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Neutrophil and lymphocyte ratio

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792200/wedge-shaped-microfluidic-chip-for-circulating-tumor-cells-isolation-and-its-clinical-significance-in-gastric-cancer
#1
Chaogang Yang, Nangang Zhang, Shuyi Wang, Dongdong Shi, Chunxiao Zhang, Kan Liu, Bin Xiong
BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have great potential in both basic research and clinical application for the managements of cancer. However, the complicated fabrication processes and expensive materials of the existing CTCs isolation devices, to a large extent, limit their clinical translation and CTCs' clinical value. Therefore, it remains to be urgently needed to develop a new platform for achieving CTCs detection with low-cost, mass-producible but high performance. METHODS: In the present study, we introduced a novel wedge-shaped microfluidic chip (named CTC-ΔChip) fabricated by two pieces of glass through wet etching and thermal bonding technique for CTCs isolation, which achieved CTCs enrichment by different size without cell surface expression markers and CTCs identification with three-color immunocytochemistry method (CK+/CD45-/Nucleus+)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792062/analysis-of-the-blood-viscosity-behavior-in-the-sicilian-study-on-juvenile-myocardial-infarction
#2
Gregorio Caimi, Eugenia Hopps, Maria Montana, Giuseppe Andolina, Caterina Urso, Baldassare Canino, Rosalia Lo Presti
Considering the role of hemorheology in coronary circulation, we studied blood viscosity in patients with juvenile myocardial infarction. We examined whole blood viscosity at high shear rate using the cone-on-plate viscosimeter Wells-Brookfield ½ LVT and at low shear rate employing a viscometer Contraves LS30 in 120 patients (aged <46 years) with myocardial infarction, at the initial stage and subsequently 3 and 12 months after. At the initial stage, patients had an increased whole blood viscosity in comparison to normal controls...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789606/the-prognostic-value-of-systemic-inflammation-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-colon-cancer-comparison-of-composite-ratios-and-cumulative-scores
#3
Ross D Dolan, Stephen T McSorley, James H Park, David G Watt, Campbell S Roxburgh, Paul G Horgan, Donald C McMillan
INTRODUCTION: The systemic inflammatory response has been proven to have a prognostic value. There are two methods of assessing the systemic inflammatory response composite ratios (R) and cumulative scores (S). The aim of this study was to compare the prognostic value of ratios and scores in patients undergoing surgery for colon cancer. METHODS: Patients were identified prospectively in a single surgical unit. Preoperative neutrophil (N), lymphocyte (L), monocyte (M) and platelet (P) counts, CRP (C) and albumin (A) levels were recorded...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787804/the-prognostic-significance-of-preoperative-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-receiving-hepatectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Yunjiao Wang, Chuchu Peng, Zhigang Cheng, Ximei Wang, Lei Wu, Jingyi Li, Changsheng Huang, Quliang Guo, Hongwei Cai
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Numerous reports have indicated that preoperative Neutrophil-Lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was correlated with the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hepatectomy. However, the results still remained controversial. Therefore, the present meta-analysis of 17 studies was performed to evaluate the prognostic value of preoperative NLR in HCC patients. METHOD: Databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were retrieved...
