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Carcinoma of gallbladder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450669/association-of-tert-clptm1l-and-8q24-common-genetic-variants-with-gallbladder-cancer-susceptibility-and-prognosis-in-north-indian-population
#1
Saurabh Yadav, Abhijit Chandra, Ashok Kumar, Balraj Mittal
Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is one of the common malignancy of the biliary tract. Several genome wide and candidate gene studies have reported associations between multiple cancer types and single-nucleotide polymorphisms on 5p15.33 and 8q24.21 loci. However, predisposition potential of these genetic variants has not been assessed in GBC. We performed the present study to assess the potential of five polymorphisms on 5p15.33 and one on 8q24.21 locus in GBC risk and treatment response in patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy...
February 15, 2018: Biochemical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435905/neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-gallbladder-a-step-beyond-palliative-therapy-experience-of-25-cases
#2
Amol Vijay Kanetkar, Shraddha Patkar, Krunal Harischandra Khobragade, Vikas Ostwal, Anant Ramaswamy, Mahesh Goel
PURPOSE: Published literature on gall bladder neuroendocrine tumors (GB NETs) is limited with none reporting the role of multimodal therapy. METHODS: Patients with histologically confirmed GB NETs treated at Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, from January 2010 to June 2017 were analyzed. Staging was done by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) of abdomen and chest or a positron emission topography (PET) scan. Tumor marker (CA19-9) was measured. WHO-2017 guideline was used to classify GB NETs...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434721/downregulation-of-nima-related-kinase-7-inhibits-cell-proliferation-by-inducing-cell-cycle-arrest-in-human-retinoblastoma-cells
#3
Jian Zhang, Li Wang, Yongkang Zhang
NIMA-related kinase-7 (Nek7) is a centrosomal kinase involved in various types of cancer, including gallbladder cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the biological function and the potential underlying mechanism of Nek7 in retinoblastoma remain largely unknown. Therefore, the present study investigated the effects of Nek7 in retinoblastoma cells. The expression of Nek7 was initially determined and observed to be commonly upregulated in retinoblastoma cell lines (Y79, SO-RB50 and WERI-RB1) as compared with that in normal retinal pigment epithelium cells...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416916/genotyping-and-mrna-profiling-reveal-actionable-molecular-targets-in-biliary-tract-cancers
#4
Kyriaki Papadopoulou, Samuel Murray, Kyriaki Manousou, Ioannis Tikas, Christos Dervenis, Joseph Sgouros, Dimitra Rontogianni, Sotirios Lakis, Mattheos Bobos, Christos Poulios, Stavroula Pervana, Georgios Lazaridis, George Fountzilas, Vassiliki Kotoula
Biliary tract cancer (BTC) represents a heterogeneous disease with dismal outcome. Herein, we examined genotype and angiogenesis features in BTC. We applied genotyping (Sanger, qPCR, 101-gene panel NGS), mRNA relative quantification methods, and β-catenin immunohistochemistry in 84 FFPE BTC (55 gallbladder [GBC], 14 intrahepatic [ICC], 15 extrahepatic [ECC] carcinomas). We identified 541 mutations in 68 (81%) tumors. Top mutated genes were CTNNB1 (36%); PTEN (33%); TP53 (31%); PIK3R1 (29%); PIK3CA (13%); BRCA2 and KRAS (12%); BRCA1 (11%)...
2018: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416013/mir-143-3p-targeting-of-itga6-suppresses-tumour-growth-and-angiogenesis-by-downregulating-plgf-expression-via-the-pi3k-akt-pathway-in-gallbladder-carcinoma
#5
Yun-Peng Jin, Yun-Ping Hu, Xiang-Song Wu, Yao-Shi Wu, Yuan-Yuan Ye, Huai-Feng Li, Yong-Chen Liu, Lin Jiang, Fa-Tao Liu, Yi-Jian Zhang, Ya-Juan Hao, Xi-Yong Liu, Ying-Bin Liu
Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most common malignant tumour of the biliary track system. Angiogenesis plays a pivotal role in the development and progression of malignant tumours. miR-143-3p acts as a tumour suppressor in various cancers. Their role in GBC is however less well defined. Here we show that the expression levels of miR-143-3p were decreased in human GBC tissues compared with the non-tumour adjacent tissue (NAT) counterparts and were closely associated with overall survival. We discovered that miR-143-3p was a novel inhibitor of tumour growth and angiogenesis in vivo and in vitro...
