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Contemporary nursing

Gisleangela Lima Rodrigues Carrara, Andrea Bernardes, Alexandre Pazetto Balsanelli, Silvia Helena Henriques Camelo, Carmen Silvia Gabriel, Ariane Cristina Barboza Zanetti
OBJECTIVE: To identify the available scientific evidence about the use of instruments for the evaluation of leadership in health and nursing services and verify the use of leadership styles/models/theories in the construction of these tools. METHOD: Integrative literature review of indexed studies in the LILACS, PUBMED, CINAHL and EMBASE databases from 2006 to 2016. RESULTS: Thirty-eight articles were analyzed, exhibiting 19 leadership evaluation tools; the most used were the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire, the Global Transformational Leadership Scale, the Leadership Practices Inventory, the Servant Leadership Questionnaire, the Servant Leadership Survey and the Authentic Leadership Questionnaire...
March 12, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Helen Convey, Janet Holt, Barbara Summers
AIMS: This study explored the feasibility of using Construal Level Theory to analyse proxy decision maker thinking about a hypothetical ethical dilemma, relating to a person who has dementia. BACKGROUND: Proxy decision makers make decisions on behalf of individuals who are living with dementia when dementia affects that individual's decision making ability. Ethical dilemmas arise because there is a need to balance the individual's past and contemporary values and views...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Anne Marie Russell, Sandra Olive, Sarah Lines, Anna Murphy, Julie Hocking, Karen Newell, Helen Morris, Emma Harris, Catherine Dixon, Sarah Agnew, Geraldine Burge
The role of clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) in interstitial lung disease (ILD) is evolving in response to clinical guidelines and the growth of clinical research. The role is well established in the UK, although more ILD posts are needed to ensure supply meets clinical demand. This phenomenon is also happening across Europe. An appreciation of the similarities and differences between CNS and advanced nurse practitioners is important given the challenges in defining, developing and supporting this nursing specialisation...
March 2018: Breathe
Lee Galuska, Judith Hahn, E Carol Polifroni, Gregory Crow
Health care transformation is guided by the triple aim of improving health, enhancing the patient experience, and reducing costs. Experts have recommended the addition of a fourth aim, improving the experience of providing care. They advise that achievement of the triple aim will only be possible if we create the conditions where health care workers can find meaning and joy in their work. Nurses' experiences with meaning and joy in their practice have not been well described. In an effort to fill this knowledge gap, nurses across the nation recently participated in a qualitative study to share their experiences with meaning and joy in their nursing practice...
April 2018: Nursing Administration Quarterly
Danielle Perret, Tiffany Knowlton, Gregory Worsowicz
This national survey highlights graduate medical education funding sources for physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) residency programs as well as perceived funding stability, alignment of the current funding and educational model, the need of further education in postacute care settings, and the practice of contemporary PM&R graduates as perceived by PM&R department/division chairs. Approximately half of the reported PM&R residency positions seem to be funded by Centers of Medicare and Medicaid Services; more than 40% of PM&R chairs believe that their residency program is undersized and nearly a quarter feel at risk for losing positions...
March 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Marije Reedijk, Virissa Lenters, Pauline Slottje, Anouk Pijpe, Petra H Peeters, Joke C Korevaar, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, W M Monique Verschuren, Robert A Verheij, Inka Pieterson, Flora E van Leeuwen, Matti A Rookus, Hans Kromhout, Roel C H Vermeulen
PURPOSE: LIFEWORK is a large federated prospective cohort established in the Netherlands to quantify the health effects of occupational and environmental exposures. This cohort is also the Dutch contribution to the international Cohort Study of Mobile Phone Use and Health (COSMOS). In this paper, we describe the study design, ongoing data collection, baseline characteristics of participants and the repeatability of key questionnaire items. PARTICIPANTS: 88 466 participants were enrolled in three cohort studies in 2011-2012...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
Catherine Gadd, Colin Jones
Emergency department (ED) attendances are continuing to rise, and medical and nursing teams are working under considerable strain. ED clinicians are used to thinking on their feet and possess the skills to multitask, and juggle ever-changing and competing priorities against the clock. This article reports the findings of a study that enabled ED clinicians to take time out to reflect on some of the difficult decisions they make daily, and to ask whether they consider ethical principles in depth, and if they are of any practical help...
February 9, 2018: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
Martha Mathews Libster
The origin story of professional nursing associated with antebellum American faith communities is all but lost. This paper provides historical evidence for professional nursing for that period using a case study approach that examines three faith communities: the Sisters and Daughters of Charity, the Shakers, and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. The purpose is to present an historical analysis of the three communities' health beliefs, recipes and remedies that were foundational to the spiritual formation and education of professional nurses within their communities...
January 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Stephen Kivunja, Jo River, Janice Gullick
AIMS: To synthesise the literature on the experiences of giving or receiving care for traumatic brain injury (TBI) for people with TBI, their family members and nurses in hospital and rehabilitation settings. BACKGROUND: TBI represents a major source of physical, social, and economic burden. In the hospital setting, people with TBI feel excluded from decision-making processes and perceive impatient care. Families describe inadequate information and support for psychological distress...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Marissa D Abram
Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) are a national public health crisis. However, there is minimal existing research literature on the role of the nurse working in SUD treatment. The purpose of this study was to describe the meaning of the professional role of the registered nurse working in the SUD setting. The study utilized a Heideggerian Phenomenological approach with a modified Colaizzi method for analysis and interpretation. The nine study participants, two males and seven females, aged 27-60 had worked in SUD treatment for 1-37 years...
