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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681707/pediatric-proximal-femur-fractures
#1
REVIEW
Brian L Dial, Robert K Lark
Pediatric proximal femur fractures are rare injuries resulting from high-energy trauma. The Delbet classification is used when describing these injuries, and associates fracture type to the development of avascular necrosis. Historically, casting was utilized in the treatment of these injuries, but high complication rates following this approach have changed the treatment modality to early and anatomic fixation. Complications associated with these injuries including avascular necrosis, non-union, coxa-vara, and premature physeal fusion...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666578/individual-experiences-in-four-cancer-patients-following-psilocybin-assisted-psychotherapy
#2
Tara C Malone, Sarah E Mennenga, Jeffrey Guss, Samantha K Podrebarac, Lindsey T Owens, Anthony P Bossis, Alexander B Belser, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, Michael P Bogenschutz, Stephen Ross
A growing body of evidence shows that existential and spiritual well-being in cancer patients is associated with better medical outcomes, improved quality of life, and serves as a buffer against depression, hopelessness, and desire for hastened death. Historical and recent research suggests a role for psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy in treating cancer-related anxiety and depression. A double-blind controlled trial was performed, where 29 patients with cancer-related anxiety and depression were randomly assigned to treatment with single-dose psilocybin (0...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657727/preoperative-fluid-restriction-for-trauma-patients-with-hemorrhagic-shock-decreases-ventilator-days
#3
Shigenari Matsuyama, Ryusuke Miki, Hirotada Kittaka, Haruki Nakayama, Shota Kikuta, Satoshi Ishihara, Shinichi Nakayama
Aim: In recent years, with the concept of damage control resuscitation, hemostasis and preoperative fluid restriction have been carried out, but there is controversy regarding the effectiveness of fluid restriction. Methods: From April 2007 to March 2013, 101 trauma patients presented with hemorrhagic shock (systolic blood pressure ≤90 mmHg) at the prehospital or emergency department and were admitted to Hyogo Emergency Medical Center (Hyogo, Japan). They underwent emergency hemostasis by surgery and transcatheter arterial embolization...
April 2018: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649954/anatomical-considerations-and-open-surgery-to-treat-juxtarenal-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#4
Georgiana Samoila, Ian Michael Williams
INTRODUCTION: Historically, the open approach to the abdominal aorta has been transperitoneal (TP). In comparison, a retroperitoneal (RP) incision exposes the lateral wall of the suprarenal aorta for clamp application and midline structures such as the duodenum and pancreas are not encountered. Proximal clamp position for open repair of juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (JR-AAA) is suprarenal, supra-superior mesenteric, or supraceliac. While RP and TP approaches have previously been compared for physiological reasons, there are currently no randomized controlled trials comparing these methods from an anatomical perspective...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643121/fast-in-the-deployed-military-setting
#5
Nicholas James Carter, D Gay
INTRODUCTION: Focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) is historically an effective method of assessing the patient in the trauma bay in order to aid decision-making and optimise patient outcomes. However, in the UK civilian practice, the use of FAST may decline given a recent change in National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance as a result of improvement in CT availability and resuscitation techniques. METHOD: In the Role 3 Medical Treatment Facility, Camp Bastion, 187 patients with trauma who received FAST in the trauma bay in 2014 were reviewed to determine the accuracy of FAST in the deployed environment...
April 10, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620588/atlas-fractures-diagnosis-current-treatment-recommendations-and-implications-for-elderly-patients
#6
Richard M Smith, Amit K Bhandutia, Julio J Jauregui, Mark Shasti, Steven C Ludwig
Fractures of the C1 vertebrae (atlas) are commonly the result of falls and other trauma, which cause hyperextension, or axial compression of the cervical spine. Although historically thought as a benign injury with lower neurological risks, current data suggests that this may not hold true for geriatric patients (aged 65 y and older) who may be predisposed to these fractures even after lower-energy trauma such as ground-level falls. Advancements in orthopedic trauma care has increased our diagnostic abilities to identify and manage patients with C1 fractures and other upper cervical spine trauma...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619274/evaluating-postoperative-complications-and-outcomes-of-orthopedic-fracture-repair-in-nonagenarian-patients
#7
Kyle A Scarano, Frances H Philp, Edward R Westrick, Gregory T Altman, Daniel T Altman
Introduction: The United States and the world are currently experiencing a tremendous growth in the elderly population. Moreover, individuals surpassing the ages of 80 and 90 are also continuing to increase. As this unique division of society expands, it is critical that the medical community best understands how to assess, diagnose, and treat this population. The purpose of this study was to analyze morbidity, mortality, and overall outcome of patients aged 90 years and older after orthopedic surgical fracture repair...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614928/traumatic-cricket-related-fatalities-in-australia-a-historical-review-of-media-reports
#8
Peter Brukner, Thomas J Gara, Lauren V Fortington
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a historical review of direct trauma-related deaths in Australian cricket, both organised and informal. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted an extensive search of digitised print media (three databases) and traditional scientific literature (two databases) for on-field cricket incidents in Australia that resulted in deaths during the period 1858-2016. Main outcomes and measures: Numbers of cricket-related deaths by decade; type of cricket match (organised match or training, or informal play); site of fatal injury (eg, head, chest); activity at the time of the incident (eg, batting, fielding, watching)...
