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Sleep habits children

Jennifer Coto, Alexis Garcia, Katie C Hart, Paulo A Graziano
OBJECTIVE: To examine within an at-risk/clinical sample of preschool-aged children with externalizing problems: (1) which disruptive behavior and attention disorder symptoms (i.e., inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, and oppositionality/aggression) and (2) what aspects of parenting (e.g., discipline practices or stress) are related to children's sleep problems (e.g., sleep habit and night waking problems). METHOD: The sample consisted of 148 children (meanage = 5...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Hongru Su, Renren Yang, Qinglong Deng, Wenhao Qian, Jinming Yu
BACKGROUND: This study aims to understand the deciduous dental caries status of preschool children in Xuhui District of Shanghai, China and to analyze the associated risk factors. METHODS: In January of 2016, a cross-sectional investigation was conducted to examine the oral health of all the kindergarten children in Xuihui District of Shanghai, China. Meanwhile, a field questionnaire survey was conducted with the children's guardians to ascertain the potential risk factors associated with deciduous dental caries...
June 19, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Susan M McCabe, Catherine Elliott, Katherine Langdon, Chris R Abbiss
The relationship between patterns of change in skin temperature and sleep is well recognized. In particular, there is a rapid rise in distal skin temperature (Tdistal ) and slower rise in proximal skin temperature (Tproximal ) prior to sleep onset. The difference between Tdistal and Tproximal is known as the distal-proximal gradient (DPG). Rise in DPG is known as a measure of distal vasodilation, which contributes to the drop in core body temperature (Tcore ) that is important to sleep onset and maintenance...
June 7, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Andrea S Anater, Diane J Catellier, Burton A Levine, Karol P Krotki, Emma F Jacquier, Alison L Eldridge, Katherine E Bronstein, Lisa J Harnack, Julia M Lorenzana Peasley, Anne C Lutes
Background: Diet and feeding patterns during the infant, toddler, and preschool years affect nutrient adequacy or excess during critical developmental periods. Understanding food consumption, feeding practices, and nutrient adequacy or excess during these periods is essential to establishing appropriate recommendations aimed at instilling healthy eating behaviors in children. Objective: The objective of the 2016 Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS 2016) was to update our knowledge on the diets and feeding patterns of young children and to provide new data in related areas such as feeding behaviors, sleep, physical activity, and screen use...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Belma Güngen, Ahmet Yildirim, Yeşim Guzey Aras, Bilgehan Atılgan Acar, Aysel Tekeşin, Ayse Burcu Ayaz
Background and purpose: Sleep disorders are common problems associated with migraine. These sleep disorders are known to have a debilitating impact on daily lives of migraine patients. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of sleep disorders experienced by individuals suffering from migraine on their children as well as the presence of sleep disorders in their children. Methods: This study included 96 mothers diagnosed with migraine and their 96 healthy children, and a control group formed of 74 healthy mothers and their children...
November 30, 2017: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Claudio Franceschi, Rita Ostan, Aurelia Santoro
Individuals capable of reaching the extreme limit of human life such as centenarians are characterized by an exceptionally healthy phenotype-that is, a low number of diseases, low blood pressure, optimal metabolic and endocrine parameters, and increased diversity in the gut microbiota-and they are epigenetically younger than their chronological age. We present data suggesting that such a remarkable phenotype is largely similar to that found in adults following a calorie-restricted diet. Interviews with centenarians and historical data on the nutritional and lifestyle habits of Italians during the twentieth century suggest that as children and into adulthood, centenarians lived in an environment that was nonobesogenic, but at the same time the environment did not produce malnutrition...
May 31, 2018: Annual Review of Nutrition
Marja-Liisa Gustafsson, Camilla Laaksonen, Minna Aromaa, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Sanna Salanterä
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic and recurrent pain is prevalent in adolescents and generally girls report more pain symptoms than boys. Also, pain symptoms and sleep problems often co-occur. Pain symptoms have negative effects on school achievement, emotional well-being, sleep, and overall health and well-being. For effective intervention and prevention there is a need for defining factors associated with pain symptoms and daytime sleepiness. The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate the prevalence and association between neck-shoulder pain, back pain, psychological symptoms and daytime sleepiness in 10-, 12- and 15-year-old children...
April 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Carolina Marpaung, Maurits K A van Selms, Frank Lobbezoo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of pain-related temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) among Indonesian children and adolescents, and to investigate which risk indicators are associated with it. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 1,800 questionnaires were distributed among pupils of schools in the greater Jakarta area. This was done for 2 samples: children with ages ranging from 7 to 12 years (parental report) and adolescents aged 13-18 years (self-report)...
