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Contemporary nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092061/status-of-breastfeeding-and-child-immunization-outcomes-in-clients-of-the-nurse-family-partnership
#1
William Thorland, Dustin Currie, Emily R Wiegand, Joe Walsh, Nick Mader
Background The Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) is a home visiting program serving first-time, low-income mothers, with an area of focus on healthy early childhood development. Previous foundational trials of program effect on breastfeeding and immunizations have shown a mix of neutral and positive results. The present evaluation investigates these effects following program scale-up, using a large contemporary cohort of clients. Methods Nurse-Family Partnership client breastfeeding and immunization status were compared to National Survey of Children's Health data and National Immunization Survey data, respectively...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974405/have-you-seen-the-evidence-based-nursing-blog-evidence-based-nursing-blogs-highlighting-contemporary-issues-in-nursing
#2
Alison Twycross, Joanna Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930400/practical-issues-of-conducting-a-q-methodology-study-lessons-learned-from-a-cross-cultural-study
#3
Teresa Elizabeth Stone, Jane Maguire, Sook Jung Kang, Chiyoung Cha
This article advances nursing research by presenting the methodological challenges experienced in conducting a multination Q-methodology study. This article critically analyzes the relevance of the methodology for cross-cultural and nursing research and the challenges that led to specific responses by the investigators. The use of focus groups with key stakeholders supplemented the Q-analysis results. The authors discuss practical issues and shared innovative approaches and provide best-practice suggestions on the use of this flexible methodology...
December 6, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925101/politicy-of-care-in-the-criticism-towards-gender-stereotypes
#4
Maria Raquel Gomes Maia Pires, Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da Fonseca, Beatriz Padilla
Objectives: analyze gender inequalities among Brazilian women in Portugal and in contemporary nursing based on care politicity in the light of gender; disclose oppression of the female produced by the stereotypes that look upon women as natural caregivers; point out politicity to deconstruct gender stereotypes. Method: theoretical reflection with narrative review of literature to analyze classic references in the feminist epistemology combined with the care politicity thesis...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900669/disruptive-behaviour-in-the-perioperative-setting-a-contemporary-review
#5
Alexander Villafranca, Colin Hamlin, Stephanie Enns, Eric Jacobsohn
PURPOSE: Disruptive behaviour, which we define as behaviour that does not show others an adequate level of respect and causes victims or witnesses to feel threatened, is a concern in the operating room. This review summarizes the current literature on disruptive behaviour as it applies to the perioperative domain. SOURCE: Searches of MEDLINE(®), Scopus™, and Google books identified articles and monographs of interest, with backreferencing used as a supplemental strategy...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899112/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-associated-physical-injuries-between-cohabitating-and-married-women-a-5-year-medical-chart-review
#6
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Edmond Pui Hang Choi, John Kit-Shing Wong, Fung Ling So, Chu-Leung Lau, Chak-Wah Kam
BACKGROUND: Cohabitation, referring to a co-residential romantic relationship between two intimate partners without a marriage license, has become widely accepted in contemporary societies. It has been found that cohabitating women have a higher risk of experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) than married women. However, as yet, no studies have investigated the level and pattern of IPV-associated physical injuries and its mental health impact on cohabitating women. Therefore, we aim to compare IPV-associated physical injuries between cohabitating and married women by conducting a review of 5-year medical records from the emergency departments of two major public hospitals in Hong Kong...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882680/reconciling-conceptualisations-of-the-body-and-person-centred-care-of-the-older-person-with-cognitive-impairment-in-the-acute-care-setting
#7
Carole Rushton, David Edvardsson
In this article, we sought reconciliation between the "body-as-representation" and the "body-as-experience," that is, how the body is represented in discourse and how the body of older people with cognitive impairment is experienced. We identified four contemporary "technologies" and gave examples of these to show how they influence how older people with cognitive impairment are often represented in acute care settings. We argued that these technologies may be mediated further by discourses of ageism and ableism which can potentiate either the repressive or productive tendencies of these technologies resulting in either positive or negative care experiences for the older person and/or their carer, including nurses...
