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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806606/imbalance-between-abstract-and-concrete-repetitive-thinking-modes-in-schizophrenia
#1
Pierre Maurage, Pierre Philippot, Delphine Grynberg, Dominique Leleux, Benoît Delatte, Camille Mangelinckx, Jan-Baptist Belge, Eric Constant
OBJECTIVE: Repetitive thoughts can be divided in two modes: abstract/analytic (decontextualized and dysfunctional) and concrete/experiential (problem-focused and adaptive). They constitute a transdiagnostic process involved in many psychopathological states but have received little attention in schizophrenia, as earlier studies only indexed increased ruminations (related to dysfunctional repetitive thoughts) without jointly exploring both modes. This study explored the two repetitive thinking modes, beyond ruminations, to determine their imbalance in schizophrenia...
July 1, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806582/beck-s-cognitive-theory-and-the-response-style-theory-of-depression-in-adolescents-with-and-without-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disability
#2
Martine M Weeland, Karin S Nijhof, R Otten, Ignace P R Vermaes, Jan K Buitelaar
AIM: This study tests the validity of Beck's cognitive theory and Nolen-Hoeksema's response style theory of depression in adolescents with and without MBID. METHODS: The relationship between negative cognitive errors (Beck), response styles (Nolen-Hoeksema) and depressive symptoms was examined in 135 adolescents using linear regression. RESULTS: The cognitive error 'underestimation of the ability to cope' was more prevalent among adolescents with MBID than among adolescents with average intelligence...
August 11, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805922/use-of-a-complete-starter-feed-in-grain-adaptation-programs-for-feedlot-cattle
#3
C J Schneider, B L Nuttelman, A L Shreck, D B Burken, W A Griffin, J L Gramkow, R A Stock, T J Klopfenstein, G E Erickson
Four experiments evaluated the use of a complete starter feed (RAMP; Cargill Corn Milling, Blair, NE) for grain adaptation. In Exp. 1, 229 yearling steers (397 ± 28.4 kg BW) were used to compare a traditional adaptation program (CON) with adapting cattle with RAMP in either a 1- (RAMP-1RS) or 2- (RAMP-2RS) ration system. From d 23 to slaughter, cattle were fed a common finishing diet. In Exp. 2, 390 yearling steers (341 ± 14 kg BW) were used to compare accelerated grain adaptation programs with RAMP with 2 control treatments where RAMP was blended with a finishing diet containing either 25 (CON25) or 47...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805913/feeding-distillers-grains-soybean-hulls-or-a-mixture-of-both-to-cows-as-a-forage-replacement-effects-on-intake-digestibility-and-ruminal-fermentation-characteristics
#4
W B Smith, K P Coffey, R T Rhein, E B Kegley, D Philipp, J G Powell, J D Caldwell, A N Young
Coproduct feedstuffs offer a unique and potentially profitable avenue for cattle feeding strategies. However, research is lacking in the evaluation of varying coproducts on ruminal fermentation and digestive characteristics when included as the major component of the diet of cows. Our objective was to determine the effect of coproduct feedstuffs as a forage replacement on digestive and fermentative characteristics of cows. Eight ruminally fistulated cows (672 ± 32.0 kg initial BW and approximately 9 yr of age) were stratified by BW and randomly allocated to 1 of 4 diets (2 cows∙diet∙period) in a 2-period study: soybean hulls (SH), distillers' dried grains with solubles (DG), an isoenergetic mixture of soybean hulls and distillers' dried grains with solubles (MX), or ad libitum hay plus 0...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805901/effect-of-stocking-density-on-performance-diet-selection-total-tract-digestion-and-nitrogen-balance-among-heifers-grazing-cool-season-annual-forages
#5
B R Brunsvig, A J Smart, E A Bailey, C L Wright, E E Grings, D W Brake
Grazing annual cool-season forages after oat grain harvest in South Dakota may allow an opportunity to increase efficient use of tillable land. However, data are limited regarding effects of stocking density on diet selection, nutrient digestion, performance, and N retention by cattle grazing annual cool-season forage. Heifers were blocked by initial BW (261 ± 11.7 kg) and randomly assigned to 1 of 12 paddocks (1.1 ha) to graze a mixture of grass and brassica for 48 d. Each paddock contained 3, 4, or 5 heifers to achieve 4 replicates of each stocking density treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805900/effects-of-dietary-tannins-on-total-and-extractable-nutrients-from-manure
#6
J J Halvorson, S L Kronberg, A E Hagerman
The effects of condensed tannins on N dynamics in ruminants have been a topic of research for some time, but much less work has focused on their impacts on other nutrients in manure. A 4 × 4 Latin square trial was used to determine if intake of sericea lespedeza (; SL; a condensed tannin source), at 0, 10, 20, or 40% of the diet (as-fed basis), would affect concentrations of nutrients in manure and patterns of total excretion when offered with alfalfa (; ALF) to sheep. With SL additions, average daily manure production increased linearly ( ≤ 0...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805891/increasing-corn-distillers-solubles-alters-the-liquid-fraction-of-the-ruminal-microbiome
#7
J C McCann, J R Segers, H Derakhshani, T L Felix, E Khafipour, D W Shike
Five ruminally fistulated steers were used in a 5 × 5 Latin square design to determine the effects of increasing dietary fat and sulfur from condensed distiller's solubles (CDS) on the ruminal microbiome. Treatments included a corn-based control (CON) and 4 levels of CDS (0, 10, 19, and 27%) in a coproduct-based (corn gluten feed and soybean hulls) diet. Fat concentrations were 1.79, 4.43, 6.80, and 8.91% for diets containing 0, 10, 19, and 27% CDS, respectively. Steers were fed for ad libitum intake once daily...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805254/does-fathers-and-mothers-rumination-predict-emotional-symptoms-in-their-children
#8
Lamprini Psychogiou, Nicholas J Moberly, Elizabeth Parry, Abigail Emma Russell, Selina Nath, Angeliki Kallitsoglou
