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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522333/development-of-qsars-for-parameterizing-physiology-based-toxicokinetic-models
#1
Dimosthenis Α Sarigiannis, Krystalia Papadaki, Periklis Kontoroupis, Spyros P Karakitsios
A Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR) model was developed in order to predict physicochemical and biochemical properties of industrial chemicals of various groups. This model was based on the solvation equation, originally proposed by Abraham. In this work Abraham's solvation model got parameterized using artificial intelligence techniques such as artificial neural networks (ANNs) for the prediction of partitioning into kidney, heart, adipose, liver, muscle, brain and lung for the estimation of the bodyweight-normalized maximal metabolic velocity (Vmax) and the Michaelis - Menten constant (Km)...
May 15, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520670/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-novel-predictor-of-outcome-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Weiqiang Chen, Jinhua Yang, Bingbing Li, Guoyi Peng, Tianfei Li, Lianjie Li, Shousen Wang
OBJECTIVE: The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been reported to be a predictor of outcome in critical illness. Objective of this study was to investigate the changes of the NLR in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and analyze the relationship between the NLR and TBI outcome. SETTING: China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 855 patients with severe TBI from January 2007 to April 2012. DESIGN: Retrospective...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516153/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-nlr-at-the-time-of-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor-a-large-retrospective-study-and-analysis-of-racial-differences
#3
Ngii N Tazeh, Daniel J Canter, Shivashankar Damodaran, Timothy Rushmer, Kyle A Richards, E Jason Abel, David F Jarrard, Tracy M Downs
Introduction: Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is an indicator of systemic inflammation and has been proven to be associated with an increased risk of extravesical disease, decreased cancer specific survival and overall survival in bladder cancer patients. A large proportion of healthy African Americans have a WBC count that is persistently lower than the normal range defined for individuals of European ancestry, this condition has been called "benign ethnic neutropenia". The purpose of our study was to determine if NLR was different in patients of African ancestry (AA) vs European ancestry (EA) across different tumor grades and stages at the time of transurethral resection of bladder tumor(s) (TURBT)...
April 27, 2017: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516117/reconstruction-of-the-mouse-inflammasome-system-in-hek293t-cells
#4
Hexin Shi, Anne Murray, Bruce Beutler
The NLRP3 (NLR family, Pyrin domain containing 3) inflammasome is a multiprotein complex comprised of NLRP3, pro-caspase-1, the adaptor protein apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC), and the protein kinase NIMA related kinase 7 (NEK7) (Shi et al., 2016; He et al., 2016; Schmid-Burgk et al., 2016). When cells are exposed to microbes and/or danger signals, the inflammasome assembles and serves as a platform for the activation of caspase-1. Caspase-1 activation promotes the processing and secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-18, and IL-33 as well as pyroptosis induction (Gross et al...
November 5, 2016: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515391/advanced-glycation-end-products-regulate-interleukin-1%C3%AE-production-in-human-placenta
#5
Kotomi Seno, Saoko Sase, Ayae Ozeki, Hironori Takahashi, Akihide Ohkuchi, Hirotada Suzuki, Shigeki Matsubara, Hisataka Iwata, Takehito Kuwayama, Koumei Shirasuna
Maternal obesity is a major risk factor for pregnancy complications, causing inflammatory cytokine release in the placenta, including interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, and IL-8. Pregnant women with obesity develop accelerated systemic and placental inflammation with elevated circulating advanced glycation end products (AGEs). IL-1β is a pivotal inflammatory cytokine associated with obesity and pregnancy complications, and its production is regulated by NLR family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514747/diagnostic-value-of-using-18f-fdg-pet-and-pet-ct-in-immunocompetent-patients-with-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Yaru Zou, Jianjing Tong, Haiyan Leng, Jingwei Jiang, Meng Pan, Zi Chen
BACKGROUND: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and PET/CT have become two of the most powerful tools for malignant lymphoma exploration, but their diagnostic role in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is still disputed. The purpose of our study is to identify the usefulness of 18F-FDG PET and PET/CT for detecting PCNSL. RESULTS: A total of 129 patients, obtained from eight eligible studies, were included for this systematic review and meta-analysis...
April 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514738/prognostic-value-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-upper-urinary-tract-and-bladder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Xintao Li, Xin Ma, Lu Tang, Baojun Wang, Luyao Chen, Fan Zhang, Xu Zhang
The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is an inflammation marker that has prognostic value for various tumors, but its prognostic value in urothelial carcinoma (UC) remains controversial. This meta-analysis investigated the prognostic value of NLR in UC. A systematic search was performed on PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and Embase for studies focusing on the association between NLR and clinical features or prognosis of UC and published until November 2016. Prognostic outcomes and clinical features were collected and analyzed...
