keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hepatic ultrasound

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785546/diagnosis-and-management-of-primary-hepatic-pregnancy-literature-review-of-31-cases
#1
REVIEW
Jicai Wang, Zhilei Su, Shounan Lu, Wen Fu, Zhifa Liu, Xingming Jiang, Sheng Tai
PURPOSE: To summarize the appropriate diagnostic methods and therapeutic options for primary hepatic pregnancy (PHP). METHODS: Literature searches were performed in Pubmed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Embase databases (1956-2017), using the following search terms: primary hepatic pregnancy, hepatic pregnancy, liver pregnancy, hepatic ectopic pregnancy and intrahepatic pregnancy. Further literature was confirmed through cross-referencing. RESULTS: Thirty-one cases were reviewed and collected...
May 21, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785393/monitoring-methotrexate-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-with-psoriasis-utility-of-transient-elastography
#2
REVIEW
Harriet S Cheng, Marius Rademaker
Increasingly, existing evidence indicates that methotrexate-associated liver injury is related to comorbid risk factors such as diabetes, alcoholism, and obesity, rather than to methotrexate itself. Despite this fact, significant effort continues to be expended in the monitoring of low-dose methotrexate in patients with psoriasis. The gold standard investigation has been liver biopsy, but this is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. As methotrexate-induced liver injury is uncommon, the risk/benefit ratio of liver biopsy has been questioned...
2018: Psoriasis: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776711/preliminary-assessment-of-the-diagnostic-performances-of-a-new-rapid-diagnostic-test-for-the-serodiagnosis-of-human-cystic-echinococcosis
#3
REVIEW
Ambra Vola, Francesca Tamarozzi, Rahmah Noordin, Muhammad Hafiznur Yunus, Sam Khanbabaie, Annalisa De Silvestri, Enrico Brunetti, Mara Mariconti
Rapid diagnostic tests for cystic echinococcosis (CE) are convenient to support ultrasound diagnosis in uncertain cases, especially in resource-limited settings. We found comparable diagnostic performances of the experimental Hyd Rapid Test and the commercial VIRapid HYDATIDOSIS Test, used in our diagnostic laboratory, using samples from well-characterized hepatic CE cases.
April 14, 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774454/analysis-of-three-ultrasound-elastography-techniques-for-grading-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#4
Xinping Ren, Shujun Xia, Zhongxin Ni, Weiwei Zhan, Jianqiao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of liver fibrosis is important to assess prognosis and guide the treatment for chronic hepatitis B. OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare transient, point, and two-dimensional (2D) shear wave elastography techniques in grading the liver fibrosis. METHODS: Based on the severity of liver inflammation and fibrosis (Scheuer criteria), 158 patients with chronic hepatitis B were assigned into group 1 (either G or S classification < 2) or group 2 (either G or S classification ≥ 2)...
May 17, 2018: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769030/in-silico-simulation-of-liver-crack-detection-using-ultrasonic-shear-wave-imaging
#5
Erwei Nie, Jiao Yu, Debaditya Dutta, Yanying Zhu
BACKGROUND: Liver trauma is an important source of morbidity and mortality worldwide. A timely detection and precise evaluation of traumatic liver injury and the bleeding site is necessary. There is a need to develop better imaging modalities of hepatic injuries to increase the sensitivity of ultrasonic imaging techniques for sites of hemorrhage caused by cracks. In this study, we conduct an in silico simulation of liver crack detection and delineation using an ultrasonic shear wave imaging (USWI) based method...
May 16, 2018: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754940/radioguided-hepatic-resection-with-18-f-dopa-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma
#6
J López-Gómez, S Medina-Ornelas, M A Salazar-Álvarez, M Álvarez-Bojórquez, N Zaragoza-Cruz, J Melchor-Ruan, A Álvarez-Cano
INTRODUCTION: Medullary carcinoma accounts for 1-2% of all thyroid malignancies. 13-20% of patients present with distant metastasis, with 45% of the cases affecting the liver. CLINICAL CASE: A 50-year-old woman, diagnosed with medullary thyroid carcinoma, was treated with total thyroidectomy and a modified neck dissection in 1999. Two lymph node recurrences in the neck were treated with surgical resection; during surveillance, she developed elevated calcitonin levels, the recurrence site was identified with 18 F-DOPA PET/CT in the liver...