February 7, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413947/styk1-promotes-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-malignant-transformation-by-activating-pi3k-akt-pathway-in-gallbladder-carcinoma
#6
Yun-Ping Hu, Zeng-Bin Wu, Lin Jiang, Yun-Peng Jin, Huai-Feng Li, Yi-Jian Zhang, Qiang Ma, Yuan-Yuan Ye, Zheng Wang, Yong-Chen Liu, Hong-Zhuan Chen, Ying-Bin Liu
Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is the most common malignancy of the biliary tract with extremely poor prognosis. The malignant transformation of GBC is associated with cell proliferation, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying GBC progression are poorly understood. We found that serine threonine tyrosine kinase 1 (STYK1) was elevated in GBC and was negatively correlated with clinical outcomes and prognosis. Overexpression of STYK1 in GBC cell lines gave rise to increased cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion, thus committing cells to undergoing EMT...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394858/-case-of-adenocarcinoma-with-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-component-in-the-gallbladder
#7
Yu Takeda, Kozo Noguchi, Yoshito Tomimaru, Hirotsugu Nagase, Atsushi Hamabe, Masashi Hirota, Tsukasa Tanida, Kazuteru Oshima, Shunji Morita, Hiroshi Imamura, Takashi Iwazawa, Kenzo Akagi, Hiroka Ando, Shiro Adachi, Keizo Dono
A 73-year-old man visited our hospital complaining of abdominal pain. An abdominal CT scan revealed diffuse wall thickening of the gallbladder with a gallstone. Urgent laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed with the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis. Histopathological examination indicated adenocarcinoma with a small neuroendocrine carcinoma component invading the subserous layer. Additional gallbladder bed resection and lymphadenectomy were performed. The final pathological diagnosis was adenocarcinoma with NEC, pT2N0M0, pStage II ...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394619/-long-term-survival-after-resection-for-repeated-abdominal-wall-recurrence-of-gallbladder-cancer
#8
Ayano Kakazu, Takuo Watanabe, Keisuke Komori, Yo Mikayama, Yasuyuki Jin, Kimiatsu Hasuo, Munetaka Masuda
We report the case of a 79-year-old woman with repeated abdominal wall recurrence of gallbladder cancer. The original diagnosis was gallbladder carcinoma. She underwent open liver bed dissection and lymph node dissection. Postoperative pathological examination indicated T2N1M0, Stage III disease. She received 6 courses of postoperative chemotherapy with gemcitabine. Two years and 2 months after the surgery, we detected a 13 mm mass under the abdominal wall scar on CT, and we resected this tumor. Pathological findings indicated adenocarcinoma, which was found to be metastasis of the gallbladder cancer...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394574/-a-case-of-gallbladder-carcinoma-producing-alpha-fetoprotein-afp-with-metastatic-liver-tumor
#9
Hidenori Takahashi, Yasuko Suzuki, Kyoko Higuchi, Satoshi Yoshinouchi, Naoki Enomoto, Tsuyoshi Yoshida, Ryo Ohno, Mariko Mutoh, Katsuiku Hirokawa
Gallbladder carcinoma producing alpha-fetoprotein(AFP)is rare.We report a case of AFP producing carcinoma of the gallbladder with huge metastatic hepatic tumor.A 81-year-old female with a hepatitis B virus(HBV)had a fever and right hypochondralgia.Abdominal CT showed an enlarged gallbladder with gallbladder stones, a huge tumor in the right lobe of liver, and swelling paraaortic lymph nodes.Acute cholecystitis was treated by percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD).The hepatic tumor was diagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma for HBV carrier and the high level of AFP and PIVKA- II ...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381978/cholecystectomy-with-gallbladder-bed-cautery-might-be-sufficient-for-t1bn0m0-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-gallbladders-cases-report-and-literature-review
#10
Wei Liu, Weijie Chen, Xiaodong He, Qiang Qu, Tao Hong, Binglu Li
INTRODUCTION: Neuroendocrine carcinoma was a rare kind tumor in gallbladders. So far, there is no consensus of treatment of the gallbladder neuroendocrine carcinoma. CASE PRESENTATION: Three patients, 1 male and 2 females, were admitted in our hospital because of right upper quadrant pain. No one complained fever, jaundice, weight loss, or carcinoid syndrome-related symptoms such as diarrhea, flushing, edema, and wheezing. The MRI detected the broad base of gallbladder tumors...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365414/-clinical-significance-of-syndecan-1-and-syndecan-2-expression-in-gallbladder-squamous-cell-adenosquamous-carcinoma-and-adenocarcinoma
