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Toby Hunt, Marie T Williams, Timothy S Olds, Dorothea Dumuid
Descriptions of time use patterns in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are scarce and the relationship between use-of-time and COPD severity remains unclear. This study aimed to describe a typical day for people with COPD and to explore the differences in time-use patterns across the Body Mass-Index, Airflow Obstruction, Dyspnoea and Exercise Capacity (BODE) index using compositional analyses. Using a cross-sectional design, 141 adults with clinically stable COPD had their demographics, objective measures of function (pulmonary, exercise capacity and physical activity), and self-reported COPD-related impairment recorded...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Frantisek Nehaj, Juraj Sokol, Michal Mokan, Veronika Jankovicova, Frantisek Kovar, Marianna Kubaskova, Stanislav Mizera, Marian Mokan
The patient database at the First Department of Internal Medicine in Martin, the Central Slovak Institute for Cardiac and Vascular Diseases in Banska Bystrica, and the National Slovak Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases in Bratislava was searched to identify patients with benign tumors of the heart seen during the 5-year period between 2011 and 2016. Forty-one patients with primary cardiac myxomas were identified and their medical records were reviewed for details pertaining to presenting symptoms, staging modalities, treatment approaches, and outcomes...
2018: BioMed Research International
Dirk Skowasch, Johanna Klein, Rami Homsi, Carmen Pizarro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Sheryl Magzamen, Assaf P Oron, Emily R Locke, Vincent S Fan
BACKGROUND: Studies have linked ambient air pollution to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) healthcare encounters. However, the association between air quality and rescue medication use is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the role of air pollution exposure for increased short-acting beta-2-agonist (SABA) use in patients with COPD through use of remote monitoring technology. METHODS: Participants received a portable electronic inhaler sensor to record the date, time and location for SABA use over a 3-month period...
March 13, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Christopher Mallow, Jeffrey Thiboutot, Roy Semaan, Margaret M Hayes, Russell Hales, Ashwin Ram, David Feller-Kopman, Hans Lee, Lonny Yarmus
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Malignant airway obstruction (MAO), a common complication of patients with advanced lung cancer, causes debilitating dyspnoea and poor quality of life. Two common interventions used in the treatment of MAO include bronchoscopy with airway stenting and external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). Data are limited regarding their clinical effectiveness and overall effect on survival. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients treated with airway stenting and/or EBRT at the Johns Hopkins Hospital for MAO between July 2010 and January 2017 was reviewed...
March 12, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Krunoslav Michael Sveric, Stefan Ulbrich, Mohamed Rady, Christian Pflücke, Silvio Quick, Stefanie Katzke, Karim Ibrahim, Ruth H Strasser, Stefanie Jellinghaus
Objectives: Non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterised by a highly variable disease progression. Stress echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) are beneficial in risk assessment, but are labour intensive. Repetitive squatting and standing without weights is a simple exercise (EX). The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic role of left ventricular (LV) contractile recruitment (CR) after a simple EX of repetitive squatting through three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography...
2018: Open Heart
Janelle Yorke, Christi Deaton, Malcolm Campbell, Linda McGowen, Paul Sephton, David G Kiely, Iain Armstrong
Introduction: The aim of this cohort study was to examine health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and symptomatology in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) and explore factors that influence its evolution over time. Methods: A prospective longitudinal multisite cohort study. Participants were recruited from specialist UK PH centres and completed a questionnaire pack at baseline, 6, 12 and 18 months to assess HRQoL (emPHasis-10), dyspnoea, fatigue, sleep, anxiety and depression...
2018: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
Graziano Onder, Davide L Vetrano, Alessandra Marengoni, J Simon Bell, Kristina Johnell, Katie Palmer
Chronic diseases are considered to be major determinants of frailty and it could be hypothesized that their treatment may counteract the development of frailty. However, the hypothesis that intensive treatment of chronic diseases might reduce the progression of frailty is poorly supported by existing studies. In contrast, some evidence suggests that intensive treatment of chronic diseases may increase negative health outcomes in frail older adults. In particular, if treatment of symptoms related to chronic diseases (i...
March 8, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Clément Medrinal, Guillaume Prieur, Yann Combret, Aurora Robledo Quesada, David Debeaumont, Tristan Bonnevie, Francis Edouard Gravier, Elise Dupuis Lozeron, Jean Quieffin, Olivier Contal, Bouchra Lamia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of quadriceps Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES)-Cycling on exertional VO2 compared with Placebo FES-cycling in patients with COPD. DESIGN: A randomised, single-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial SETTING: Pulmonary Rehabilitation Department PARTICIPANTS: 23 consecutive patients with COPD GOLD stage 2, 3 or 4 (mean FEV1 : 1.4±0.4 L (50.3% pred)) who had recently begun a respiratory rehabilitation program. INTERVENTION: Two consecutive 30-minute sessions were carried out at a constant load with active and placebo FES-Cycling...
