keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Demographic change

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231634/from-endogenous-to-exogenous-pattern-formation-invasive-plant-species-changes-the-spatial-distribution-of-a-native-ant
#1
Kevin Li, Yifan He, Susanna K Campbell, A Shawn Colborn, Eliot L Jackson, Austin Martin, Ivan V Monagan, Theresa Wei Ying Ong, Ivette Perfecto
Invasive species are a significant threat to global biodiversity, but our understanding of how invasive species impact native communities across space and time remains limited. Based on observations in an old field in Southeast Michigan spanning 35 years, our study documents significant impacts of habitat change, likely driven by the invasion of the shrub, Elaeagnus umbellata, on the nest distribution patterns and population demographics of a native ant species, Formica obscuripes. Landcover change in aerial photos indicates that E...
February 23, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231493/availability-of-tobacco-cessation-services-in-substance-use-disorder-treatment-programs-impact-of-state-tobacco-control-policy
#2
Amanda J Abraham, Grace Bagwell-Adams, Jayani Jayawardhana
OBJECTIVE: Given the high prevalence of smoking among substance use disorder (SUD) patients, the specialty SUD treatment system is an important target for adoption and implementation of tobacco cessation (TC) services. While research has addressed the impact of tobacco control on individual tobacco consumption, largely overlooked in the literature is the potential impact of state tobacco control policies on availability of services for tobacco cessation. This paper examines the association between state tobacco control policy and availability of TC services in SUD treatment programs in the United States...
February 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231371/efficacy-of-intralipid-infusion-in-reducing-amphotericin-b-associated-nephrotoxicity-in-head-and-neck-invasive-fungal-infection-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Mehrdad Hasibi, Sirous Jafari, Seyyed Ali Manshadi, Marjan Asadollahi, Mohammadreza Salehi, Varasteh Vakili Zarch, Ali Kouhi
Amphotericin B deoxycholate (ABD) is the best therapeutic agent available for the treatment of most systemic fungal infections. However, some untoward adverse effects such as nephrotoxicity may limit its appropriate therapeutic use. We conducted a randomized, controlled trial ofthe infusion of fat emulsion (Intralipid) shortly after the infusion of ABD to evaluate its effects on reducing ABD-associated nephrotoxicity. Our patient population was made up of 31 patients who were randomized into two groups: an intervention group (n = 16) and a control group (15 patients)...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230890/effect-of-testosterone-replacement-therapy-on-vitamin-d-and-fgf-23-levels-in-congenital-hypogonadism
#4
Cem Haymana, Alper Sonmez, Aydogan Aydogdu, Serkan Tapan, Yalcin Basaran, Coskun Meric, Kamil Baskoy, Abdullah Taslipinar, Mahmut Ilker Yilmaz, Omer Azal
INTRODUCTION: Patients with hypogonadism are at increased risk of cardiac and metabolic diseases and osteoporosis. Vitamin D and Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) play role in the regulation of bone mineral metabolism and endothelial functions. Low vitamin D levels are reported in hypogonadism, while there is no data about the effect of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). We investigated the effect of TRT on vitamin D and FGF-23 levels along with endothelial functions and insulin resistance in hypogonadal patients...
February 23, 2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230580/the-patient-perspective-on-errors-in-cancer-care-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Mariko Carey, Allison W Boyes, Jamie Bryant, Heidi Turon, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Robert Sanson-Fisher
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore medical oncology outpatients' perceived experiences of errors in their cancer care. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. English-speaking medical oncology outpatients aged 18 years or older were recruited from 9 Australian cancer treatment centers. Participants completed 2 paper-and-pencil questionnaires: an initial survey on demographic, disease and treatment characteristics upon recruitment; and a second survey on their experiences of errors in cancer care 1 month later...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230458/progression-to-type-2-diabetes-and-its-effect-on-health-care-costs-in-low-income-and-insured-patients-with-prediabetes-a-retrospective-study-using-medicaid-claims-data
#6
Jun Wu, Eileen Ward, Tiffaney Threatt, Z Kevin Lu
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is a high-risk factor for progression to diabetes. Without lifestyle changes, such as weight loss and moderate physical activity, 15%-30% of people with prediabetes are projected to develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years. Progression to diabetes increases the financial burden significantly for patients and health care systems. Populations with low socioeconomic status are associated with a higher risk of diabetes. However, knowledge is limited about the effect of transition to diabetes on future costs incurred in low-income populations...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230254/resistance-to-valproic-acid-as-predictor-of-treatment-resistance-in-genetic-generalized-epilepsies
#7
Joanna Gesche, Marina Khanevski, Carl Solberg, Christoph Patrick Beier
This study aimed at defining clinical predictors of drug resistance in adults with genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE) who were treated with a broad spectrum of antiepileptic drugs. Of a cohort of 137 unselected adult GGE patients with long-term follow up, clinical and demographic data, putative prognostic factors (e.g., psychiatric comorbidities, electroencephalography [EEG]), treatment response, and data indicative of social status were collected. Fifty-eight patients had seizures within the past year. Thirty-three patients met the definition of "drug-resistant epilepsy" according to the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) definition...
