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Dental anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786578/-influence-of-basic-dental-materials-on-indicators-of-free-radical-oxidation-and-antioxidant-blood-s-potential-of-white-rats-experimental-study
#1
Vitalii S Kuz, Valentyn N Dvornyk, Vitalii A Kostenko, Gelfira M Kuz, Oleh Ye Akimov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Basic materials used in the clinic of orthopedic dentistry are high-polymer compounds and have a number of positive properties in certain conditions. The main group of materials for manufacturing of removable dentures is acrylic plastics of hot polymerization. However, such materials can sometimes cause a number of complications. Using removable prostheses, which are made of acrylic plastics can cause the development of an allergic or toxic-chemical reaction of tissues of the prosthetic bed...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753777/surgically-assisted-rapid-palatal-expansion-in-class-iii-malocclusion-our-experience
#2
A Barrabé, C Meyer, H Bonomi, Weber Elise, N Sigaux, A Louvrier
INTRODUCTION: Maxillary transverse deficiency (MTD) is a common facial disharmony that may need surgical assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARPE). The aim of this study was to present our SARPE technique and to report about our experience. MATERIEL AND METHOD: Medical records of all class III patients who underwent SARPE in our department from 2010 to 2015 and for whom a follow-up of at least 1 year was available, were included in a retrospective study. The technic consisted, after short orthodontic preparation allowing for divergence of the upper central incisors, in a complete Le Fort I osteotomy without down fracture, and medial sagittal submucosal separation of the hard palate under general anesthesia in an inpatient procedure...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750630/esophageal-atresia-with-tracheoesophageal-fistula-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-children-dental-considerations-and-case-report
#3
J Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Juana M Arvizu-Rivera, Nadia P Campos-Lara, Miguel A Rosales-Berber, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Esophageal Atresia (EA) is defined as the congenital interruption of the continuity of the esophagus. Pediatric patients also have other congenital conditions, such as Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula (TEF). CASE REPORT: A 7-year-old male with TEF referred by a Pediatric Cardiologist, with the principal complaint of "severe and generalized tooth wearing". Considering that the patient was systemically stable, it was decided to perform the oral procedures under local anesthesia and rubber-dam isolation with an antimicrobial prophylaxis regimen...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750625/trends-and-characteristics-of-pediatric-dentistry-patients-treated-under-general-anesthesia
#4
Maxwell N Rudie, Michael M Milano, Michael W Roberts, Kimon Divaris
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to describe the demographic characteristics of pediatric dentistry patients undergoing dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia (DRGA) at UNC-Chapel Hill during the last 13 years and identify factors associated with multiple (1 versus 2 or more) DRGA visits during that timeframe. STUDY DESIGN: Administrative claims data were used to identify children and adolescents (age <18 years) who underwent DRGA between 1/1/2002 and 12/31/2014 at the UNC Hospitals system...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747805/phentolamine-mesylate-may-be-a-safe-and-effective-option-to-reduce-discomfort-and-time-to-recovery-after-dental-care-with-local-anesthesia
#5
Mohammad Helmi, Muath AlDosari, Mary Tavares
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Effectiveness and safety of phentolamine mesylate in routine dental care. Daubländer M, Liebaug F, Niedeggen G, Theobald K, Kürzinger M-L. J Am Dent Assoc 2017; 148(3):149-56. SOURCE OF FUNDING: The study was funded by Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland, Berlin, Germany TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Two study designs were used: a prospective noninterventional, postauthorization efficacy (controlled observational) study, and a prospective noninterventional uncontrolled observational study...
June 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747622/postoperative-dental-morbidity-in-children-following-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia
#6
Yu-Hsuan Hu, Aileen Tsai, Li-Wei Ou-Yang, Li-Chuan Chuang, Pei-Ching Chang
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia has been widely used in pediatric dentistry in recent years. However, there remain concerns about potential postoperative dental morbidity. The goal of this study was to identify the frequency of postoperative dental morbidity and factors associated with such morbidity in children. METHODS: From March 2012 to February 2013, physically and mentally healthy children receiving dental treatment under general anesthesia at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taiwan were recruited...