#11
X G Tan, Z L Yang, X Y Miao, Z R Liu, D Q Li, Q Zou, J H Li, L F Liang
Objective: To investigate the expression of syndecan-1 and syndecan-2 and their clinicopathological significance in patients with gallbladder squamous cell (SC)/adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) and adenocarcinoma (AC). Methods: A total of 126 patients with SC/ASC (n=46) and AC (n=80) were included in this study. The expression levels of syndecan-1 and syndecan-2 were detected by Envison™ immunohistochemistry assay. The clinical and prognostic significance of syndecan-1 and syndecan-2 were analyzed. Results: In the 46 SC/ASC samples, syndecan-1 and syndecan-2 were positively expressed in 29 (63...
January 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362315/-a-case-of-port-site-recurrence-of-gallbladder-carcinoma-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#12
Takeshi Hijikawa, Hidesuke Yanagida, Masanori Yamada, Kazuhiko Yoshioka, Mayumi Inaba, Hiroaki Kitade
The patient was a 76-year-old man who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy with a diagnosis of cholecystolithiasis. Since the definite diagnosis of gallbladder carcinoma was made after the operation, he underwent additional resection. Four years later, he revisited the hospital complaining of painful swelling of the port site of his epigastrium. Magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen revealed a mass 3.4 cm in diameter at the epigastrium. Thus, port site recurrence of gallbladder carcinoma was the suspected diagnosis...
January 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358875/infiltrative-xanthogranulomatous-cholecystitis-mimicking-aggressive-gallbladder-carcinoma-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-dilemma
#13
Lucas Souto Nacif, Amelia Judith Hessheimer, Sonia Rodríguez Gómez, Carla Montironi, Constantino Fondevila
Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) is an uncommon variant of chronic cholecystitis. The perioperative findings in aggressive cases may be indistinguishable from those of gallbladder or biliary tract carcinomas. Three patients presented mass lesions that infiltrated the hepatic hilum, provoked biliary dilatation and jaundice, and were indicative of malignancy. Surgical excision was performed following oncological principles and included extirpation of the gallbladder, extrahepatic bile duct, and hilar lymph nodes, as well as partial hepatectomy...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352306/prognostic-and-predictive-role-of-egfr-pathway-alterations-in-biliary-cancer-patients-treated-with-chemotherapy-and-anti-egfr
#14
Caterina Peraldo-Neia, Giuliana Cavalloni, Elisabetta Fenocchio, Celeste Cagnazzo, Loretta Gammaitoni, Stefano Cereda, Guglielmo Nasti, Maria Antonietta Satolli, Giuseppe Aprile, Michele Reni, Antonio Avallone, Rosella Spadi, Tiziana Venesio, Vittoria Martin, Claudio Doglioni, Milo Frattini, Massimo Aglietta, Francesco Leone
The association of anti-EGFR to gemcitabine and oxaliplatin (GEMOX) chemotherapy did not improve survival in biliary tract carcinoma (BTC) patients. Multiple mechanisms might be involved in the resistance to anti-EGFR. Here, we explored the mutation profile of EGFR extracellular domain (ECD), of tyrosine kinase domain (TKD), and its amplification status. EGFR mutational status of exons 12, 18-21 was analyzed in 57 tumors by Sanger sequencing. EGFR amplification was evaluated in 37 tumors by Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (FISH)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333003/histopathological-study-of-gallbladder-carcinoma-and-its-mimics-with-role-of-carcinoembryonic-antigen-immunomarker-in-resolving-diagnostic-difficulties
#15
Santosh Kumar Mondal, Debashish Bhattacharjee, Palash Kumar Mandal, Saumitra Biswas
Background: Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) sometimes presents with nonspecific signs, without forming a mass, mimicking benign gallbladder (GB) diseases. On the contrary, benign GB diseases may mimic GBC. Material and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 107 cases over a period of 3 years (May 2012-April 2015), which included 41 review cases and 66 departmental cases. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) immunomarker expression was done. Results: In 27 of the 41 review cases, the diagnoses were benign diseases of GB associated with mild-to-moderate dysplasia of mucosal glands; however, after review in our department, it was found that of these 27 cases, nine cases were actually well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of GB with diffuse CEA expression and were mis diagnosed as benign diseases of GB with dysplasia...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313288/mixed-adenoneuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-gallbladder