May 19, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787560/neutrophils-to-lymphocytes-ratio-and-platelets-to-lymphocytes-ratio-in-pregnancy-a-population-study
#5
Anat Hershko Klement, Efrat Hadi, Aula Asali, Tal Shavit, Amir Wiser, Einat Haikin, Yael Barkan, Tal Biron-Shental, Alona Zer, Yifat Gadot
BACKGROUND: Neutrophils to lymphocytes ratio (NLR) and platelets to lymphocytes ratio (PLR) are both inflammatory ratios that can be easily calculated from a simple blood count. They are frequently reported and tested as prognostic factors in several medical disciplines. Pregnancy involves special reference values for laboratory assays. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to define pregnancy-related reference values for NLR and PLR according to trimester, background morbidity and according to the patient's age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786814/predictive-value-of-preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-while-detecting-bowel-resection-in-hernia-with-intestinal-incarceration
#6
Hande Köksal, Derviş Ateş, Emet Ebru Nazik, İlknur Küçükosmanoğlu, Serap Melek Doğan, Osman Doğru
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between preoperative hematological inflammatory markers of the patients who underwent a surgery for incarcerated hernia and intestinal resection requirement. METHODS: The data of 102 patients who underwent a surgery for incarcerated hernia were retrospectively evaluated. Whole blood cell counts were preoperatively measured, and operation types and pathology results were recorded. The patients with intestinal resections were compared with those without any resection in terms of leukocyte number, neutrophil rate, red cell distribution width (RDW), platelet distribution width, neutrophil-to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and mean platelet volume (MPV)...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782839/different-regulation-of-cortisol-and-corticosterone-in-the-subterranean-rodent-ctenomys-talarum-responses-to-dexamethasone-angiotensin-ii-potassium-and-diet
#7
Federico Vera, C Daniel Antenucci, Roxana R Zenuto
When harmful environmental stimuli occur, glucocorticoids (GCs), cortisol and corticosterone are currently used to evaluate stress status in vertebrates, since their secretions are primarily associated to an increased activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. To advance in our comprehension about GCs regulation, we evaluated the subterranean rodent Ctenomys talarum to assess cortisol and corticosterone response to (1) the negative feedback of the HPA axis using the dexamethasone (DEX) suppression test, (2) angiotensin II (Ang II), (3) potassium (K+ ) intake, and (4) different diets (vegetables, grasses, acute fasting)...
May 18, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782381/high-baseline-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-worse-outcome-in-patients-with-metastatic-braf-positive-melanoma-treated-with-braf-and-mek-inhibitors
#8
Paweł Teterycz, Paulina Jagodzińska-Mucha, Bożena Cybulska-Stopa, Anna Mariuk-Jarema, Katarzyna Kozak, Hanna Koseła-Paterczyk, Anna M Czarnecka, Marcin Rajczykowski, Robert Dziura, Łukasz Galus, Jacek Mackiewicz, Tomasz Świtaj, Anna Klimczak, Slawomir Falkowski, Rafał Suwiński, Marek Ziobro, Iwona Ługowska, Piotr Rutkowski
Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been shown to be prognostic in several solid malignancies. There are limited data regarding its value during novel therapies in patients with melanoma. The aim of the study was to assess the practical utility of this ratio in patients with BRAF-mutant melanoma treated with a combination of BRAF and MEK inhibitors (BRAFi/MEKi). We included 215 patients with inoperable or metastatic melanoma who underwent BRAFi/MEKi treatment between October 2015 and June 2017. Baseline NLR and other complete blood count-derived inflammatory markers were tested for association with overall survival and progression-free survival in univariate and multivariate models...
May 18, 2018: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781285/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-the-relationship-between-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-in-stent-restenosis
#9
Zhihui Chang, Jiahe Zheng, Zhaoyu Liu, Qiyong Guo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780782/combination-of-clinical-and-laboratory-characteristics-may-serve-as-a-potential-diagnostic-marker-for-torsion-on-mature-cystic-teratomas
#10
Ji Yun Lee, Whan Shin, Jeong Sook Kim, Joo Hyun Park, SiHyun Cho
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate clinical and laboratory characteristics of torsion on mature cystic teratomas (MCTs). In addition, we examined whether these factors could be helpful in diagnosing MCT torsion. Methods: A retrospective medical record review was conducted for 384 patients who had undergone surgery and histologically verified ovarian MCTs at single university hospital between July 2006 and May 2017. Patients with or without torsion groups were compared with respect to clinical presentation, laboratory findings and surgical course...
