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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921118/can-different-occlusal-positions-instantaneously-impact-spine-and-body-posture-a-pilot-study-using-rasterstereography-for-a-three-dimensional-evaluation
#1
Karoline März, Werner Adler, Ragai-Edward Matta, Linda Wolf, Manfred Wichmann, Bastian Bergauer
PURPOSE: Orthodontists influence dental occlusion directly. To suggest any link between dental occlusion and body posture is highly contentious, as evidenced by the literature. Rasterstereography, an optical technique that enables three-dimensional (3D) body measurements to be collected, has not yet been used to impartially examine whether different occlusal positions could instantaneously alter spine and body posture. We therefore set out to use this technique to nonsubjectively evaluate this question under static conditions...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917785/dipyrone-ameliorates-behavioural-changes-induced-by-unpredictable-chronic-mild-stress-gender-differences
#2
Olcay E Kiroğlu, Kübra E Demirkol, Fatih Berktaş, Arash A Yegani, Ayşegül Kirpik, Erkan Maytalman, Mahmut Ünverdi, Fazilet Aksu
PURPOSE: Antidepressant effects of analgesics have been investigate in both clinical and experimental studies. The purpose of this study was to investigate if the analgesic-antipyretic drug, dipyrone, also had antidepressant-like effects. METHODS: Depression-like effects were investigated in an unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) model in both male and female mice. Cage changes, light-dark cycle reversal, cage tilting, wet floor, empty cage, foreign material on the floor and predator sounds were used to induce light stress at different times for six weeks...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914309/unique-approach-to-sensorimotor-training-with-a-new-device-combining-air-cushion-with-stochastic-translations-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Christian Mittermaier, Maximilian Schindler, Benjamin Loader, Thomas Waldhoer, Clemens Ambrozy, Richard Crevenna, Karin Pieber
Sensorimotor training with a wide variety of available devices represents an important component in rehabilitation and prevention of different sports injuries and chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a sensorimotor training with a newly developed device, which consists of an instable platform moving on an air cushion, providing dynamic balance training by tilting and unanticipated stochastic translations on postural control. Seventy-two healthy young subjects were included in this prospective, randomized, controlled, and observer-blinded study...
November 25, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913326/delay-and-standard-deviation-beamforming-to-enhance-specular-reflections-in-ultrasound-imaging
#4
Raja Sekhar Bandaru, Anders Rasmus Sornes, Jeroen Hermans, Eigil Samset, Jan D'hooge
Although interventional devices, such as needles, guide wires, and catheters, are best visualized by X-ray, real-time volumetric echography could offer an attractive alternative as it avoids ionizing radiation; it provides good soft tissue contrast, and it is mobile and relatively cheap. Unfortunately, as echography is traditionally used to image soft tissue and blood flow, the appearance of interventional devices in conventional ultrasound images remains relatively poor, which is a major obstacle toward ultrasound-guided interventions...
December 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909534/efficacy-and-safety-of-implantable-loop-recorder-experience-of-a-center
#5
Inês Silveira, Maria João Sousa, Nuno Antunes, Vânia Silva, Carla Roque, António Pinheiro-Vieira, Vítor Lagarto, António Hipólito-Reis, André Luz, Severo Torres
Introduction: Symptoms like syncope or palpitations frequently present a diagnostic challenge. An implantable loop recorder (ILR) is an important aid in the management of these patients. Methods: A retrospective study of patients that underwent ILR implantation from November 2007 to 2014. For each patient the indication for implantation, baseline characteristics, previous study, complications, recorded tracing and interventions were evaluated. Results: A total of 62 patients were included, 50% men, with a mean age of 62...
August 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909502/combined-diagnostic-yield-of-tilt-table-test-and-implantable-loop-recorder-to-identify-patients-affected-by-severe-clinical-presentation-of-neurally-mediated-reflex-syncope-who-could-respond-to-cardiac-pacing
#6
Tomaino M, Unterhuber M, Sgobino P, Pescoller F, Manfrin M, Rauhe W
In this study we wanted to verify the diagnostic value of tilt table test (TTT) to predict the efficacy of cardiac pacing (PM) for preventing recurrences of neurally mediated reflex syncope (NMS) in patients with cardioinhibitory activity (CI) documented by implantable loop recorder (ILR). Among patients selected by ILR in the context of severe clinical presentation of NMS, we analysed those who underwent PM implantation. In this observational and retrospective study we wanted to verify the results of TTT in the groups of treated patients with and without recurrences...