May 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744383/structural-damage-to-periodontal-tissues-at-varying-rate-of-anesthetic-injection
#7
Maria Sarapultseva, Alexey Sarapultsev, Svetlana Medvedeva, Irina Danilova
Background: Incorrect administration of an anesthetic during local anesthesia is one of the most important causes of pain symptoms in patients scheduled for dental procedures. The current study assessed the severity of damage to periodontal tissue following different rates of anesthetic administration. Methods: The research was conducted on 50 outbred male rats with a body mass of 180-240 g. The anesthetic used was 1% articaine. Results: The results showed that administration of the anesthetic at a rapid pace caused structural damage to the periodontal tissue...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744381/complications-caused-by-nitrous-oxide-in-dental-sedation
#8
REVIEW
Seong In Chi
The first clinical application of nitrous oxide (N2 O) was in 1844, by an American dentist named Horace Wells who used it to control pain during tooth extraction. Since then, N2 O has shared a 170-year history with modern dental anesthesia. N2 O, an odorless and colorless gas, is very appealing as a sedative owing to its anxiolytic, analgesic, and amnestic properties, rapid onset and recovery, and, in particular, needle-free application. Numerous studies have reported that N2 O can be used safely and effectively as a procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) agent...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739848/effects-of-a-training-needle-on-dental-hygiene-student-anxiety
#9
Diana Aboytes, Christina Calleros
Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to assess whether practicing with a cotton-tipped applicator as compared to a new training device had an effect on the anxiety levels of dental hygiene students prior to administering and receiving their first intraoral injection for local anesthesia. Methods: This pilot study used a convenience sample of senior dental hygiene students from an entry-level Bachelor degree dental hygiene program. Participants completed a pre-test survey after watching a video demonstrating the inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) injection technique to determine anxiety levels regarding administering and receiving an intraoral injection...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735860/risk-factors-for-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-ambulatory-dental-treatment
#10
O Kocaturk, S Keles, I K Omurlu
Aim: This study aimed to determine the risk factors for postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in children receiving dental treatment under general anesthesia and to identify the subcategories leading to risk formation. Materials and Methods: The study comprised of 100 American Society of Anesthesiologists I patients aged 2-7 years who were administered dental treatment under general anesthesia. Patients were evaluated with regard to PONV risk. Eight different independent risk factors were identified as follows: age, gender, weight, duration of anesthesia, duration of recovery, postoperative pain, rescue analgesia, and type of dental treatment...
May 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728538/impact-of-dental-rehabilitation-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-healthy-children-and-those-with-special-health-care-needs
#11
Deema J Farsi, Nada J Farsi, Azza A El-Housseiny, Jihan M Turkistani, Najat M Farsi
Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of dental rehabilitation on oral health-related quality-of-life (OHRQoL) in children with special health care needs (CSHCN) and healthy children. Materials and methods: The prospective study's sample consisted of 213 parents of caries-affected children, who were aged 6 years or younger and were scheduled for dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia (DRGA). The parent-child dyads were recruited from three public hospitals in Jeddah between October 2014 and May 2016...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714692/lidocaine-turns-70-the-evolution-of-dental-local-anesthesia
#12
Mark Donaldson, Jason H Goodchild
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714490/efficacy-of-ketamine-in-pediatric-sedation-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#13
Samuel Oh, Karl Kingsley
BACKGROUND: Ketamine has been used as a safe and effective sedative to treat adults and children exhibiting high levels of anxiety or fear during dental treatment. Pediatric dentistry often involves patients with high levels of anxiety and fear and possibly few positive dental experiences. Patient management can involve behavioral approaches, as well as the use of sedation or general anesthesia with a variety of agents, including midazolam, diazepam, hydroxyzine, meperidine, and ketamine...
