keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Demographic change

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055070/climate-change-leads-to-increasing-population-density-and-impacts-of-a-key-island-invader
#1
Gregory T W McClelland, Res Altwegg, Rudi J van Aarde, Sam Ferreira, Alan E Burger, Steven L Chown
The considerable threats of invasive rodents to island biodiversity are likely to be compounded by climate change. Forecasts for such interactions have been most pronounced for the Southern Ocean islands where ameliorating conditions are expected to decrease thermal and resource restrictions on rodents. Firm evidence for changing rodent populations in response to climate change, and demonstrations of associated impacts on the terrestrial environment, are nonetheless entirely absent for the region. Using data collected over three decades on sub-Antarctic Marion Island, we tested empirically whether mouse populations have changed through time and whether these changes can be associated significantly with changing abiotic conditions...
October 20, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054310/etiology-diagnosis-and-demographic-analysis-of-maxillofacial-trauma-in-elderly-persons-a-10-year-investigation
#2
Anna Paula da Rosa Possebon, Gabriela Granke, Fernanda Faot, Luciana de Rezende Pinto, Fábio Renato Manzolli Leite, Marcos Antonio Torriani
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate etiologies and diagnoses of maxillofacial trauma in emergency services in Brazil over a period of 10 years. Additionally, associations among sex, age, accident location, and dependent variables were analyzed. Understanding the epidemiology of trauma and the physiology of aging is important in maintaining health and bettering service for the elderly population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The primary mode of investigation was analysis of medical records from 2003 to 2013...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054018/isolated-aphasia-in-the-emergency-department-the-likelihood-of-ischemia-is-low
#3
Gabriel Casella, Rafael H Llinas, Elisabeth B Marsh
OBJECTIVE: Aphasia is a common presentation of ischemic stroke, often diagnosed in the acute setting using tools such as the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS). Due to the vascular distribution of the middle cerebral artery, it is often accompanied by other symptoms such as weakness, sensory loss, or visual changes. Isolated aphasia due to ischemia is possible, but language problems mimicking aphasia syndromes can also be seen with other diagnoses such as metabolic abnormalities or dementia. In this study, we determine the incidence of aphasia-only strokes using the NIHSS, and factors associated with a higher likelihood of ischemia...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053913/morphological-changes-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-prevalence-and-characteristics-a-clinic-and-ultrasonographic-study-in-a-series-of-19-804-patients-over-25-years-old
#4
Hugo F G Martins, Alexandra Mayer, Paulo Batista, Fátima Soares, Vanessa Almeida, Ana Júlia Pedro, Victor Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Morphological changes of the internal carotid arteries (McICA) are frequently found during cervical ultrasound studies. However, McICA's etiology remains controversial. During this study, the prevalence and demographic characteristics of McICA such as kinking, coiling or looping, identified by Doppler ultrasound, were analysed and its relationship with vascular risk factors and stroke was assessed. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed by analysing 19,804 patients between Jan 2000 and Jun 2012 who were submitted to cervical ultrasonographic study...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053364/climate-effects-on-growth-body-condition-and-survival-depend-on-the-genetic-characteristics-of-the-population
#5
Cristina Romero-Diaz, Merel C Breedveld, Patrick S Fitze
Climatic change is expected to affect individual life histories and population dynamics, potentially increasing vulnerability to extinction. The importance of genetic diversity has been highlighted for adaptation and population persistence. However, whether responses of life-history traits to a given environmental condition depend on the genetic characteristics of a population remains elusive. Here we tested this hypothesis in the lizard Zootoca vivipara by simultaneously manipulating habitat humidity, a major climatic predictor of Zootoca's distribution, and adult male color morph frequency, a trait with genome-wide linkage...
