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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#1
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767908/gender-differences-in-body-mass-index-body-weight-perception-weight-satisfaction-disordered-eating-and-weight-control-strategies-among-indian-medical-and-nursing-undergraduates
#2
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, Rohini Thimmaiah, S Sai Nikhil Reddy, Kathyayani B V, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Suresh BadaMath
OBJECTIVES: To assess gender disparity in body weight perception, Body Mass Index (BMI), weight satisfaction and role of depression among undergraduate Medical and Nursing students. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in conveniently selected medical (n=241) and nursing (n=213) students of Bangalore, South India. Data was collected using self-administered SCOFF questionnaires. RESULTS: Our findings revealed that men had a significantly higher BMI than women (t=5...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766462/disgust-and-fear-common-emotions-between-eating-and-phobic-disorders
#3
Rami Bou Khalil, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Yara Tabet, Lama Souaiby, Hayat Azouri
Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent mental illnesses composed mainly of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders. Anxiety disorders are another set of mental illnesses, with phobic disorder (PD) being the most prevalent disorder. ED and PD are highly comorbid. The aim of this study is to assess, in 131 individuals attending an outpatient clinic for different health issues, the level of fear related to situations generating avoidance such as in social anxiety and specific phobias according to the fear questionnaire (FQ), the level of disgust according to the disgust scale (DS-R) and the vulnerability towards ED according to the SCOFF scale to demonstrate that high levels of both fear and disgust increase the vulnerability towards ED...
May 15, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765343/questionnaire-based-maladaptive-decision-coping-patterns-involved-in-binge-eating-among-1013-college-students
#4
Wan-Sen Yan, Ran-Ran Zhang, Yan Lan, Zhi-Ming Li, Yong-Hui Li
Binge Eating Disorder (BED), considered a public health problem because of its impact on psychiatric, physical, and social functioning, merits much attention given its elevation to an independent diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Similar with substance use disorders, some neuropsychological and personality constructs are potentially implicated in the onset and development of BED, in which poor decision-making has been suggested to facilitate overeating and BED...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757091/striving-for-liminality-eating-disorders-and-social-suffering
#5
Karin Eli
In this article, I argue that eating disorders constitute a form of social suffering, in which sufferers embody liminality as a response to, and a reflection of, oppressive sociality, structural violence, and institutional constraints. Based on the illness narratives of people with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and their subclinical variants in Israel, the analysis draws the experiential, the social, and the structural into critical focus. These narratives, which delineate lived experiences of self-starving, bingeing, and purging, and the attendant viscerality of hunger, fullness, and emptiness, reveal how participants developed an embodied drawing inward and away, being at once within and without society for extended periods of time, through eating disordered practices...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756985/-consensus-document-about-the-nutritional-evaluation-and-management-of-eating-disorders-anorexia-nervosa-bulimia-nervosa-binge-eating-disorder-and-others-executive-abstract
#6
Carmen Gómez Candela, Samara Palma Milla, Alberto Miján-de-la-Torre, Pilar Rodríguez Ortega, Pilar Matía Martín, Viviana Loria Kohen, Rocío Campos Del Portillo, M ª Nuria Virgili Casas, Miguel Á Martínez Olmos, María Teresa Mories Álvarez, María José Castro Alija, Ángela Martín-Palmero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756232/differences-in-emotion-regulation-difficulties-among-adults-and-adolescents-across-eating-disorder-diagnoses
#7
Leslie K Anderson, Kimberly Claudat, Anne Cusack, Tiffany A Brown, Julie Trim, Roxanne Rockwell, Tiffany Nakamura, Lauren Gomez, Walter H Kaye
OBJECTIVE: Although much empirical attention has been devoted to emotion regulation (ER) in individuals with eating disorders, little is known about ER across a wide age range and among different ED subtypes. The current study sought to examine ER in a sample of eating disorder patients. METHOD: A total of 364 adults and adolescents with anorexia nervosa restricting subtype (AN-R), anorexia nervosa binge/purge subtype (AN-BP), or bulimia nervosa (BN) were assessed with the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS)...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745703/negative-urgency-moderates-reactivity-to-laboratory-stress-inductions
#9
Max M Owens, Michael T Amlung, Monika Stojek, James MacKillop
