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Migraine aura

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101987/delivery-outcomes-of-patients-with-acute-migraine-in-pregnancy-a-retrospective-study
#1
Tracy B Grossman, Shravya Govindappagari, Ashlesha K Dayal, Matthew S Robbins
OBJECTIVE: To describe labor and delivery outcomes in pregnant patients presenting to the hospital setting with an acute severe migraine headache attack earlier in the same gestation. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed pregnancy and delivery records from a database of consecutive inpatient neurology consultations for acute headache in pregnant women over a 5 year period. RESULTS: We identified 86 pregnant women with acute migraine. The mean age was 29...
January 18, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079315/migraine-susceptibility-genes-in-han-chinese-of-fujian-province
#2
Qi Fang Lin, Zi Chun Chen, Xian Guo Fu, Jing Yang, Luo Yuan Cao, Long Teng Yao, Yong Tong Xin, Gen Bin Huang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs4379368, rs10504861, rs10915437, rs12134493 and rs13208321) were recently identified in a Western population with migraine. These migraine-associated SNPs have not been evaluated in a Han Chinese population. This study investigated the associations of specific SNPs with migraine in a Han population. METHODS: This was a case-control study of Han Chinese residing in Fujian Province. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction-fragment-length polymorphism analysis and direct sequencing were used to characterize the relationships of SNPs in a control group of 200 subjects and in a migraine group of 201 patients...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073753/migraine-and-risk-of-perioperative-ischemic-stroke-and-hospital-readmission-hospital-based-registry-study
#3
Fanny P Timm, Timothy T Houle, Stephanie D Grabitz, Anne-Louise Lihn, Janne B Stokholm, Katharina Eikermann-Haerter, Ala Nozari, Tobias Kurth, Matthias Eikermann
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate whether patients with migraine are at increased risk of perioperative ischemic stroke and whether this may lead to an increased hospital readmission rate. DESIGN:  Prospective hospital registry study. SETTING:  Massachusetts General Hospital and two satellite campuses between January 2007 and August 2014. PARTICIPANTS:  124 558 surgical patients (mean age 52.6 years; 54.5% women). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:  The primary outcome was perioperative ischemic stroke occurring within 30 days after surgery in patients with and without migraine and migraine aura...
January 10, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067735/migraine-with-aura-or-sports-related-concussion-case-report-pathophysiology-and-multidisciplinary-approach-to-management
#4
Michael J Ellis, Dean Cordingley, Richard Girardin, Lesley Ritchie, Janine Johnston
The evaluation and management of athletes presenting with clinical features of migraine headache with aura in the setting of sports-related head trauma is challenging. We present a case report of a 15-yr-old boy with a history of migraine with visual aura that developed acute visual disturbance and headache after a head injury during an ice hockey game. The patient underwent comprehensive assessment at a multidisciplinary concussion program, including neuro-ophthalmological examination, neurocognitive testing, and graded aerobic treadmill testing...
January 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063107/the-relationship-between-right-to-left-shunt-and-brain-white-matter-lesions-in-japanese-patients-with-migraine-a-single-center-study
#5
Akio Iwasaki, Keisuke Suzuki, Hidehiro Takekawa, Ryotaro Takashima, Ayano Suzuki, Shiho Suzuki, Koichi Hirata
BACKGROUND: There may be a link between right-to-left shunt (RLs) and brain white matter lesions (WMLs) in patients with migraine. In this study, we assessed the relationship between WMLs and RLs in Japanese migraine patients. METHODS: A total of 107 consecutive patients with migraine with (MA) and without aura (MWOA) were included in this study. Contrast transcranial Doppler ultrasound was used to detect RLs. WMLs were graded using brain magnetic resonance imaging based on well-established criteria...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063106/excitability-of-the-motor-cortex-in-patients-with-migraine-changes-with-the-time-elapsed-from-the-last-attack
#6
Francesca Cortese, Gianluca Coppola, Davide Di Lenola, Mariano Serrao, Cherubino Di Lorenzo, Vincenzo Parisi, Francesco Pierelli
BACKGROUND: Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) produced by single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex can be an objective measure of cortical excitability. Previously, MEP thresholds were found to be normal, increased, or even reduced in patients with migraine. In the present study, we determined whether the level of cortical excitability changes with the time interval from the last migraine attack, thereby accounting for the inconsistencies in previous reports...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058730/multilocus-analysis-reveals-three-candidate-genes-for-chinese-migraine-susceptibility
#7
Xing-Kai An, Jie Fang, Zhen-Zhen Yu, Qing Lin, Cong-Xia Lu, Hong-Li Qu, Qi-Lin Ma
Several genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in Caucasian populations have identified 12 loci that are significantly associated with migraine. More evidence suggests that serotonin receptors are also involved in migraine pathophysiology. In the present study, a case-control study was conducted in a cohort of 581 migraine cases and 533 ethnically matched controls among a Chinese population. Eighteen polymorphisms from serotonin receptors and GWASs were selected, and genotyping was performed using a Sequenom MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry iPLEX platform...
