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Dental anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525303/low-level-laser-therapy-after-wisdom-teeth-surgery-evaluation-of-immunologic-markers-secretory-immunoglobulin-a-and-lysozyme-levels-and-thermographic-examination-placebo-controlled-study
#1
Tatjana Dostalova, Veronika Kroulikova, Stepan Podzimek, Helena Jelinková
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this investigation is to analyze the effect of therapeutic low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to have a possibility to check pain and inflammation connected with surgical removal of impacted lower third molars in general anesthesia or even phobia [not accompanied by pain or fear of dental treatment, using immunologic markers-secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) and lysozyme]. The healing process was also monitored by infrared thermography. BACKGROUND DATA: LLLT can accelerate the proliferation phase of healing and decrease the inflammatory reaction, but the effect is not really clear...
May 16, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523092/management-of-a-life-threatening-bleeding-following-extraction-of-deciduous-second-molar-related-to-a-capillary-haemangioma
#2
REVIEW
Amr Amin Ghanem, Yasser Nabil El Hadidi
Various forms of vascular lesion affect the head and neck region. The head and neck vascular lesions are classified into neoplasms and malformations. Neoplasm presents either as hemangioma or lymphangioma; neoplasm usually presents in young age compared with vascular malformation. A 9-year-old female patient presented to the outpatient clinic referred from the department of pedodontics after extraction of a right mandibular second deciduous molar. Extraction was done by dental GP in outpatient clinic. Massive bleeding followed the extraction...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514354/-out-patient-dental-care-in-patients-with-arterial-hypertension
#3
L A Axamit, E N Anisimova, I V Orekhova, S T Sokhov
The aim of the study was to improve dental treatment quality in patients with arterial hypertension. The study included 256 patients with arterial hypertension (153 females, 103 males) aged 35 to 60 years. Anesthesia efficacy was assessed by visual analog scale after treatment. Oral adverse effects caused by regular intake of antihypertensive drugs and interrelation with articaine and mepivacaine were described. The study proved high efficacy of 4% articaine 1:200 000. The efficacy of 3% mepivacaine with no vasoconstriction agents was 86...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490941/effectiveness-of-hypnosis-in-combination-with-conventional-techniques-of-behavior-management-in-anxiety-pain-reduction-during-dental-anesthetic-infiltration
#4
A Ramírez-Carrasco, C Butrón-Téllez Girón, O Sanchez-Armass, M Pierdant-Pérez
Background and Objective. Anxiety/pain are experiences that make dental treatment difficult for children, especially during the time of anesthesia. Hypnosis is used in pediatric clinical situations to modify thinking, behavior, and perception as well as, recently, in dentistry; therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of hypnosis combined with conventional behavior management techniques during infiltration anesthetic. Methods. Anxiety/pain were assessed with the FLACC scale during the anesthetic moment, as well as heart rate variability and skin conductance before and during the anesthetic moment, between the control and experimental group...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479221/do-baby-teeth-really-matter-changing-parental-perception-and-increasing-dental-care-utilization-for-young-children
#5
Suchitra Nelson, Mary Beth Slusar, Jeffrey M Albert, Christine A Riedy
INTRODUCTION: Parent/caregivers' inability to recognize the importance of baby teeth has been associated with inadequate self-management of children's oral health (i.e. lower likelihood of preventive dental visits) which may result in dental caries and the need for more expensive caries-related restorative treatment under general anesthesia. Health behavior theories aid researchers in understanding the impact and effectiveness of interventions on changing health behaviors and health outcomes...
May 4, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459720/intravenous-caffeine-rescue-for-postoperative-hypoventilation-in-a-16-year-old-with-trisomy-10-a-case-report
#6
Michael Evans, Humphrey Lam, Thomas Austin
Trisomy 10 is a rare disorder, with only 35 cases reported in the literature. Anesthetic management may be challenging in this patient population because of craniofacial, cardiac, and renal abnormalities commonly seen in the disorder. We describe a 16-year-old male with an anesthetic history notable for prolonged emergence, postoperative hypoxia, postoperative reintubation, and unexpected hospital admission presenting for dental extraction of impacted teeth. We utilized intravenous caffeine, a respiratory stimulant used in preterm infants, to facilitate recovery from anesthesia...
