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Steve Barrett, Shaun McLaren, Iain Spears, Patrick Ward, Matthew Weston
(1) Background: Differential RPE (dRPE) separates scores for breathlessness (RPE-B), leg muscle exertion (RPE-L) and technical/cognitive exertion (RPE-T). Limited information for dRPE is available in soccer match play, yet these measurements may help inform practitioners training and recovery strategies. This preliminary study investigated the effects of playing position and contextual factors on elite soccer players' dRPE. (2) Methods: Thirty-two male English Premier League players recorded dRPE scores 15⁻30 min post-match for RPE-B, RPE-L, and RPE-T...
February 12, 2018: Sports (Basel)
Karoline Stentoft Rybjerg Larsen, Annemette Krintel Petersen, Marianne Lisby, Marie Veje Knudsen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To explore patients' experiences of acute dyspnea, physical functioning, and perspectives on course of illness prior to admission to the emergency department. BACKGROUND: Many emergency admissions are considered unnecessary and avoidable. In this perspective, it seems relevant to gain insight into the patients' perspective on acute dyspnea and the need for emergency admission. However, only few studies have investigated reasons for emergency admission from a patient perspective...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Olivia K Faull, Pete J Cox, Kyle T S Pattinson
Athletes regularly endure large increases in ventilation and accompanying perceptions of breathlessness. Whilst breathing perceptions often correlate poorly with objective measures of lung function in both health and clinical populations, we have previously demonstrated closer matching between subjective breathlessness and changes in ventilation in endurance athletes, suggesting that athletes may be more accurate during respiratory interoception. To better understand the link between exercise and breathlessness, we sought to identify the mechanisms by which the brain processing of respiratory perception might be optimised in athletes...
June 8, 2018: NeuroImage
Ashraf Omar, Pradnya D Patil, Sami Hoshi, Jasmine Huang, Earle Collum, Tanmay S Panchabhai
A 68-year-old man presented to our ED with shortness of breath, weakness, and a 25-lb unintentional weight loss. He had undergone bilateral lung transplantation (cytomegalovirus [CMV]: donor+, recipient+; Epstein-Barr virus: donor+; recipient+) for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) 18 months prior. His posttransplant course was fairly unremarkable until 1 month earlier, when he was admitted for breathlessness and weakness. CT of the chest during that admission revealed mild intralobular and interlobular septal thickening...
June 2018: Chest
Andreas Ronit, Thomas Kristensen, Vilde S Hoseth, Dalia Abou-Kassem, Tobias Kühl, Thomas Benfield, Jan Gerstoft, Shoaib Afzal, Børge G Nordestgaard, Jens D Lundgren, Jørgen Vestbo, Klaus F Kofoed, Susanne Dam Nielsen
People living with HIV (PLWH) may be more susceptible to the development of emphysema than uninfected individuals. We assessed prevalence and risk factors for emphysema in PLWH and uninfected controls. Spirometry and chest computed tomography scans were obtained in PLWH from the Copenhagen comorbidity in HIV infection (COCOMO) Study and in uninfected controls from the Copenhagen General Population Study (CGPS) who were aged above 40 years. Emphysema was quantified using low attenuation area below -950 Hounsfield units (%LAA-950), the 15th percentile density index (PD15) and assessed by semi-quantitative visual scales...
June 7, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Seigo Miyoshi, Tomoaki Nagao, Masayoshi Kukida, Ken-Ichi Miyoshi, Chika Namba, Sohei Kitazawa, Yukihiro Nakamura, Naohiko Hamaguchi, Jitsuo Higaki
A 64-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for purpuric rash, joint pain, and a fever. He had earlier undergone a follow-up examination for interstitial lung disease. At the current visit, the diagnosis was immunoglobulin A (IgA) vasculitis, based on skin and renal biopsy findings. He developed sudden breathlessness and hemoptysis. Chest computed tomography revealed ground glass opacity in the right lower lung fields, suggesting pulmonary hemorrhaging associated with IgA vasculitis. Despite steroid and cyclophosphamide therapy, and plasma exchange, he died 52 days after admission...
