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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240656/hospital-acquired-pressure-injury-risk-adjusted-comparisons-in-an-integrated-healthcare-delivery-system
#1
June Rondinelli, Stephen Zuniga, Patricia Kipnis, Lina Najib Kawar, Vincent Liu, Gabriel J Escobar
BACKGROUND: Although healthcare organizations have decreased hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) rates, HAPIs are not eliminated, driving further examination in both nursing and health services research. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to describe HAPI incidence, risk factors, and risk-adjusted hospital variation within a California integrated healthcare system. METHODS: Inpatient episodes were included in this retrospective cohort if patients were hospitalized between January 1, 2013, and June 30, 2015...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240573/making-wise-choices-in-health-provision-initial-exploration-of-nurse-perceptions-in-israel
#2
Moriah E Ellen, Einav Horowitz
Overuse of health services drives up costs while affecting quality of care. It can also harm patients physically and psychologically through invoking duplicate testing, unnecessary procedures, and psychological stress. The purpose of this study was to understand nurses' perceptions of health care overuse. Nurses perceived that physicians' main considerations when ordering tests are to get additional data to strengthen the diagnosis and "just to be safe." Fear of litigation and patients' desires were important factors...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237201/implementation-of-a-checklist-before-colonoscopy-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#3
Omar Kherad, Sophie Restellini, Charles Ménard, Myriam Martel, Alan Barkun
Background and study aims Checklists can prevent errors and have a positive impact on patient morbidity and mortality in different surgical settings, and possibly also in gastrointestinal endoscopy. The aims of this study were to reinforce commitment in safety culture and better communication among team members in endoscopy, and to prove the feasibility of successful checklist adoption before colonoscopy. Patients and methods The study involved a pre - post quality improvement intervention involving all consecutive patients undergoing a colonoscopy at a single academic endoscopy unit...
December 13, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236524/the-impact-of-the-professional-qualifications-of-the-prenatal-care-provider-on-breastfeeding-duration
#4
Jordyn T Wallenborn, Juan Lu, Robert A Perera, David C Wheeler, Saba W Masho
BACKGROUND: A prenatal commitment to breastfeed is a strong predictor for breastfeeding success. Prenatal care providers have the opportunity to educate and promote breastfeeding. However, differences in education and training between healthcare providers such as physicians and midwives may result in differing breastfeeding outcomes. This study explores whether breastfeeding initiation and duration differ by prenatal care provider. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Longitudinal data from the Infant Feeding Practices Survey II were analyzed (N = 2,832 women)...
December 13, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236094/hospital-perceptions-of-medicare-s-sepsis-quality-reporting-initiative
#5
Ian J Barbash, Kimberly J Rak, Courtney C Kuza, Jeremy M Kahn
BACKGROUND: In October 2015, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) implemented the Sepsis CMS Core Measure (SEP-1) program, requiring hospitals to report data on the quality of care for their patients with sepsis. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand hospital perceptions of and responses to the SEP-1 program. DESIGN: A thematic content analysis of semistructured interviews with hospital quality officials. SETTING: A stratified random sample of short-stay, nonfederal, general acute care hospitals in the United States...
December 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235986/managing-diabetes-in-people-with-dementia-a-realist-review
#6
Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman, Peter Reece Jones, Bridget Russell, Daksha Trivedi, Alan Sinclair, Antony Bayer, Greta Rait, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Chris Burton
BACKGROUND: Dementia and diabetes mellitus are common long-term conditions that coexist in a large number of older people. People living with dementia and diabetes may be at increased risk of complications such as hypoglycaemic episodes because they are less able to manage their diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To identify the key features or mechanisms of programmes that aim to improve the management of diabetes in people with dementia and to identify areas needing further research...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235965/philosophical-issues-and-nursing-science
#7
Pamela G Reed
The author of this article introduces a new column that will explore philosophical issues of concern to nurse scientists. In this initial column, I review the general terrain of philosophy in nursing science and explore some philosophical issues relevant to theory development. One conclusion is that inquiry into philosophical issues may help expand our repertoire of conceptual tools useful in building scientific knowledge and facilitating theoretical progress.
