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Adrenal gland

Sandra Heese, Kerstin Hammer, Mareike Möllers, Helen A Köster, Maria K Falkenberg, Maria Eveslage, Janina Braun, Kathrin Oelmeier de Murcia, Walter Klockenbusch, Ralf Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To compare the adrenal gland size of fetal growth restricted (FGR) and normal control fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective study the adrenal gland size of 63 FGR fetuses and 343 normal controls was measured between 20 and 41 weeks of gestation. The total width and the medulla width were measured in a new standardized transversal plane. The cortex width and a calculated ratio of the total and medulla width (adrenal gland ratio) were compared between both groups...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Satoru Morita, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Kenji Endo, Shingo Suzaki, Akira Mitsuhashi, Takafumi Shiohara, Midori Yatabe, Atsuhiro Ichihara, Shuji Sakai
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of image fusion guidance (IF) with pre-procedural computed tomography (CT) with intraprocedural fluoroscopy for adrenal venous sampling (AVS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: AVS before and after ACTH stimulation including bilateral segmental sampling of effluent tributaries was performed in 62 patients with IF. A 3D volume rendering image, including adrenal glands and veins extracted from previously obtained contrast-enhanced CT images, was manually registered to the real-time X-ray fluoroscopy...
March 14, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Dezső Kelemen, Zoltán Lőcsei, Róbert Papp, Sándor Ferencz, András Vereczkei
CASE PRESENTATION: After neoadjuvant oncological therapy the surgical treatment of distal pancreatic tumour - infiltrating the celiac axis and the stomach - was reported. During the operation resection of the trunc, distal pancreatectomy, splenectomy, total gastrectomy, resection of the left adrenal gland and cholecystectomy were carried out. The patient's clinical course was uneventful, only transient alteration of liver functions was detected. Histological work-up revealed R1 resection, so adjuvant oncological therapy was decided...
March 2018: Magyar Sebészet
Koy Min Chue, Giap Hean Goh, Alfred Wei Chieh Kow
Adrenal pseudocysts are rare entities, which are usually asymptomatic. Large symptomatic adrenal pseudocysts may cause compressive symptoms. The etiology of these cysts is unknown, although the cyst wall is all lined by fibrous tissue, without any epithelial or endothelial lining. We report a case of a 26-year-old lady who presented with a symptomatic right adrenal pseudocyst measuring 7.6 cm in size. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the presence of a right retroperitoneal cystic lesion which was hyperintense on T2 sequencing...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
Josef Davidsson, Andreas Puschmann, Ulf Tedgård, David Bryder, Lars Nilsson, Jörg Cammenga
Germline mutations in the SAMD9 and SAMD9L genes, located in tandem on chromosome 7, are associated with a clinical spectrum of disorders including the MIRAGE syndrome, ataxia-pancytopenia syndrome and myelodysplasia and leukemia syndrome with monosomy 7 syndrome. Germline gain-of-function mutations increase SAMD9 or SAMD9L's normal antiproliferative effect. This causes pancytopenia and generally restricted growth and/or specific organ hypoplasia in non-hematopoietic tissues. In blood cells, additional somatic aberrations that reverse the germline mutation's effect, and give rise to the clonal expansion of cells with reduced or no antiproliferative effect of SAMD9 or SAMD9L include complete or partial chromosome 7 loss or loss-of-function mutations in SAMD9 or SAMD9L...
February 25, 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
David Taïeb, Abhishek Jha, Carole Guerin, Ying Pang, Karen T Adams, Clara C Chen, Pauline Romanet, Philippe Roche, Wassim Essamet, Alexander Ling, Martha M Quezado, Frédéric Castinetti, Fréderic Sebag, Karel Pacak
Context: MYC associated factor X (MAX) has been recently described as a new susceptibility pheochromocytoma (PHEO) gene with a total of approximately 40 reported cases. At present, no study has specifically described the functional imaging phenotype of MAX-related PHEO. Objective, Patients, and Design: The objective of this study was to present our experience with contrast-enhanced CT and 18F-FDOPA PET/CT imaging in 6 consecutive patients (4 at initial diagnosis and 2 at follow-up evaluation) with rare but clinically important MAX-related PHEOs...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Ji Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND: The liver hanging maneuver during right hepatectomy is a useful technique for parenchymal transection. The laparoscopic caudal approach is totally different from the laparoscopic ventral approach because of the direction of parenchymal transection. There are differences in the application and effectiveness of liver hanging maneuver between two approaches. This study evaluated the surgical techniques and outcomes of the ventral approach comparison with the caudal approach in laparoscopic right hemihepatectomy using liver hanging maneuver...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Verica Lj Milošević, Walter B Severs, Nataša M Ristić, Milica N Manojlović-Stojanoski, Florina V Popovska-Perčinić, Branka T Šošić-Jurjević, Lazo B Pendovski, Svetlana L Trifunović, Marko Š Miler, Vladimir Z Ajdžanović
Genistein (G) and related soy phytoestrogens have been studied for potential usefulness in different chronic diseases, and may ameliorate signs of aging. They have a profound influence on the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. The present study utilized the rat model of mild andropause to thoroughly evaluate the effects of G and soy extract on the adrenal gland and related blood hormones. Adult male rats were orchidectomized (Orx) or sham operated (SO). Orx rats received daily subcutaneous injections for 3 weeks of solvent, or G (Orx+G, 30 mg/kg), or commercial soy extract (Orx+Soy, 30 mg/kg)...