June 6, 2018: Internal Medicine
Reddy Ravikanth, Sunil Mathew, Denver Steven Pinto
Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a sinus tract between the bronchus and the pleural space that may result from a necrotizing pneumonia/empyema (anaerobic, pyogenic, tuberculous, or fungal), lung neoplasms, and blunt and penetrating lung injuries or may occur as a complication of procedures such as lung biopsy, chest tube drainage, thoracocentesis, or radiation therapy. The diagnosis and management of BPF remain a major therapeutic challenge for clinicians, and the lesion is associated with significant morbidity and mortality...
April 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
Stefan Kopf, Jan B Groener, Zoltan Kender, Thomas Fleming, Maik Brune, Christin Riedinger, Nadine Volk, Esther Herpel, Dominik Pesta, Julia Szendrödi, Mark O Wielpütz, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Hugo A Katus, Michael Kreuter, Peter P Nawroth
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a significant comorbidity of interstitial lung disease (ILD). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of restrictive lung disease (RLD) and ILD in patients with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Forty-eight nondiabetics, 68 patients with prediabetes, 29 newly diagnosed T2D, and 110 patients with long-term T2D were examined for metabolic control, diabetes-related complications, breathlessness, and lung function...
June 6, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Caroline Phillips, Clare Harris, Nathaniel Broughton, Thomas Pulimood, Liam Ring
We present the case of a 68-year-old gentleman who presented with breathlessness and was found to have NSTEMI, pulmonary oedema, and hypoxia. He remained hypoxic despite appropriate treatment and was found to have preserved LV function and raised cardiac output. CT pulmonary angiogram was negative but a cirrhotic liver was incidentally noted and later confirmed via ultrasound. Bedside examination was positive for orthodeoxia, suggesting a diagnosis of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS). The finding of significant intrapulmonary shunting on "bubble" echocardiography confirmed the diagnosis...
2018: Case Reports in Critical Care
Hamza Zafar, Lisa Anderson, Andrew T Cox, Rachel Bastiaenen
A 59-year-old woman presented with a sudden onset of breathlessness and chest pain. An echocardiography and CT scan showed pulmonary embolism and infarction with a paradoxical thrombus visualised in both atria. For haemodynamically stable patients, the optimal management strategy is poorly defined. Three main strategies were considered: surgical thrombectomy, thrombolysis and anticoagulation. Surgery with reversal of anticoagulation may lead to further coagulation and increased risk of bleeding complications...
May 30, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Andeep Ramesh Kukkar, Harsha Panchal, Asha Anand
Primary neuroendocrine tumors of the thymus are unusual anterior mediastinal tumors with a variable prognosis. A retrospective analysis of five patients with primary neuroendocrine tumors of the thymus admitted to the Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Ahmedabad, between 2012 and 2016, was done to study the clinical profile and outcome of these patients. The role of various prognostic factors such as surgical resection, histological grade, and Masaoka-Koga staging was also analyzed. Majority of the patients present with signs and symptoms related to a rapidly expanding mediastinal mass, such as breathlessness, facial puffiness, edema over the neck and extremities, chest pain, and other features of superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
Daniel M Neville, Hitasha Rupani, Paul R Kalra, Kayode Adeniji, Matthew Quint, Ruth De Vos, Selina Begum, Mark Mottershaw, Carole Fogg, Thomas L Jones, Eleanor Lanning, Paul Bassett, Anoop J Chauhan
BACKGROUND: In an increasingly comorbid population, there are significant challenges to diagnosing the cause of breathlessness, and once diagnosed, considerable difficulty in detecting deterioration early enough to provide effective intervention. The burden of the breathless patient on the health care economy is substantial, with asthma, chronic heart failure, and pneumonia affecting over 6 million people in the United Kingdom alone. Furthermore, these patients often have more than one contributory factor to their breathlessness symptoms, with conditions such as dysfunctional breathing pattern disorders-an under-recognized component...
May 24, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Nathan Hilton, Arturo Solis-Moya
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is the most common autosomal recessive disease in white populations, and causes respiratory dysfunction in the majority of individuals. Numerous types of respiratory muscle training to improve respiratory function and health-related quality of life in people with cystic fibrosis have been reported in the literature. Hence a systematic review of the literature is needed to establish the effectiveness of respiratory muscle training (either inspiratory or expiratory muscle training) on clinical outcomes in cystic fibrosis...