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235944/experience-of-touch-in-health-care-a-meta-ethnography-across-the-health-care-professions
#8
Martina Ann Kelly, Lara Nixon, Caitlin McClurg, Albert Scherpbier, Nigel King, Tim Dornan
Touch mediates health professionals' interactions with patients. Different professionals have reported their practices but what is currently lacking is a well-theorized, interprofessional synthesis. We systematically searched eight databases, identified 41 studies in seven professions-nursing (27), medicine (4), physiotherapy (5), osteopathy (1), counseling (2), psychotherapy (1), dentistry (1)-and completed a meta-ethnographic line-of-argument synthesis. This found that touch is caring, exercises power, and demands safe space...
January 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233951/exposure-assessment-biological-monitoring-and-liver-function-tests-of-operating-room-personnel-exposed-to-halothane-in-hamedan-hospitals-west-of-iran
#9
Mohammad Hossien Bakhshaei, Abdorrahman Bahrami, Amin Mirzakhani, Hossien Mahjub, Mohammad Javad Assari
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to halogenated hydrocarbons has been associated with halothane hepatitis, an increase of liver enzymes, and congenital malformations. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether bromide, a urinary metabolite of halothane, could be used as a biological marker of exposure to this anesthetic gas and assessment of associated exposure to halothane with any significant changes in conventional parameters of liver function (serum aminotransferase activities)...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233800/participant-centric-initiatives-and-medical-research-scoping-review-protocol
#10
Victoria Coathup, Nao Hamakawa, Teresa Finlay, Jessica Bell, Jane Kaye, Kazuto Kato
BACKGROUND: Significant advances in digital technologies have meant that health care data can be collected, stored, transferred, and analyzed for research purposes more easily than ever before. Participant-centric initiatives (PCI) are defined as "tools, programs, and projects that empower participants to engage in the research process" using digital technologies and have the potential to provide a number of benefits to both participants and researchers, including the promotion of public trust in medical research, improved quality of research, increased recruitment and retention, and improved health care delivery...
December 12, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228939/the-ethics-of-caring-for-hospital-dependent-patients
#11
Calvin Sung, Jennifer L Herbst
BACKGROUND: Hospital-dependent patients are individuals who are repeatedly readmitted to the hospital because their acute medical needs cannot be met elsewhere. Unlike the chronically critically ill, these patients do not have a continuous need for life-sustaining equipment and can experience periods of relative stability where they have a good quality of life. However, some end up spending months or even years in the hospital receiving resource-intensive care because they are unable to be safely discharged, despite an initial optimistic prognosis...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228107/the-impact-of-antipsychotic-drugs-on-long-term-care-nursing-home-admission-and-death-among-dementia-patients
#12
Michael Nerius, Kristina Johnell, Sara Garcia-Ptacek, Maria Eriksdotter, Britta Haenisch, Gabriele Doblhammer
Background: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are commonly treated with antipsychotic drugs (APDs), which have been associated with adverse health effects. We examine the effect of APDs on long-term care (LTC), nursing home admission (NH), and death of dementia patients. Methods: We used health claims data of the largest German health insurer from 2004 to 2010 and followed newly-diagnosed dementia patients aged 60 years and older into LTC, NH, and until death...
December 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227873/restraint-use-in-older-adults-in-home-care-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Kristien Scheepmans, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé, Louis Paquay, Koen Milisen
OBJECTIVES: To get insight into restraint use in older adults receiving home care and, more specifically, into the definition, prevalence and types of restraint, as well as the reasons for restraint use and the people involved in the decision-making process. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Four databases (i.e. Pubmed, CINAHL, Embase, Cochrane Library) were systematically searched from inception to end of April 2017. REVIEW METHODS: The study encompassed qualitative and quantitative research on restraint use in older adults receiving home care that reported definitions of restraint, prevalence of use, types of restraint, reasons for use or the people involved...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225922/using-participatory-learning-action-pla-research-techniques-for-inter-stakeholder-dialogue-in-primary-healthcare-an-analysis-of-stakeholders-experiences
#14
T de Brún, M O'Reilly-de Brún, E Van Weel-Baumgarten, N Burns, C Dowrick, C Lionis, C O'Donnell, F S Mair, M Papadakaki, A Saridaki, W Spiegel, C Van Weel, M Van den Muijsenbergh, A MacFarlane
Plain English summary: It is important for health care workers to know the needs and expectations of their patients. Therefore, service users have to be involved in research. To achieve a meaningful dialogue between service users, healthcare workers and researchers, participatory methods are needed. This paper describes how the application of a specific participatory methodology, Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) can lead to such a meaningful dialogue. In PLA all stakeholders are regarded as equal partners and collaborators in research...
