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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817647/caprine-brucellosis-a-historically-neglected-disease-with-significant-impact-on-public-health
#1
REVIEW
Carlos A Rossetti, Angela M Arenas-Gamboa, Estefanía Maurizio
Caprine brucellosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by the gram-negative cocci-bacillus Brucella melitensis. Middle- to late-term abortion, stillbirths, and the delivery of weak offspring are the characteristic clinical signs of the disease that is associated with an extensive negative impact in a flock's productivity. B. melitensis is also the most virulent Brucella species for humans, responsible for a severely debilitating and disabling illness that results in high morbidity with intermittent fever, chills, sweats, weakness, myalgia, abortion, osteoarticular complications, endocarditis, depression, anorexia, and low mortality...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817629/maldi-tof-ms-identification-of-anopheles-gambiae-giles-blood-meal-crushed-on-whatman-filter-papers
#2
Sirama Niare, Lionel Almeras, Fatalmoudou Tandina, Amina Yssouf, Affane Bacar, Ali Toilibou, Ogobara Doumbo, Didier Raoult, Philippe Parola
BACKGROUND: Identification of the source of mosquito blood meals is an important component for disease control and surveillance. Recently, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) profiling has emerged as an effective tool for mosquito blood meal identification, using the abdomens of freshly engorged mosquitoes. In the field, mosquito abdomens are crushed on Whatman filter papers to determine the host feeding patterns by identifying the origin of their blood meals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815405/supplemented-organic-and-inorganic-selenium-affects-milk-performance-and-selenium-concentration-in-milk-and-tissues-in-the-guanzhong-dairy-goat
#3
L Zhang, X R Liu, J Z Liu, X P An, Z Q Zhou, B Y Cao, Y X Song
Trace amounts of selenium (Se) are essential for several organisms, and deficiencies therein have adverse effects on growth, development, and reproduction; this is particularly significant in animals raised for milk and livestock production. To study the effect of Se on Guanzhong dairy goats, their diets were supplemented with different sources (inorganic or organic) and Se concentrations (0.2 or 0.4 mg Se/kg). A non-Se-fortified basal diet served as a negative control, and a sixth treatment group received both inorganic and organic Se sources (0...
August 16, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814402/molecular-insights-into-the-normal-operation-regulation-and-multisystemic-roles-of-k-cl-cotransporter-3-kcc3
#4
Alexandre P Garneau, Andrée-Anne Marcoux, Rachelle Frenette-Cotton, Fabrice Mac-Way, Julie L Lavoie, Paul Isenring
Long before the molecular identity of the Na(+)-dependent K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporters was uncovered in the mid-nineties, a Na(+)-independent K(+)-Cl(-) cotransport system was also known to exist. It was initially observed in sheep and goat red blood cells where it was shown to be ouabain-insensitive and to increase in the presence of N-ethylmaleimide (NEM). After it was established between the early and mid-nineties, the expressed sequence tag (EST) databank was found to include a sequence that was highly homologous to those of the Na(+)-dependent K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporters...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813562/polygenic-scores-for-major-depressive-disorder-and-risk-of-alcohol-dependence
#5
Allan M Andersen, Robert H Pietrzak, Henry R Kranzler, Li Ma, Hang Zhou, Xiaoming Liu, John Kramer, Samuel Kuperman, Howard J Edenberg, John I Nurnberger, John P Rice, Jay A Tischfield, Alison Goate, Tatiana M Foroud, Jacquelyn L Meyers, Bernice Porjesz, Danielle M Dick, Victor Hesselbrock, Eric Boerwinkle, Steven M Southwick, John H Krystal, Myrna M Weissman, Douglas F Levinson, James B Potash, Joel Gelernter, Shizhong Han
