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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440813/instability-of-default-mode-network-connectivity-in-major-depression-a-two-sample-confirmation-study
#1
T Wise, L Marwood, A M Perkins, A Herane-Vives, R Joules, D J Lythgoe, W-M Luh, S C R Williams, A H Young, A J Cleare, D Arnone
Major depression is associated with altered static functional connectivity in various brain networks, particularly the default mode network (DMN). Dynamic functional connectivity is a novel tool with little application in affective disorders to date, and holds the potential to unravel fluctuations in connectivity strength over time in major depression. We assessed stability of connectivity in major depression between the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), key nodes in the DMN that are implicated in ruminative cognitions...
April 25, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438141/prevalence-of-toxocara-antibodies-among-patients-clinically-suspected-to-have-ocular-toxocariasis-a-retrospective-descriptive-study-in-sri-lanka
#2
Devika Iddawela, Kiruthiha Ehambaram, Pemindra Bandara
BACKGROUND: Human toxocariasis, caused by Toxocara canis, T. cati, and T. vitulorum of dogs, cats and ruminants respectively, is recognized as an important zoonotic infection worldwide. The typical clinical syndromes of toxocariasis in humans are ocular larva migrans (OLM) and visceral larva migrans (VLM). The most commonly affected sites of OLM are the peripheral retina and/or vitreous humor. In Sri Lanka, there is a dearth of information on prevalence of ocular infection in our population...
April 24, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438114/small-ruminant-lentiviruses-strain-variation-viral-tropism-and-host-genetics-influence-pathogenesis
#3
M A Highland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437171/psychological-benefits-of-yoga-for-female-inmates
#4
Yoika Danielly, Colin Silverthorne
Female inmates involved in the Yoga Prison Project at two correctional facilities in South Carolina served as subjects. Inmates were selected from those who applied to participate in a ten-week trauma-focused yoga program. To create control and experimental groups, inmates who requested to participate were randomly assigned to be in the class (Treatment Group, n = 33) or a waitlist (Control Group, n = 17). Inmates on the waitlist subsequently joined the next class, so all who applied and were eligible participated in a yoga class...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436180/control-mechanisms-for-producing-antimicrobial-factors-in-ruminant-mammary-gland
#5
REVIEW
Naoki Isobe
Mastitis, a symptom of inflammation in mammary tissue by infection with various kinds of bacteria, causes huge economic losses in the milk industry. One of the popular methods for treatment of mastitis is antibiotics, although this prohibits milk shipping and sometimes causes resistant microbes. Therefore, a new strategy to treat mastitis without antibiotics is eagerly required around the world. Antimicrobial factors belong to innate immunity and can start their function extremely early after bacterial stimulation...
April 24, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435817/molecular-and-morphometrical-characterization-of-fasciola-species-isolated-from-domestic-ruminants-in-ardabil-province-northwestern-iran
#6
Mojgan Aryaeipour, Arezoo Bozorgomid, Bahram Kazemi, Masoud Behnia, Hakim Azizi, Mohammad Bagher Rokni
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe morphological and morphometrical characteristics of Fasciola spp. in livestock from Ardabil Province, Northwest Iran. METHODS: Forty adult flukes were collected from different definitive hosts (cattle and sheep). Previously specimens were identified as F. hepatica or F. gigantica based on PCR-RFLP of the ITS-1 region with RsaI enzyme. We identified Fasciola spp. based on morphological and metric assessment of external features of fresh adults, morphological and metric assessment of internal anatomy of stained mounted worms...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434741/dietary-linseed-oil-increases-trans-10-cis-15-18-2-in-caprine-milk-fat
#7
P Gómez-Cortés, A Cívico, M A de la Fuente, M Juárez, N Núñez Sánchez, F Peña Blanco, A L Martínez Marín
Trans-10,cis-15 18:2 has been recently detected and characterized in digestive contents and meat and adipose tissue of ruminants, but its presence in milk and dairy products is hardly known. The aim of this study was to quantify trans-10,cis-15 18:2 in milk fat, better understand its metabolic origin, and help to elucidate the mechanisms of rumen biohydrogenation when the diet composition might affect ruminal environment. To address these objectives, 16 dairy goats were allocated to 2 simultaneous experiments (2 groups of goats and 2 treatments in each experiment)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434739/the-effect-of-conjugated-linoleic-acid-acetate-and-their-interaction-on-adipose-tissue-lipid-metabolism-in-nonlactating-cows
#8
N Urrutia, Y Ying, K J Harvatine
