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Urinary stone disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026764/a-case-control-study-on-environmental-and-biological-risk-factors-for-renal-calculi-persisting-in-a-coastal-union-territory-india
#1
Prakash Mathiyalagen, Anand Neelakantan, Karthik Balusamy, Kavita Vasudevan, Johnson Cherian, Bhuvaneswary Sunderamurthy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Renal stone disease is a common disorder of the urinary tract and also a significant problem because of incidence, recurrence, and severe consequences. The complex pathogenetic mechanisms of renal stone formation involve both biologic and environmental risk factors. The present study was performed to identify the role of these parameters among renal stone patients and normal individuals from a coastal union territory region in South India. METHODS: The authors conducted a case-control study of renal stone disease among outpatient department patients more than 30 years of age using systematic random sampling procedure with 100 study participants (50 subjects for each group)...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016582/safety-and-efficacy-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-children
#2
Udaya Man Singh Dongol, Yugal Limbu
BACKGROUND: Renal stone disease is a common problem in children in developing countries. Its prevalence in children varies from 5% to 15%. It is suggested that anatomic abnormalities, recurrent urinary tract infections, metabolic disturbances, dietary and environmental factors are the predisposing factors.The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children. METHODS: Between May 2012 and Dec 2016, 25 children with renal stone diseases underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy and were evaluated for stone free rate, complications, blood transfusion rate, sandwich therapy, etc...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992903/use-of-purina-pro-plan-veterinary-diet-ur-urinary-st-ox-to-dissolve-struvite-cystoliths
#3
Camille Torres-Henderson, Jamie Bunkers, Elena T Contreras, Emily Cross, Michael R Lappin
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of feeding the commercially available diet, Purina Pro Plan Veterinary Diets UR Urinary St/Ox, for the dissolution of struvite cystoliths in cats with naturally occurring disease. Twelve cats with clinical signs of lower urinary tract disease and cystoliths confirmed via radiographs were enrolled. The cats were fed the study diet ad libitum and assessed by abdominal radiographs weekly. Cats with cystoliths that resolved based on radiographs and confirmatory ultrasound examination were considered diet successes...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992665/-clinical-study-of-bladder-tamponade-at-takeda-hospital
#4
Tomoyuki Oida, Norio Kawase
This retrospective study examined bladder tamponade in 58 patients (male, n=36 ; female, n=22 ; average age, 78.5 years old) at Takeda Hospital between 2006 and 2016. Twenty-four of the patients were prescribed anticoagulants, and 18 had an indwelling urethral catheter. The underlying diseases comprised of cystitis (male, n=7; female, n=19), iatrogenic lower urinary tract injury (male, n=13), bladder neoplasms (male, n=6 ; female, n=1), prostatic hemorrhage (male, n=7), renal cell carcinoma (male, n=1 ; female, n=1), and bladder stone (male, n=2 ; female, n=1)...
September 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977111/is-a-safety-guidewire-needed-for-retrograde-ureteroscopy
#5
Wilson Rica Molina, Rodrigo R Pessoa, Rodrigo Donalísio da Silva, Diedra Gustafson, Leticia Nogueira, Alex Meller
INTRODUCTION: It is generally advised to have a safety guidewire (SGW) present during ureteroscopy (URS) to manage possible complications. However, it increases the strenght needed to insert and retract the endoscope during the procedure, and, currently, there is a lack of solid data supporting the need for SGW in all procedures. We reviewed the literature about SGW utilization during URS. METHOD: A review of the literature was conducted through April 2017 using PubMed, Ovid, and The Cochrane Library databases to identify relevant studies...
August 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975110/nephrolithiasis-as-a-common-urinary-system-manifestation-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-clinical-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Mahboube Ganji-Arjenaki, Hamid Nasri, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
CONTEXT: The extra-intestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are common and involve other organs or systems for example; urinary system. EVIDENCE ACQUISITIONS: For this review, we used a variety of sources by searching through Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus and directory of open access journals (DOAJ). RESULTS: Urinary complications may occur in up to 22% of patients and nephrolithiasis or renal/kidney stones have been suggested to be a common manifestation of disease in forms of uric acid, calcium phosphate or calcium oxalate...