May 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703617/hazards-of-improper-dispensary-literature-review-and-report-of-an-accidental-chloroform-injection
#14
Prashant Verma, Patricia Tordik, Ali Nosrat
Several clear, transparent solutions are used in endodontics. Inappropriate dispensing methods can lead to accidental injection or accidental irrigation. These accidents can cause permanent tissue damage including damage to the bone, periodontium, nerves, and vasculature. This article reports on the consequences of an accidental chloroform injection. Nonsurgical retreatment of tooth #8 was planned as part of a restorative treatment plan in a 69-year-old woman. The dentist accidentally injected chloroform instead of local anesthesia because chloroform was loaded into the anesthetic syringe...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696118/anesthetic-considerations-for-angelman-syndrome-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Mary Ellen Warner, David P Martin, Mark A Warner, Ralitza H Gavrilova, Juraj Sprung, Toby N Weingarten
Background: Angelman syndrome is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by intellectual disability, severe speech impairment, ataxia, seizures, happy demeanor, distinctive craniofacial features, high vagal tone, and gamma-amino butyric acid receptor abnormalities. The aim of this report is to review our experience of patients with Angelman syndrome undergoing anesthetic management. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed perioperative course of patients with Angelman syndrome who underwent procedures under anesthesia from 2000 to 2016...
October 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682255/effectiveness-of-computer-assisted-anesthetic-delivery-system-sta-%C3%A2-in-dental-implant-surgery-a-prospective-study
#16
F R Grassi, B Rapone, F Scarano Catanzaro, M Corsalini, Z Kalemaj
Objectives: This prospective cohort study aimed to investigate effectiveness of Computerized Local Anesthesia (CLA) on oral implantology through estimation of pain and discomfort and total quantity of injected anesthetic. Methods: Forty-five consecutive patients whose treatment plan included immediate or late dental implants were included in this study. The main inclusion criteria comprised: previous implant intervention under conventional anesthesia (CA) during the past 3 years and no previous treatment of pain relief...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682224/subcutaneous-emphysema-during-root-canal-therapy-endodontic-accident-by-sodium-hypoclorite
#17
Gianluca Tenore, Gaspare Palaia, Chiara Ciolfi, Mohamed Mohsen, Andrea Battisti, Umberto Romeo
Introduction: Cervicofacial subcutaneous emphysema is defined as the abnormal introduction of air in the subcutaneous tissues of the head and neck. It is mainly caused by trauma, head and neck surgery, general anesthesia, and coughing or habitual performance of Valsalva manoeuvre. The occurrence of subcutaneous emphysema after dental treatment is rare, and diffusion of gas into the mediastinum is much rarer, especially when the procedure is a nonsurgical treatment. Presented here is a case of subcutaneous emphysema that occurred after sodium hypochlorite irrigation during endodontic treatment, and the description of its etiologies and prevention during nonsurgical endodontic treatment...
September 2017: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681838/unilateral-vision-loss-after-a-dental-visit
#18
Mohammed H Khattab, Annette Wiegand, Marcus Storch, Hans Hoerauf, Nicolas Feltgen
Intraoral local anesthetics are widely used for performing painless dental treatments; however, in some cases, they may cause ocular complications such as meiosis, diplopia, nystagmus, ophthalmoplegia, ptosis, and amaurosis. Mostly, the symptoms disappear after several hours; rarely, they have a prolonged character. We describe the case of a 38-year-old young man who had reduced vision in the left eye 5 days after having received intraoral local anesthesia. A diagnosis of cilioretinal artery occlusion with optic disc swelling was made...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678488/medicolegal-considerations-involving-iatrogenic-lingual-nerve-damage
#19
REVIEW
Roberto Pippi, Andrea Spota, Marcello Santoro
The aim of this review is to improve risk management strategies through analysis of the anatomic, semeiotic, and medicolegal aspects that characterize iatrogenic lingual nerve damage (LND) and its legal consequences in the case of legal proceedings for a claim for compensation. In dental practice, LND can be caused by local or general anesthesia or by mechanical, chemical, or thermal mechanisms. A certain postoperative identification of LND etiopathogenesis is often very challenging because it can be difficult to show at what time the damage occurred and which mechanism actually caused it...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678487/effective-postoperative-analgesia-using-intravenous-flurbiprofen-and-acetaminophen
#20
Mitsuhiro Yoshida, Yoshitaka Shimizu, Keita Yoshida, Akari Mukai, Mitsuru Doi, Masahiro Irifune
PURPOSE: Management of postoperative pain is one of the most important components in postoperative care, because most patients have pain after dental surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether acetaminophen could be an alternative to fentanyl in combination with a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) as an analgesic after dental surgery in cases in which narcotic drugs were contraindicated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were 24- to 54-year-old men who underwent enucleation of a mandibular cyst under general anesthesia...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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