March 12, 2018: Histology and Histopathology
Yang Zhao, Hui Guo, Ying Zhao, Bingyin Shi
Ectopic adrenal adenoma causing chronic Cushing's syndrome (CS) is a rare phenomenon. Diagnosis is usually made years after disease onset because of the insidious nature of the ectopic adrenal gland and because it overlaps with common symptoms, such as overweight and hypertension, in the general population (Kreitschmann-Andermahr et al., 2015). Here, we report the case of a 46-year-old male with a 15-year history of severe hypertension, facial plethora, and centripetal obesity. During treatment for herpes zoster, the patient presented with severe hypokalemia and flaccid paralysis, characteristic changes associated with CS...
March 7, 2018: Annales D'endocrinologie
Hegui Huang, Lian Liu, Jing Li, Chunyan Zhu, Xiaoyu Xie, Ying Ao, Hui Wang
Autophagy plays a vital role in embryonic development and cell differentiation. Our previous study demonstrated that prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) resulted in intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and adrenal developmental toxicities in rat offspring. The present study focused on PEE-induced autophagy as an underlying mechanism and its biological significance in female fetal rats. Female fetuses in the PEE group exhibited lower body weights and suffered adrenal structural abnormalities compared to the controls...
March 7, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Mamoru Tanida, Zhang Tao, Lingling Sun, Jie Song, Wei Yang, Yuichi Kuda, Yasutaka Kurata, Toshishige Shibamoto
NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Whether anaphylaxis affects sympathetic outflows to the brown adipose tissue (BAT) and adrenal grand is not known. Moreover, it is unknown whether anaphylaxis affects some brain areas in association with sympathetic regulation. What is the main finding and its importance? We showed that sympathoexcitatory responses to anaphylaxis regionally occurred in the kidney and adrenal grand, but not in the thermogenesis-related BAT. Further, anaphylactic hypotension also caused increase in c-fos immunoreactivity in the hypothalamic and medullary areas...
March 10, 2018: Experimental Physiology
Risto J Kaaja, M Gary Nicholls
Studies in the early 1990s suggested that a hormone identical to ouabain or an isomer of ouabain is secreted by the adrenal glands into the circulation and plays a role in the regulation of arterial pressure and cardiac and renal function. This hormone, known as endogenous ouabain (EO), was claimed to contribute to the pathophysiology of a number of disorders including heart failure, renal failure, pregnancy-induced, and essential hypertension. However, some research groups have been unable to confirm the presence of EO in the human circulation and the issue remains in dispute...
