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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221782/sleep-problems-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and%C3%A2-intellectual-disability-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Sezen Köse, Helin Yılmaz, F Tuna Ocakoğlu, N Burcu Özbaran
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the sleep problems and their correlations in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), intellectual disability without ASD (ID), and typically developing children (TDC). METHODS: This study included 142 children (48 with ASD, 46 with ID, 48 with TDC) aged between 2 and 18 years old. Parents of the children completed the Childhood Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) in order to evaluate sleep disturbances. The sociodemographic and clinical information were noted on a data form for each child...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177445/do-sleeping-habits-mediate-the-association-between-time-spent-on-digital-devices-and-school-problems-in-adolescence
#2
Daniela Husarova, Lukas Blinka, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jan Sirucek, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld
Background: This study examined the associations of Internet and computer screen time with school difficulties and the role of sleep quality and soft and energy drinks consumption. Methods: We used data from the cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study collected in 2014 among Slovak adolescents (aged 11.0-15.9 years, N = 7595, 48.1% boys). We examined the inter-relations between time spent with on digital devices (time spent playing digital games or Internet use), sleeping quality (sleeping shortage, sleeping difficulties), soft/energy drinks consumption and school problems (low academic achievement, disliking school, being pressured by schoolwork and truancy), using structural equation modeling...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177127/different-healthy-habits-between-northern-and-southern-spanish-school-children
#3
Daniel Arriscado, Emily Knox, Mikel Zabala, Félix Zurita-Ortega, Jose Maria Dalmau, Jose Joaquin Muros
Aim: Healthy habits are influenced by several factors such as geographical location. The aims of this study were to describe and compare healthy habits within two populations of sixth-grade primary school children (aged 11-12 years) from northern and southern Spain. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study using two representative samples of school children was conducted. Participants came from Logroño (n = 329) in the north and Granada (n = 284) in the south of Spain...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157744/insufficient-sleep-is-associated-with-obesity-and-excessive-screen-time-amongst-ten-year-old-children-in-sweden
#4
Pernilla Garmy, Eva K Clausson, Per Nyberg, Ulf Jakobsson
PURPOSE: This study investigated sleep, television, computer habits, and obesity in school-age children. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional self-report survey of 1260 children in grade 4 (mean age, 10.1) living in southern Sweden (49.1% boys). The heights and weights of 1097 (87.1%) of the children were recorded. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, and multiple logistic regression were employed. RESULTS: The median length of self-reported sleep on weeknights was 9...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136476/effectiveness-of-a-school-based-program-focusing-on-diet-and-health-habits-taught-through-physical-exercise
#5
Ana Pablos, Vicente Nebot, Vicente Vañó-Vicent, Diego Ceca, Laura Elvira
The global rate of obesity in childhood is becoming an epidemic and many authors have established a significant association between childhood obesity and overweight in adulthood. It is therefore necessary to seek effective strategies to reduce these levels of obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Healthy Habits Program (HHP). The participants were 158 children from the 5th and 6th grades (Intervention Group [IG] n=82, Control Group [CG] n=76). The HHP is a school-based physical activity program focusing on promoting a healthy lifestyle...
November 14, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112459/atomoxetine-parent-training-and-their-effects-on-sleep-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
Jill A Hollway, Marrisa Mendoza-Burcham, Rebecca Andridge, Michael G Aman, Benjamin Handen, L Eugene Arnold, Luc Lecavalier, Craig Williams, Laura Silverman, Tristram Smith
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbance is often a problem for children with either autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Psychostimulant medications used to treat ADHD symptoms can exacerbate this problem. For children with ASD and ADHD, atomoxetine (ATX) is a viable alternative to psychostimulants. We investigated the effects of ATX and a manualized parent training (PT) program targeting noncompliance, on the sleep quality of children with ASD and ADHD...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094337/morningness-eveningness-is-not-associated-with-academic-performance-in-the-afternoon-school-shift-preliminary-findings
#7
Arturo Arrona-Palacios, Juan F Díaz-Morales
BACKGROUND: The effect of morningness-eveningness, sleep habits, and intelligence on academic performance has been studied in a fixed morning school shift. However, no studies have analysed these variables in an afternoon school shift and tested whether morningness-eveningness is related to academic performance beyond sleep habits and intelligence effects. AIMS: The psychometric properties of the Morningness-Eveningness Scale for Children (MESC) were analysed. Additionally, academic performance, sex, intelligence, sleep habits, and morningness-eveningness relationship in a morning and afternoon school shift were compared...