May 24, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sabrina Carvajalino, Carla Reigada, Miriam J Johnson, Mendwas Dzingina, Sabrina Bajwah
BACKGROUND: Those affected by advanced fibrotic interstitial lung diseases have limited treatment options and in the terminal stages, the focus of care is on symptom management. However, quantitatively, little is known about symptom prevalence. We aimed to determine the prevalence of symptoms in Progressive Idiopathic Fibrotic Interstitial Lung Disease (PIF-ILD). METHODS: Searches on eight electronic databases including MEDLINE for clinical studies between 1966 and 2015 where the target population was adults with PIF-ILD and for whom the prevalence of symptoms had been calculated...
May 22, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Amanda R Mathew, Susan E Yount, Ravi Kalhan, Brian Hitsman
Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a tobacco-related disease associated with several comorbid conditions, including elevated rates of depression and anxiety. Psychological factors that commonly underlie nicotine dependence, depression, and anxiety may represent novel treatment targets, but have not yet been examined among COPD patients. We assessed three psychological factors - anxiety sensitivity (AS; fear of anxiety-related sensations), distress intolerance (DI; inability to withstand distressing states), and anhedonia (Anh; diminished sense of pleasure or interest) - in relation to smoking status, COPD symptom impact, and negative response to COPD symptoms...
May 17, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Emily Stowe, Richard Wagland
PURPOSE: Breathlessness is a distressing symptom, particularly common in those with advanced lung cancer. Previous research has identified the symptom occurrence of episodic breathlessness, identifying average frequency, duration and severity of episodes, but has not explored the distress specifically associated with these episodes. This study explored the distress associated with episodic breathlessness for adults with advanced cancer and the relative impact of three elements; frequency, duration or severity...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Qiongying Wang, Heng Yu, Cheng Jiang, Runmin Sun, Miaomiao Qi, Shougang Sun, Guangli Xu, Hongbin Cai, Zhenchang Zhang, Feng Zhao, Xiaoqing Kou, Jing Yu, Feng Bai
RATIONALE: The typical symptoms of stress cardiomyopathy include sudden-onset chest pain and breathlessness or collapse as well as classical symptoms of cardiovascular disease; however, rare reports have described nervous system symptoms as the initial manifestation. Here, we report the case of a young man who presented with a large cerebral infarction as the main clinical symptom of stress cardiomyopathy to increase recognition of the disease. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 28-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for sudden-onset weakness of the right limbs and unconsciousness for 1 day...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Seema Alaee, Quentin Jones
We report a rare case of drug-induced intestinal lung disease (ILD) secondary to adalimumab, a tumour necrosis factor alpha-receptor blocker. A 52-year-old smoker with ankylosing spondylitis, treated with adalimumab, presented with progressive breathlessness. A high resolution CT chest demonstrated predominantly upper-zone patchy ground glass changes and small bilateral pleural effusions. Bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage showed no evidence of infection or malignant cells and an echocardiogram was normal...
May 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Otis L Owens, Jenay M Beer, Ligia I Reyes, David G Gallerani, Amanda R Myhren-Bennett, Karen K McDonnell
BACKGROUND: Up to 70% of lung cancer survivors are affected by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a common, debilitating, comorbid disease. Lung cancer and COPD are both characterized by symptoms such as breathlessness, fatigue, and psychological distress. These distressing chronic symptoms are exacerbated by stress and detract from an individual's quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate evidence-based, commercially available apps for promoting mindfulness-based strategies among adults with a COPD or lung cancer history (ie, chronic lung disease)...
May 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Mary Y Y Qian, John Politis, Michelle Thompson, Darren Wong, Brian Le, Louis Irving, Natasha Smallwood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Many patients with advanced COPD experience refractory breathlessness and individualized breathlessness interventions may improve management of this complex symptom. The aims of this study were to develop, implement and assess the efficacy of a breathlessness intervention for patients with COPD and refractory breathlessness and to evaluate patient acceptability. METHODS: An individualized breathlessness plan, information leaflets, breathlessness education and a hand-held fan were offered to consecutive patients with severe COPD and refractory breathlessness attending a tertiary integrated respiratory and palliative care service...
May 15, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
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