Importance: Major depressive disorder (MDD) and alcohol dependence (AD) are heritable disorders with significant public health burdens, and they are frequently comorbid. Common genetic factors that influence the co-occurrence of MDD and AD have been sought in family, twin, and adoption studies, and results to date have been promising but inconclusive. Objective: To examine whether AD and MDD overlap genetically, using a polygenic score approach. Design, Settings, and Participants: Association analyses were conducted between MDD polygenic risk score (PRS) and AD case-control status in European ancestry samples from 4 independent genome-wide association study (GWAS) data sets: the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA); the Study of Addiction, Genetics, and Environment (SAGE); the Yale-Penn genetic study of substance dependence; and the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS)...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813529/natural-and-artificial-feeding-management-before-weaning-promote-different-rumen-microbial-colonization-but-not-differences-in-gene-expression-levels-at-the-rumen-epithelium-of-newborn-goats
#6
Leticia Abecia, Elisabeth Jiménez, Gonzalo Martínez-Fernandez, A Ignacio Martín-García, Eva Ramos-Morales, Eric Pinloche, Stuart E Denman, C Jamie Newbold, David R Yáñez-Ruiz
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of feeding management during the first month of life (natural with the mother, NAT, or artificial with milk replacer, ART) on the rumen microbial colonization and the host innate immune response. Thirty pregnant goats carrying two fetuses were used. At birth one kid was taken immediately away from the doe and fed milk replacer (ART) while the other remained with the mother (NAT). Kids from groups received colostrum during first 2 days of life. Groups of four kids (from ART and NAT experimental groups) were slaughtered at 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813459/%C3%AE-2-microglobulin-gene-duplication-in-cetartiodactyla-remains-intact-only-in-pigs-and-possibly-confers-selective-advantage-to-the-species
#7
Thong Minh Le, Quy Van Chanh Le, Dung Minh Truong, Hye-Jeong Lee, Min-Kyeung Choi, Hyesun Cho, Hak-Jae Chung, Jin-Hoi Kim, Jeong-Tae Do, Hyuk Song, Chankyu Park
Several β2-microglobulin (B2M) -bound protein complexes undertake key roles in various immune system pathways, including the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn), cluster of differentiation 1 (CD1) protein, non-classical major histocompatibility complex (MHC), and well-known MHC class I molecules. Therefore, the duplication of B2M may lead to an increase in the biological competence of organisms to the environment. Based on the pig genome assembly SSC10.2, a segmental duplication of ~45.5 kb, encoding the entire B2M protein, was identified in pig chromosome 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811658/political-pressures-increased-vulnerability-to-climate-hazards-for-nomadic-livestock-in-inner-mongolia-china
#8
Ang Li, Shi Chen, Xueyao Zhang, Jianhui Huang
Herders in Inner Mongolia experienced two completely different political periods during their last nomadic period between 1961 and 1986. However, climate and technical factors were very similar between these two periods according to statistical analyses. We retrieved historical climate and livestock population data and performed a retrospective study using generalized additive models to analyze three major livestock population demographic metrics changes between these two periods. We found that the sociopolitical factors significantly impacted all three major demographic metrics (adult mortality, neonatal mortality and birthrate) between the two periods for both large (cattle, horse, and camel) and small livestock (sheep and goat)...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811496/genome-wide-expression-differences-in-anti-vegf-and-dexamethasone-treatment-of-inflammatory-angiogenesis-in-the-rat-cornea
#9
Pierfrancesco Mirabelli, Anthony Mukwaya, Anton Lennikov, Maria Xeroudaki, Beatrice Peebo, Mira Schaupper, Neil Lagali
