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Sleep habits children

Judith Owens, Margaret Weiss, Earl Nordbrock, Greg Mattingly, Sharon Wigal, Laurence L Greenhill, Wei-Wei Chang, Ann Childress, Robert J Kupper, Akwete Adjei
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate measures of sleep (exploratory endpoints) in two pivotal studies of a multilayer bead extended-release methylphenidate (MPH-MLR) treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children. METHODS: Study 1 evaluated the time course of response to MPH-MLR (n = 26) patients in an analog classroom setting through four phases: screening (≤28 days), open label (OL) dose optimization (4 weeks), double-blind (DB) crossover (2 weeks; placebo vs...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Mohammad K A Khan, Erin L Faught, Yen Li Chu, John P Ekwaru, Kate E Storey, Paul J Veugelers
Both diet quality and sleep duration of children have declined in the past decades. Several studies have suggested that diet and sleep are associated; however, it is not established which aspects of the diet are responsible for this association. Is it nutrients, food items, diet quality or eating behaviours? We surveyed 2261 grade 5 children on their dietary intake and eating behaviours, and their parents on their sleep duration and sleep quality. We performed factor analysis to identify and quantify the essential factors among 57 nutrients, 132 food items and 19 eating behaviours...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
M Merino-Andreu, A Alvarez-Ruiz de Larrinaga, J A Madrid-Perez, M A Martinez-Martinez, F J Puertas-Cuesta, A J Asencio-Guerra, O Romero Santo-Tomas, M J Jurado-Luque, F J Segarra-Isern, T Canet-Sanz, P Gimenez-Rodriguez, J Teran-Santos, M L Alonso-Alvarez, D Garcia-Borreguero Diaz-Varela, B Barriuso-Esteban
One of the main objectives of the Spanish Sleep Society is to promote healthy sleep in both the general population and in health professionals. This document aims to conduct a review of the current scientific literature on sleep habits that can serve as the basis on which to establish a set of general recommendations, regarding healthy sleep, for use by the general population in Spain as well as to identify the main challenges faced by research into sleep habits. The document has been developed by a multidisciplinary team made up of members of the Spanish Sleep Society who are experts in paediatric sleep medicine, clinical neurophysiology, pulmonology, neurology, chronobiology, physiology and psychology...
October 3, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
Kelly C Byars, Stacey L Simon, James Peugh, Dean W Beebe
OBJECTIVES : Evaluate psychometric properties of the Pediatric Insomnia Severity Index (PISI), a brief measure of insomnia severity.  METHODS:  Clinically referred youth (n = 462; 283 males, 179 females, mean age = 7.28 ± 2.05 years) and their caregiver(s) completed sleep evaluation including the PISI, Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire, and sleep disorders inventory for students. Tests of reliability and validity and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted to assess PISI psychometric properties...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
M F Bastida-Pozuelo, M M Sánchez-Ortuño
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Paediatric sleep problems are clinical conditions that often coexist with other mental health problems and meet criteria that warrant the implementation of screening procedures, including high prevalence, and significant clinical impact. Researchers have designed the BEARS, a user-friendly paediatric sleep screening tool that seems to increase the amount of sleep information recorded, as well as the likelihood of identifying sleep problems during routine health encounters...
October 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
M Roze, S Vandentorren, C Vuillermoz, P Chauvin, M Melchior
PURPOSE: Children growing up in homeless families are disproportionately more likely to experience health and psychological problems. Our objective was to describe social, environmental, individual and family characteristics associated with emotional and behavioral difficulties among homeless children living in the Paris region. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews with a representative sample of homeless families were conducted by bilingual psychologists and interviewers between January and May 2013 (n=343 children ages 4-13 years)...