July 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966756/preventive-kidney-stones-continue-medical-education
#7
REVIEW
Farahnak Assadi, Mastaneh Moghtaderi
Nephrolithiasis is a common health problem across the globe with a prevalence of 15%-20%. Idiopathic hypercalciuria is the most common cause of nephrolithiasis, and calcium oxalate stones are the most common type of stones in idiopathic hypercalciuric patients. Calcium phosphate stones are frequently associated with other diseases such as renal tubular acidosis type 1, urinary tract infections, and hyperparathyroidism. Compared with flat abdominal film and renal sonography, a noncontrast helical computed tomography scan of the abdomen is the diagnostic procedure of choice for detection of small and radiolucent kidney stones with sensitivity and specificity of nearly 100%...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966022/pediatric-hospitalizations-for-upper-urinary-tract-calculi-epidemiological-and-treatment-trends-in-the-united-states-2001-2014
#8
Parth K Modi, Young Suk Kwon, Rachel B Davis, Sammy E Elsamra, Viktor Dombrovskiy, Ephrem O Olweny
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of urolithiasis in the pediatric population in the United States has steadily been increasing over the past few decades. Few studies to date have examined trends in the hospitalization and inpatient surgical treatment of urolithiasis in the pediatric population using nationally representative data. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate nationwide trends in the rates of pediatric hospitalization and inpatient surgical activity for upper urinary tract calculi (UUTC) in the United States from 2001 to 2014...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952688/-antimicrobial-resistance-of-uropathogens-in-patients-with-acute-obstructive-pyelonephritis
#9
Yu L Naboka, I A Gudima, E V Mitusova, S K Bedzhanyan, P P Morgun, M I Kogan, K T Dzhalagoniya, M A Akimenko
RELEVANCE: Acute pyelonephritis is known to be the most complicated and severe urinary tract infection occurring in all age groups and accounting for 14% of all kidney diseases. The generally recognized standard antibiotic therapy cannot completely prevent the progression of the disease to its chronic form after relief of its acute manifestations thus leading to a high incidence of relapses. The aim of our study was to investigate the spectrum of uropathogens and their antibiotic sensitivity in acute obstructive pyelonephritis...
September 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894841/symptomatic-distal-ureteral-stone-in-an-ileal-ureter-treatment-by-combined-supine-ureteroscopy-and-mini-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#10
Florian Schott, Benedikt Becker, Andreas J Gross, Christopher Netsch
Urolithiasis is a well-known and common late complication in patients with urinary diversion. Patients without urinary diversion lead to symptoms such as hematuria and ureteral colic, whereas stones in patients with urinary diversion tend to be asymptomatic and are often diagnosed incidentally during staging examinations of oncologic diseases. We report the case of a 64-year-old male patient with a lower pole kidney stone and a stone in the ileal ureter substitution. He presented with diffuse abdominal and left-sided flank pain...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894532/an-ethno-pharmacological-study-of-plants-used-for-traditional-medication-in-tangail-district-bangladesh
#11
A H M Mahmudur Rahman, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, folk medicinal practitioners are called "Kaviraj" and are consulted for treatment of various ailments by a large part of the rural and urban population. There are some previous studies conducted in the Tangail district of Bangladesh about medicinal plants, but there is no relevant information about this aspect in some parts of this district. AIM: To conduct an ethno-pharmacological survey among the "Kaviraj" of two upazilas (regions) in Tangail district, namely Tangail Sadar Upazila and Nagarpur Upazila, to identify the trouble-free formulations of medicinal plants for various diseases used by the folk medicine practitioners on or after other forms of medical practices...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892595/urolithiasis-ten-things-every-general-practitioner-should-know
#12
James Sewell, Darren J Katz, Ohad Shoshany, Christopher Love
BACKGROUND: Upper urinary tract stones are a common problem in Australia, with an incidence of 0.13% per year, and a lifetime prevalence of up to 15% in males and 8% in females. Many of these patients first present to general practitioners (GPs), so a thorough understanding of the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of stone disease is an important part of any GP's arsenal. OBJECTIVE: In this article, we present evidence-based guidelines regarding urolithiasis, from diagnosis, through to conservative and operative management, and prevention, as a reference for GPs and other primary care physicians...
September 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861305/laparoscopic-transperitoneal-and-retroperitoneal-simple-nephrectomy-the-impact-of-etiological-factors-of-the-results-of-surgical-treatment
#13
Rauf Naghiyev, Sudeyf Imamverdiyev, Elchin Efendiyev, Öner Şanlı
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study compares the perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic simple nephrectomy (LSN) in patients with urinary stone disease (USD) in comparison with LSNs performed for other etiological factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 115 LSNs were identified from the two teaching hospitals' database. Depending on the etiological factors, patients were stratified in 2 groups. Group 1 consisted of 63 (mean age 44.8±1.7 [21-71] years) patients; where the cause of non-functioning kidney was USD...