OBJECTIVES: Although rumination can have a negative influence on the family environment and the quality of parent-child interactions, there is little research on the role of parental rumination in predicting adverse child outcomes over time. This longitudinal study examined whether mothers' and fathers' brooding rumination would each uniquely predict emotional symptoms in preschool children. METHODS: The initial sample consisted of 160 families (including 50 mothers with past depression, 33 fathers with past depression, and 7 fathers with current depression according to the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-IV)...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805200/-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-neonate-and-toddler-the-rome-iv-criteria
#9
REVIEW
Barbara Iwańczak, Franciszek Iwańczak
Functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract in infants and children are very frequent. To the most common belong: infant colic, regurgitation and functional constipation. In the year 2016 modified IV Rome criteria of functional gastrointestinal disorders were published. In the current work the authors discuss diagnostic criteria and therapy in regurgitation, rumination syndrome in infants, cyclic vomiting syndrome, infant colic, infant dyschezia and functional constipation in children younger than four years...
July 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805043/fatal-peste-des-petits-ruminants-disease-in-chowsingha
#10
S Jaisree, R P Aravindhbabu, P Roy, M G Jayathangaraj
This communication reports fatal Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) disease in Chowsingha (Tetracerus quadricornis), a member of the subfamily Bovinae and family Bovidae captured in a Zoological Park. The animals showed clinical signs of acute respiratory disease with frothy nasal discharge (1-2 days) and mortality of twenty animals (80%) within 48 hr. Necropsy of dead Chowsingha showed haemorrhagic patches in trachea and severe congestion of lungs and ocular mucosa. There was no characteristic lesion in the intestine...
August 14, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804001/production-of-trans-and-conjugated-fatty-acids-in-dairy-ruminants-and-their-putative-effects-on-human-health-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Anne Ferlay, Laurence Bernard, Annabelle Meynadier, Corinne Malpuech-Brugère
Consumption of milk and dairy products is important in Western industrialised countries. Fat content is an important constituent contributing to the nutritional quality of milk and dairy products. In order to improve the health of consumers, there is high interest in improving their fatty acid (FA) composition, which depends principally on rumen and mammary metabolism. This paper reviews the lipid metabolism in ruminants, with a particular focus on the production of trans and conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) and conjugated linolenic acids (CLnA) in the rumen...
August 10, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803021/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-with-heat-treated-canola-meal-on-ruminal-nutrient-metabolism-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#12
S J Krizsan, H Gidlund, F Fatehi, P Huhtanen
An experiment was conducted to quantify the effects of incremental levels of heat-moisture-treated canola meal (TCM) fed to dairy cows on the relationship between ruminal nutrient digestion and milk production. Experimental diets were fed to 4 multiparous rumen-cannulated Nordic Red cows, averaging (mean ± standard deviation) 681 ± 54.8 kg of body weight, 111 ± 16 d in milk, and 29.1 ± 9.1 kg of milk/d at the start of the study, in a Latin square design with four 21-d periods. The 4 experimental dietary treatments consisted of a basal diet of grass silage and crimped barley, and 3 diets in which the crimped barley was replaced with TCM, giving 3 incremental levels of protein supplementation...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803011/new-insights-on-the-metabolism-of-ricinoleic-acid-in-ruminants
#13
Susana P Alves, Cintia M Araujo, Rita C Queiroga, Marta S Madruga, Michelle O M Parente, Ariosvaldo N Medeiros, Rui J B Bessa
Dairy goats were fed a total mixed ration with or without the inclusion of castor oil (40 g/kg of DM) to study the metabolism of ricinoleic acid (12-OH,cis-9-18:1). Ten goats, at 39.7 ± 4.0 d in milk, were individually penned and allocated at random to the 2 experimental diets. Goats were manually milked twice a day. Milk fatty acids (FA) were analyzed as methyl esters and hydroxyl groups were derivatized in trimethylsilyl ethers. Apart from ricinoleic acid, 6 FA were only detected in the milk of the castor oil group...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803010/short-communication-apparent-ruminal-synthesis-of-b-vitamins-in-lactating-dairy-cows-fed-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-fermentation-product
#14
D S Castagnino, Y Ying, M S Allen, R Gervais, P Y Chouinard, C L Girard
Apparent ruminal synthesis and duodenal flow of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folates, and vitamin B12 were evaluated in an experiment using 15 ruminally and duodenally cannulated lactating Holstein cows fed a basal diet, according to a crossover design, supplemented or not with 56 g/d of Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product. Duration of the treatment period was 28 d. The basal ration had 28% neutral detergent fber, 30% starch and 16.5% crude protein; forages were corn silage (67% of forage dry matter) and alfalfa silage (33% of forage dry matter)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800747/bovine-cryptosporidiosis-impact-host-parasite-interaction-and-control-strategies
#15
REVIEW
Sarah Thomson, Carly A Hamilton, Jayne C Hope, Frank Katzer, Neil A Mabbott, Liam J Morrison, Elisabeth A Innes
Gastrointestinal disease caused by the apicomplexan parasite Cryptosporidium parvum is one of the most important diseases of young ruminant livestock, particularly neonatal calves. Infected animals may suffer from profuse watery diarrhoea, dehydration and in severe cases death can occur. At present, effective therapeutic and preventative measures are not available and a better understanding of the host-pathogen interactions is required. Cryptosporidium parvum is also an important zoonotic pathogen causing severe disease in people, with young children being particularly vulnerable...
