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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454064/withaferin-a-a-steroidal-lactone-encapsulated-mannose-decorated-liposomes-ameliorates-rheumatoid-arthritis-by-intriguing-the-macrophage-repolarization-in-adjuvant-induced-arthritic-rats
#1
Farhath Sultana, Manoj Kumar Neog, MahaboobKhan Rasool
In order to develop a better therapeutic approach for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), withaferin-A; a steroidal lactone incorporated with mannosylated liposomes (ML-WA) was administered to adjuvant induced arthritic rats in intent to target the synovial macrophages. The confocal microscopy studies showed a successful internalization of ML-WA in the primarily isolated synovial macrophages. Consequently, targeting synovial macrophages via ML-WA reduced the oxidative stress (ROS and NO), and paw edema, however, a progressive gain in the body weight was observed in AIA rats...
April 23, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453761/the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-axial-and-peripheral-spondyloarthritis-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Maren C Karreman, Jolanda J Luime, Johanna M W Hazes, Angelique E A M Weel
Background and Aims: Inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] is a chronic disease which affects up to 0.5% of the population. Various extraintestinal manifestations occur, among which are rheumatic manifestations, grouped together under the name spondyloarthritis. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to give a systematic overview of the prevalence and incidence of spondyloarthritis in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Methods: We systematically searched Embase, Pubmed, OvidSP, Scopus, and Web-of-Science databases from inception to August 2016...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449285/research-review-childhood-chronic-physical-illness-and-adult-emotional-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Ekin Secinti, Ellen J Thompson, Marcus Richards, Darya Gaysina
BACKGROUND: Childhood chronic physical illness is associated with a greater vulnerability for emotional problems (i.e. depression and anxiety) in childhood. However, little is known about life-long effects of childhood chronic physical illness on mental health. The present study aims to systematically review evidence for associations between eight chronic physical illnesses with childhood onset (arthritis, asthma, cancer, chronic renal failure, congenital heart disease, cystic fibrosis, type 1 diabetes, and epilepsy) and adult emotional problems...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449227/apremilast-for-a-psoriasis-patient-with-hiv-and-hepatitis-c
#4
Shivani P Reddy, Vidhi V Shah, Jashin J Wu
A 46-year old male with HIV, hepatitis C, and moderate psoriasis was resistant to starting ultra violet B phototherapy due to scheduling issues. The patient had 8% body surface area (BSA) affected on the dorsal hands, elbows, and legs, did not have associated psoriatic arthritis, and had not tried any systemic therapy in the past. He was initiated on an apremilast starter pack (dosages titrated up from 10 mg to 30 mg over the course of one week) and maintained on 30 mg twice a day after one week. This article is protected by copyright...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448778/economic-impact-of-above-label-dosing-with-etanercept-adalimumab-or-ustekinumab-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#5
Steven R Feldman, Yang Zhao, Huanxue Zhou, Vivian Herrera, Haijun Tian, Yunfeng Li
BACKGROUND: Patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis may be treated with above-label doses of biologics in an attempt to optimize outcomes. Dose escalation will have an effect on the cost of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To examine costs related to above-label use of etanercept, adalimumab, and ustekinumab among patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed using a large U.S. claims database. Patients were included in the study if they were aged ≥ 18 years with a diagnosis of psoriasis (excluding psoriatic arthritis) and had at least 1 medication fill for etanercept, adalimumab, or ustekinumab between January 1, 2011, and June 30, 2012...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448562/the-impact-of-anti-drug-antibodies-on-drug-concentrations-and-clinical-outcomes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-treated-with-adalimumab-etanercept-or-infliximab-results-from-a-multinational-real-world-clinical-practice-non-interventional-study
#6
Robert J Moots, Ricardo M Xavier, Chi Chiu Mok, Mahboob U Rahman, Wen-Chan Tsai, Mustafa H Al-Maini, Karel Pavelka, Ehab Mahgoub, Sameer Kotak, Joan Korth-Bradley, Ron Pedersen, Linda Mele, Qi Shen, Bonnie Vlahos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of anti-drug antibodies (ADA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with the TNF inhibitors etanercept (ETN), adalimumab (ADL), or infliximab (IFX), and determine the potential relationship with trough drug concentration, efficacy, and patient-reported outcomes. METHODS: This multi-national, non-interventional, cross-sectional study (NCT01981473) enrolled adult patients with RA treated continuously for 6-24 months with ETN, ADL, or IFX...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448439/ykl-40-induced-inhibition-of-mir-590-3p-promotes-interleukin-18-expression-and-angiogenesis-of-endothelial-progenitor-cells
