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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340094/nlrp2-is-a-suppressor-of-nf-%C3%A6-b-signaling-and-hla-c-expression-in-human-trophoblasts
#1
Tamara Tilburgs, Torsten B Meissner, Leonardo M R Ferreira, Arend Mulder, Kiran Musunuru, Junqiang Ye, Jack L Strominger
During human pregnancy, fetal extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) play a key role in the regulation of maternal T cell and NK cell responses. EVT display a unique combination of Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA); EVT do not express HLA-A and HLA-B, but do express HLA-C, HLA-E and HLA-G. The mechanisms establishing this unique HLA expression pattern have not been fully elucidated. The MHC class I and class II transcriptional activators NLRC5 and CIITA are expressed neither by EVT nor by the EVT model cell line JEG3, which has an MHC expression pattern identical to that of EVT...
March 7, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339318/predictors-for-lymph-nodes-involvement-in-low-risk-endometrial-cancer
#2
Yfat Kadan, Abdul Saied Calvino, Andrew Katz, Steven Katz, Richard G Moore
Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and BMI were examined as pre-operative predictors for lymph node metastases in patients with low-risk endometrial cancer. The study was a retrospective analysis of 534 endometrial cancer patients that underwent hysterectomy and lymph node dissection. Included subjects had a preoperative diagnosis of a grade 1 or 2 endometrioid carcinoma and no macroscopic extrauterine disease. We compared node-negative to node-positive patients to identify correlates of node-positive disease...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332000/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-dynamics-during-concurrent-chemo-radiotherapy-for-glioblastoma-is-an-independent-predictor-for-overall-survival
#3
Matthew Mason, Catherine Maurice, Mairead G McNamara, Minh Thi Tieu, Zarnie Lwin, Barbara-Ann Millar, Cynthia Menard, Normand Laperriere, Michael Milosevic, Eshetu G Atenafu, Warren Mason, Caroline Chung
Elevated neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may predict worse outcomes in cancer, including glioblastoma (GBM). This study assessed whether change in NLR during focal radiotherapy and concomitant temozolomide (RT-TMZ) provides further prognostic information. This was a retrospective review of patients treated with RT-TMZ for histologically confirmed GBM from January 2004 to September 2010. Variables assessed included age, ECOG performance status (PS), dexamethasone use and extent of surgery. Hematological results were collected at baseline, during and 4 weeks post RT-TMZ...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327953/final-overall-survival-analysis-for-the-phase-ii-record-3-study-of-first-line-everolimus-followed-by-sunitinib-versus-first-line-sunitinib-followed-by-everolimus-in-metastatic-rcc
#4
J J Knox, C H Barrios, T M Kim, T Cosgriff, V Srimuninnimit, K Pittman, R Sabbatini, S Y Rha, T W Flaig, R D Page, J T Beck, F Cheung, S Yadav, P Patel, L Geoffrois, J Niolat, N Berkowitz, M Marker, D Chen, R J Motzer
Background: RECORD-3 compared everolimus and sunitinib as first-line therapy, and the sequence of everolimus followed by sunitinib at progression compared with the opposite (standard) sequence in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). This final overall survival (OS) analysis evaluated mature data for secondary end points. Patients and Methods: : Patients received either first-line everolimus followed by second-line sunitinib at progression ( n =  238) or first-line sunitinib followed by second-line everolimus ( n =  233)...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327834/-performance-of-cognitive-brief-test-in-elderly-patients-with-dementia-in-advanced-stage-living-in-an-urban-community-of-lima-peru
#5
Nilton Custodio, Carlos Alva-Diaz, Yahaira Becerra-Becerra, Rosa Montesinos, David Lira, Eder Herrera-Pérez, Sheila Castro-Suárez, José Cuenca-Alfaro, Elizabeth Valeriano-Lorenzo
Objectives.: Evaluate the performance of clock drawing test- Manos versión (PDR-M) and Mini Mental State Examination -Peruvian version (MMSE) to detect dementia in a sample based on urban community of Lima, Peru. Materials and methods.: This study is a secondary analysis database, observational, analytical and cross-sectional, the gold standard was the clinical and the neuropsychological evaluations together. Performance testing individually and in combination were evaluated...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327679/c-reactive-protein-versus-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-in-differentiating-bacterial-and-non-bacterial-pneumonia-in-children
#6
E Gauchan, S Adhikari
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a leading cause of childhood mortality in a low resource country. Simple laboratory markers can help differentiate between bacterial and non-bacterial pneumonias for appropriate management. METHODS: In children aged one to 60 months with features of lower respiratory infection, C-reactive protein (CRP) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were used to differentiate between bacterial and non-bacterial pneumonias. The cutoff values for detecting bacterial pneumonias were evaluated by statistical tools...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322100/could-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-be-an-indicator-of-coronary-artery-disease-coronary-artery-ectasia-and-coronary-slow-flow
#7
Mücahid Yılmaz, Hasan Korkmaz, Mehmet Nail Bilen, Ökkeş Uku, Ertuğrul Kurtoğlu
Objective To determine whether neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) differed between patients with isolated coronary artery disease (CAD), isolated coronary artery ectasia (CAE), coronary slow flow and normal coronary anatomy. Methods Patients who underwent coronary angiography were consecutively enrolled into one of four groups: CAD, coronary slow flow, CAE and normal coronary anatomy. Results The CAD ( n = 40), coronary slow flow ( n = 40), and CAE ( n = 40) groups had similar NLRs (2.51 ± 0...