April 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909402/upright-perception-and-ocular-torsion-change-independently-during-head-tilt
#7
Jorge Otero-Millan, Amir Kheradmand
We maintain a stable perception of the visual world despite continuous movements of our eyes, head and body. Perception of upright is a key aspect of such orientation constancy. Here we investigated whether changes in upright perception during sustained head tilt were related to simultaneous changes in torsional position of the eyes. We used a subjective visual vertical (SVV) task, modified to track changes in upright perception over time, and a custom video method to measure ocular torsion simultaneously. We tested 12 subjects in upright position, during prolonged (~15 min) lateral head tilts of 20 degrees, and also after the head returned to upright position...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906744/reliability-of-sagittal-spinopelvic-alignment-measurements-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#8
Katri Pernaa, Matti Seppänen, Keijo Mäkelä, Mikhail Saltychev
STUDY DESIGN: This is a observational study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability of measuring sagittal spinopelvic alignment after hip arthroplasty. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pelvic incidence (PI), sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), and lumbar lordosis (LL) are widely used in planning the treatment of people with spinal and hip disorders. Previously, these measures have proved reliable when hip heads are intact. Thus far, it is not known whether they are also reliable after total hip replacement...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906229/aperture-coded-confocal-profilometry
#9
Jaka Pribošek, Janez Diaci, Stefan Sinzinger
This Letter introduces a novel principle to the confocal profilometry for simultaneous measurement of surface position and tilt. The principle relies on an angle-dependent coding of the illumination of the surface-under-test, achieved by dividing the pupil into several subapertures. The reflected light is decoded to perform an angle-resolved analysis by measuring the intensity contributions of each individual subaperture. By comparing their contributions, additional information of surface tilt can be inferred...
December 1, 2016: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904790/current-concepts-in-the-treatment-of-gross-patellofemoral-instability
#10
Grant Buchanan, LeeAnne Torres, Brian Czarkowski, Charles E Giangarra
: Patellofemoral instability is a painful and commonly recurring condition, which often must be managed surgically. Diagnosis can be aided by the use of a variety of physical exam signs, such as the Q angle, Beighton hypermobility score, glide test, J sign, patellar tilt test, and apprehension test. Imaging modalities including x-ray, CT, and MRI guide both diagnosis and management by revealing trochlear dysplasia, bony malalignment, and ligamentous injury that contribute to instability...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904215/morphometry-of-distal-end-radius-in-the-indian-population-a-radiological-study
#11
Pankaj Kumar Mishra, Manoj Nagar, Suresh Chandra Gaur, Anuj Gupta
INTRODUCTION: The morphometry of distal end radius (DER) comprises the four necessary parameters: radial inclination, palmer tilt, radial height, and ulnar variance. The unblemished intellect about the morphometry is urged for the management of fracture of DER. The goal of our study was to determine the values of morphometric parameters of the DER from the adult Indian. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a single hospital- based observational cross-sectional, prospective study...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903817/effects-of-orthostatic-hypotension-on-cognition-in-parkinson-disease
#12
Justin Centi, Roy Freeman, Christopher H Gibbons, Sandy Neargarder, Alexander O Canova, Alice Cronin-Golomb
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between orthostatic hypotension (OH) and posture-mediated cognitive impairment in Parkinson disease (PD) using a cross-sectional and within-group design. METHODS: Individuals without dementia with idiopathic PD included 18 with OH (PDOH) and 19 without OH; 18 control participants were also included. Neuropsychological tests were conducted in supine and upright-tilted positions. Blood pressure was assessed in each posture. RESULTS: The PD groups performed similarly while supine, demonstrating executive dysfunction in sustained attention and response inhibition, and reduced semantic fluency and verbal memory (encoding and retention)...
