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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222580/acute-and-delayed-responses-of-steroidal-hormones-blood-lactate-and-biomarkers-of-muscle-damage-after-a-resistance-training-session-time-of-day-effects
#1
Achraf Ammar, Hamdi Chtourou, Mouna Turki, Omar Hammouda, Ahmed Chaari, Mariem Boudaya, Tarak Driss, Fatma Ayedi, Nizar Souissi
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to investigate the effect of time-of-days (TOD) on some biochemical and hormonal responses after resistance training sessions. METHODS: Ten trained subjects (22±2 years) performed, in randomized order, three resistance-training-sessions at 07h:00, 13h:00 and 17h:00. Each training-session included six upper and lower body resistance exercises with 3×10 repetitions. Blood lactate (Lac), creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), cortisol (C) and testosterone (T) were collected at rest, 3min and 48h after each-session...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222579/effects-of-a-small-sided-game-based-training-programme-on-repeated-sprint-and-change-of-direction-abilities-in-recreationally-trained-football-players
#2
Pascual Bujalance-Moreno, Felipe García-Pinillos, Pedro Á Latorre-Román
BACKGROUND: To examine the effects of 6-week periodized small-sided game (SSG) training intervention on change of direction [COD], sprint and repeated sprint ability [RSA] in recreational male football players. METHODS: Twenty-three young football players (age: 20.86 years) were randomized in a control group (n = 11) and an experimental group (n = 12). The SSG programme was included in the experimental group's training sessions. The players completed two variations of a SSG (i...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222577/acute-ingestion-of-neuromuscular-enhancement-supplements-do-not-improve-power-output-work-capacity-and-cognition
#3
Jennifer A Bunn, Andrew Crossley, Morgan D Timiney
BACKGROUND: Improving motor unit recruitment and function is trainable and positively affects performance. Evidence suggests that supplementation of choline, uridine, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may also enhance neuromuscular function. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of acute ingestion of these supplements on anaerobic exercise performance and cognition. METHODS: Twenty college-aged trained males (21.2 ± 1.4 years, 181.2 ± 6.1 cm, 94.4 ± 20...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222574/separate-aftereffects-of-morning-and-evening-exercise-on-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-pre-hypertensive-men
#4
Leandro C Brito, Rafael A Rezende, Caroline Mendes, Natan D Silva-Junior, Taís Tinucci, José Cipolla-Neto, Claudia L Forjaz
BACKGROUND: Clinic post-exercise hypotension (PEH) is different after aerobic exercise performed in the morning and in the evening. Thus, ambulatory PEH should also differ after exercises conducted at different times of day. However, because of the circadian pattern of BP, ambulatory PEH should be assessed considering a control condition. Thus, this study was designed to verify the effects of morning and evening exercises on post-exercise ambulatory BP averages and circadian parameters by comparing responses obtained at each time of day after an exercise and a control session...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222561/validation-of-the-standardized-touchscreen-assessment-of-cognition-with-neurotypical-adults
#5
Sarah E Wallace, Elena Donoso Brown, Andrea D Fairman, Koren Beardshall, Anna Olexsovich, Alicia Taylor, James B Schreiber
BACKGROUND: Portable electronic devices are increasingly being used for clinical assessment of individuals with cognitive deficits. Prior to implementation of tablet-based assessments, comparison with other standard measures is needed. OBJECTIVE: The study purpose was to compare an iPad administered cognitive assessment known as the Standardized Touchscreen Assessment of Cognition (STAC) to the Cognitive Linguistic Quick Test (CLQT) and the Cognitive Assessment of Minnesota (CAM)...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222558/effects-of-gait-training-using-the-hybrid-assistive-limb%C3%A2-%C3%A2-in-recovery-phase-stroke-patients-a-2-month-follow-up-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Hiroki Watanabe, Ryohei Goto, Naoki Tanaka, Akira Matsumura, Hisako Yanagi
BACKGROUND: Gait training using the Hybrid Assistive Limb ® (HAL ®) may have beneficial effects on post-stroke gait function and independent walking. However, the long-term and medium-term efficacies of gait training using HAL ® in stroke patients remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare the medium-term efficacy of gait training using a single-leg version of the Hybrid Assistive Limb ® (HAL ®) on the paretic side with conventional gait training (CGT) in recovery-phase stroke patients...