August 11, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800357/identification-of-differentially-expressed-genes-through-rna-sequencing-in-goats-capra-hircus-at-different-postnatal-stages
#16
Yaqiu Lin, Jiangjiang Zhu, Yong Wang, Qian Li, Sen Lin
Intramuscular fat (IMF) content and fatty acid composition of longissimus dorsi muscle (LM) change with growth, which partially determines the flavor and nutritional value of goat (Capra hircus) meat. However, unlike cattle, little information is available on the transcriptome-wide changes during different postnatal stages in small ruminants, especially goats. In this study, the sequencing reads of goat LM tissues collected from kid, youth, and adult period were mapped to the goat genome. Results showed that out of total 24 689 Unigenes, 20 435 Unigenes were annotated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799892/the-impact-of-socio-cultural-factors-on-transmission-of-taenia-spp-and-echinococcus-granulosus-in-kosovo
#17
M Alishani, K Sherifi, A Rexhepi, A Hamidi, M T Armua-Fernandez, F Grimm, D Hegglin, P Deplazes
Echinococcus granulosus sensu latu (s.l.) and Taenia hydatigena are common parasites of ruminant intermediate hosts in the Balkans. Transmission is linked mainly to home slaughtering and the feeding of infected organs to dogs. In Kosovo, many old sheep are slaughtered particularly during Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice). To determine whether this tradition could affect parasite transmission, we compared the probability of 504 dogs to contract taenid infections after deworming during one period before Eid al-Adha and a similar period beginning with this event...
August 11, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799413/an-initial-open-trial-of-a-brief-behavioral-activation-treatment-for-depression-and-medication-adherence-in-hiv-infected-patients
#18
Matthew T Tull, Christopher R Berghoff, Joseph R Bardeen, Michelle Schoenleber, Deborah J Konkle-Parker
Advances in HIV treatment through highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) have led to a steady decline in HIV-related mortality rates. However, HAART requires adherence to strict and often complicated medication regimens, and nonadherence to HAART can significantly decrease its effectiveness. Depression has consistently shown a robust association with medication nonadherence; consequently, numerous psychological interventions have been developed to target depression and increase medication adherence among HIV-infected individuals...
August 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798954/acute-effect-of-pore-forming-clostridium-perfringens-%C3%AE%C2%B5-toxin-on-compound-action-potentials-of-optic-nerve-of-mouse
#19
Mercè Cases, Artur Llobet, Beatrice Terni, Inmaculada Gómez de Aranda, Marta Blanch, Briain Doohan, Alexander Revill, Angus M Brown, Juan Blasi, Carles Solsona
ε-Toxin is a pore forming toxin produced by Clostridium perfringens types B and D. It is synthesized as a less active prototoxin form that becomes fully active upon proteolytic activation. The toxin produces highly lethal enterotoxaemia in ruminants, has the ability to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and specifically binds to myelinated fibers. We discovered that the toxin induced a release of ATP from isolated mice optic nerves, which are composed of myelinated fibers that are extended from the central nervous system...
July 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797177/predictors-of-post-traumatic-growth-in-stroke-survivors
#20
Grace Kelly, Reg Morris, Hamsaraj Shetty
PURPOSE: The development of post-traumatic growth was studied longitudinally within 14 months poststroke. The predictions of two models of post-traumatic growth were examined. METHOD: Forty-three stroke survivors were investigated at two time points (i.e., time 1 and time 2), six months apart. Each completed the Post-traumatic Growth Inventory, Rumination Scale, Impact of Events Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Social Support, the Barthel Index and the COPE scale...
August 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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