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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109124/domestication-and-human-demographic-history-in-south-america
#1
S Ivan Perez, María Bárbara Postillone, Diego Rindel
OBJECTIVES: The early groups of hunter-gatherers who peopled South America faced significant ecological changes in their trophic niche for a relatively short period after the initial peopling. In particular, the incorporation of cultigens during the Holocene led to a wider trophic niche and probably to an increased carrying capacity of the environment. Here, we study the relationship between the incorporation of domestic resources during the Holocene and the demographic dynamics of human populations at a regional scale in South America...
January 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108432/living-on-the-edge-conservation-genetics-of-seven-thermophilous-plant-species-in-a-high-arctic-archipelago
#2
Siri Birkeland, Idunn Elisabeth Borgen Skjetne, Anne Krag Brysting, Reidar Elven, Inger Greve Alsos
Small, isolated, and/or peripheral populations are expected to harbour low levels of genetic variation and may therefore have reduced adaptability to environmental change, including climate warming. In the Arctic, global warming has already caused vegetation change across the region and is acting as a significant stressor on Arctic biodiversity. Many of the rare plants in the Arctic are relicts from early Holocene warm periods, but their ability to benefit from the current warming is dependent on the viability of their populations...
January 20, 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108136/a-knowledge-translation-framework-on-ageing-and-health
#3
Moriah E Ellen, Ulysses Panisset, Islene Araujo de Carvalho, James Goodwin, John Beard
BACKGROUND: The world's population aged 60 and over will more than triple from 600 million to 2 billion between the years 2000 to 2050. This demographic change has significant impact on health, social, and economic sectors. The need to ensure that research into older peoples' health is effectively translated to policy is immediate. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to present a proposed framework to support evidence informed policymaking in ageing and health...
January 6, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107891/telephone-administered-versus-live-group-cognitive-behavioral-stress-management-for-adults-with-cfs
#4
Daniel L Hall, Emily G Lattie, Sara F Milrad, Sara Czaja, Mary Ann Fletcher, Nancy Klimas, Dolores Perdomo, Michael H Antoni
OBJECTIVE: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) symptoms have been shown to be exacerbated by stress and ameliorated by group-based psychosocial interventions such as cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM). Still, patients may have difficulty attending face-to-face groups. This study compared the effects of a telephone-delivered (T-CBSM) vs a live (L-CBSM) group on perceived stress and symptomology in adults with CFS. METHODS: Intervention data from 100 patients with CFS (mean age 50years; 90% female) participating in T-CBSM (N=56) or L-CBSM (N=44) in previously conducted randomized clinical trials were obtained...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107877/demography-and-health-of-village-dogs-in-rural-western-uganda
#5
David Hyeroba, Sagan Friant, Johnson Acon, James Okwee-Acai, Tony L Goldberg
"Village dogs" in developing economies are assumed to be heavily burdened by infectious disease. We followed a cohort of 61 village dogs in rural western Uganda prospectively for fifteen months to measure changes in health and demographic outcomes, and to examine risk factors for morbidity and mortality. The mean (±standard deviation) number of dogs per household was 2.4 (±2.0), of which 56.0% were male and 44.0% female. For females, average age at first estrus was 1.7 (±0.6)years with a mean litter size of 3...