November 1, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093041/screen-media-exposure-and-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
REVIEW
Thomas N Robinson, Jorge A Banda, Lauren Hale, Amy Shirong Lu, Frances Fleming-Milici, Sandra L Calvert, Ellen Wartella
Obesity is one of the best-documented outcomes of screen media exposure. Many observational studies find relationships between screen media exposure and increased risks of obesity. Randomized controlled trials of reducing screen time in community settings have reduced weight gain in children, demonstrating a cause and effect relationship. Current evidence suggests that screen media exposure leads to obesity in children and adolescents through increased eating while viewing; exposure to high-calorie, low-nutrient food and beverage marketing that influences children's preferences, purchase requests, consumption habits; and reduced sleep duration...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073391/parental-social-capital-and-children-s-sleep-disturbances
#9
Emma Nagy, Spencer Moore, Reut Gruber, Catherine Paquet, Narendra Arora, Laurette Dubé
OBJECTIVES: Sleep plays a critical role in the health and well-being of children. Individual and household factors, including parent's social connections, may impact children's sleep. Our study assessed the association between children's sleep disturbances and parent's social capital in a sample of Canadian households. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: Data came from 339 children and their parents who completed a telephone and follow-up survey in 2013 as part of the Canada Brain-to-Society study...
December 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072500/poor-sleep-has-negative-implications-for-children-with-and-without-adhd-but-in-different-ways
#10
Frances Le Cornu Knight, Dagmara Dimitriou
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems are commonly reported in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and are also a familiar characteristic of typical development (TD). We sought to elucidate the relationship between sleep, ADHD trait behaviors, and cognitive inattention, and how it manifests between ADHD and TD children. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen children diagnosed with ADHD and 20 age-matched TD controls aged 5 to 11 years old participated in the study. METHODS: Sleep profiles were assessed using Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire and actigraphy measures...
October 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065932/sleep-and-dietary-habits-in-the-urban-environment-the-role-of-chrono-nutrition
#11
Gerda K Pot
The urban environment has changed vastly over past decades, which also has had an impact on our sleep and dietary patterns and possibly health outcomes. Some studies have shown that sleep duration and sleep quality has declined over past decades, especially in children. In parallel, our lifestyle and dietary patterns have also changed including more shift work, more meals outside the home or family setting and more irregular eating patterns, including breakfast skipping and late-night eating. This new area of research in nutritional sciences studying the impact of the timing of eating on health outcomes is called chrono-nutrition, and combines elements from nutritional research with chrono-biology...
October 25, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058789/sleep-biological-stress-and-health-among-toddlers-living-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-homes-a-research-protocol
#12
Monica R Ordway, Lois S Sadler, Craig A Canapari, Sangchoon Jeon, Nancy S Redeker
Healthy sleep is important to behavioral, neurobiological, and physiologic health. In older children and adults, stress biomarkers, such as cortisol and C-reactive protein, increase when they do not practice healthy sleep habits. However, little is known about the relationships among sleep health, stress, and health outcomes among very young children living with socioeconomic adversity, a group that is particularly at risk for poor future health. The NIH-funded study described in this protocol addresses this scientific gap to improve understanding of these relationships during a critical developmental period in children's lives-toddlerhood...
December 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046955/the-relationship-between-child-and-caregiver-sleep-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-maintenance
#13
Lauren C Daniel, Colleen M Walsh, Lisa J Meltzer, Lamia P Barakat, Jacqueline D Kloss
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study are to describe sleep quality and sleep disturbance among caregivers of children in the maintenance phase of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to examine the relationship between sleep quality, child sleep disturbance, and caregiver guilt and worry. METHODS: Caregivers of 68 children with ALL, ages 3 to 12 years old, completed measures of caregiver guilt and worry, caregiver sleep quality, and child's developmental history and sleep habits...