January 25, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Jane Wray, Kerry Pace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
Jan-Thore Lockertsen, Åshild Fause
Aim: During the Korean War (1950-1953), the Norwegian government sent a Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) to support the efforts of the United Nations (UN) Army. During the war, 111 Norwegian nurses served in seven contingents, each 6 month, at the Norwegian Field Hospital in Korea. The nurses were nicknamed "The Korea Sisters". The aim of this study is to explore the impact and influence of their wartime nursing on Norwegian post-Korean-War nursing. Design: Qualitative...
January 2018: Nursing Open
Abdul R Arain, Keegan Cole, Christopher Sullivan, Samik Banerjee, Jillian Kazley, Richard L Uhl
Acute traumatic or surgical wounds that cannot be primarily closed often cause substantial morbidity and mortality. This often leads to increased costs from higher material expenses, more involved nursing care, and longer hospital stays. Advancements in soft tissue expansion has made it a popular alternative to facilitate early closure without the need for more complicated plastic surgical procedures. Areas Covered: In this review, we briefly elaborate on the history and biomechanics of tissue expansion and provide comprehensive descriptions of traditional internal tissue expanders and a variety of contemporary external tissue expanders...
January 11, 2018: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Peter Santangelo, Nicholas Procter, Denise Fassett
How mental health nursing is differentiated from other disciplines and professions, and what special contribution mental health nurses make to health services, is a question at the heart of contemporary practice. One of the significant challenges for mental health nurses is identifying, developing and advancing those aspects of their practice that they consider differentiate them in the multi-disciplinary mental health care team and to articulate clearly what a mental health nurse is and does. This paper draws on data from interviews with 36 mental health nurses in Australia who identified their practice as autonomous...
February 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Ying Liu, Yupin Aungsuroch
PURPOSE: In order to enhance international standards of nursing service, this article aims to analyze the English full-text peer-reviewed published articles from the past 10 years that describe contemporary registered nurses' (RNs') competency in the global community. DESIGN: An integrative review of literature was conducted between June 2016 and January 2017. METHODS: A systematic search was completed using four databases (Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) that covered the years between 2007 and 2017, and used the key words nurs* OR (staff nurs* ) OR (register nurs* ) AND competenc* AND international OR global...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Anne Felton, Julie Repper, Mark Avis
Despite significant changes to mental health services, nurses remain the professional group most likely to be in close contact with people who experience mental health problems. A core part of the contemporary identity of the mental health nurse is one who is able to provide acceptance and support for an individual's recovery through the therapeutic relationship. Yet there have always been some tensions with the mental health nursing role that can appear to challenge this relational focus. An increasing prominence of risk management in mental health care can position mental health nurses as responsible for enacting restrictions and has reignited interest in the role of mental health professionals in social control...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Caroline Jane Picton, Lorna Moxham, Christopher Patterson
BACKGROUND: Historically, mental health research has been strongly influenced by the underlying positivism of the quantitative paradigm. Quantitative research dominates scientific enquiry and contributes significantly to understanding our natural world. It has also greatly benefitted the medical model of healthcare. However, the more literary, silent, qualitative approach is gaining prominence in human sciences research, particularly mental healthcare research. AIM: To examine the qualitative methodological assumptions of phenomenology to illustrate the benefits to mental health research of studying the experiences of people with mental illness...
December 18, 2017: Nurse Researcher
Marian Turkel, Jacqueline Fawcett, Peggy L Chinn, Rosemary Eustace, Phyllis Shanley Hansell, Marlaine C Smith, Jean Watson, Rothlyn Zahourek
In this essay, several nurse scholars who are particularly concerned about the contemporary state of nursing science present their specific concerns (dark clouds) about the advancement of our discipline and the ways in which the concerns have been addressed (bright lights). This essay is the first of two essays that were catalyzed by Barrett's paper, "Again, What Is Nursing Science?" The second essay will be published in the next issue Nursing Science Quarterly.
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
Joan Ostaszkiewicz
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe and critically analyse the thinking that led to the concept of an association between incontinence, care dependence and elder abuse. BACKGROUND: Coercive or abusive continence care practices include chastising a person for their incontinence and overriding their attempts to resist continence care. Neglect in continence care is characterised by withholding or delaying responding to requests for help to maintain continence or to manage incontinence, and restricting a person's access to toileting assistance, incontinence aids or hygiene care...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
Yanhong Qin, Ranyun Zhou, Qiong Wu, Xiaodi Huang, Xinli Chen, Weiwei Wang, Xun Wang, Hua Xu, Jing Zheng, Siyu Qian, Changqing Bai, Ping Yu
BACKGROUND: Intensive care information systems (ICIS) are continuously evolving to meet the ever changing information needs of intensive care units (ICUs), providing the backbone for a safe, intelligent and efficient patient care environment. Although beneficial for the international advancement in building smart environments to transform ICU services, knowledge about the contemporary development of ICIS worldwide, their usage and impacts is limited. This study aimed to fill this knowledge gap by researching the development and implementation of an ICIS in a Chinese hospital, nurses' use of the system, and the impact of system use on critical care nursing processes and outcomes...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
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