#16
Yi-Xin Lin, Qian-Bin Jia, Yi-Yun Fu, Nan-Sheng Cheng
Mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma rarely occurs in the gallbladder. Most cases of cholecystic mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma have been reported from Asia, North American, and Europe; however, there is scarce literature available on this tumor in other populations. Here, we report a case of mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma in a Melanoderm woman who was initially suspected to have gallbladder cancer. No specific symptoms or abnormal blood test results were observed preoperatively. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 7-cm hypointense mass in the gallbladder fossa, which invaded the surrounding liver segments...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312740/serum-metalloproteinase-2-and-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinase-2-in-lung-carcinoma-patients
#17
Magdalena Drzewiecka-Jędrzejczyk, Rafał Wlazeł, Monika Terlecka, Sławomir Jabłoński
Background: Assessment of serum extracellular matrix (ECM) metalloproteinase MMP-2 and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase TIMP-2 concentrations in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients considering TNM staging. Assessment of the prognostic value of MMP-2 and TIMP-2 concentrations in NSCLC patients. Methods: The study group consisted of 81 NSCLC patients (24 females and 57 males) aged 46 to 86 years (mean age of 67±8.2 years). The control group comprised 39 randomly selected patients (20 females and 19 males) aged 27 to 73 years (mean age of 47±15...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312550/stathmin-1-expression-predicts-prognosis-and-benefits-from-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-gallbladder-carcinoma
#18
Xiaobo Bo, Jie Wang, Qiang Fu, Yueqi Wang, Houbao Liu, Jiejie Xu
Background: Abnormal expression of Stathmin 1(STMN1) plays an important role in the proliferation and migration of gallbladder carcinoma (GBC). The purpose of current study is to investigate the prognostic significance of STMN1 in GBC patients after surgery. Methods: STMN1 expression was evaluated with immunohistochemistry (IHC) on tissue microarrays from 70 GBC patients from a single institution between 2009 and 2013. The correlation between STMN1 expression and clinicopathological profiles and the prognosis was statistically inspected...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307199/pathologic-classification-of-pancreatic-cancers-current-concepts-and-challenges
#19
Mohamed E Mostafa, Ipek Erbarut-Seven, Burcin Pehlivanoglu, Volkan Adsay
As the most common and most important cancer of the pancreas, with rapid mortality and now also as the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has become synonymous with "pancreas cancer". PDAC is also the prototype of the "pancreatobiliary-type" adenocarcinomas, along the biliary tract, ampullary and gallbladder cancers with the similar morphology and behavior. Recent molecular profiling studies have identified distinct subsets of PDAC, potentially with different behaviors and targetability...
December 2017: Chinese Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300814/body-mass-index-and-20-specific-cancers-re-analyses-of-dose-response-meta-analyses-of-observational-studies
#20
E K Choi, H B Park, K H Lee, J H Park, M Eisenhut, H J van der Vliet, G Kim, J I Shin
Background: Objectives were to provide an overview and understand the strength of evidence and extent of potential biases and validity of claimed associations between Body Mass Index (BMI) and risk of developing cancer. Methods: We performed an umbrella review and comprehensively re-analysed the data of dose-response meta-analyses on associations between BMI and risk of 20-specific cancers (bladder, brain, breast, colonic, rectal, endometrial, gallbladder, gastric, leukemia, liver, lung, melanoma, multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkins lymphoma, oesophagus, ovarian, pancreatic, prostate, renal, thyroid) by adding big data or missed individual studies...
December 28, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
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