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Jing Yang, Chuling Guo, Shasha Liu, Weiting Liu, Han Wang, Zhi Dang, Guining Lu
Dibutyl phthalate (DBP), as a plasticizer, is widely used in China, and it is easily released into diverse environments. In this study, we have obtained a stable bacterial consortium (B1) enriched from municipal sewage treatment plant activated sludge. The obtained bacterial consortium B1 was capable of degrading DBP and was mainly composed of Pandoraea sp. and Microbacterium sp. From the initial concentrations of 35-500 mg L-1 , DBP was efficiently degraded by the consortium, with the degradation rates above 92% within 3 days...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xiangliang Tang, Shengde Wu, Lianju Shen, Yi Wei, Xining Cao, Yangcai Wang, Chunlan Long, Yue Zhou, Dian Li, Fangyuan Huang, Bo Liu, Guanghui Wei
Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is an environmental endocrine disruptor widely used in China that is harmful to the male reproductive system. Many studies have shown that DEHP causes testicular toxicity through oxidative stress, but the specific mechanism is unknown. Because the Notch pathway is a key mechanism for regulating cell growth and proliferation, we investigated whether Notch is involved in DEHP-induced testicular toxicity and whether vitamins E and C could rescue testicular impairment in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats...
April 16, 2018: Environmental Toxicology
Charlotte Fernandez-Canal, Pierre-Gabriel Pinta, Teuta Eljezi, Virginie Larbre, Sophie Kauffmann, Lionel Camilleri, Bernard Cosserant, Lise Bernard, Bruno Pereira, Jean-Michel Constantin, Gael Grimandi, Valérie Sautou
BACKGROUND: ECMO is a therapeutic act with a high risk of exposure to diethylhexylphthalate (DEHP), plasticizer from PVC tubings. The replacement of this plasticizer with alternative compounds is recommended but the risks associated with the use of new plasticizers have not been evaluated in ECMO situations. METHODS: Ex vivo ECMO models were performed with different flow rates over 6 days to evaluate the migration of plasticizers and their potential toxic risk for patient...
April 16, 2018: Expert Review of Medical Devices
So Hyeon Jeon, Yong Pyo Kim, Younglim Kho, Jeoung Hwa Shin, Won Hyun Ji, Yun Gyong Ahn
A method for the quantitative determination of dibutyl phthalate (DBP), benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP), bis(2-ethylhexyl) adipate (DEHA), bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP), dioctyl terephthalate (DOTP), diisononyl phthalate (DINP), and diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP) in medical infusion sets was developed and validated using gas chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) in the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. Solvent extraction with polymer dissolution for sample preparation was employed prior to GC-MS/MS analysis...
2018: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Shang-Wei Li, Chun Ming How, Vivian Hsiu-Chuan Liao
The plasticizer di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is an emerging organic contaminant that has represented a risk for organisms present in the environment. However, there is still limited information regarding DEHP-induced multigenerational toxicity and the underlying mechanisms. In this study we investigated the multigenerational toxic effects including locomotive behaviors and reproduction upon prolonged DEHP exposure (from larval L1 to adult) and the underlying mechanisms in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans...
April 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Taofeek Salaudeen, Omobola Okoh, Foluso Agunbiade, Anthony Okoh
The concentration and fates of six priority phthalate esters (PAEs); dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP), di (2-ethyl hexyl) phthalate (DEHP), and di-n-octyl phthalate (DOP) in wastewaters from the wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) which adopted the activated sludge technology in the Amathole Municipality, Eastern Cape, South Africa were investigated. The six PAEs were detected in all the influents and in almost all the WWTP effluent of which DBP was the most abundant in the influent followed by DEHP...
March 28, 2018: Chemosphere
Erdem Durmaz, Pinar Erkekoglu, Ali Asci, Sema Akçurin, İffet Bircan, Belma Kocer-Gumusel
In girls, breast development before eight years of age is called "premature thelarche (PT)". There are few studies in literature that show the interaction between PT and phthalate exposure. The aim of this study was to determine the urinary levels of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) metabolites and other phthalate metabolites in girls with PT. PT group consisted of 29 newly diagnosed subjects. Control group comprised of healthy age-matched girls (n = 25). Urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations were measured by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectroscopy (LC-MS/MS)...