May 21, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Qing-Hai Gong, Si-Xuan Li, Hui Li, Jun Cui, Guo-Zhang Xu
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and overweight/obesity among Chinese adolescents. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Chinese adolescents in 2016. In total, 2795 school-aged Chinese children aged 12 to 13 years participated in this study. Participants were asked to complete self-administered surveys during a 45-min class period in their classroom. Details of the questionnaire about health-related behaviors included sleep habits, physical activity, screen time, cigarette use, and alcohol use...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Harriet Hiscock, Jon Quach, Kate Paton, Rebecca Peat, Lisa Gold, Sarah Arnup, Kah-Ling Sia, Elizabeth Nicolaou, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Determine the effects and costs of a brief behavioral sleep intervention, previously shown to improve child social-emotional functioning, sleep, and parent mental health, in a translational trial. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred thirty-four school entrant children from 47 primary schools in Melbourne, Australia, with parent-reported moderate to severe behavioral sleep problems. METHODS: intervention group received sleep hygiene practices and standardized behavioral strategies delivered by trained school nurses in 2013 and 2014...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Ran Wu, Guang-Hai Wang, Hong Zhu, Fan Jiang, Chun-Lei Jiang
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to (1) provide data on normal sleep patterns in Chinese preschool children, (2) identify cross-cultural differences of sleep patterns among children from China and other countries, (3) estimate the prevalence of sleep duration not meeting the optimal amount, and (4) characterize delayed weekend sleep pattern. METHODS: A population-based sample of 1,610 children aged 3-6 years was recruited from 10 cities across China. Parents completed questions about their child's sleep patterns adapted from the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Pablo E Brockmann, Tobias Peters, Christian F Poets, Barbara Wilhelm, Veronika Weyer-Elberich, Michael S Urschitz
OBJECTIVES: Sleep problems are often assessed using questionnaires, but it is unclear whether the responses given are influenced by age and gender. We addressed this question in several widely used pediatric sleep questionnaires and provide age-dependent percentile curves. METHODS: Data of a community-based study in schoolchildren were reanalyzed (N = 163, 50% males, age 6-17 years). Children and their parents completed the Sleep-Related Breathing Disorder Scale (SRBDS) of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire, the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC), the Sleep Self Report (SSR) of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire in a long and short version, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale in a parent- (ESSp) and self-report version for children (ESSc), and the Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale (PDSS)...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Emily J Ricketts, Rebecca B Price, Greg J Siegle, Jennifer S Silk, Erika E Forbes, Cecile D Ladouceur, Allison G Harvey, Neal D Ryan, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin
BACKGROUND: Vigilant attention to threat is commonly observed in anxiety, undergoes developmental changes in early adolescence, and has been proposed to interfere with sleep initiation and maintenance. We present one of the first studies to use objective measures to examine associations between vigilant attention to threat and difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep in an early adolescent anxious sample. We also explore the moderating role of development (age, puberty) and sex. METHODS: Participants were 66 peripubertal youth (ages 9-14) with a primary anxiety disorder and 24 healthy control subjects...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Eun Hye Park, Min-Su Oh, Sorina Kim, Juyeon Lee, Ki Soo Kang
Purpose: For 3 consecutive years from 2012-2014, we analyzed the causative factors for why the Jeju Island had the highest obesity prevalences of school children among the 15 provinces in Korea. Methods: From our analysis of 28,026 elementary school children with obesity or normal weight in the 15 provinces, we analyzed 12 factors related to eating habits, exercise habits, lifestyle, and mental health. The differences between the obese and normal weight children were researched...
April 2018: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Chiara Pilotto, Eva Passone, Elisa Coassin, Silvia Birri, Ettore Bidoli, Giovanni Crichiutti, Paola Cogo, Maurizio Mascarin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the prevalence of sleep disorders (SD) between children treated for brain tumors and healthy children, and to define the type of SD. METHODS: A case-control study was performed from October 2014 to April 2015. Inclusion criteria were patients between 2 and 16 years with "cases" defined as children affected by central nervous system tumors at least 3 months after the end of treatment (surgery and/or radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy) at the time of evaluation and "controls" as healthy children...
April 26, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
A J Esbensen, E K Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems have an impact on executive functioning in the general population. While children with Down syndrome (DS) are at high risk for sleep problems, the impact of these sleep problems on executive functioning in school-age children with DS is less well documented. Our study examined the relationship between parent-reported and actigraphy-measured sleep duration and sleep quality with parent and teacher reports and neuropsychology assessments of executive functioning among school-age children with DS...
June 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Jon Genuneit, Pablo E Brockmann, Angelika A Schlarb, Dietrich Rothenbacher
BACKGROUND: Media use is increasingly becoming common in preschoolers and starting before the age of three years. While several studies have documented the effects of screen time on sleep duration in this age group, investigations including sleep quality are scarce and mainly cross-sectional. Moreover, they are limited by investigating sleep across broader age ranges or in older preschoolers, which may blur early effects and the ideal time for intervention. METHODS: The current study analyzed data from the Ulm SPATZ Health Study, a birth cohort study in which 1006 live newborns were recruited from the general population shortly after delivery at the University Medical Center Ulm, Southern Germany, from April 2012 to May 2013...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
Satomi Doi, Takeo Fujiwara, Manami Ochi, Aya Isumi, Tsuguhiko Kato
BACKGROUND: Childhood sleep habits are associated with mental health development; however, little is known about the impact of irregular bedtimes on the mental health of early school-aged children. The aims of this study were to examine the effect of weekday sleep habits (varying bedtimes depending on the night of the week and later than 22:00 h bedtime) on behavior problems, prosocial behavior, and resilience of children aged 6-7 years. METHODS: Data were taken from the Adachi Child Health Impact of Living Difficulty (A-CHILD) study, which involved the participation of 4291 caregivers of first-grade children (6-7 years old) living in Adachi City, Tokyo...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
Ramkumar Aishworiya, Jennifer Sh Kiing, Yiong Huak Chan, Serena Sw Tung, Evelyn Law
AIM: Children with developmental disabilities are at risk of excessive screen time and are more vulnerable to sleep problems. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of screen time use in children with developmental disabilities and its relationship with sleep duration. METHODS: Consecutive children aged 6-15 years diagnosed with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth or Fifth Edition (DSM-IV or DSM-5) developmental disabilities were recruited for this study from December 2014 to April 2015...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues, Rômulo Fernandes, Augusta Gama, Isabel Mourão, Helena Nogueira, Vítor Rosado-Marques, Cristina Padez
OBJECTIVES: The consequences of irregular sleep duration at younger ages remains uncertain, especially when we consider shorter and longer than recommended sleep durations. Therefore, the present study aimed to analyze the association between healthy sleep duration and risk of obesity in Portuguese children. METHODS: The sample for this cross-sectional study comprised 8273 children (4183 females) aged 6-9 years. Height and weight were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
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