2017: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225482/the-relationship-between-empathy-and-burnout-lessons-for-paramedics-a-scoping-review
#15
REVIEW
Brett Williams, Rosalind Lau, Emma Thornton, Lauren S Olney
Background: The concepts of empathy and burnout are critical for practicing paramedics and the profession. While there has been an increasing body of research on the relationship between empathy and burnout with physicians and nurses, surprisingly, no research has been undertaken with paramedics. The aim of this scoping review was to explore the relationship between empathy and burnout. Method: A scoping review was performed based on Arskey and O'Malley's framework...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224257/models-of-care-for-non-invasive-ventilation-in-the-acute-copd-comparison-of-three-tertiary-hospitals-act3-study
#16
Kerry Parker, Vara Perikala, Ali Aminazad, Zheng Deng, Brigitte Borg, Catherine Buchan, Jo Toghill, Louis B Irving, Jeremy Goldin, David Charlesworth, Ajay Mahal, Suhith Illesinghe, Matthew T Naughton, Alan Young
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) improves clinical outcomes in hypercapnic acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD), but the optimal model of care remains unknown. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational non-inferiority study comparing three models of NIV care: general ward (Ward) (1:4 nurse to patient ratio, thrice weekly consultant ward round), a high dependency unit (HDU) (1:2 ratio, twice daily ward round) and an intensive care unit (ICU) (1:1 ratio, twice daily ward round) model in three similar teaching tertiary hospitals...
December 10, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223696/key-players-in-key-roles-the-baystate-patient-progress-initiative-to-improve-emergency-department-efficiency-and-productivity
#17
Niels K Rathlev, Jacqualyn Anderson, Joseph Schmidt, Joeli Hettler, Lynn Garreffi, Molly Gray, Douglas Neal, Paul Visintainer
BACKGROUND: The percentage of patients who leave the emergency department without being seen by a provider is a measure of efficiency and presents risk-management concerns. The number of patients actually "seen" by a provider is a measure of productivity. The opening of our new emergency department in December 2012, resulted in increases in both demand and the percentage of patients who left without being seen. Operational nursing leadership managed ED patient flow, but the structure was loosely organized on an ad hoc basis...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223321/is-there-value-in-retrospective-90-day-bundle-payment-models-for-shoulder-arthroplasty-procedures
#18
Susan M Odum, Nady Hamid, Bryce A Van Doren, Leo R Spector
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) initiative was implemented as part of the Affordable Care Act. We implemented a retrospective payment model 2 for a 90-day total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) episode to assess the value of TSA BPCI at our private practice. METHODS: Expenditures and postacute event rates of 132 fee-for-service (FFS) patients who underwent a TSA operation between 2009 and 2012 were compared with 333 BPCI patients who had a TSA operation in 2015...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223209/nurse-led-initiatives-to-implement-universal-screening-for-perinatal-emotional-complications
#19
Marissa Tenenbaum Potter
Perinatal emotional complications are the most common pregnancy complications in the United States. This article reviews three recent studies that illustrate the prevalence of and risk factors for perinatal emotional complications and sheds light on the inconsistency of screening by health care providers in acute care and outpatient settings. Also presented is an example of nurse-led quality improvement initiatives aimed at implementing universal screening in a rural New England county, which resulted in 100% screening with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale across health care facilities within the community, as well as a system-wide change in the approach to identifying and treating perinatal emotional complications...
December 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219937/relationship-between-maternal-characteristics-and-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-meta-analysis-study
#20
Aysegul Durmaz, Nuran Komurcu
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of maternal death in low-income countries and the primary cause of approximately one of every four maternal deaths worldwide. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the antenatal risk factors of PPH and its effects. METHODS: The literature from nine databases was reviewed, and studies published between 2000 and 2012 were analyzed using terms such as "postpartum hemorrhage," "prevention of postpartum hemorrhage," and "management of postpartum hemorrhage...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
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