October 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031758/the-association-of-mothers-and-fathers-insomnia-symptoms-with-school-aged-children-s-sleep-assessed-by-parent-report-and-in-home-sleep-electroencephalography
#14
Natalie Urfer-Maurer, Rebekka Weidmann, Serge Brand, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Alexander Grob, Peter Weber, Sakari Lemola
OBJECTIVE: Sleep plays an essential role for children's well-being. Because children's sleep is associated with parental sleep patterns, it must be considered in the family context. As a first aim of the present study, we test whether parental insomnia symptoms are related to children's in-home sleep-electroencephalography (EEG). Second, we examine the association between parental insomnia symptoms and maternal and paternal perception of children's sleep using actor-partner interdependence models...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992746/changes-in-sleep-habits-between-1985-and-2013-among-children-and-adolescents-in-sweden
#15
Annika Norell-Clarke, Curt Hagquist
AIMS: The aim was to investigate changes in child and adolescent sleep habits in Sweden over time. This had not been done previously. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire data over three decades of investigations of the Health Behaviours of School Children study (1985/1986, 2005/2006 and 2013/2014) were used. The sample included 18,682 children and adolescents, aged 11, 13 and 15. Empirically based age-specific sleep duration recommendations were used to operationalise sleep duration...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983997/cosleeping-sleep-disturbances-children-s-behavioral-problems-and-parenting-self-efficacy-among-korean-american-families
#16
Eunjung Kim, Rachel Lee, Kevin C Cain
The purpose of this study was to compare sleep disturbances of children and their mothers, children's behavioral problems, and parenting self-efficacy between Korean American families who coslept and those who did not cosleep. Forty-eight mothers of children between 3 and 8 years of age completed the following surveys: Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire, Pediatric Symptom Checklist, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Parenting Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, and Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans II...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922019/sleep-problems-and-daytime-sleepiness-in-children-with-adhd-associations-with-social-emotional-and-behavioral-functioning-at-school-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Isabelle Lucas, Melissa Mulraney, Emma Sciberras
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems and daytime sleepiness are common in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are associated with poor parent-reported functional outcomes. However, the potential impact of sleep problems or daytime sleepiness on the school functioning of children with ADHD remains unknown. We aimed to determine if sleep problems and daytime sleepiness were associated with the social, emotional, and behavioral school-based functioning of children with ADHD and comorbid sleep problems...
September 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919767/relationship-between-subtypes-and-symptoms-of-adhd-insomnia-and-nightmares-in-connection-with-quality-of-life-in-children
#18
Julia Grünwald, Angelika Anita Schlarb
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the links between sleep disorders and subtypes of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD-inattention, ADHD-combined, ADHD-hyperactive/impulsive) in childhood. We set up a hypothetical model linking different symptoms of both disorders to construct the underlying and shared pathways. By examining a sample of children with ADHD we firstly tested parts of the model. METHODS: A total of 72 children with symptoms of ADHD (aged 6-13 years; 79...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915845/reliability-and-validity-of-a-brief-sleep-questionnaire-for-children-in-japan
#19
Masakazu Okada, Shingo Kitamura, Yoshitaka Iwadare, Hisateru Tachimori, Yuichi Kamei, Shigekazu Higuchi, Kazuo Mishima
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of sleep questionnaires with few items and confirmed reliability and validity that can be used for the early detection of sleep problems in children. The aim of this study was to develop a questionnaire with few items and assess its reliability and validity in both children at high risk of sleep disorders and a community population. METHODS: Data for analysis were derived from two populations targeted by the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ): 178 children attending elementary school and 432 children who visited a pediatric psychiatric hospital (aged 6-12 years)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890529/factors-relating-to-the-feeling-of-school-avoidance-among-elementary-school-children-results-from-the-mext-ministry-of-education-culture-sports-science-and-education-super-shokuiku-school-project
#20
Masahiro Akimoto, Michikazu Sekine, Masaaki Yamada, Takashi Tatsuse
Purpose This study aims to evaluate whether lifestyle factors including media use and social and family environments are associated with elementary school children's feeling of school avoidance.Methods Total study population for this study was 2,057 children in 5 elementary schools in Takaoka city, Toyama prefecture, which participated in the MEXT Super Shokuiku School Project. A questionnaire survey was conducted in July 2014 and 1,936 students responded (Response rate: 94.1%). Of those who responded, data from 1,698 respondents were relevant for this study...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
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