Impulsive personality traits refer to a group of self-reported dispositions about self-regulatory capacity, several of which have been linked to diverse forms of psychopathology. One of these is negative urgency (NUR), the propensity to act out when experiencing negative emotions, which has been linked to substance use disorders and eating disorders. However, few laboratory studies have investigated the extent to which self-reported NUR relates to an individual's in vivo emotional and behavioral responses. Harmonizing two archival data sets on alcohol and high-energy-dense (HED) food motivation, the current study investigated NUR as a moderator of reactivity to stressful situations elicited by two commonly used stress manipulations, the Trier Social Stress Test and a stress imagery induction...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745445/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-united-states-military-spouses-the-millennium-cohort-family-study
#10
Maria M Steenkamp, Nida H Corry, Meng Qian, Meng Li, Hope Seib McMaster, John A Fairbank, Valerie A Stander, Laura Hollahan, Charles R Marmar
BACKGROUND: Approximately half of US service members are married, equating to 1.1 million military spouses, yet the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among military spouses remains understudied. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of eight mental health conditions in spouses of service members with 2-5 years of service. METHOD: We employed baseline data from the Millennium Cohort Family Study, a 21-year longitudinal survey following 9,872 military-affiliated married couples representing all US service branches and active duty, Reserve, and National Guard components...
May 10, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737942/starvation-symptoms-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Simona Calugi, Elisa Chignola, Marwan El Ghoch, Riccardo Dalle Grave
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the change in starvation symptoms over time and their role as potential predictors of change in eating disorder and general psychopathology in patients with anorexia nervosa treated by means of intensive enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT-E). METHOD: Ninety adult female patients with anorexia nervosa (63 restricting type and 27 binge-eating/purging type) were recruited. Body mass index (BMI), Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) interview, Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and Starvation Symptoms Inventory (SSI) scores were recorded at admission, at the end of treatment, and at 6-month follow-up...
May 8, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723712/the-presence-of-your-absence-a-conditioning-theory-of-grief
#12
Yannick Boddez
I present a conditioning theory of grief. From conditioning research on appetitive disorders (e.g., addiction and binge eating), I borrow the concept cue-elicited craving. More precisely, the theory postulates that, throughout a life together, a variety of cues become associated with the presence of the loved one and that because of this these cues can trigger craving and (an action tendency for) searching for the deceased. Starting from this perspective, I additionally invoke extinction phenomena to explain the possible persistence of grief...
April 24, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720107/the-experience-of-women-with-an-eating-disorder-in-the-perinatal-period-a-meta-ethnographic-study
#13
Sarah Fogarty, Rakime Elmir, Phillipa Hay, Virginia Schmied
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a time of enormous body transformation. For those with an eating disorder during pregnancy this time of transformation can be distressing and damaging to both the mother and the child. In this meta-ethnographic study, we aimed to examine the experiences of women with an Eating Disorder in the perinatal period; that is during pregnancy and two years following birth. METHOD: A meta-ethnographic framework was used in this review. After a systematic online search of the literature using the keywords such as pregnancy, eating disorders, anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorder, perinatal, postnatal and post-partum, 11 papers, involving 94 women, were included in the review...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717794/are-treatment-results-for-eating-disorders-affected-by-adhd-symptoms-a-one-year-follow-up-of-adult-females
#14
Nils Erik Svedlund, Claes Norring, Ylva Ginsberg, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of self-reported Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms on recovery rate at 1-year follow-up in an unselected group of patients in a specialized eating disorder (ED) clinic. METHODS: Four hundred forty-three adult females with an ED were assessed with the ADHD Self-Report Scale for Adults (ASRS-screener), and for demographic variables and ED symptoms. Recovery was registered at 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: A high degree of ADHD symptoms at baseline was predictive for nonrecovery of ED at 1-year follow-up in patients with loss of control over eating, bingeing, or purging...