September 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861294/retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-for-renal-stones-part-2
#14
REVIEW
Özcan Kılıç, Murat Akand, Ben Van Cleynenbreugel
Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) has become an effective and safe treatment modality in the management of urinary system stone disease. Recent developments and innovations in the flexible ureterorenoscope and auxiliary equipment have made this procedure easier and more effective with increased success rates. RIRS can be used as a primary treatment in patients with renal stones smaller than 2 cm, prior unsuccessful shock wave lithotripsy, infundibular stenosis, renoureteral malformation, skeletal-muscular deformity, bleeding diathesis and obese patients...
September 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857066/hypoparathyroidism
#15
REVIEW
Michael Mannstadt, John P Bilezikian, Rajesh V Thakker, Fadil M Hannan, Bart L Clarke, Lars Rejnmark, Deborah M Mitchell, Tamara J Vokes, Karen K Winer, Dolores M Shoback
Hypoparathyroidism is a disease characterized by inadequately low circulating concentrations of parathyroid hormone (PTH) resulting in low calcium levels and increased phosphate levels in the blood. Symptoms of the disease result from increased neuromuscular irritability caused by hypocalcaemia and include tingling, muscle cramps and seizures. The most common cause of the disease is inadvertent removal of, or injury to, the parathyroid glands during neck surgery, followed by genetic, idiopathic and autoimmune aetiologies...
August 31, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853105/different-approaches-to-detect-nanobacteria-in-patients-with-kidney-stones-an-infectious-cause-or-a-subset-of-life
#16
Hani Ansari, Abbas Akhavan Sepahi, Mohsen Akhavan Sepahi
PURPOSE: This research focused on the detection of nanobacteria in kidney stones of 30 Iranian patients without adding fetal bovine serum (FBS) to the culture media. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nanobacteria were isolated from a nephro-ureterolithiasis extract of the urinary tract and kidney of patients and were cultured in the laboratory. The growth of nanobacteria was monitored using a spectrophotometer, and with inverted microscopy technique, their crystallization was analyzed after two days...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845934/-troyakov-experience-in-using-hytolysin-in-the-integrated-management-of-urinary-tract-infections-and-methapylactics-of-nephrolithiasis
#17
V S Saenko, F P Kapsargin, S V Pesegov, V M
RELEVANCE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) are a risk factor for diseases leading to impairment of renal function and kidney stone disease (KSD). Growing resistance of uropathogens to antibacterial agents is a challenging issue in most countries of the world. Urolithiasis is the second most prevalent urologic condition following urinary tract infections and has a pronounced tendency to recur. Rational stone metaphylaxis leads to a significant reduction in the incidence of recurrent stones...
July 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830242/redefining-the-stone-belt-precipitation-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-urinary-stone-disease
#18
Kai B Dallas, Simon Conti, Joseph C Liao, Mario Sofer, Alan C Pao, John T Leppert, Christopher S Elliott
OBJECTIVES: The American Southeast has been labeled the "Stone Belt" due to its relatively high burden of urinary stone disease, presumed to be related to its higher temperatures. However, other regions with high temperatures (e.g., the Southwest) do not have the same disease prevalence as the southeast. We seek to explore the association of stone disease to other climate-associated factors beyond temperature, including precipitation and temperature variation. METHODS: We identified all patients who underwent a surgical procedure for urinary stone disease from the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD) databases (2010-2012)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802643/update-on-urinary-stones-in-children-current-and-future-concepts-in-surgical-treatment-and-shockwave-lithotripsy
#19
REVIEW
Mesrur Selcuk Silay, Jonathan S Ellison, Thomas Tailly, Paolo Caione
CONTEXT: Miniaturized instrumentation used for endoscopic treatment of urinary stone disease in children has been readily adopted in clinical practice. However, there is a need to optimize and individualize the surgical approach according to the patient's age, body habitus, and stone characteristics. Promising novel equipment and techniques will continue to advance the surgical care of these children. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature regarding surgical and shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) treatment of urinary stone disease in children and provide an overview on future treatment innovations...
August 9, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782352/cornus-mas-a-review-on-traditional-uses-and-pharmacological-properties
#20
Fatemeh Hosseinpour-Jaghdani, Tahoora Shomali, Sajedeh Gholipour-Shahraki, Mohammad Rahimi-Madiseh, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
Medicinal plants that are used today have been known by people of ancient cultures around the world and have largely been considered due to their medicinal properties. Cornus mas L. (Cornelian cherry) is one of these medicinal plants with high level of antioxidant activity. Cornelian cherry is an attractive ornamental plant with delicious fruit having nutritional and therapeutic values. The main purpose of this paper is to present and summarize the pharmacological and therapeutic effects from researches done on Cornelian cherry in studies from 2000 to 2016...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
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