March 7, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Petru Emil Muntean
Can you diagnose this case of a 50-year-old male with a 10-week history of high fever, mucopurulent cough, dyspnoea, right-sided chest pain, weight loss and night sweats
March 2018: Breathe
Fumi Kobayashi, Takeshi Saraya, Kosuke Ohkuma, Masachika Fujiwara, Hajime Takizawa
A 64-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of persistent dyspnoea for the past 1 month. He had recurrent brain anaplastic meningioma after two operations and irradiation. He suffered from right pleural effusion in the previous few months and was diagnosed with malignant mesothelioma via pleural biopsy 1 month prior to coming to our hospital. At his first visit to our hospital, thoracic computed tomography demonstrated rapidly developed large inhomogeneously enhancing pleural thickening up to 3 cm, which surrounded the right hemithorax, together with left-sided pleural effusion...
May 2018: Respirology Case Reports
Madeline Gaynor, Jamie Wood
In cystic fibrosis (CF), acute exacerbations can decrease the effectiveness of patients' usual airway clearance techniques (ACT). In order to maintain effective airway clearance and preserve lung function, these ACT must be adapted to prevent further dyspnoea and fatigue and improve ease of expectoration. Mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E) is widely used in neuromuscular disorders to facilitate airway clearance and augment cough but has rarely been used in CF despite potential indications. The NIPPY Clearway, an airway clearance device with multiple modes including MI-E, can be set to deliver multiple insufflations prior to a single exsufflation...
May 2018: Respirology Case Reports
Faith Jelagat Lelei-Mailu, Charles Muriuki Mariara
This case report is of a 32-year-old woman of African descent on follow-up for pregnancy in the background of portal hypertension due to liver cirrhosis. She had initially been treated for chronic hepatitis B infection with lamivudine and tenofovir, complicated by portal hypertension and variceal bleeding that thrice required banding. Her pregnancy was uneventful until 31 weeks gestation when she presented with dyspnoea. On examination and investigation, she had oedema, bilateral pleural effusions and ascites...
March 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Dario Buccheri, Paola Rosa Chirco, Salvatore Geraci, Giuseppe Caramanno, Bernardo Cortese
Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a relatively rare anatomic abnormality of the coronary arteries that afflicts 0.002% of the general population and represents 14% of all the anomalies of coronary arteries. Its clinical relevance focusses mainly on the mechanism of "coronary steal phenomenon", causing myocardial functional ischaemia even in the absence of stenosis, hence common symptoms are angina or effort dyspnoea. The suggested diagnostic approach is guided by the patient's symptoms and consists of a number of instrumental examinations like ECG, treadmill test, echocardiography, computed tomography scan, cardiac magnetic resonance and coronary angiography...
February 9, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Feride Taskin Yilmaz, Hatice Tel Aydin
AIM: The objective was to determine the effect of a regular walking program on physical activity (the number of steps and walking duration), dyspnoea severity, and quality of life in normal weight, overweight, and obese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHOD: An experimental study; 50 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease admitted to the respiratory clinic of a public hospital in Turkey between November 2014 and July 2015 were included...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Michaela Herzog, Josef Sucec, Ilse Van Diest, Omer Van den Bergh, Cecile Chenivesse, Paul Davenport, Thomas Similowski, Andreas von Leupoldt
Dyspnoea is usually caused by diagnosable cardiorespiratory mechanisms. However, frequently dyspnoea relates only weakly or not at all to cardiorespiratory functioning, suggesting that additional neuropsychosocial processes contribute to its experience. We tested whether the mere observation of dyspnoea in others constitutes such a process and would elicit dyspnoea, negative affect, and increased brain responses in the observer.In three studies, series of pictures and videos were presented, which either depicted persons suffering from dyspnoea or non-dyspnoeic control stimuli...
March 1, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Clarissa Susanto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Yannan J Wang, Elsio Negron-Rubio, Jayanth H Keshavamurthy, William B Bates
A 25-year-old man with a history of Marfan syndrome, asthma and smoking presented with worsening dyspnoea and right-sided chest pain worsened with deep breathing after a fall 2 days prior. Diagnostic imaging revealed a spontaneous right-sided pneumothorax due to ruptured subpleural bullae in the apex of the right lung. Smaller subpleural bullae were also noted in the apex of the left lung. A chest tube was placed to reduce the right pneumothorax successfully.
February 27, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Oliver Djurhuus Tupper, Peter Kjeldgaard, Anders Løkke, Charlotte Suppli Ulrik
Even in subjects at high risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the diagnosis is often missed due to lack of awareness of symptoms and risk factors. The objective of this study was to identify predictors of a diagnosis of COPD in symptomatic current and ex-smokers seen in a primary care setting. General practitioners ( n = 241) consecutively recruited subjects ≥ 35 years, with tobacco exposure, at least one respiratory symptom (i.e. cough, sputum, wheeze, dyspnoea and/or recurrent lower respiratory tract infections), and no previous diagnosis of obstructive airways disease...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Respiratory Disease
Heidrun Lingner, Heike Buhr-Schinner, Stefan Hummel, Jochen van der Meyden, Anika Grosshennig, Daniel Nowik, Konrad Schultz
BACKGROUND: Real-world data on the effects of a multicomponent pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) for patients with sarcoidosis are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics of patients with sarcoidosis referred for a 3-week inpatient PR, to assess the effects of PR on their quality of life (QoL) and clinical outcomes, and to investigate whether there are specific subgroups who particularly benefit from PR. METHODS: Using a prospective multicentre study design, data regarding 6-min walking distance (6MWD), QoL (Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire, SGRQ), and the secondary outcomes of dyspnoea and psychological burden (fatigue, anxiety, and depression) were collected...
February 27, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
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