November 23, 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853190/they-know-me-here-patients-perspectives-on-their-nursing-home-experiences
#8
Ruth M Tappen
Perspectives from patients who reside in nursing homes can inform administrators and providers about the patient experience in long-term care. In a study of preferences for care in the nursing home or hospital should an acute change in condition occur, nursing home residents offered spontaneous descriptions of their experiences in the nursing home and during their prior hospital stays. This article offers background information about nursing home reform and standards, and contemporary reports on the patient experience in nursing homes...
January 31, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832989/risk-stratification-for-the-development-of-respiratory-adverse-events-following-vascular-surgery-using-the-society%C3%A2-of-vascular-surgery-s-vascular-quality-initiative
#9
Elizabeth A Genovese, Larry Fish, Rabih A Chaer, Michel S Makaroun, Donald T Baril
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative respiratory adverse events (RAEs) are associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality in general surgery, however, little is known about these complications in the vascular surgery population, a frail subset with multiple comorbidities. The objective of this study was to describe the contemporary incidence of RAEs in vascular surgery patients, the risk factors for this complication, and the overall impact of RAEs on patient outcomes. METHODS: The Vascular Quality Initiative was queried (2003-2014) for patients who underwent endovascular abdominal aortic repair, open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, thoracic endovascular aortic repair, suprainguinal bypass, or infrainguinal bypass...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790862/a-critical-analysis-of-the-failure-of-nurses-to-raise-concerns-about-poor-patient-care
#10
Marc Roberts
The occurrence of poor patient care is emerging as one of the most significant, challenging, and critical issues confronting contemporary nursing and those responsible for the provision of health care more generally. Indeed, as a consequence of the increased recognition of the manner in which nurses can be implicated in the occurrence of poor patient care, there has been sustained critical debate that seeks to understand how such healthcare failings can occur and, in particular, why nurses seemingly fail to intervene, raise concerns, and effectively respond to prevent the occurrence and continuation of such poor patient care...
October 28, 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668841/rapid-response-teams-is-it-time-to-reframe-the-questions-of-rapid-response-team-measurement
#11
Gail G Salvatierra, Ruth C Bindler, Kenn B Daratha
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to present an overview of rapid response team (RRT) history in the United States, provide a review of prior RRT effectiveness research, and propose the reframing of four new questions of RRT measurement that are designed to better understand RRTs in the context of contemporary nursing practice as well as patient outcomes. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: RRTs were adopted in the United States because of their intuitive appeal, and despite a lack of evidence for their effectiveness...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668378/oncology-nursing-and-shared-decision-making-for-cancer-treatment
#12
Joseph D Tariman, Enisa Mehmeti, Nadia Spawn, Sarah P McCarter, Jessica Bishop-Royse, Ima Garcia, Lisa Hartle, Katharine Szubski
This study aimed to describe the contemporary role of the oncology nurse throughout the entire cancer shared decision-making (SDM) process. Study participants consisted of 30 nurses and nurse practitioners who are actively involved in direct care of patients with cancer in the inpatient or outpatient setting. The major themes that emerged from the content analysis are: oncology nurses have various roles at different time points and settings of cancer SDM processes; patient education, advocacy, and treatment side effects management are among the top nursing roles; oncology nurses value their participation in the cancer SDM process; oncology nurses believe they have a voice, but with various degrees of influence in actual treatment decisions; nurses' level of disease knowledge influences the degree of participation in cancer SDM; and the nursing role during cancer SDM can be complicated and requires flexibility...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660185/moral-distress-in-critical-care-nursing-the-state-of-the-science
#13
Natalie Susan McAndrew, Jane Leske, Kathryn Schroeter
BACKGROUND: Moral distress is a complex phenomenon frequently experienced by critical care nurses. Ethical conflicts in this practice area are related to technological advancement, high intensity work environments, and end-of-life decisions. OBJECTIVES: An exploration of contemporary moral distress literature was undertaken to determine measurement, contributing factors, impact, and interventions. REVIEW METHODS: This state of the science review focused on moral distress research in critical care nursing from 2009 to 2015, and included 12 qualitative, 24 quantitative, and 6 mixed methods studies...