#7
Te-Mao Li, Shan-Chi Liu, Ya-Hsin Huang, Chien-Chung Huang, Chin-Jung Hsu, Chun-Hao Tsai, Shih-Wei Wang, Chih-Hsin Tang
YKL-40, also known as human cartilage glycoprotein-39 or chitinase-3-like-1, is a pro-inflammatory protein that is highly expressed in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Angiogenesis is a critical step in the pathogenesis of RA, promoting the infiltration of inflammatory cells into joints and providing oxygen and nutrients to RA pannus. In this study, we examined the effects of YKL-40 in the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-18 (IL-18), and the stimulation of angiogenesis and accumulation of osteoblasts...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448409/assessing-synovitis-and-bone-erosion-with-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-in-early-stage-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Jin Qu, Xinwei Lei, Ying Zhan, Huixia Li, Yu Zhang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in distinguishing synovitis from joint fluid and bone erosion from cysts. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with suspected rheumatoid arthritis underwent diffusion-weighted imaging and pre- and post-contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. The mean ADC values were compared between synovitis and joint effusion and between bone erosion and cyst. RESULTS: Mean ADC value of synovitis was significantly lower than that of the joint effusion (2...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448195/design-characteristics-of-the-corrona-japan-rheumatoid-arthritis-registry
#9
Hisashi Yamanaka, Mitsumasa Kishimoto, Dimitrios A Pappas, Jeffrey D Greenberg, Joel M Kremer, Yoshiya Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective is to prospectively study the comparative safety and effectiveness of older and newer classes of nonbiologic DMARDs (Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs), biologic DMARDs and targeted synthetic therapies approved for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in a real-world patient population in Japan. METHODS: Prospective, multicenter, noninterventional, observational study across geographic distribution of both private and public institutions for patients with RA who are newly prescribed one of the following medications: (1) methotrexate; (2) anti-TNF biologic DMARDs; (3) non-TNF biologic DMARDs; and (4) approved JAK inhibitors at the time of enrollment into the registry...
April 27, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448193/safety-and-effectiveness-of-etanercept-for-treatment-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-results-from-a-postmarketing-surveillance
#10
Masaaki Mori, Naonobu Sugiyama, Yosuke Morishima, Noriko Sugiyama, Takeshi Kokubo, Syuji Takei, Shumpei Yokota
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this surveillance were to determine safety and effectiveness of etanercept in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: In this postmarketing surveillance, patients aged 5-16 years with active polyarthritis JIA were treated with etanercept at the doses approved in the Japanese package insert. The occurrence and seriousness of adverse events (AEs) were assessed using the Japanese Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities version 15...
April 27, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448087/effect-of-a-mediterranean-type-diet-on-inflammatory-and-cartilage-degradation-biomarkers-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis
#11
J Dyer, G Davison, S M Marcora, A R Mauger
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a Mediterranean type diet on patients with osteoarthritis (OA). PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-nine volunteers with OA (aged 31 - 90 years) completed the study (83% female). SETTING: Southeast of England, UK. DESIGN: Participants were randomly allocated to the dietary intervention (DIET, n = 50) or control (CON, n = 49). The DIET group were asked to follow a Mediterranean type diet for 16 weeks whereas the CON group were asked to follow their normal diet...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447857/cpg-specific-methylation-at-rheumatoid-arthritis-diagnosis-as-a-marker-of-treatment-response
#12
Steven Horsburgh, Marzena Ciechomska, Steven O'Reilly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447732/icariin-inhibits-mmp%C3%A2-1-mmp%C3%A2-3-and-mmp%C3%A2-13-expression-through-mapk-pathways-in-il%C3%A2-1%C3%AE-%C3%A2-stimulated-sw1353-chondrosarcoma-cells
#13
Li Zeng, Xiao-Feng Rong, Rong-Heng Li, Xing-Ye Wu
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis and is a leading cause of disability worldwide, resulting in pain, reduced quality of life and socioeconomic burden. Current therapies for OA focus on mitigating the symptoms of advanced disease, but novel therapeutic agents are needed to inhibit the processes leading to OA. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of Icariin on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)‑1, MMP‑3 and MMP‑13 expression in interleukin (IL)‑1β‑stimulated human SW1353 chondrosarcoma cells, and to investigate the possible mechanism underlying the chondroprotective effects of Icariin...