May 2, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708623/eating-disorders-symptoms-in-sexual-minority-women-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Paolo Meneguzzo, Enrico Collantoni, Davide Gallicchio, Paolo Busetto, Marco Solmi, Paolo Santonastaso, Angela Favaro
BACKGROUND: Although the literature consistently shows increased levels of psychological distress in the gay population, less evidence-and with contrasting findings-is available with regard to lesbian women. The aim of the present study is to review the literature in the eating disorders (EDs) field in order to provide further data on the frequency of EDs symptoms in sexual minority women. METHOD: A systematic review of the studies identified by electronic database search (PubMed, Ovid, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar) up to August 2017...
April 30, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700895/parental-characteristics-in-association-with-disordered-eating-in-11-to-12-year-olds-a-study-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#16
Pernille Stemann Larsen, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Else Marie Olsen, Nadia Micali, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
We examined the association between parental characteristics and disordered eating among 11- to 12-year-olds within the Danish National Birth Cohort. Frequency of fasting, purging, and binge eating was obtained by self-report from 37,592 children and combined into a measure of disordered eating (no, monthly, and weekly). Information on parental characteristics was obtained during pregnancy, from the 7-year follow-up, and by linkage to population registers. Data were analysed using multinomial logistic regression models with robust standard errors...
April 27, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698739/an-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-the-effect-of-fasting-during-ramadan-on-disordered-eating-behaviors
#17
Jia Li Pauline Chia, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Kimberly Buck, Karim Chamari, Ben Richardson, Isabel Krug
Dietary restriction contributes to disordered eating (DE) behaviors and associated cognitions. However, it is unclear how these outcomes are impacted by dietary restriction for religious purposes, such as fasting observed by Muslims during Ramadan. Using ecological momentary assessment, this study assessed the impact of Ramadan fasting on DE behaviors and correlates. Muslim participants fasting during Ramadan (n = 28) and a control group of non-fasting participants (n = 74) completed baseline measures assessing demographic characteristics and eating pathology...
April 23, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695260/a-single-arm-pilot-study-of-guided-self-help-treatment-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-bulimia-nervosa-in-japanese-clinical-settings
#18
R Setsu, K Asano, N Numata, M Tanaka, H Ibuki, T Yamamoto, R Uragami, J Matsumoto, Y Hirano, M Iyo, E Shimizu, M Nakazato
OBJECTIVE: Guided self-help treatments based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-GSH) are regarded as a first-line effective treatment for bulimia nervosa (BN). With limited application for CBT-GSH in Japanese clinical settings, we conducted a single arm pilot study in order to confirm the acceptability and availability of CBT-GSH in Japan. RESULTS: 25 women with BN received 16-20 sessions of face-to-face CBT-GSH. Primary outcomes were the completion rate of intervention and abstinence rates from objective bingeing and purging as assessed by the Eating Disorder Examination...
April 25, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695062/perceived-discrimination-and-binge-eating-disorder-gender-difference-in-african-americans
#19
Shervin Assari
Environmental stressors, such as perceived discrimination (PD), are linked to Binge Eating Disorder (BED). The current study investigated the association between PD and BED among African Americans, and the variation in such an association based on gender. Data of the National Survey of American Life (NSAL), 2001⁻2003, with a nationally-representative sample of African American adults, were used ( n = 3516). The independent variable in the study was PD. The dependent variable was BED, measured using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693735/weight-suppression-and-weight-elevation-are-associated-with-eating-disorder-symptomatology-in-women-age-50-and-older-results-of-the-gender-and-body-image-study
#20
Erica L Goodman, Jessica H Baker, Christine M Peat, Zeynep Yilmaz, Cynthia M Bulik, Hunna J Watson
OBJECTIVE: Weight suppression (WS), the difference between highest past non-pregnancy weight and current weight, predicts negative outcomes in eating disorders, but the impact of WS and related weight constructs are understudied in nonclinical, midlife populations. We examined WS (current weight < highest weight) and weight elevation (WE), the opposite of WS (current weight > lowest weight) and their associations with eating psychopathology in women aged 50+. METHOD: Participants were a community-based sample (N = 1,776, Mage  = 59) who completed demographic and eating psychopathology questions via online survey...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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