March 10, 2018: BioFactors
Hyungwoo Ahn, Eun Ju Chun, Hak Jong Lee, Sung Il Hwang, Dong-Ju Choi, In-Ho Chae, Kyung Won Lee
Although the causes of hypertension are usually unknown, about 10% of the cases occur secondary to specific etiologies, which are often treatable. Common categories of secondary hypertension include renal parenchymal disease, renovascular stenosis, vascular and endocrinologic disorders. For diseases involving the renal parenchyma and adrenal glands, ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is recommended. For renovascular stenosis and vascular disorders, Doppler US, conventional or noninvasive (CT or MR) angiography is an appropriate modality...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
Min Chen, Weibin Zhou, Zhe Zhang, Yuting Zou, Chengjiang Li
RATIONALE: The incidence of severe hyperandrogenism associated with masculinity in women is very low. While rare and difficult to diagnose, androgen secreting tumors should be suspected in women with hyperandrogenism and hirsutism, especially in the postmenopausal population. Herein we present one case of ovarian Leydig cell tumor (LCT) with markedly elevated serum testosterone levels and frank hirsutism. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 60-year-old woman, presented with increased hair growth and androgenic alopecia and the hormonal laboratory examination showed that she had elevated serum testosterone level and normal dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), androstenedione, 17- hydroxyprogesterone, cortisol and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Go Noguchi, Noboru Nakaigawa, Masataka Taguri, Sohgo Tsutsumi, Yoko Saito, Sachi Fukui, Masato Yasui, Takashi Tokita, Taku Mitome, Tomoyuki Tatenuma, Shinnosuke Kuroda, Koichi Abe, Daiki Ueno, Kazuhiro Namura, Susumu Umemoto, Akitoshi Takizawa, Junichi Ohta, Teiichiro Ueki, Takeshi Watanabe, Kazuki Kobayashi, Keiichi Kondo, Takeshi Kishida, Hitomi Kanno, Kazuo Kitami, Takeharu Yamanaka, Masahiro Yao
We investigated time-dependent changes in the relapse features of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) after curative surgery. Between 1985 and 2015, 1398 patients with RCC (1226 clear cell RCC, 89 papillary RCC, and 53 chromophobe RCC) underwent curative surgery at Yokohama City University Hospital and its affiliated hospitals. We retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathologic factors of patients with relapse after surgery. Median follow-up was 56.3 months. Recurrence occurred in 245 patients (217 clear cell RCC, 12 papillary RCC, and 3 chromophobe RCC)...
March 7, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
Masood Umer, Yasir Mohib, Muhammed Atif, Muhammad Nazim
Background: Renal cell carcinoma account for 3% of all cancers, with peak incidence between 60 and 70 years of age predominantly affecting male population. Renal carcinoma is the most common malignancy of kidney constitutes for 80-90% of renal neoplasm with an overall 45% five years survival rate. Majority are diagnosed incidentally during investigation for other disease process of abdomen. Classical triad of gross hematuria, pain and palpable mass in abdomen is rare accounting to only 6-10%...
March 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Jianzhong Lin, Yang Yu, Yi Chen, Ming Zheng, Dan Zhou
RATIONALE: The incidence of heterotopic pancreas (HP) is relatively rare and mainly found in the upper gastrointestinal tract, and no case of HP cyst in the adrenal gland has been reported. Informed consent has been obtained from the patient for the publication of the case details. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 21-year-old woman who presented with chronic lower back pain for a week without urinary disturbance or gastrointestinal discomfortable. DIAGNOSES: Ultrasound (US) revealed a left renal cyst, and computed tomography (CT) showed a cyst in the area of the adrenal gland...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yutaka Endo, Minoru Kitago, Akira Miyajima, Isao Kurihara, Kaori Kameyama, Masahiro Shinoda, Hiroshi Yagi, Yuta Abe, Taizo Hibi, Chisato Takagi, Yutaka Nakano, Wataru Koizumi, Osamu Itano, Yuko Kitagawa
INTRODUCTION: von Hippel-Lindau disease (vHL disease) is a hereditary disease in which tumors and cysts develop in many organs, in association with central nervous system hemangioblastomas, pheochromocytomas, and pancreatic tumors. We herein report a case of vHL disease (type 2A) associated with bilateral pheochromocytomas, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNET), and cerebellar hemangioblastomas treated via pancreatectomy after adrenalectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old woman presented with a cerebellar tumor, bilateral hypernephroma, and pancreatic tumor detected during a medical checkup...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Shiro Matsumoto, Yoshinori Hosoya, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Hidenori Haruta, Takashi Ui, Kentaro Kurashina, Shin Saito, Kentaro Ashizawa, Takahiro Sasaki, Joji Kitayama, Naohiro Sata
INTRODUCTION: Black adrenal adenoma (BAA) is a rare, benign adrenal lesion with a black or brown appearance. This is the first report of this lesion in a patient with a synchronous esophageal cancer and highlights the importance of considering a false positive finding on a Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan, which might otherwise preclude resection. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 73-year-old male was diagnosed with mid-esophagus carcinoma. Computed tomography scan revealed an enlarged left adrenal gland...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Mark J Bucsek, Thejaswini Giridharan, Cameron R MacDonald, Bonnie L Hylander, Elizabeth A Repasky
Stress in patients and pre-clinical research animals plays a critical role in disease progression Activation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) by stress results in secretion of the catecholamines epinephrine (Epi) and norepinephrine (NE) from the adrenal gland and sympathetic nerve endings. Adrenergic receptors for catecholamines are present on immune cells and their activity is affected by stress and the accompanying changes in levels of these neurotransmitters. In this short review, we discuss how this adrenergic stress impacts two categories of immune responses, infections and autoimmune diseases...
March 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
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