October 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Giti Ozgoli, Zohre Sheikhan, Farin Soleimani, Malihe Nasiri, Saba Amiri
BACKGROUND: Sleep patterns may change over a person's lifetime; however, the quantity and quality of sleep always depend on individual factors such as age, sex, and psychological and environmental factors. In children, sleep is as important as development. Quantitative sleep problems related to sleep onset and qualitative sleep disorders such as frequent awakenings may lead to insufficient sleep. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of sleep disorders among children 4 - 6 years old attending the health centers of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, in 2013...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Katherine H Peppers, Shelly Eisbach, Sarah Atkins, James M Poole, Anne Derouin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a sleep hygiene education module and prescriptive sleep routine for children ages 5 through 11 years with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: The 20-week pilot project used a pre-/posttest design to assess sleep and ADHD symptoms. The Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CHSQ) and Vanderbilt Assessment Scale-Parent Form survey were provided to assess sleep and ADHD behaviors of participants at baseline and 6 weeks after implementation of the sleep hygiene routine...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Claudia Restrepo, Daniele Manfredini, Eduardo Castrillon, Peter Svensson, Adriana Santamaria, Claudia Alvarez, Ruben Manrique, Frank Lobbezoo
BACKGROUND: Polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard for sleep bruxism (SB) diagnosis. PSG/SB children's criteria are not available; thus, parental-report SB is widely used. AIM: Assessing the diagnostic accuracy of parental report of sleep tooth grinding (STG) with a PSG/SB diagnosis in children, adopting adult criteria. DESIGN: Thirty-seven children from clinics of Universidad CES were included. Parents filled the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) assessing the single-observation report - CSHQ - of STG with a No/Yes answer and five ordinal answers...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Cindy B Dodds, Kristie F Bjornson, Jane K Sweeney, Unni G Narayanan
PURPOSE: To study the impact of a 5-week supported physical activity (PA) intervention on parental report of sleep qualities, sleep duration, and pain severity in children with medical complexity (CMC). METHODS: Twenty-nine CMC participated in 180 minutes of daily supported PA on weekdays over 5 weeks. A pre- and post-test design was used to collect sleep qualities (Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire) and pain severity (Faces Pain Scale- Revised) as reported by parents...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
M Urrutia-Pereira, D Solé, H J Chong Neto, V Acosta, A M Cepeda, M Álvarez-Castelló, C F Almendarez, J Lozano-Saenz, J C Sisul-Alvariza, N A Rosario, A J Castillo, M Valentin-Rostan, H Badellino, R L Castro-Almarales, M González-León, C Sanchez-Silot, M M Avalos, C Fernandez, F Berroa, M M De la Cruz, R O S Sarni
BACKGROUND: Asthma and/or allergic rhinitis have been associated with sleep disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate sleep disorders in Latin-American children (4-10 years) from nine countries, with persistent asthma (A) and/or allergic rhinitis (AR) and in normal controls (C). METHODS: Parents from 454 C children and 700 A and/or AR children followed up in allergy reference clinics completed the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) which is a retrospective one-week questionnaire composed of 33 questions composed of seven subscales (bedtime resistance, sleep duration, sleep anxiety, night wakings, parasomnias, sleep-disordered breathing and daytime sleepiness)...
September 1, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Diane Muller, Leigh Signal, Dawn Elder, Philippa Gander
AIM: To collect objective and subjective sleep data on 6- to 8-year-old children across the week and to identify factors within the family environment associated with sleep differences. METHODS: Data were collected (n = 52) using actigraphy and diaries for 7 consecutive days and nights and a questionnaire incorporating the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire was completed by parents. RESULTS: Children's actigraphic sleep periods averaged 10 h on school nights and 9...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Karen A Bonuck, Arthur Blank, Barbara True-Felt, Ronald Chervin
Inadequate or poor quality sleep in early childhood impairs social-emotional and cognitive function via effects on the developing brain and increases obesity risk via hormonal and endocrine effects. The prevalence of short sleep duration, behavioral sleep problems, and sleep-disordered breathing among children aged 3 to 5 years is 20% to 50%. Healthy sleep habits increase sleep duration and prevent behavioral sleep problems. Awareness of sleep-disordered breathing symptoms leads to its timely treatment. We designed a study that aims to empower families whose children are in early childhood programs with the knowledge and skills needed to obtain healthy sleep and to recognize a sleep problem...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Irwanto, Nancy Margarita Rehatta, Sri Hartini, Satoshi Takada
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems are associated with problems of cognitive functioning, learning, attention and school performance. It has been found that sleep problems are highly prevalent in children with Autistic spectrum disorders (ASD), with rates ranging from 40% to 80%. We aimed to identify the prevalence of sleep problems on children with ASD in Indonesia and Japan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Surabaya, Indonesia and Kobe, Japan. Children aged 4 -10 years old were enrolled using stratified cluster sampling...