April 28, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457477/parental-perceptions-and-acceptance-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-staining
#7
Yasmi O Crystal, Malvin N Janal, Dylan S Hamilton, Richard Niederman
BACKGROUND: The caries arrest that can be achieved by using silver diamine fluoride (SDF) offers a minimally invasive and inexpensive alternative to traditional restorative caries treatment. The authors evaluated how the dentinal staining that is associated with SDF influences the acceptance of this treatment among parents of young children in the New York City metropolitan area. METHODS: The authors invited the parents of children who had experienced dental caries and who had appointments at the New York University Pediatric Dentistry Clinic and at several private clinics in New Jersey to participate in a Web-based survey designed to assess parents' demographics, perceptions of photographs of SDF-treated carious teeth, and acceptability of treatment in different behavior management scenarios...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444559/effectiveness-of-an-interdisciplinary-medical-hospital-admission-center-the-role-of-the-dental-section-in-the-interdisciplinary-system-for-perioperative-management-of-patients-awaiting-surgery
#8
Akifumi Enomoto, Eri Morikage, Takeshi Shimoide, Kazuhide Matsunaga, Suguru Hamada
Perioperative oral functional management (POFM) involves total oral management of a patient before surgery. Considerable benefits have been reported, but POFM remains scarce in medical settings. An interdisciplinary Medical Hospital Admission Center (MHAC) opened in our hospital in December 2014, and has since provided unified perioperative management for patients. This study reports on the clinical system and contributions of the systematized, standardized POFM applied through the MHAC. Patients awaiting surgery undergo oral screening before admission, with patients classified into three groups: red, needing surgical oral management (tooth extraction or other oral surgery) before surgery; yellow, needing non-surgical oral management before surgery, due to the planned surgery or the risk of tooth injury in connection with general anesthesia; or green, patients with good oral hygiene considered capable of suitable oral self-management...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442952/comparison-of-onset-anesthesia-time-and-injection-discomfort-of-4-articaine-and-2-mepivacaine-during-teeth-extractions
#9
Giath Gazal, Rashdan Alharbi, Wamiq Musheer Fareed, Esam Omar, Albraa Badr Alolayan, Hassan Al-Zoubi, Ahmad A Alnazzawi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the speed of action and injection discomfort of 4% articaine and 2% mepivacaine for upper teeth extractions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients were included in the articaine 4% group, and 45 in the mepivacaine 2% control group. After all injections, soft and hard tissue numbness was objectively gauged by dental probe at intervals of 15 s. Furthermore, the discomfort of the injections were recorded by the patients after each treatment on standard 100 mm visual analog scales, tagged at the endpoints with "no pain" (0 mm) and "unbearable pain" (100 mm)...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437304/nitrous-oxide-utility-in-labor-and-birth-a-multipurpose-modality
#10
Michelle Collins
The use of nitrous oxide (N2O) for labor and birth has very recently emerged as a viable modality in the United States, despite a long history of use in Canada and Europe. Usually associated with dental procedures, there are significant differences between dental and parturition utility, efficacy, and staff exposure. In addition to using it for pain relief and anxiolysis, those centers utilizing it have noted it to be multipurpose and useful for such situations as: external cephalic version, manual removal of placenta, intravenous starts, during placement of urinary catheters and intracervical Foley bulbs...
April 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435357/effectiveness-of-audiovisual-distraction-with-computerized-delivery-of-anesthesia-during-the-placement-of-stainless-steel-crowns-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#11
Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin, Hisham El Batawi, M O Gorduysus
OBJECTIVE: Assessing effectiveness of audiovisual (AV) distraction with/without video eyewear and computerized delivery system-intrasulcular (CDS-IS) for local anesthesia during placement of stainless steel crowns for the management of pathological tooth grinding in children with Down syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical study includes 22 children (13 boys and 9 girls), with mean age being 7.1 years. The study involved three sessions 1-week apart. During Session I, dental prophylaxis to the upper jaw was done while watching a movie projected on the ceiling without video eyewear whereas prophylaxis for the lower jaw and impressions of both jaws were taken while watching another movie using eyewear projection...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425145/prevalence-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-cats-during-anesthesia-and-effect-of-omeprazole-on-gastric-ph
#12
R S Garcia, P C Belafsky, A Della Maggiore, J M Osborn, B H Pypendop, T Pierce, V J Walker, A Fulton, S L Marks
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is poorly characterized in anesthetized cats, but can cause aspiration pneumonia, esophagitis, and esophageal stricture formation. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pre-anesthetic orally administered omeprazole increases gastric and esophageal pH and increases serum gastrin concentrations in anesthetized cats, and to determine the prevalence of GER using combined multichannel impedance and pH monitoring. ANIMALS: Twenty-seven healthy cats undergoing elective dental procedures...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423066/influence-of-maternal-anxiety-on-child-anxiety-during-dental-care-cross-sectional-study
#13
Paloma Busato, Raíssa Rigo Garbín, Catielma Nascimento Santos, Luiz Renato Paranhos, Lilian Rigo
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES: Anxiety is usually classified as a disorder of neurotic nature and is often related to contexts of stress, which may include worries, motor tension and autonomic hyperactivity. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of mothers' anxiety on their children's anxiety during dental care. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analytical cross-sectional study conducted at in a private dentistry school in the south of Brazil. METHODS: Convenience sampling was used...