December 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321405/prognostic-significance-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-lymphocyte-to-monocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#8
Aiying Lu, Haifeng Li, Yuming Zheng, Minzhong Tang, Jun Li, Huihui Wu, Weiming Zhong, Jianquan Gao, Ningjiang Ou, Yonglin Cai
The peripheral blood neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR), and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been reported to correlate with the prognosis of many malignancies. This study evaluated the prognostic value of pretreatment NLR, LMR, and PLR in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). A retrospective analysis of clinical and pathological data of 140 NPC patients without distant metastasis during initial treatment was conducted to identify correlations between NLR, LMR, and PLR and clinicopathological features, overall survival, and progression-free survival...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318851/the-importance-of-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#9
Sinem Ozyilmaz, Ozgur Akgul, Huseyin Uyarel, Hamdi Pusuroglu, Mehmet Gul, Muhammet Hulusi Satilmisoglu, Ismail Bolat, Isa Ozyilmaz, Hakan Uçar, Aydin Yildirim, Ihsan Bakir
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have demonstrated the predictive value of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in many cardiovascular disorders. The aim of this study was to assess whether NLR is associated with echocardiographic or electrocardiographic parameters, or with predicted five-year risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD), in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS: This prospective observational study included 74 controls and 97 HCM patients...
March 17, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318352/the-role-of-nlrp3-casp1-in-inflammasome-mediated-neuroinflammation-and-autophagy-dysfunction-in-manganese-induced-hippocampal-dependent-impairment-of-learning-and-memory-ability
#10
Diya Wang, Jianbin Zhang, Wenkai Jiang, Zipeng Cao, Fang Zhao, Tongjian Cai, Michael Aschner, Wenjing Luo
Central nervous system (CNS) inflammation and autophagy dysfunction are known to be involved in the pathology of neurodegenerative diseases. Manganese (Mn), a neurotoxic metal, has the potential to induce microglia-mediated neuroinflammation as well as autophagy dysfunction. NLRP3 (NLR family, pyrin domain containing 3)- CASP1 (caspase 1) inflammasome-mediated neuroinflammation in microglia has specific relevance to neurological diseases. However, the mechanism driving these phenomena remains poorly understood...
February 27, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317171/combination-of-change-in-hematological-parameters-with-exercise-stress-test-to-predict-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Ahmet Korkmaz, Abdulkadir Yıldız, Pınar Türker Duyuler, Serkan Duyuler, Samet Yılmaz, Funda Basyigit, Ozgul Ucar Elalmis, Umit Guray, Mehmet Ileri
OBJECTIVE: Treadmill exercise stress testing for identifying patients with a higher likelihood of coronary artery disease (CAD) before elective coronary angiography is recommended in the current guidelines. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the changes in the hematological parameters before and after exercise stress test in relation with the presence of CAD. METHODS: A total of 113 patients with chest pain who underwent treadmill exercise testing and coronary angiography were included in this study...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316378/high-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-cardiovascular-mortality-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#12
Han Li, Xiangxue Lu, Ruifang Xiong, Shixiang Wang
The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a novel simple biomarker of inflammation. It has emerged as a predictor of poor prognosis in cancer and cardiovascular disease in general population. But little was known of its prognostic value in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. Here we investigated the association between NLR and cardiovascular risk markers, including increased pulse pressure (PP), left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and intima-media thickness (IMT), and mortality in HD patients. Two hundred and sixty-eight HD patients were enrolled in this study and were followed for 36 months...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316215/-effect-of-preoperative-monocyte-lymphocyte-ratio-on-prognosis-of-patients-with-resectable-esophagogastric-junction-cancer
#13
W J Zhou, J Wu, X D Li, Q Wang, X F Ni, J T Jiang, M Ji, C P Wu
Objective: To investigate the associations between various blood test parameters including MLR (monocyte-lymphocyte ratio) and prognosis in post-operative esophagogastric junction cancer patients. Methods: We retrospectively studied the preoperative and postoperative data of 309 patients who underwent radical surgery for esophagogastric junction cancer. The relationship between MLR, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed. Results: The cutoff values of MLR、NLR and PLR were 0...