April 2, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606678/resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-a-bridge-to-flight-survival
#9
Carl Goforth, Matthew Bradley, Benilani Pineda, Suzanne See, Jason Pasley
Trauma endures as the leading cause of death worldwide, and most deaths occur in the first 24 hours after initial injury as a result of hemorrhage. Historically, about 90% of battlefield deaths occur before the injured person arrives at a theater hospital, and most are due to noncompressible hemorrhage of the torso. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta is an evolving technique to quickly place a balloon into the thoracic or abdominal aorta to efficiently block blood flow to distal circulation...
April 2018: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594635/reading-trauma-and-literary-caregiving-1914-1918-helen-mary-gaskell-and-the-war-library
#10
Sara Haslam
This article is about the relationship between reading, trauma and responsive literary caregiving in Britain during the First World War. Its analysis of two little-known documents describing the history of the War Library, begun by Helen Mary Gaskell in 1914, exposes a gap in the scholarship of war-time reading; generates a new narrative of "how," "when," and "why" books went to war; and foregrounds gender in its analysis of the historiography. The Library of Congress's T. W. Koch discovered Gaskell's ground-breaking work in 1917 and reported its successes to the American Library Association...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562164/traumatic-cricket-related-fatalities-in-australia-a-historical-review-of-media-reports
#11
Peter Brukner, Thomas J Gara, Lauren V Fortington
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a historical review of direct trauma-related deaths in Australian cricket, both organised and informal. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted an extensive search of digitised print media (three databases) and traditional scientific literature (two databases) for on-field cricket incidents in Australia that resulted in deaths during the period 1858-2016. Main outcomes and measures: Numbers of cricket-related deaths by decade; type of cricket match (organised match or training, or informal play); site of fatal injury (eg, head, chest); activity at the time of the incident (eg, batting, fielding, watching)...
March 26, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557925/validation-of-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-computer-adaptive-tests-cats-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#12
Alpesh A Patel, Shah-Nawaz M Dodwad, Barrett S Boody, Surabhi Bhatt, Jason W Savage, Wellington K Hsu, Nan E Rothrock
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, cohort study. OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate validity of PROMIS physical function, pain interference, and pain behavior computer adaptive tests (CATs) in surgically treated lumbar stenosis patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There has been increasing attention given to patient reported outcomes associated with spinal interventions. Historical patient outcome measures have inadequate validation, demonstrate floor/ceiling effects, and infrequently used due to time constraints...
March 19, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547887/an-evaluation-of-navy-en-route-care-training-using-a-high-fidelity-medical-simulation-scenario-of-interfacility-patient-transport
#13
Christine A DeForest, Virginia Blackman, John E Alex, Lauren Reeves, Alejandra Mora, Crystal Perez, Joseph Maddry, Domenique Selby, Benjamin Walrath
Introduction: Military prehospital and en route care (ERC) directly impacts patient morbidity and mortality. Provider knowledge and skills are critical variables in the effectiveness of ERC. No Navy doctrine defines provider choice for patient transport or requires standardized provider training. Frequently, Search and Rescue Medical Technicians (SMTs) and Navy Nurses (ERC RNs) are tasked with this mission though physicians have also been used. Navy ERC provider training varies greatly by professional role...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538227/mapping-areas-with-concentrated-risk-of-trauma-mortality-a-first-step-toward-mitigating-geographic-and-socioeconomic-disparities-in-trauma
#14
Molly P Jarman, Elliott R Haut, Frank C Curriero, Renan C Castillo
BACKGROUND: Many rural, low income, and historically underrepresented minority communities lack access to trauma center services, including surgical care and injury prevention efforts. Along with features of the built and social environment at injury incident locations, geographic barriers to trauma center services may contribute to injury disparities. This study sought to classify injury event locations based on features of the built and social environment at the injury scene, and to examine patterns in individual patient demographics, injury characteristics, and mortality by location class...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533096/chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-in-sports-a-historical-and-narrative-review
#15
Gary Solomon
My objectives are to review: 1) a brief history of sport-related concussion (SRC) and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), 2) the evolution of CTE in American professional football, 3) the data regarding SRC/CTE as they relate to depression and suicide, 4) the data on the neurocognitive effects of subconcussion/repetitive head trauma (with emphases on heading the ball in soccer and early exposure to football), 5) the evidence related to SRC and neurodegenerative diseases, 6) the published studies of CTE, 7) the NINDS neuropathological criteria for CTE, 8) public beliefs about SRC/CTE, and 9) the scientific questions regarding CTE...