February 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107821/effects-of-a-single-20%C3%A2-mg-dose-of-letrozole-on-ovarian-function-post-dominant-follicle-selection-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
H C M Allaway, D R Chizen, G P Adams, R A Pierson
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to explore the impact of a single dose of an aromatase inhibitor (letrozole) administered at defined times of the follicular phase or immediately after ovulation on dominant follicle development, luteogenesis and new follicle wave emergence. METHODS: A prospective pilot study using a randomized complete block, controlled, open label design was conducted at an academic clinical research center. Forty-five healthy, female volunteers (25...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107491/association-of-in-hospital-mortality-and-dysglycemia-in-septic-patients
#7
Hsiao-Yun Chao, Peng-Hui Liu, Shen-Che Lin, Chun-Kuei Chen, Jih-Chang Chen, Yi-Lin Chan, Chin-Chieh Wu, Gerald N Blaney, Zhen-Ying Liu, Cho-Ju Wu, Kuan-Fu Chen
BACKGROUND: The associations between dysglycemia and mortality in septic patients with and without diabetes are yet to be confirmed. Our aim was to analyze the association of diabetes and sepsis mortality, and to examine how dysglycemia (hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia and glucose variability) affects in-hospital mortality of patients with suspected sepsis in emergency department (ED) and intensive care units. METHODS: Clinically suspected septic patients admitted to ED were included, and stratified into subgroups according to in-hospital mortality and the presence of diabetes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107402/risk-factors-for-postoperative-pain-intensity-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-disc-surgery-a-systematic-review
#8
Marie Dorow, Margrit Löbner, Janine Stein, Alexander Konnopka, Hans J Meisel, Lutz Günther, Jürgen Meixensberger, Katarina Stengler, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVES: Pain relief has been shown to be the most frequently reported goal by patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery. There is a lack of systematic research investigating the course of postsurgical pain intensity and factors associated with postsurgical pain. This systematic review focuses on pain, the most prevalent symptom of a herniated disc as the primary outcome parameter. The aims of this review were (1) to examine how pain intensity changes over time in patients undergoing surgery for a lumbar herniated disc and (2) to identify socio-demographic, medical, occupational and psychological factors associated with pain intensity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107295/healthcare-transformation-and-changing-roles-for-nursing
#9
Susan W Salmond, Mercedes Echevarria
Factors driving healthcare transformation include fragmentation, access problems, unsustainable costs, suboptimal outcomes, and disparities. Cost and quality concerns along with changing social and disease-type demographics created the greatest urgency for the need for change. Caring for and paying for medical treatments for patients suffering from chronic health conditions are a significant concern. The Affordable Care Act includes programs now led by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services aiming to improve quality and control cost...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107265/long-term-function-after-pediatric-critical-illness-results-from-the-survivor-outcomes-study
#10
Neethi P Pinto, Elizabeth W Rhinesmith, Tae Yeon Kim, Peter H Ladner, Murray M Pollack
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge of the long-term outcomes of survivors of pediatric critical illness is sparse but important. The aim of this study was to evaluate morbidity and mortality 6 months and 3 years after hospital discharge. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Urban, inner city, academic PICU. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients admitted to the PICU from June 2012 to August 2012. INTERVENTIONS: None...
January 19, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106781/family-food-providers-perceptions-of-the-causes-of-obesity-and-effectiveness-of-weight-control-strategies-in-five-countries-in-the-asia-pacific-region-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Anthony Worsley, Wei Wang, Rani Sarmugam, Quynh Pham, Judhiastuty Februhartanty, Stacey Ridley
The rise of the middle classes in developing countries and the associated epidemiological transition raises the importance of assessing this population group's awareness of the causes of obesity and effective weight control strategies in order to develop effective health promotion strategies. The study aimed to examine the perceptions of the causes of obesity and weight control strategies held by middle class household food providers in Melbourne, Singapore, Shanghai, Indonesia and Vietnam. An online survey was conducted in late 2013, early 2014 among 3945 respondents...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105716/what-does-variation-in-primate-behavior-mean
#12
Karen B Strier
Interest in intraspecific behavioral variation has grown with concerns about the ability of primates to adapt to the rapidly changing ecological and demographic conditions that threaten their survival. Now, in addition to identifying the causes and phylogenetic distribution of normative, species-specific behavior patterns for interspecific comparisons, there is widespread recognition of the need to incorporate intraspecific variation. This variation is evident across groups and populations of the same species as well over the long histories of single groups of long-lived, socially complex animals with overlapping generations...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104822/association-between-soluble-klotho-and-change-in-kidney-function-the-health-aging-and-body-composition-study
#13
David A Drew, Ronit Katz, Stephen Kritchevsky, Joachim Ix, Michael Shlipak, Orlando M Gutiérrez, Anne Newman, Andy Hoofnagle, Linda Fried, Richard D Semba, Mark Sarnak