March 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315180/inflammation-based-indexes-and-clinicopathologic-features-are-strong-predictive-values-of-preoperative-circulating-tumor-cell-detection-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#14
L Zheng, K Zou, C Yang, F Chen, T Guo, B Xiong
PURPOSE: Circulating tumor cell (CTC) count and the host inflammatory response are two independent predictors for patients with various malignant disease. Several inflammation-based indicators have been demonstrated to have prognostic value in many malignant solid tumors, including systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and prognostic nutrition index (PNI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of the inflammation-based indexes including SII, NLR PLR, and PNI for CTC detection of gastric cancer patients before surgery...
March 17, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314318/systemic-inflammatory-response-after-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-can-affect-oncologic-outcomes-in-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer
#15
In Hee Lee, Soyoon Hwang, Soo Jung Lee, Byung Woog Kang, Dongwon Baek, Hye Jin Kim, Su Yeon Park, Jun Seok Park, Gyu Seog Choi, Jae Chul Kim, Seung Hyun Cho, Jong Gwang Kim
AIM: Systemic inflammatory response (SIR) has been reported to be an important determinant of disease progression and survival in patients with colorectal cancer. This study investigated the prognostic relevance of changes in the platelet count on survival and the predictive value of changes in platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on the pathological tumor response to preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC)...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306706/assessment-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-atopic-dermatitis-patients
#16
Ying Jiang, Wencong Ma
BACKGROUND To develop new strategies for identifying atopic dermatitis patients, a better understanding of the signs for chronic inflammatory status is needed. This study was designed to investigate whether neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are related to the severity of atopic dermatitis (AD) assessed by the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective study involving 80 AD patients and 45 healthy control subjects was performed. NLR, PLR, and the number of peripheral blood eosinophils were compared between AD patients and healthy controls, and correlations between these indexes and clinical characteristics were analyzed...
March 17, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303662/mean-platelets-volume-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-predictors-of-stroke
#17
Raymond Farah, Nava Samra
BACKGROUND: Mean platelets volume (MPV) is a marker, which indicates platelet function, and is a potential link between inflammation and thrombosis. Previous studies have found a relation between high MPV levels and high risk of stroke. Another factor that has been associated with the risk of stroke is neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR). Several studies have reported an association between increased NLR and increased risk of cerebrovascular disease. It was found that NLR levels have a relation to the prognosis as well...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303443/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-early-penile-prosthesis-implant-infection
#18
Deniz Bolat, Yusuf Kadir Topcu, Ozgu Aydogdu, Suleyman Minareci, Cetin Dincel
PURPOSE: To investigate the predictive value of preoperative serum neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on the development of postoperative infections in patients undergoing penile prosthesis implantation (PPI). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 361 patients who underwent PPI over a 4-year period with at least 1-year follow-up. Demographics, blood results, and postoperative 1-year complications were recorded. Recommended cutoff values of NLR for early postoperative infectious complications were determined using receiver operating characteristic analysis...
March 16, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303429/elevated-blood-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-a-readily-available-biomarker-associated-with-death-due-to-disease-in-high-risk-nonmetastatic-melanoma
#19
Jeremy L Davis, Russell C Langan, Katherine S Panageas, Junting Zheng, Michael A Postow, Mary S Brady, Charlotte Ariyan, Daniel G Coit
BACKGROUND: Elevated peripheral blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is associated with poor oncologic outcomes in patients with stage IV melanoma and other solid tumors, but its impact has not been characterized for patients with high-risk, nonmetastatic melanoma. METHODS: Retrospective review of a melanoma database identified patients with high-risk melanoma who underwent operation with curative intent at a single institution. NLR was calculated from blood samples obtained within 2 weeks before operation...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301543/inflammation-biomarkers-in-blood-as-mortality-predictors-in-community-acquired-pneumonia-admitted-patients-importance-of-comparison-with-neutrophil-count-percentage-or-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio
#20
Jose Curbelo, Sergio Luquero Bueno, José María Galván-Román, Mara Ortega-Gómez, Olga Rajas, Guillermo Fernández-Jiménez, Lorena Vega-Piris, Francisco Rodríguez-Salvanes, Belén Arnalich, Ana Díaz, Ramón Costa, Hortensia de la Fuente, Ángel Lancho, Carmen Suárez, Julio Ancochea, Javier Aspa
INTRODUCTION: The increase and persistence of inflammation in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients can lead to higher mortality. Biomarkers capable of measuring this inadequate inflammatory response are likely candidates to be related with a bad outcome. We investigated the association between concentrations of several inflammatory markers and mortality of CAP patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of hospitalised CAP patients in a Spanish university hospital...
2017: PloS One
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