March 13, 2018: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528840/endovascular-repair-of-incidentally-found-subclavian-artery-aneurysm-a-case-report-from-an-urban-level-1-trauma-center
#16
Randall W Franz, Simon R Fraser
Subclavian artery aneurysms (SAAs) are historically rare peripheral aneurysm. However, it can be associated with serious life-threatening complications including rupture, thrombosis, and embolism. The majority of such aneurysms are found incidentally. Historically, SAA have been repaired via an open approach. Increasing case reports demonstrate successful management of SAAs with endovascular repair. The present report describes a case of incidentally discovered large proximal saccular subclavian aneurysm with suspected remote traumatic etiology with a successful endovascular repair...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517148/traumatic-phacocele-in-an-american-miniature-horse
#17
Kelly E Knickelbein, Mallory Stock, Sebastian E Carrasco, Christopher M Reilly, Mary E Lassaline
An 18-year-old American Miniature Horse mare was presented with a complaint of a scleral swelling affecting the right eye and a history of suspected trauma 6 weeks prior to evaluation. Clinical findings included severe blepharospasm, a bulbous swelling of the dorsotemporal bulbar conjunctiva, and phthisis bulbi. Ocular ultrasound was recommended but declined. Enucleation was elected for the blind, painful eye and was performed standing. Gross and histopathologic examinations of the globe were consistent with extrusion of the lens to the episcleral space, which is classified as a traumatic phacocele when associated with naturally occurring trauma...
March 8, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513022/recent-developments-in-suicide-prevention-among-the-indigenous-peoples-of-australia
#18
Pat Dudgeon, Christopher Holland
OBJECTIVES: Suicide is an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (hereafter 'Indigenous') population health issue. Over 2015-2016, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Prevention Project (ATSISPEP) aimed to identify success factors in Indigenous suicide prevention. CONCLUSIONS: For non-Indigenous practitioners working with indigenous clients at risk of suicide, ATSISPEP identified important considerations to make treatment more effective. The start is acknowledging the differences in the historical, cultural, political, social and economic experiences of Indigenous peoples, and their greater exposure to trauma, psychological distress and risks to mental health...
March 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496212/horse-riding-accidents-and-injuries-in-historical-records-of-joseon-dynasty-korea
#19
Ho Chul Ki, Eun-Kyoung Shin, Eun Jin Woo, Eunju Lee, Jong Ha Hong, Dong Hoon Shin
Only a few osteological reports describe bone injuries thought to have been caused by falls from horses. Nevertheless, anthropological study alone is insufficient for establishing the correlates of such equestrian accidents. We therefore reviewed the records in Seungjeongwon ilgi (Diaries of the Royal Secretariat) and Joseon wangjo silrok (Annals of the Joseon Dynasty) of the Korea's Joseon period (1392-1910 CE). Although the mechanisms of trauma were diverse, the Joseon documents recorded many injuries caused by horse-riding accidents...
March 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496203/the-halifax-explosion-a-century-later-lessons-for-our-time
#20
Preston L Carter
A brief historical account of the Halifax Explosion, one of North America's greatest mass urban trauma casualty events of the 20th century. This disaster, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, was the result of the cataclysmic explosion of a fully loaded World War I munitions ship on the densely waterfront of that city, resulting in nearly 2000 fatalities and 9000 injured. It remains a case study in response to disasters which overwhelm local medical capabilities.
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
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