February 23, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230056/threshold-of-long-term-survival-of-a-coastal-delphinid-in-anthropogenically-degraded-environment-indo-pacific-humpback-dolphins-in-pearl-river-delta
#8
Leszek Karczmarski, Shiang-Lin Huang, Stephen C Y Chan
Defining demographic and ecological threshold of population persistence can assist in informing conservation management. We undertook such analyses for the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis) in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, southeast China. We use adult survival estimates for assessments of population status and annual rate of change. Our estimates indicate that, given a stationary population structure and minimal risk scenario, ~2000 individuals (minimum viable population in carrying capacity, MVPk) can maintain the population persistence across 40 generations...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228970/comparison-of-endothelial-function-improvement-estimated-with-reactive-hyperemia-index-between-ramipril-and-telmisartan-in-hypertensive-patients
#9
You-Jeong Ki, Jae-Bin Seo, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Woo-Hyun Lim, Hye Yeon Seo, Jin Yong Lee, Woo-Young Chung
BACKGROUND: Endothelium has a function to regulate vascular tone by releasing mediators either vasodilating or vasoconstricting blood vessels. Endothelial dysfunction can be measured conveniently by Reactive Hyperemia Index (RHI) with a peripheral arterial tonometry. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II (AT II) receptor blockers (ARBs) are considered to have beneficial effects on endothelium through inhibition of AT II. This study was performed to compare the effect of ACEIs or ARBs on endothelial function estimated by RHI in hypertensive patients...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228409/clinical-and-demographic-study-of-microsporidial-keratoconjunctivitis-in-south-india-a-3-year-study-2013-2015
#10
Rohan Agashe, Naveen Radhakrishnan, Sayali Pradhan, Muthiah Srinivasan, Venkatesh N Prajna, Prajna Lalitha
AIM: To study the demographic profile, clinical features, treatment outcome and ocular morbidity of smear-positive microsporidial keratoconjunctivitis. METHODS: Retrospective case series of all patients with clinical features of microsporidial keratoconjunctivitis and who were smear positive for the same on Gram stain from January 2013 to December 2015. Demographic data, predisposing factors, microbiological investigations, clinical course and visual outcome were analysed...
February 22, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228370/enhancing-doctors-competencies-in-communication-with-and-activation-of-older-patients-the-promoting-active-aging-practa-computer-based-intervention-study
#11
Dorota Wlodarczyk, Joanna Chylińska, Magdalena Lazarewicz, Marta Rzadkiewicz, Mariusz Jaworski, Miroslawa Adamus, Gørill Haugan, Monica Lillefjell, Geir Arild Espnes
BACKGROUND: Demographic changes over the past decades call for the promotion of health and disease prevention for older patients, as well as strategies to enhance their independence, productivity, and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the effects of a computer-based educational intervention designed for general practitioners (GPs) to promote active aging. METHODS: The Promoting Active Aging (PRACTA) study consisted of a baseline questionnaire, implementation of an intervention, and a follow-up questionnaire that was administered 1 month after the intervention...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227910/development-of-a-three-dimensional-lattice-free-multiscale-model-of-the-mammary-terminal-end-bud
#12
Joseph D Butner, Vittorio Cristini, Zhihui Wang, Joseph D Butner, Vittorio Cristini, Zhihui Wang, Vittorio Cristini, Joseph D Butner, Zhihui Wang
The terminal end bud (TEB) is a bulbous structure composed of highly proliferative cells that is responsible for mammary gland development during the pubertal stage. This is a highly organized process, involving cellular differentiation hierarchies regulated by endocrine and paracrine signaling. Here, we present development of a lattice-free, three dimensional multiscale agent based model of the TEB to study the effects of cellular phenotypic hierarchies, endocrine and paracrine signaling, and proliferation demographics on pubertal mammary gland development...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226330/nutritional-recovery-after-open-and-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-for-early-gastric-cancer-a-prospective-multicenter-comparative-trial-ccog1204
#13
Hidenobu Matsushita, Chie Tanaka, Kenta Murotani, Kazunari Misawa, Seiji Ito, Yuichi Ito, Mitsuro Kanda, Yoshinari Mochizuki, Kiyoshi Ishigure, Toyohisa Yaguchi, Jin Teramoto, Hiroshi Nakayama, Yoshihisa Kawase, Michitaka Fujiwara, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND: Little information from prospective clinical trials is available on the influences of surgical approaches on postoperative body compositions and nutritional status. We designed a prospective non-randomized trial to compare postoperative chronological changes in body composition and nutritional status between laparoscopic and open distal gastrectomy for stage I gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: Body compositions and nutritional indicators in blood tests were measured at the baseline and at the 1st, 3rd, 6th, and 12th postoperative months (POM)...