May 10, 2018: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749323/effects-of-delta-tocotrienol-supplementation-on-liver-enzymes-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-hepatic-steatosis-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#7
Muhammad Amjad Pervez, Dishad Ahmet Khan, Aamir Ijaz, Shamrez Khan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a growing public health problem worldwide and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Currently, there is no definitive treatment for this disease. δ-Tocotrienol has potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and may reduce liver injury in NAFLD. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of δ-tocotrienol in the treatment of NAFLD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study conducted in patients aged > 20 years, belonging to both sexes, having ultrasound-proven fatty liver disease, having a fatty liver index (FLI) of ≥ 60, and persistent elevation of alanine transaminase...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742707/surgical-treatment-for-metastasis-from-lymphoepithelioma-like-cholangiocarcinoma-in-the-liver-a-case-report
#8
Jun-Wei Zhang, Hua-Yu Yang, Yi-Yao Xu, Xin-Ting Sang, Shuang-Ni Yu, Han-Chun Huang, Jin Bian, Jian-Ping Xiong, Xin Lu
RATIONALE: Lymphoepithelioma-like cholangiocarcinoma (LEL-CC) is a rare variant of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC), which is characterized by the better outcome than normal ICC. There is no report about the treatment for the metastasis of the LEL-CC. Here, we describe a rare case of LEL-CC of the liver and report the treatment for metastasis of it. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 38-year-old woman with a chronic hepatitis B infection was referred to the department of liver surgery in our hospital with a mass in the liver...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737108/-clinical-and-ultrasonographic-features-of-hepatic-infantile-hemangioendothelioma
#9
Hong Wang, Huan Zhang, Ting-Ting Qiu, Yu-Lan Peng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical manifestations and ultrasound features of hepatic infantile hemangioendothelioma (IHE). METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical features and ultrasound characteristics of 8 patients of IHE,whose diagnosis was confirmed by surgery or liver biopsy from January 2010 to October 2016. RESULTS: Among the eight IHE patients,the male-to-female ratio was 1:1,with the mean age ranged from 15 d to 3 yr...
January 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736835/value-of-two-dimensional-shear-wave-elastography-for-assessing-acute-liver-congestion-in-a-bama-mini-pig-model
#10
Li-Ting Xie, Dan-Xia Xu, Guo Tian, Li-Yun Zhong, Qi-Yu Zhao, Qing-Hong Ke, Tian-An Jiang
BACKGROUND: To date, liver congestion is one of the most significant clinical diseases. However, few studies have profoundly investigated the development, pathology, and prognosis of the important problems associated with acute hepatic congestion. AIMS: To explore the value of noninvasive two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) for assessing acute liver congestion in an animal model. METHODS: Six healthy Bama mini-pigs were used for this research and randomly divided into the experimental group and control group...
May 8, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735798/thrombosis-of-the-portal-venous-system-in-cirrhotic-vs-non-cirrhotic-patients
#11
Vania Cruz-Ramón, Paulina Chinchilla-López, Oscar Ramírez-Pérez, Nancy E Aguilar-Olivos, Luis F Alva-López, Ericka Fajardo-Ordoñez, Ileana Acevedo-Silva, Patrick G Northup, Nicolas Intagliata, Stephen H Caldwell, Guadalupe Ponciano-Rodríguez, Xingshun Qi, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Thrombosis is a vascular disorder of the liver often associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Cirrhosis is a predisposing factor for portal venous system thrombosis. The aim of this study is to determine differences between cirrhotics and non-cirrhotics that develop thrombosis in portal venous system and to evaluate if cirrhosis severity is related to the development of portal venous system thrombosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied patients diagnosed with portal venous system thrombosis using contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan and doppler ultrasound at Medica Sur Hospital from 2012 to 2017...
April 9, 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735312/steato-score-non-invasive-quantitative-assessment-of-liver-fat-by-ultrasound-imaging
#12
Nicole Di Lascio, Cinzia Avigo, Antonio Salvati, Nicola Martini, Monica Ragucci, Serena Monti, Anna Prinster, Dante Chiappino, Marcello Mancini, Domenico D'Elia, Lorenzo Ghiadoni, Ferruccio Bonino, Maurizia R Brunetto, Francesco Faita
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is becoming a global epidemic. The aim of this study was to develop a system for assessing liver fat content based on ultrasound images. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy measurements were obtained in 61 patients and the controlled attenuation parameter in 54. Ultrasound images were acquired for all 115 participants and used to calculate the hepatic/renal ratio, hepatic/portal vein ratio, attenuation rate, diaphragm visualization and portal vein wall visualization. The Steato-score was obtained by combining these five parameters...