April 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512326/accuracy-of-shear-wave-elastography-for-the-diagnosis-of-prostate-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#8
Liang Sang, Xue-Mei Wang, Dong-Yang Xu, Yun-Fei Cai
Many studies have established the high diagnostic accuracy of shear wave elastography (SWE) for the detection of prostate cancer (PCa); however, its utility remains a subject of debate. This meta-analysis sought to appraise the overall accuracy of SWE for the detection of PCa. A literature search of the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science and CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) databases was conducted. In all of the included studies, the diagnostic accuracy of SWE was compared with that of histopathology, which was used as a standard...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507567/performance-of-pfhrp2-versus-pldh-antigen-rapid-diagnostic-tests-for-the-detection-of-plasmodium-falciparum-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Bo Li, Zhiqiang Sun, Xiaohan Li, Xiaoxi Li, Han Wang, Weijiao Chen, Peng Chen, Mengran Qiao, Yuanli Mao
INTRODUCTION: There have been many inconsistent reports about the performance of histidine-rich protein 2 (HRP2) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) antigens as rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for the diagnosis of past Plasmodium falciparum infections. This meta-analysis was performed to determine the performance of pfHRP2 versus pLDH antigen RDTs in the detection of P. falciparum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After a systematic review of related studies, Meta-DiSc 1.4 software was used to calculate the pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR)...
April 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507179/elevated-expression-of-the-nlrp3-inflammasome-and-its-correlation-with-disease-activity-in-adult-onset-still-disease
#10
Chia-Wei Hsieh, Yi-Ming Chen, Chi-Chen Lin, Kuo-Tung Tang, Hsin-Hua Chen, Wei-Ting Hung, Kuo-Lung Lai, Der-Yuan Chen
OBJECTIVE: The dysregulation of the NLRP3 (NLR containing a pyrin domain) inflammasome is involved in autoinflammatory diseases. Adult-onset Still disease (AOSD) is regarded as an autoinflammatory disease. However, the pathogenic involvement of NLRP3 inflammasome in AOSD remains unclear and NLRP3 activators in AOSD are currently unknown. METHODS: The mRNA expression of NLRP3 inflammasome signaling in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 34 patients with AOSD and 14 healthy subjects was determined using quantitative-PCR (qPCR)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503236/impact-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-on-effects-of-targeted-therapy-for-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-patients-with-extrapulmonary-metastasis
#11
Jun Teishima, Shinya Ohara, Kousuke Sadahide, Shinsuke Fujii, Hiroyuki Kitano, Kohei Kobatake, Shunsuke Shinmei, Keisuke Hieda, Shogo Inoue, Tetsutaro Hayashi, Koji Mita, Akio Matsubara
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our present study was to investigate the impact of the pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on the antitumour effects of targeted agents in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). METHODS: The NLRs in 283 cases of molecular targeted therapy for mRCC were measured before starting the prescription of the molecular targeted agent. The significance of pretreatment NLR on the site of metastatic organs and on progression-free survival (PFS) in each case was analyzed...
May 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503068/a-retrospective-study-on-the-prognostic-value-of-preoperative-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-primary-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-esophagus
#12
Yan Wang, Jun Feng Liu
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing evidence that systemic inflammation influences the prognosis in patients with malignant tumors. The aim of this research was to investigate the prognostic value of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with primary small-cell carcinoma of the esophagus. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed 129 patients with primary small-cell carcinoma of the esophagus who underwent esophagectomy in The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University between January 2008 and December 2010...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502119/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-decreases-after-treatment-of-psoriasis-with-therapeutic-antibodies
#13
L Zhang, C Wiles, L R Martinez, G Han
Although neutrophils are a histologic hallmark of psoriasis, it is unclear whether neutrophils are simply effector cells or drive pathogenesis. A recent psoriasis study with murine models evaluated various chemokines, lipids, and cytokines proposing that neutrophils are key players in positive feedback loops perpetuating the disease.(1) Additionally, when neutrophils are depleted in pustular psoriasis, the disease drastically improves.(2) There is mounting evidence supporting the use of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as a marker of inflammation in active psoriasis...
May 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500616/significance-of-blood-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-for-prognostic-stratification-of-patients-with-gastroesophageal-junction-adenocarcinoma-in-the-era-of-the-8th-edition-of-the-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-ajcc8-staging
#14
Alicia-Marie Conway, Zena Salih, George Papaxoinis, Kimberly Fletcher, Jamie Weaver, Ana Patrao, Robert Noble, Sofia Stamatopoulou, Vikki Owen-Holt, Wasat Mansoor
The prognosis of patients with gastroesophageal junction (GOJ) adenocarcinoma depends mainly on the clinical staging, as described by the new AJCC8 (American Joint Committee on Cancer 8th edition). Evidence suggests that peripheral blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may be of prognostic significance in patients with upper gastrointestinal cancers. We examined the prognostic significance of NLR in the era of the new AJCC8 staging system. In this single-centre cohort study, retrospective data on patients with operable GOJ adenocarcinoma treated with perioperative chemotherapy were analysed...
