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Fabrizio Pancaldi, Marco Sebastiani, Giulia Cassone, Fabrizio Luppi, Stefania Cerri, Giovanni Della Casa, Andreina Manfredi
The diagnosis of interstitial lung diseases in patients affected by rheumatoid arthritis is fundamental to improving their survival rate. In particular, the average survival time of patients affected by rheumatoid arthritis with pulmonary implications is approximately 3 years. The gold standard for confirming the diagnosis of this disease is computer tomography. However, it is very difficult to raise diagnosis suspicion because the symptoms of the disease are extremely common in elderly people. The detection of the so-called velcro crackle in lung sounds can effectively raise the suspicion of an interstitial disease and speed up diagnosis...
March 9, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Alexander Pavlosky, Jennifer Glauche, Spencer Chambers, Mahmoud Al-Alawi, Kliment Yanev, Tarek Loubani
The modern acoustic stethoscope is a useful clinical tool used to detect subtle, pathological changes in cardiac, pulmonary and vascular sounds. Currently, brand-name stethoscopes are expensive despite limited innovations in design or fabrication in recent decades. Consequently, the high cost of high quality, brand name models serves as a barrier to clinicians practicing in various settings, especially in low- and middle-income countries. In this publication, we describe the design and validation of a low-cost open-access (Free/Libre) 3D-printed stethoscope which is comparable to the Littmann Cardiology III for use in low-access clinics...
2018: PloS One
Puja Gaur Khaitan, Thomas A D'Amico
OBJECTIVE: To highlight some of the legendary figures in the medical field who have paved the path of thoracic surgery today. METHODS: We reviewed historical articles and landmark studies published in anesthesiology, pulmonology, and thoracic surgery, and summarized them as they pertain to current practice. RESULTS: Throughout our article, we have attempted to chronologically depict how our field has evolved, starting from the development of the stethoscope to reconstructing the esophagus using an extracorporeal tube to minimally invasive complex surgeries that we practice today...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Yangwen Xu, Xiaosha Wang, Xiaoying Wang, Weiwei Men, Jia-Hong Gao, Yanchao Bi
Concepts can be related in many ways. They can belong to the same taxonomic category (e.g., "doctor" and "teacher," both in the category of people) or be associated with the same event context (e.g., "doctor" and "stethoscope," both associated with medical scenarios). How are these two major types of semantic relations coded in the brain? We constructed stimuli representing three taxonomic categories (people, manmade objects, and locations) and three thematic categories (school, medicine, and sports) and investigated the neural representations of these two dimensions using representational similarity analyses in human participants (10 men and 9 women)...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
John N Cranmer, Julia Dettinger, Kimberly Calkins, Minnie Kibore, Onesmus Gachuno, Dilys Walker
BACKGROUND: Globally, the rate of reduction in delivery-associated maternal and perinatal mortality has been slow compared to improvements in post-delivery mortality in children under five. Improving clinical readiness for basic obstetric emergencies is crucial for reducing facility-based maternal deaths. Emergency readiness is commonly assessed using tracers derived from the maternal signal functions model. OBJECTIVE-METHOD: We compare emergency readiness using the signal functions model and a novel clinical cascade...
2018: PloS One
Ting-Tse Lin, Chia-Ling Wang, Min-Tsun Liao, Chao-Lun Lai
BACKGROUND: The accuracy of heart rate (HR) measurement by automated blood pressure monitors in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) remains unclear. The authors investigate the agreement between HR measurements by 2 automated devices and human counting in patients with AF. METHODS: In 47 patients with persistent AF, HR was recorded using 2 automated blood pressure monitors: Omron M5-I and Microlife BPA100 Plus. Human counting of HR by a stethoscope was used as the reference...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Karinna Veríssimo Meira Taveira, Rosane Sampaio Santos, Bianca Lopes Cavalcante de Leão, José Stechman Neto, Leandro Pernambuco, Letícia Korb da Silva, Graziela De Luca Canto, André Luís Porporatti
INTRODUCTION: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a highly prevalent comorbidity in neurological patients and presents a serious health threat, which may lead to outcomes of aspiration pneumonia, ranging from hospitalization to death. This assessment proposes a non-invasive, acoustic-based method to differentiate between individuals with and without signals of penetration and aspiration. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated the diagnostic validity of different methods for assessment of swallowing sounds, when compared to Videofluroscopic of Swallowing Study (VFSS) to detect oropharyngeal dysphagia...
