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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680432/media-consumption-and-sleep-quality-in-early-childhood-results-from-the-ulm-spatz-health-study
#1
Jon Genuneit, Pablo E Brockmann, Angelika A Schlarb, Dietrich Rothenbacher
BACKGROUND: Media use is increasingly becoming common in preschoolers and starting before the age of three years. While several studies have documented the effects of screen time on sleep duration in this age group, investigations including sleep quality are scarce and mainly cross-sectional. Moreover, they are limited by investigating sleep across broader age ranges or in older preschoolers, which may blur early effects and the ideal time for intervention. METHODS: The current study analyzed data from the Ulm SPATZ Health Study, a birth cohort study in which 1006 live newborns were recruited from the general population shortly after delivery at the University Medical Center Ulm, Southern Germany, from April 2012 to May 2013...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680430/association-of-sleep-habits-with-behavior-problems-and-resilience-of-6-to-7-year-old-children-results-from-the-a-child-study
#2
Satomi Doi, Takeo Fujiwara, Manami Ochi, Aya Isumi, Tsuguhiko Kato
BACKGROUND: Childhood sleep habits are associated with mental health development; however, little is known about the impact of irregular bedtimes on the mental health of early school-aged children. The aims of this study were to examine the effect of weekday sleep habits (varying bedtimes depending on the night of the week and later than 22:00 h bedtime) on behavior problems, prosocial behavior, and resilience of children aged 6-7 years. METHODS: Data were taken from the Adachi Child Health Impact of Living Difficulty (A-CHILD) study, which involved the participation of 4291 caregivers of first-grade children (6-7 years old) living in Adachi City, Tokyo...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672990/screen-time-exposure-and-sleep-among-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#3
Ramkumar Aishworiya, Jennifer Sh Kiing, Yiong Huak Chan, Serena Sw Tung, Evelyn Law
AIM: Children with developmental disabilities are at risk of excessive screen time and are more vulnerable to sleep problems. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of screen time use in children with developmental disabilities and its relationship with sleep duration. METHODS: Consecutive children aged 6-15 years diagnosed with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth or Fifth Edition (DSM-IV or DSM-5) developmental disabilities were recruited for this study from December 2014 to April 2015...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624780/the-association-of-irregular-sleep-habits-with-the-risk-of-being-overweight-obese-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-children-aged-6-9-years
#4
Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues, Rômulo Fernandes, Augusta Gama, Isabel Mourão, Helena Nogueira, Vítor Rosado-Marques, Cristina Padez
OBJECTIVES: The consequences of irregular sleep duration at younger ages remains uncertain, especially when we consider shorter and longer than recommended sleep durations. Therefore, the present study aimed to analyze the association between healthy sleep duration and risk of obesity in Portuguese children. METHODS: The sample for this cross-sectional study comprised 8273 children (4183 females) aged 6-9 years. Height and weight were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610657/sleep-disturbances-are-associated-with-specific-sensory-sensitivities-in-children-with-autism
#5
Orna Tzischinsky, Gal Meiri, Liora Manelis, Asif Bar-Sinai, Hagit Flusser, Analya Michaelovski, Orit Zivan, Michal Ilan, Michal Faroy, Idan Menashe, Ilan Dinstein
Background: Sensory abnormalities and sleep disturbances are highly prevalent in children with autism, but the potential relationship between these two domains has rarely been explored. Understanding such relationships is important for identifying children with autism who exhibit more homogeneous symptoms. Methods: Here, we examined this relationship using the Caregiver Sensory Profile and the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire, which were completed by parents of 69 children with autism and 62 age-matched controls...
2018: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543749/the-relationship-between-obesity-sleep-and-physical-activity-in-chinese-preschool-children
#6
Meimei Ji, Amber Tang, Yefu Zhang, Jiaojiao Zou, Guangyu Zhou, Jing Deng, Lina Yang, Mingzhi Li, Jihua Chen, Hong Qin, Qian Lin
BACKGROUND: Pediatric overweight and obesity has become a major public health problem in China. The goal of this study is to understand overweight and obesity in preschool children in Changsha City in the context of their sleep and physical activity. These results offer feasible proposals to reduce levels of overweight and obesity among preschool children. METHODS: A total of 112 preschoolers aged three to six years old were investigated using multiple stage stratified cluster sampling and simple random sampling...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540864/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-extended-release-guanfacine-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-adhd-symptoms-an-analysis-of-secondary-outcome-measures
#7
Laura C Politte, Lawrence Scahill, Janet Figueroa, James T McCracken, Bryan King, Christopher J McDougle
In a prior report, we showed that extended-release guanfacine (GEXR) is safe and effective for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) accompanied by ADHD symptoms. Here, we examine the impact of GEXR on oppositional behavior, anxiety, repetitive behavior, and sleep disturbance. Sixty-two subjects with ASD (53 boys, 9 girls; ages 5-14 years) were randomly assigned to GEXR (n = 30) or placebo (n = 32) for 8 weeks. Outcomes include the Home Situation Questionnaire-Modified for ASD (HSQ-ASD), Anxiety scale of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory (CASI), Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale-Modified for ASD (CYBOCS-ASD), and Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ)...