April 13, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410819/-remifentanil-does-not-increase-urine-output-during-oral-surgery-contrary-to-its-effect-during-other-surgeries-a-cohort-study
#14
Kentaro Ouchi, Kazuna Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: An increase in urine output by remifentanil injection during laparoscopic procedures and surgeries such as cardiac and gynecological procedures, due to suppression of the stress response to surgery, has been reported. The aim of our prospective, observational, cohort study was to assess the effect of remifentanil analgesia on urine output during dental and minor oral surgery by comparing intraoperative urine output under defined infusion volumes with and without the use of remifentanil...
April 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406772/crigler-massage-for-congenital-blockade-of-nasolacrimal-duct
#15
Jahanzeb Durrani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the success rate of non-surgical management of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) with Crigler massage in infants below the age of one year. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Ophthalmology at HBS General Hospital, Hazrat Bari Sarkar Medical and Dental College, Islamabad from November 2015 to May 2016. METHODOLOGY: One hundred children with watering of eyes, due to congenital blockage of the distal part of the nasolacrimal duct (at the valve of Hasner), unilateral or bilateral were included in the study...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406124/comparison-of-patients-with-and-without-intellectual-disability-under-general-anesthesia-a-retrospective-study
#16
T Sitilci, S Demirgan, C Akcay, N Kahraman, B G Koseoglu, M A Erdem, A B Cankaya
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We analyzed and retrospectively compared patients with and without intellectual disability (ID) who underwent oral surgery under general anesthesia at Istanbul University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of General Anesthesia, between October 2012 and June 2013 with regard to the following categories: Demographic features, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, Mallampati score, type of anesthetic drug used during the operation, type of intubation used, any difficulties with tracheal intubation, presence of systemic diseases, and recovery times after ending general anesthesia...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406119/factors-affecting-anxiety-fear-of-surgical-procedures-in-dentistry
#17
C N Eroglu, H Ataoğlu, K Küçük
AIM: To compare dental anxiety and fear during procedures performed under local anesthesia either in the operating room or in the clinic as well as to investigate the potential factors that might influence this psychological condition. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients who were admitted to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the universities in two cities, which have a different sociocultural patient profile, were enrolled. In addition to the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS), and Dental Fear Scale (DFS), the patients were asked to answer the questions concerning previous dental experience, education level, and previous psychiatric therapy...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403102/mandibular-regeneration-after-immediate-load-dental-implant-in-a-periodontitis-patient-a-clinical-and-ultrastructural-case-report
#18
Maurizio Catinari, Manuel Scimeca, Massimo Amorosino, Mario Marini, Elena Bonanno, Virginia Tancredi
RATIONALE: In this case study, we characterized from radiographic, morphological and elemental point of view the mandibular reconstruction that occur in patients affects by periodontitis after application of endosseous titanium implants. In particular, we verified that the bone load applied by titanium implant was able to induce the mandibular osteogenic reconstruction. PATIENT CONCERN: A 57-year-old female active smoker with no contraindications for dental implants and 3 unstable dental prostheses, underwent open surgery for the application of endosseous titanium implants (BANP IMPLANT S...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392949/unusual-case-of-osseointegrated-dental-implant-migration-into-maxillary-sinus-removed-12-years-after-insertion
#19
Mauro Laureti, Nicola Ferrigno, Daniele Rosella, Piero Papi, Francesca Mencio, Francesca De Angelis, Giorgio Pompa, Stefano Di Carlo
Displacement of dental implants into the maxillary sinus is not an uncommon event in implant dentistry and may lead to serious complications, such as sinusitis. To avoid systemic problems, performing the removal of the foreign body as soon as possible is suggested. Despite the fact that early implants dislocation has been reported several times, late migration into maxillary sinus has been described by just a few studies. The purpose of this study was to report a rare case of dental implant migration into maxillary sinus after 12 years of function...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390125/impact-of-early-childhood-caries-and-its-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-on-orofacial-function-and-quality-of-life-a-prospective-comparative-study
#20
V Collado, H Pichot, C Delfosse, C Eschevins, E Nicolas, M Hennequin
BACKGROUND: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) has become a major public health concern worldwide, mostly affecting children from disadvantaged families in increasingly severe forms. This condition has been frequently reported to alter children's nutrition, growth and general development. It negatively impacts their quality of life, through painful episodes and severe eating difficulties. While this period is crucial for oral praxes development, the impact of dental state on oro-facial functions is poorly documented...
May 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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