May 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779969/increased-malondialdehyde-vs-reduced-sirtuin-1-in-relation-with-adiposity-atherogenicity-and-hematological-indices-in-metabolic-syndrome-patients-with-and-without-prediabetes
#11
Samar Abu Rkhaya, Nailya Bulatova, Violet Kasabri, Randa Naffa, Reema Alquoqa
BACKGROUND: Sirtuin 1 (SIRT 1) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were implicated in metabolic syndrome (MetS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) pathophysiology. AIMS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate both SIRT 1 and MDA in 30 lean healthy control, 31 normoglycemic MetS subjects and 30 MetS-Pre/T2DM drug naïve. C orrelation studies were established for both biomarkers with adiposity indices [conicity index (CI), waist circumference (WC), weight-to-height (WHtR) ratio, weight-to-hip (WHR) ratio, hip circumference (HC), and body adiposity index (BAI)], hematological indices [red cell distribution width (RDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet-to-lymphcyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR)] and atherogenicity indices (atherogenicity index of plasma (AIP = log10 TG/HDL-C ratio), TC/HDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios]...
May 15, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776362/apolipoprotein-b-apolipoprotein-a1-ratio-and-mortality-among-incident-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#12
Xiaojiang Zhan, Yanbing Chen, Caixia Yan, Siyi Liu, Lijuan Deng, Yuting Yang, Panlin Qiu, Dan Pan, Bingxiang Zeng, Qinkai Chen
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between the ratio of apolipoprotein B (apo B) / apolipoprotein A1 (apo A1) with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS: Eight hundred and sixty incident PD patients were enrolled from November 1, 2005, to February 28, 2017, and followed until May 31, 2017. Outcomes were all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events. Associations between the apo B/apo A1 ratio with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events were evaluated using multivariable-adjusted Cox models...
May 17, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774997/-the-significance-of-lymphocyte-to-monocyte-ratio-in-peripheral-blood-of-patients-with-benign-and-malignant-laryngeal-lesions
#13
D Q Wu, X S Huang
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the value of preoperative peripheral blood lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) in differentiating laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC), laryngeal precancerous lesions (LPL) and laryngeal benign lesions (LBL). Method: Four hundred and five cases of laryngeal lesions diagnosed by pathology (154 cases of LSCC, 83 cases of LPL and 168 cases of LBL) were collected. LSCC group was further divided into T1 group, T2 group and T3-4 group based on T stage. The levels of neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, hemoglobin, platelet and other blood indexes were measured, as well as compared the LMR, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and other parameters in each group...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774108/prognostic-and-diagnostic-impact-of-fibrinogen-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-on-thymic-epithelial-tumors-outcome
#14
Stefan Janik, Thomas Raunegger, Philipp Hacker, Bahil Ghanim, Elisa Einwallner, Leonhard Müllauer, Ana-Iris Schiefer, Julia Moser, Walter Klepetko, Hendrik Jan Ankersmit, Bernhard Moser
Background: Peripheral blood-derived inflammation-based markers, such as Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR), Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR), and Fibrinogen have been identified as prognostic markers in various solid malignancies. Here we aimed to investigate the prognostic and diagnostic impact of NLR, PLR, and Fibrinogen in patients with thymic epithelial tumors (TETs). Results: Pretreatment Fibrinogen serum concentrations, NLRs and PLRs were highest in patients with TCs and advanced tumor stages...
April 24, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773957/perioperative-predictors-of-delirium-and-incidence-factors-in-adult-patients-post-cardiac-surgery
#15
Stavros Theologou, Konstantinos Giakoumidakis, Christos Charitos
Background: Delirium is a quite common complication in adult patients post-cardiac surgery. The purpose of our study was to identify perioperative characteristics and also focus on incidence factors that could predict delirium in the cardiac surgery intensive care unit (CICU) postoperatively. Methods: We conducted a prospective study of 179 consecutive patients, who underwent open-heart surgical operation and were admitted to the CICU of a general tertiary hospital in Athens, Greece...