January 6, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056534/episodic-status-migrainosus-a-novel-migraine-subtype
#8
Tarun D Singh, F Michael Cutrer, Jonathan H Smith
Objective To report a case series of a novel migraine subtype, which we term as episodic status migrainosus (ESM), characterized by attacks of migraine exclusively lasting more than 72 hours. We hypothesized that this would represent a novel nosologic entity, possibly an unstable migraine phenotype with a high conversion rate to chronic migraine (CM). Methods We conducted a retrospective review of patients diagnosed with status migrainosus at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, between January 2005 and December 2015...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050419/prevalence-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs-migraine-and-co-existing-ibs-migraine-in-medical-students
#9
Irin Perveen, Rukhsana Parvin, Madhusudan Saha, Md Shafiqul Bari, Md Nazmul Huda, Mridul Kanti Ghosh
INTRODUCTION: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and migraine frequently co-exist. Stress is a major contributing factor for both. Our medical students are subjected to stress related to the implicit responsibility of courses. But the prevalence of IBS, migraine and co-existing migraine in medical students is not known. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of migraine, IBS and co-existing IBS and migraine among medical students. A Cross-Sectional Survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Self-reported questionnaire based study, was conducted in which migraine was defined according to International Headache Society (IHS) criteria while IBS by both Asian criteria and Rome III criteria...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049513/neural-hyperactivity-in-the-amygdala-induced-by-chronic-treatment-of-rats-with-analgesics-may-elucidate-the-mechanisms-underlying-psychiatric-comorbidities-associated-with-medication-overuse-headache
#10
Aree Wanasuntronwong, Ukkrit Jansri, Anan Srikiatkhachorn
BACKGROUND: Patients with medication-overuse headache suffer not only from chronic headache, but often from psychiatric comorbidities, such as anxiety and depression. The mechanisms underlying these comorbidities are unclear, but the amygdala is likely to be involved in their pathogenesis. To investigate the mechanisms underlying the comorbidities we used elevated plus maze and open field tests to assess anxiety-like behavior in rats chronically treated with analgesics. We measured the electrical properties of neurons in the amygdala, and examined the cortical spreading depression (CSD)-evoked expression of Fos in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC) and amygdala of rats chronically treated with analgesics...
January 3, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045726/postoperative-hemiplegic-migraine-after-a-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-case-report
#11
Joseph Happel, Albin S Quiko, Huy Phun, Martin Collier, Amy Mortensen
We report the case of a 35-year-old woman who developed severe right-sided hemiplegia and hemisensory loss shortly after emergence from general anesthesia for a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Her medical history was significant for migraine with aura and a family history of transient hemiparesis thought to be a result of a transient ischemic attack. The patient's deficits slowly resolved, and she was ultimately diagnosed with familial hemiplegic migraine after a negative workup for cerebrovascular accidents.
December 30, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044053/plasma-levels-of-cyclooxygenase-2-cox-2-and-visfatin-during-different-stages-and-different-subtypes-of-migraine-headaches
#12
Chao Li, Qiushi Zhu, Qiu He, Junwei Wang, Fengzhi Wang, Hemin Zhang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine the plasma levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and visfatin in different stages and different subtypes of migraine headaches compared to a control group to elucidate the pathological mechanisms involved. MATERIAL AND METHODS We recruited a case-control cohort of 182 adult migraine patients and 80 age-matched and gender-matched healthy controls. The migraine patients were divided into two groups: the headache-attack-period group (Group A, n=77) and the headache-free-period group (Group B, n=105)...
January 3, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034652/use-of-combined-hormonal-contraceptives-among-women-with-migraines-and-risk-of-ischemic-stroke
#13
Steven W Champaloux, Naomi K Tepper, Michael Monsour, Kathryn M Curtis, Maura K Whiteman, Polly A Marchbanks, Denise J Jamieson
BACKGROUND: Migraine with aura and combined hormonal contraceptives are independently associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. However, little is known about whether there are any joint effects of migraine and hormonal contraceptives on risk of stroke. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of stroke in women of reproductive age and examine the association between combined hormonal contraceptive use, migraine type (with or without aura), and ischemic stroke...