February 3, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Antigoni Deri, Kate English
This review article will guide the reader through the basics of echocardiographic assessment of congenital left to right shunts in both paediatric and adult age groups. After reading this article, the reader will understand the pathology and clinical presentation of atrial septal defects (ASDs), ventricular septal defects (VSDs), atrioventricular septal defects (AVSDs) and patent arterial duct. Echocardiography is the mainstay in diagnosis and follow-up assessment of patients with congenital heart disease. This article will therefore describe the echocardiographic appearances of each lesion, and point the reader towards specific features to look for echocardiographically...
March 2018: Echo Research and Practice
Arneh Babakhani, Robert N Clapp, William B Warner
A 25-year-old man, who was an active duty US Navy sailor, went to his ship's medical department complaining of a mild cough that he'd had for 2 days. He denied having any fevers, chills, night sweats, angina, or dyspnea. He said he hadn't experienced any exertional fatigue or difficulty completing the rigorous physical tasks of his occupation as an engineman on the ship. The patient had no medical or surgical history of significance, and he wasn't taking any medications or supplements. On exam, he was not in acute distress and his vital signs were within normal limits...
February 2018: Journal of Family Practice
Michael Obladen
Infant baptism originated when St. Augustine proclaimed the doctrine of original sin in 412 CE. Neonates stillborn or deceased before baptism were declared to go down to Hell and were buried outside of sacred ground. From the 15th century, parents carried these infants to "respite sanctuaries" in remote mountain chapels, where miraculous images were believed to revive the infant in order to allow baptism and a Christian burial. Monasteries made fortunes out of the parents' anguish. In 1528, the abuse of the Oberbüren image ignited iconoclasm and heralded the beginning of the Reformation...
January 26, 2018: Neonatology
Kazuyuki Niki, Miho Takemura, Kyosuke Kitagawa, Ruka Shimizu, Yuri Takahashi, Asuka Hatabu, Etsuko Uejima
While the community-based integrated care systems are in the process of being structured currently, more and more community pharmacists want to learn physical assessment skills. However, no large-scale survey focusing on present implementation status and problems of physical assessment by community pharmacists has been conducted yet. Osaka has the 2nd highest number of community pharmacies in Japan now, and the population aged ≥65 years will be expected to become the 3rd highest in 2025. Thus, Osaka can become a national leading model case for community pharmacists' activity in future home medical care...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Supreeya Swarup, Amgad N Makaryus
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is recognized as the leading cause of mortality throughout the world. About one-third of global mortality is attributable to CVD. In addition to clinical presentation, specific clinical exam findings can assist in treating and preventing CVD. CVD may initially manifest as pulmonary pathology, and thus, accurate cardiopulmonary auscultation is paramount to establishing accurate diagnosis. One of the most powerful tools available to physicians is the stethoscope. The stethoscope first emerged in the year 1818, invented by a French physician, René Laennec...
2018: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
H M Fahad, M Usman Ghani Khan, Tanzila Saba, Amjad Rehman, Sajid Iqbal
Auscultation of heart dispenses identification of the cardiac valves. An electronic stethoscope is used for the acquisition of heart murmurs that is further classified into normal or abnormal murmurs. The process of heart sound segmentation involves discrete wavelet transform to obtain individual components of the heart signal and its separation into systole and diastole intervals. This research presents a novel scheme to develop a semi-automatic cardiac valve disorder diagnosis system. Accordingly, features are extracted using wavelet transform and spectral analysis of input signals...