Angiogenesis as a pathological process in the eye can lead to blindness. In the cornea, suppression of angiogenesis by anti-VEGF treatment is only partially effective while steroids, although effective in treating inflammation and angiogenesis, have broad activity leading to undesirable side effects. In this study, genome-wide expression was investigated in a suture-induced corneal neovascularization model in rats, to investigate factors differentially targeted by dexamethasone and anti-Vegf. Topical treatment with either rat-specific anti-Vegf, dexamethasone, or normal goat IgG (sham) was given to sutured corneas for 48 hours, after which in vivo imaging, tissue processing for RNA microarray, and immunofluorescence were performed...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811036/corrigendum-to-heritability-and-genome-wide-association-mapping-for-supernumerary-teats-in-french-alpine-and-saanen-dairy-goats-j-dairy-sci-99-8891-8900
#10
Pauline Martin, Isabelle Palhière, Gwenola Tosser-Klopp, Rachel Rupp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809789/comparison-of-the-effects-of-goat-dairy-and-cow-dairy-based-breakfasts-on-satiety-appetite-hormones-and-metabolic-profile
#11
Elehazara Rubio-Martín, Eva García-Escobar, Maria-Soledad Ruiz de Adana, Fuensanta Lima-Rubio, Laura Peláez, Angel-María Caracuel, Francisco-Javier Bermúdez-Silva, Federico Soriguer, Gemma Rojo-Martínez, Gabriel Olveira
The satiating effects of cow dairy have been thoroughly investigated; however, the effects of goat dairy on appetite have not been reported so far. Our study investigates the satiating effect of two breakfasts based on goat or cow dairy and their association with appetite related hormones and metabolic profile. Healthy adults consumed two breakfasts based on goat (G-Breakfast) or cow (C-Breakfast) dairy products. Blood samples were taken and VAS tests were performed at different time points. Blood metabolites were measured and Combined Satiety Index (CSI) and areas under the curves (AUC) were calculated...
August 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807301/a-candidate-recombinant-antigen-for-diagnosis-of-schistosomiasis-japonica-in-domestic-animals
#12
Jintao Feng, Rui Xu, Xin Zhang, Yu Han, Chuanchuan He, Chao Lu, Yang Hong, Ke Lu, Hao Li, Yamei Jin, Jiaojiao Lin, Jinming Liu
Domestic animals infected with Schistosoma japonicum are a major source of infection and play an important role in transmission to humans. A key strategy for the elimination of schistosomiasis is to control the sources of infection. In the present study, we identified a candidate diagnostic antigen-encoding gene, SjMRP1, the putative multidrug resistance protein 1 gene, by screening a cDNA phage display library from 44-day-old S. japonicum worms using IgGs from goat, cattle, and buffalo infected with S. japonicum...
August 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807296/myiasis-of-domestic-and-wild-ruminants-caused-by-hypodermatinae-in-the-mediterranean-and-indian-subcontinent
#13
REVIEW
Anish Yadav, Rosario Panadero, Rajesh Katoch, Rajesh Godara, Eva Cabanelas
Myiasis caused by Hypodermatinae flies is an economically important disease affecting domesticated and wild ruminants in countries of the Mediterranean and Indian subcontinent. The adult flies have a short life span of 1 week, and they spread disease by laying their eggs on the coat of animals. Hypoderma spp. primarily lay their eggs on cattle, buffalo, roe deer, red deer and reindeer, while Przhevalskiana spp. lay eggs on the coat of goats. The larvae live as tissue parasites, inducing myiasis in the host, and have a major impact on the productivity and welfare of infested animals...
August 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807275/recombinant-miro-domain-containing-protein-of-haemonchus-contortus-rmiro-1-activates-goat-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-in-vitro
#14
YuLing Wen, YuJian Wang, WenJuan Wang, MingMin Lu, Muhammad Ehsan, XiaoWei Tian, RuoFeng Yan, XiaoKai Song, LiXin Xu, XiangRui Li
In our previous proteomics study, we identified Miro domain-containing protein (Miro-1), an excretory and secretory product of the pole worm, Haemonchus contortus, binds to goat peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in vivo. However, our understanding of the role of Miro-1and its potential immune impact on goat PBMCs is limited. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of Miro-1 on functions of goat PBMCs in vitro. Recombinant protein (rMiro-1) was expressed in a prokaryote and incubated with goat PBMCs...