March 17, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Pin-Wen Huang, Cong-Zhi Wang, Qun-Yan Wu, Jian-Hui Lan, Gang Song, Zhi-Fang Chai, Wei-Qun Shi
In recent years, there has been a trend to use synergistic systems of neutral and acidic extractants into a single-solvent formulation to achieve Ln3+/An3+ extraction and separation via simplified processing schemes. In this study, geometrical structures, bonding nature, and thermodynamic stabilities of a series of possible extraction complexes of Am3+ and Eu3+ with two neutral-acid synergistic systems (CMPO-HDEHP and CMPO-HEH[EHP]) were theoretically studied using scalar-relativistic density functional theory (DFT)...
April 3, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yi Wei, Yu Zhou, Xiang-Liang Tang, Bin Liu, Lian-Ju Shen, Chun-Lan Long, Tao Lin, Da-Wei He, Sheng-de Wu, Guang-Hui Wei
BACKGROUND: Cryptorchidism is a common condition of childhood, and it is known to impair fertility potential. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS: This study constructed two cryptorchid rat models to investigate the roles of apoptosis and autophagy in testicular impairment induced by cryptorchidism. Pregnant rats were randomly divided into three groups. Group I: non-treated rats were used as controls. Group II: injected with drug Flutamide (Flu) 25 mg/kg/bw/d from Gestation Day (GD) 11-19...
April 2, 2018: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
Frank Münch, Christine Höllerer, André Klapproth, Elisabeth Eckert, André Rüffer, Robert Cesnjevar, Thomas Göen
Plasticizers in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) are not covalently bound to the polymer and can thus migrate into the contact medium. The presented study investigated the potential effects of phospholipid-lining as anti-coagulation coating (ACC) on the migration rate of plasticizers from PVC tubing into blood. For the in-vitro study, five different groups of tubing sets in six replicates were perfused with sheep blood (Group A: PVC plasticized with di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) without ACC, Group B: DEHP-plasticized PVC with ACC, Group C: PVC plasticized with tri-(2-ethylhexyl) trimellitate (TOTM) without ACC, Group D: TOTM-plasticized PVC with ACC, Group E (control group): polyolefin material with ACC but without plasticizers)...
March 20, 2018: Chemosphere
Shao-Hui Zhang, Ya-Xin Shen, Lin Li, Tong-Tong Fan, Yan Wang, Ning Wei
Widespread phthalate exposure has been recently documented and is hypothesized to increase blood pressure (BP) in humans. However, current studies have provided inconclusive evidence for an association between phthalate exposure and BP. Human epidemiologic studies on the topic remain lacking. Therefore, this study aims to examine the association between serum phthalate concentrations and BP in a Chinese population. We measured several parameters of BP (systolic BP, diastolic BP, total cholesterol, and triglyceride) and the concentrations of 16 phthalates (dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate, diisobutyl phthalate, dibutyl phthalate (DBP), bis (2-methoxyethyl) phthalate, bis (4-methyl-2-pentyl) phthalate, bis (2-ethoxyethyl) phthalate, diamyl phthalate, dihexyl phthalate, benzyl butyl phthalate, bis (2-nbutoxyethyl) phthalate (DBEP), dicyclohexyl phthalate, bis (2-ethyl hexyl) phthalate (DEHP), diisononyl phthalate, diphenyl phthalate, and di-n-octyl phthalate) in the serum of 474 adults recruited from a primary health care clinic...
March 27, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sharon Graminske, Kathleen Puca, Anna Schmidt, Scott Brooks, Amanda Boerner, Sybil Heldke, Monika de Arruda Indig, Mark Brucks, David Kossor
BACKGROUND: Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) makes polyvinyl chloride flexible for use in blood bags and stabilizes the red blood cell (RBC) membrane preventing excessive hemolysis. DEHP migrates into the blood product and rodent studies have suggested that DEHP exposure may be associated with adverse health effects albeit at high dosages. Although structurally and functionally similar to DEHP, di(2-ethylhexyl)terephthalate (DEHT; or Eastman 168 SG [Eastman Chemical Company]) is metabolically distinct with a comprehensive and benign toxicology profile...
March 25, 2018: Transfusion
Huixiong Lü, Ce-Hui Mo, Hai-Ming Zhao, Lei Xiang, Athanasios Katsoyiannis, Yan-Wen Li, Quan-Ying Cai, Ming-Hung Wong
Phthalates (PAEs) are extensively used as plasticizers and constitute one of the most frequently detected organic contaminants in the environment. With the deterioration of eco-environment in China during the past three decades, many studies on PAE occurrence in soils and their risk assessments have been conducted which allow us to carry out a fairly comprehensive assessment of soil PAE contamination on a nation-wide scale. This review combines the updated information available associated with PAE current levels, distribution patterns (including urban soil, rural or agricultural soil, seasonal and vertical variations), potential sources, and human health exposure...