November 30, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903636/spatiotopic-maps-during-dynamic-head-tilt
#13
Kyriaki Mikellidou, Marco Turi, David Charles Burr
Humans maintain a stable representation of the visual world effortlessly, despite constant movements of the eyes, head and body, across multiple planes. Whereas visual stability in the face of saccadic eye-movements has been intensely researched, fewer studies have investigated retinal image transformations induced by head movements, especially in the frontal plane. Unlike head rotations in the horizontal and sagittal planes, tilting the head in the frontal plane is only partially counteracted by torsional eye-movements, and consequently induces a distortion of the retinal image to which we seem to be completely oblivious...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900920/-sudden-loss-of-consciousness-during-labour
#14
L T van Genugten, L P Morssink, E L van der Kooi
This case describes a 36-year-old woman, gravida 4 para 2 at 41 weeks and 3 days gestation, who appeared unconscious during labour for 75 minutes. After excluding physical disorders, it transpired that she was having a conversion disorder. A patient with a decreased level of consciousness in childbirth must be assessed using the ABCDE method, positioned in left lateral tilt to prevent inferior vena cava compression. After stabilization of the vital functions and establishing the patient's history, physical examination and laboratory tests are components of the initial clinical assessment...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900271/prosthetic-design-of-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-contributes-to-scapular-notching-and-instability
#15
Gazi Huri, Filippo Familiari, Nima Salari, Steve A Petersen, Mahmut Nedim Doral, Edward G McFarland
AIM: To evaluate whether implant design, glenoid positioning, and other factors influenced instability and scapular notching in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of patients who had undergone reverse total shoulder arthroplasty by the senior author from July 2004 through October 2011 and who had at least 24 mo of follow-up. The 58 patients who met the criteria had 65 arthroplasties: 18 with a Grammont-type prosthesis (Grammont group) and 47 with a lateral-based prosthesis (lateral-design group)...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895693/p-wave-dispersion-on-12-lead-electrocardiography-in-adolescents-with-neurocardiogenic-syncope
#16
Dong-Hyuk Lee, Kyung-Min Lee, Jung-Min Yoon, Jae-Woo Lim, Kyung-Ok Kho, Hong-Ryang Kil, Eun-Jung Cheon
PURPOSE: Neurocardiogenic syncope (NCS) is the most frequent cause of fainting during adolescence. Inappropriate cardiovascular autonomic control may be responsible for this clinical event. The head-up tilt test has been considered a diagnostic standard, but it is cumbersome and has a high false-positive rate. We performed a study to evaluate whether P-wave dispersion (PWD) could be a useful electrocardiographic parameter of cardiac autonomic dysfunction in children with NCS. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with NCS (28 boys and 26 girls; mean age, 12...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893477/an-evaluation-of-agonist-antagonist-strength-ratios-and-posture-among-powerlifters
#17
Paul T Cutrufello, Stephen J Gadomski, Nicholas A Ratamess
Powerlifters routinely focus on three exercises: bench press, squat, and deadlift. This focus may predispose them to the development of muscle imbalances in either the upper or lower extremity which might also influence posture. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine the agonist:antagonist strength ratios and their relationship to postural measures among powerlifters. An expost facto study design compared fifteen male powerlifters (35.3±13.7 years old) and fifteen age-matched controls (34...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865628/the-genesis-and-presentation-of-anxiety-in-disorders-of-autonomic-overexcitation
#18
Andrew P Owens, David A Low, Valeria Iodice, Hugo D Critchley, Christopher J Mathias
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the genesis and presentation of previously-reported anxiety in disorders of autonomic overexcitation in relation to interoception, body vigilance and trauma to test our hypothesis that patients with the postural tachycardia syndrome (PoTS), vasovagal syncope (VVS) and essential hyperhidrosis (EH) represent atypical anxiety phenotypes in whom affective symptoms are more related to apprehension and vigilance of physiological (interoceptive) feedback than neurotic or trauma-related factors...
October 19, 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865478/the-limits-of-stability-and-muscle-activity-in-middle-aged-adults-during-static-and-dynamic-stance
#19
P X Ku, N A Abu Osman, W A B Wan Abas
Balance control plays an important role in maintaining daily activity. However, studies on postural control among middle-aged adults are scarce. This study aims (i) to examine directional control (DCL) and electromyography activity (EMG) for different stability levels, and (ii) to determine left-right asymmetry for DCL and muscle activity among sedentary middle-aged adults. Twenty healthy, middle-aged adults (10 males, 10 females; age=50.0±7.5yrs; body height: 1.61±0.10m; body mass: 70.0±14.5kg) participated in the study...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857292/3d-imaging-a-scanning-light-pattern-projector
#20
Mathias Bøgh Stokholm, Steen Grüner Hanson, Rasmus Kjær, Thomas Allin, Michael Linde Jakobsen
The technology of electrically adjustable optical interfaces has found applications in, e.g., camera lenses, where an adjustable focal length provides automatic focusing for the camera. In this paper, we will investigate a liquid lens, where both the focal length and the tilt of this lens can be adjusted electrically. Specifically, the tilting ability of this lens will be tested by combining the liquid lens with a projector in order to scan lines across a three-dimensional (3D) object. The linearity, reproducibility, hysteresis, and time response of its tilting functionality will be tested...
November 10, 2016: Applied Optics
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