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Rectal mucosal prolapse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898453/resolution-of-rectal-prolapse-by-vaginal-reconstruction
#1
Hemikaa Devakumar, Neeraja Chandrasekaran, Alexandriah Alas, Laura Martin, G Willy Davila, Eric Hurtado
BACKGROUND: Rectal prolapse is a disorder of the pelvic floor in which the layers of the rectal mucosa protrude outward through the anus. Surgical repair is the mainstay of treatment. Options include intra-abdominal procedures such as rectopexy and perineal procedures such as the Delorme and Altemeier perineal rectosigmoidectomy. Rectal and vaginal prolapse can often coexist. However, to our knowledge, there are no reported cases of rectal prolapse resolved by the repair of a compressive enterocele abutting the anterior rectal wall through a vaginal approach alone...
November 28, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894384/-reconstruction-of-anal-stenosis-induced-by-scar-contracture-after-repair-of-defect-in-perineal-region-with-paraumbilical-flap-using-random-pattern-flap
#2
Q Liu, X B You, Z Cai, K Y Tang, H Zhang
Objective: To investigate the method and timing of reconstruction of anal stenosis induced by scar contracture after repair of defect in perineal region with paraumbilical flap using random pattern flap. Methods: Ten patients who suffered anal stenosis induced by scar contracture after the first phase repair of defect of perineal region with paraumbilical flap were hospitalized from July 2009 to September 2015. Eight patients were with central type scar contracture of perineal region after healing of burn wound, and two patients were with lesion of perineal region which had been excised...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641548/laparoscopic-ventral-rectopexy-in-male-patients-with-external-rectal-prolapse-is-associated-with-a-high-reoperation-rate
#3
T Rautio, J Mäkelä-Kaikkonen, M Vaarala, M Kairaluoma, J Kössi, M Carpelan-Holmström, S Salmenkylä, P Ohtonen, J Mäkelä
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy has been used to treat male patients with external rectal prolapse, but evidence to support this approach is scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of this new abdominal rectopexy surgical technique in men. METHODS: This was a retrospective multicenter study. Adult male patients who were operated on for external rectal prolapse using ventral rectopexy in five tertiary hospitals in Finland between 2006 and 2014 were included in the study...
October 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487739/mesenteric-arteriovenous-dysplasia-vasculopathy-is-distinct-from-fibromuscular-dysplasia
#4
Deepa T Patil, Juliana Kissiedu, E Rene Rodriguez, Erinn Downs-Kelly, Xiuli Liu, Lisa A Rybicki, Carmela D Tan
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a noninflammatory, nonatherosclerotic vasculopathy that usually affects the carotid and renal arteries. We have observed FMD-like vascular changes in specimens resected for ischemia or Crohn's disease (CD). On the basis of a systematic clinicopathologic review of these 11 cases identified between 1982 and 2014, we describe a distinct mesenteric vasculopathy that involves both arteries and veins [mesenteric arteriovenous dysplasia/vasculopathy (MAVD/V)] and is characterized by (1) concentric/eccentric smooth muscle collarette around the tunica media of both the artery and the vein in ≥2 foci, (2) varying degrees of intimal and medial hyperplasia and adventitial fibrosis, and (3) lack of inflammation or thrombi...
October 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315791/benign-intestinal-glandular-lesions-in-the-vagina-a-possible-correlation-with-implantation
#5
Weiwei Lu, Xiaofei Zhang, Bingjian Lu
BACKGROUND: Enteric-type glandular lesions are extremely rare in the vagina. Their histological origin remains a matter of speculation at present. METHOD: We review two rectal mucosal prolapse-like polyps and one intestinal-type adenosis in the vagina. RESULTS: Case 1, a 64-year-old woman, presented with a vaginal polypoid lesion with a size of 4 × 3 × 3 cm. Case 2, an 8-year-old girl, had a 1.5 × 1.5 × 0.8-cm pedunculated polyp in the vaginal navicular fossa and a clinically suspected rectovaginal fistula...
2016: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997121/circular-mucosal-anopexy-experience-and-technical-considerations
#6
Luis Antonio Hidalgo Grau, Neus Ruiz Edo, Sara Llorca Cardeñosa, Adolfo Heredia Budó, Óscar Estrada Ferrer, Marta Del Bas Rubia, Eva María García Torralbo, Xavier Suñol Sala
INTRODUCTION: Circular mucosal anopexy (CMA) achieves a more comfortable postoperative period than resective techniques. But complications and recurrences are not infrequent. This study aims to evaluate of the efficacy of CMA in the treatment of hemorrhoids and rectal mucosal prolapse (RMP). METHOD: From 1999 to 2011, 613 patients underwent surgery for either hemorrhoids or RMP in our hospital. CMA was performed in 327 patients. Gender distribution was 196 male and 131 female...