March 21, 2018: Environmental Research
Hsin-Pao Chen, Yung-Kuo Lee, Shih Yin Huang, Pei-Chun Shi, Ping-Chi Hsu, Chuan-Fa Chang
Phthalates are widely used as plasticizers. Humans can be exposed to phthalates through ingestion, inhalation, or treatments that release di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and its metabolite, mono(2-ehylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), into the body from polyvinyl chloride-based medical devices. Phthalate exposure may induce reproductive toxicity, liver damage, and carcinogenesis in humans. This study found that colon cancer cells exposed to DEHP or MEHP exhibited increased cell viability and increased levels of P-glycoprotein, CD133, Bcl-2, Akt, ERK, GSK3β, and β-catenin when treated with oxaliplatin or irinotecan, as compared to control...
March 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Ali S Alfardan, Ahmed Nadeem, Sheikh F Ahmad, Naif O Al-Harbi, Mohammad M Al-Harbi, Shakir D AlSharari
In recent decades, there has been a gradual increase in the prevalence of asthma. Various factors including environmental pollutants have contributed to this phenomenon. Plasticizer, di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) is one of the commonest environmental pollutants due to its association with plastic products. DEHP gets released from plastic products easily leading to respiratory exposure in humans. As a consequence, DEHP is associated with allergic asthma in humans and animals. DEHP is reported to act as an adjuvant in ovalbumin-induced mouse models of asthma at high doses...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Research
Julia Petit, Anaïs Wakx, Sophie Gil, Thierry Fournier, Nicolas Auzeil, Patrice Rat, Olivier Laprévote
During pregnancy, exposure to environmental contaminants can lead to adverse effects on fetal growth and development, especially by targeting the placenta. Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), the most abundant chemical used in plastic materials, is known to induce toxicity on animals reproductive system and is suspected to give rise to similar effect in humans. Toxicity of DEHP is due to its main metabolite, MEHP, which is also known to disturb lipid synthesis in several organs. Moreover, mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phtalate (MEHP) is a high affinity ligand of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor PPARγ which is essential for placental development and lipid metabolism...
March 19, 2018: Biochimie
Hiroyuki Yanagisawa, Yukihiko Kudo, Katsuhiro Nakagawa, Haruhiko Miyagawa, Fumitaka Maruyama, Shigehiko Fujimaki
This study was conducted with the aim of achieving the simultaneous screening of various additives in polymer materials by utilizing a solvent-free pyrolyzer/thermal desorption gas chromatography mass spectrometry (Py/TD-GC-MS) method. As a first step to achieve this goal, simultaneous screening has been examined by selecting major substances representing plasticizers and flame retardants, such as short chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs), decabromodiphenyl ether (DecaBDE), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD), and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)...
March 22, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jieqiong Jiang, Di Mu, Mengyu Ding, Shiyi Zhang, Hong Zhang, Jianying Hu
While phthalates monoesters have been recognized as the bioactive metabolites of phthalates, the knowledge on their environmental occurrence and sources is limited. In this study, monomethyl phthalate (MMP), monoethyl phthalate (MEP), mono-iso-butyl phthalate (MiBP), mono-n-butyl phthalate (MnBP), and mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP) were frequently detected in water samples from the Taihu Lake in China using an improved SPE-LC-MS-MS method. The mean concentrations for MMP, MEP, MiBP, MnBP, and MEHP were 51...
March 13, 2018: Chemosphere
Sarva Mangala Praveena, Seoh Wei Teh, Ranjith Kumar Rajendran, Narayanan Kannan, Chu-Ching Lin, Rozaini Abdullah, Suresh Kumar
Phthalates have been blended in various compositions as plasticizers worldwide for a variety of purposes. Consequently, humans are exposed to a wide spectrum of phthalates that needs to be researched and understood correctly. The goal of this review is to focus on phthalate's internal exposure pathways and possible role of human digestion on liver toxicity. In addition, special focus was made on stem cell therapy in reverting liver toxicity. The known entry of higher molecular weight phthalates is through ingestion while inhalation and dermal pathways are for lower molecular weight phthalates...
March 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Noushin Rastkari, Maryam Zare Jeddi, Masud Yunesian, Reza Ahmadkhaniha
Acidic liquids such as verjuice, lemon juice and vinegar are frequently consumed in Iran. Different kinds of acidic liquids are packaged in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) bottles. There is evidence indicating that phthalates can leach from PET and HDPE bottles into their contents. In this work the effect of storage time, temperature and bottle type on the migration of phthalates from packaging materials into acidic liquids is studied by analyzing the samples stored under different conditions, before storage and after 2, 4 and 6 months of storage...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
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