January 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222556/is-there-influence-of-the-load-addition-during-treadmill-training-on-cardiovascular-parameters-and-gait-performance-in-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Tatiana Souza Ribeiro, Tállyta Camila Chaves da Silva, Renata Carlos Felipe, Emília Márcia Gomes de Souza E Silva, Matheus Oliveira Lacerda, Ana Paula Spaniol, Ana Raquel Rodrigues Lindquist
BACKGROUND: Although exercises involving both lower limbs are indicated for aerobic training, stroke patients have shown expressive asymmetry between the paretic and non-paretic lower limb (NPLL). Performing activities that stimulate the paretic limb during aerobic exercise may optimize training results. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if there is influence of load addition on NPLL during treadmill training on cardiovascular parameters and gait performance of subacute stroke patients...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222555/effects-of-scapulohumeral-rehabilitation-protocol-on-trunk-control-recovery-in%C3%A2-patients-with-subacute-stroke-a%C3%A2-pilot%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Dell'Uomo Daniela, Morone Giovanni, Centrella Antonio, Paolucci Stefano, Caltagirone Carlo, Grasso Maria Grazia, Traballesi Marco, Iosa Marco
BACKGROUND: Despite upper limb rehabilitation is widely investigated in patients with stroke, the effects of rehabilitation of scapulohumeral on trunk stabillization are mainly unknown. OBJECTIVE: To test the effects of scapulohumeral rehabilitation protocol on trunk control recovery in patients with subacute stroke. METHODS: A pilot randomized controlled trial with two groups of 14 patients each one performing 20 minutes per day, 5 days a week, for 6 weeks in add on to standard therapy...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222553/dual-afferent-sensory-input-training-for-voluntary-movement-after-stroke-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#9
Seahyun Bae, Kyung-Yoon Kim
BACKGROUND: Stimulation through afferent sensory input is necessary to improve voluntary functional movement in stroke patients. OBJECTIVES: Dual-afferent sensory input, which combines electromyography-triggered functional electric stimulation (ETFES) and action observation, was investigated to determine its effects on voluntary movements in stroke patients. METHODS: This study was conducted on 18 patients with left hemiplegia diagnosed between 6 and 24 months prior...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222552/comparison-of-cognitive-orientation-to-daily-occupational-performance-and-conventional-occupational-therapy-on-occupational-performance-in-individuals-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Si-Nae Ahn, Min-Ye Jung, Hae-Yean Park, Ji-Yeon Lee, Yoo-Im Choi, Eun-Young Yoo
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) approach based on cognitive strategy in occupational therapy. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of CO-OP approach on occupational performance in individuals with hemiparetic stroke. METHODS: This study was designed as a 5-week, randomized, single-blind. Forty-three participants who had a diagnosis of first stroke were enrolled in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to the experimental group (n = 20) or the control group (n = 23)...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222543/anodal-cerebellar-tdcs-modulates-lower-extremity-pain-perception
#11
Manuel Pereira, Basil Rafiq, Einul Chowdhury, Jacqueline Babayev, HyunJi Boo, Rowan Metwaly, Sandilya Priam, Eileen Chusid, Fortunato Battaglia
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated the use of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for pain management. The studies investigating therapeutic neuromodulation with tDCS for lower extremity pain are scarce and inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyze the effects of cerebellar tDCS on lower extremity sensory and pain thresholds in healthy volunteers. METHODS: This was a single-blind crossover repeated-measure study...
January 31, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222534/a-meta-analysis-of-memantine-for%C3%A2-depression
#12
Taro Kishi, Shinji Matsunaga, Nakao Iwata
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on whether memantine was beneficial for the treatment of depressive symptoms in major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). The analysis included double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of memantine in MDD and BD. The primary outcome measures for efficacy and safety were response rate and all-cause discontinuation, respectively. Risk ratio (RR) and standardized mean difference with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222505/cognitive-training-interventions-for%C3%A2-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#13
Eeva-Liisa Kallio, Hanna Öhman, Hannu Kautiainen, Marja Hietanen, Kaisu Pitkälä
BACKGROUND: Cognitive training (CT) refers to guided cognitive exercises designed to improve specific cognitive functions, as well as enhance performance in untrained cognitive tasks. Positive effects of CT on cognitive functions in healthy elderly people and persons with mild cognitive impairment have been reported, but data regarding the effects of CT in patients with dementia is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We systematically reviewed the current evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to find out if CT improves or stabilizes cognition and/or everyday functioning in patients with mild and moderate Alzheimer's disease...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222490/the-prevalence-of-convergence-insufficiency-in-iran-a-population-based-study
#14
Hassan Hashemi, Payam Nabovati, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Asgar Doostdar, Ehsan Shiralivand, Abbasali Yekta
PURPOSE: The aim was to determine the prevalence of convergence insufficiency and its relationship with age, gender and refractive error in a population-based study. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all residents over one year old in Mashhad city, in the north east of Iran, were sampled through random stratified cluster sampling. After selecting samples and their participation in the study, they all had eye examinations including the measurement of visual acuity, refraction, binocular vision assessment, including cover test, measurement of near point of convergence and fusional vergences and finally, slitlamp biomicroscopy...