May 2016: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691359/solitary-rectal-ulcer-syndrome-demographic-clinical-endoscopic-and-histological-panorama
#7
Amanullah Abbasi, Abdul Rabb Bhutto, Ali Taj, Aurangzaib, Akhtar Baloch, Muhammad Masroor, S M Munir
OBJECTIVE: To assess the demographic, clinical, endoscopic and histological spectrum of Solitary Rectal Ulcer Syndrome (SRUS). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Medical Unit-III, Civil Hospital Karachi (CHK) and Ward 7, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC), Karachi, from January 2009 to June 2012. METHODOLOGY: Patients with SRUS, based on characteristic endoscopic and histological findings, were enrolled...
December 2015: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26618707/laparoscopic-suture-rectopexy-for-persistent-rectal-prolapse-in-children-is-it-a-safe-and-effective-first-line-intervention
#8
Karim Awad, Mohamed El Debeiky, Amr AbouZeid, Ayman Albaghdady, Tarek Hassan, Sameh Abdelhay
BACKGROUND: Several techniques have been described for the surgical correction of rectal prolapse without any clear advantage for one technique over the other. We evaluated the use of laparoscopic suture rectopexy (LSRP) as a modality of treatment for rectal prolapse in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective data were collected for all children who presented to our center between 2011 and 2014 and required surgery for rectal prolapse. All children underwent LSRP with fixation of the mobilized rectum to the sacral promontory with multiple nonabsorbable sutures...
April 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26599079/surgery-for-complete-full-thickness-rectal-prolapse-in-adults
#9
REVIEW
Samson Tou, Steven R Brown, Richard L Nelson
BACKGROUND: Complete (full-thickness) rectal prolapse is a lifestyle-altering disability that commonly affects older people. The range of surgical methods available to correct the underlying pelvic floor defects in full-thickness rectal prolapse reflects the lack of consensus regarding the best operation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different surgical repairs for complete (full-thickness) rectal prolapse. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Register up to 3 February 2015; it contains trials from the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, MEDLINE in process, ClinicalTrials...
November 24, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557942/rectal-prolapse-in-children-a-study-of-71-cases
#10
Mohammad-Hossein Sarmast, Shahnam Askarpour, Mehran Peyvasteh, Hazhir Javaherizadeh, Meisam Mooghehi-Nezhad
INTRODUCTION: Prolapse of the rectum is the herniation of the rectum through the anus, which may be categorised as mucosal or complete. AIM: To evaluate the clinical manifestation, treatment, and surgical complications of children with rectal prolapse over a 6-year period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was carried out on children aged < 14 years who were admitted or referred for rectal prolapse that failed to respond after medical treatment in Imam Khomeini and Abouzar Children's Hospital...
2015: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26550808/-local-and-late-complications-in-anorectal-surgery
#11
F Gaj, L Candeloro, I Biviano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Our experience in colon-proctology showed the need to update the post-surgical complications score we published (1), adding others that may have an impact on outcome of treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a score obtained from the analysis of the quality of life and severity of complications after proctologic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January and December 2013, we studied 150 patients undergoing several ano-rectal surgeries for the presence of hemorrhoids of grade III and IV (63 patients), anal fissures (42 patients), anal fistulas (19 patients), rectocele (15 patients) and mucosal prolapse of the rectum (11 patients)...
2015: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26378752/-rubber-band-ligation-in-treatment-of-hemorrhoids-our-experience
#12
F Gaj, I Biviano, G Sportelli, L Candeloro
OBJECTIVES: Hemorrhoids are a very common condition. The treatment depends upon persistence and severity of symptoms. For hemorrhoids of II and III grade the rubber band ligation may be therapeutic. Our aim is to report the outcomes of rubber band ligation of hemorrhoids, with a follow up of 6 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients underwent rubber band ligation for symptomatic hemorrhoids (grade II and III) without prolapse, between June 2012 and June 2014...
2015: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26255256/semi-closed-bilateral-partial-miotomy-of-the-puborectalis-for-anismus-a-pilot-study-partial-miotomy-of-the-puborectalis-for-anismus
#13
L Asciore, L C Pescatori, M Pescatori
BACKGROUND: Anismus or non relaxing puborectalis muscle (PRM) may cause obstructed defecation (OD). Reported surgical treatment is partial miotomy, followed by sepsis, bleeding, and incontinence. The aim of the present study was to investigate on the feasibility and outcome of a modified mini-invasive operation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with anismus and OD not responding to medical therapy, excluding multiparous females, patients with anal incontinence, recto-rectal intussusception, and disordered psychological pattern...
December 2015: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26104058/tricyclic-antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-tenesmus-associated-with-rectal-prolapse
#14
D M Livovsky, S N Adler, T Adar, A Bar-Gil Shitrit, J Lysy
AIM: Tenesmus in rectal prolapse leads to a vicious circle of straining with deterioration of prolapse. The primary phenomenon triggering this may be rectal hypersensitivity. We aimed to assess whether treatment with tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) may break the vicious circle and improve tenesmus. METHOD: A retrospective review was carried out of patients with rectal prolapse and severe tenesmus who were poor surgical candidates or had refused surgery. They were treated at our tertiary centre with low dose tricyclic antidepressants...