During biohydrogenation-induced milk fat depression, adipose tissue lipogenesis may be increased through nutrients spared from milk fat synthesis. However, the direct effect of trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and the indirect effect of spared nutrients on adipose tissue lipogenesis during milk fat depression is not clear. The objective of this study was to determine the direct effect of CLA, spared acetate, and their interaction on adipose tissue lipogenesis using nonlactating dairy cows as an experimental model, which allows separation of the effect of CLA and nutrient sparing...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434734/cow-level-associations-of-lameness-behavior-and-milk-yield-of-cows-milked-in-automated-systems
#9
M T M King, S J LeBlanc, E A Pajor, T J DeVries
This study evaluated differences in behavior and productivity between lame and nonlame cows in herds with automated milking systems (AMS). We monitored 30 cows per herd on 41 farms with AMS in Canada (26 herds in Ontario and 15 herds in Alberta). During a 6-d period, milking data (n = 1,184) and lying behavior data (n = 1,209) were collected from cows on 41 farms. Rumination behavior (n = 569) and activity (n = 615) data were available for cows at 22 farms. Locomotion was scored using a numerical rating system (NRS; 1 = sound; 5 = extremely lame)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434585/translating-dynamic-defense-patterns-from-rodents-to-people
#10
REVIEW
D Caroline Blanchard
Specific defensive behaviors of rodents are shaped by features of the eliciting threat stimuli and situation. Threat scenarios confirmed these relationships in people, with results substantially replicated in 4 additional scenario studies. Subsequent human studies involve computer games measuring fear as flight from threat stimuli and anxiety as alternation between two threats. Stabilometric studies have shown reduction in sway (freezing) to inescapable (e.g. with gun pointed at subject) threatening photographs; but enhanced lateral sway (flight attempts) to escapable threats; (gun pointed away from subject)...
May 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432854/quality-of-death-rumination-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-bereaved-family-members-of-cancer-patients-in-home-palliative-care
#11
Kayo Hirooka, Hiroki Fukahori, Kanako Taku, Taisuke Togari, Asao Ogawa
OBJECTIVE: The current study was designed to test the hypothesis that quality of death (QOD) and intrusive and deliberate rumination are associated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) among bereaved family members of cancer patients in home palliative care. METHODS: Data were collected from 805 bereaved family members of cancer patients who died at home in Japan. We used a cross-sectional design and participants completed Good Death Inventory, Event-Related Rumination Inventory and PTG Inventory...
April 22, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431319/response-of-plasma-glucagon-like-peptide-2-to-feeding-pattern-and-intraruminal-administration-of-volatile-fatty-acids-in-sheep
#12
M Elsabagh, Y Inabu, T Obitsu, T Sugino
Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2), a gut peptide secreted by enteroendocrine L cells, has recently been identified as a key regulator of intestinal growth and absorptive function in ruminants. However, reports on GLP-2 secretion are few, and more information regarding its secretion dynamics is needed. In this study, two experiments were conducted to elucidate the daily rhythm of GLP-2 secretion in response to feeding regimen and to investigate the effect of volatile fatty acids (VFA) on GLP-2 release in sheep...
March 11, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429992/effect-of-replacing-maize-grain-and-soybean-meal-with-a-xylose-treated-wheat-grain-on-feed-intake-and-performance-of-dairy-cows
#13
Jens Benninghoff, Gregor Hamann, Herbert Steingaß, Franz-Josef Romberg, Karl Landfried, Karl-Heinz Südekum
This study evaluated wheat grain which was treated with xylose in aqueous Ca-Mg lignosulphonate solution at elevated temperatures (WeiPass®) in order to reduce ruminal degradation of starch and crude protein. The two tested isoenergetic and isonitrogenous diets contained on dry matter (DM) basis either 16% maize grain and 6.4% soybean meal (Diet CON) or 17.8% xylose-treated wheat and 4.6% soybean meal (Diet Wheat). Thirty-six German Holstein dairy cows were assigned to one of the two groups according to parity, body weight after calving, and milk yield during the previous lactation...
June 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429079/the-r2r3-myb-tt2b-and-the-bhlh-tt8-genes-are-the-major-regulators-of-proanthocyanidin-biosynthesis-in-the-leaves-of-lotus-species
#14
Francisco José Escaray, Valentina Passeri, Ana Perea-García, Cristian Javier Antonelli, Francesco Damiani, Oscar Adolfo Ruiz, Francesco Paolocci
By exploiting interspecific hybrids and their progeny, we identified key regulatory and transporter genes intimately related to proanthocyanidin biosynthesis in leaves of Lotus spp. Proanthocyanidins (PAs), known as condensed tannins, are polymeric flavonoids enriching forage legumes of key nutritional value to prevent bloating in ruminant animals. Unfortunately, major forage legumes such as alfalfa and clovers lack PAs in edible tissues. Therefore, engineering the PA trait in herbage of forage legumes is paramount to improve both ecological and economical sustainability of cattle production system...