June 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499273/inhibition-of-nlrp3-inflammasome-by-thioredoxin-interacting-protein-in-mouse-kupffer-cells-as-a-regulatory-mechanism-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-development
#15
Kun He, Xiwen Zhu, Yan Liu, Chunmu Miao, Tao Wang, Peizhi Li, Lei Zhao, Yaxi Chen, Junhua Gong, Can Cai, Jinzheng Li, Shengwei Li, Xiong Z Ruan, Jianping Gong
NOD-like receptor (NLR) NLRP3 inflammasome activation has been implicated in the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) from non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). It has been also shown that palmitic acid (PA) activates NLRP3 inflammasome and promotes interleukin-1β (IL-1β) secretion in Kupffer cells (KCs). However, the specific mechanism of the NLRP3 inflammasome activation is unclear. We studies the molecular mechanisms by investigating the roles of Thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) and NLRP3 on NAFLD development in patients, high-fat diet (HFD)-induced NAFL and methionine choline deficient (MCD) diet-induced NASH in wild type (WT), TXNIP-/- (thioredoxin-interacting protein) and NLRP3-/- mice, and isolated KCs...
April 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498842/prognostic-significance-and-predictors-of-the-system-inflammation-score-in-ovarian-clear-cell-carcinoma
#16
Hongwei Zhang, Jiaqi Lu, Yingying Lu, Jiayi Zhou, Zehua Wang, Haiou Liu, Congjian Xu
Chronic inflammation is a well-known epidemiologic factor of ovarian clear cell carcinomas (OCCC), but has an uncertain role in prognosis. We developed a systemic inflammation score (SIS) based on preoperative serum albumin and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for predicting progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in OCCC patients. A retrospective review was performed in 155 patients with OCCC undergoing primary debulking and chemotherapy at a single institute between 1995 and 2010. Cox regression models were fitted to analyze the effect of prognostic factors on PFS and OS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497933/scalp-block-for-glioblastoma-surgery-is-associated-with-lower-inflammatory-scores-and-improved-survival
#17
Lan Zheng, Katherine B Hagan, John Villarreal, Visesh Keerty, Jasper Chen, Juan P Cata
BACKGROUND: Regional anesthesia has anti-inflammatory effects. Recent studies suggest that regional anesthesia might improve the survival of patients with cancer. We hypothesized that the use of a scalp block (SB) during craniotomy for glioblastoma (GB) decreases the postoperative systemic and local inflammatory response and extend their survival. METHODS: This retrospective study included 119 patients with GB who underwent tumor resection. We divided patients into 2 groups based on the use of SB during surgery...
May 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497463/can-haematologic-parameters-be-used-for-differential-diagnosis-of-testicular-torsion-and-epididymitis
#18
A Bitkin, M Aydın, B C Özgür, L Irkilata, E Akgunes, Mevlut Keles, H Sarıcı, M K Atilla
A differential diagnosis of testicular torsion and epididymitis has serious importance for testicular health. In emergency conditions, if testicular torsion goes unnoticed and epididymo-orchitis is diagnosed, organ loss may occur. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of haematologic parameters for the diagnosis of both testicular torsion and epididymo-orchitis and for differential diagnosis of these two diseases. Patients were divided into three groups as those undergoing surgery for testicular torsion, those receiving medical treatment for epididymitis and a healthy control group...
May 12, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496093/prediction-of-new-onset-and-recurrent-atrial-fibrillation-by-complete-blood-count-tests-a-comprehensive-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#19
Alexander Weymann, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Anton Sabashnikov, Aron-Frederik Popov, Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini, Tong Liu, Mohammadreza Lotfaliani, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira Sá, William L L Baker, Senol Yavuz, Mohamed Zeriouh, Jae-Sik Jang, Hamidreza Dehghan, Lei Meng, Luca Testa, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Umberto Benedetto, Gary Tse, Luis Nombela-Franco, Pascal M Dohmen, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Cecilia Linde, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Gregg W Stone, Hugh Calkins, Integrated Meta-Analysis Of Cardiac Surgery And Cardiology-Group Imcsc-Group
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most critical and frequent arrhythmias precipitating morbidities and mortalities. The complete blood count (CBC) test is an important blood test in clinical practice and is routinely used in the workup of cardiovascular diseases. This systematic review with meta-analysis aimed to determine the strength of evidence for evaluating the association of hematological parameters in the CBC test with new-onset and recurrent AF. MATERIAL AND METHODS We conducted a meta-analysis of observational studies evaluating hematologic parameters in patients with new-onset AF and recurrent AF...
May 12, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494248/nlr-diversity-helpers-and-integrated-domains-making-sense-of-the-nlr-identity
#20
REVIEW
E Baggs, G Dagdas, K V Krasileva
Plant innate immunity relies on genetically predetermined repertoires of immune receptors to detect pathogens and trigger an effective immune response. A large proportion of these receptors are from the Nucletoide Binding Leucine Rich Repeat (NLR) gene family. As plants live longer than most pathogens, maintaining diversity of NLRs and deploying efficient 'pathogen traps' is necessary to withstand the evolutionary battle. In this review, we summarize the sources of diversity in NLR plant immune receptors giving an overview of genomic, regulatory as well as functional studies, including the latest concepts of NLR helpers and NLRs with integrated domains...
May 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
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