December 2015: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25984520/pedunculated-colonic-lipoma-prolapsing-through-the-anus
#15
Omar M Ghanem, Julia Slater, Puneet Singh, Richard F Heitmiller, Joseph D DiRocco
Colorectal lipomas are the second most common benign tumors of the colon. These masses are typically incidental findings with over 94% being asymptomatic. Symptoms-classically abdominal pain, bleeding per rectum and alterations in bowel habits-may arise when lipomas become larger than 2 cm in size. Colonic lipomas are most often noted incidentally by colonoscopy. They may also be identified by abdominal imaging such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. We report a case of a sixty-one years old male who presented to our emergency room with a 6...
May 16, 2015: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25981991/a-new-approach-for-persistent-cloaca-laparoscopically-assisted-anorectoplasty-and-modified-repair-of-urogenital-sinus
#16
Chen Wang, Long Li, Wei Cheng, Shuli Liu, Mei Diao, Xu Li, Guoliang Qiao, Zheng Zhang, Zheng Chen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to describe the surgical technique and evaluate midterm outcomes of the technique: laparoscopically assisted anorectoplasty (LAARP) and modified repair of urogenital sinus. METHOD: Seven patients with persistent cloaca underwent LAARP and modified repair of urogenital sinus between November 2005 and December 2010. The ages of the patients at the time of operation were 6 months to 15 years. Distal colostogram and micturating cystogram were performed preoperatively to identify the type of persistent cloaca...
July 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25856770/g-protein-coupled-ph-sensing-receptor-ogr1-is-a-regulator-of-intestinal-inflammation
#17
Cheryl de Vallière, Yu Wang, Jyrki J Eloranta, Solange Vidal, Ieuan Clay, Marianne R Spalinger, Irina Tcymbarevich, Anne Terhalle, Marie-Gabrielle Ludwig, Thomas Suply, Michael Fried, Gerd A Kullak-Ublick, Isabelle Frey-Wagner, Michael Scharl, Klaus Seuwen, Carsten A Wagner, Gerhard Rogler
BACKGROUND: A novel family of proton-sensing G protein-coupled receptors, including OGR1, GPR4, and TDAG8, was identified to be important for physiological pH homeostasis and inflammation. Thus, we determined the function of proton-sensing OGR1 in the intestinal mucosa. MTEHODS: OGR1 expression in colonic tissues was investigated in controls and patients with IBD. Expression of OGR1 upon cell activation was studied in the Mono Mac 6 (MM6) cell line and primary human and murine monocytes by real-time PCR...
June 2015: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25840077/one-stage-operation-through-modified-posterior-sagittal-approach-preserving-the-sphincter-intact-for-anal-agenesis-with-rectovestibular-fistula
#18
Nguyen Thanh Liem, Tran Anh Quynh
PURPOSE: To describe the surgical technique and outcomes of an one stage operation through modified posterior sagittal approach (PSAP) preserving the sphincter intact for anal agenesia with rectovestibula fistula. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 57 patients suffering from anal agenesis with rectovestibular fistula were operated by a one-stage operation through a modified PSAP preserving the external sphincter intact from 2002 to 2010. The operation was performed in one-stage through a posterior sagittal approach with three modifications: The external sphincter complex was not opened on the posterior side, the dissection was carried out outside the rectal pouch, the rectal pouch was not tapered and was pulled through the center of the external sphincter identified by muscle stimulator...
April 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25632177/management-of-obstructed-defecation
#19
REVIEW
Vlasta Podzemny, Lorenzo Carlo Pescatori, Mario Pescatori
The management of obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) is mainly conservative and mainly consists of fiber diet, bulking laxatives, rectal irrigation or hydrocolontherapy, biofeedback, transanal electrostimulation, yoga and psychotherapy. According to our experience, nearly 20% of the patients need surgical treatment. If we consider ODS an "iceberg syndrome", with "emerging rocks", rectocele and rectal internal mucosal prolapse, that may benefit from surgery, at least two out of ten patients also has "underwater rocks" or occult disorders, such as anismus, rectal hyposensation and anxiety/depression, which mostly require conservative treatment...
January 28, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25626931/perineal-colostomy-an-alternative-to-avoid-permanent-abdominal-colostomy-operative-technique-results-and-reflection
#20
Alcino Lázaro da Silva, Johnny Hayck, Beatriz Deoti
BACKGROUND: The most common injury to indicate definitive stoma is rectal cancer. Despite advances in surgical treatment, the abdominoperineal resection is still the most effective operation in radical treatment of malignancies of the distal rectum invading the sphincter and anal canal. Even with all the effort that surgeons have to preserve anal sphincters, abdominoperineal amputation is still indicated, and a definitive abdominal colostomy is necessary. This surgery requires patients to live with a definitive abdominal colostomy, which is a condition that modify body image, is not without morbidity and has great impact on the quality of life...
November 2014: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
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