February 27, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530371/exploring-sleep-quality-of-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-disruptive-behaviors
#8
Cynthia R Johnson, Tristram Smith, Alexandra DeMand, Luc Lecavalier, Victoria Evans, Matthew Gurka, Naomi Swiezy, Karen Bearss, Lawrence Scahill
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sleep disturbances in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are common and may impair daytime functioning as well as add to parental burden. In this well characterized sample of young children with ASD and disruptive behaviors, we examine the association of age and IQ in sleep disturbances using the Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire modified for ASD (CSHQ-ASD). We also test whether children with poor sleep have greater daytime behavioral problems than those with better sleep...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528702/moderating-effect-of-motor-proficiency-on-the-relationship-between-adhd-symptoms-and-sleep-problems-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-combined-type
#9
Nicole Papadopoulos, Vasileios Stavropoulos, Jennifer McGinley, Mark Bellgrove, Bruce Tonge, Anna Murphy, Kim Cornish, Nicole Rinehart
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: A high proportion of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder- Combined type (ADHD-CT) experience sleep and motor problems. This study investigated (a) whether motor proficiency moderated the relationship between ADHD symptoms and sleep problems in children with and without ADHD-CT and (b) whether this moderation differed as a function of ADHD diagnosis. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 70 primary school male children between 8-15 years were recruited; children with ADHD-CT (n = 38; mean age 10 years, 2 months [SD = 1 year, 6 months]) and a typically developing (TD) (n = 32; mean age 9 years, 6 months [SD = 1 year, 5 months]) group...
March 12, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527757/disturbed-sleep-and-activity-in-toddlers-with-early-signs-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#10
Anne-Katrine F Bundgaard, Jette Asmussen, Nadia S Pedersen, Niels Bilenberg
This study investigated whether early signs of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in toddlers aged 2-3 years are associated with disturbed sleep and activity levels. Participants were recruited from the Odense Child Cohort, and children scoring above the 93rd percentile on the ADHD scale of the Child Behaviour Checklist 1½-5 were categorised as cases and compared with age- and gender-matched normal-scoring controls. Daytime and nocturnal activity for 24 children with ADHD traits (cases) and 25 healthy controls was assessed through 7 days of actigraphy, and parents completed the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) and the ADHD Rating Scale IV Preschool Version (ADHD-RS)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513391/association-between-lifestyle-and-overall-health-in-high-school-children-results-from-the-toyama-birth-cohort-study-japan
#11
Weixiu Li, Michikazu Sekine, Masaaki Yamada, Yuko Fujimura, Takashi Tatsuse
BACKGROUND: To investigate the relationship between lifestyle and overall health in high school children. METHODS: Subjects were from the Toyama Birth Cohort Study, a prospective, longitudinal study of children who were born between 1989 and 1990, lived in Toyama Prefecture, Japan, at the time of the survey. This investigation used data from Phase 5 of the Birth Cohort Study, which was conducted in 2005, when the children were in high school. Participants included 4966 children (2449 boys and 2517 girls) aged 15-16 years old...
March 7, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502749/youth-screen-media-habits-and-sleep-sleep-friendly-screen-behavior-recommendations-for-clinicians-educators-and-parents
#12
REVIEW
Lauren Hale, Gregory W Kirschen, Monique K LeBourgeois, Michael Gradisar, Michelle M Garrison, Hawley Montgomery-Downs, Howard Kirschen, Susan M McHale, Anne-Marie Chang, Orfeu M Buxton
With the widespread use of portable electronic devices and the normalization of screen media devices in the bedroom, insufficient sleep has become commonplace. In a recent literature review, 90% of included studies found an association between screen media use and delayed bedtime and/or decreased total sleep time. This pervasive phenomenon of pediatric sleep loss has widespread implications. There is a need for basic, translational, and clinical research examining the effects of screen media on sleep loss and health consequences in children and adolescents to educate and motivate clinicians, teachers, parents and youth themselves to foster healthy sleep habits...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502745/inattention-to-problematic-media-use-habits-interaction-between-digital-media-use-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Tolga Atilla Ceranoglu
As digital media (DM) access among youths continues to surge, caregivers and clinicians are concerned about problems associated with its excessive use. Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an increased risk of experiencing negative effects on sleep, academic achievement, attention, and cognitive skills. ADHD symptom severity and circumstances of DM access are among the factors that mediate these negative effects. Key interventions for parents and clinicians to assist youths with problematic DM habits and opportunities for advocacy groups and the DM industry for public health interventions are discussed...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500758/modification-of-the-children-s-sleep-habits-questionnaire-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Terry Katz, Amy M Shui, Cynthia R Johnson, Amanda L Richdale, Ann M Reynolds, Lawrence Scahill, Beth A Malow