CKD appears to be a condition of soluble klotho deficiency. Despite known associations between low soluble klotho levels and conditions that promote kidney damage, such as oxidative stress and fibrosis, little information exists regarding the longitudinal association between soluble klotho levels and change in kidney function. We assayed serum soluble α-klotho in 2496 participants within the Health Aging and Body Composition study, a cohort of older adults. The associations between soluble klotho levels and decline in kidney function (relative decline: eGFR decline ≥30%; absolute decline: eGFR decline >3 ml/min per year) and incident CKD (incident eGFR <60 ml/min per 1...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104579/internet-health-information-seeking-and-the-patient-physician-relationship-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Sharon Swee-Lin Tan, Nadee Goonawardene
BACKGROUND: With online health information becoming increasingly popular among patients, concerns have been raised about the impact of patients' Internet health information-seeking behavior on their relationship with physicians. Therefore, it is pertinent to understand the influence of online health information on the patient-physician relationship. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to systematically review existing research on patients' Internet health information seeking and its influence on the patient-physician relationship...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104064/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-parents-of-children-with-cancer-in-jordan
#15
Rami Masa'deh, Samiha Jarrah
AIM: To investigate levels of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) of those parenting children with cancer and make a comparison between mothers and fathers. BACKGROUND: Parenting a child with cancer is traumatic. Maternal and paternal roles and responsibilities change after the cancer diagnosis of their child, adding more stress to the lives of all concerned. The gender of the parent may have an effect on their PTSD. However, there is a lack of studies in Arabic countries on the differences between parents in their PTSD levels...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104042/electronic-health-records-and-online-medical-records-an-asset-or-a-liability-under-current-conditions
#16
Judith Allen-Graham, Lauren Mitchell, Natalie Heriot, Roksana Armani, David Langton, Michele Levinson, Alan Young, Julian A Smith, Tom Kotsimbos, John W Wilson
Objective The aim of the present study was to audit the current use of medical records to determine completeness and concordance with other sources of medical information.Methods Medical records for 40 patients from each of five Melbourne major metropolitan hospitals were randomly selected (n=200). A quantitative audit was performed for detailed patient information and medical record keeping, as well as data collection, storage and utilisation. Using each hospital's current online clinical database, scanned files and paperwork available for each patient audited, the reviewers sourced as much relevant information as possible within a 30-min time allocation from both the record and the discharge summary...
January 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103935/a-pragmatic-examination-of-active-and-passive-recruitment-methods-to-improve-the-reach-of-community-lifestyle-programs-the-talking-health-trial
#17
Paul Estabrooks, Wen You, Valisa Hedrick, Margaret Reinholt, Erin Dohm, Jamie Zoellner
BACKGROUND: A primary challenge for behavior change strategies is ensuring that interventions can be effective while also attracting a broad and representative sample of the target population. The purpose of this case-study was to report on (1) the reach of a randomized controlled trial targeting reduced sugary beverages, (2) potential participant characteristic differences based on active versus passive recruitment strategies, and (3) recruitment strategy cost. METHODS: Demographic and recruitment information was obtained for 8 counties and for individuals screened for participation...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103930/trends-in-hospital-admissions-due-to-antidepressant-related-adverse-drug-events-from-2001-to-2011-in-the-u-s
#18
Harish S Parihar, Hongjun Yin, Jennifer L Gooch, Shari Allen, Samuel John, Jianwei Xuan
BACKGROUND: Depression is a prevalent mental health disorder and the fourth leading cause of disability in the world as per the World Health Organization. Use of antidepressants can lead to adverse drug events (ADEs), defined as any injury resulting from medication use. This study aimed to examine changes in hospital admissions due to antidepressant-related ADEs (ArADEs) among different socio-demographic groups and changes in lengths of stay (LOS) and hospital charges in ArADE admissions from 2001 to 2011...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103619/pregnant-women-in-sport-climbing-is-there-a-higher-risk-for-preterm-birth
#19
Jan Drastig, David Hillebrandt, Werner Rath, Thomas Küpper
Sport climbing is a popular recreational sport with an increasing proportion of female athletes. International recommendations emphasize the physical and mental benefits of regular sport activity during any uncomplicated pregnancy. In this context, sport climbing is associated with a high risk potential.The aim of this study was to examine if there is a higher risk for preterm birth in active climbing athletes.Original manuscript.A retrospective self-report online survey in the German language collected data between September 2012 and November 2013...
January 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102061/clinical-diversity-of-atopic-dermatitis-a-review-of-5-000-patients-at-a-single-institute
#20
Howard Chu, Jung U Shin, Chang Ook Park, Hemin Lee, Jungsoo Lee, Kwang Hoon Lee
PURPOSE: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic eczematous dermatitis that has a high prevalence and diverse clinical features. Although several hypotheses about its multifactorial pathogenesis have been suggested, the cause is not yet fully understood. A better understanding of the clinical features may helpful inelucidating the pathogenesis of AD. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed the questionnaires, medical charts, and laboratory examination results of 5,000 patients diagnosed with AD at a single tertiary hospital in Korea...
March 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
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