February 21, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222485/dose-response-modeling-in-mental-health-using-stein-like-estimators-with-instrumental-variables
#15
Cedric E Ginestet, Richard Emsley, Sabine Landau
A mental health trial is analyzed using a dose-response model, in which the number of sessions attended by the patients is deemed indicative of the dose of psychotherapeutic treatment. Here, the parameter of interest is the difference in causal treatment effects between the subpopulations that take part in different numbers of therapy sessions. For this data set, interactions between random treatment allocation and prognostic baseline variables provide the requisite instrumental variables. While the corresponding two-stage least squares (TSLS) estimator tends to have smaller bias than the ordinary least squares (OLS) estimator; the TSLS suffers from larger variance...
February 21, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222466/cromolyn-sodium-attenuates-paraquat-induced-lung-injury-by-modulation-of-proinflammatory-cytokines
#16
Amir Larki Harchegani, Ali Asghar Hemmati, Amir Nili-Ahmadabadi, Borhan Darabi, Somayeh Shabib
The current study aimed to investigate the effects of Cromolyn Sodium (CS) on proinflammatory cytokines in Paraquat (PQ)-induced lung damage in rat. Animals were randomly divided into 5 groups. Group 1 and 2 received nebulized vehicle and CS (8 mg/kg) for 3 consecutive weeks, respectively. Group 3 was treated with single oral dose of PQ (40 mg/kg). Groups 4 and 5 were PQ groups which received nebulized CS (6 and 8 mg/kg/day, respectively) from 1 week before to 2 weeks after PQ administration. Finally, the animals were scarified and the changes of hydroxyproline (HP) and histology were evaluated in lung tissue...
February 21, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222465/autologous-conditioned-plasma-versus-placebo-injection-therapy-in-lateral-epicondylitis-of-the-elbow-a-double-blind-randomized-study
#17
Volker Schöffl, Wolfgang Willauschus, Felix Sauer, Thomas Küpper, Isabelle Schöffl, Christoph Lutter, Kolja Gelse, Jörg Dickschas
Introduction There are various therapeutic approaches to the treatment of lateral epicondylitis, a highly prevalent musculoskeletal disorder. Recently, injection therapy with autologous conditioned plasma (ACP) has shown promise as a new approach. Methods Set up as a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial, this study involved 50 patients with lateral epicondylitis. Following external randomization, 25 patients received one round of injection therapy with ACP (platelet rich plasma, PRP), while the remaining 25 patients received a placebo of 0...
February 21, 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222450/it-s-time-to-screen-for-bullying
#18
EDITORIAL
John Hickner
Because bullying occurs so frequently, public health, community-based, and school-based approaches, rather than one-on-one office-based interventions, are likely to have the greatest overall impact on decreasing bullying. Randomized trials bear this out, showing that prevention programs in schools can effectively reduce the behavior.
February 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222446/the-timing-of-embryo-transfer-catheter-removal-should-it-be-delayed-or-done-immediately-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#19
Belgin Devranoğlu, Özkan Özdamar, Yiğit Çakıroğlu, Mehmet Küçükbaş, Meryem K Eken, Emek Doğer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Data on the timing of catheter removal technique following embryo transfer (ET) are quite limited. We aimed to compare the reproductive outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)/ET cycles in which the transfer catheter was removed immediately with those in which the catheter was removed after a delay period and hereby to evaluate the impact that the time interval before removal of the catheter following embryo deposit may have on the fertility outcomes. METHODS: A prospective randomized study was designed...
February 22, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222438/microrna-29b-inhibits-angiogenesis-by-targeting-vegfa-through-the-mapk-erk-and-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathways-in-endometrial-carcinoma
#20
Hong-Xia Chen, Xiao-Xia Xu, Bu-Zhen Tan, Zhi Zhang, Xiao-Dong Zhou
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of microRNA-29b (miR-29b) regulating MAPK/ERK and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways on angiogenesis in endometrial carcinoma (EC) by targeting VEGFA. METHODS: Between February 2013 and April 2015, 126 EC patients admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University were randomly selected, with 126 EC tissues and the corresponding adjacent normal tissues collected after surgery. The human EC cell lines RL-95-2 and HEC-1-B and human endometrial cells were assigned to the normal group (human endometrial cells), the blank group (untransfected RL-95-2 or HEC-1-B cells), the pMIR-control group (RL-95-2 or HEC-1-B cells transfected with an empty vector), the pMIR-miR-29b group (RL-95-2 or HEC-1-B cells transfected with the miR-29b plasmid), LNA-control group (RL-95-2 or HEC-1-B cells transfected with an oligonucleotide inhibitors control), the LNA-miR-29b inhibitors group (RL-95-2 or HEC-1-B cells transfected with miRCURY LNATM miR-29b inhibitors), the LNA-miR-29b inhibitors + PD98059 group (RL-95-2 or HEC-1-B cells transfected with miRCURY LNATM miR-29b inhibitors and PD98059, an inhibitor of the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway) and the LNA-miR-29b inhibitors + wortmannin group (RL-95-2 or HEC-1-B cells transfected with miRCURY LNATM miR-29b inhibitors and wortmannin, an inhibitor of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway)...
February 20, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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