Sleep problems are common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and adversely impact daytime functioning. Although no questionnaires have been developed to assess sleep in children with ASD, the 33-item Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) is widely used in this population. We examined the factor structure of the CSHQ in 2872 children (age 4-10 years) enrolled in the Autism Treatment Network. A four-factor solution (Sleep Initiation and Duration, Sleep Anxiety/Co-Sleeping, Night Waking/Parasomnias, and Daytime Alertness) with 5-6 items per factor explained 75% of the total variation...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500462/poor-dietary-habits-in-greek-schoolchildren-are-strongly-associated-with-screen-time-results-from-the-eyzhn-national-action-for-children-s-health-program
#15
Konstantinos D Tambalis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Ioanna Moraiti, Glykeria Psarra, Labros S Sidossis
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To investigate adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and the relationship between MD and lifestyle factors in a representative sample of Greek school children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The data derived from 232,401 (51% boys) children aged 8 to 17 years old who participated in a health survey (2015). Physical fitness (PF) and anthropometric estimations were obtained by trained investigators. Physical activity (PA) status, sedentary activities and sleeping hours were assessed through self-completed questionnaires...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482820/night-waking-and-behavior-in-preschoolers-a-developmental-trajectory-approach
#16
Eve Reynaud, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Marie-Aline Charles, Sabine Plancoulaine
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study, with a developmental approach, the longitudinal association between night-waking from age 2 to 5-6 years and behavior at age 5-6 years. METHODS: Within the French birth cohort study Etude sur les Déterminants pré et post natals du développement et de la santé de l'ENfant (EDEN), repeated measures of children's night-waking were collected at age 2, 3 and 5-6 through parental questionnaires and were used to model night-waking trajectories...
March 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458356/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-their-associations-with-sleep-schedules-and-sleep-related-problems-among-preschoolers-in-mainland-china
#17
Hui Cao, Shuangqin Yan, Chunli Gu, Sumei Wang, Lingling Ni, Huihui Tao, Ting Shao, Yeqing Xu, Fangbiao Tao
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among children is an increasing public health concern. The identification of behavioral risk factors, including sleep quality, has important public health implications for prioritizing behavioral intervention strategies for ADHD. Herein, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of high levels of ADHD symptoms and to explore the association between sleep schedules, sleep-related problems and ADHD symptoms among preschoolers aged 3 to 6 years in mainland China...
February 19, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455855/impact-of-degree-of-obesity-on-sleep-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-youth
#18
Brandi N Whitaker, Paige L Fisher, Supriya Jambhekar, Gulnur Com, Samiya Razzaq, Julia E Thompson, Todd G Nick, Wendy L Ward
OBJECTIVE: Obese youth are more likely to report difficulties with sleep, depression, and quality of life (QOL). This study aims to characterize sleep problems, QOL, and symptoms of depression by degree of obesity. METHOD: The cross-sectional study was conducted in a specialized obesity clinic. Obese youth and their caregivers (N = 150) were evaluated with the Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire and Pediatric Quality of Life. Youth completed the Children's Depression Inventory...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430839/effects-of-l-carnosine-supplementation-on-sleep-disorders-and-disease-severity-in-autistic-children-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
Zahra Mehrazad-Saber, Sorayya Kheirouri, Seyyed-Gholamreza Noorazar
Sleep disorders are frequently reported in autistic patients. Evidences suggest that increased oxidative stress and reduced antioxidants may play a major role in the pathogenesis of these disorders. Carnosine acts as an antioxidant, antitoxic and neuroprotective agent. The aim of this trial study was to examine the effects of carnosine supplementation on the sleep disorders and severity of autism core symptoms in autistic patients. In this double-blind, randomized clinical trial, 43 autistic patients (31 boys and 12 girls; aged 4 to 16 years) were divided into two groups of carnosine and control that received 500 mg of carnosine and 500 mg of placebo per day for two months, respectively...
February 11, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425580/japanese-sleep-questionnaire-for-elementary-schoolers-jsq-es-validation-and-population-based-score-distribution
#20
Ayano Kuwada, Ikuko Mohri, Ryosuke Asano, Shigeyuki Matsuzawa, Kumi Kato-Nishimura, Ikuko Hirata, Takashi Mitsuhosi, Kuriko Kagitani-Shimono, Mariko Nakanishi, Masaya Tachibana, Yuko Ohno, Masako Taniike
OBJECTIVE: The Japanese Sleep Questionnaire for Elementary Schoolers (JSQ-ES) was developed to measure the sleep habits and disturbances of Japanese children. The current study aimed to present psychometric properties and describe the score distribution of the JSQ-ES. In addition, it examined correlations between the sleep and daytime behavior of school-aged children. METHOD: Guardians of 4369 elementary school children and 100 children diagnosed with sleep disorders in two clinics completed the JSQ-ES...
January 2018: Sleep Medicine
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