2016: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo
Obesity is a major public health problem, which is associated with physical, psychological and social problems. The prevalence in children and adolescents has increased dramatically in developed countries and economies in transition in recent decades. It is more common in population groups with lower educational and socioeconomic status. The increase has been attributed to changes in eating habits, with higher consumption of highly processed energy dense foods and low consumption of fruits and vegetables. It has also been associated with low levels of physical activities and with sedentary lifestyles...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Mads F Hjorth, Louise B Sørensen, Rikke Andersen, Camilla B Dyssegaard, Christian Ritz, Inge Tetens, Kim F Michaelsen, Arne Astrup, Niels Egelund, Anders Sjödin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Aside from the health consequences, observational studies indicate that being overweight may also negatively affect cognitive function. However, existing evidence has to a large extent not controlled for the possible confounding effect of having different lifestyles. Therefore, the objective was to examine the independent associations between weight status and lifestyle indicators with cognitive performance in 8-11year old Danish children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The analyses included 828 children (measured in 2011-2012) each having one to three measurement occasions separated by approximately 100days...
October 15, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Luci Wiggs, Masako Sparrowhawk, Anna L Barnett
BACKGROUND: Impaired sleep is associated with negative effects on quality of life and daytime functioning. Higher rates of sleep disturbance are reported in children with various developmental disorders. However, little is known about sleep in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD), a condition characterized by everyday movement difficulties. Previously, in a preliminary study, we found higher rates of parent-reported sleep disturbance in children with DCD compared to controls...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Gonzalo Pin Arboledas, Víctor Soto Insuga, María José Jurado Luque, Cleofe Fernandez Gomariz, Inés Hidalgo Vicario, Amalia Lluch Rosello, Pedro José Rodríguez Hernández, Juan Antonio Madrid
Insomnia is very common during childhood (30% of children under 5), and causes a serious cognitive and emotional consequence in learning, as well as significant medical comorbidity. It also affects the quality of life, not only of the child, but also of the whole family. Paediatrician training in its diagnosis and treatment is usually poor. For this reason a consensus document is presented on the management of insomnia in children and adolescents. This has been developed by members of the Spanish Paediatrics Association, the Spanish Sleep Society, the Spanish Society of Paediatric Outpatient and Primary Care, the Spanish Adolescent Medicine Society, the Spanish Child and Adolescent Society, and the Spanish Paediatric Neurology Society...
July 27, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
A J Esbensen, E K Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Behavioural sleep disturbances are common among children with Down syndrome (DS). However, tools used to detect and evaluate behavioural sleep disturbances were developed for typically developing children and have not been evaluated for use among children with DS. The current study evaluates the psychometric properties of three measures of behavioural sleep disturbances that are currently being used with children with intellectual and developmental disabilities, including children with DS...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Rosario Vélez-Galarraga, Francisco Guillén-Grima, Nerea Crespo-Eguílaz, Rocío Sánchez-Carpintero
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of sleep disorders in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and in a control population. To examine the relationship between sleep disorders and symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity/impulsiveness and executive dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 126 children with ADHD and 1036 control children aged between 5 and 18 years old. Caregivers completed the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire and the ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS)...
November 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
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