December 26, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028808/structural-gray-matter-alterations-in-chronic-migraine-implications-for-a-progressive-disease
#14
Lars Neeb, Kaili Bastian, Kersten Villringer, Heike Israel, Uwe Reuter, Jochen B Fiebach
OBJECTIVE: To identify possible gray matter alterations in patients with chronic migraine using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). BACKGROUND: VBM studies demonstrate structural alterations of gray matter (GM) in episodic migraine (EM) patients. Some of these alterations correlate with disease duration and headache frequency. We assessed GM alterations in chronic migraine (CM) and EM to evaluate the concept of migraine as a progressive disorder of the brain. METHODS: Individually age and sex-matched subjects with CM or EM (both without aura) and healthy controls (n = 21 per group) underwent magnetic resonance imaging-based VBM...
December 28, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028801/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-basic-principles-and-clinical-applications-in-migraine
#15
Anthony T Barker, Kevin Shields
PURPOSE: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a neurophysiological technique with a long established pedigree of safety, tolerability, and efficacy. Initially TMS was used to study the function of the cerebral cortex, but it has now become a treatment for migraine, one of the most common and debilitating neurological conditions. In this review we discuss the scientific background and development of the technique. We explore its application for the treatment of migraine and ponder the possible mechanisms of action in this most common neurological condition...
December 28, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028626/migraine-causes-retinal-and-choroidal-structural-changes-evaluation-with-ocular-coherence-tomography
#16
Ester Reggio, Clara G Chisari, Giulia Ferrigno, Francesco Patti, Giulia Donzuso, Giorgia Sciacca, Teresio Avitabile, Salvatore Faro, Mario Zappia
Few studies have evaluated whether the retina is involved in migraine through the evaluation of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) examined with ocular coherence tomography (OCT) with conflicting results. Aim of this case-control study is to evaluate the retina and the choroid in migraine. Patients having migraine with aura (MwA) or without aura (MoA) and chronic migraine (CM) were evaluated. Age- and sex-matched normal subjects were selected as healthy controls (HC). Patients and HC were examined with OCT. RNFL, ganglion cell layer (GCL), foveal thickness (FT), choroidal thickness (CT) and total macular volume (TMV) were calculated for right eyes (RE) and left eyes (LE)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000906/-clinical-characteristics-of-vestibular-migraine-considerations-in-a-series-of-41-patients
#17
E Martinez, M Ruiz-Pinero, M de Lera, J Baron, M I Pedraza, A L Guerrero-Peral
INTRODUCTION: After years of debate about its being approached from headaches and its denomination, vestibular migraine has recently been included in the research appendix of the 3rd edition of the International Headache Classification. AIM: To analyse the characteristics of a series of patients with vestibular migraine who visited because of headaches. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our sample consisted of patients who were attended in a headache unit between January 2014 and December 2015...
January 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999514/hemorrhagic-stroke-resulting-from-venous-malformation-at-20-weeks-of-pregnancy
#18
Nicole D Ulrich, Elizabeth R Lapeyre, Robert C Moore
BACKGROUND: Stroke in the pregnant patient is not a common occurrence. Despite its relative rarity, stroke during pregnancy is associated with high morbidity and mortality for both mother and infant. We report the case of a patient who experienced a hemorrhagic stroke during pregnancy because of venous cavernoma. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old patient, gravida 5 para 1-0-3-1, presented to labor and delivery triage at 21 weeks, 0 days' gestation with the concern of sudden-onset right-sided facial, arm, and leg numbness and weakness...
2016: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998893/management-of-children-and-young-people-with-headache
#19
William P Whitehouse, Shakti Agrawal
Headache is very common in children and young people. The correct advice and treatment requires consideration of a wide differential diagnosis between primary and secondary headaches, and also of the different types of primary headache. The International Classification of Headache Disorders gives useful descriptions and diagnostic criteria that are especially useful for primary headaches. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Clinical Guideline 150 provides evidence-based recommendations on treatments for adults and young people from age 12 years...
December 20, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993427/reconsideration-of-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-childhood-migraine-a-practical-review-of-clinical-experiences
#20
Yoshiaki Saito, Gaku Yamanaka, Hideki Shimomura, Kazuhiro Shiraishi, Tomoyuki Nakazawa, Fumihide Kato, Yuko Shimizu-Motohashi, Masayuki Sasaki, Yoshihiro Maegaki
OBJECTIVE: To provide insight into the wide spectrum of migraine during childhood to establish practical and comprehensive treatment strategies. BACKGROUND: Although recent studies have confirmed the effect of anti-migraine agents in childhood headaches fulfilling the criteria of migraine without aura, there have been no studies regarding the efficacy of these drugs in childhood migraine without aura not filling the diagnostic criteria. METHODS: In total, 154 patients with a clinical diagnosis of migraine, with onset of repetitive headaches at the age of ⩽15years, were retrospectively included from clinics in seven tertiary medical centers...
December 16, 2016: Brain & Development
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