May 4, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731074/postoperative-doppler-ultrasonography-in-liver-transplantation
#13
Y K Chung, H J Choi, G H Na, Y K You, I Y Park
BACKGROUND: Doppler ultrasonography plays an important role in the postoperative management of liver transplantation. We present our initial experiences evaluating liver transplants with the use of postoperative Doppler sonography. METHODS: In our hospital, we performed 20 liver transplantations from July 2014 to October 2016. Among 20 patients, we performed 15 deceased-donor liver transplantations (DDLTs) and 5 living-donor liver transplantations (LDLTs). For deceased donors, inferior vena cava anastomoses were performed with the use of the piggyback technique, and for living donors, modified right grafts were used with middle hepatic vein reconstruction by Dacron graft...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727382/evaluation-of-accuracy-of-elastography-point-quantification-versus-other-noninvasive-modalities-in-staging-of-fibrosis-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-patients
#14
Rabab Fouad, Tamer Elbaz, Shereen Abdel Alem, Aisha Elsharkawy, Mohamed Negm, Marwa Khairy, Mohamed Hassany, Ahmed Cordie, Wafaa El Akel, Gamal Esmat
BACKGROUND: Elastography point quantification (ElastPQ) is a newly noninvasive method incorporated into a conventional ultrasound system for staging of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic liver diseases. AIM: The aim was to evaluate ElastPQ reproducibility and its accuracy in staging of liver fibrosis in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients in comparison with transient elastography (TE) and fibrosis scores [FIB-4 and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI)] using liver biopsy as a reference standard and also to predict the sensitivity and specificity of ElastPQ as well as proposing a cut-off for advanced fibrosis...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727284/probe-oscillation-shear-wave-elastography-initial-in-vivo-results-in-liver
#15
Daniel C Mellema, Pengfei Song, Randall R Kinnick, Joshua D Trzasko, Matthew W Urban, James F Greenleaf, Armando Manduca, Shigao Chen
Shear wave elastography methods are able to accurately measure tissue stiffness, allowing these techniques to monitor the progression of hepatic fibrosis. While many methods rely on acoustic radiation force to generate shear waves for 2-D imaging, probe oscillation shear wave elastography (PROSE) provides an alternative approach by generating shear waves through continuous vibration of the ultrasound probe while simultaneously detecting the resulting motion. The generated shear wave field in in vivo liver is complicated, and the amplitude and quality of these shear waves can be influenced by the placement of the vibrating probe...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725560/fatal-fulminant-hepatitis-from-rituximab-induced-hepatitis-b-reactivation-in-a-patient-with-follicular-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-a-brief-review-of-literature
#16
Zarak H Khan, Kamran Ilyas, Haider Ghazanfar, Hamza H Khan, Qulsoom Hussain, Sahla Hammad, Ahmed Munir, Rizwan Asim
The objective of our study was to recognize hepatitis B reactivation as a complication of rituximab chemotherapy and to realize the importance of screening for prior Hepatitis B virus (HBV) exposure in all patients with hematologic malignancies who will receive rituximab as part of their therapy. Rituximab is a monoclonal antibody targeting CD 20 receptors on the membrane of B cells. In this case report, we described a 79-year-old man who presented to our department with nausea, fatigue, and jaundice. Two months ago, he had received the last dose of the chemotherapy regimen containing rituximab for follicular B cell lymphoma...
March 2, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725428/ultrasound-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-enhances-natural-killer-mediated-antitumor-immunity-against-liver-cancer
#17
Zelai Mo, Hailan Lu, Shaowei Mo, Xiangmin Fu, Shunwu Chang, Jie Yue
For patients with liver cancer who are not sufficiently fit for surgical resection, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an effective and low risk treatment modality; however, the mechanism underlying this procedure is not fully understood. In the present study, a series of experiments were conducted, which demonstrated that RFA therapy stimulates innate antitumor immunity via directly enhancing natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity, thus achieving a favorable outcome for patients with liver tumors. It was determined that the percentage of NK cells within the peripheral blood of the rabbits in the RFA treatment groups were significantly higher, compared with the control groups...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722568/liver-fat-imaging-a-clinical-overview-of-ultrasound-ct-and-mr-imaging
#18
Yingzhen Zhang, Kathryn J Fowler, Gavin Hamilton, Jennifer Cui, Ethan Z Sy, Michelle Balanay, Jonathan C Hooker, Nikolaus M Szeverenyi, Claude B Sirlin
Hepatic steatosis is a frequently encountered imaging finding that may indicate chronic liver disease, the most common of which is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD is implicated in the development of systemic diseases and its progressive phenotype, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), leads to increased liver-specific morbidity and mortality. With the rising obesity epidemic and advent of novel therapeutics aimed at altering metabolism, there is a growing need to quantify and monitor liver steatosis...
May 3, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721125/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-identifies-early-extrahepatic-collateral-contributing-to-residual-hepatocellular-tumor-viability-after-transarterial-chemoembolization
#19
Sriharsha Gummadi, Maria Stanczak, Andrej Lyshchik, Flemming Forsberg, Colette M Shaw, John R Eisenbrey
The mainstay of treatment for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma is locoregional therapy including percutaneous ablation and transarterial chemo- and radioembolization. While monitoring for tumor response after transarterial chemoembolization is crucial, current imaging strategies are suboptimal. The standard of care is contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography imaging performed at least 4 to 6 weeks after therapy. We present a case in which contrast-enhanced ultrasound identified a specific extra-hepatic collateral from the gastroduodenal artery supplying residual viable tumor and assisting with directed transarterial management...
June 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720579/congenital-esophageal-atresia-and-microtia-in-a-newborn-secondary-to-mycophenolate-mofetil-exposure-during-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Musaed Mohammed Alsebayel, Faisal Abdulrahman Abaalkhail, Faisal Mohammed Alsebayel, Dema A Alissa, Ahmed Hamdan Al-Jedai, Hussien Elsiesy
BACKGROUND Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs to prevent organ transplant rejection in combination with calcineurin inhibitors and steroids. It has a different toxicity profile than tacrolimus and cyclosporine.  Gastrointestinal tract disturbances are the most common adverse effects. The use of MMF in pregnant women, however, holds great risk of miscarriage and fetal development defects such as external ear malformation, ocular anomalies, cleft lip and palate, and abnormality of distal limbs, heart, esophagus, and kidneys...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
keyword
keyword
18976
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"