August 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805273/neurotoxicosis-in-horses-associated-with-consumption-of-trema-micrantha
#15
M P Lorenzett, P R Pereira, D M Bassuino, G Konradt, W Panziera, M V Bianchi, F F Argenta, M E Hammerschmitt, R A Caprioli, C S L de Barros, S P Pavarini, D Driemeier
BACKGROUND: Trema micrantha is a tree widely distributed throughout the Americas. The tree produces highly palatable leaves that have been associated with natural poisoning in goats, sheep and horses, in which hepatic necrosis and hepatic encephalopathy have been observed. OBJECTIVES: This study describes malacia and haemorrhage in the central nervous system due to T. micrantha consumption, with minimal to absent hepatic lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
August 14, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804971/abortion-in-goats-by-caprine-alphaherpesvirus-1-in-spain
#16
J Gonzalez, G Passantino, A Esnal, N Cuesta, J A García Vera, L Mechelli, A Saez, J F García Marín, M Tempesta
An abortion outbreak occurred in a goat herd of Murciano-Granadina breed in Almeria Region in Spain where 80 pregnant females aborted. All bacteriological and parasitological examinations resulted negative, whereas virological investigations and real-time PCR assay showed the presence of Caprine alphaherpesvirus 1 DNA in the pathological specimens from aborted foetuses. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that the DNA was highly close related to the Swiss strain E-CH (99.7%) and a little less extent to the Italian BA...
August 13, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803213/effect-of-salting-and-ripening-on-the-physicochemical-and-sensory-quality-of-goat-and-sheep-cured-legs
#17
Alfredo Teixeira, Aline Fernandes, Etelvina Pereira, Aristides Manuel, Sandra Rodrigues
Physicochemical and sensory characteristics of sheep and goat cured legs were evaluated. The pH values (5.7-5.8) and aw (0.87 and 0.83) found to be adequate to control meat deterioration, promoting safety and stability to shelf life of products with respect to microbial growth. The high protein (46.2 and 38.4%) and low fat (5.3 and 8.7%) percentages of the goat and sheep cured legs were the main evidence of the effect of salting and ripening processes. A low cholesterol content of 4.5% is particularly evident in sheep cured legs...
August 4, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803011/new-insights-on-the-metabolism-of-ricinoleic-acid-in-ruminants
#18
Susana P Alves, Cintia M Araujo, Rita C Queiroga, Marta S Madruga, Michelle O M Parente, Ariosvaldo N Medeiros, Rui J B Bessa
Dairy goats were fed a total mixed ration with or without the inclusion of castor oil (40 g/kg of DM) to study the metabolism of ricinoleic acid (12-OH,cis-9-18:1). Ten goats, at 39.7 ± 4.0 d in milk, were individually penned and allocated at random to the 2 experimental diets. Goats were manually milked twice a day. Milk fatty acids (FA) were analyzed as methyl esters and hydroxyl groups were derivatized in trimethylsilyl ethers. Apart from ricinoleic acid, 6 FA were only detected in the milk of the castor oil group...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802131/food-contamination-by-pcbs-and-waste-disposal-crisis-evidence-from-goat-milk-in-campania-italy
#19
M C Ferrante, G Fusco, A Monnolo, F Saggiomo, J Guccione, R Mercogliano, M T Clausi
AIM: The study aims at investigating whether, and if so, to what extent the strong presence of urban and industrial waste in a territory may cause PCB contamination in goat milk produced therein. METHODS: We compared PCB concentrations in goat milk from three different locations in the Campania region (Italy). One of the three locations, together with its surrounding area, has long suffered from illegal waste disposal and burning mainly by the so-called Ecomafia...
July 28, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801990/degradation-of-euptox-a-by-tannase-producing-rumen-bacteria-from-migratory-goats
#20
D Sharma, G Mal, A Kannan, R Bhar, R Sharma, B Singh
AIMS: The gut microbiota capable of degrading plant biomass and anti-nutritional phytometabolites are of immense importance. This study reports isolation and characterization of tannase-producing rumen bacteria that could also degrade euptox A (9-oxo-10,11-dehydroageraphorone) present in Eupatorium adenophorum (Spreng). METHODS AND RESULTS: Migratory Gaddi goats were selected as source of inoculums for isolating rumen bacteria with ability to produce tannase which catalyzes degradation of hydrolysable tannins (HTs)...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
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