November 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052582/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#6
REVIEW
Fernando J Martinez, Harold R Collard, Annie Pardo, Ganesh Raghu, Luca Richeldi, Moises Selman, Jeffrey J Swigris, Hiroyuki Taniguchi, Athol U Wells
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive lung disease characterized by progressive lung scarring and the histological picture of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). It is associated with increasing cough and dyspnoea and impaired quality of life. IPF affects ∼3 million people worldwide, with incidence increasing dramatically with age. The diagnostic approach includes the exclusion of other interstitial lung diseases or overlapping conditions and depends on the identification of the UIP pattern, usually with high-resolution CT; lung biopsy might be required in some patients...
October 20, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052096/life-paths-of-patients-with-transthyretin-related-familial-amyloid-polyneuropathy-val30met-a-descriptive-study
#7
Alice Lopes, Alexandra Sousa, Isabel Fonseca, Margarida Branco, Carla Rodrigues, Teresa Coelho, Jorge Sequeiros, Paula Freitas
Transthyretin-related familial amyloid polyneuropathy Val30Met is a fatal progressive disease. It is a rare hereditary amyloidosis, manifesting as a sensorimotor neuropathy and autonomic dysfunction. It begins during adulthood and is a disabling disease, posing a great psychological burden to patients and their families. Our aim was to describe and characterize life events related to the disease and discuss its psychosocial implications. Social and demographic data and a questionnaire on history of family and personal disease, and biographic events, were applied to 209 subjects attending an outpatient specialized clinic...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051114/changes-in-the-occurrence-severity-and-distress-of-symptoms-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancers-receiving-chemotherapy
#8
Ilufredo Y Tantoy, Bruce A Cooper, Anand Dhruva, Janine Cataldo, Steven M Paul, Yvette P Conley, Marilyn Hammer, Fay Wright, Laura B Dunn, Jon D Levine, Christine Miaskowski
BACKGROUND: Studies on multiple dimensions of the symptom experience of patients with gastrointestinal cancers are extremely limited. Purpose was to evaluate for changes over time in the occurrence, severity, and distress of seven common symptoms in these patients. METHODS: Patients completed Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale, six times over two cycles of CTX. Changes over time in occurrence, severity, and distress of pain, lack of energy, nausea, feeling drowsy, difficulty sleeping, and change in the way food tastes were evaluated using multilevel regression analyses...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050801/projections-of-zoster-incidence-in-australia-based-on-demographic-and-transmission-models-of-varicella-zoster-virus-infection
#9
Valentina Costantino, Heather F Gidding, James G Wood
Re-exposure to varicella infection is believed to delay the occurrence of herpes zoster (HZ), which has led to predictions of increased HZ following introduction of varicella vaccination programs. However, there is evidence of rising HZ rates before vaccination was introduced. Here, we explore a potential explanation for this effect through demographic change leading to reductions in varicella exposure and boosting in the context of Australia over the 20th century. To study this hypothesis, we integrated observed changes in Australian birth and age-specific death rates with a varicella transmission model...
October 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050389/towards-personalized-therapy-for-multiple-sclerosis-prediction-of-individual-treatment-response
#10
Tomas Kalincik, Ali Manouchehrinia, Lukas Sobisek, Vilija Jokubaitis, Tim Spelman, Dana Horakova, Eva Havrdova, Maria Trojano, Guillermo Izquierdo, Alessandra Lugaresi, Marc Girard, Alexandre Prat, Pierre Duquette, Pierre Grammond, Patrizia Sola, Raymond Hupperts, Francois Grand'Maison, Eugenio Pucci, Cavit Boz, Raed Alroughani, Vincent Van Pesch, Jeannette Lechner-Scott, Murat Terzi, Roberto Bergamaschi, Gerardo Iuliano, Franco Granella, Daniele Spitaleri, Vahid Shaygannejad, Celia Oreja-Guevara, Mark Slee, Radek Ampapa, Freek Verheul, Pamela McCombe, Javier Olascoaga, Maria Pia Amato, Steve Vucic, Suzanne Hodgkinson, Cristina Ramo-Tello, Shlomo Flechter, Edgardo Cristiano, Csilla Rozsa, Fraser Moore, Jose Luis Sanchez-Menoyo, Maria Laura Saladino, Michael Barnett, Jan Hillert, Helmut Butzkueven
Timely initiation of effective therapy is crucial for preventing disability in multiple sclerosis; however, treatment response varies greatly among patients. Comprehensive predictive models of individual treatment response are lacking. Our aims were: (i) to develop predictive algorithms for individual treatment response using demographic, clinical and paraclinical predictors in patients with multiple sclerosis; and (ii) to evaluate accuracy, and internal and external validity of these algorithms. This study evaluated 27 demographic, clinical and paraclinical predictors of individual response to seven disease-modifying therapies in MSBase, a large global cohort study...