March 10, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447479/autotaxin-inhibitors-a-patent-review-2012-2016
#14
Aikaterini Nikolaou, Maroula G Kokotou, Dimitris Limnios, Anastasia Psarra, George Kokotos
Autotaxin (ATX) is a secreted enzyme that hydrolyzes lysophosphatidylcholine to lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and choline. The ATX/LPA axis has received increasing interest in recent years because both the enzyme ATX and the bioactive lipid LPA are involved in various pathological conditions such as tumor progression and metastasis, fibrotic diseases, autoimmune diseases, arthritis, chronic hepatitis, obesity and impaired glucose homeostasis. Thus, a great effort has been devoted in developing synthetic ATX inhibitors as new agents to treat various diseases including cancer and fibrotic diseases...
April 27, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447397/an-lc-ms-ms-method-for-determination-of-bioactive-components-of-licorice-and-semen-strychni-in-rat-plasma-application-to-a-pharmacokinetics-study
#15
Min Zhang, Yang Deng, Chao Wang, Hua-Lin Cai, Jing-Wen, Ping-Fei Fang, Bi-Kui Zhang, Huan-De Li, Miao Yan
Semen Strychni is known for its treatment of rheumatic arthritis with a low therapeutic index. Licorice contributes a lot in herb detoxification according to the traditional Chinese medicine theory. A simple, rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography-mass spectrometric method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of main bioactive ingredients in licorice and Semen Strychni in rat plasma. Using moclobemide and cyproterone acetate as the internal standards, the analytes were pretreated via protein precipitation with methanol...
April 26, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447206/new-urate-depositions-on-dual-energy-computed-tomography-in-gouty-arthritis-during-urate-lowering-therapy
#16
Zhuojun Zhang, Xiaojie Zhang, Ying Sun, Huiyong Chen, Xiufang Kong, Jianjun Zhou, Yi Zhou, Lili Ma, Lindi Jiang
Reduction of urate depositions in the joints, on dual-energy computed tomography (DECT), in patients with gout during urate-lowering therapy (ULT) was demonstrated in previous studies. The aim of this study was to further investigate the changes in distribution of urate deposits during ULT. This randomized controlled trial enrolled 46 patients diagnosed with gout from Zhongshan Hospital, China, between October 2013 and June 2014. Epidemiological data, serum uric acid level, and arthritis attacks were recorded at monthly follow-up visits...
April 26, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447156/-success-for-a-new-generation-of-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-the-janus-kinase-inhibitor-baricitinib-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
REVIEW
G Keyßer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446811/rheumatoid-arthritis-obesity-skews-markers-of-inflammation
#18
Sarah Onuora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446790/vav1-regulates-experimental-autoimmune-arthritis-and-is-associated-with-anti-ccp-negative-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
A O Guerreiro-Cacais, U Norin, A Gyllenberg, R Berglund, A D Beyeen, E Petit-Teixeira, F Cornélis, A Saoudi, G J Fournié, R Holmdahl, L Alfredsson, L Klareskog, M Jagodic, T Olsson, I Kockum, L Padyukov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Genes and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446753/histamine-and-histamine-h4-receptor-promotes-osteoclastogenesis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Kyoung-Woon Kim, Bo-Mi Kim, Kyung-Ann Lee, Sang-Heon Lee, Gary S Firestein, Hae-Rim Kim
Histamine H4 receptor (H4R) has immune-modulatory and chemotaxic effects in various immune cells. This study aimed to determine the osteoclastogenic role of H4R in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The concentration of histamine in synovial fluid (SF) and sera in patients with RA was measured using ELISA. After RA SF and peripheral blood (PB) CD14+ monocytes were treated with histamine, IL-17, IL-21 and IL-22, and a H4R antagonist (JNJ7777120), the gene expression H4R and RANKL was determined by real-time PCR. Osteoclastogenesis was assessed by counting TRAP-positive multinucleated cells in PB CD14+ monocytes cultured with histamine, Th17 cytokines and JNJ7777120...
April 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
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