April 20, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428891/dietary-inclusion-effects-of-phytochemicals-as-growth-promoters-in-animal-production
#15
REVIEW
Nidia Vanessa Valenzuela-Grijalva, Araceli Pinelli-Saavedra, Adriana Muhlia-Almazan, David Domínguez-Díaz, Humberto González-Ríos
Growth promoters have been widely used as a strategy to improve productivity, and great benefits have been observed throughout the meat production chain. However, the prohibition of growth promoters in several countries, as well as consumer rejection, has led industry and the academy to search for alternatives. For decades, the inclusion of phytochemicals in animal feed has been proposed as a replacement for traditional growth promoters. However, there are many concerns about the application of phytochemicals and their impact on the various links in the meat production chain (productive performance, carcass and meat quality)...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427961/evidence-for-enzootic-circulation-of-rift-valley-fever-virus-among-livestock-in-cameroon
#16
M Rissmann, M Eiden, A Wade, R Poueme, S Abdoulkadiri, H Unger, U Ziegler, T Homeier, M H Groschup
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is an arthropod-borne pathogen, causing serious epidemics in Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. In Cameroon serological data indicate the presence of RVFV, but active circulation of RVFV, causing clinical infections has not been proven yet. For this purpose we carried out a serological and molecular study on a total of 1,953 randomly selected serum samples of small ruminants and cattle, which were collected in years 2013 and 2014 in Cameroon. In a first step, sera were screened serologically using a variety of assay formats to reveal RVFV specific antibodies...
April 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427254/supplementing-the-culture-of-rhodobacter-sphaeroides-in-the-diet-of-holstein-lactating-cow-may-naturally-produce-coenzyme-q10-enriched-milk
#17
Gui-Seck Bae, Ahreum Choi, Joon Mo Yeo, Jong Nam Kim, Jaeyong Song, Eun Joong Kim, Moon Baek Chang
Objective: To examine the effects of Rhaodobacter sphaeroides supplementation as a direct-fed microbial (DFM) on rumen fermentation in dairy cows and on CoQ10 transition into milk, an in vitro rumen simulation batch culture and an in vivo dairy cow experiments were conducted. Methods: The characteristics of in vitro ruminal fermentation were investigated using rumen fluids from six cannulated Holstein dairy cows at 2 h post-afternoon feeding. A control treatment was included in the experiments based on a typified total mixed ration (TMR) for lactating dairy cows, which was identical to the one used in the in vivo study, plus R...
April 21, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426782/peste-des-petits-ruminants-ppr-a-neglected-tropical-disease-in-maghreb-region-of-north-africa-and-its-threat-to-europe
#18
Ratiba Baazizi, Mana Mahapatra, Brian Donald Clarke, Khatima Ait-Oudhia, Djamel Khelef, Satya Parida
BACKGROUND: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious disease listed by the World Organisation for Animal health (OIE) as being a specific hazard. It affects sheep, goats, and wild ungulates, and is prevalent throughout the developing world particularly Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. PPR has been targeted for eradication by 2030 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the OIE, after the successful eradication of the related disease, rinderpest in cattle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425935/water-access-sanitation-and-hygiene-conditions-and-health-outcomes-among-two-settlement-types-in-rural-far-north-cameroon
#19
Tyler J Gorham, Joshua Yoo, Rebecca Garabed, Arabi Mouhaman, Jiyoung Lee
The Far North region in Cameroon has been more heavily impacted by cholera than any other region over the past decade, but very little has been done to study the drivers of waterborne diseases in the region. We investigated the relationship between water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) parameters, microbial and antibiotic resistance (AR) contamination levels in drinking water, and health outcomes using health survey and molecular analysis during June and July of 2014 in two settlement types (agro-pastoralist villages and transhumant pastoralist camps)...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425834/rift-valley-fever-vaccines-an-overview-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-the-live-attenuated-mp-12-vaccine-candidate
#20
Tetsuro Ikegami
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne zoonotic viral disease endemic to Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. High rates of abortion among infected ruminants and hemorrhagic fever in infected humans are major public health concerns. Commercially available veterinary RVF vaccines are important for preventing the spread of the Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) in endemic countries; however, RVFV outbreaks continue to occur frequently in endemic countries in the 21(st) century. In the U.S., the live-attenuated MP-12 vaccine has been developed for both animal and human vaccination...
April 20, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
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