behavior (SBLB) and how it affects the reward system persist. Therefore, the first aim of the present study was to compare the different predisposition of two rat strains, Wistar (W) and WKY to develop the SBLB in female and male rats...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535446/the-importance-of-body-image-concerns-in-overweight-and-normal-weight-individuals-with-binge-eating-disorder
#18
Angelina Yiu, Susan M Murray, Jean M Arlt, Kalina T Eneva, Eunice Y Chen
Body image concerns in binge eating disorder (BED) have been examined almost exclusively in overweight individuals with BED. The current study extends past research by including overweight and normal weight BED and non-BED groups to assess the multifactorial construct of body image using subscales of the Eating Disorder Examination 16.0 (EDE-16.0) and a Body Comparison Task. Independent of weight status and when controlling for age and race, women with BED are distinguished from those without BED by significantly greater overvaluation of shape and weight on the EDE-16...
May 20, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534123/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-psychological-comorbidity-in-eating-disorder-patients
#19
L Sala, G Martinotti, M L Carenti, L Romo, M Oumaya, A Pham-Scottez, F Rouillon, P Gorwood, L Janiri
PURPOSE: There is some evidence that eating disorders (ED) and Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) share common clinical features and that ADHD might contribute to the severity of eating disorders. A greater understanding of how the presence of comorbid ADHD may affect the psychopathological framework of eating disorder seems of primary importance. The aim of our study was to evaluate rates of ADHD in three ED subgroups of inpatients: anorexia nervosa restricting type (AN-R), anorexia nervosa binge-eating/purging type (AN-BP) and bulimia nervosa (BN)...
May 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511259/impulse-control-disorders-and-related-complications-of-parkinson-s-disease-therapy
#20
Alexander M Lopez, Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulsive and compulsive behaviors in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients are most often attributed to dopamine agonist therapy; dysregulation of the mesocorticolimbic system accounts for this behavioral phenotype. The clinical presentation is commonly termed impulse control disorder (ICD): Behaviors include hypersexuality, compulsive eating, shopping, pathological gambling, and compulsive hobby participation. However, not all PD individuals taking dopamine agonists develop these behavioral changes. In this review, the authors focus on the similarities between the phenotypic presentation of ICDs with that of other reward-based behavioral disorders, including binge eating disorder, pathological gambling, and substance use disorders...
April 2017: Seminars in Neurology
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