February 23, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224435/factors-associated-with-trait-anger-level-of-juvenile-offenders-in-hubei-province-a-binary-logistic-regression-analysis
#14
Li-Na Tang, Xiao-Zhou Ye, Qiu-Ge Yan, Hong-Juan Chang, Yu-Qiao Ma, De-Bin Liu, Zhi-Gen Li, Yi-Zhen Yu
The risk factors of high trait anger of juvenile offenders were explored through questionnaire study in a youth correctional facility of Hubei province, China. A total of 1090 juvenile offenders in Hubei province were investigated by self-compiled social-demographic questionnaire, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-II (STAXI-II). The risk factors were analyzed by chi-square tests, correlation analysis, and binary logistic regression analysis with SPSS 19.0. A total of 1082 copies of valid questionnaires were collected...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224191/predicting-the-post-operative-length-of-stay-for-the-orthopaedic-trauma-patient
#15
Deepak Chona, Nikita Lakomkin, Catherine Bulka, Idine Mousavi, Parth Kothari, Ashley C Dodd, Michelle S Shen, William T Obremskey, Manish K Sethi
PURPOSE: Length of stay (LOS) is a major driver of cost and quality of care. A bundled payment system makes it essential for orthopaedic surgeons to understand factors that increase a patient's LOS. Yet, minimal data regarding predictors of LOS currently exist. Using the ACS-NSQIP database, this is the first study to identify risk factors for increased LOS for orthopaedic trauma patients and create a personalized LOS calculator. METHODS: All orthopaedic trauma surgery between 2006 and 2013 were identified from the ACS-NSQIP database using CPT codes...
February 21, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224185/-is-rehabilitation-worth-it-review-of-economic-evaluations-of-rehabilitation-in-germany
#16
Christian Krauth, Tim Bartling
Because of demographic change, the rehabilitation sector in Germany is going to face increasing demands in the future. Limited budgets make the optimal allocation of resources a top priority. To support decisions about the optimal scope and design of rehabilitation, studies on health economics are of utmost importance. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the evaluation of rehabilitation with regard to health economics in Germany.Based on a comprehensive literature research, 17 studies on the cost-effectiveness of rehabilitation in Germany were identified...
February 21, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223838/factors-associated-with-body-mass-index-among-slum-dwelling-women-in-india-an-analysis-of-the-2005-2006-indian-national-family-health-survey
#17
Maya Laxmi Patel, Raywat Deonandan
BACKGROUND: Urbanization is increasing around the world, and in India, this trend has translated into an increase in the size of slum dwellings whose environments are suspected of being associated with poor health outcomes, particularly those relating to women's nutritional status. With this study, we sought to determine the factors associated with Indian women's body mass index (BMI) in slum environments, with special attention paid to women with tribal status. METHODS: A multiple linear regression analysis was performed on data from the Indian National Family Health Survey (2005-2006), modeling demographic and behavioral factors suspected of being associated with BMI, with additional focus on the measures of social class, specifically caste and tribal status...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223732/effects-of-sex-and-generation-on-hepatitis-b-viral-load-in-families-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Ai-Ru Hsieh, Cathy Sj Fann, Chau-Ting Yeh, Hung-Chun Lin, Shy-Yi Wan, Yi-Cheng Chen, Chia-Lin Hsu, Jennifer Tai, Shi-Ming Lin, Dar-In Tai
AIM: To explore factors associated with persistent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in a cohort of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)-affected families and then investigate factors that correlate with individual viral load among hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive relatives. METHODS: We evaluated non-genetic factors associated with HBV replication in relatives of patients with HCC. Relatives of 355 HCC cases were interviewed using a structured questionnaire...
February 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222885/the-influence-of-lip-form-on-incisal-display-with-lips-in-repose-on-the-esthetic-preferences-of-dentists-and-lay-people
#19
Jee Kim, Richard Topolski, Douglas Dickinson, Van Ramos
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Information is lacking for viewer preferences for incisal display with lips in repose. PURPOSE: The purpose of this online survey was to establish measurement parameters to classify and define a lip form and to evaluate the influence of lip form on dentists' and laypersons' preferences for the amount of incisal display with lips in repose. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Computer-generated male and female models were created using 3 different lip forms each, straight, moderate, and high...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222730/trends-of-relative-and-absolute-socioeconomic-equity-in-access-to-coronary-revascularisations-in-1995-2010-in-finland-a-register-study
#20
Sonja Lumme, Kristiina Manderbacka, Ilmo Keskimäki
BACKGROUND: Resources for coronary revascularisations have increased substantially since the early 1990s in Finland. At the same time, ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality has decreased markedly. This study aims to examine how these changes have influenced trends in absolute and relative differences between socioeconomic groups in revascularisations and age group differences in them using IHD mortality as a proxy for need. METHODS: Hospital Discharge Register data on revascularisations among Finns aged 45-84 in 1995-2010 were individually linked to population registers to obtain socio-demographic data...
February 20, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
keyword
keyword
18933
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"