January 23, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Shinichi Minagoe
The three EBMs in the title refer to the following concepts: evidence-based medicine, experience-based medicine, and echo-based medicine. Evidence-based medicine: I have carried out the following clinical research using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography: (1) noninvasive pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiographic detection of the direction of shunt flow in patients with atrial septal defect: usefulness of the right parasternal approach (1985), (2) significance of laminar systolic regurgitant flow in patients with tricuspid regurgitation: a combined pulsed-wave, continuous-wave, and two-dimensional echocardiography (1990), (3) obstruction of the inferior vena caval orifice by the giant left atrium in patients with mitral stenosis: a Doppler echocardiographic study from the right parasternal approach (1992), and (4) demonstration of a localized acceleration flow signal in the transmural penetrating coronary artery using transthoracic color and pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (1996-2017)...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Echocardiography
Byung-Han Ryu, Ji Yeun Kim, Taeeun Kim, Min-Chul Kim, Min Jae Kim, Yong-Phil Chong, Sang-Oh Lee, Sang-Ho Choi, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Sung-Han Kim
OBJECTIVES: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging tick-borne disease in Korea and China. Although there is previous evidence of person-to-person transmission via direct contact with body fluids, the role of environmental contamination by SFTS virus (SFTSV) in healthcare settings has not been established. We therefore investigated the contamination of the healthcare environment by SFTSV. METHODS: We investigated the possible contamination of hospital air and surfaces with SFTSV transmission by collecting air and swabbing environmental surface samples in 2 hospitals treating 6 SFTS patients between March and September 2017...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
M A Bashar, Sonu Goel
Background: A Sub-Centre (SC) is most peripheral and first point of contact between the primary healthcare system and the community in the rural areas. The success of any nationwide program largely depends on well-functioning SCs providing services of acceptable standards to people. Indian Public Health Standards (IPHS) for SCs was prepared keeping in view the minimum standards required to provide quality and need sensitive health care to the community. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ambala District of Haryana to assess the availability of physical infrastructure, manpower, drugs and equipment in the SCs...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Sooyong Park, Seok-Hwa Yoon, Ann Misun Youn, Seung Hyun Song, Ja Gyung Hwang
Background: Intraoperative hypothermia is common in patients undergoing general anesthesia during arthroscopic hip surgery. In the present study, we assessed the effect of heating and humidifying the airway with a heated wire humidification circuit (HHC) to attenuate the decrease of core temperature and prevent hypothermia in patients undergoing arthroscopic hip surgery under general anesthesia. Methods: Fifty-six patients scheduled for arthroscopic hip surgery were randomly assigned to either a control group using a breathing circuit connected with a heat and moisture exchanger (HME) (n = 28) or an HHC group using a heated wire humidification circuit (n = 28)...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Anne E Breen, Amanda J Hessels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Nursing Management
H Sano, K Barker, T Odom, K Lewis, P Giordano, V Walsh, J P Chambers
AIMS: To survey current anaesthesia practices for dogs and cats in small and mixed animal practices in New Zealand in order to improve anaesthesia education. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 440 small and mixed animal practices, including questions regarding the type of practice, preanaesthetic examination, anaesthetic drugs and management, anaesthetic machines, monitoring and topics of interest for continuing professional development. RESULTS: Responses were obtained from 113/440 (26%) practices, with 78 (69%) respondents from small and 35 (31%) from mixed animal practices...
March 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
Giulia Elena Mandoli, Flavio D'Ascenzi, Matteo Cameli, Sergio Mondillo
The worldwide spread of smartphones has radically changed the habits of human life, allowing a 24/7 connection with other people. These changes have involved also Medicine with smartphones being able to simplify the clinical practice of physicians. The development of new external devices that can be connected to smartphones has further increased their use with mobile phones converted in portable electrocardiogram or echocardiogram machines. This extraordinary technological improvement seems to be partly in conflict with the classical tools available for the cardiologist, such as the "old" stethoscope that in 2016 had its 200th anniversary...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
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