September 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049751/hope-as-a-predictor-of-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-following-pediatric-cancer-diagnosis
#11
Julie N Germann, David Leonard, Corey L Heath, Sunita M Stewart, Patrick J Leavey
To examine hope and its components of agency and pathways as predictors of anxiety and depressive symptoms in children receiving cancer treatment.  Sixty patients (mean standard deviation age = 13.3 (2.7); 57% male) completed Snyder's Hope Scales, the Children's Depression Inventory, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory at diagnosis and 3 month intervals for 1 year following pediatric cancer diagnosis. Parents also completed Snyder's Hope Scales. Linear mixed-effect regression was used to assess hope's role in longitudinal models of symptoms of depression and anxiety...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049422/thoracic-trauma-now-and-then-a-10-year-experience-from-16-773-severely-injured-patients
#12
Klemens Horst, Hagen Andruszkow, Christian D Weber, Miguel Pishnamaz, Christian Herren, Qiao Zhi, Matthias Knobe, Rolf Lefering, Frank Hildebrand, Hans-Christoph Pape
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Thoracic trauma remains to be a relevant injury to the polytraumatised patient. However, literature regarding how far changes in clinical guidelines for pre- and in-hospital trauma management and diagnostic procedures affect the outcome of multiple injured patients with severe chest injury during a long-term observation period is sparse. METHODS: Multiple traumatised patients (age≥16y) documented in the TraumaRegister DGU® (TR-DGU) from January 1st 2005 to December 31st 2014 with severe chest trauma (AIS≥3) were included in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049266/the-cost-and-utility-of-postreduction-radiographs-after-closed-reduction-of-pediatric-wrist-and-forearm-fractures
#13
Avi D Goodman, Mark Zonfrillo, Daniel Chiou, Craig P Eberson, Aristides I Cruz
BACKGROUND: Formal radiographs are frequently obtained after reduction of closed pediatric wrist and forearm fracture performed under mini C-arm fluoroscopy. However, their utility has not been clearly demonstrated to justify the increased time, cost, and radiation exposure. We hypothesized that formal postreduction radiographs do not affect the rereduction rate of pediatric wrist and forearm fractures. We further sought to determine the time, monetary, and opportunity costs associated with obtaining these radiographs...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048950/integrating-population-heterogeneity-indices-with-microfluidic-cell-based-assays
#14
Thomas A Moore, Alexander Li, Edmond W K Young
Recent advances in cell-based assays have involved the integration of single-cell analyses and microfluidics technology to facilitate both high-content and high-throughput applications. These technical advances have yielded large datasets with single-cell resolution, and have given rise to the study of cell population dynamics, but statistical analyses of these populations and their properties have received much less attention, particularly for cells cultured in microfluidic systems. The objective of this study was to perform statistical analyses using Pittsburgh Heterogeneity Indices (PHIs) to understand the heterogeneity and evolution of cell population demographics on datasets generated from a microfluidic single-cell-resolution cell-based assay...