2018: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773759/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-creatinine-reduction-ratio-predict-good-early-graft-function-among-adult-cadaveric-donor-renal-transplant-recipients-single-institution-series
#16
Piotr Hogendorf, Anna Suska, Aleksander Skulimowski, Joanna Rut, Monika Grochowska, Aleksandra Wencel, Filip Dziwisz, Michał Nowicki, Dariusz Szymański, Grażyna Poznańska, Adam Durczyński, Janusz Strzelczyk
Background Delayed graft function (DGF) is a common complication following kidney transplantation and is associated with ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Lymphocytes contribute to the pathogenesis of IRI and ischemia-reperfusion related delayed graft function Materials and Methods 135 Caucasian patients received a kidney graft from deceased heart-beating organ donors. We divided patients into 2 groups- patients with the eGFR&gt;=30 on the 21st day post-transplantation (n=36) and patients with the eGFR&lt;30 on the 21st day post-transplantation (n=99) to assess kidney graft function...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768976/predictors-of-intravenous-immunoglobulin-resistance-and-coronary-artery-aneurysm-in-patients-with-kawasaki-disease
#17
Nattika Chantasiriwan, Suchaya Silvilairat, Krit Makonkawkeyoon, Yupada Pongprot, Rekwan Sittiwangkul
BACKGROUND: Patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) who have intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) resistance are at increased risk for development of coronary artery abnormalities. Although in Japan several risk scoring systems are able to predict patients with IVIG-resistant (KD), they do not accurately predict non-responders in other regions. AIM: The objectives of this study were to determine the predictors of IVIG resistance and coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) and to develop risk scoring systems for predicting IVIG-resistant KD in the Thai population...
May 17, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768325/is-nucleate-cell-count-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-related-to-patients-with-audiographically-distinct-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#18
Yuanyuan Sun, Liang Xia, Hui Wang, Zhengnong Chen, Yaqin Wu, Bin Chen, Haibo Shi, Yanmei Feng, Shankai Yin
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible relationships between sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) patients with distinct audiographic data and nucleate cell count and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR).SSNHL patients differed in audiographic curves were included, 40 with low-frequency SSNHL (LF-SSNHL), 33 with high-frequency SSNHL (HF-SSNHL), 36 with all-frequency SSNHL (AF-SSNHL), 34 with total-deafness SSNHL (TD-SSNHL), and 31 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected and nucleate cell such as white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil and lymphocyte, and NLR were measured...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768257/systemic-immune-inflammation-index-sii-is-useful-to-predict-survival-outcomes-in-patients-after-liver-transplantation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-within-hangzhou-criteria
#19
Hongyuan Fu, Jun Zheng, Jianye Cai, Kaining Zeng, Jia Yao, Liang Chen, Hui Li, Jiebin Zhang, Yingcai Zhang, Hui Zhao, Yang Yang
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), a novel prognostic biomarker based on peripheral lymphocyte, neutrophil, and platelet counts, is associated with poor prognosis for several tumors. However, the prognostic value of SII in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who undergo liver transplantation (LT) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between SII and prognosis in these patients. METHODS: This retrospective study involved 150 patients with HCC who underwent LT within the Hangzhou criteria...
May 11, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767470/early-increase-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-30-day-mortality-in-patients-with-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#20
Fei Wang, Feng Xu, Ye Quan, Li Wang, Jian-Jun Xia, Ting-Ting Jiang, Li-Juan Shen, Wen-Hui Kang, Yong Ding, Li-Xia Mei, Xue-Feng Ju, Shan-You Hu, Xiao Wu
AIMS: To examine whether early rise of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) after patient hospitalization correlates with 30-day mortality in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients receiving treatment for spontaneous ICH between January 2015 and September 2016 at the Jiading District Central Hospital Affiliated Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences in Shanghai, China. NLR was determined at admission (T1), at 24-48 hours (T2) and 5-7 days (T3)...
May 16, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
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