September 22, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649916/creating-a-culture-of-ethical-practice-in-health-care-delivery-systems
#14
Cynda Hylton Rushton
Undisputedly, the United States' health care system is in the midst of unprecedented complexity and transformation. In 2014 alone there were well over thirty-five million admissions to hospitals in the nation, indicating that there was an extraordinary number of very sick and frail people requiring highly skilled clinicians to manage and coordinate their complex care across multiple care settings. Medical advances give us the ability to send patients home more efficiently than ever before and simultaneously create ethical questions about the balance of benefits and burdens associated with these advances...
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649912/educating-nurses-for-ethical-practice-in-contemporary-health-care-environments
#15
Pam Grace, Aimee Milliken
Because health care professions exist to provide a good for society, ethical questions are inherently part of them. Such professions and their members can be assessed based on how effective they are in developing knowledge and enacting practices that further the health and well-being of individuals and society. The complexity of contemporary health care environments makes it important to prepare clinicians who can anticipate, recognize, and address problems that arise in practice or that prevent a profession from fulfilling its service goals and obligations...
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647020/registered-nurse-scope-of-practice-in-australia-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#16
Melanie Birks, Jenny Davis, John Smithson, Robyn Cant
The nursing profession comprises Australia's largest regulated health workforce yet its practice boundaries are poorly understood. The ambiguity surrounding the practice scope of nurses limits the profession's ability to fully respond to Australia's current and emerging health system challenges. The aim of this review is to explore the concept of scope of practice of registered nurses (RN) in Australia, as reflected in contemporary literature. An integrative review of literature relating to the scope of practice of the Australian registered nurse published between 2007 and 2014 was conducted...
October 13, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637406/can-triage-nurses-accurately-predict-patient-dispositions-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Danette Alexander, Lincoln Abbott, Qiuping Zhou, Ilene Staff
: Contemporary emergency departments experience crowded conditions with poor patient outcomes. If triage nurses could accurately predict admission, one theoretical intervention to reduce crowding is to place patients in the admission cue on arrival to the emergency department. The purpose of this study was to determine if triage nurses could accurately predict patient dispositions. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in a tertiary academic hospital's emergency department using a data collection tool embedded in the ED electronic information system...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634669/rationale-and-study-design-of-a-patient-centered-intervention-to-improve-health-status-in-chronic-heart-failure-the-collaborative-care-to-alleviate-symptoms-and-adjust-to-illness-casa-randomized-trial
#18
David B Bekelman, Larry A Allen, Jamie Peterson, Brack Hattler, Edward P Havranek, Diane L Fairclough, Connor F McBryde, Paula M Meek
While contemporary heart failure management has led to some improvements in morbidity and mortality, patients continue to report poor health status (i.e., burdensome symptoms, impaired function, and poor quality of life). The Collaborative Care to Alleviate Symptoms and Adjust to Illness (CASA) trial is a NIH-funded, three-site, randomized clinical trial that examines the effect of the CASA intervention compared to usual care on the primary outcome of patient-reported health status at 6months in patients with heart failure and poor health status...
September 12, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608147/exercising-nursing-essential-and-effective-freedom-in-behalf-of-social-justice-a-humanizing-model
#19
Donna J Perry, Danny G Willis, Kenneth S Peterson, Pamela J Grace
This article expands upon previous work by the authors to develop a model of nursing essential and effective freedom to facilitate nursing action in behalf of social justice. The article proposes that while social justice is rooted in nursing's ontological, epistemological, and moral foundations, the discipline's social justice mandate is constrained by its historical and contemporary location within an institutionalized medical paradigm. We present a model of nursing "essential" and "effective" freedom based on the philosophy of Bernard Lonergan to illustrate how nursing can transcend these barriers...
September 7, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581914/the-extent-to-which-core-nursing-textbooks-inform-holistic-spiritual-care
#20
Fiona Timmins, Maryanne Murphy, Thelma Begley, Freda Neill, Greg Sheaf
National and international professional health and nursing guidelines recommend that attention should be given to the spiritual and religious needs of patients. This suggests that spiritual care is an important aspect of holistic patient care that needs to be considered and supported, if relevant, in a healthcare context. However, many nurses lack knowledge and awareness of the subject, and it is unclear to what extent core textbooks provide the information they need. This article reports on a study that explored the extent to which contemporary core nursing textbooks support and advocate the provision of spiritual care by nurses...
September 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
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