October 1, 2017: SLAS Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048746/long-term-occurrence-of-secondary-compartment-pelvic-organ-prolapse-after-open-mesh-sacrocolpopexy-for-symptomatic-prolapse
#15
Connie Wang, Alana L Christie, Philippe E Zimmern
AIMS: To report on the long-term occurrence of secondary compartment pelvic organ prolapse (POP) after open mesh sacrocolpopexy (MSC). METHODS: A prospectively maintained, IRB-approved database of non-neurogenic women with symptomatic triple compartment POP who underwent open MSC between 1999 and 2011 and had a 1-year minimum follow-up was reviewed. Length of follow-up was categorized as: intermediate (1-3 yr), late (3-5 yr), and very late (>5 yr). Demographic data, history of POP repairs, exam with Baden-Walker grading, validated questionnaires (Urogenital Distress Inventory short form [UDI-6], QoL), and outcomes at each follow-up visit were recorded...
October 19, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048472/trajectories-of-long-term-care-in-28-eu-countries-evidence-from-a-time-series-analysis
#16
Maria Michela Gianino, Jacopo Lenzi, Maria Martorana, Marco Bonaudo, Maria Pia Fantini, Roberta Siliquini, Walter Ricciardi, Gianfranco Damiani
Background: This study aims to confirm whether an increase in the number of elderly people and a worsening in the auto-evaluation of the general health state and in the limitation of daily activities result in increases in the offered services (beds in residential LTC facilities), in the social and healthcare expenditure and, consequently, in the percentage of LTC users. Methods: This study used a pooled, cross-sectional, time series design focusing on 28 European countries from 2004 to 2015...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048280/changing-demographics-and-prevalence-of-body-lice-among-homeless-persons-marseille-france
#17
Tran Duc Anh Ly, Youssoupha Touré, Clément Calloix, Sékéné Badiaga, Didier Raoult, Hervé Tissot-Dupont, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Gautret
The prevalence of body lice among 2,288 sheltered homeless persons in the city of Marseille during 2000-2017 was 12.2% and significantly decreased over time. We report a positive association between body lice infestations and older age, duration of stays in France for migrants, frequent consumption of alcohol, and tobacco smoking.
November 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048234/parent-education-for-young-children-with-autism-and-disruptive-behavior-response-to-active-control-treatment
#18
Jessica Bradshaw, Karen Bearss, Courtney McCracken, Tristram Smith, Cynthia Johnson, Luc Lecavalier, Naomi Swiezy, Lawrence Scahill
This study examines parent and child characteristics in young children with autism spectrum disorder and disruptive behavior who showed a positive response to a parent education program in a randomized clinical trial of parent training. Children with autism spectrum disorder (N = 180) were randomized to parent training (PT) or parent education program (PEP) for 6 months. Using the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale, masked independent evaluators rated positive response in 68.5% of children in PT compared to 39...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047376/women-s-education-level-amplifies-the-effects-of-a-livelihoods-based-intervention-on-household-wealth-child-diet-and-child-growth-in-rural-nepal
#19
Laurie C Miller, Neena Joshi, Mahendra Lohani, Beatrice Rogers, Shubh Mahato, Shibani Ghosh, Patrick Webb
BACKGROUND: Many organizations seek to alleviate poverty in the developing world, often focusing their interventions on women. The role, status, and education of women are fundamentally important facets of development. Thus, understanding the interaction of women's educational level and the response to interventions is important. Therefore, we examined the impact of educational level of household adults on responses to a livestock-based community intervention. METHODS: Six pair-matched communities in 3 districts of Nepal (Chitwan/Nawalparasi/Nuwakot), were randomly assigned to receive community development activities via women's self-help groups at baseline or 1 year later...
October 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047365/the-weight-of-work-the-association-between-maternal-employment-and-overweight-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
Vanessa M Oddo, Sara N Bleich, Keshia M Pollack, Pamela J Surkan, Noel T Mueller, Jessica C Jones-Smith
BACKGROUND: Maternal employment has increased in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC) and is a hypothesized risk factor for maternal overweight due to increased income and behavioral changes related to time allocation. However, few studies have investigated this relationship in LMIC. METHODS: Using cross-sectional samples from Demographic and Health Surveys, we investigated the association between maternal employment and overweight (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) among women in 38 LMIC (N = 162,768)...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
keyword
keyword
18933
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"